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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

C Anderson, E J Robinson, A-M Krooupa, C Henderson
AimsSince 2008 England's anti-stigma programme Time to Change has lobbied media outlets about stigmatising coverage and worked with them to promote accurate and non-stigmatising coverage. While this may have an impact on coverage and hence attitudes, it is also possible that coverage can change in response to improving attitudes, through the creation of a market demand for less stigmatising coverage. This study evaluates English newspaper coverage of mental health topics between 2008 and 2016. METHOD: Articles covering mental health in 27 newspapers were retrieved using keyword searches on two randomly chosen days each month in 2008-2016, excluding 2012 and 2015 due to restricted resources...
December 4, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Andrea Fiorillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Ioana A Cristea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
O Gureje, S Seedat, L Kola, J Appiah-Poku, C Othieno, B Harris, V Makanjuola, L N Price, O O Ayinde, O Esan
AimsIn low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in general and sub-Sahara African (SSA) countries in particular, there is both a large treatment gap for mental disorders and a relative paucity of empirical evidence about how to fill this gap. This is more so for severe mental disorders, such as psychosis, which impose an additional vulnerability for human rights abuse on its sufferers. A major factor for the lack of evidence is the few numbers of active mental health (MH) researchers on the continent and the distance between the little evidence generated and the policy-making process...
November 27, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Antonio Lasalvia, Mirella Ruggeri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Gerhard Dammann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Robert E Drake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, K Lalande, I Colman
AimsPrevious research has found links between cyberbullying victimisation and internalising and externalising problems among adolescents. However, little is known about the factors that might moderate these relationships. Thus, the present study examined the relationships between cyberbullying victimisation and psychological distress, suicidality, self-rated poor mental health and substance use among adolescents, and tested whether parent-child relationship and child's sex would moderate these relationships...
November 13, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
M Silva, D M Resurrección, A Antunes, D Frasquilho, G Cardoso
AimsUnmet needs for mental health treatment are large and widespread, and periods of economic crisis may increase the need for care and the treatment gap, with serious consequences for individuals and society. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the empirical evidence on the association between periods of economic crisis and the use of mental health care. METHODS: Following the PRISMA statement, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Open Grey and Cochrane Database were searched for relevant publications, published between 1990 and 2018, from inception to June 2018...
November 13, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
E R Barnett, M T Concepcion Zayas
Children exposed to trauma are predisposed to develop a number of mental health syndromes. They are prone to under-treatment with effective psychosocial interventions and over-treatment with high-risk psychotropic medications, especially polypharmacy and the use of antipsychotics for unapproved conditions. We review the evidence for psychosocial and pharmacological treatments for mental health problems associated with high exposure to childhood trauma - identifying those in foster care as an index group - and the frequency of high-risk pharmacological practices...
November 5, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Toshimasa Maruta, Chihiro Matsumoto
The movement towards renaming of schizophrenia in Japan started in 1993 upon receipt of a letter by The National Federation of Families with Mentally Ill in Japan addressed to the board of Japanese Society of Psychiatry of Neurology (JSPN), requesting to rename schizophrenia as the then-official term for the condition, Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo, or 'mind-splitting disease', was humiliating. A committee was established within JSPN to address the issue, public comments were collected, a new name 'Togo-Shitcho-Sho' ('disintegration disorder') was approved in 2002, and in 2005, the new name was adopted in the Revised Mental Health and Welfare Act...
October 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
H Blasco-Fontecilla, P Artieda-Urrutia, J de Leon
Completed suicide (CS) is a leading cause of death worldwide and its rates are available for most developed countries. On the other hand, attempted suicide (AS) is a risk factor for CS but there are limited data on its rates in various countries. In constructing a ratio for AS/CS rates, most would agree that for CS, the denominator should be the annual suicide rate (per 100 000). As for the ratio's numerator (AS) per 100 000, there are three possible calculations: (1) annual prevalence from population surveys, (2) annual prevalence from national clinical registers or (3) lifetime prevalence from population surveys...
