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Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540160/necessity-of-a-surveillance-system-for-tick-borne-encephalitis
#1
COMMENT
Seok-Ju Yoo, Ji-Hyuk Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540159/what-makes-vietnamese-not-attend-periodic-general-health-examinations-a-2016-cross-sectional-study
#2
Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu, Thu-Trang Vuong
OBJECTIVES: General health examinations (GHE) have become an increasingly common measure for preventive medicine in Vietnam. However, little is known about the factors among Viet-namese people who attend or miss GHE. Budget or time constraints remain to be evaluated for better-informed policy making. This study investigates factors affecting behaviors in attending periodic GHE. The main objectives are as follows: (1) to explore empirical relationships between influencing factors and periodic GHE frequencies, and (2) to predict the probabilities of attending GHE under associated conditions...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540158/childhood-obesity-is-a-high-risk-factor-for-hypertriglyceridemia-a-case-control-study-in-vietnam
#3
Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Thi Tuyet, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Yang Tao, Dinh-Toi Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and obesity status among Viet-namese adolescents. METHODS: In this case-control study, 282 adolescents (6-11 years), including 88 obese cases and 194 normal-weight controls, were recruited from a population-based cross-sectional study from two provinces in Vietnam. The anthropometric, blood lipid, and other laboratory test results of the study subjects were analyzed. RESULTS: Obese children tended to have more visceral fat (Pearson's r = 0...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540157/sex-based-association-between-depression-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#4
Jin Suk Ra, Hye Sun Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the sex-based association between depression and the development of metabolic syndrome (Mets) among middle-aged and older Korean adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used for the secondary analysis of the 2010-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data from 1,938 men and 2,404 women were analyzed. Mets was defined in accordance with the criteria used for clinical diagnosis. Depression was assessed with a question about having clinical depression...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540156/quality-of-life-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-and-its-associated-factors
#5
Hoo Jeung Cho, Euna Park
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). METHODS: This study is based on a descriptive survey and involved 125 gastroenterology outpatients visiting a university hospital in South Korea as the participants. HRQOL was assessed using the Liver Disease Quality of Life 1.0, which consisted of Short Form-36 (SF-36) and the Liver Disease Targeted Scale. Data were collected from December 2015 to April 2016, which were then analyzed through multiple regression analysis...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540155/low-levels-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-isolates-and-their-relationship-to-risk-factors-surveillance-in-tehran-iran-2006-to-2014
#6
Alireza Hadizadeh Tasbiti, Shamsi Yari, Mostafa Ghanei, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Abolfazl Fateh, Ahmadreza Bahrmand
OBJECTIVES: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is more expensive and difficult to treat than multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and outcomes for patients are much worse; therefore, it is important that clinicians understand the magnitude and distribution of XDR-TB. We conducted a retrospective study to compare the estimated incidence of and risk factors for M/XDR-TB with those of susceptible TB controls. METHODS: Sputum culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST) were performed in patients with known or suspected TB...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540154/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-among-children-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Ghasem Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Fereshteh Farshidi, Elham Kheradmand
OBJECTIVES: Enterobius vermicularis is a parasitic disease that is common in crowded areas such as schools and kindergartens. Primary investigations of electronic evidence have reported different prevalences of E. vermicularis in Iran. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the total prevalence of this infection among Iranian children using a meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified in national and international databases. We selected eligible papers for meta-analysis after investigating titles, abstracts, and full texts; assessing study quality; and applying inclusion/exclusion criteria...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540153/depression-among-middle-aged-persons
#8
EDITORIAL
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443229/emergence-of-norovirus-gii-17-associated-outbreak-and-sporadic-cases-in-korea-from-2014-to-2015
#9
Sunyoung Jung, Bo-Mi Hwang, HyunJu Jung, GyungTae Chung, Cheon-Kwon Yoo, Deog-Yong Lee
Human norovirus are major causative agent of nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis. In general, genogroup (G) II.4 is the most prominent major genotype that circulate in human population and the environment. However, a shift in genotypic trends was observed in Korea in December 2014. In this study, we investigated the trend of norovirus genotype in detail using the database of Acute Diarrhea Laboratory Surveillance (K-EnterNet) in Korea. GII.17 has since become a major contributor to outbreaks of norovirus-related infections and sporadic cases in Korea, although the reason for this shift remain unknown...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443228/genome-sequencing-analysis-of-atypical-shigella-flexneri-isolated-in-korea
#10
Nan-Ok Kim, Hae-Young Na, Su-Mi Jung, Gyung Tae Chung, Hyo Sun Kawk, Sahyun Hong
OBJECTIVES: An atypical Shigella flexneri strain with a plural agglutination pattern [i.e., reacting not only with serum samples containing type antigen II but also with serum samples containing group antigens (3)4 and 7(8)] was selected for genome sequencing, with the aim of obtaining additional comparative information about such strains. METHODS: The genomic DNA of atypical S. flexneri strain NCCP 15744 was sequenced using an Ion Torrent PGM sequencing machine (Life Technologies, USA)...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443227/surveillance-of-bacillus-cereus-isolates-in-korea-from-2012-to-2014
#11
