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Nursing Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191350/psychological-distress-in-healthy-low-risk-first-time-mothers-during-the-postpartum-period-an-exploratory-study
#2
Christina Murphey, Patricia Carter, Larry R Price, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Francine Nichols
Psychological distress, defined as depression, anxiety, and insomnia in this study, can occur following the birth of a baby as new mothers, in addition to marked physiological changes, are faced with adapting to new roles and responsibilities. We investigated the cooccurrence of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia in mothers during the postpartum period; tested the feasibility of study methods and procedures for use in this population; and identified new mothers interest in using cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) as an intervention for reducing psychological distress...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168053/breastfeeding-supports-and-services-in-rural-hawaii-perspectives-of-community-healthcare-workers
#3
Jeanie L Flood
Background. In the state of Hawaii, breastfeeding initiation rates are higher than the national average but fall below target rates for duration. Accessing breastfeeding support services is challenging for mothers living in rural areas of the state. Healthcare workers (HCWs) working with mothers and infants are in a key position to encourage and support breastfeeding efforts. The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of a Hawaiian community's (specifically Hilo, Hawai'i) breastfeeding service and support issues...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127470/psychometric-properties-of-the-family-inventory-of-resources-for-management-in-a-sample-of-iranian-family-caregivers-of-cancer-patients
#4
Seyed Reza Mirsoleymani, Camelia Rohani, Mahsa Matbouei, Malihe Nasiri, Parvaneh Vasli
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Family Inventory of Resources for Management (FIRM) in a sample of family caregivers of cancer patients. Methods. In this methodological study, construct validity of the FIRM was evaluated by known groups and convergent validity in a convenience sample of family caregivers of cancer patients (n = 104) referred to the outpatient oncology wards of five educational hospitals in Tehran from January to April 2016. Reliability was determined by assessing the internal consistency and stability of the instrument...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116155/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-care-needs-of-turkish-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#5
Neslisah Yasar, Semiha Akin
This descriptive study explored the quality of life and care needs of Turkish patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The study sample consisted of 100 hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. Their quality of life was assessed using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant Scale. The mean patient age was 44.99 ± 13.92 years. Changes in sexual functions, loss of hair, loss of taste, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbances were the most common symptoms. The quality of life of transplant patients was moderately affected; the functional well-being and social/family well-being subscales were the most adversely and least negatively affected (12...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116154/attitudes-and-behaviours-of-health-workers-and-the-use-of-hiv-aids-health-care-services
#6
Jonathan M Dapaah
Background. This article discusses how health workers relate to and communicate with clients of VCT and ART treatment. It also looks at how health worker practices in the form of attitudes and behaviours towards clients influence the use of these services. Methods. In-depth interviews, informal conversations, and participant observation were used to collect data from health workers providing VCT and ART and clients who access these services in two Ghanaian hospitals. Results. The study found that health workers providing these services, with the exception of a few, generally showed positive attitudes and behaviours towards clients during clinical encounters...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097022/from-blank-canvas-to-masterwork-creating-a-professional-practice-model-at-a-magnet-hospital
#7
Lynda J Dimitroff, Donna M Tydings, Sue Nickoley, Lynn W Nichols, Maureen E Krenzer
Objective. The purpose of this study was to engage registered nurses (RNs) in the creation of a Professional Practice Model (PPM). Background. PPMs are essential as the philosophical underpinnings for nursing practice. The study institution created a new PPM utilizing the voice of their RNs. Methods. Qualitative inquiry with focus groups was conducted to explore RNs values and beliefs about their professional practice. Constant-comparative analysis was used to code data and identify domains. Results. The 92 RN participants represented diverse roles and practice settings...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083149/attitudes-regarding-participation-in-a-diabetes-screening-test-among-an-assyrian-immigrant-population-in-sweden
