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Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812493/a-case-control-study-on-the-relationship-between-mycoplasma-genitalium-infection-in-women-with-normal-pregnancy-and-spontaneous-abortion-using-polymerase-chain-reaction
#1
Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Mazaher Khodabandehloo, Fariba Farhadifar, Samaneh Rouhi, Amjad Ahmadi, Shaho Menbari, Fariba Fallahi, Reza Mirnejad
OBJECTIVES: Mycoplasma genitalium infections are suggested as causes of a number of pathological outcomes in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of M. genitalium infections among pregnant women and its association with spontaneous abortion. METHODS: In this case-control study we included 109 women with spontaneous abortion with a gestational age of 10-20 weeks (patients), and 109 women with normal pregnancy with a gestational age of 20-37 weeks (controls) in Sanandaj, Iran...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812492/aids-awareness-indispensible-prerequisite-among-fishermen-population
#2
Swapna B Shetty, Darshan D Divakar, M H N Dalati, Sajith Vellappally, Sukumaran Anil, Marey A Alshehry, Baher Felemban, Al S Mamdouh, Obaid A Alshahrani
OBJECTIVES: Fishermen are among the most vulnerable groups for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS with reported high prevalence. Poor knowledge base has been evidenced by a few studies. The present study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among fishermen of the Kutch coast, Gujarat, India. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 950 fishermen of the Kutch coast, in the months of January-February 2015. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS of fishermen was assessed using structured interview schedules with 12 questions...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812491/tuberculosis-notification-completeness-and-timeliness-in-the-republic-of-korea-during-2012-2014
#3
Hae-Young Kang, Hyosoon Yoo, Wonseo Park, Unyeong Go, Eunkyeong Jeong, Ki-Suck Jung, Hyunjin Son
OBJECTIVES: Completeness and timeliness are key attributes of accurate disease surveillance. This study aimed to evaluate the completeness and timeliness of tuberculosis (TB) notification in the Republic of Korea, by comparing notification data from the Korean National Tuberculosis Surveillance System and reimbursement data from the National Health Insurance. METHODS: We evaluated reimbursement data from 103,075 cases (2012-2014) and surveillance data from 215,055 cases (2011-2015); cases were matched using Resident Registration Numbers...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812490/comparing-two-methods-of-cryotherapy-and-intense-pulsed-light-with-triamcinolone-injection-in-the-treatment-of-keloid-and-hypertrophic-scars-a-clinical-trial
#4
Simin Shamsi Meymandi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Azadeh Rezazadeh
OBJECTIVES: Keloid and hypertrophic scars are abnormal manifestations of wounds that occur following skin injuries in the form of local proliferation of fibroblasts and increased production of collagen. There are several ways to cure these scars; treatment must be selected based on the nature of the scars. In this clinical trial, two methods-cryotherapy and intense pulsed light (IPL)-are compared in the treatment of scars, and the results are presented in terms of improvement level, complications, and patient satisfaction...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812489/plasmid-mediated-quinolone-resistance-qnr-genes-in-clinical-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-collected-from-several-hospitals-of-qazvin-and-zanjan-provinces-iran
#5
Maryam Rezazadeh, Hamid Baghchesaraei, Amir Peymani
OBJECTIVES: Escherichia coli is regarded as the most important etiological agent of urinary tract infections. Fluoroquinolones are routinely used in the treatment of these infections; however, in recent years, a growing rate of resistance to these drugs has been reported globally. The aims of this study were to detect plasmid-mediated qnrA, qnrB, and qnrS genes among the quinolone-nonsusceptible E. coli isolates and to investigate their clonal relatedness in Qazvin and Zanjan Provinces, Iran...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812488/identification-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carbapenemase-producing-klebsiella-oxytoca-in-clinical-isolates-in-tehran-hospitals-iran-by-chromogenic-medium-and-molecular-methods
#6
Majid Validi, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Masoumeh Douraghi, Jalil Fallah Mehrabadi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani
OBJECTIVES: Production of carbapenemase, especially Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPC), is one of the antibiotic resistance mechanisms of Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella oxytoca. This study aimed to investigate and identify KPC-producing K. oxytoca isolates using molecular and phenotypic methods. METHODS: A total of 75 isolates of K. oxytoca were isolated from various clinical samples, and were verified as K. oxytoca after performing standard microbiological tests and using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812487/determining-the-prevalence-of-retinopathy-and-its-related-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-kerman-iran
#7
Reza Valizadeh, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Kambiz Bahaadini, Leila Vali, Tahereh Lashkari, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of retinopathy and its associated factors in diabetic patients referred to a diabetes center in an Iranian city. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study in which a researcher-made checklist was used to collect the data of patients with type 2 diabetes in 2015. The statistical population consisted of 11,770 health records of diabetic patients registered in a second-level diabetes center. Of the 11,770 health records, 206 records with the most complete data about patients with type 2 diabetes were selected through census method...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812486/relationship-between-water-intake-and-metabolic-heart-diseases-based-on-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#8
Soobin Jang, Chunhoo Cheon, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Sunju Park, So-Mi Oh, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between adequate water intake and the prevalence of metabolic/heart diseases. METHODS: We analyzed the data from the 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. All participants were divided into Group Above Adequate Intake (n = 736) and Group Below Adequate Intake (n = 4,819) according to water intake. The thresholds were 1.8 L for men and 1.4 L for women based on the World Health Organization report findings...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812485/how-do-sexual-identity-and-coming-out-affect-stress-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-south-korea
#9
Byonghee Cho, Aeree Sohn
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the status of sexual identity, perceived stigma, stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts. It also examined how sexual identity and "coming out" affect stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts. METHODS: Suicidal ideation, psychological health status, and health-related behaviors were assessed using the Internet to maximize the confidentiality of the participants, men who have sex with men (MSM). The data were collected from a total of 873 MSM aged between 19 years and 59 years in 2014...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812484/fallen-flowers
