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Chonnam Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689034/a-case-of-acute-pyelonephritis-in-bilateral-renal-malrotation
#1
Ha Yeon Kim, Seung Jin Lee, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689033/extreme-metabolic-alkalosis-caused-by-gastrostomy-tube-malposition-treated-using-conventional-hemodialysis
#2
Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689032/association-between-vitamin-d-status-and-risk-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-the-dong-gu-study
#3
Su-Hyun Oh, Sun-Seog Kweon, Jin-Su Choi, Jung-Ae Rhee, Young-Hoon Lee, Hae-Sung Nam, Seul-Ki Jeong, Kyeong-Soo Park, So-Yeon Ryu, Seong-Woo Choi, Min-Ho Shin
Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. However, few studies have evaluated the association between vitamin D status and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We therefore aimed to investigate whether low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with increased risk of PAD in the Korean population. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 8,960 subjects aged 50 years or older without known myocardial infarction or stroke. PAD was defined by an ankle brachial blood pressure index <0...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689031/diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-varicocele-a-survey-of-pediatric-urologists-in-korea
#4
Tae Ho Lee, Jay Ho Jung, Young Kwon Hong
The aim of this study was to evaluate current practice patterns on diagnosis and management of pediatric varicoceles. Questionnaires of approaches to diagnosis and management of pediatric varicoceles were sent electronically to pediatric urologists. Of the 70 questionnaires e-mailed, 37 (53%) responded to the survey. 10 respondents (27%) chose to operate on varicoceles, whereas 9 (24%) chose to observe, and 18 (49%) chose to decide upon treatment depending on the clinical situation. The most important indication for varicocelectomy was a decrease in ipsilateral testicular size (n=29, 78%) followed by testicular or scrotal pain (n=4, 11%) and varicocele grade (n=4, 11%)...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689030/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-gene-expression-and-its-association-with-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Mehdi Hatami, Massoud Saidijam, Reza Yadegarzari, Shiva Borzuei, Alireza Soltanian, Marzieh Safi Arian, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi
Regulation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) gene plays an important role in controlling the metabolism of lipids and inflammatory processes. Therefore, it can be associated with the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The purpose of this study was to determine the expression of this gene in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in patients with metabolic syndrome. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), mRNA expression of PPAR-γ was found in PBMC from 37 subjects with MetS and 30 healthy controls...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689029/clinical-usefulness-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-in-glaucoma-and-naion
#6
REVIEW
Tae Hee Lee, Hwan Heo, Sang Woo Park
The development of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has changed the clinical management of ophthalmic diseases by furthering the understanding of pathogenesis, as well as improving the monitoring of their progression and assisting in quantifying the response to treatment modalities in ophthalmic diseases. Initially, the two-dimensional configuration of the optic nerve head (ONH) and the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) were the main OCT structural parameters used in clinical management of optic nerve diseases...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689028/cutaneous-melanoma-in-asians
#7
REVIEW
Sang Yub Kim, Sook Jung Yun
Malignant melanoma is a rare disease in Asians but potentially the most aggressive form of skin cancer worldwide. It can occur in any melanocyte-containing anatomic site. Four main cutaneous melanoma subtypes are recognized: lentigo maligna melanoma, superficial spreading melanoma, acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM), and nodular melanoma. Generally, excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation increases the risk of melanoma. The exception is ALM, which is the most common melanoma subtype in Asians and is not associated with UV radiation...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689027/targeted-cancer-therapy-using-engineered-salmonella-typhimurium
#8
REVIEW
Jin Hai Zheng, Jung-Joon Min
Obligate or facultative anaerobic bacteria such as Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Salmonella, or Escherichia coli specifically colonize and proliferate inside tumor tissues and inhibit tumor growth. Among them, attenuated Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) has been widely studied in animal cancer models and Phase I clinical trials in human patients. S. typhimurium genes are easily manipulated; thus diverse attenuated strains of S. typhimurium have been designed and engineered as tumor-targeting therapeutics or drug delivery vehicles that show both an excellent safety profile and therapeutic efficacy in mouse models...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689026/second-generation-antipsychotics-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Sheng-Min Wang, Changsu Han, Soo-Jung Lee, Tae-Youn Jun, Ashwin A Patkar, Prakash S Masand, Chi-Un Pae
Less than one third of patients who suffer from major depressive disorder (MDD) report remission following antidepressant treatments requiring more diverse treatment approaches. Augmentation of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has been increasingly recognized as an important treatment option. The authors have previously provided a comprehensive review of SGAs for the treatment of MDD in 2013. Since then, numerous additional clinical trials have been conducted to investigate diverse issues regarding the utility of SGAs in MDD...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689025/circulating-tumor-cell-and-cell-free-circulating-tumor-dna-in-lung-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Fariz Nurwidya, Jamal Zaini, Andika Chandra Putra, Sita Andarini, Achmad Hudoyo, Elisna Syahruddin, Faisal Yunus
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells that are separated from the primary site or metastatic lesion and disseminate in blood circulation. CTCs are considered to be part of the long process of cancer metastasis. As a 'liquid biopsy', CTC molecular examination and investigation of single cancer cells create an important opportunity for providing an understanding of cancer biology and the process of metastasis. In the last decade, we have seen dramatic development in defining the role of CTCs in lung cancer in terms of diagnosis, genomic alteration determination, treatment response and, finally, prognosis prediction...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689024/-123-i-meta-iodobenzylguanidine-sympathetic-imaging-standardization-and-application-to-neurological-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Kenichi Nakajima, Masahito Yamada
