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Nursing Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097022/from-blank-canvas-to-masterwork-creating-a-professional-practice-model-at-a-magnet-hospital
#1
Lynda J Dimitroff, Donna M Tydings, Sue Nickoley, Lynn W Nichols, Maureen E Krenzer
Objective. The purpose of this study was to engage registered nurses (RNs) in the creation of a Professional Practice Model (PPM). Background. PPMs are essential as the philosophical underpinnings for nursing practice. The study institution created a new PPM utilizing the voice of their RNs. Methods. Qualitative inquiry with focus groups was conducted to explore RNs values and beliefs about their professional practice. Constant-comparative analysis was used to code data and identify domains. Results. The 92 RN participants represented diverse roles and practice settings...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083149/attitudes-regarding-participation-in-a-diabetes-screening-test-among-an-assyrian-immigrant-population-in-sweden
#2
Susanne Andersson, Veronika Karlsson, Louise Bennet, Klas Fellbrant, Margareta Hellgren
Immigrants from the Middle East have higher prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with native Swedes. The aim of the study was to describe and understand health beliefs in relation to T2D as well as attitudes regarding participation in a screening process in a local group of Assyrian immigrants living in Sweden. A qualitative and quantitative method was chosen in which 43 individuals participated in a health check-up and 13 agreed to be interviewed. Interviews were conducted, anthropometric measurements and blood tests were collected, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078138/use-of-action-research-in-nursing-education
#3
REVIEW
Susan D Moch, R Todd Vandenbark, Shelley-Rae Pehler, Angela Stombaugh
Purpose. The purpose of this article is to describe action research in nursing education and to propose a definition of action research for providing guidelines for research proposals and criteria for assessing potential publications for nursing higher education. Methods. The first part of this project involved a search of the literature on action research in nursing higher education from 1994 to 2013. Searches were conducted in the CINAHL and MEDLINE databases. Applying the criteria identified, 80 publications were reviewed...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044104/assessing-nurses-knowledge-of-glasgow-coma-scale-in-emergency-and-outpatient-department
#4
Harvinderjit Kaur A/P Basauhra Singh, Mei Chan Chong, Hari Chandran A/L Thambinayagam, Mohd Idzwan Bin Zakaria, Siew Ting Cheng, Li Yoong Tang, Nurul Hafizan Azahar
Assessment of level of consciousness using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a tool requiring knowledge that is important in detecting early deterioration in a patient's level of consciousness. Critical thinking used with the skill and knowledge in assessing the GCS is the foundation of all nursing practice. This study aims to explore the knowledge and competence in assessing the GCS among staff nurses working in the Emergency and Outpatient Departments. This is a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study design using the GCS Knowledge Questionnaire...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044103/the-staff-nurse-clinical-leader-at-the-bedside-swedish-registered-nurses-perceptions
#5
Inga E Larsson, Monika J M Sahlsten
Registered nurses at the bedside are accountable for and oversee completion of patient care as well as directly leading and managing the provision of safe patient care. These nurses have an informal leadership role that is not associated with any given position. Leadership is a complex and multifaceted concept and its meaning is unclear, especially in the staff nurse context. The aim was to describe registered nurses' perceptions of what it entails to be the leader at the bedside in inpatient physical care...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018673/caregivers-lack-of-disclosure-skills-delays-disclosure-to-children-with-perinatal-hiv-in-resource-limited-communities-multicenter-qualitative-data-from-south-africa-and-botswana
#6
Sphiwe Madiba
To promote the appropriate implementation of procedures for health disclosure to children, it is important to understand the reasons why caregivers delay the disclosure of healthcare information to children. This paper explored the views of caregivers on what makes disclosure to children with perinatal acquired HIV (PAH) difficult and what could make disclosure in these cases easier. Data were collected using focus group interviews with caregivers who were purposely selected from a multicenter study conducted in Botswana and South Africa...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980866/breastfeeding-among-latino-families-in-an-urban-pediatric-office-setting
#7
Elizabeth Sloand, Chakra Budhathoki, Julia Junn, Dolly Vo, Victoria Lowe, Amy Pennington
Objective. To determine the breastfeeding rate of Latino infants at an urban pediatric clinic in the first six months of life and to identify factors associated with breastfeeding. Methods. Investigators conducted a retrospective chart review of infants seen at the clinic in 2014 as part of a mixed methods study. Topics reviewed included demographics, infant health data, and feeding methods at 5 points in time. Bivariate correlations and cross-tabulations explored associations between variables. Results. Most of the mothers (75%) fed their newborns with both breastfeeding and formula (las dos)...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895940/real-time-reporting-of-small-operational-failures-in-nursing-care
