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AMB Express

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728309/escherichia-coli-outer-membrane-protein-f-ompf-an-immunogenic-protein-induces-cross-reactive-antibodies-against-escherichia-coli-and-shigella
#1
Xiao Wang, Da Teng, Qingfeng Guan, Ruoyu Mao, Ya Hao, Xiumin Wang, Junhu Yao, Jianhua Wang
Diarrhea caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the most serious infectious diseases in humans and animals. Due to antibiotics resistance and the lack of efficient vaccine, more attention should be paid to find potential versatile vaccine candidates to prevent diseases. In this study, the sequence homology analysis indicated that OmpF from E. coli CVCC 1515 shares a high identity (90-100%) with about half of the E. coli (46.7%) and Shigella (52.8%) strains. Then the recombinant OmpF was supposed to be developed as a versatile vaccine to prevent E...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724263/mutagenesis-and-characterization-of-a-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-strain-for-cinnamomum-camphora-seed-kernel-oil-extraction-by-aqueous-enzymatic-method
#2
Cheng Zeng, Rongbin Zhao, Maomao Ma, Zheling Zeng, Deming Gong
The purpose of the present study was to increase the proteinase activity of the strain NCU116 by combining ultraviolet irradiation and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso guanidine treatment, in order to enhance the efficiency of Cinnamomum camphora seed kernel oil (CCSKO) extraction by aqueous enzymatic method (AEM). The mutated strain, designated as NCU116-1, was screened out by the ratio of hydrolytic zone diameter to colony diameter on skim milk plate. The proteinase activity (9116.1 U/ml) of NCU116-1 was increased by 31...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724262/phytohormones-and-induction-of-plant-stress-tolerance-and-defense-genes-by-seed-and-foliar-inoculation-with-azospirillum-brasilense-cells-and-metabolites-promote-maize-growth
#3
Josiane Fukami, Francisco Javier Ollero, Manuel Megías, Mariangela Hungria
Azospirillum spp. are plant-growth-promoting bacteria used worldwide as inoculants for a variety of crops. Among the beneficial mechanisms associated with Azospirillum inoculation, emphasis has been given to the biological nitrogen fixation process and to the synthesis of phytohormones. In Brazil, the application of inoculants containing A. brasilense strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6 to cereals is exponentially growing and in this study we investigated the effects of maize inoculation with these two strains applied on seeds or by leaf spray at the V2...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724261/development-of-a-sandwich-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-dtmp-gh-fusion-protein-by-rational-immunogen-selection
#4
Song Wang, Mingqiang Shen, Shilei Chen, Cheng Wang, Fang Chen, Mo Chen, Gaomei Zhao, Xinze Ran, Tianmin Cheng, Yongping Su, Yang Xu, Junping Wang
dTMP-GH is a chimeric protein containing a tandem dimer of thrombopoietin mimetic peptide (dTMP) fused to human growth hormone (hGH) prepared previously by our team. It shows significant bioactivity in promoting thrombocytopoiesis, but detection of intact dTMP-GH in plasma is still a challenge due to the presence of endogenous hGH. In this study, a rabbit polyclonal antibody with high affinity to dTMP was obtained with a BSA-conjugated immunogen composed of 20 amino acids sequence spanning two TMP and the linker...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697587/detection-of-bacterial-sulfatase-activity-through-liquid-and-solid-phase-colony-based-assays
#5
Hey Young Yoon, Hyung Jun Kim, Soojin Jang, Jong-In Hong
Bacterial arylsulfatases are crucial to biosynthesis in many microorganisms, as bacteria often utilize aryl sulfates as a source of sulfur. The bacterial sulfatases are associated with pathogenesis and are applied in many areas such as industry and agriculture. We developed an activity-based probe 1 for detection of bacterial sulfatase activity through liquid- and solid-phase colony-based assays. Probe 1 is hydrolyzed by sulfatase to generate fluorescent N-methyl isoindole, which is polymerized to form colored precipitates...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697586/quality-evaluation-of-alpinia-oxyphylla-after-aspergillus-flavus-infection-for-storage-conditions-optimization