(123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) has become widely applied in Japan since its introduction to clinical cardiology and neurology practice in the 1990s. Neurological studies found decreased cardiac uptake of (123)I-MIBG in Lewy-body diseases including Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Thus, cardiac MIBG uptake is now considered a biomarker of Lewy body diseases. Although scintigraphic images of (123)I-MIBG can be visually interpreted, an average count ratio of heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) has commonly served as a semi-quantitative marker of sympathetic activity...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231681/renal-cell-carcinoma-recognized-incidentally-during-long-term-lithium-treatment
#12
Jong Hwan Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231680/severe-ketoacidosis-in-a-patient-with-an-eating-disorder
#13
Eun Hui Bae, Hyoung Lho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231679/frequency-of-diabetes-and-thyroid-autoantibodies-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-siblings
#14
Ka Young Oh, Yun Hee Kim, Eun Mi Yang, Chan Jong Kim
The aim of this study was to better understand the frequency of autoimmune thyroid and diabetes antibodies in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) compared with their siblings. Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA), islet cell antibodies (ICA), insulin autoantibodies (IAA), and thyroid autoantibodies were studied in all subjects. The rates of positive GADA and IAA were significantly higher in probands compared to in siblings (p<0.001) or controls (p<0.001). All pancreatic autoantibodies were not significantly different between the siblings and the healthy controls...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231678/comparative-effects-of-statin-therapy-versus-renin-angiotensin-system-blocking-therapy-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-failure-who-underwent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#15
Jumin Won, Young Joon Hong, Myung Ho Jeong, Hyuk Jin Park, Min Chul Kim, Woo Jin Kim, Hyun Kuk Kim, Doo Sun Sim, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Jeong Gwan Cho, Jong Chun Park
Statins and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers are key drugs for treating patients with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study was designed to show the association between treatment with statins or RAS blockers and clinical outcomes and the efficacy of two drug combination therapies in patients with ischemic heart failure (IHF) who underwent revascularization for an AMI. A total of 804 AMI patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction <40% who undertook percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) were analyzed using the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR)...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231677/ureteral-stent-insertion-in-the-management-of-renal-colic-during-pregnancy
#16
Chang Il Choi, Young Dong Yu, Dong Soo Park
To determine an optimal invasive intervention for renal colic patients during pregnancy after conservative treatments have been found to be unhelpful. Among the available invasive interventions, we investigated the reliability of a ureteral stent insertion, which is considered the least invasive intervention during pregnancy. Between June 2006 and February 2015, a total of 826 pregnant patients came to the emergency room or urology outpatient department, and 39 of these patients had renal colic. The mean patient age was 30...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231676/the-prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-the-determinants-of-underdiagnosis-in-women-exposed-to-biomass-fuel-in-india-a-cross-section-study
#17
Vinay KalagoudaMahishale, Naveen Angadi, Vjayanand Metgudmath, Mitchelle Lolly, Ajith Eti, Sujeer Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoking has been established as a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in women of developing countries, but emerging evidence suggests that biomass fuel is an important risk factor as well. The primary objective of the study was to find the true prevalence of COPD in Indian women exposed to biomass fuel using spirometry. We also aimed to find the determinants of underdiagnosis of COPD in these participants. METHODS: Women with a history of exposure to biomass fuel for >10 years were screened for COPD using spirometry following all standard protocols as per GOLD/ATS/ERS definitions...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231675/the-relationship-between-anger-expression-and-its-indices-and-oral-lichen-planus
#18
Masoumeh Mehdipour, Ali Taghavi Zenouz, Alireza Farnam, Rana Attaran, Sara Farhang, Maryam Safarnavadeh, Narges Gholizadeh, Saranaz Azari-Marhabi
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common inflammatory disease with unknown etiology. Depression, stress and anxiety are psychological factors that their influence on the expression of lichen planus by affecting the immune system's function has been confirmed. There is a probable relationship between anger and OLP expression. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the association of "anger" and OLP. In this descriptive study 95 subjects were included in 3 groups. A: patients with oral lichen planus, B: positive control, C: negative control...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231674/evidence-based-medicine-versus-the-conventional-approach-to-journal-club-sessions-which-one-is-more-successful-in-teaching-critical-appraisal-skills
#19
Mostafa Alavi-Moghaddam, Shahram Yazdani, Fathie Mortazavi, Samira Chichi, Seyed-Mostafa Hosseini-Zijoud
This study aimed to compare evidence-based medicine (EBM) vs. conventional approaches to journal club sessions in teaching critical appraisal skills in reading papers by emergency medicine residents. This double cut off discontinuation regression quasi-experimental study was conducted among emergency medicine residents. EBM vs. the conventional approach were applied to teach critical appraisal skills for half of the residents as an experimental group and another half as a control group respectively. Both groups participated in one hour monthly journal club sessions for six months...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231673/evaluation-of-arterial-stiffness-by-echocardiography-methodological-aspects
#20
REVIEW
Jae Yeong Cho, Kye Hun Kim
As humans age, degenerative changes in the arterial structure gradually progress and result in the stiffening of the arteries, which is called arteriosclerosis. Arterial stiffness is now an established risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This stiffening has adverse effects for both the general population as well as for patients with CVD. Measurements of pulse wave velocity and pulse wave analysis are the two most commonly used methods in the evaluation of arterial stiffness, but these methods just allow indirect measures of arterial stiffness...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
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