Su-Mi Jung, Nan-Ok Kim, Injun Cha, Hae-Young Na, Gyung Tae Chung, Hyo Sun Kawk, Sahyun Hong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and toxin production characteristics of non-emetic and emetic Bacillus cereus strains isolated via the laboratory surveillance system in Korea. METHODS: A total of 667 B. cereus strains were collected by the Korea National Research Institute of Health laboratory surveillance system from 2012 to 2014. The collected strains were analyzed by geographical region, season, patient age, and patient sex. Additionally, the prevalence rates of enterotoxin and emetic toxin genes were evaluated...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443226/a-novel-pcr-assay-for-detecting-brucella-abortus-and-brucella-melitensis
#12
Saeed Alamian, Majid Esmaelizad, Taghi Zahraei, Afshar Etemadi, Mohsen Mohammadi, Davoud Afshar, Soheila Ghaderi
OBJECTIVES: Brucellosis is a major zoonotic disease that poses a significant public health threat worldwide. The classical bacteriological detection process used to identify Brucella spp. is difficult and time-consuming. This study aimed to develop a novel molecular assay for detecting brucellosis. METHODS: All complete sequences of chromosome 1 with 2.1-Mbp lengths were compared among all available Brucella sequences. A unique repeat sequence (URS) locus on chromosome 1 could differentiate Brucella abortus from Brucella melitensis...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443225/analysis-of-factors-affecting-women-of-childbearing-age-to-screen-using-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid
#13
Sondang Sidabutar, Santi Martini, Chatarina Umbul Wahyuni
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient factors such as knowledge, attitude, motivation, perception, socio-economic status and travel time to health facilities and assess how these factors affected patients' decision to pursue cervical cancer screening with visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). METHODS: A total of 80 women of childbearing age who visited Kenjeran and Balongsari Public Health Centers for health assessments were involved in this study...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443224/the-effect-of-lactobacillus-acidophilus-ptcc-1643-on-cultured-intestinal-epithelial-cells-infected-with-salmonella-enterica-serovar-enteritidis
#14
Mona Moshiri, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Farhad Rezaei, Masoumeh Douraghi, Laleh Sharifi, Zahra Noroozbabaei, Mehrdad Gholami, Abbas Mirshafiey
OBJECTIVES: Gastrointestinal disorders caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SesE) are a significant health problem around the globe. Probiotic bacteria have been shown to have positive effects on the immune responses. Lactobacillus acidophilus was examined for its capability to influence the innate immune response of HT29 intestinal epithelial cells towards SesE. The purpose of this work was to assess the effect of L. acidophilus PTCC 1643 on cultured intestinal epithelial cells infected with SesE...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443223/detection-of-integrons-and-staphylococcal-cassette-chromosome-mec-types-in-clinical-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-strains
#15
Fahimeh Hajiahmadi, Elham Salimi Ghale, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani, Alireza Mordadi, Mohammad Reza Arabestani
OBJECTIVES: Integrons are thought to play an important role in the spread of antibiotic resistance. This study investigates class 1 and 2 integron-positive methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci strains isolated in Iran and characterizes their patterns of antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: Hundred clinical isolates of coagulase-negative staphylococci were characterized for integron content and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443222/analysis-of-hospital-volume-and-factors-influencing-economic-outcomes-in-cancer-surgery-results-from-a-population-based-study-in-korea
#16
Jung-A Lee, So-Young Kim, Keeho Park, Eun-Cheol Park, Jong-Hyock Park
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between hospital volume, costs, and length of stay (LOS), and clinical and demographic outcome factors for five types of cancer resection. The main dependent variables were cost and LOS; the primary independent variable was volume. METHODS: Data were obtained from claims submitted to the Korean National Health Insurance scheme. We identified patients who underwent the following surgical procedures: pneumonectomy, colectomy, mastectomy, cystectomy, and esophagectomy...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443221/knowledge-management-enablers-and-process-in-hospital-organizations
#17
Hyun-Sook Lee
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to investigate the effects of knowledge management enablers, such as organizational structure, leadership, learning, information technology systems, trust, and collaboration, on the knowledge management process of creation, storage, sharing, and application. METHODS: Using data from self-administered questionnaires in four Korean tertiary hospitals, this survey investigated the main organizational factors affecting the knowledge management process in these organizations...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443220/do-factors-associated-self-rated-good-health-and-their-influences-differ-between-males-and-females-across-different-age-groups-in-korean-and-australia
#18
Hyo Young Lee, Stephanie Doris Short
OBJECTIVES: This was a comparative study between Australia and Korea that investigated whether and to what extent factors related to self-rated good health (SRGH) differ by gender among age groups. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of data that were collected in nationally representative, cross-sectional, and population-based surveys. We analyzed Australian and Korean participants > 20 years of age using 2011 data from the Australian National Nutritional Physical Activity Survey (n = 9,276) and the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (n = 5,915)...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443219/estimating-tuberculin-skin-test-reactions-among-children-and-teenagers-who-received-the-bacillus-calmette-guerin-vaccination-at-birth-a-meta-analysis
#19
Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Siavosh Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Mahmood Moosazadeh
OBJECTIVES: Tuberculin skin reaction size is one indicator of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine efficacy and a way to diagnose latent infection. Several primary studies have examined this issue. Combining the results of these studies using a meta-analysis will provide reliable evidence regarding this indicator for policymakers. This study aimed to estimate the total frequency of different tuberculin skin test reactions among Iranian children and teenagers who received the BCG vaccination at birth...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443218/what-matters-in-the-performance-of-a-medial-institution
#20
EDITORIAL
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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