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Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402385/corrigendum-to-associations-between-social-and-physical-environments-and-physical-activity-in-adults-from-urban-and-rural-regions-osong-public-health-res-perspect-2018-9-1-16-24
#1
Bongjeong Kim, Hye Sun Hyun
[This corrects the article on p. 16 in vol. 9, PMID: 29503801.].
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402384/evaluation-of-potency-on-diphtheria-and-tetanus-toxoid-for-adult-vaccines-by-in-vivo-toxin-neutralization-assay-using-national-reference-standards
#2
Chan Woong Choi, Jae Hoon Moon, Jae Ok Kim, Si Hyung Yoo, Hyeon Guk Kim, Jung-Hwan Kim, Tae Jun Park, Sung Soon Kim
Objectives: Vaccinations against diphtheria and tetanus are essential in providing immunity against these bacterial infections. The potency of diphtheria and tetanus toxoid vaccines can be measured using the in vivo toxin neutralization assay. The limit of potency of this assay was determined only for children. Therefore, we assessed the potency of adult vaccines using this assay to identify the feasibility of limit for adult vaccines. Methods: Fifteen lots of tetanus-reduced diphtheria and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccines were used...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402383/army-soldiers-knowledge-of-attitude-towards-and-preventive-behavior-towards-tuberculosis-in-korea
#3
Yun Choi, Geum Hee Jeong
Objectives: The aim of this study was to gather information about Korean Army soldiers' attitude towards tuberculosis to enable the development of an informed educational program and potential intervention plans. Methods: There were 500 male soldiers serving in the Korean Army who responded to questionnaires regarding knowledge of, attitudes towards, and preventive behavior towards tuberculosis. The questionnaires were collected between September 10 until October 1, 2014...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402382/public-awareness-of-early-and-late-complications-of-type-2-diabetes-application-of-latent-profile-analysis-in-determining-questionnaire-cut-off-points
#4
Nasrin Shirmohammadi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Shiva Borzouei
Objectives: A questionnaire was designed to determine public understanding of early and late complications of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in participants who were selected using a multi-stage sampling method and a standard questionnaire of 67 questions was proposed. An expert panel selected 53 closed-ended questions for content validity to be included in the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested using Cronbach's alpha coefficient giving a score of 0...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402381/epidemiological-characterization-of-imported-systemic-mycoses-occurred-in-korea
#5
Seung-Hak Cho, Young-Bin Yu, Je-Seop Park, Keun-Dol Yook, Young-Kwon Kim
Objectives: Imported systemic mycoses is a severe fungal infection that can cause diseases in healthy people. However, there is a serious lack of epidemiological data about imported systemic mycoses. Therefore, an epidemiological characterization of imported systemic mycoses in Korea was performed. Methods: We collected health insurance data between 2008 and 2012 from the Health Insurance Corporation and analyzed the data to determine the prevalence and treatment management of imported systemic mycoses...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402380/changing-disease-trends-in-the-northern-gyeonggi-do-province-of-south-korea-from-2002-to-2013-a-big-data-study-using-national-health-information-database-cohort
#6
Young Soo Kim, Dong-Hee Lee, Hiun Suk Chae, Kyungdo Han
Objectives: To investigate the chronological patterns of diseases in Northern Gyeonggi-do province, South Korea, and compare these with national data. Methods: A National Health Insurance cohort based on the National Health Information Database (NHID Cohort 2002-2013) was used to perform a retrospective, population-based study (46,605,433 of the target population, of which 1,025,340 were randomly sampled) to identify disease patterns from 2002 to 2013. Common diseases including malaria, cancer (uterine cervix, urinary bladder, colon), diabetes mellitus, psychiatric disorders, hypertension, intracranial hemorrhage, bronchitis/bronchiolitis, peptic ulcer, and end stage renal disease were evaluated...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402379/factors-affecting-smoking-cessation-success-of-heavy-smokers-registered-in-the-intensive-care-smoking-cessation-camp-data-from-the-national-tobacco-control-center
#7
Hansol Yeom, Hee-Sook Lim, Jihyun Min, Seoni Lee, Yoon-Hyung Park
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors involved in the success of smoking cessation in heavy smokers enrolled in an intensive care smoking cessation camp program. Methods: Heavy smokers enrolled in the program were classified into a success ( n = 69) or failure ( n = 29) group, according to whether they maintained smoking cessation for 6 months after the end of the program. Demographics, smoking behaviors, and smoking cessation-related characteristics were analyzed...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402378/developing-the-high-risk-drinking-scorecard-model-in-korea
#8
Jun-Tae Han, Il-Su Park, Suk-Bok Kang, Byeong-Gyu Seo
Objectives: This study aimed to develop a high-risk drinking scorecard using cross-sectional data from the 2014 Korea Community Health Survey. Methods: Data were collected from records for 149,592 subjects who had participated in the Korea Community Health Survey conducted from 2014. The scorecard model was developed using data mining, a scorecard and points to double the odds approach for weighted multiple logistic regression. Results: This study found that there were many major influencing factors for high-risk drinkers which included gender, age, educational level, occupation, whether they received health check-ups, depressive symptoms, over-moderate physical activity, mental stress, smoking status, obese status, and regular breakfast...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402377/the-effects-of-task-oriented-circuit-training-using-rehabilitation-tools-on-the-upper-extremity-functions-and-daily-activities-of-patients-with-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#9
Jong-Hoon Moon, Kyoung-Young Park, Hee-Jin Kim, Chang-Ho Na
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of task-oriented circuit training (TOCT) using the rehabilitation tools for upper extremity function upon the daily life of patients with acute stroke. Methods: Eighteen patients with acute stroke were randomly allocated into either the experimental group or the control group. The experimental group performed the TOCT program using rehabilitation tools, whilst the control group had neuro-developmental treatment...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402376/relationships-between-virulence-factors-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-urinary-tract-infections-and-commensal-isolates-in-tehran-iran
#10
Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Mehri Habibi, Saeid Bouzari
Objectives: Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are the major cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we determined whether sensitivity to antibiotics was related to the prevalence of iron scavenging genes, or to biofilm and hemolysis formation. Methods: A total of 110 UPEC and 30 E coli isolates were collected from the urine of UTI patients and feces of healthy individuals without UTI, respectively. The presence of iron receptor genes and phenotypic properties were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction and phenotypic methods, respectively...
