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European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032740/editor-s-presentation
#1
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870145/real-world-use-and-modeled-impact-of-glucose-lowering-therapies-evaluated-in-recent-cardiovascular-outcomes-trials-an-ncdr%C3%A2-research-to-practice-project
#2
Suzanne V Arnold, Silvio E Inzucchi, Fengming Tang, Darren K McGuire, Sanjeev N Mehta, Thomas M Maddox, Abhinav Goyal, Laurence S Sperling, Daniel Einhorn, Nathan D Wong, Kamlesh Khunti, Carolyn Sp Lam, Mikhail Kosiborod
Aims Recent trials (EMPA-REG OUTCOME and Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results [LEADER]) have shown improved cardiovascular (CV) mortality with specific currently available glucose-lowering medications (empagliflozin and liraglutide, respectively), but were limited to selected patient populations. We sought to evaluate the current use and potential real-world impact of empagliflozin (and other sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors [SGLT2is]) and liraglutide (and other glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor agonist [GLP-1 RAs]) among patients in the Diabetes Collaborative Registry (DCR)...
October 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895476/editor-s-presentation
#3
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838262/editor-s-presentation
#4
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728483/pcsk9-inhibition-in-statin-intolerant-hefh-patients-what-s-new
#5
Manuela Casula, Angela Pirillo, Giuseppe Danilo Norata, Alberico Luigi Catapano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664773/the-role-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-secondary-prevention-after-coronary-events
#6
Kari Peersen, John Munkhaugen, Lars Gullestad, Toril Liodden, Torbjorn Moum, Toril Dammen, Joep Perk, Jan E Otterstad
Background Coronary risk factor control in Europe is suboptimal and there are large variations in the nature of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes offered to coronary heart disease patients. We aim to explore characteristics and risk factor control in patients recruited from two neighbouring hospitals offering CR with different content. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 1127 Norwegian patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction and/or a revascularization procedure attended a clinical visit and completed a questionnaire at 2-36 months' follow-up...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644091/prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-the-role-of-pcsk9-inhibitors
#7
Ivan Pećin, Merel L Hartgers, G Kees Hovingh, Ricardo Dent, Željko Reiner
Familial hypercholesterolaemia is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterised by elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and consequently an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Familial hypercholesterolaemia is relatively common, but is often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Cardiologists are likely to encounter many individuals with familial hypercholesterolaemia; however, patients presenting with premature ASCVD are rarely screened for familial hypercholesterolaemia and fasting lipid levels are infrequently documented...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633533/in-the-modern-era-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-is-cardiac-rehabilitation-engagement-purely-a-patient-or-a-service-level-decision
#8
Abdulrahman Al Quait, Patrick Doherty, Nils Gutacker, Joseph Mills
Aims Despite the proven benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), utilization rates remain below recommendation in the percutaneous coronary intervention cohort in most European countries. Although extensive research has been carried out on CR uptake, no previous study has investigated the factors that lead patients to attend the initial CR baseline assessment (CR engagement). This paper attempts to provide new insights into CR engagement in the growing percutaneous coronary intervention population. Methods and results In total, we analysed data on 59,807 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention during 2013 to 2016 (mean age 65 years; 25% female)...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617620/atrial-fibrillation-and-the-risk-for-myocardial-infarction-all-cause-mortality-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Vidar Ruddox, Irene Sandven, John Munkhaugen, Julie Skattebu, Thor Edvardsen, Jan Erik Otterstad
Background In contemporary atrial fibrillation trials most deaths are cardiac related, whereas stroke and bleeding represent only a small subset of deaths. We aimed to evaluate the long-term risk of cardiac events and all-cause mortality in individuals with atrial fibrillation compared to no atrial fibrillation. Design A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published between 1 January 2006 and 21 October 2016. Methods Four databases were searched. Studies had follow-up of at least 500 stable patients for either cardiac endpoints or all-cause mortality for 12 months or longer...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617172/food-supplements-with-red-yeast-rice-more-regulations-are-needed
#10
Guy G De Backer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617090/left-ventricular-function-in-relation-to-chronic-residential-air-pollution-in-a-general-population
#11
Wen-Yi Yang, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Lutgarde Thijs, Esmée M Bijnens, Bram G Janssen, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Nicholas Cauwenberghs, Fang-Fei Wei, Aernout Luttun, Peter Verhamme, Etienne Van Hecke, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Jan D'hooge, Tim S Nawrot, Jan A Staessen
Background In view of the increasing heart failure epidemic and awareness of the adverse impact of environmental pollution on human health, we investigated the association of left ventricular structure and function with air pollutants in a general population. Methods In 671 randomly recruited Flemish (51.7% women; mean age, 50.4 years) we echocardiographically assessed left ventricular systolic strain and strain rate and the early and late peak velocities of transmitral blood flow and mitral annular movement (2005-2009)...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604079/tracking-of-structural-and-functional-cardiac-measures-from-infancy-into-school-age
#12
