journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AMB Express

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233287/loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-pora-pseudogene-a-rapid-and-reliable-method-to-detect-gonorrhea
#1
Mei-Ling Liu, Yong Xia, Xing-Zhong Wu, Jian-Qiong Huang, Xu-Guang Guo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Rapid detection is crucial for effective prevention and treatment. This study developed and tested a low-cost effective method for detecting N. gonorrhoeae, especially in developing countries. METHODS: DNA from a N. gonorrhoeae standard strain, as well as from 26 genital secretion samples of gonorrhea patients, were isolated and used for loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay, which was conducted using either an automatic real-time PCR analyzer or a water bath...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233286/thymol-and-carvacrol-induce-autolysis-stress-growth-inhibition-and-reduce-the-biofilm-formation-by-streptococcus-mutans
#2
Shams Tabrez Khan, Merajuddin Khan, Javed Ahmad, Rizwan Wahab, Omar H Abd-Elkader, Javed Musarrat, Hamad Z Alkhathlan, Abdulaziz A Al-Kedhairy
Organic compounds from plants are an attractive alternative to conventional antimicrobial agents. Therefore, two compounds namely M-1 and M-2 were purified from Origanum vulgare L. and were identified as carvacrol and thymol, respectively. Antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of these compounds along with chlorhexidine digluconate using various assays was determined against dental caries causing bacteria Streptococcus mutans. The IC50 values of carvacrol (M-1) and thymol (M-2) against S. mutans were 65 and 54 µg/ml, respectively...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229436/purification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-ubiquitin-like-antitumour-protein-with-hemagglutinating-and-deoxyribonuclease-activities-from-the-edible-mushroom-ramaria-botrytis
#3
Rong Zhou, Ya-Jie Han, Min-Hui Zhang, Ke-Ren Zhang, Tzi Bun Ng, Fang Liu
A novel ubiquitin-like antitumour protein (RBUP) was isolated from fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Ramaria botrytis. The protein was isolated with a purification protocol involving ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose fast flow and gel filtration on Sephadex G-75. SDS-PAGE, Native-PAGE and ultracentrifugation analysis disclosed that RBUP was a monomeric protein with a molecular weight of 18.5 kDa. ESI-MS/MS demonstrated that it shared 69% amino acid sequence similarity with Coprinellus congregates ubiquitin (gi|136667)...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229435/design-and-pharmacodynamics-of-recombinant-nz2114-histidine-mutants-with-improved-activity-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#4
Huixian Chen, Ruoyu Mao, Da Teng, Xiumin Wang, Ya Hao, Xingjun Feng, Jianhua Wang
NZ2114 is a promising candidate for therapeutic application owing to its potent activity to Staphylococcus aureus. Our objective was to identify NZ2114 derivatives with improved activity through substitution of His16 and His18 with residues Arginine and Lysine. Eight mutants were designed and expressed in Pichia pastoris X-33 via pPICZαA. Five of them exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against S. aureus at low minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.057-0.454 μM. Among them, H1, H2, and H3 showed ideal pharmacodynamic effects on methicillin-resistant S...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224439/complementary-function-of-two-transketolase-isoforms-from-moniliella-megachiliensis-in-relation-to-stress-response
#5
Hisashi Iwata, Yosuke Kobayashi, Daiki Mizushima, Taisuke Watanabe, Jun Ogihara, Takafumi Kasumi
Two transketolase isogenes, MmTKL1 and MmTKL2, isolated from Moniliella megachiliensis were investigated for their roles in stress response and erythritol biosynthesis. The encoded proteins were highly homologous in amino acid sequence and domain structure. Two stress response elements (STREs) were found upstream of MmTKL1, while no STRE was found upstream of MmTKL2. In contrast, two Ap-1 elements were present upstream of MmTKL2, but none were detected upstream of MmTKL1. MmTKL2 partially complemented the aromatic amino acid auxotrophy of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae tkl1 deletion mutant, suggesting that at least one of the MmTKLs functioned as a transketolase in vivo...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220445/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antibacterial-effect-of-nz2114-against-streptococcus-suis-type-2-infection-in-mice-peritonitis-models
