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AMB Express

Shi-Huo Liu, Hong-Fei Li, Yang Yang, Dong Wei, Hong-Bo Jiang, Wei Dou, Guo-Rui Yuan, Jin-Jun Wang
Phormicins belong to defensin family, which are important antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in insects. These AMPs are inducible upon challenging by immune triggers. In the present study, we identified the cDNA of a phormicin gene (BdPho) in the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), a ruinous agricultural pest causing great economic losses to fruits and vegetables. The cDNA of BdPho contains a 282 bp open reading frame encoding 93 amino acid residues, and the predicted molecular weight and isoelectric point of BdPho peptide were 9...
January 11, 2018: AMB Express
Hailei Wang, Yi Li, Kun Zhang, Yingqun Ma, Ping Li
In this study, a biomembrane surface fermentation was used to produce red pigments of Penicillium novae-zelandiae, and the significant improvement in pigment production by the addition of 0.4 g/L of tyrosine demonstrated that the red pigments probably contained betalain. Therefore, one red pigment was purified, and identified as 2-decarboxybetanin by high-resolution mass spectrometry (MS) and MS/MS analysis. Transcriptomic analysis revealed the differentially expressed genes and metabolic profile of P. novae-zelandiae in response to different cultivations and exhibited the complete biosynthetic pathway of 2-decarboxybetanin in P...
January 8, 2018: AMB Express
Hadi Eslami, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Hossein Falahzadeh, Parvaneh Talebi Hematabadi, Rasoul Khosravi, Arash Dalvand, Abbas Esmaeili, Mahmoud Taghavi, Ali Asghar Ebrahimi
In this study, the efficiency of Integrated Fixed-film Activated Sludge (IFAS) system in synthetic greywater treatment and nutrients removal was studied in duration of 105 days according to different Organic Loadings Rates (OLRs). The study was operated in pilot-scale and OLRs of 0.11-1.3 gCOD/L.d. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) image showed that the biofilm with a proper thickness was formed on IFAS reactor's media. The results indicated that the best removal efficiency of BOD5, COD, and TSS were 85...
January 8, 2018: AMB Express
Yu Zhang, Rui Sun, Aijuan Zhou, Jiaguang Zhang, Yunbo Luan, Jianna Jia, Xiuping Yue, Jie Zhang
Most studies have employed aeration-biofiltration process for the simultaneous removal of iron, manganese and ammonia in groundwater. However, what's inside the "black box", i.e., the potential contribution of functional microorganisms behavior and interactions have seldom been investigated. Moreover, little attention has been paid to the correlations between environmental variables and functional microorganisms. In this study, the performance of industrial-scale biofilters for the contaminated groundwater treatment was studied...
January 8, 2018: AMB Express
Franziska Enzmann, Florian Mayer, Michael Rother, Dirk Holtmann
Since fossil sources for fuel and platform chemicals will become limited in the near future, it is important to develop new concepts for energy supply and production of basic reagents for chemical industry. One alternative to crude oil and fossil natural gas could be the biological conversion of CO2 or small organic molecules to methane via methanogenic archaea. This process has been known from biogas plants, but recently, new insights into the methanogenic metabolism, technical optimizations and new technology combinations were gained, which would allow moving beyond the mere conversion of biomass...
January 4, 2018: AMB Express
Qingming Zhang, Muhammad Saleem, Caixia Wang
Chlorothalonil, a non-systemic and broad-spectrum fungicide, is widely used to control the pathogens of agricultural plants. Although microbial degradation of chlorothalonil is known, we know little about the colonization and degradation capacity of these microbes in the natural and semi-natural soil environments. Therefore, we studied the colonization and detoxification potential of a chlorothalonil degrading Stenotrophomonas acidaminiphila probiotic strain BJ1 in the soil under green conditions. The results from polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis demonstrated that probiotic strain BJ1 successfully colonized the soil by competing with the native biota...
December 23, 2017: AMB Express
Seung-Hee Nam, Jeongjin Park, Woojin Jun, Doman Kim, Jin-A Ko, A M Abd El-Aty, Jin Young Choi, Do-Ik Kim, Kwang-Yeol Yang
Gallic acid glycoside was enzymatically synthesized by using dextransucrase and sucrose from gallic acid. After purification by butanol partitioning and preparative HPLC, gallic acid glucoside was detected at m/z 355 (C13, H16, O10, Na)+ by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The yield of gallic acid glucoside was found to be 35.7% (114 mM) by response surface methodology using a reaction mixture of 319 mM gallic acid, 355 mM sucrose, and 930 mU/mL dextransucrase...