#8
Kathleen R Stevens, Robert L Ferrer
Addressing microsystem problems from the frontline holds promise for quality enhancement. Frontline providers are urged to apply quality improvement; yet no systematic approach to problem detection has been tested. This study investigated a self-report approach to detecting operational failures encountered during patient care. Methods. Data were collected from 5 medical-surgical units over 4 weeks. Unit staff documented operational failures on a small distinctive Pocket Card. Frequency distributions for the operational failures in each category were calculated for each hospital overall and disaggregated by shift...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882246/the-impact-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-adequacy-on-the-health-of-nurses-a-pilot-investigation
#9
Timothy R Jordan, Jagdish Khubchandani, Michael Wiblishauser
Stress and coping abilities influence the health and work performance of nurses. However, little is known about the combined influence of stress perception and perceived coping adequacy and its impact on the health of nurses. This study examined the relationship between stress, coping, and the combined influences of perceived stress and coping abilities on health and work performance. A valid and reliable questionnaire was completed by 120 nurses in a Midwestern hospital in the USA. In general, the nurses were not healthy: 92% had moderate-to-very high stress levels; 78% slept less than 8 hours of sleep per night; 69% did not exercise regularly; 63% consumed less than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day; and 22% were classified as binge drinkers...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843646/the-nps-role-of-assessing-and-intervening-with-older-adult-drivers
#10
Tamatha Arms
As the silver tsunami continues, assessing and intervening with older adult drivers are becoming an essential aspect of the comprehensive geriatric exam. The current lack of time efficient clinical guidelines is a concern and barrier for NPs. The purpose of this study was to identify strategies currently used by NPs. The critical incident technique was used to obtain data from a convenience sample of NPs. A total of 89 incidents were collected. The perspective of the NP can provide important information for developing clinical guidelines to promote individual and community safety...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777798/mentoring-nurses-in-political-skill-to-navigate-organizational-politics
#11
Wanda Montalvo, Mary W Byrne
Objective. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the correlations between mentoring functions and political skill development among nurses who have earned or are candidates for a Ph.D. or doctorate of nursing practice (DNP) degree. Background. The healthcare system is in flux; future generations of Ph.D. and DNP nurse leaders will be required to demonstrate political acumen. Political skill to navigate organizational politics has had limited research within nursing. Methods. A cross-sectional research design using a web-based survey of 222 nurses who have earned or are candidates for a Ph...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703810/relatives-to-critically-ill-patients-have-no-sense-of-coherence-a-quality-improvement-article-using-mixed-methods
#12
Jannie Laursen, Kristoffer Andresen, Jacob Rosenberg
Aims and Objective. To investigate the relatives' satisfaction and involvement on a general surgery ward regarding the critically ill patient. Introduction. Relatives to critically ill patients are affected both physically and mentally during the hospitalization of a family member. Research has shown that relatives do not always receive the attention they need from health professionals. There is a lack of studies that focus on relatives' satisfaction and involvement during their family members' hospitalization...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672452/an-exploratory-study-using-cortisol-to-describe-the-response-of-incarcerated-women-ipv-survivors-to-mambra-intervention
#13
Janette Y Taylor, Ezra C Holston
Objective. To determine if incarcerated women survivors of IPV had a physiological response to the Music and Account-Making for Behavioral-Related Adaptation (MAMBRA) intervention, as measured by cortisol levels. Methods. A single-group repeated measures designed exploratory study was used to pilot-test MAMBRA. A convenience sample (n = 33) was recruited in a Midwestern women's correctional facility. Serving as their own control, participants provided demographics and pre-/post-MAMBRA salivary samples while attending four MAMBRA sessions...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563462/eliciting-challenges-on-social-connectedness-among-filipino-nurse-returnees-a-cross-sectional-mixed-method-research
#14
Mary Jane L Cortez, Christian V Del Rosario, Michael Joseph S DiƱo
This cross-sectional study utilized a nested concurrent design to determine the association of Filipino nurse returnees' length of stay since they returned and their social connectedness as well as the essence of communication from their perspective. The respondents, who are Filipino nurses (n = 107) who worked abroad and returned to the Philippines for good, were employed from June to July of 2015 via referrals from colleges and institutions in Metro Manila and Bulacan areas in the Philippines. The quantitative results revealed, in one hand, significant but weak correlation between the respondent's length of stay and social connectedness (r = 0...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525115/experiences-of-african-students-in-predominantly-white-institutions-a-literature-overview
