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Advances in Preventive Medicine

R Constance Wiener, Christopher Waters
Introduction: Appalachia West Virginia has a higher prevalence of preterm and low birthweight babies than the US national prevalence. Many factors have been studied which are known to influence preterm births and low birthweight babies. There are limited interventions that are available to decrease the likelihood of preterm and low birthweight babies; however oral health and personal oral infection control may be helpful. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of limited personal oral infection control among pregnant West Virginia Appalachian women and poor birth outcomes (preterm and low birthweight babies)...
2018: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Ivan M Petyaev, Marina P Chernyshova, Dmitry V Pristensky, Natalia E Chalyk, Victor A Klochkov, Nigel H Kyle, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Ingestion of a single dose of alcohol, ranging from the intake of a moderate amount alcohol to binge drinking, is the most frequent form of alcohol consumption with poorly understood medical consequences and obscure prophylactics. The study was aimed to determine whether lycosome formulated phosphatidylcholine (PC-Lyc) containing two highly bioavailable antioxidants (PC and lycopene) ingested shortly before the alcohol-containing beverage may alleviate the biochemical markers of liver damage and parameters of biological oxidation associated with the intake of a moderate amount of alcohol...
2018: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Sterling Farrer
Coronary heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death in the United States. Current attempts to treat atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease often involve pharmaceutical and surgical treatments. While these treatments are successful in managing the pain from coronary heart disease, they do little to prevent or stop it. There are a number of clinical strategies that are currently being researched to treat atherosclerosis through HDL-increasing therapies. These clinical studies have shown positive effects through nutritional intervention, exercise, stress reduction, and tobacco and alcohol cessation...
2018: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Piers Blackett, Kerry Farrell, Minh Truong, Minu George, Peggy Turner, Joane Less, Jonathan D Baldwin, Allen W Knehans
The feasibility of "point-of-care" screening for ideal cardiovascular health was explored in a pediatric specialty clinic setting. Children and adolescents aged 9-18 years (n=91) with treated and stabilized diseases were recruited at a pediatric endocrinology clinic. A table-top device was used to assay fingerstick samples for non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), which was used to divide participants into two groups based on the non-HDL-C threshold for comparison of the remaining metrics between groups...
2018: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Mohammad Hassan Abedi Khorasgani, Mohammad Hassan Ghadiani, Amir Mohammad Kazemifar, Hassan Solhi, Sadra Solhi
A large number of dead bodies are referred to forensic autopsy halls for medicolegal examination. They can be a source of transmission of infectious diseases through direct contact or autopsy tools. The main aim of this study was to estimate the virus infection rates in the dead bodies. One thousand consecutive dead bodies that had been referred to autopsy hall of Legal Medicine Bureau of Tehran, Iran, during 2016, were included. The blood samples were analyzed in the laboratory for detection of HBs Ag, HBs Ab, HIV Ab, and HCV Ab, after providing informed consent from legal next of kin of the dead bodies...
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Brett A Dolezal, Eric V Neufeld, David M Boland, Jennifer L Martin, Christopher B Cooper
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/1364387.].
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Larry W Chambers, Saskia Sivananthan, Carol Brayne
Despite efforts to raise awareness and develop guidelines for care of individuals with dementia, reports of poor detection and inadequate management persist. This has led to a call for more identification of people with dementia, that is, screening individuals who may or may not complain of symptoms of dementia in both acute settings and primary care. The following should be considered before recommending screening for dementia among individuals in the general population. Dementia Tests . Low prevalence reduces positive predictive value of tests and screening tests will miss people who have dementia and identify people who do not have dementia in substantial numbers...
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Mohamed A Mejri, Omar Hammouda, Amel Tayech, Narimen Yousfi, Anis Chaouachi, Nizar Souissi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Akhil Kher, Sandra Johnson, Robert Griffith
BACKGROUND: Online health information is being used more ubiquitously by the general population. However, this information typically favors only a small percentage of readers, which can result in suboptimal medical outcomes for patients. OBJECTIVE: The readability of online patient education materials regarding the topic of congestive heart failure was assessed through six readability assessment tools. METHODS: The search phrase "congestive heart failure" was employed into the search engine Google...
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Brett A Dolezal, Eric V Neufeld, David M Boland, Jennifer L Martin, Christopher B Cooper
Although a substantial body of literature has explored the relationship between sleep and exercise, comprehensive reviews and definitive conclusions about the impact of exercise interventions on sleep are lacking. Electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 2013 and March 2017. Studies were included if they possessed either objective or subjective measures of sleep and an exercise intervention that followed the guidelines recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine. Thirty-four studies met these inclusion criteria...
