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European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920215/plasma-nt-probnp-mirrors-the-deleterious-cardiovascular-and-renal-continuum-in-hypertension
#1
Pierre-Yves Courand, Brahim Harbaoui, Clément Bècle, Carine Mouly-Bertin, Pierre Lantelme
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were (a) to test the ability of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) to detect subclinical target organ damage (TOD) denoted by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), aortic stiffness or renal damage and (b) to test its reproducibility in two different conditions in an ancillary study. METHODS: The study included 837 patients (50.9% men) with hypertension aged 50 ± 24 years with a median 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) of 148/90 mmHg...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909151/cerebrovascular-disease-associated-risk-factors-and-antithrombotic-therapy-in-a-population-screening-cohort-insights-from-the-belgian-heart-rhythm-week-programme
#2
Marco Proietti, Georges H Mairesse, Peter Goethals, Christophe Scavee, Johan Vijgen, Ivan Blankoff, Yves Vandekerckhove, Gregory Yh Lip
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease confers a major healthcare burden worldwide and is a major cause of death and disability. Several well-established risk factors, such as atrial fibrillation (AF), are associated with cerebrovascular disease and antithrombotic therapy reduces risk. DESIGN: This study was a subgroup analysis from the Belgian Heart Rhythm Week, a nationwide AF awareness programme. METHODS: We studied subjects screened between 2012 and 2014 with available data on clinical risk factors and antithrombotic treatment...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899529/short-term-effects-of-trans-fatty-acids-from-ruminant-and-industrial-sources-on-surrogate-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-healthy-men-and-women-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial
#3
Thomas Radtke, Alexandra Schmid, Anja Trepp, Frieda Dähler, Michael Coslovsky, Prisca Eser, Matthias Wilhelm, Hugo Saner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine short-term effects of trans fatty acid (TFA) intake from ruminant and industrial sources on surrogate markers of cardiovascular risk in the context of a balanced diet with 30-36% of daily energy from fat. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-design study. METHODS: In this study, 142 healthy volunteers aged 45 to 69 years were randomly allocated to three different diets: either a diet enriched with 2% of daily energy intake from ruminant TFA (rTFA) or with industrial TFA (iTFA), or a diet without TFA (wTFA), for a duration of four weeks...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899528/relationship-between-outdoor-temperature-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-older-people
#4
Claudio Sartini, Sarah Je Barry, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee, Gordon DO Lowe, Barbara J Jefferis, Lucy Lennon, Paul Welsh, Ian Ford, Naveed Sattar, Richard W Morris
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that lower outdoor temperatures increase the levels of established cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as blood pressure and lipids. Whether or not low temperatures increase novel cardiovascular disease risk factors levels is not well studied. The aim was to investigate associations of outdoor temperature with a comprehensive range of established and novel cardiovascular disease risk factors in two large Northern European studies of older adults, in whom cardiovascular disease risk is increased...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895211/improvement-in-aerobic-capacity-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-is-there-a-role-for-autonomic-adaptations
#5
Davide Lazzeroni, Paolo Castiglioni, Matteo Bini, Andrea Faini, Umberto Camaiora, Pietro Tito Ugolotti, Claudio Stefano Centorbi, Lorenzo Brambilla, Valerio Brambilla, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Paolo Coruzzi
BACKGROUND: It has been previously shown in patients with heart failure that exercise-based rehabilitation programmes may improve functional capacity and autonomic response. The aim of this study was to investigate this issue further by evaluating whether an association exists between autonomic adaptations and improvements of aerobic capacity in a general population of coronary artery disease patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: Ninety consecutive patients (age 60 ± 11 years) attended a rehabilitation programme of moderate continuous training (25 ± 8 sessions, 2-3 sessions/week)...
