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Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740533/factors-associated-with-cesarean-section-in-tehran-iran-using-multilevel-logistic-regression-model
#1
Payam Amini, Maryam Mohammadi, Reza Omani-Samani, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Saman Maroufizadeh
Objectives: Over the past few decades, the prevalence of cesarean sections (CS) have risen dramatically worldwide, particularly in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of CS in Tehran, and to examine the associated risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 4,308 pregnant women with singleton live-births in Tehran, Iran, between July 6-21, 2015 was performed. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed using demographic and obstetrical variables at the first level, and hospitals as a variable at the second level...
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740532/epidemiological-aspects-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-larestan-and-ghiro-karzin-counties-southwest-of-iran
#2
Nasiri Zahra, Keshavarzi Davood, Akbari Morteza, Soltani Zahra
Objectives: Leishmania parasites are the causative agents of leishmaniasis. The Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) form of the disease is fatal if not treated in most cases. This study examined the epidemiological aspects of VL in two southwest counties of Iran. Methods: This was a retrospective study of hospitalized patients with a laboratory confirmation of VL from Larestan and Ghiro-Karzin Counties. Results: For Larestan county, a decline in the incidence of VL has been observed from 2004 to 2015...
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740531/relationship-between-catastrophic-health-expenditures-and-income-quintile-decline
#3
Jeong-Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim
Objectives: The aims of this study were to investigate the proportion of households facing catastrophic health expenditures based on household income quintiles, and to analyze the relationship between expenditures and household income quintile decline. Methods: Study data were obtained from an annually conducted survey of the 2012-2013 Korean health panel. There were 12,909 subjects aged 20-64 years from economically active households, whose income quintile remained unchanged or declined by more than one quintile from 2012 to 2013...
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740530/foodborne-illness-outbreaks-in-gyeonggi-province-korea-following-seafood-consumption-potentially-caused-by-kudoa-septempunctata-between-2015-and-2016
#4
Joon Jai Kim, Sukhyun Ryu, Heeyoung Lee
Objectives: Investigations into foodborne illness, potentially caused by Kudoa septempunctata , has been ongoing in Korea since 2015. However, epidemiological analysis reporting and positive K septempunctata detection in feces in Korea has been limited. The aim of this study was to provide epidemiologic data analysis of possible food poisoning caused by K septempunctata in Korea. Methods: This study reviewed 16 Kudoa outbreak investigation reports, including suspected cases between 2015 and 2016 in Gyeonggi province, Korea...
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740529/therapeutic-intervention-for-visuo-spatial-neglect-after-stroke-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Jae-Sung Kwon
Objectives: The aims of this meta-analysis were to examine intervention methods of qualitatively, well-designed studies from the past 10 years for treating visuo-spatial neglect (VSN) in patients who had suffered a stroke, and to evaluate the combined effects of intervention. Methods: Studies published between 2008 and 2017 on the theme of VSN were collected from PubMed, CINAHL, and MEDLINE, representative academic databases and search engines. The PEDro scale was used for evaluating the quality of methodology...
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740528/treatment-with-sofosbuvir-and-daclatasvir-with-or-without-ribavirin-improves-patient-reported-outcomes-in-hepatitis-c
#6
Lucas Pereira Jorge de Medeiros, Mario Barreto Correa Lima, Marcia Maria Amêndola Pires, Alessandra Mendonça Almeida Maciel, Renata Barboza Vianna Medeiros, Mariana Dermínio Donadel, Isabela Martins Becattini Pereira, Fábio Marchon Leão, Luiz Eduardo Amorim Correa Lima Pires, Helio Rzetelna, Carlos Eduardo Brandão-Mello
Objectives: To evaluate the impact of 3 treatment regimens upon health-related quality of life and work productivity using patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in chronic hepatitis C infected patients: sofosbuvir (SOF) + daclatasvir (DCV); SOF + DCV + ribavirin (RBV); SOF + simeprevir (SMV). Methods: 4 questionnaires were used to evaluate PROs before, during and after treatment: Short Form-36 (SF-36), Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ) - hepatitis C virus (HCV), Work Productivity and Activity Index, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F)...