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402375/towards-a-smoke-free-society
#11
EDITORIAL
Hae-Wol Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159228/smoking-status-on-bone-health-and-osteoporosis-prevalence
#12
COMMENT
Vu H Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159227/joint-association-of-screen-time-and-physical-activity-with-obesity-findings-from-the-korea-media-panel-study
#13
Jihyung Shin
Objectives: There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior is associated with a higher risk of metabolic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional joint associations of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST), with the risk of obesity in Korean adults. Methods: The Korea Media Panel Study consisted of a household interview and a self-administered diary survey on media usage over 3 days. ST (hours/day) was defined as the reported daily average hours spent watching television, computing (i...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159226/factors-affecting-body-image-discordance-amongst-korean-adults-aged-19-39-years
#14
Hye-Young Jang, Jung-Won Ahn, Mi-Kyeong Jeon
Objectives: This study was designed to investigate factors affecting the discordance between body image and body mass index amongst Korean adults aged 19-39 years. Methods: Data ( N = 59,361) from the 2014 Korean Community Health Survey was analyzed using descriptive analysis, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis. Results: To examine the factors affecting body image discordance as observed in 43.1% of participants, the group was subdivided into underestimation and overestimation...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159225/the-prevalence-of-cyp2b6-gene-polymorphisms-in-malaria-endemic-population-of-timor-in-east-nusa-tenggara-indonesia
#15
Linawati Hananta, Indwiani Astuti, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Josephine Alice, Jontari Hutagalung, Mustofa
Objectives: The CYP2B6 is one of the most polymorphic CYP genes in humans that has the potential to modify the pharmacological and toxicological responses to clinically important drugs such as antimalarial artemisinin and its derivatives. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of CYP2B6 polymorphisms in Timor malaria endemic area, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia where Artemisin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) has been used to treat uncomplicated malaria. Methods: A total of 109 healthy subjects were participated in this study...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159224/effects-of-smoking-cessation-intervention-education-program-based-on-blended-learning-among-nursing-students-in-south-korea
#16
Sook-Hee Choi, Yun-Hee Kim
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate whether a "smoking cessation intervention" education program based on blended learning, was effective in improving nursing students' perceived competence and motivation to perform a smoking cessation intervention for smokers. Methods: A quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design was conducted. The smoking cessation intervention education program based on blended learning, was administered to the experimental group ( n = 23) in 5 sessions, consisting of 2 courses of an e-learning program and 1 course of a face-to-face learning program per session...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159223/regional-differences-of-mental-health-status-and-associated-factors-based-on-the-community-health-survey
#17
Ji Hye Lim
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in mental health specific to regions in Korea, and the factors that affected mental health status. Methods: Data from the 2016 Community Health Survey in Korea were used; 224,421 health survey participants provided responses on mental health issues, demographics, and health behavior, and were included in the study. Results: A statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence of mental health status between different regions of Korea...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159222/factors-that-correlate-with-poor-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-complications
#18
Mohammad Haghighatpanah, Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad, Maryam Haghighatpanah, Girish Thunga, Surulivelrajan Mallayasamy
Objectives: Inadequate glycemic control amongst patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) indicates a major public health problem and a significant risk factor for the progression and complications caused by diabetes. Glycemic control is the main therapeutic objective for the prevention of organ damage and other complications arising from diabetes. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of T2DM patients with complications, who were aged 40 years and older...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159221/evaluation-of-biofilm-formation-and-presence-of-ica-genes-in-staphylococcus-epidermidis-clinical-isolates
#19
Maryam Kord, Abdollah Ardebili, Maryam Jamalan, Roghaye Jahanbakhsh, Naser Behnampour, Ezzat Allah Ghaemi
Objectives: Biofilm formation is one of the important features of Staphylococcus epidermidis , particularly in nosocomial infections. We aimed to investigate the biofilm production by phenotypic methods and the presence of ica genes in S epidermidis . Methods: A total of 41 S epidermidis isolates were recovered from different clinical specimens. Biofilm formation was evaluated by microtiter plate, tube method and Congo red agar method. The presence of icaA and icaD genes was investigated by PCR...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159220/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-obesity-levels-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2015
#20
Kwanjun Park, Sunmi Lim, Yoonhyung Park, Woong Ju, Yoonhee Shin, Hansol Yeom
Objectives: The increase in the obesity rate in adult males in Korea is higher than countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and other Asian countries. We examined the trends and prevalence of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease by evaluating the weight status amongst adults from 2007 to 2015. Methods: The study included 37,402 adults, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The prevalence trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors were estimated for each body mass index group...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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