#6
Jian Jiao, Ruoyu Mao, Da Teng, Xiumin Wang, Ya Hao, Na Yang, Xiao Wang, Xingjun Feng, Jianhua Wang
NZ2114 is a promising candidate for therapeutic application owing to potent activity to gram-positive bacterium such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. This work is the first report to describe the in vitro and in vivo antibacterial characteristics of NZ2114 against Streptococcus suis. It exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against S. suis type 2 strains CVCC 606, CVCC 3309, and CVCC 3928 at a low minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.03-0.06 μM. The NZ2114 killed over 99.9% of tested S...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213885/epigenetic-modifier-induced-enhancement-of-fumiquinazoline-c-production-in-aspergillus-fumigatus-ga-l7-an-endophytic-fungus-from-grewia-asiatica-l
#7
Ankita Magotra, Manjeet Kumar, Manoj Kushwaha, Praveen Awasthi, Chand Raina, Ajai Prakash Gupta, Bhahwal A Shah, Sumit G Gandhi, Asha Chaubey
Present study relates to the effect of valproic acid, an epigenetic modifier on the metabolic profile of Aspergillus fumigatus (GA-L7), an endophytic fungus isolated from Grewia asiatica L. Seven secondary metabolites were isolated from A. fumigatus (GA-L7) which were identified as: pseurotin A, pseurotin D, pseurotin F2, fumagillin, tryprostatin C, gliotoxin and bis(methylthio)gliotoxin. Addition of valproic acid in the growth medium resulted in the alteration of secondary metabolic profile with an enhanced production of a metabolite, fumiquinazoline C by tenfolds...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211005/resequencing-and-annotation-of-the-nostoc-punctiforme-attc-29133-genome-facilitating-biofuel-and-high-value-chemical-production
#8
Luis E Moraes, Matthew J Blow, Erik R Hawley, Hailan Piao, Rita Kuo, Jennifer Chiniquy, Nicole Shapiro, Tanja Woyke, James G Fadel, Matthias Hess
Cyanobacteria have the potential to produce bulk and fine chemicals and members belonging to Nostoc sp. have received particular attention due to their relatively fast growth rate and the relative ease with which they can be harvested. Nostoc punctiforme is an aerobic, motile, Gram-negative, filamentous cyanobacterium that has been studied intensively to enhance our understanding of microbial carbon and nitrogen fixation. The genome of the type strain N. punctiforme ATCC 29133 was sequenced in 2001 and the scientific community has used these genome data extensively since then...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205102/a-simple-portable-electrochemical-biosensor-to-screen-shellfish-for-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#9
Noordiana Nordin, Nor Azah Yusof, Jaafar Abdullah, Son Radu, Roozbeh Hushiarian
An earlier electrochemical mechanism of DNA detection was adapted and specified for the detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in real samples. The reader, based on a screen printed carbon electrode, was modified with polylactide-stabilized gold nanoparticles and methylene blue was employed as the redox indicator. Detection was assessed using a microprocessor to measure current response under controlled potential. The fabricated sensor was able to specifically distinguish complementary, non-complementary and mismatched oligonucleotides...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205101/microbial-community-compositions-in-different-functional-zones-of-carrousel-oxidation-ditch-system-for-domestic-wastewater-treatment
#10
Dong Xu, Sitong Liu, Qian Chen, Jinren Ni
The microbial community diversity in anaerobic-, anoxic- and oxic-biological zones of a conventional Carrousel oxidation ditch system for domestic wastewater treatment was systematically investigated. The monitored results of the activated sludge sampled from six full-scale WWTPs indicated that Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Acidobacteria and Nitrospirae were dominant phyla, and Nitrospira was the most abundant and ubiquitous genus across the three biological zones...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197985/inonotus-obliquus-polysaccharide-regulates-gut-microbiota-of-chronic-pancreatitis-in-mice
#11
Yang Hu, Chunying Teng, Sumei Yu, Xin Wang, Jinsong Liang, Xin Bai, Liying Dong, Tao Song, Min Yu, Juanjuan Qu
