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European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714797/editor-s-presentation
#1
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578612/the-effect-of-progressive-resistance-training-on-aerobic-fitness-and-strength-in-adults-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Matthew Hollings, Yorgi Mavros, Jonathan Freeston, Maria Fiatarone Singh
Design We aimed to evaluate the effect of progressive resistance training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength in coronary heart disease, when compared to control or aerobic training, and when combined with aerobic training. Secondary aims were to evaluate the safety and efficacy of progressive resistance training on other physiological and clinical outcomes. Methods and results Electronic databases were searched from inception until July 2016. Designs included progressive resistance training vs control, progressive resistance training vs aerobic training, and combined training vs aerobic training...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574283/the-ultimate-diagnosis-of-unexplained-dyspnoea-on-exertion-stay-tuned-on-invasive-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-and-beyond
#3
Marco Guazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534417/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-compared-to-conventional-centre-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-the-fit-home-study
#4
Jos J Kraal, M Elske Van den Akker-Van Marle, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Wim Stut, Niels Peek, Hareld Mc Kemps
Aim Although cardiac rehabilitation improves physical fitness after a cardiac event, many eligible patients do not participate in cardiac rehabilitation and the beneficial effects of cardiac rehabilitation are often not maintained over time. Home-based training with telemonitoring guidance could improve participation rates and enhance long-term effectiveness. Methods and results We randomised 90 low-to-moderate cardiac risk patients entering cardiac rehabilitation to three months of either home-based training with telemonitoring guidance or centre-based training...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504565/early-intensive-statin-treatment-reduces-hard-cardiovascular-outcomes-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#5
Gregory G Schwartz, Rana Fayyad, Michael Szarek, David DeMicco, Anders G Olsson
Background Early, intensive statin treatment is the standard of care after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the benefit of this approach to prevent major adverse cardiovascular events has been demonstrated in only one randomised, placebo controlled trial. The Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering (MIRACL) trial demonstrated that atorvastatin 80 mg daily, compared with placebo, reduced time to first occurrence of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, or hospitalisation for unstable angina (stroke not included) during the 16 week period following ACS...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662615/editor-s-presentation
#6
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618853/editor-s-presentation
#7
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482692/heart-rate-and-the-risk-of-adverse-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#8
Wesley T O'Neal, Pratik B Sandesara, Ayman Samman-Tahhan, Heval M Kelli, Muhammad Hammadah, Elsayed Z Soliman
Background Although high resting heart rates are associated with adverse outcomes in heart failure with reduced ejection, the reports for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are conflicting. Design A secondary analysis was conducted in order to examine the relationship between resting heart rate and adverse outcomes in 2705 patients (mean age = 68 ± 10 years; 47% men; 88% white) with HFpEF who were in sinus rhythm from the Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure with an Aldosterone Antagonist Trial (TOPCAT)...
July 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429651/time-to-improve-statin-prescription-guidelines-in-low-risk-patients
#9
Jan W Balder, Jeroen K de Vries, Douwe J Mulder, Pieter W Kamphuisen
Background The challenge of the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is to identify patients who would benefit from treatment with statins. Statins are currently prescribed to many patients, even those at a low 10-year risk of CVD. These latter patients may not be eligible for statins according to current guidelines. Design This study investigated the prescription of guideline-consistent (according to guidelines) and guideline-inconsistent (not according to guidelines) lipid-lowering treatment in primary prevention in a large contemporary Dutch cohort study (Lifelines)...
July 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420250/the-european-association-of-preventive-cardiology-exercise-prescription-in-everyday-practice-and-rehabilitative-training-expert-tool-a-digital-training-and-decision-support-system-for-optimized-exercise-prescription-in-cardiovascular-disease-concept-definitions
#10
Dominique Hansen, Paul Dendale, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Roberto Pedretti, Eva Geurts, Gustavo R Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Eugenio Greco, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona S Braga, Olga Barna, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Robert Fagard, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Christoph Stettler, Tim Takken, Cajsa Tonoli, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty
Background Exercise rehabilitation is highly recommended by current guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease, but its implementation is still poor. Many clinicians experience difficulties in prescribing exercise in the presence of different concomitant cardiovascular diseases and risk factors within the same patient. It was aimed to develop a digital training and decision support system for exercise prescription in cardiovascular disease patients in clinical practice: the European Association of Preventive Cardiology Exercise Prescription in Everyday Practice and Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool...
July 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374647/the-associations-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-adiposity-and-sports-participation-with-arterial-stiffness-in-youth-with-chronic-diseases-or-physical-disabilities
#11
Eero A Haapala, Kristel Lankhorst, Janke de Groot, Maremka Zwinkels, Olaf Verschuren, Harriet Wittink, Frank Jg Backx, Anne Visser-Meily, Tim Takken
Background The evidence on the associations of cardiorespiratory fitness, body adiposity and sports participation with arterial stiffness in children and adolescents with chronic diseases or physical disabilities is limited. Methods Altogether 140 children and adolescents with chronic diseases or physical disabilities participated in this cross-sectional study. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using maximal exercise test with respiratory gas analyses either using shuttle run, shuttle ride, or cycle ergometer test...