#6
Xiangsheng Zhao, Jianhe Wei, Yakui Zhou, Weijun Kong, Meihua Yang
In the storage of Alpinia oxyphylla, growth of mildew (especially toxic fungi, such as Aspergillus flavus) is a potential safety risk. Few reports have investigated how A. oxyphylla storage conditions impact mold growth or how mold growth impacts the bioactive components of A. oxyphylla. In this study, sterilized A. oxyphylla samples were contaminated by artificial inoculation of A. flavus spores. The main chemical components and aflatoxin levels in the infected A. oxyphylla samples were characterized. Central composite design-response surface methodology was used to study the effects of different temperature and humidity of storage conditions on the fungal growth in A...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697585/isolation-and-characterization-of-arctic-microorganisms-decomposing-bioplastics
#7
Aneta K Urbanek, Waldemar Rymowicz, Mateusz C Strzelecki, Waldemar Kociuba, Łukasz Franczak, Aleksandra M Mirończuk
The increasing amount of plastic waste causes significant environmental pollution. In this study, screening of Arctic microorganisms which are able to degrade bioplastics was performed. In total, 313 microorganisms were isolated from 52 soil samples from the Arctic region (Spitsbergen). Among the isolated microorganisms, 121 (38.66%) showed biodegradation activity. The ability of clear zone formation on emulsified poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate) (PBSA) was observed for 116 microorganisms (95.87%), on poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) for 73 microorganisms (60...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697584/genetic-evidence-for-a-novel-competence-inhibitor-in-the-industrially-important-bacillus-licheniformis
#8
Christine Muth, Meike Buchholz, Christina Schmidt, Sonja Volland, Friedhelm Meinhardt
Natural genetic competence renders bacteria able to take up and, in case there is sufficient homology to the recipient's chromosome, integrate exogenously supplied DNA. Well studied in Bacillus subtilis, genetic competence is-in several aspects-known to be differently regulated in Bacillus licheniformis. We now report on the identification of a novel, chromosomally encoded homolog of a competence inhibitor in B. licheniformis (ComI) that has hitherto only been described as a plasmid borne trait in the ancestral B...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697583/the-gut-microbiota-in-larvae-of-the-housefly-musca-domestica-and-their-horizontal-transfer-through-feeding
#9
Yao Zhao, Wanqiang Wang, Fen Zhu, Xiaoyun Wang, Xiaoping Wang, Chaoliang Lei
House fly larvae provide a prolific and sustainable source of proteins used in poultry and fish feed. Wheat bran is a superior diet for house fly larvae and has been widely investigated to exploit its potential in the food and feed area. Using Illumina MiSeq 16S rDNA sequencing, this study investigated the gut microbiota of house fly larvae feeding on wheat bran and the bacterial community in the wheat bran. The bacterial communities in the house fly larvae were dominated by the phyla Proteobacteria and Firmicutes...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697582/the-role-of-inorganic-nitrogen-in-successful-formation-of-granular-biofilms-for-wastewater-treatment-that-support-cyanobacteria-and-bacteria
#10
Kristie Stauch-White, Varun N Srinivasan, W Camilla Kuo-Dahab, Chul Park, Caitlyn S Butler
Recently, the use of phototrophs for wastewater treatment has been revisited because of new approaches to separate them from effluent streams. One manifestation uses oxygenic photogranules (OPGs) which are dense, easily-settleable granular biofilms of cyanobacteria, which surrounding populations of heterotrophs, autotrophs, and microalgae. OPGs can remove COD and nitrogenous compounds without external aeration. To better grow and maintain biomass in the proposed wastewater process, this study seeks to understand the factors that contribute to successful granulation...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687037/biodegradation-and-biodetoxification-of-fusarium-mycotoxins-by-sphaerodes-mycoparasitica
#11
Seon Hwa Kim, Vladimir Vujanovic