Polysaccharide is efficient in attenuation of metabolic ailments and modulation of gut microbiota as prebiotics. The therapeutic effect of Inonotus obliquus polysaccharide (IOP) on chronic pancreatitis (CP) in mice has been validated in our previous study. However, it is not clear whether IOP is conducive to maintaining the homeostasis between gut microbiota and host. The aim of this study is to testify the potential effects of IOP on gut microbiota composition and diversity in mice with CP. The changes in glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), total antioxidant capacity (TAOC), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), lipase and trypsin levels were measured by commercial assay kits, meanwhile the gut microbiota composition and diversity were analyzed by high throughput sequencing...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197984/quantifying-bacterial-attachment-and-detachment-using-leaching-solutions-of-various-ionic-strengths-after-bacterial-pulse
#12
Nag-Choul Choi, Jae-Woo Choi, Kyu-Sang Kwon, Sang-Gil Lee, Soonjae Lee
In this study, we quantified the attachment and detachment of bacteria during transport in order to elucidate the contributions of reversible attachment on bacterial breakthrough curves. The first set of breakthrough experiment was performed for a laboratory sand column using leaching solutions of deionized water and mineral salt medium (MSM) of 200 mM with reference to KCl solution by employing Pseudomonas putida as a model bacterium. In the second set of experiment, the ionic strengths of leaching solutions immediately after bacterial pulse were lowered to tenfold and 100-fold diluted system (2 and 20 mM MSM) to focus on the influence of physicochemical factor...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194744/heterogeneous-expression-of-dnak-gene-from-alicyclobacillus-acidoterrestris-improves-the-resistance-of-escherichia-coli-against-heat-and-acid-stress
#13
Xixi Xu, Lingxia Jiao, Xin Feng, Junjian Ran, Xinhong Liang, Ruixiang Zhao
Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, an acidophilic and thermophilic bacteria, is an important microbial resource for stress resistance genes screening. In this study, DnaK gene from A. acidoterrestris was subcloned to construct the recombinant plasmid pET28a-DnaK. The successful construction of the plasmid was verified by double-enzyme digestion and sequencing analysis. The recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 and isopropy-β-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG) was used to induce recombinant E...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194743/comparison-of-microbial-communities-from-different-jinhua-ham-factories
#14
Qingfeng Ge, Yubin Gu, Wangang Zhang, Yongqi Yin, Hai Yu, Mangang Wu, Zhijun Wang, Guanghong Zhou
Microbes in different aged workshops play important roles in the flavor formation of Jinhua ham. However, microbial diversity, community structure and age related changes in workshops are poorly understood. The microbial community structure and diversity in Jinhua ham produced in factories that have 5, 15, and 30 years of history in processing hams were compared using the pyrosequencing technique. Results showed that 571,703 high-quality sequences were obtained and located in 242 genera belonging to 18 phyla...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176283/effect-of-nitrogen-availability-on-the-poly-3-d-hydroxybutyrate-accumulation-by-engineered-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#15
Diogo J Portugal-Nunes, Sudhanshu S Pawar, Gunnar Lidén, Marie F Gorwa-Grauslund
Poly-3-D-hydroxybutyrate (or PHB) is a polyester which can be used in the production of biodegradable plastics from renewable resources. It is naturally produced by several bacteria as a response to nutrient starvation in the excess of a carbon source. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae could be an alternative production host as it offers good inhibitor tolerance towards weak acids and phenolic compounds and does not depolymerize the produced PHB. As nitrogen limitation is known to boost the accumulation of PHB in bacteria, the present study aimed at investigating the effect of nitrogen availability on PHB accumulation in two recombinant S...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168573/increasing-cocoa-butter-like-lipid-production-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-by-expression-of-selected-cocoa-genes
