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European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

Bernhard Rauch, Constantinos H Davos, Patrick Doherty, Daniel Saure, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Annett Salzwedel, Heinz Völler, Katrin Jensen, Jean-Paul Schmid
BACKGROUND: The prognostic effect of multi-component cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in the modern era of statins and acute revascularisation remains controversial. Focusing on actual clinical practice, the aim was to evaluate the effect of CR on total mortality and other clinical endpoints after an acute coronary event. DESIGN: Structured review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), retrospective controlled cohort studies (rCCSs) and prospective controlled cohort studies (pCCSs) evaluating patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or mixed populations with coronary artery disease (CAD) were included, provided the index event was in 1995 or later...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Tina Karjalainen, Martin Adiels, Lena Björck, Marie-Therèse Cooney, Ian Graham, Joep Perk, Annika Rosengren, Stefan Söderberg, Mats Eliasson
BACKGROUND: Risk prediction models for cardiovascular death are important for providing advice on lifestyle and in decision-making regarding primary preventive drug treatment. The latest Swedish version of the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE 2015) has yet not been tested in the population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of high and very high risk of fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD) of the current population according to 2015 SCORE Sweden and to evaluate the predictive accuracy of the 2003 Swedish version of SCORE (2003 SCORE Sweden) and 2015 SCORE Sweden in a population with declining CVD mortality...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Giuseppe D Sanna, Stefano L Masia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Ioannis Kyrou, Natasa Kollia, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Constantine Tsigos, Harpal S Randeva, Mary Yannakoulia, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Charalabos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress frequently manifests with anxiety and/or depressive symptomatology and may have detrimental cardiometabolic effects over time. As such, recognising the potential links between stress-related psychological disorders and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is becoming increasingly important in cardiovascular epidemiology research. The primary aim of this study was to explore prospectively potential associations between clinically relevant depressive symptomatology and anxiety levels and the 10-year CVD incidence among apparently healthy Greek adults...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Guy De Backer, Lars Rydén, Catriona Jennings, Viveca Gyberg, Ana Abreu, Carlos Aguiar, Almudena C Conde, Kairat Davletov, Mirza Dilic, Maryna Dolzhenko, Dan Gaita, Borislav Georgiev, Nina Gotcheva, Nebojsa Lalic, Aleksandras Laucevicius, Dragan Lovic, Silvia Mancas, Davor Miličić, Raphael Oganov, Andrzej Pajak, Nana Pogosova, Željko Reiner, Dusko Vulic, David Wood, On Behalf Of The Euroaspire Investigators
BACKGROUND: European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) IV in primary care was a cross-sectional survey carried out by the European Society of Cardiology, EURObservational Research Programme in 2014-2015 in 71 centres from 14 European countries. The main objective was to determine whether the 2012 Joint European Societies' guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in people at high CVD risk have been followed in clinical practice...
September 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Gali Cohen, Ilan Levy, Yuval, Jeremy D Kark, Noam Levin, David M Broday, David M Steinberg, Yariv Gerber
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested a carcinogenic effect of exposure to traffic-related air pollution. Recently, higher rates of cancer incidence were observed among myocardial infarction survivors compared with the general population. We examined the association between chronic exposure to nitrogen oxides, a proxy measure for traffic-related air pollution, and cancer incidence and mortality in a cohort of myocardial infarction patients. METHODS: Patients aged ≤65 years admitted to hospital in central Israel with a first myocardial infarction in 1992-1993 were followed to 2013 for cancer incidence and cause-specific mortality...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Handrean Soran, Safwaan Adam, Paul N Durrington
BACKGROUND: Assessed by number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one event, it was previously shown that for those at similar atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, the benefit accruing from treating people with higher cholesterol levels with statins is greater than for those with lower levels. METHOD: By estimating NNT from both the absolute atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk and the pre-treatment low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentration, recent recommendations for fixed dose high and moderate intensity statin treatment in the primary and secondary prevention of CVD were compared with cholesterol-lowering therapy aimed at a target LDL-C...