July 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618916/who-needs-secondary-prevention
#12
Ines Frederix, Paul Dendale, Jean-Paul Schmid
Secondary prevention for ischaemic heart disease can be defined as a comprehensive set of measures, aiming to reduce the recurrence of cardiovascular disease and to improve long-term prognosis. Despite its proven efficacy, uptake and adherence rates remain poor. This paper summarises the available European recommendations for secondary prevention in varying ischaemic heart disease populations, including those patients with specific co-morbidities. The scientific evidence supporting these recommendations is provided...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618915/coronary-artery-disease-risk-stratification-and-patient-selection-for-more-aggressive-secondary-prevention
#13
François Schiele, Fiona Ecarnot, Romain Chopard
In patients with stable coronary artery disease, clinical outcomes are predominantly characterized by the consequences of atherosclerosis on the myocardium, but also by complications of atherosclerosis, notably recurrent acute coronary syndrome or stroke. Secondary prevention therapy is therefore key in this patient population. Intensification of secondary prevention therapy is possible, at the price of a therapeutic risk or a high cost, therefore justifying careful selection of patients with a high residual risk and low therapeutic risk...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618914/role-of-the-polypill-for-secondary-prevention-in-ischaemic-heart-disease
#14
José M Castellano, Valentín Fuster, Catriona Jennings, Eva Prescott, Héctor Bueno
In 2011, for the first time in the history of humankind, non-communicable diseases became the leading cause of death worldwide. This change in trend is obviously multifactorial and very complex, as it is the paradoxical result of social, economic and health system growth worldwide. Vaccination and infectious diseases control, changing dietary habits worldwide, sedentary behaviour, globalisation, industrialisation (resulting in a shift from manual to sedentary labour), tobacco and sugary beverage surges in low- and middle-income countries and rapid urbanisation have all played a role in this epidemic transition...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618913/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-prevention
#15
Catriona Jennings, Felicity Astin
Cardiovascular disease accounts for 17,500 deaths globally, representing nearly half of all non-communicable disease deaths. The World Health Organization has set nine lifestyle, risk factor and medicines targets to achieve by 2025 with the aim of reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by 25%. In order to succeed in this, we need to equip our global health professional workforce with the skills to support patients and their families with making lifestyle changes and being in concordance with cardioprotective medication regimes at every opportunity...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618912/hypertension-overly-important-but-under-controlled
#16
Monique Eam van Kleef, Wilko Spiering
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and death. Despite increased knowledge of its importance in cardiovascular disease, the worldwide prevalence is still increasing and there is considerable scope for improvement of awareness, treatment and control. In this review, five major issues in hypertension management in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease will be outlined. The first two issues will address hypertension diagnosis: out-of-office blood pressure measurements and the detection of secondary hypertension...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618911/secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-unmet-medical-need-implementation-and-innovation
#17
Diederick E Grobbee, Antonio Pellicia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618910/diabetes-prevalence-prognosis-and-management-of-a-potent-cardiovascular-risk-factor
#18
Anna Norhammar, Linda Mellbin, Francesco Cosentino
This review highlights the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and the dismal prognosis after acute coronary events when diabetes is present. Although there have been improvements in this area, diabetes still confers an increased risk. In order to achieve successful outcomes in individuals with diabetes, extensive treatment of risk factors and the use of all available evidence-based therapies are needed. In this context, glucose-lowering therapies and antithrombotic and revascularisation strategies are detailed in this review...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618909/improving-adherence-to-medication-for-secondary-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#19
Jan Keenan
Survivors of myocardial infarction are at risk of recurrent events and have an annual death rate of 5%. Advances in treatment and, in particular, the interventional management of myocardial infarction have seen important mortality gains over recent decades, yet cardiovascular diseases remain the biggest killer in many European countries. Change in lifestyle and adherence to medication to prevent further events are key to the recurrence of future events following myocardial infarction, but adherence to medication for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease is a profound problem...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618908/psychosocial-perspectives-in-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Susanne S Pedersen, Roland von Känel, Phillip J Tully, Johan Denollet
Adaptation to living with cardiovascular disease may differ from patient to patient and is influenced not only by disease severity and limitations incurred by the disease but also by socioeconomic factors (e.g. health literacy), the patients' psychological make-up and susceptibility to distress. Co-morbid depression and/or anxiety is prevalent in 20% of patients with cardiovascular disease, which may be either transient or chronic. Distress, such as depression, reduces adherence, serves as a barrier to behaviour change and the adoption of a healthy lifestyle, and increases the risk that patients drop out of cardiac rehabilitation, impacting on patients' quality of life, risk of hospitalisation and mortality...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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