November 28, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888185/registries-codifications-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-familial-hypercholesterolaemia
#6
EDITORIAL
Katrina L Ellis, Jing Pang, Gerald F Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885060/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-adults-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Karl E Minges, Kelly M Strait, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Sarah M Camhi, Judith Lichtman, Mary Geda, Rachel P Dreyer, Héctor Bueno, John F Beltrame, Jeptha P Curtis, Harlan M Krumholz
AIMS: Despite the benefits of regular physical activity participation following acute myocardial infarction, little is known about gender differences in physical activity among patients after acute myocardial infarction. We described, by gender, physical activity trajectories pre- and post-acute myocardial infarction, and determined whether gender was independently associated with physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI patients (VIRGO) study, conducted at 103 US, 24 Spanish, and three Australian hospitals, was designed, in part, to evaluate gender differences in lifestyle behaviors following acute myocardial infarction...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885059/association-of-grip-strength-with-cardiovascular-risk-markers
#8
Cédric Gubelmann, Peter Vollenweider, Pedro Marques-Vidal
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms underlying the association between grip strength and cardiovascular mortality are poorly understood. We aimed to assess the association of grip strength with a panel of cardiovascular risk markers. DESIGN: The study was based on a cross-sectional analysis of 3468 adults aged 50-75 years (1891 women) from a population-based sample in Lausanne, Switzerland. METHODS: Grip strength was measured using a hydraulic hand dynamometer...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885058/association-between-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-arterial-stiffness-in-children
#9
Justin S Kuilder, Nikmah S Idris, Diederick E Grobbee, Michiel L Bots, Michael Mh Cheung, David Burgner, Nia Kurniati, Cuno Spm Uiterwaal
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and adverse cardiovascular outcome in adults. Early recognition of changes in vascular properties might prove essential in cardiovascular prevention in HIV-infected patients. We investigated the relations between HIV infection and arterial stiffness in children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 51 HIV-infected and 52 healthy children (age 3.2-14...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885057/circulating-active-serum-calcium-reduces-the-risk-of-hypertension
#10
Setor K Kunutsor, Jari A Laukkanen
PURPOSE: Calcium, which is one the most abundant mineral elements in the body, has been suggested to be involved in blood pressure regulation. We aimed to assess the association of active serum calcium (which is the ionised and physiologically active form of serum calcium) with the future risk of hypertension. METHODS: The active serum calcium concentration was assessed at baseline in the Finnish Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease population-based prospective cohort study of 1562 normotensive men aged 42-61 years at baseline...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881758/cardiac-rehabilitation-following-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-trends-in-referral-predictors-and-mortality-outcome-in-a-multicenter-national-registry-between-years-2006-2013-report-from-the-working-group-on-cardiac-rehabilitation-the-israeli-heart-society
#11
Fernando Chernomordik, Avi Sabbag, Boaz Tzur, Eran Kopel, Ronen Goldkorn, Shlomi Matetzky, Ilan Goldenberg, Nir Shlomo, Robert Klempfner
BACKGROUND: Utilization of cardiac rehabilitation is suboptimal. The aim of the study was to assess referral trends over the past decade, to identify predictors for referral to a cardiac rehabilitation program, and to evaluate the association with one-year mortality in a large national registry of acute coronary syndrome patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were extracted from the Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey national surveys between 2006-2013. A total of 6551 patients discharged with a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome were included...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879414/corrigendum
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879413/characteristics-and-course-of-heart-failure-stages-a-b-and-determinants-of-progression-design-and-rationale-of-the-staab-cohort-study
#13
Martin Wagner, Theresa Tiffe, Caroline Morbach, Götz Gelbrich, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann
BACKGROUND: Data from the general population on the natural course of heart failure is lacking. The objectives of the STAAB cohort study are to determine the prevalence of heart failure stages A-B in a representative sample of the general population and to prospectively investigate the progression from asymptomatic cardiac dysfunction into symptomatic heart failure. Here we present study design, participation rates and baseline characteristics of the first 1468 enrolled subjects. METHODS: A random sample of inhabitants from the city of Würzburg stratified by age (30-79 years) and gender was drawn from the local registration office...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872327/relation-between-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-epicardial-adipose-tissue-density-on-cardiac-computed-tomography-in-patients-at-high-risk-of-cardiovascular-events
#14
Bas T Franssens, Hendrik M Nathoe, Tim Leiner, Yolanda van der Graaf, Frank Lj Visseren