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Anamai Thetkathuek, Tanongsak Yingratanasuk, Wiwat Ekburanawat
The study aimed to investigate factors associated with respiratory symptoms in workers in a medium-density fiberboard (MDF) furniture factory in Eastern Thailand. Data were collected from 439 employees exposed to formaldehyde and MDF dust using questionnaire and personal sampler (Institute of Occupational Medicine; IOM). The average concentration of formaldehyde from MDF dust was 2.62 ppm (SD 367), whereas the average concentration of MDF dust itself was 7.67 mg/m3 (SD 3.63). Atopic allergic history was a factor associated with respiratory irritation symptoms and allergic symptoms among the workers exposed to formaldehyde and were associated with respiratory irritation symptoms and allergic symptoms among those exposed to MDF dust...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Daniel Relles, Galina I Chipitsyna, Qiaoke Gong, Charles J Yeo, Hwyda A Arafat
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is virtually therapy-resistant. As noninvasive lesions progress to malignancy, the precursor period provides a window for cancer therapies that can interfere with neoplastic progression. Thymoquinone (Tq), a major bioactive component of essential oil from Nigella sativa 's seeds, has demonstrated antineoplastic activities in multiple cancers. In this study, we investigated antineoplastic potential of Tq in human PDAC cell lines, AsPC-1 and MiaPaCa-2. Tq (10-50  μ M) inhibited cell viability and proliferation and caused partial G2 cycle arrest in dose-dependent manner in both cell lines...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Somsiri Decharat, Piriyalux Phethuayluk, Supandee Maneelok
Objectives. The objective of this study was to describe the socioeconomic situation of dental health work and work characteristics and to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dental health workers. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 124 dental health workers and 124 persons in the reference group, matched to dental health workers by gender, were recruited from the workers who worked at the same 17 community hospitals in Nakhon Si Thammarat province, Thailand...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Valmore Bermudez, Juan Salazar, María Sofía Martínez, Mervin Chávez-Castillo, Luis Carlos Olivar, María José Calvo, Jim Palmar, Jordan Bautista, Eduardo Ramos, Mayela Cabrera, Freddy Pachano, Joselyn Rojas
Background and Aim. Insulin resistance (IR) is a prominent pathophysiologic component in a myriad of metabolic disorders, including obesity, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, which are common in our locality. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of IR and factors associated with this condition in an adult population from Maracaibo city, Venezuela. Methodology. A cross-sectional, descriptive study with multistaged randomized sampling was carried out in 2026 adults. IR was defined as HOMA2-IR ≥ 2...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Helene Akpene Garti
Positive perception about menstruation and good menstrual hygiene practice safeguards the health of postpubescent females by reducing their vulnerability to reproductive and urinary tract infections. Using a questionnaire, a cross-sectional study involving 293 randomly selected female undergraduate students in northern Ghana assessed the relationship between knowledge on menstruation and the practice of safe menstrual hygiene. Data collected was analyzed using GraphPad 5.01. This study found that although majority of respondents (73...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Aziz Kamran, Ali Akbar Shekarchi, Elham Sharifian, Heshmatolah Heydari
Nutrition is a dominant peripheral factor in increasing blood pressure; however, little information is available about the nutritional status of hypertensive patients in Iran. This study aimed to compare nutritional behaviors of the rural controlled and uncontrolled hypertensive patients and to determine the predictive power of nutritional behaviors from blood pressure. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 671 rural hypertensive patients, using multistage random sampling method in Ardabil city in 2013...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Mariya A Qurieshi, S M Salim Khan, Muneer A Masoodi, Uruj Qurieshi, Quratul Ain, Yasmeen Jan, Inaamul Haq, Sheikh Zahoor Ahmad
Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. The aim of the present study was to measure the pattern of different cancers in Kashmir, India, a cancer belt with peculiar cancer profile. A hospital based cancer registry was started by the Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, in January 2006, wherein information was collected from cancer patients who were diagnosed and treated in the hospital. Data has been analysed for a period extending from January 2006 to December 2012...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
S Pooransingh, S Teelucksingh, I Dialsingh
Background. Dengue continues to pose a public health problem globally. Objective. To review factors associated with patients who died from dengue in Trinidad. Methods. A retrospective case note review of hospitalized patients who died during 2001 to 2010. Results. A total of 23 cases were identified: 13 males, 10 females-12 East Indians, 9 Africans, and 2 unknown. More than half (n = 17) were over 40 years of age with 10 being over 60 years of age; three were children. A falling platelet count was observed in 16 while 18 patients had a low normal haematocrit...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
Ismail N Pangani, Festus K Kiplamai, Jane W Kamau, Vincent O Onywera
Background. The understanding of obesity as a growing health problem in Africa and Tanzania in particular is hampered by lack of data as well as sociocultural beliefs in which overweight and obesity are revered. This study sought to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children aged 8-13 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Method. A cross-sectional analytical research design was used to study overweight and obesity in primary schools in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The target population was 150,000 children aged 8-13 years...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
S Raj, V L Sharma, A J Singh, S Goel
Background. The available health information on websites should be reliable and accurate in order to make informed decisions by community. This study was done to assess the quality and readability of health information websites on World Wide Web in India. Methods. This cross-sectional study was carried out in June 2014. The key words "Health" and "Information" were used on search engines "Google" and "Yahoo." Out of 50 websites (25 from each search engines), after exclusion, 32 websites were evaluated. LIDA tool was used to assess the quality whereas the readability was assessed using Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), and SMOG...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
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