#15
REVIEW
Davis Inyama, Allison Williams, Kay McCauley
The objective of this paper is to examine research conducted on the experiences of African health sciences students in predominantly white higher education institutions/environments. The main elements of cross-cultural adaptation models were adopted to discuss the amalgamated themes under the auspices of adjustment, integration, and conditioning. The overview revealed that African students encounter unique experiences, with isolation and "feeling different" being commonly mentioned. Recommendations for future research are presented, including programmatic implications for higher education and student affairs professionals...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504199/using-multidisciplinary-focus-groups-to-inform-the-development-of-mi-smart-a-nurse-led-technology-intervention-for-multiple-chronic-conditions
#16
Jennifer A Mallow, Laurie A Theeke, Elliott Theeke, Brian K Mallow
Used as integrated tools, technology may improve the ability of healthcare providers to improve access and outcomes of care. Little is known about healthcare teams' preferences in using such technology. This paper reports the findings from focus groups aimed at evaluating a newly developed primary care technology platform. Focus groups were completed in academic, outpatient, and community settings. Focus groups were attended by 37 individuals. The participants included professionals from multiple disciplines...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446610/mind-body-exercises-for-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain-an-evidence-based-review
#17
REVIEW
Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Donna L Berry, Patricia Arcari, Helene Langevin, Peter M Wayne
Background. Chronic low back pain (CLBP) among nurses is a growing health concern. The multimodal nature of mind-body exercises has potential to impact physiological and psychological processes associated with chronic pain, affording possible advantages over conventional unimodal therapies. This paper summarizes the prevalence of and risk factors for CLBP among nurses, reviews the effectiveness in treating pain and disability of mind-body exercises (yoga and tai chi) for CLBP among the general and nursing population, and describes implications...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429804/relationship-building-skills-of-child-rearing-mothers-in-japanese-communities
#18
Hikaru Honda, Nobuko Matsuda, Michiyo Hirano, Kazuko Saeki
This study elucidated the skills of mothers who used to build positive interpersonal relationships with people they met through child-rearing. The research method was qualitative descriptive study. The participants were 24 mothers who had children between ages of one and four years. These participants were recruited at child-rearing salons and childcare centers located in various municipalities in Japan. The survey period was from September 2013 to July 2014. The mothers' interpersonal relationship-building skills were described by six categories: "ability to strive for new encounters," "ability to try to interact socially with others," "ability to choose compatible people," "ability to continuously maintain good relationships," "ability to take action suitable to a situation," and "ability to build positive relationships with parents-in-law...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313883/improving-outcomes-for-infants-with-single-ventricle-physiology-through-standardized-feeding-during-the-interstage
#19
Cindy Weston, S Adil Husain, Christopher L Curzon, Steve Neish, Gemma T Kennedy, Krista Bonagurio, Kevin Gosselin
Congenital heart disease is identified as the most common birth defect with single ventricle physiology carrying the highest mortality. Staged surgical palliation is required for treatment, with mortality historically as high as 22% in the four- to six-month period from the first- to second-stage surgical palliation, known as the interstage. A standardized postoperative feeding approach was implemented through an evidence-based protocol, parent engagement, and interprofessional team rounds. Five infants with single ventricle physiology preprotocol were compared with five infants who received the standardized feeding approach...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064421/physiological-evaluation-of-childcare-associated-muscle-load-on-the-neck-and-shoulder-region-in-japanese-women
#20
Saori Yoshinaga, Takuma Kiyokawa, Eriko Kuramoto, Hiroe Kinoshita, Seiji Nemoto
The awkward movements and postures associated with childcare activities can lead to musculoskeletal symptoms in the neck and shoulders. "Dakko" is a method for carrying a child in Japan, and recently it has been reported to cause shoulder stiffness. To our knowledge, the relationship between childcare activities and the physical load on the neck and shoulders is poorly understood. The present study aims to clarify the muscle load on the neck and shoulder region through dakko simulations. First, the association between dakko movements and trapezius muscle activity is clarified by image and electromyogram analyses...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
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