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Advances in Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597901/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-dental-health-workers-southern-thailand
#1
Somsiri Decharat, Piriyalux Phethuayluk, Supandee Maneelok
Objectives. The objective of this study was to describe the socioeconomic situation of dental health work and work characteristics and to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dental health workers. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 124 dental health workers and 124 persons in the reference group, matched to dental health workers by gender, were recruited from the workers who worked at the same 17 community hospitals in Nakhon Si Thammarat province, Thailand...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579182/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-insulin-resistance-in-adults-from-maracaibo-city-venezuela
#2
Valmore Bermudez, Juan Salazar, María Sofía Martínez, Mervin Chávez-Castillo, Luis Carlos Olivar, María José Calvo, Jim Palmar, Jordan Bautista, Eduardo Ramos, Mayela Cabrera, Freddy Pachano, Joselyn Rojas
Background and Aim. Insulin resistance (IR) is a prominent pathophysiologic component in a myriad of metabolic disorders, including obesity, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, which are common in our locality. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of IR and factors associated with this condition in an adult population from Maracaibo city, Venezuela. Methodology. A cross-sectional, descriptive study with multistaged randomized sampling was carried out in 2026 adults. IR was defined as HOMA2-IR ≥ 2...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525125/relationship-between-female-university-students-knowledge-on-menstruation-and-their-menstrual-hygiene-practices-a-study-in-tamale-ghana
#3
Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Helene Akpene Garti
Positive perception about menstruation and good menstrual hygiene practice safeguards the health of postpubescent females by reducing their vulnerability to reproductive and urinary tract infections. Using a questionnaire, a cross-sectional study involving 293 randomly selected female undergraduate students in northern Ghana assessed the relationship between knowledge on menstruation and the practice of safe menstrual hygiene. Data collected was analyzed using GraphPad 5.01. This study found that although majority of respondents (73...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516908/the-comparison-of-dietary-behaviors-among-rural-controlled-and-uncontrolled-hypertensive-patients
#4
Aziz Kamran, Ali Akbar Shekarchi, Elham Sharifian, Heshmatolah Heydari
Nutrition is a dominant peripheral factor in increasing blood pressure; however, little information is available about the nutritional status of hypertensive patients in Iran. This study aimed to compare nutritional behaviors of the rural controlled and uncontrolled hypertensive patients and to determine the predictive power of nutritional behaviors from blood pressure. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 671 rural hypertensive patients, using multistage random sampling method in Ardabil city in 2013...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478644/epidemiology-of-cancers-in-kashmir-india-an-analysis-of-hospital-data
#5
Mariya A Qurieshi, S M Salim Khan, Muneer A Masoodi, Uruj Qurieshi, Quratul Ain, Yasmeen Jan, Inaamul Haq, Sheikh Zahoor Ahmad
Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. The aim of the present study was to measure the pattern of different cancers in Kashmir, India, a cancer belt with peculiar cancer profile. A hospital based cancer registry was started by the Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, in January 2006, wherein information was collected from cancer patients who were diagnosed and treated in the hospital. Data has been analysed for a period extending from January 2006 to December 2012...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462472/dengue-deaths-associated-factors-and-length-of-hospital-stay
#6
S Pooransingh, S Teelucksingh, I Dialsingh
Background. Dengue continues to pose a public health problem globally. Objective. To review factors associated with patients who died from dengue in Trinidad. Methods. A retrospective case note review of hospitalized patients who died during 2001 to 2010. Results. A total of 23 cases were identified: 13 males, 10 females-12 East Indians, 9 Africans, and 2 unknown. More than half (n = 17) were over 40 years of age with 10 being over 60 years of age; three were children. A falling platelet count was observed in 16 while 18 patients had a low normal haematocrit...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403343/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-primary-school-children-aged-8-13-years-in-dar-es-salaam-city-tanzania
#7
Ismail N Pangani, Festus K Kiplamai, Jane W Kamau, Vincent O Onywera
Background. The understanding of obesity as a growing health problem in Africa and Tanzania in particular is hampered by lack of data as well as sociocultural beliefs in which overweight and obesity are revered. This study sought to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children aged 8-13 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Method. A cross-sectional analytical research design was used to study overweight and obesity in primary schools in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The target population was 150,000 children aged 8-13 years...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119025/evaluation-of-quality-and-readability-of-health-information-websites-identified-through-india-s-major-search-engines