#8
Susanne Andersson, Veronika Karlsson, Louise Bennet, Klas Fellbrant, Margareta Hellgren
Immigrants from the Middle East have higher prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with native Swedes. The aim of the study was to describe and understand health beliefs in relation to T2D as well as attitudes regarding participation in a screening process in a local group of Assyrian immigrants living in Sweden. A qualitative and quantitative method was chosen in which 43 individuals participated in a health check-up and 13 agreed to be interviewed. Interviews were conducted, anthropometric measurements and blood tests were collected, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078138/use-of-action-research-in-nursing-education
#9
REVIEW
Susan D Moch, R Todd Vandenbark, Shelley-Rae Pehler, Angela Stombaugh
Purpose. The purpose of this article is to describe action research in nursing education and to propose a definition of action research for providing guidelines for research proposals and criteria for assessing potential publications for nursing higher education. Methods. The first part of this project involved a search of the literature on action research in nursing higher education from 1994 to 2013. Searches were conducted in the CINAHL and MEDLINE databases. Applying the criteria identified, 80 publications were reviewed...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044104/assessing-nurses-knowledge-of-glasgow-coma-scale-in-emergency-and-outpatient-department
#10
Harvinderjit Kaur A/P Basauhra Singh, Mei Chan Chong, Hari Chandran A/L Thambinayagam, Mohd Idzwan Bin Zakaria, Siew Ting Cheng, Li Yoong Tang, Nurul Hafizan Azahar
Assessment of level of consciousness using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a tool requiring knowledge that is important in detecting early deterioration in a patient's level of consciousness. Critical thinking used with the skill and knowledge in assessing the GCS is the foundation of all nursing practice. This study aims to explore the knowledge and competence in assessing the GCS among staff nurses working in the Emergency and Outpatient Departments. This is a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study design using the GCS Knowledge Questionnaire...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044103/the-staff-nurse-clinical-leader-at-the-bedside-swedish-registered-nurses-perceptions
#11
Inga E Larsson, Monika J M Sahlsten
Registered nurses at the bedside are accountable for and oversee completion of patient care as well as directly leading and managing the provision of safe patient care. These nurses have an informal leadership role that is not associated with any given position. Leadership is a complex and multifaceted concept and its meaning is unclear, especially in the staff nurse context. The aim was to describe registered nurses' perceptions of what it entails to be the leader at the bedside in inpatient physical care...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018673/caregivers-lack-of-disclosure-skills-delays-disclosure-to-children-with-perinatal-hiv-in-resource-limited-communities-multicenter-qualitative-data-from-south-africa-and-botswana
#12
Sphiwe Madiba
To promote the appropriate implementation of procedures for health disclosure to children, it is important to understand the reasons why caregivers delay the disclosure of healthcare information to children. This paper explored the views of caregivers on what makes disclosure to children with perinatal acquired HIV (PAH) difficult and what could make disclosure in these cases easier. Data were collected using focus group interviews with caregivers who were purposely selected from a multicenter study conducted in Botswana and South Africa...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980866/breastfeeding-among-latino-families-in-an-urban-pediatric-office-setting
#13
Elizabeth Sloand, Chakra Budhathoki, Julia Junn, Dolly Vo, Victoria Lowe, Amy Pennington
Objective. To determine the breastfeeding rate of Latino infants at an urban pediatric clinic in the first six months of life and to identify factors associated with breastfeeding. Methods. Investigators conducted a retrospective chart review of infants seen at the clinic in 2014 as part of a mixed methods study. Topics reviewed included demographics, infant health data, and feeding methods at 5 points in time. Bivariate correlations and cross-tabulations explored associations between variables. Results. Most of the mothers (75%) fed their newborns with both breastfeeding and formula (las dos)...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895940/real-time-reporting-of-small-operational-failures-in-nursing-care
#14
Kathleen R Stevens, Robert L Ferrer
Addressing microsystem problems from the frontline holds promise for quality enhancement. Frontline providers are urged to apply quality improvement; yet no systematic approach to problem detection has been tested. This study investigated a self-report approach to detecting operational failures encountered during patient care. Methods. Data were collected from 5 medical-surgical units over 4 weeks. Unit staff documented operational failures on a small distinctive Pocket Card. Frequency distributions for the operational failures in each category were calculated for each hospital overall and disaggregated by shift...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882246/the-impact-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-adequacy-on-the-health-of-nurses-a-pilot-investigation