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740527/comparison-of-hypertension-prediction-analysis-using-waist-measurement-and-body-mass-index-by-age-group
#7
So Hyun Park, Seong-Gil Kim
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate hypertension with simple anthropometry data related to obesity in Korean adults and identify whether age specific waist circumference (WC) may be a useful screening tool for determining hypertension. Methods: Subjects ( n = 571) were classified into 3 groups by age; young (18-39 years), middle aged (40-64 years), and old aged (≥ 65 years). Correlations between demographic and anthropometric parameters and hypertension were performed using Spearman correlation analysis...
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740526/watch-your-waistline
#8
EDITORIAL
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503804/evaluation-of-hypertension-prevention-and-control-programs-in-lima-peru
#9
Bonhee Chung, Dohyeong Kim, Eun Woo Nam
Objectives: The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) established 4 health centers to provide hypertension screening and a health support program in a deprived urban area of Lima, Peru. This case report provides a mid-term evaluation of the KOICA's hypertension prevention and control programs. Methods: A follow up study was performed on 663 residents who were diagnosed with prehypertension or hypertension (Stage 1 and 2) in the 4 KOICA health centers. Patients participated in programs designed to prevent and control hypertension through education sessions over the course of 6 months...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503803/enhancing-whole-of-government-response-to-biological-events-in-korea-able-response-2014
#10
Sangwoo Tak, Anton Jareb, Suon Choi, Marvin Sikes, Yeon Hwa Choi, Hyeong-Wook Boo
Since 2011, the Republic of Korea (ROK) and United States (U.S.) have been collaborating to conduct inter- and intra-governmental exercises to jointly respond to biological events in Korea. These exercises highlight U.S. interest in increasing its global biosurveillance capability and the ROK's interest in improving cooperation among ministries to respond to crises. With Able Response (AR) exercises, the ROK and U.S. have improved coordination among US and ROK government and defense agencies responding to potential bio-threats and identified additional areas on which to apply refinements in policies and practices...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503802/perception-and-practice-of-road-safety-among-medical-students-mansoura-egypt
#11
Randah Helal, Ghada El-Khawaga, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany
Objectives: To assess the knowledge and attitude of medical students towards road safety and to determine their driving behavior and its relation to different related factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 480 medical students at Mansoura University, Egypt. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect student personal data, knowledge about road safety, attitude towards road safety, and driving practices. Results: More than 40% of students experienced an injury in the previous year, mainly as a pedestrian (56%), and 15...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503801/associations-between-social-and-physical-environments-and-physical-activity-in-adults-from-urban-and-rural-regions
#12
Bongjeong Kim, Hye Sun Hyun
Objectives: This study investigates investigated the relationship between social and physical environments, and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) amongst adults in both rural and urban areas within Korea. Methods: A sample of 128,735 adults from the 2013 Community Health Survey (CHS) was analyzed using a multilevel logistic analysis. Results: Urban residents with higher satisfaction in public transportation satisfaction and rural residents with more access to sports parks, hiking trails, and bike cycle paths were more likely to be active...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503800/prevalence-of-fecal-carriage-of-ctx-m-15-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-healthy-children-from-a-rural-andean-village-in-venezuela
#13
María Araque, Indira Labrador
Objectives: Antimicrobial resistant extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) have been shown to be present in healthy communities. This study examined healthy children from the rural Andean village of Llano del Hato, Mérida, Venezuela, who have had little or no antibiotic exposure to determine the prevalence of fecal carriage of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC). Methods: A total of 78 fecal samples were collected in healthy children aged from 1 to 5 years...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503799/multilevel-analysis-of-the-risk-factors-in-high-risk-health-behavior-among-korean-adolescents