October 25, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
J L McLaren, J D Lichtenstein
Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are likely to receive high-risk prescribing practices, such as polypharmacy, long-term use of psychotropic medications, and overuse of antipsychotics. Behavioural interventions, such as applied behavioural analysis, are evidence-based practices for children with IDD and should be the first-line treatment. Short-term use of psychotropic medications may be helpful in reducing the severity and frequency of challenging behaviours while evidence-based behavioural interventions are pursued...
October 24, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
A Crowther, A Taylor, R Toney, S Meddings, T Whale, H Jennings, K Pollock, P Bates, C Henderson, J Waring, M Slade
AimsRecovery Colleges are opening internationally. The evaluation focus has been on outcomes for Recovery College students who use mental health services. However, benefits may also arise for: staff who attend or co-deliver courses; the mental health and social care service hosting the Recovery College; and wider society. A theory-based change model characterising how Recovery Colleges impact at these higher levels is needed for formal evaluation of their impact, and to inform future Recovery College development...
October 23, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Sinan Guloksuz, Jim van Os
There had been a long way to go before we felt comfortable about even discussing the issues revolving around the concept of 'schizophrenia', let alone reckoning on mere semantic revision. In this editorial, we aim to extend our discussion on the reasons behind the slow death of the concept of 'schizophrenia' and the benefits of changing the name and embracing a spectrum approach with an umbrella psychosis spectrum disorder (PSD) category (similar to autism spectrum disorder) that goes further than a mere semantic revision...
October 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
G Cetrano, L Salvador-Carulla, F Tedeschi, L Rabbi, M R Gutiérrez-Colosía, J L Gonzalez-Caballero, A-L Park, D McDaid, R Sfetcu, J Kalseth, B Kalseth, Ø Hope, M Brunn, K Chevreul, C Straßmayr, G Hagmair, K Wahlbeck, F Amaddeo
AimsAlthough many mental health care systems provide care interventions that are not related to direct health care, little is known about the interfaces between the latter and core health care. 'Core health care' refers to services whose explicit aim is direct clinical treatment which is usually provided by health professionals, i.e., physicians, nurses, psychologists. 'Other care' is typically provided by other staff and includes accommodation, training, promotion of independence, employment support and social skills...
October 17, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
U Hegerl, I Heinz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
A G Nevarez-Flores, K Sanderson, M Breslin, V J Carr, V A Morgan, A L Neil
AimsPeople with psychotic disorders face impairments in their global functioning and their quality of life (QoL). The relationship between the two outcomes has not been systematically investigated. Through a systematic review, we aim to explore the presence and extent of associations between global functioning and QoL and establish whether associations depend on the instruments employed. METHODS: In May 2016, ten electronic databases were searched using a two-phase process to identify articles in which associations between global functioning and QoL were assessed...
October 1, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
C Tansella
Lately on these pages, a discussion is going on over the opportunity of the use of the definition 'outsider'. Especially in the USA, it is judged as demeaning, discriminating and inappropriate, whilst in Europe, it is used in a much more unconcerned way. Mr Gioni curator of numerous international exhibitions including Manifesta 5 (2004), the 4th Berlin Biennale (2006), the 8th Gwangju Biennale (2010) and the 55th Venice Biennale (2013) shares his perspective on contemporary culture and self-taught art.
December 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
C Perlini, M Bellani, B Besteher, I Nenadić, P Brambilla
Hostility and related dimensions like anger, urgency, impulsivity and aggressiveness have been described in non-clinical populations and various serious mental illnesses including schizophrenia. Although representing a mental healthcare challenge, the investigation of such constructs is often limited by the presence of complex and multi-factorial causes and lack of agreement in their conceptualisation and measurement. In this review, we aim to clarify the anatomical basis of hostility-related dimensions in schizophrenia...
December 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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