#15
Timothy R Jordan, Jagdish Khubchandani, Michael Wiblishauser
Stress and coping abilities influence the health and work performance of nurses. However, little is known about the combined influence of stress perception and perceived coping adequacy and its impact on the health of nurses. This study examined the relationship between stress, coping, and the combined influences of perceived stress and coping abilities on health and work performance. A valid and reliable questionnaire was completed by 120 nurses in a Midwestern hospital in the USA. In general, the nurses were not healthy: 92% had moderate-to-very high stress levels; 78% slept less than 8 hours of sleep per night; 69% did not exercise regularly; 63% consumed less than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day; and 22% were classified as binge drinkers...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843646/the-nps-role-of-assessing-and-intervening-with-older-adult-drivers
#16
Tamatha Arms
As the silver tsunami continues, assessing and intervening with older adult drivers are becoming an essential aspect of the comprehensive geriatric exam. The current lack of time efficient clinical guidelines is a concern and barrier for NPs. The purpose of this study was to identify strategies currently used by NPs. The critical incident technique was used to obtain data from a convenience sample of NPs. A total of 89 incidents were collected. The perspective of the NP can provide important information for developing clinical guidelines to promote individual and community safety...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777798/mentoring-nurses-in-political-skill-to-navigate-organizational-politics
#17
Wanda Montalvo, Mary W Byrne
Objective. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the correlations between mentoring functions and political skill development among nurses who have earned or are candidates for a Ph.D. or doctorate of nursing practice (DNP) degree. Background. The healthcare system is in flux; future generations of Ph.D. and DNP nurse leaders will be required to demonstrate political acumen. Political skill to navigate organizational politics has had limited research within nursing. Methods. A cross-sectional research design using a web-based survey of 222 nurses who have earned or are candidates for a Ph...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703810/relatives-to-critically-ill-patients-have-no-sense-of-coherence-a-quality-improvement-article-using-mixed-methods
#18
Jannie Laursen, Kristoffer Andresen, Jacob Rosenberg
Aims and Objective. To investigate the relatives' satisfaction and involvement on a general surgery ward regarding the critically ill patient. Introduction. Relatives to critically ill patients are affected both physically and mentally during the hospitalization of a family member. Research has shown that relatives do not always receive the attention they need from health professionals. There is a lack of studies that focus on relatives' satisfaction and involvement during their family members' hospitalization...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672452/an-exploratory-study-using-cortisol-to-describe-the-response-of-incarcerated-women-ipv-survivors-to-mambra-intervention
#19
Janette Y Taylor, Ezra C Holston
Objective. To determine if incarcerated women survivors of IPV had a physiological response to the Music and Account-Making for Behavioral-Related Adaptation (MAMBRA) intervention, as measured by cortisol levels. Methods. A single-group repeated measures designed exploratory study was used to pilot-test MAMBRA. A convenience sample (n = 33) was recruited in a Midwestern women's correctional facility. Serving as their own control, participants provided demographics and pre-/post-MAMBRA salivary samples while attending four MAMBRA sessions...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563462/eliciting-challenges-on-social-connectedness-among-filipino-nurse-returnees-a-cross-sectional-mixed-method-research
#20
Mary Jane L Cortez, Christian V Del Rosario, Michael Joseph S Diño
This cross-sectional study utilized a nested concurrent design to determine the association of Filipino nurse returnees' length of stay since they returned and their social connectedness as well as the essence of communication from their perspective. The respondents, who are Filipino nurses (n = 107) who worked abroad and returned to the Philippines for good, were employed from June to July of 2015 via referrals from colleges and institutions in Metro Manila and Bulacan areas in the Philippines. The quantitative results revealed, in one hand, significant but weak correlation between the respondent's length of stay and social connectedness (r = 0...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
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