September 8, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Marco Guazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Massimo F Piepoli, Ugo Corrà, Paul Dendale, Ines Frederix, Eva Prescott, Jean Paul Schmid, Margaret Cupples, Christi Deaton, Patrick Doherty, Pantaleo Giannuzzi, Ian Graham, Tina Birgitte Hansen, Catriona Jennings, Ulf Landmesser, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Christiaan Vrints, David Walker, Héctor Bueno, Donna Fitzsimons, Antonio Pelliccia
Worldwide, each year more than 7 million people experience myocardial infarction, in which one-year mortality rates are now in the range of 10%, but vary with patient characteristics. The consequences are even more dramatic: among patients who survive, 20% suffer a second cardiovascular event in the first year and approximately 50% of major coronary events occur in those with a previous hospital discharge diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease.The people behind these numbers spur this call for action. Prevention after myocardial infarction is crucial to reduce risk and suffering...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Christof Prugger, Jürgen Wellmann, Jan Heidrich, Dirk De Bacquer, Delphine De Smedt, Guy De Backer, Željko Reiner, Jean-Philippe Empana, Zlatko Fras, Dan Gaita, Catriona Jennings, Kornelia Kotseva, David Wood, Ulrich Keil
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise lowers the risk of cardiovascular death in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. We aimed to investigate regular exercise behaviour and intention in relation to symptoms of anxiety and depression in CHD patients across Europe. DESIGN: This study was based on a multicentre cross-sectional survey. METHODS: In the EUROpean Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention through Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) III survey, 8966 CHD patients <80 years of age from 22 European countries were interviewed on average 15 months after hospitalisation...
September 1, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Liv Mundal, Marit B Veierød, Thomas Halvorsen, Kirsten B Holven, Leiv Ose, Per Ole Iversen, Grethe S Tell, Trond P Leren, Kjetil Retterstøl
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolaemia increases the risk for cardiovascular disease. The primary aim of the present study was to describe sex differences in incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular disease leading to hospitalisation in a complete cohort of genotyped familial hypercholesterolaemia patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this registry study data on 5538 patients with verified genotyped familial hypercholesterolaemia were linked to data on all Norwegian cardiovascular disease hospitalisations, and hospitalisations due to pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, congenital heart defects and diabetes...
August 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Bianca de Almeida-Pititto, Fernando Flexa Ribeiro-Filho, Itamar S Santos, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Bensenor, Sandra Rg Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the association of adiponectin concentration with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in middle-aged participants of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) without diabetes or cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses. METHODS: A sample of 687 individuals (35-54 years old) without diabetes or cardiovascular disease was stratified into two categories according to CIMT (< or ≥ 75th percentile)...
August 22, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Jörn F Dopheide, Jennifer Rubrech, Amelie Trumpp, Philipp Geissler, Geraldine C Zeller, Boris Schnorbus, Frank Schmidt, Tommaso Gori, Thomas Münzel, Christine Espinola-Klein
BACKGROUND: Arteriogenesis is promoted by flow- and pressure-related forces such as tangential wall stress and laminar shear stress. Exercise training (ET) is known to promote arteriogenesis in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients. It remains unclear whether supervised ET (SET) promotes arteriogenesis more efficiently than non-SET (nSET). METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty PAD patients participated in a SET or nSET training programme (n = 20 each) and were compared to 20 healthy individuals without any history of cardiovascular events...
August 22, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Holger Cramer, Jost Langhorst, Gustav Dobos, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is the most important risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and perform a meta-analysis of the effects of yoga on the parameters of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and IndMED were searched and screened from their inception through to 8 March 2016 for randomised controlled trials on yoga for patients with metabolic syndrome...
August 22, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Pablo Perel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Mika Ala-Korpela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Jay Thakkar, Julie Redfern, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone text message interventions are used to support behaviour change including physical activity, but we have less insight into how these interventions work and what factors predict response. AIMS: To study the effect of TEXT ME (Tobacco EXercise and dieT Messages) text message intervention on physical activity domains, consistency of effects across sub-groups and its additive value in patients that received traditional cardiac rehabilitation programme...
August 10, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Janet Wei, Margo Minissian, C Noel Bairey Merz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Jose I Cuende, Adriana Saltijeral, Vicente Estrada, Leopoldo Pérez De Isla
BACKGROUND: Vascular age is a concept that represents the hypothetical age of the cardiovascular system and might be an alternative way of expressing the cardiovascular risk of a patient. The Data Collection on Adverse Effects of Anti-HIV Drugs Study (D:A:D) developed a cardiovascular risk equation from a population of HIV-infected patients, incorporating exposure to individual antiretroviral therapy drugs and traditional classic cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the vascular age calculated from the D:A:D equation, for HIV infected patients...
August 2, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Jos J Kraal, Francesco Sartor, Gabriele Papini, Wim Stut, Niels Peek, Hareld Mc Kemps, Alberto G Bonomi
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of energy expenditure provides an opportunity to monitor physical activity during cardiac rehabilitation. However, the available assessment methods, based on the combination of heart rate (HR) and body movement data, are not applicable for patients using beta-blocker medication. Therefore, we developed an energy expenditure prediction model for beta-blocker-medicated cardiac rehabilitation patients. METHODS: Sixteen male cardiac rehabilitation patients (age: 55...
November 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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