A fungus Sphaerodes mycoparasitica SMCD 2220-01 is a host specific mycoparasite against plant pathogenic Fusarium species. Fusarium spp. are producing a plethora of mycotoxins including zearalenone (ZEN), deoxynivalenol (DON) and its acetylated derivatives, 3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (3-ADON) and 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (15-ADON). The SMCD 2220-01 strain substantially reduced DON, 3-ADON, 15-ADON, and ZEN production capacity in co-culture system. Degradation and detoxification of the pure mycotoxins were also achieved when exposed to SMCD 2220-01 in shake flasks...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687036/photosynthetic-poly-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-accumulation-in-unicellular-cyanobacterium-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6714
#12
Donya Kamravamanesh, Stefan Pflügl, Winfried Nischkauer, Andreas Limbeck, Maximilian Lackner, Christoph Herwig
Poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production from CO2 has the potential to reduce the production cost of this biodegradable polyesters, and also to make the material more sustainable compared to utilization of sugar feedstocks. In this study the unicellular cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6714 has been identified as an unexplored potential organism for production of PHB. Synechocystis sp. PCC 6714 was studied under various cultivation conditions and nutritional limitations. Combined effects of nitrogen and phosphorus deficiency led to highest PHB accumulation under photoautotrophic conditions...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687035/effect-of-eudragit-s100-nanoparticles-and-alginate-chitosan-encapsulation-on-the-viability-of-lactobacillus-acidophilus-and-lactobacillus-rhamnosus
#13
Fereshteh Ansari, Hadi Pourjafar, Vahid Jodat, Javad Sahebi, Amir Ataei
In this study, we examined a novel method of microencapsulation with calcium alginate-chitosan and Eudragit S100 nanoparticles for the improving viability of probiotic bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus rhamnosus. Extrusion technique was carried out in microencapsulation process. The viability of two probiotics in single coated beads (with only chitosan), double coated beads (with chitosan and Eudragit nanoparticles), and as free cells (unencapsulated) were conducted in simulated gastric juice (pH 1...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658945/comparison-of-duplex-pcr-and-phenotypic-analysis-in-differentiating-candida-dubliniensis-from-candida-albicans-from-oral-samples
#14
Asanga Sampath, Manjula Weerasekera, Ayomi Dilhari, Chinthika Gunasekara, Uditha Bulugahapitiya, Neluka Fernando, Lakshman Samaranayake
Candida dubliniensis shares a wide range of phenotypic characteristics with Candida albicans including a common trait called germ tube positivity. Hence, laboratory differentiation of these two species is cumbersome. Duplex PCR analyses for C. albicans and C. dubliniensis was performed directly on DNA extracted from a total of 122 germ tube positive isolates derived from 100 concentrated oral rinse samples from a random cohort of diabetics attending a clinic in Sri Lanka. These results were confirmed by DNA sequencing of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA of the yeasts...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658944/hydraulic-retention-time-and-ph-affect-the-performance-and-microbial-communities-of-passive-bioreactors-for-treatment-of-acid-mine-drainage
#15
Tomo Aoyagi, Takaya Hamai, Tomoyuki Hori, Yuki Sato, Mikio Kobayashi, Yuya Sato, Tomohiro Inaba, Atsushi Ogata, Hiroshi Habe, Takeshi Sakata
For acceleration of removing toxic metals from acid mine drainage (AMD), the effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and pH on the reactor performance and microbial community structure in the depth direction of a laboratory-scale packed-bed bioreactor containing rice bran as waste organic material were investigated. The HRT was shortened stepwise from 25 to 12 h, 8 h, and 6 to 5 h under the neutral condition using AMD neutralized with limestone (pH 6.3), and from 25 to 20 h, 12 h, and 8 to 7 h under the acid condition using AMD (pH 3...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655218/isolation-and-characterization-of-burkholderia-fungorum-gan-35-with-the-outstanding-ammonia-nitrogen-degrading-ability-from-the-tailings-of-rare-earth-element-mines-in-southern-jiangxi-china
#16