#8
S Raj, V L Sharma, A J Singh, S Goel
Background. The available health information on websites should be reliable and accurate in order to make informed decisions by community. This study was done to assess the quality and readability of health information websites on World Wide Web in India. Methods. This cross-sectional study was carried out in June 2014. The key words "Health" and "Information" were used on search engines "Google" and "Yahoo." Out of 50 websites (25 from each search engines), after exclusion, 32 websites were evaluated. LIDA tool was used to assess the quality whereas the readability was assessed using Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), and SMOG...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989513/inhibitory-effect-of-the-punica-granatum-fruit-extract-on-angiotensin-ii-type-i-receptor-and-thromboxane-b2-in-endothelial-cells-induced-by-plasma-from-preeclamptic-patients
#9
Widya Kusumawati, Kusnarman Keman, Setyawati Soeharto
This study aims to evaluate whether the Punica granatum fruit extract modulates the Angiotensin-II Type I receptor (AT1-R) and thromboxane B2 level in endothelial cells induced by plasma from preeclamptic patients. Endothelial cells were obtained from human umbilical vascular endothelial cells. At confluence, endothelial cells were divided into five groups, which included endothelial cells exposed to 2% plasma from normal pregnancy (NP), endothelial cells exposed to 2% plasma from preeclamptic patients (PP), and endothelial cells exposed to PP in the presence of ethanolic extract of Punica granatum (PP + PG) at the following three doses: 14; 28; and 56 ppm...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933512/examining-implementation-of-tobacco-control-policy-at-the-district-level-a-case-study-analysis-from-a-high-burden-state-in-india
#10
Divya Persai, Rajmohan Panda, Adyya Gupta
Introduction. While extensive scientific evidence exists on the tobacco epidemic, a lack of understanding of both policies and their appropriate way of implementation continues to hinder effective tobacco control. This is especially so in the developing countries such as India. The present study aims to understand current implementation practices and the challenges faced in mainstreaming tobacco control policy and program. Methods. We chose a qualitative study design to conduct the case analysis. A total of 42 in-depth interviews were undertaken with seven district officials in six districts of Andhra Pradesh...
2016: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779349/relationship-between-alcohol-consumption-and-components-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-adult-population-from-maracaibo-city-venezuela
#11
Valmore Bermúdez, María Sofía Martínez, Mervin Chávez-Castillo, Luis Carlos Olivar, Jessenia Morillo, José Carlos Mejías, Milagros Rojas, Juan Salazar, Joselyn Rojas, Roberto Añez, Mayela Cabrera
Introduction. Although the relationships between alcohol and disorders such as cancer and liver disease have been thoroughly researched, its effects on cardiometabolic health remain controversial. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the association between alcohol consumption, the Metabolic Syndrome (MS), and its components in our locality. Materials and Methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional study with randomized, multistaged sampling, which included 2,230 subjects of both genders. Two previously determined population-specific alcohol consumption pattern classifications were utilized in each gender: daily intake quartiles and conglomerates yielded by cluster analysis...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779348/predictors-of-delay-in-seeking-health-care-among-myocardial-infarction-patients-minia-district-egypt
#12
Eman Ramadan Ghazawy, Amany Edward Seedhom, Eman Mohamed Mahfouz
Objectives. To determine the barriers that hinder early seeking of medical care among Minia's myocardial infarction patients. Methods. The study was based on individual interviews with 207 men and women with a first confirmed myocardial infarction (MI), admitted to the coronary care units of hospitals in Minia city in the period from April 1 to August 30, 2014. Data was collected via structured questionnaire and patient medical charts. The delay was evaluated by assisting patients to triangulate time of symptom onset and time of professional health care by placing both times in context of daily activities that participants could easily remember...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26770834/eeg-derived-neuronal-dynamics-during-meditation-progress-and-challenges
#13
REVIEW
Chamandeep Kaur, Preeti Singh
Meditation advances positivity but how these behavioral and psychological changes are brought can be explained by understanding neurophysiological effects of meditation. In this paper, a broad spectrum of neural mechanics under a variety of meditation styles has been reviewed. The overall aim of this study is to review existing scientific studies and future challenges on meditation effects based on changing EEG brainwave patterns. Albeit the existing researches evidenced the hold for efficacy of meditation in relieving anxiety and depression and producing psychological well-being, more rigorous studies are required with better design, considering client variables like personality characteristics to avoid negative effects, randomized controlled trials, and large sample sizes...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26697231/risk-factors-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-high-school-students-in-bahir-dar-city-north-west-ethiopia-school-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Molla Gedefaw, Kidist Nigatu Tekletsadek, Meseret Tsegaye, Dagmawi Alemu