#16
Yongjun Wei, Michael Gossing, David Bergenholm, Verena Siewers, Jens Nielsen
Cocoa butter (CB) extracted from cocoa beans mainly consists of three different kinds of triacylglycerols (TAGs), 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (POP, C16:0-C18:1-C16:0), 1-palmitoyl-3-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (POS, C16:0-C18:1-C18:0) and 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (SOS, C18:0-C18:1-C18:0), but CB supply is limited. Therefore, CB-like lipids (CBL, which are composed of POP, POS and SOS) are in great demand. Saccharomyces cerevisiae produces TAGs as storage lipids, which are also mainly composed of C16 and C18 fatty acids...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168572/expression-purification-and-functionality-of-bioactive-recombinant-human-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf165-in-e-coli
#17
Awatef Taktak-BenAmar, Maram Morjen, Hazem Ben Mabrouk, Rania Abdelmaksoud-Dammak, Mohamed Guerfali, Najla Fourati-Masmoudi, Naziha Marrakchi, Ali Gargouri
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is associated with tumour growth and metastasis. Because VEGF is the major player in both angiogenesis and vascular permeability and the most explored factor in angio-inhibitory therapies, many expression procedures have been developed to produce functional VEGF165 in convenient yield. In this study, recombinant human VEGF165 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli (BL21)-DE3 cells and large scale production was performed by fermentation. A high yield of active soluble protein was obtained after protein extraction employing both lysozyme and sonication treatment...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155199/molecular-breeding-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-with-high-rna-content-by-harnessing-essential-ribosomal-rna-transcription-regulator
#18
Yu Sasano, Takahiro Kariya, Shogo Usugi, Minetaka Sugiyama, Satoshi Harashima
As yeast is commonly used for RNA production, it is industrially important to breed strains with high RNA contents. The upstream activating factor (UAF) plays an important role in transcription of ribosomal RNA (rRNA), a major constituent of intracellular RNA species. Here, we targeted the essential rRNA transcription regulator Rrn5 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a component of the UAF complex, and disrupted the genomic RRN5 gene using a helper plasmid carrying an RRN5 gene. Then we isolated nine suppressor mutants (Sup mutants) of RRN5 gene disruption, causing deficiency in rRNA transcription...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144889/screening-of-filamentous-fungi-for-antimicrobial-silver-nanoparticles-synthesis
#19
Cristiane Angélica Ottoni, Marta Filipa Simões, Sara Fernandes, Jonas Gomes Dos Santos, Elda Sabino da Silva, Rodrigo Fernando Brambilla de Souza, Alfredo Eduardo Maiorano
The present work had the goal of screening a batch of 20 fungal strains, isolated from sugar cane plantation soil, in order to identify those capable of biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. These nanoparticles are known to have a large and effective application in clinical microbiology. Four strains were found to be capable of biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. The biosynthesised nanoparticles were characterised by UV-vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, EDX, and XRD. They were found to have an average size of 30-100 nm, a regular round shape, and potential antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144888/characterization-and-robust-nature-of-newly-isolated-oleaginous-marine-yeast-rhodosporidium-spp-from-coastal-water-of-northern-china
#20
Qiuzhen Wang, Yan Cui, Biswarup Sen, Wenmeng Ma, Rose Lynn Zheng, Xianhua Liu, Guangyi Wang
A total of ten marine yeast strains isolated from Bohai Sea, Northern China were identified to be members of three genera Rhodosporidium, Rhodotorula, and Cryptococcus. Two representative strains Rhodosporidium TJUWZ4 and Cryptococcus TJUWZA11 with high lipid content based on Nile red staining method were further characterized. A wide range of culture conditions (C and N sources, pH, temperature, salinity and C/N ratio) were tested to characterize the biomass and lipid production (yield and productivity) of these strains...
December 2017: AMB Express
journal
journal
43602
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"