Ai-Juan Feng, Xi Xiao, Cong-Cong Ye, Xiao-Ming Xu, Qing Zhu, Jian-Ping Yuan, Yue-Hui Hong, Jiang-Hai Wang
The exploitation of rare-earth-element (REE) mines has resulted in severe ammonia nitrogen pollution and induced hazards to environments and human health. Screening microorganisms with the ammonia nitrogen-degrading ability provides a basis for bioremediation of ammonia nitrogen-polluted environments. In this study, a bacterium with the outstanding ammonia nitrogen-degrading capability was isolated from the tailings of REE mines in southern Jiangxi Province, China. This strain was identified as Burkholderia fungorum Gan-35 according to phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655217/preventing-subclinical-necrotic-enteritis-through-lactobacillus-johnsonii-bs15-by-ameliorating-lipid-metabolism-and-intestinal-microflora-in-broiler-chickens
#17
Xiaodan Qing, Dong Zeng, Hesong Wang, Xueqin Ni, Lei Liu, Jing Lai, Abdul Khalique, Kangcheng Pan, Bo Jing
Increasing studies have focused on the beneficial effects of Lactobacillus johnsonii in certain diseases. Here, we studied the prevention ability of a probiotic strain, L. johnsonii BS15 on subclinical necrotic enteritis (SNE), and its underlying mechanism. 180 male Cobb 500 chicks were randomly allotted into three groups and administrated with BS15 (1 × 10(6) cfu/g) or Man Rogosa Sharpe liquid medium throughout a 28-day experimental period. With the exception of the normal group, SNE infection was treated for the remaining experimental period after the chicks were fed with normal diet 14 days...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655216/phenotypic-and-genomic-survey-on-organic-acid-utilization-profile-of-pseudomonas-mendocina-strain-s5-2-a-vineyard-soil-isolate
#18
Teik Min Chong, Jian-Woon Chen, Wah-Seng See-Too, Choo-Yee Yu, Geik-Yong Ang, Yan Lue Lim, Wai-Fong Yin, Catherine Grandclément, Denis Faure, Yves Dessaux, Kok-Gan Chan
Root exudates are chemical compounds that are released from living plant roots and provide significant energy, carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus sources for microbes inhabiting the rhizosphere. The exudates shape the microflora associated with the plant, as well as influences the plant health and productivity. Therefore, a better understanding of the trophic link that is established between the plant and the associated bacteria is necessary. In this study, a comprehensive survey on the utilization of grapevine and rootstock related organic acids were conducted on a vineyard soil isolate which is Pseudomonas mendocina strain S5...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655215/development-of-a-new-method-based-on-unmodified-gold-nanoparticles-and-peptide-nucleic-acids-for-detecting-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-rna
#19
Maryam Askaravi, Seyedeh Elham Rezatofighi, Saadat Rastegarzadeh, Masoud Reza Seifi Abad Shapouri
A simple colorimetric assay is presented for detecting bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV)-RNA based on aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in the presence of charge-neutral peptide nucleic acids (PNA). Free charge-neutral PNA oligomers tended to be adsorbed onto AuNPs and act as a coagulant, whereas hybridizing complementary RNA with PNA disrupted PNA-induced AuNP aggregation, and the NPs remained stable. However, non-complementary RNA did not have this effect, and PNA induced aggregation of the AuNPs that resulted in a color change of the reaction from red to blue...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655214/nutritional-value-chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-three-tuber-species-from-china
#20
Xiangyuan Yan, Yanwei Wang, Xiaoyu Sang, Li Fan
Nutritional value, chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the traditional edible truffles Tuber latisporum, T. subglobosum and T. pseudohimalayense, from China were evaluated. Powder formulations of the three truffles revealed the presence of essential nutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates and unsaturated fatty acids, and T. latisporum presented the highest contents of total sugar (50.10 g/100 g) and monounsaturated fatty acids (265.19 mg/100 g dw); T. pseudohimalayense showed the highest content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (367...
December 2017: AMB Express
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