journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095932/the-role-of-marriage-in-criminal-recidivism-a-longitudinal-and-co-relative-analysis
#1
K S Kendler, S L Lönn, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
AIMS: Marriage is associated with a reduced rate of criminal recidivism, but the underlying mechanisms have only partly been elucidated. We seek to clarify the nature of the association between marriage and recidivism and how that relationship may be moderated as a function of gender, deviance of spouse, a history of violence and familial risk. METHOD: We utilise a longitudinal cohort design consisting of Swedish men (n = 239 328) and women (n = 72 280), born between 1958 and 1986, who were convicted of at least one crime before age 20 and were not married prior to age 20...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073386/disclosure-of-mental-health-problems-findings-from-an-australian-national-survey
#2
N J Reavley, A J Morgan, A F Jorm
AIMS: The aim of the current study was to carry out a national population-based survey to assess the proportion of people disclosing mental health problems in a variety of settings. A further aim was to explore respondent characteristics associated with disclosure. METHODS: In 2014, telephone interviews were carried out with 5220 Australians aged 18+, 1381 of whom reported a mental health problem or scored highly on a symptom screening questionnaire. Questions covered disclosure of mental health problems to friends, intimate partners, other family members, supervisors or other colleagues in the workplace, teachers, lecturers or other students in the educational institution, health professionals and others in the community...
January 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067194/mapping-actions-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-mental-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
C Barbui, T Dua, K Kolappa, B Saraceno, S Saxena
AIMS: In recent years a number of intergovernmental initiatives have been activated in order to enhance the capacity of countries to improve access to essential medicines, particularly for mental disorders. In May 2013 the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, which builds upon the work of WHO's Mental Health Gap Action Programme. Within this programme, evidence-based guidelines for mental disorders were developed, including recommendations on appropriate use of medicines...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067191/new-insights-into-the-correlation-structure-of-dsm-iv-depression-symptoms-in-the-general-population-v-subsamples-of-depressed-individuals
#4
S Foster, M Mohler-Kuo
AIMS: Previous research failed to uncover a replicable dimensional structure underlying the symptoms of depression. We aimed to examine two neglected methodological issues in this research: (a) adjusting symptom correlations for overall depression severity; and (b) analysing general population samples v. subsamples of currently depressed individuals. METHODS: Using population-based cross-sectional and longitudinal data from two nations (Switzerland, 5883 young men; USA, 2174 young men and 2244 young women) we assessed the dimensions of the nine DSM-IV depression symptoms in young adults...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067189/common-mental-health-problems-in-rural-to-urban-migrant-workers-in-shenzhen-china-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#5
B L Zhong, T B Liu, S S M Chan, D Jin, C Y Hu, J Dai, H F K Chiu
AIMS: Rural-to-urban migrant workers are a large marginalised population in urban China. Prevalence estimates of common mental health problems (CMHPs) in previous studies varied widely and very few studies have investigated migration-related factors of CMHPs in migrant workers. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of CMHPs among Chinese migrant workers. METHODS: A random sample of 3031 migrant workers of ten manufacturing factories in Shenzhen, China, completed a standardised questionnaire containing socio-demographic and migration-related variables and the Chinese 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#6
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065196/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-from-randomised-controlled-trials-to-evidence-based-clinical-services
#7
S Cortese, C Barbui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065176/behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-general-hospital-patients-with-dementia-distress-for-nursing-staff-and-complications-in-care-results-of-the-general-hospital-study
#8
J B Hessler, M Schäufele, I Hendlmeier, M N Junge, S Leonhardt, J Weber, H Bickel
AIMS: Little is known about how behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) manifest in the general hospital. The aim was to examine the frequency of BPSD in general hospitals and their associations with nursing staff distress and complications in care. METHODS: Cross-sectional representative study with 1469 patients aged ≥65, including 270 patients with dementia, of 33 randomly selected general hospitals in Germany. BPSD and complications were reported by nurses...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065173/a-little-could-go-a-long-way-financing-for-mental-healthcare-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
L Asher, M J De Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004627/making-universal-health-coverage-a-reality-bridging-the-gap-between-global-mental-health-and-practical-integration-into-local-health-systems
#10
J Eaton, G Ryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004625/pregnancy-perinatal-and-postpartum-complications-as-determinants-of-postpartum-depression-the-rhea-mother-child-cohort-in-crete-greece
#11
K Koutra, M Vassilaki, V Georgiou, A Koutis, P Bitsios, M Kogevinas, L Chatzi
AIMS: Few epidemiological studies evaluated associations between perinatal complications and maternal mood at the early postpartum period and the findings are inconsistent. We aimed at investigating a wide range of complications during pregnancy, at delivery, and at the early postpartum period as determinants of postpartum depression (PPD) at 8 weeks postpartum. METHODS: A total of 1037 women who enrolled in the Rhea mother-child cohort in Crete, Greece participated in the present study...