#14
Eun Gyeong Kim
Objectives: To examine health behaviors among Korean adolescents with a focus on both individual and school-based factors, specifically in relation to predictors of high-risk groups. Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted with data from the 8th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, using descriptive statistics, t tests, χ2 test, and multilevel logistic regression analysis. Health Practice Index was calculated and a range of 0 to 2 was classified as a high-risk group...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503798/a-joint-exercise-against-intentional-biothreats
#15
EDITORIAL
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354401/follow-up-study-of-patients-previously-diagnosed-with-lymphatic-filariasis-in-korea
#16
Hyeng Il Cheun, Hee Eun Shin, Da Won Ma, Sung Hee Hong, Tae Yun Kim, Sang Eun Lee, JungWon Ju, Yun-Kyu Park, Tong-Soo Kim, Shin Hyeong Cho
Objectives: Korea was an endemic area for lymphatic filariasis (LF), caused by the nematode parasite Brugia malayi , until the 1970s. The World Health Organization recognized Korea as LF-free in June 2008. However, it is necessary to confirm that patients that have had LF in the past still test negative, to prevent the re-emergence of LF in Korea. Methods: We followed up a total of 83 patients who had been diagnosed with LF between 2002 and 2010 in endemic LF areas...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354400/-in-vitro-antiviral-activity-of-sakuranetin-against-human-rhinovirus-3
#17
Hwa-Jung Choi
Objectives: Rhinoviruses (RVs) cause common cold and are associated with exacerbation of chronic inflammatory respiratory diseases. Until now, no clinically effective antiviral chemotherapeutic agents to treat diseases caused by human rhinoviruses (HRVs) have been reported. We assessed the anti-HRV3 activity of sakuranetin isolated from Sorbus commixta Hedl. in human epithelioid carcinoma cervix (HeLa) cells, to evaluate its anti-rhinoviral potential in the clinical setting. Methods: Antiviral activity and cytotoxicity as well as the effect of sakuranetin on HRV3-induced cytopathic effects (CPEs) were evaluated using the sulforhodamine B (SRB) method using CPE reduction...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354399/relationship-between-alcohol-purchasing-time-and-alcohol-use-disorder-in-south-korea
#18
Narcie Faith Amista, Sungsoo Chun, Mieun Yun
Objectives: Currently, time of alcohol purchase is not part of the policies to regulate alcohol consumption in South Korea. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between alcohol purchasing time and alcohol use disorder. Methods: The survey for this study was conducted in geographically diverse regions of South Korea in 2012. Respondents' purchasing behaviors for both on-licensed (i.e., allows for consumption within the premises) and off-licensed (i...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354398/effects-of-anti-smoking-public-service-announcements-on-the-attitudes-of-korean-college-students-toward-smoking
#19
Kyoung Won Cho, Jakyoung Lee, Ji-Hye Ryu, Soo Jeong Kim
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the effects of anti-smoking public service announcements on the attitudes of Korean college students toward smoking. Methods: This study involved students via convenience sampling from seven universities who were randomly assigned to four groups. All groups completed a preliminary questionnaire, before being shown a public service announcement twice, and then completed a post viewing questionnaire. Results: For announcements with positive messages, the proportion of changes in beliefs and attitudes were 39...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354397/development-of-a-new-approach-to-determine-the-potency-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccines-using-flow-cytometry
#20
Eunjeong Gweon, Chanwoong Choi, Jaeok Kim, Byungkuk Kim, Hyunkyung Kang, Taejun Park, Sangja Ban, Minseok Bae, Sangjin Park, Jayoung Jeong
Objectives: To circumvent the limitations of the current golden standard method, colony-forming unit (CFU) assay, for viability of Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccines, we developed a new method to rapidly and accurately determine the potency of BCG vaccines. Methods: Based on flow cytometry (FACS) and fluorescein diacetate (FDA) as the most appropriate fluorescent staining reagent, 17 lots of BCG vaccines for percutaneous administration and 5 lots of BCG vaccines for intradermal administration were analyzed in this study...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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