December 22, 2017: AMB Express
Mohammad Hossein Salmani, Mohammad Abedi, Sayed Ahmad Mozaffari, Hossien Ali Sadeghian
Pomegranate waste modified with Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions followed with carbonization were used as an adsorbent to remove the Pb2+ ions from aqueous solution. To optimum the highest adsorption efficiency, adsorption experiments were conducted on iron modified carbons by batch technique. The characteristic of composite was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). The best pH for control of chemical adsorption was selected within pH of 6.0-6.5. It was observed that the contact time of 90 min, initial concentration 50...
December 22, 2017: AMB Express
Carolina Díaz-Cárdenas, Angela Cantillo, Laura Yinneth Rojas, Tito Sandoval, Susana Fiorentino, Jorge Robles, Freddy A Ramos, María Mercedes Zambrano, Sandra Baena
In order to select halophilic microorganisms as a source of compounds with cytotoxic activities, a total of 135 bacterial strains were isolated from water and sediment samples collected from the Zipaquirá salt mine in the Colombian Andes. We determined the cytotoxic effects of 100 crude extracts from 54 selected organisms on the adherent murine mammary cell carcinoma 4T1 and human mammary adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cell lines. These extracts were obtained from strains of Isoptericola, Ornithinimicrobium, Janibacter, Nesterenkonia, Alkalibacterium, Bacillus, Halomonas, Chromohalobacter, Shewanella, Salipiger, Martellela, Oceanibaculum, Caenispirillum and Labrenzia...
December 22, 2017: AMB Express
Richa Singh, Utkarsha U Shedbalkar, Shradhda B Nadhe, Sweety A Wadhwani, Balu A Chopade
Metals present in environment render the bacteria to attain certain resistance machinery to survive, one of which is transformation of metal ions to nano forms. Various enzymes and proteins have been suggested to play significant role in synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in bacteria. In present study, we have purified lignin peroxidase from secreted enzyme extract of Acinetobacter sp. employing diethyl aminoethyl cellulose ion exchange and Biogel P-150 gel filtration column chromatography. The purified fraction has a specific activity of 1...
December 22, 2017: AMB Express
Hui Chen, Jinjing Zhang, Haibo Hao, Zhiyong Feng, Mingjie Chen, Hong Wang, Ming Ye
In the present study, we aimed to assess the effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) on the physicochemical characteristics and antioxidant capacity of Hypsizygus marmoreus during 12 days of postharvest storage at 4 °C. Different concentrations of HRW (25, 50 and 100%) were tested, and our data showed that 25% HRW treatment had the most significant effect on preservation of nutrients in H. marmoreus compared with the control group. In addition, 25% HRW treatment significantly reduced the relative electrolyte leakage rate and malonaldehyde (MDA) content (P < 0...
December 20, 2017: AMB Express
Igor Vinicius Ramos Otero, Milene Ferro, Maurício Bacci, Henrique Ferreira, Lara Durães Sette
Laccases are multicopper oxidases that are able to catalyze reactions involving a range of substrates, including phenols and amines, and this ability is related to the existence of different laccases. Basidiomycetes usually have more than one gene for laccase, but until now, this feature has not been demonstrated in a marine-derived fungus. Peniophora sp. CBMAI 1063 is a basidiomycete fungus isolated from a marine sponge that exhibits the ability to secrete significant amounts of laccase in saline conditions...
December 20, 2017: AMB Express
Qian Su, Tianyi Jin, Yuan Yu, Min Yang, Haijin Mou, Li Li
A novel endo-type β-agarase was cloned from an agar-degrading bacterium, Microbulbifer sp. Q7 (CGMCC No. 14061), that was isolated from sea cucumber gut. The agarase-encoding gene, ID2563, consisted of 1800 bp that encoded a 599-residue protein with a signal peptide of 19 amino acids. Sequence analysis suggested that the agarase belongs to the GH16 family. The agarase was expressed in Escherichia coli with a total activity of 4.99 U/mL in fermentation medium. The extracellular enzyme activity accounted for 65...
December 19, 2017: AMB Express
Ji-Hyeon Choi, Min-Ju Seo, Kyung-Chul Shin, Ki Won Lee, Deok-Kun Oh
20(S)-Protopanaxadiol (APPD) has potential uses in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries because of its anti-stress, anti-fatigue, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-wrinkle properties. However, APPD production is difficult because β-glycosidases that convert the protopanaxadiol (PPD)-type ginsenoside compound K to APPD are rare. β-Glycosidase from Dictyoglomus turgidum (DT-bgl) has the highest specific activity for converting compound K to APPD, but exhibits no activity towards the α-L-arabinopyranoside moiety in compound Y...
