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Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159228/smoking-status-on-bone-health-and-osteoporosis-prevalence
#1
COMMENT
Vu H Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159227/joint-association-of-screen-time-and-physical-activity-with-obesity-findings-from-the-korea-media-panel-study
#2
Jihyung Shin
Objectives: There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior is associated with a higher risk of metabolic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional joint associations of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST), with the risk of obesity in Korean adults. Methods: The Korea Media Panel Study consisted of a household interview and a self-administered diary survey on media usage over 3 days. ST (hours/day) was defined as the reported daily average hours spent watching television, computing (i...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159226/factors-affecting-body-image-discordance-amongst-korean-adults-aged-19-39-years
#3
Hye-Young Jang, Jung-Won Ahn, Mi-Kyeong Jeon
Objectives: This study was designed to investigate factors affecting the discordance between body image and body mass index amongst Korean adults aged 19-39 years. Methods: Data ( N = 59,361) from the 2014 Korean Community Health Survey was analyzed using descriptive analysis, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis. Results: To examine the factors affecting body image discordance as observed in 43.1% of participants, the group was subdivided into underestimation and overestimation...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159225/the-prevalence-of-cyp2b6-gene-polymorphisms-in-malaria-endemic-population-of-timor-in-east-nusa-tenggara-indonesia
#4
Linawati Hananta, Indwiani Astuti, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Josephine Alice, Jontari Hutagalung, Mustofa
Objectives: The CYP2B6 is one of the most polymorphic CYP genes in humans that has the potential to modify the pharmacological and toxicological responses to clinically important drugs such as antimalarial artemisinin and its derivatives. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of CYP2B6 polymorphisms in Timor malaria endemic area, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia where Artemisin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) has been used to treat uncomplicated malaria. Methods: A total of 109 healthy subjects were participated in this study...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159224/effects-of-smoking-cessation-intervention-education-program-based-on-blended-learning-among-nursing-students-in-south-korea
#5
Sook-Hee Choi, Yun-Hee Kim
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate whether a "smoking cessation intervention" education program based on blended learning, was effective in improving nursing students' perceived competence and motivation to perform a smoking cessation intervention for smokers. Methods: A quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design was conducted. The smoking cessation intervention education program based on blended learning, was administered to the experimental group ( n = 23) in 5 sessions, consisting of 2 courses of an e-learning program and 1 course of a face-to-face learning program per session...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159223/regional-differences-of-mental-health-status-and-associated-factors-based-on-the-community-health-survey
#6
Ji Hye Lim
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in mental health specific to regions in Korea, and the factors that affected mental health status. Methods: Data from the 2016 Community Health Survey in Korea were used; 224,421 health survey participants provided responses on mental health issues, demographics, and health behavior, and were included in the study. Results: A statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence of mental health status between different regions of Korea...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159222/factors-that-correlate-with-poor-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-complications
#7
Mohammad Haghighatpanah, Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad, Maryam Haghighatpanah, Girish Thunga, Surulivelrajan Mallayasamy
Objectives: Inadequate glycemic control amongst patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) indicates a major public health problem and a significant risk factor for the progression and complications caused by diabetes. Glycemic control is the main therapeutic objective for the prevention of organ damage and other complications arising from diabetes. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of T2DM patients with complications, who were aged 40 years and older...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159221/evaluation-of-biofilm-formation-and-presence-of-ica-genes-in-staphylococcus-epidermidis-clinical-isolates
#8
Maryam Kord, Abdollah Ardebili, Maryam Jamalan, Roghaye Jahanbakhsh, Naser Behnampour, Ezzat Allah Ghaemi
Objectives: Biofilm formation is one of the important features of Staphylococcus epidermidis , particularly in nosocomial infections. We aimed to investigate the biofilm production by phenotypic methods and the presence of ica genes in S epidermidis . Methods: A total of 41 S epidermidis isolates were recovered from different clinical specimens. Biofilm formation was evaluated by microtiter plate, tube method and Congo red agar method. The presence of icaA and icaD genes was investigated by PCR...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159220/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-obesity-levels-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2015
#9
Kwanjun Park, Sunmi Lim, Yoonhyung Park, Woong Ju, Yoonhee Shin, Hansol Yeom
Objectives: The increase in the obesity rate in adult males in Korea is higher than countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and other Asian countries. We examined the trends and prevalence of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease by evaluating the weight status amongst adults from 2007 to 2015. Methods: The study included 37,402 adults, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The prevalence trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors were estimated for each body mass index group...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159219/effects-of-physical-activity-on-depression-in-adults-with-diabetes
