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Nursing Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392942/anxiety-in-cancer-patients-during-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-low-dose-a-comparison-of-anxiety-levels-before-and-after-imaging-studies
#1
Ana Grilo, Lina Vieira, Elisabete Carolino, Cátia Oliveira, Carolina Pacheco, Maria Castro, Juan Alonso
Objective. Assessing the level of anxiety in oncology patients who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan and identifying the main reasons that generate anxiety. Material and Method. The study included 81 cancer patients submitted to the (18)F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan. Patients filled in the Scan Experience Questionnaire and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) before and after (18)F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan. Results. Substantial levels of anxiety were detected both before and after (18)F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan (STAI mean > 30), with a significant increase in the state of anxiety after scan performance (p < 0...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326195/faculty-perceptions-of-online-teaching-effectiveness-and-indicators-of-quality
#2
Christine Frazer, Debra Henline Sullivan, Deborah Weatherspoon, Leslie Hussey
Online education programs in nursing are increasing rapidly. Faculty need to be competent in their role and possess the skills necessary to positively impact student outcomes. Existing research offers effective teaching strategies for online education; however, there may be some disconnect in the application of these strategies and faculty perceptions of associated outcomes. Focus groups were formed to uncover how nursing faculty in an online program define and describe teaching effectiveness and quality indicators in an asynchronous online environment...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326194/nurses-and-physicians-attitudes-toward-nurse-physician-collaboration-a-survey-from-gaza-strip-palestine
#3
Aymen Elsous, Mahmoud Radwan, Samah Mohsen
Interprofessional collaboration and teamwork between nurses and physicians is essential for improving patient outcomes and quality of health services. This study examined the attitudes of nurses and physicians toward nurse-physician collaboration. A cross-sectional study was conducted among nurses and physicians (n = 414) in two main referral public hospitals in the Gaza Strip using the Arabic Jefferson Scale of Attitude toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration. Descriptive statistics and difference of means, proportions, and correlations were examined using Student's t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation and p < 0...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270936/aggression-from-patients-or-next-of-kin-and-exposure-to-bullying-behaviors-a-conglomerate-experience
#4
Iselin Reknes, Guy Notelaers, Nils Magerøy, Ståle Pallesen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente Elisabeth Moen, Ståle Einarsen
Although workplace violence and aggression have been identified as important stressors in the nursing profession, studies simultaneously comparing patient-initiated aggression and exposure to bullying behaviors at work are rather scarce. The aim of this study was to compare aggression from patients or next of kin and exposure to bullying behaviors in terms of prevalence, health-related quality of life outcomes, and potential overlap in those targeted. In the period of 2008-2009, data were collected among 2059 members of the Norwegian Nurses Organization...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265469/identifying-and-intervening-in-child-maltreatment-and-implementing-related-national-guidelines-by-public-health-nurses-in-finland-and-japan
#5
Kayoko Suzuki, Eija Paavilainen, Mika Helminen, Aune Flinck, Natsuko Hiroyama, Taiko Hirose, Noriko Okubo, Motoko Okamitsu
Aim. This study aimed to investigate how public health nurses identify, intervene in, and implement the guidelines on child maltreatment in Finland and Japan and to compare the data between the two countries. Method. This study employed a cross-sectional design. Public health nurses' knowledge and skills with respect to child maltreatment prevention were assessed using a questionnaire consisting of three categories: identification, intervention, and implementation of guidelines. Public health nurses working in the area of maternal and child health care in Finland (n = 193) and Japan (n = 440) were the participants...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250987/comparing-intravenous-insertion-instructional-methods-with-haptic-simulators
#6
REVIEW
Lenora A McWilliams, Ann Malecha
Objective. The objective of this review was to compare traditional intravenous (IV) insertion instructional methods with the use of haptic IV simulators. Design. An integrative research design was used to analyze the current literature. Data Sources. A search was conducted using key words intravenous (IV) insertion or cannulation or venipuncture and simulation from 2000 to 2015 in the English language. The databases included Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete, Education Resource Information Center, and Medline...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191350/psychological-distress-in-healthy-low-risk-first-time-mothers-during-the-postpartum-period-an-exploratory-study