December 22, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004623/new-ema-report-on-paliperidone-3-month-injections-taking-clinical-and-policy-decisions-without-an-adequate-evidence-base
#12
G Ostuzzi, D Papola, C Gastaldon, C Barbui
Three-month long-acting paliperidone is a new, recently marketed, formulation of paliperidone, characterised by the longest available dosing interval among long-acting antipsychotics. The clinical profile of 3-month long-acting paliperidone was recently summarised by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in a public assessment report, released in April 2016. In this commentary, the main strengths and limitations of the EMA assessment report were appraised and discussed, in order to highlight possible implications for clinical practice, future research and regulatory practices for drug approval...
December 22, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004618/organisation-of-services-for-managing-adhd
#13
D R Coghill
There is considerable variation in practice, both between and with different countries in the management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Whilst there is no one optimal model of service organisation there are general principles of care that can be introduced to reduce this variability. There are frequent debates and discussions about which professional group is best placed to manage ADHD at different points in the life cycle. Who delivers care is however less important than ensuring that training schemes provide adequate exposure, training and experience to both the core and non-core skills required to provide a comprehensive package of care...
December 22, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995844/next-steps-for-meeting-the-needs-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
C Hanlon
The explicit inclusion of mental health within the Sustainable Development Goals is a welcome development, borne out of powerful advocacy using public health, economic and human rights arguments. As funding comes on line for scale-up of evidence-based mental health care by task-sharing with primary care, it is time to take stock about care for people affected by severe mental illness (SMI). The existing evidence base for task shared care for SMI provides an imperative to get started, but is skewed towards relatively more affluent and urban populations in middle-income countries where specialist mental health professionals provide most of the care...
December 20, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995838/mental-hospitals-in-india-in-the-21st-century-transformation-and-relevance
#15
P Murthy, M Isaac, H Dabholkar
Mental hospitals in India, as elsewhere in the world, have played an important role in the care of persons with mental illness. Since their inception, they have both been decried for gross violations of human rights and dignity as well as lauded as places of refuge and care for persons turned away by the communities. In a country where community interventions for mental health care are still fragmentary, the mental hospital still continues to be a relevant and legitimate locus of care along with other limited resources available for the care of persons with mental illness outside of the family...
December 20, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989255/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-repeated-filmed-social-contact-on-reducing-mental-illness-related-stigma-in-young-adults
#16
S Koike, S Yamaguchi, Y Ojio, K Ohta, T Shimada, K Watanabe, G Thornicroft, S Ando
AIMS: Public stigma alters attitudes towards people with mental illness, and is a particular concern for young people since most mental health problems occur in adolescence and young adulthood. However, little is known about the long-term effects of repeated filmed social contact (FSC) on reducing mental health-related stigma among young adults in the general population, compared with self-instructional Internet search (INS) and control interventions. METHODS: This study is a parallel-group randomised controlled trial over 12 months conducted in Tokyo, Japan...
December 19, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989254/suicidal-ideation-and-subsequent-completed-suicide-in-both-psychiatric-and-non-psychiatric-populations-a-meta-analysis
#17
A A M Hubers, S Moaddine, S H M Peersmann, T Stijnen, E van Duijn, R C van der Mast, O M Dekkers, E J Giltay
AIMS: Several authors claimed that expression of suicidal ideation is one of the most important predictors of completed suicide. However, the strength of the association between suicidal ideation and subsequent completed suicide has not been firmly established in different populations. Furthermore, the absolute suicide risk after expression of suicidal ideation is unknown. In this meta-analysis, we examined whether the expression of suicidal ideation predicted subsequent completed suicide in various populations, including both psychiatric and non-psychiatric populations...
December 19, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974084/insight-self-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-schizophrenia-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#18
Y-J Lien, H-A Chang, Y-C Kao, N-S Tzeng, C-W Lu, C-H Loh
AIMS: Poor insight is prevalent in patients with schizophrenia and has been associated with acute illness severity, medication non-adherence and poor treatment outcomes. Paradoxically, high insight has been associated with various undesirable outcomes, including low self-esteem, depression and low subjective quality of life (QoL) in patients with schizophrenia. Despite the growing body of studies conducted in Western countries supporting the pernicious effects of improved insight in psychosis, which bases on the level of self-stigma, the effects are unclear in non-Western societies...
December 15, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974083/the-adapt-model-bridging-the-gap-between-psychosocial-and-individual-responses-to-mass-violence-and-refugee-trauma
#19
A K Tay, D Silove
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974082/the-future-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation
#20
R E Drake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
journal
journal
43591
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"