Background. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for diet-related noncommunicable diseases. These diseases are the fifth leading risks for global deaths. Virtually, all age groups are affected from consequences of overweight and obesity. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 431 school adolescents. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire and physical measurements. The sex and age specific BMI was computed using WHO Anthroplus software and the data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664750/-healthometer-an-aid-in-advancing-preventive-medicine-media-revolution
#15
REVIEW
Erik Trell
Subjective wellbeing is an important issue on the preventive medicine and political agenda and for mutual communication, information, and interaction in society and its individuals "requires new tools for measuring phenomena previously believed unmeasurable, as well as conceptual frameworks for interpreting such measurements…considering both happiness and misery." The task is difficult, however, due to the great span of parameters and variables of age and gender, settings, socioeconomic conditions, wellness and illness, activities and functions, roles and habits, thoughts and feelings, and experiences and expectations involved over the panorama...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550495/eating-behaviours-of-british-university-students-a-cluster-analysis-on-a-neglected-issue
#16
Jina Tanton, Lorna J Dodd, Lorayne Woodfield, Mzwandile Mabhala
Unhealthy diet is a primary risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. University student populations are known to engage in health risking lifestyle behaviours including risky eating behaviours. The purpose of this study was to examine eating behaviour patterns in a population of British university students using a two-step cluster analysis. Consumption prevalence of snack, convenience, and fast foods in addition to fruit and vegetables was measured using a self-report "Student Eating Behaviours" questionnaire on 345 undergraduate university students...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550494/cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infection-from-an-infection-prevention-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Sangeeta Sastry, Riaz Rahman, Mohamed H Yassin
A cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) is indicated for patients with severely reduced ejection fraction or with life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. Infection related to a CIED is one of the most feared complications of this life-saving device. The rate of CIED infection has been estimated to be between 2 and 25; though evidence shows that this rate continues to rise with increasing expenditure to the patient as well as healthcare systems. Multiple risk factors have been attributed to the increased rates of CIED infection and host comorbidities as well as procedure related risks...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26543649/psychosocial-predictors-for-cancer-prevention-behaviors-in-workplace-using-protection-motivation-theory
#18
Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Maryam Zare, Mehrdad Mostaghaci, Amir Houshang Mehrparvar, Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Elham Naghshineh
Backgrounds. The aim of this study was to describe the preventive behaviors of industrial workers and factors influencing occupational cancer prevention behaviors using protection motivation theory. Methods. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 161 petrochemical workers in Iran in 2014 which consisted of three sections: background information, protection motivation theory measures, and occupational cancers preventive behaviors. Results. A statistically significant positive correlation was found between PM and self-efficacy, response efficacy, and the cancer preventive behaviors...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451258/comment-on-effects-of-yoga-on-utero-fetal-placental-circulation-in-high-risk-pregnancy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Siddharudha Shivalli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26435851/novel-longitudinal-and-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-hands-on-cooking-and-nutrition-education-versus-traditional-clinical-education-among-627-medical-students
#20
Dominique J Monlezun, Benjamin Leong, Esther Joo, Andrew G Birkhead, Leah Sarris, Timothy S Harlan
Background. Physicians are inadequately equipped to respond to the global obesity and nutrition-associated chronic disease epidemics. We investigated superiority of simulation-based medical education with deliberate practice (SBME-DP) hands-on cooking and nutrition elective in a medical school-based teaching kitchen versus traditional clinical education for medical students. Materials and Methods. A 59-question panel survey was distributed to an entire medical school twice annually from September 2012 to May 2014...
2015: Advances in Preventive Medicine
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