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Asian Journal of Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484574/neurosurgery-under-siege-stories-from-aleppo-and-the-syrian-war-a-narrative-article
#1
Fakhr Fakhouri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484573/hiv-associated-lymphoma-presenting-with-painful-ophthalmoplegia
#2
Satoru Takeuchi, Shotaro Hagiwara, Hiroshi Nawashiro, Katsuji Shima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484572/valsalva-maneuver-aided-adherent-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-removal
#3
Rudrashish Haldar, Ratnadip Bose, Sukhen Samanta, Kuntal K Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484571/management-of-intracranial-epidermoid-tumor
#4
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484570/gliomatosis-cerebri-in-a-10-year-old-male-patient
#5
Atahualpa Strapasson, Ápio Cláudio Martins Antunes, Francine Oliveira, Paulo P Oppitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484569/hunter-s-syndrome-and-the-airway-implications-for-the-anesthesiologist-a-correspondence
#6
Nilay Chatterjee, Josemine Davis, Arimanickam Ganesamoorthi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484568/concurrent-multiple-intracranial-and-intramedullary-conus-tuberculoma-a-rare-case-report
#7
Manish Jaiswal, Ashok Gandhi, Devendra Purohit, Radhey Shyam Mittal
Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis commonly manifests as tubercular meningitis. CNS tuberculomas are more common intracranially and less frequently involve the spinal cord. Combination of intramedullary with intracranial tuberculomas is extremely rare. We report a case of concurrent occurrence of intramedullary tuberculoma with multiple intracranial tuberculomas in a young 16-year-old boy, who presented with two weeks history of paresthesias and weakness of the lower limbs and diminution of vision in left eye, who had been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484567/clival-defect-causing-primary-spontaneous-rhinorrhea
#8
Vivek Tandon, Kanwaljeet Garg, Ashish Suri, Ajay Garg
Primary cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea due to a defect in clivus is an extremely rare entity, till date only four such cases are reported in the world literature. We present a case of 55-year-old female who presented with primary spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea, for which endonasal surgery was performed about 9 years back. Patient developed recurrent CSF leak with a history of meningitis. Repeat imaging showed clival defect causing CSF leak. Transsphenoidal repair was performed under neuronavigation. In this paper, we discuss the possible mechanism of fistula formation and literature is reviewed...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484566/unusual-presentation-of-an-intraventricular-hydatid-cyst-as-a-bleeding-cystic-tumor-a-case-report-and-brief-review
#9
Sumyra Khurshid Qadri, Nissar Hussain Hamdani, Abdul Rashid Bhat, Mohammad Iqbal Lone
Hydatid cysts constitute only 2% of all intracranial masses, commonly involve parenchyma and very rarely ventricles. Here, we report an unusual case of a primary, isolated intraventricular hydatid cyst that mimicked a tumor and presented as intraventricular hemorrhage with hydrocephalus in a boy, causing a diagnostic dilemma. Although, preoperative modalities like computed tomography, magnetic resonance image and serology generally help in establishing the diagnosis, but hydatid cysts with unusual localizations and atypical imaging findings may complicate the diagnosis and need be considered in the differential diagnosis of all cystic masses in all anatomic locations, especially in endemic areas, so as to reduce the patient morbidity and mortality...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484565/multiple-spinal-extradural-arachnoidal-cysts-an-uncommon-cause-of-thoracic-cord-compression
#10
Raghavendra Nayak, Anupkumar Chaudhuri, Shahid Sadique, Sanjeev Attry
Spinal extradural arachnoid cysts are one of the rare causes of symptomatic spinal cord compression. Among them, occurrence of multiple cysts at the same spinal segment is rarely described in the literature. They appear to be extradural outpouchings of arachnoid that communicate with the intraspinal sub-arachnoid space through a small defect in the dura, filled by cerebrospinal fluid. Pathogenesis of these lesions is still unclear. Surgical excision is considered as the gold standard treatment. We present a 7-year-old female child who presented with spastic paraparesis...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484564/hydatid-cysts-in-the-right-temporalis-muscle-an-exceptional-clinical-scenario
#11
Sanjeev Attry, Raghavendra Nayak, S K Saha, S N Ghosh
Hydatid diseases is a parasitic infestation of human and herbivorous animals caused by a cestode, Echinococcus granulosus, which resides in the intestine of definitive hosts like dogs and some wild carnivores like foxes. Liver and lung are commonly involved organs and involvement of muscles and bones is very unusual. Hydatid cyst of the temporalis muscle is extremely rare, even in the countries where echinococcal infestation is endemic. We report a case of 23-year-old female patient with a cystic swelling in the right temporalis muscle which turned out to be hydatid cysts...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484563/primary-hydatid-cyst-of-pineal-region-of-brain-a-case-report-from-saudi-arabia
#12
Ahmed Bakhsh, Khalid Mukarram Ali Siddiqui, Suad Taraif