#8
Christina Murphey, Patricia Carter, Larry R Price, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Francine Nichols
Psychological distress, defined as depression, anxiety, and insomnia in this study, can occur following the birth of a baby as new mothers, in addition to marked physiological changes, are faced with adapting to new roles and responsibilities. We investigated the cooccurrence of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia in mothers during the postpartum period; tested the feasibility of study methods and procedures for use in this population; and identified new mothers interest in using cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) as an intervention for reducing psychological distress...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168053/breastfeeding-supports-and-services-in-rural-hawaii-perspectives-of-community-healthcare-workers
#9
Jeanie L Flood
Background. In the state of Hawaii, breastfeeding initiation rates are higher than the national average but fall below target rates for duration. Accessing breastfeeding support services is challenging for mothers living in rural areas of the state. Healthcare workers (HCWs) working with mothers and infants are in a key position to encourage and support breastfeeding efforts. The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of a Hawaiian community's (specifically Hilo, Hawai'i) breastfeeding service and support issues...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127470/psychometric-properties-of-the-family-inventory-of-resources-for-management-in-a-sample-of-iranian-family-caregivers-of-cancer-patients
#10
Seyed Reza Mirsoleymani, Camelia Rohani, Mahsa Matbouei, Malihe Nasiri, Parvaneh Vasli
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Family Inventory of Resources for Management (FIRM) in a sample of family caregivers of cancer patients. Methods. In this methodological study, construct validity of the FIRM was evaluated by known groups and convergent validity in a convenience sample of family caregivers of cancer patients (n = 104) referred to the outpatient oncology wards of five educational hospitals in Tehran from January to April 2016. Reliability was determined by assessing the internal consistency and stability of the instrument...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116155/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-care-needs-of-turkish-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Neslisah Yasar, Semiha Akin
This descriptive study explored the quality of life and care needs of Turkish patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The study sample consisted of 100 hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. Their quality of life was assessed using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant Scale. The mean patient age was 44.99 ± 13.92 years. Changes in sexual functions, loss of hair, loss of taste, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbances were the most common symptoms. The quality of life of transplant patients was moderately affected; the functional well-being and social/family well-being subscales were the most adversely and least negatively affected (12...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116154/attitudes-and-behaviours-of-health-workers-and-the-use-of-hiv-aids-health-care-services
#12
Jonathan M Dapaah
Background. This article discusses how health workers relate to and communicate with clients of VCT and ART treatment. It also looks at how health worker practices in the form of attitudes and behaviours towards clients influence the use of these services. Methods. In-depth interviews, informal conversations, and participant observation were used to collect data from health workers providing VCT and ART and clients who access these services in two Ghanaian hospitals. Results. The study found that health workers providing these services, with the exception of a few, generally showed positive attitudes and behaviours towards clients during clinical encounters...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097022/from-blank-canvas-to-masterwork-creating-a-professional-practice-model-at-a-magnet-hospital
#13
Lynda J Dimitroff, Donna M Tydings, Sue Nickoley, Lynn W Nichols, Maureen E Krenzer
Objective. The purpose of this study was to engage registered nurses (RNs) in the creation of a Professional Practice Model (PPM). Background. PPMs are essential as the philosophical underpinnings for nursing practice. The study institution created a new PPM utilizing the voice of their RNs. Methods. Qualitative inquiry with focus groups was conducted to explore RNs values and beliefs about their professional practice. Constant-comparative analysis was used to code data and identify domains. Results. The 92 RN participants represented diverse roles and practice settings...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083149/attitudes-regarding-participation-in-a-diabetes-screening-test-among-an-assyrian-immigrant-population-in-sweden
#14
Susanne Andersson, Veronika Karlsson, Louise Bennet, Klas Fellbrant, Margareta Hellgren