#10
Deok-Ju Kim
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the current state of physical activity in adults with diabetes and to investigate the effect of physical activity on depression. Methods: The present study was conducted using data from the 2nd year of the 6th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. From the total of 7,550 individuals, 418 adults diagnosed with diabetes were selected as participants, and their physical activity and depression levels were examined...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159218/depression-status-in-korea
#11
EDITORIAL
Soo Kyung Koo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023159/impact-of-time-delay-in-processing-blood-sample-on-next-generation-sequencing-for-transcriptome-analysis
#12
Jae-Eun Lee, So-Young Jung, So-Youn Shin, Young-Youl Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023158/review-of-the-incidence-of-japanese-encephalitis-in-foreign-born-and-korean-nationals-living-in-the-republic-of-korea-2007-2016
#13
Een-Suk Shin, Ok Park, In-Sik Kong
The Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine was introduced to the national immunization program in 1985, which has led to a dramatic decrease in the number of reported cases, but JE continues to occur in foreign nationals residing in or traveling to Korea. Although the incidence is low, this study demonstrated that more Koreans were infected with JE than foreign-born expatriates. The incidence rates of Korean-born nationals were between 0.01 and 0.08 cases per 100,000. In contrast, the incidence rates of foreign-born nationals ranged between 0 and 0...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023157/case-of-rickettsia-typhi-induced-brain-abscess-mimicking-brain-tumor
#14
Yoonhyuk Jang, Jangsup Moon, Jin-Sun Jun, Tae-Joon Kim, Kyung-Il Park, Soon-Tae Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Sang Kun Lee, Kon Chu
Murine typhus is one of the most prevalent rickettsial infections in the world, caused by the bacterial genus Rickettsia . Though the disease manifests a relatively benign clinical course with fever, rash, and headache being the 3 classic symptoms, neurological complications may arise in patients that could become permanent. In this case study, a patient with a brain abscess caused by R typhi infection is described. Based upon the recent reemergence of arthropod-borne disease, the findings in this case are significant; R typhi can cause a brain abscess that mimics a brain tumor, which delays the diagnosis and appropriate management of the disease...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023156/assessment-of-weight-shift-direction-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#15
So Hyun Park
Background: In patients who have suffered a stroke, the measurement of center of pressure excursion in all directions including oblique direction, anterior-medial, anterior-lateral, posterior-medial, and posterior-lateral side is important for determining balance instability but no research has been reported. Objectives: This study investigated weight shift in all directions to determine balance instability in stroke patients, including the oblique direction, using the multi-directional functional reach test...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023155/estimating-the-incidence-of-cases-and-deaths-resulting-from-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-its-related-socioeconomic-disease-burden-in-republic-of-korea-2010-2014
#16
Donghee Seo
Objectives: Hand, Foot and Mouth disease (HFMD) is a highly contagious viral disease that affects young children and frequently causes epidemics. A vaccine is available in China (enterovirus 71) and, the Republic of Korea took the first step to develop a new vaccine. New vaccine development requires that disease burden is calculated in advance so the financial cost, morbidity and mortality can be measured. Methods: Data from National Sentinel Surveillance and health insurance systems of 1 million claimants were used...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023154/how-should-biobanks-collect-biosamples-for-clinical-application-a-20-year-biomarker-related-publication-and-patent-trend-analysis
#17
Jae-Eun Lee
Objectives: This study was designed to analyze biomarker-related publications and patent trends which biobanks could consider in planning biosample collections for biomarker research. Methods: Publications and patents containing the term "biomarker" in the title published between 1998 to 2017 were retrieved using Scopus database and Google Patents search engine. Results: Over the last 20 years there has been a steady increase in biomarker-related publications and patents; however this has slowed for patents over the last few years...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023153/seroprevalence-of-toxocara-in-children-from-urban-and-rural-areas-of-ilam-province-west-iran
#18
Sahar Shokouhi, Jahangir Abdi
Objectives: The present study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of Toxocara in children ≤ 10 years old, from rural and urban areas of Ilam. Methods: Serum samples from 383 children ≤ 10 years old, were selected randomly from rural and urban areas of Ilam province and surveyed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results: The total rate of infection with Toxocara was 22% (31% with a history of contact with dogs and cats, and 14% without a history of contact)...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023152/study-on-cardiopulmonary-function-maximal-oxygen-uptake-and-obesity-index-according-to-smoking-status-in-middle-aged-and-older-office-workers
#19
Deok-Ju Kim
Objectives: To investigate the effect of smoking upon cardiopulmonary function, maximal oxygen uptake, and obesity index, in middle-aged and older workers to propose guidelines on healthcare for these age groups. Methods: This study analyzed medical data from 2,753 white-collar workers aged 50 years or older from workplaces located in Seoul, South Korea. Blood pressure (BP), resting heart rate, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), and body mass index (BMI) of each subject were measured...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023151/paradigm-shift-in-life-sciences
#20
EDITORIAL
Kisoon Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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