Preoperative diagnosis of cerebral echinococcosis in an unusual location is always difficult. Nonetheless, this possibility should be kept in mind in all cystic lesions of the brain. Although total excision of the cyst without rupture is a time - tested treatment, but in order to prevent recurrence, adjuvant medical treatment should also be started. Albendazole, mebenadazole and praziquental are commonly used drugs. Albendazole is a drug of choice. Its usual dose for adults is 400 mg twice daily. Exact duration of treatment is still uncertain, but it should not be <6 months...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484562/giant-convexity-chondroma-with-dural-involvement-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Venkatesh Raju, Raju Raman, Balamurugan Shanmugasundaram, Indunesh Kochikaran
Intracranial chondromas are rare benign cartilaginous tumors arising usually from the skull base. We present a case of giant chondroma with dural attachment. Imaging modalities and management pearls are discussed. A brief review of literature is also presented.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484561/tranexamic-acid-may-be-beneficial-for-difficult-hemostasis-following-tumor-resection-in-neurosurgical-patients-a-personal-experience
#14
Hemant Bhagat, Bhupesh Kumar, Neha Garg, Rajesh Chhabra
Neurosurgeons may find themself in a precarious situation, while unable to secure hemostasis following tumor resection. Use of tranexamic acid was helpful in our patient to secure complete hemostasis in one such event of uncontrollable bleeding.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484560/a-unique-case-of-split-cord-malformation-type-1-with-three-different-types-of-bony-spurs
#15
Kanwaljeet Garg, Vivek Tandon, Ashok Kumar Mahapatra
Split cord malformation (SCM) is a rare congenital anomaly. The presence of bony spurs seen in type 1 SCM are usually partial and unequivocally are found attached to the dorsal surface of the vertebral body. We present here a unique case of SCM where the bony spur was found attached to the ventral aspect of the posterior arch and there were three different types of spurs (Type 1A, 1B and 1C) in the same patient.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484559/exophytic-pontine-glioblastoma-multiforme-presenting-as-cerebellopontine-angle-mass
#16
Sukhdeep Singh Jhawar, Garewal Singh Sarvpreet, T N Shadangi
Exophytic pontine glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant tumor of posterior fossa, which is quite rare and such tumor presenting as cerebellopontine (CP) angle mass is even rarer. Here, we describe a 12-year-old boy who presented with imbalance on walking and facial nerve paresis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed an irregular ring enhancing mass lesion of the CP angle, which was initially thought to be a tuberculoma, but was later confirmed to be a GBM. Clinical and radiological differentiation of uncommon lesions of CP angle in children is discussed with brief review of pertaining literature...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484558/parieto-temporal-pleomorphic-xanthoastrocytoma-in-a-black-african-child
#17
Aaron Musara, Kazadi K Kalangu, Maximillan N Dzowa, Wilfred Muteweye, Rudo Mutasa
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a rare cerebral tumor, accounting for <1% of all astrocytic neoplasms. PXA, usually, has a favorable prognosis in spite of what might be suggested from the ominous microscopic appearance. There is no literature immediately available on the black population for this tumor. Management is by surgical resection. The ideal is gross total resection, which offers an excellent prognosis. This disease condition has not been reported in the black population. The following is a presentation of a case report in a black African girl, followed by a review of the literature...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484557/corpus-callosum-dermoid-cyst-a-rare-entity
#18
Sunita Singh, Promil Jain, Hemant Yadav, Ishwar Singh, Rajeev Sen
Dermoid cyst is a congenital lesion that arises due to embryogenic impairment. It accounts for less than 0.3% of all intracranial masses. Herein we report a 30-year-old male who presented with a short history of headache and behavioral disorder. Physical and radiological examination diagnosed it to be a lipoma/epidermoid arising from corpus callosum. The lesion was removed endoscopically and histopathologic examination was performed which confirmed it to be a dermoid cyst. Rarity of the lesion and difficulty in pre-operative diagnosis prompted us to bring forward this case report...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484556/clear-cell-meningioma-intraoperative-diagnosis-by-squash-cytology-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Vaishali Walke, Shantilal M Sisodia, Sanjay Bijwe, Purwa Patil
Clear-cell meningioma (CCM), an unusual subset of meningioma has prominent, clear-cell morphology. It is a wolf in sheep's clothing characterized by benign histologic attributes, but tendency for recurrence (61%) and metastasis. Therefore, WHO has classified it as grade II meningioma. Fine-needle aspiration cytology diagnosis is simple, rapid, cost-effective and reliable procedure primarily aimed at preoperative diagnosis of advanced and metastatic extracranial tumor. Preoperative and/or intraoperative cytodiagnosis of CCM demand expertise in the evaluation of cytology smears...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484555/a-rare-case-of-solid-calcified-intramedullary-neurenteric-cyst-case-report-and-technical-note
#20
Krishna Chaitanya Joshi, Daljit Singh, Sudhir Suggala, Tushit Mewada
Neurenteric cysts are rare lesions of the spinal cord, constituting less than 1.3% of all spinal cord tumors. Approximately 90% of neurenteric cysts are located in the intradural extramedullary compartment, while the remaining 10% are divided between an intradural intramedullary or extradural location. They are usually extramedullary and found in the lower cervical and thoracic spine. We report a case of 8 year old child with totally solid calcified intramedullary cyst which has hitherto not been reported in literature...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
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