#10
EDITORIAL
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635378/factors-influencing-animal-bites-in-iran-a-descriptive-study
#11
Rouhullah Dehghani, Alireza Sharif, Mahla Madani, Hamed H Kashani, Mohammad R Sharif
OBJECTIVES: Animal bite is a significant health economic challenge worldwide. In Iran, there has been an increase in the number of animal bites in recent years. This study was performed to investigate the epidemiology of animal bites and their influencing factors in Semirom, Iran, from 2008 to 2012. METHODS: This was a descriptive study conducted for 5 years. The data were based on the information sheets presented in health-care centers concerning how to combat against rabies caused by animal bites...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635377/timing-of-spermarche-and-menarche-are-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-korean-adolescents
#12
Eun-Young Lee, Roman Pabayo, Ichiro Kawachi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the timing of menarche and spermarche and their associations with physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) after controlling for body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether the timing of menarche in girls and spermarche in boys is associated with PA and SB independent of BMI in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents (13-18 years; N = 74,186)...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635376/diversity-of-emotional-intelligence-among-nursing-and-medical-students
#13
Kyung Hee Chun, Euna Park
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of perception of emotional intelligence among nursing and medical students and their characteristics using Q methodology, and to build the basic data for the development of a program for the would-be medical professionals to effectively adapt to various clinical settings in which their emotions are involved. METHODS: Data were collected from 35 nursing and medical students by allowing them to classify 40 Q statements related to emotional intelligence and processed using the PC QUANL program...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635375/development-of-a-food-safety-and-nutrition-education-program-for-adolescents-by-applying-social-cognitive-theory
#14
Jounghee Lee, Soyeon Jeong, Gyeongah Ko, Hyunshin Park, Youngsook Ko
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop an educational model regarding food safety and nutrition. In particular, we aimed to develop educational materials, such as middle- and high-school textbooks, a teacher's guidebook, and school posters, by applying social cognitive theory. METHODS: To develop a food safety and nutrition education program, we took into account diverse factors influencing an individual's behavior, such as personal, behavioral, and environmental factors, based on social cognitive theory...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635374/assessment-of-service-quality-in-teaching-hospitals-of-yazd-university-of-medical-sciences-using-multi-criteria-decision-making-techniques
#15
Milad Shafii, Sima Rafiei, Fatemeh Abooee, Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Mojtaba Nouhi, Farhad Lotfi, Khatere Khanjankhani
OBJECTIVES: Hospitals as integrated parts of the wide-ranging health care systems have dominant focus on health care provision to meet, maintain and promote people's health needs of a community. This study aimed to assess the service quality of teaching hospitals of Yazd University of Medical Sciences using Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP) and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). METHODS: A literature review and a qualitative method were used to obtain experts' viewpoints about the quality dimensions of hospital services to design a questionnaire...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635373/evaluating-service-quality-from-patients-perceptions-application-of-importance-performance-analysis-method
#16
Rafat Mohebifar, Hana Hasani, Ameneh Barikani, Sima Rafiei
OBJECTIVES: Providing high service quality is one of the main functions of health systems. Measuring service quality is the basic prerequisite for improving quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of service in teaching hospitals using importance-performance analysis matrix. METHODS: A descriptive-analytic study was conducted through a cross-sectional method in six academic hospitals of Qazvin, Iran, in 2012. A total of 360 patients contributed to the study...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635372/high-tobacco-use-among-presumptive-tuberculosis-patients-south-india-time-to-integrate-control-of-two-epidemics
#17
Kunal Pradip Kanakia, Marie Gilbert Majella, Pruthu Thekkur, Gomathi Ramaswamy, Divya Nair, Palanivel Chinnakali
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco is an important risk factor for tuberculosis (TB) infection and TB disease. Identifying tobacco users and providing tobacco cessation services is expected to reduce the burden of TB. We assessed tobacco use among presumptive TB patients attending a tertiary hospital and their willingness to attend tobacco cessation services. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among presumptive TB patients attending a designated microscopy center of a tertiary hospital in South India...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635371/does-skipping-breakfast-and-being-overweight-influence-academic-achievement-among-korean-adolescents
#18
Yang Wha Kang, Jong-Hyock Park
OBJECTIVES: Health status and health behaviors are associated with academic achievement in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether skipping breakfast and being overweight are related to academic achievement of Korean adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on a sample of 1,652 high-school seniors (942 males and 710 females) drawn from the 2004 Korea Education Employment Panel were analyzed. RESULTS: A higher proportion of males (15...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635370/distribution-of-antibodies-specific-to-the-19-kda-and-33-kda-fragments-of-plasmodium-vivax-merozoite-surface-protein-1-in-two-pathogenic-strains-infecting-korean-vivax-malaria-patients
#19
Sylvatrie-Danne Dinzouna-Boutamba, Sanghyun Lee, Ui-Han Son, Su-Min Song, Hye Soo Yun, So-Young Joo, Dongmi Kwak, Man Hee Rhee, Dong-Il Chung, Yeonchul Hong, Youn-Kyoung Goo
OBJECTIVES: Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein 1 (PvMSP1) is the most intensively studied malaria vaccine candidate. Although high antibody response-inducing two C-terminal fragments of PvMSP1 (PvMSP1-19 and PvMSP1-42) are currently being developed as candidate malaria vaccine antigens, their high genetic diversity in various isolates is a major hurdle. The sequence polymorphism of PvMSP1 has been investigated; however, the humoral immune responses induced by different portions of this protein have not been evaluated in Korea...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635369/a-moment-of-truth
#20
EDITORIAL
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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