December 14, 2017: AMB Express
L N Ikryannikova, M V Malakhova, G G Lominadze, I Yu Karpova, E S Kostryukova, N A Mayansky, A N Kruglov, E A Klimova, E S Lisitsina, E N Ilina, V M Govorun
S. pneumoniae is a facultative human pathogen causing a wide range of infections including the life-threatening pneumoniae or meningitis. It colonizes nasopharynx as well as its closest phylogenetic relatives S. pseudopneumoniae and S. mitis. Both the latter, despite the considerable morphological and phenotypic similarity with the pneumococcus, are considerably less pathogenic for humans and cause infections mainly in the immunocompromized hosts. In this work, we compared the inhibitory effect of S. pneumoniae and its relatives on the growth of Moraxella catarrhalis strains using the culture-based antagonistic test...
December 13, 2017: AMB Express
Jinjin Pei, Hai Jiang, Xinsheng Li, Wengang Jin, Yanduo Tao
Yak butter is one of the most important foods for the Tibetan people. Of note, its production yields waste yak milk as a by-product. In this work, waste yak milk protein hydrolysates made via Pepsin hydrolysis were shown to have antimicrobial activity. Furthermore, an innovative method of magnetic liposome adsorption combined with reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was developed to screen for and purify the antimicrobial peptides. Two antimicrobial peptides were obtained and their amino acid sequences were determined by N-sequencing, namely Arg-Val-Met-Phe-Lys-Trp-Ala and Lys-Val-Ile-Ser-Met-Ile...
December 6, 2017: AMB Express
Simon Oussama Khelissa, Charafeddine Jama, Marwan Abdallah, Rabah Boukherroub, Christine Faille, Nour-Eddine Chihib
Following publication of the original article (Khelissa et al. 2017), the authors reported that the legend for Fig. 3 contained an error. Instead of "Adhesion of planktonic and biofilm-detached Staphylococcus aureus cells on stainless steel and polycarbonate. Cell cultures were grown at 20, 30 and 37 °C, during 24 h (white square) and 48 h (white square). Planktonic cells adhesion on stainless steel (a) and polycarbonate (b). Adhesion of stainless steel-biofilm-detached-cells on stainless steel 24 (c) and polycarbonate-biofilm-detached-cells on polycarbonate (d)", the legend should read "Adhesion of planktonic and biofilm-detached Staphylococcus aureus cells on stainless steel and polycarbonate...
December 5, 2017: AMB Express
Ya-Qin Wei, Hong-Jian Yang, Rui-Jun Long, Zhi-Ye Wang, Bin-Bin Cao, Qin-Chang Ren, Tian-Tian Wu
Anaerobic fungi reside in the gut of herbivore and synergize with associated methanogenic archaea to decompose ingested plant biomass. Despite their potential for use in bioconversion industry, only a few natural fungus-methanogen co-cultures have been isolated and characterized. In this study we identified three co-cultures of Piromyces with Methanobrevibacter ruminantium from the rumen of yaks grazing on the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau. The representative co-culture, namely (Piromyces + M. ruminantium) Yak-G18, showed remarkable polysaccharide hydrolase production, especially xylanase...
December 2017: AMB Express
Ali Toolabi, Mohammad Malakootian, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Ali Esrafili, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Maesome Tabatabaei, Mohsen AskarShahi
Contamination of water resources by acetamiprid pesticide is considered one of the main environmental problems. The aim of this study was the optimization of acetamiprid removal from aqueous solutions by TiO2/Fe3O4/SiO2 nanocomposite using the response surface methodology (RSM) with toxicity assessment by Pseudomonas aeruginosa BCRC. To obtain the optimum condition for acetamiprid degradation using RSM and central composite design (CCD). The magnetic TiO2/Fe3O4/SiO2 nanocomposite was synthesized using co-precipitation and sol-gel methods...
December 2017: AMB Express
Amir Hussain, Martin Kangwa, Marcelo Fernandez-Lahore
The successful industrial production of ethanol and fine chemicals requires the development of new biocatalytic reactors and support materials to achieve economically viable processes. In this work, a Stirred-Catalytic-Basket-BioReactor using various immobilizing foams as support material and compared to free cells were used, focusing mainly on; (i) effect of mass-transfer on cells physiology and (ii) ethanol productivity. The performance of the reactor was further evaluated by ethanol volumetric productivity, yield and time for process completion and it was found that the variation of ethanol production and diffusion of the substrate in fermentation process are co-related with the stirrer speed and initial glucose concentration...
December 2017: AMB Express
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