BACKGROUND: The radiodensity of epicardial adipose tissue may provide information on cardiovascular risk in addition to epicardial adipose tissue volume. The aim of this study was to quantify the relation between cardiovascular risk factors and the radiodensity of epicardial adipose tissue in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study in 140 patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Patients from the Secondary Manifestations of ARTerial disease (SMART) cohort study were invited to undergo cardiac computed tomography angiography...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856811/increased-heart-rate-is-associated-with-a-prothrombotic-state-the-framingham-heart-study
#15
Geoffrey H Tofler, Joseph Massaro, Daniel A Levy, Patrice A Sutherland, Thomas Buckley, Ralph B D'Agostino
BACKGROUND: Although a higher heart rate is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the mechanism is not well understood. As thrombosis has an important role in plaque development and acute coronary syndromes, the increase related to heart rate may result from a prothrombotic imbalance. METHODS: We investigated the relation between heart rate and thrombotic potential in 3451 participants from the Offspring Cohort of the Framingham Heart Study (mean age 54 years, 55% women)...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856810/impacts-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-diabetes-on-cardiovascular-mortality-in-a-general-japanese-population-a-20-year-follow-up-of-the-nippon-data90-study
#16
Aya Hirata, Tomonori Okamura, Daisuke Sugiyama, Kazuyo Kuwabara, Aya Kadota, Akira Fujiyoshi, Katsuyuki Miura, Nagako Okuda, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown significant associations of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. The impact on the general population is an important public health issue. However, the population attributable fraction (PAF) of CVD because of CKD and/or DM in a general population is uncertain. METHODS: We followed 7229 participants (age: ≥30 years) with no history of CVD in a Japanese community. We divided participants into four categories according to CKD and/or DM and calculated hazard ratios (HRs) of CVD mortality for each category using a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for age, dyslipidemia, smoking and alcohol consumption...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856809/association-of-chronic-kidney-disease-with-impaired-left-atrial-reservoir-function-a-community-based-cohort-study
#17
Koki Nakanishi, Zhezhen Jin, Cesare Russo, Shunichi Homma, Mitchell Sv Elkind, Tatjana Rundek, Aylin Tugcu, Ralph L Sacco, Marco R Di Tullio
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation, although the pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. This study investigated the relationship between CKD and left atrial (LA) volume and function in a sample of the general population without overt cardiac disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined 358 participants from the Cardiovascular Abnormalities and Brain Lesions study. The LA minimum volume index (LAVImin), LA maximum volume index (LAVImax), and LA emptying fraction (LAEF) were assessed by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856808/adult-derived-genetic-blood-pressure-scores-and-blood-pressure-measured-in-different-body-postures-in-young-children
#18
Maria Ac Jansen, Geertje W Dalmeijer, Frank Lj Visseren, Cornelis K van der Ent, Maarten Leusink, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Diederick E Grobbee, Cuno Spm Uiterwaal
AIMS: Several genes are related to blood pressure (BP) levels in adults, but it is largely unknown whether these genes also determine BP early in life. METHODS: Systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were measured in 720 5-year-old children from the WHeezing-Illnesses-STudy-LEidsche-Rijn (WHISTLER) birth cohort in sitting and supine positions using a semi-automatic oscillometric device. Illumina chip technology was used to genotype 18, 19, 11 and 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with adult SBP, DBP, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and hypertension, respectively, in the children's DNA and separate weighted genetic risk scores (GRSs) were constructed...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856807/paradoxical-dissociation-between-heart-rate-and-heart-rate-variability-following-different-modalities-of-exercise-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome-the-resolve-study
#19
Gil Boudet, Guillaume Walther, Daniel Courteix, Philippe Obert, Bruno Lesourd, Bruno Pereira, Robert Chapier, Agnès Vinet, Alain Chamoux, Geraldine Naughton, Paul Poirier, Frédéric Dutheil
AIMS: To analyse the effects of different modalities of exercise training on heart rate variability (HRV) in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty MetS participants (aged 50-70 years) were housed and managed in an inpatient medical centre for 21 days, including weekends. Physical activity and food intake/diet were intensively monitored. Participants were randomly assigned into three training groups, differing only by intensity of exercise: moderate-endurance-moderate-resistance (re), high-resistance-moderate-endurance (Re), and moderate-resistance-high-endurance (rE)...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856806/comparative-effectiveness-of-fourth-line-anti-hypertensive-agents-in-resistant-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Sarah-Jo Sinnott, Laurie A Tomlinson, Adrian A Root, Rohini Mathur, Kathryn E Mansfield, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
AIM: We assessed the effectiveness of fourth-line mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in comparison with other fourth-line anti-hypertensive agents in resistant hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane library from database inception until January 2016. We included randomised and non-randomised studies that compared mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists with other fourth-line anti-hypertensive agents in patients with resistant hypertension...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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