Liza Toemen, Romy Gaillard, Lennie van Osch-Gevers, Willem A Helbing, Albert Hofman, Vincent Wv Jaddoe
Objective Cardiac structure and function are important predictors for cardiovascular disease in adults. Not much is known about tracking of cardiac measures, other than left ventricular mass, from early life onwards. We examined whether and to what extent cardiac measures track from infancy into school-age. Methods We performed a population-based prospective cohort study among 1072 children. Aortic root diameter, left atrial diameter, left ventricular mass, relative wall thickness and fractional shortening were measured repeatedly by echocardiography...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534422/psychosocial-risk-factors-in-relation-to-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-coronary-heart-disease-results-from-the-euroaspire-iv-survey-a-registry-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#13
Nana Pogosova, Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Roland von Känel, Delphine De Smedt, Jan Bruthans, Maryna Dolzhenko
Background Depression and anxiety are established psychosocial risk factors for coronary heart disease. Contemporary data on their prevalence and associations with other risk factors were evaluated as part of the EUROASPIRE IV survey. Design The design of this study was cross-sectional. Methods The study group consisted of 7589 patients from 24 European countries examined at a median of 1.4 years after hospitalisation due to coronary heart disease events. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714797/editor-s-presentation
#14
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578613/suboptimal-primary-and-secondary-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-hiv-positive-individuals-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#15
Rosan A van Zoest, Marc van der Valk, Ferdinand W Wit, Ilonca Vaartjes, Katherine W Kooij, Joppe W Hovius, Maria Prins, Peter Reiss
Background We aimed to identify the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, and investigate preventive cardiovascular medication use and achievement of targets as per Dutch cardiovascular risk management guidelines among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative individuals. Design The design was a cross-sectional analysis within an ongoing cohort study. Methods Data on medication use and cardiovascular disease prevalence were available for 528 HIV-positive and 521 HIV-negative participants...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578612/the-effect-of-progressive-resistance-training-on-aerobic-fitness-and-strength-in-adults-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
Matthew Hollings, Yorgi Mavros, Jonathan Freeston, Maria Fiatarone Singh
Design We aimed to evaluate the effect of progressive resistance training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength in coronary heart disease, when compared to control or aerobic training, and when combined with aerobic training. Secondary aims were to evaluate the safety and efficacy of progressive resistance training on other physiological and clinical outcomes. Methods and results Electronic databases were searched from inception until July 2016. Designs included progressive resistance training vs control, progressive resistance training vs aerobic training, and combined training vs aerobic training...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574283/the-ultimate-diagnosis-of-unexplained-dyspnoea-on-exertion-stay-tuned-on-invasive-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-and-beyond
#17
Marco Guazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569553/effects-of-combined-exercise-training-and-electromyostimulation-treatments-in-chronic-heart-failure-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#18
Marie C Iliou, Bénédicte Vergès-Patois, Bruno Pavy, Anais Charles-Nelson, Catherine Monpère, Rudy Richard, Jean C Verdier
Background Exercise training as part of a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation is recommended for patients with cardiac heart failure. It is a valuable method for the improvement of exercise tolerance. Some studies reported a similar improvement with quadricipital electrical myostimulation, but the effect of combined exercise training and electrical myostimulation in cardiac heart failure has not been yet evaluated in a large prospective multicentre study. Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of low frequency electrical myostimulation to exercise training may improve exercise capacity and/or muscular strength in cardiac heart failure patients...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534417/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-compared-to-conventional-centre-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-the-fit-home-study
#19
Jos J Kraal, M Elske Van den Akker-Van Marle, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Wim Stut, Niels Peek, Hareld Mc Kemps
Aim Although cardiac rehabilitation improves physical fitness after a cardiac event, many eligible patients do not participate in cardiac rehabilitation and the beneficial effects of cardiac rehabilitation are often not maintained over time. Home-based training with telemonitoring guidance could improve participation rates and enhance long-term effectiveness. Methods and results We randomised 90 low-to-moderate cardiac risk patients entering cardiac rehabilitation to three months of either home-based training with telemonitoring guidance or centre-based training...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504565/early-intensive-statin-treatment-reduces-hard-cardiovascular-outcomes-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Gregory G Schwartz, Rana Fayyad, Michael Szarek, David DeMicco, Anders G Olsson
Background Early, intensive statin treatment is the standard of care after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the benefit of this approach to prevent major adverse cardiovascular events has been demonstrated in only one randomised, placebo controlled trial. The Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering (MIRACL) trial demonstrated that atorvastatin 80 mg daily, compared with placebo, reduced time to first occurrence of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, or hospitalisation for unstable angina (stroke not included) during the 16 week period following ACS...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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