Immigrants from the Middle East have higher prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with native Swedes. The aim of the study was to describe and understand health beliefs in relation to T2D as well as attitudes regarding participation in a screening process in a local group of Assyrian immigrants living in Sweden. A qualitative and quantitative method was chosen in which 43 individuals participated in a health check-up and 13 agreed to be interviewed. Interviews were conducted, anthropometric measurements and blood tests were collected, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078138/use-of-action-research-in-nursing-education
#15
REVIEW
Susan D Moch, R Todd Vandenbark, Shelley-Rae Pehler, Angela Stombaugh
Purpose. The purpose of this article is to describe action research in nursing education and to propose a definition of action research for providing guidelines for research proposals and criteria for assessing potential publications for nursing higher education. Methods. The first part of this project involved a search of the literature on action research in nursing higher education from 1994 to 2013. Searches were conducted in the CINAHL and MEDLINE databases. Applying the criteria identified, 80 publications were reviewed...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044104/assessing-nurses-knowledge-of-glasgow-coma-scale-in-emergency-and-outpatient-department
#16
Harvinderjit Kaur A/P Basauhra Singh, Mei Chan Chong, Hari Chandran A/L Thambinayagam, Mohd Idzwan Bin Zakaria, Siew Ting Cheng, Li Yoong Tang, Nurul Hafizan Azahar
Assessment of level of consciousness using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a tool requiring knowledge that is important in detecting early deterioration in a patient's level of consciousness. Critical thinking used with the skill and knowledge in assessing the GCS is the foundation of all nursing practice. This study aims to explore the knowledge and competence in assessing the GCS among staff nurses working in the Emergency and Outpatient Departments. This is a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study design using the GCS Knowledge Questionnaire...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044103/the-staff-nurse-clinical-leader-at-the-bedside-swedish-registered-nurses-perceptions
#17
Inga E Larsson, Monika J M Sahlsten
Registered nurses at the bedside are accountable for and oversee completion of patient care as well as directly leading and managing the provision of safe patient care. These nurses have an informal leadership role that is not associated with any given position. Leadership is a complex and multifaceted concept and its meaning is unclear, especially in the staff nurse context. The aim was to describe registered nurses' perceptions of what it entails to be the leader at the bedside in inpatient physical care...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018673/caregivers-lack-of-disclosure-skills-delays-disclosure-to-children-with-perinatal-hiv-in-resource-limited-communities-multicenter-qualitative-data-from-south-africa-and-botswana
#18
Sphiwe Madiba
To promote the appropriate implementation of procedures for health disclosure to children, it is important to understand the reasons why caregivers delay the disclosure of healthcare information to children. This paper explored the views of caregivers on what makes disclosure to children with perinatal acquired HIV (PAH) difficult and what could make disclosure in these cases easier. Data were collected using focus group interviews with caregivers who were purposely selected from a multicenter study conducted in Botswana and South Africa...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980866/breastfeeding-among-latino-families-in-an-urban-pediatric-office-setting
#19
Elizabeth Sloand, Chakra Budhathoki, Julia Junn, Dolly Vo, Victoria Lowe, Amy Pennington
Objective. To determine the breastfeeding rate of Latino infants at an urban pediatric clinic in the first six months of life and to identify factors associated with breastfeeding. Methods. Investigators conducted a retrospective chart review of infants seen at the clinic in 2014 as part of a mixed methods study. Topics reviewed included demographics, infant health data, and feeding methods at 5 points in time. Bivariate correlations and cross-tabulations explored associations between variables. Results. Most of the mothers (75%) fed their newborns with both breastfeeding and formula (las dos)...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895940/real-time-reporting-of-small-operational-failures-in-nursing-care
#20
Kathleen R Stevens, Robert L Ferrer
Addressing microsystem problems from the frontline holds promise for quality enhancement. Frontline providers are urged to apply quality improvement; yet no systematic approach to problem detection has been tested. This study investigated a self-report approach to detecting operational failures encountered during patient care. Methods. Data were collected from 5 medical-surgical units over 4 weeks. Unit staff documented operational failures on a small distinctive Pocket Card. Frequency distributions for the operational failures in each category were calculated for each hospital overall and disaggregated by shift...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
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