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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514975/courttney-cooper-mapping-the-interior
#1
M Wiley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502272/adverse-childhood-experiences-exposure-to-a-natural-disaster-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#2
Y Inoue, A Stickley, A Yazawa, J Aida, I Kawachi, K Kondo, T Fujiwara
AIMS: To investigate whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) modify the impact of exposure to a natural disaster (the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami) on the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among older people. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), which is an on-going epidemiological survey investigating social determinants of health among older people across Japan. Information on PTSD symptoms based on the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health, traumatic exposure to the earthquake (i...
May 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487002/spiritualism-trauma-and-the-art-of-madge-gill
#3
D Wojcik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462754/methodological-quality-of-systematic-reviews-on-treatments-for-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
V C H Chung, X Y Wu, Y Feng, R S T Ho, S Y S Wong, D Threapleton
AIMS: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders and identifying effective treatment strategies is crucial for the control of depression. Well-conducted systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses can provide the best evidence for supporting treatment decision-making. Nevertheless, the trustworthiness of conclusions can be limited by lack of methodological rigour. This study aims to assess the methodological quality of a representative sample of SRs on depression treatments...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462751/coping-with-stigma-and-discrimination-evidence-from-mental-health-service-users-in-england
#5
A Isaksson, E Corker, J Cotney, S Hamilton, V Pinfold, D Rose, N Rüsch, C Henderson, G Thornicroft, S Evans-Lacko
AIMS: Mental health stigma and discrimination are significant problems. Common coping orientations include: concealing mental health problems, challenging others and educating others. We describe the use of common stigma coping orientations and explain variations within a sample of English mental health service users. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data were collected as part of the Viewpoint survey of mental health service users' experiences of discrimination (n = 3005)...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462748/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-the-order-of-service-provision-with-respect-to-cocaine-use-and-outcomes-in-an-urban-homeless-sample
#6
E R Ayvaci, O Obiri, D Pollio, C S North
AIMS: Little is known about outcomes of drug abuse related to attainment of stable housing. This study examined outcomes of cocaine use and service provision in an urban homeless sample. METHODS: Two-year longitudinal study of systematically selected homeless individuals (N = 255) in St. Louis, Missouri from 1999 to 2001. The sample was interviewed three times annually using a structured diagnostic interview. Urine drug testing was conducted at every interview, and service utilisation data were obtained from the structured interviews and the agency-provided service use data...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462747/the-quality-of-mental-health-literacy-measurement-tools-evaluating-the-stigma-of-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#7
Y Wei, P McGrath, J Hayden, S Kutcher
AIMS: Stigma of mental illness is a significant barrier to receiving mental health care. However, measurement tools evaluating stigma of mental illness have not been systematically assessed for their quality. We conducted a systematic review to critically appraise the methodological quality of studies assessing psychometrics of stigma measurement tools and determined the level of evidence of overall quality of psychometric properties of included tools. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and ERIC databases for eligible studies...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413998/optimising-treatment-strategies-for-adhd-in-adolescence-to-minimise-lost-in-transition-to-adulthood
#8
J K Buitelaar
The persistence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from adolescence to adulthood is not matched by continuity of care in this transition period. Many adolescents with ADHD have poor medication adherence or even stop medication treatment, and use of behavioural interventions is also suboptimal. The present commentary focuses on treatment strategies that might improve effects of ADHD medication treatment by improving adherence in adolescents with ADHD and/or optimise behavioural interventions for ADHD in adolescence...
April 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399952/reducing-the-treatment-gap-for-mental-neurological-and-substance-use-disorders-in-africa-lessons-from-the-friendship-bench-in-zimbabwe
#9
D Chibanda
Mental, neurological and substance use disorders (MNS) are a leading cause of disability in Africa. In response to the large treatment gap for MNS, a growing body of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is emerging from Africa; however, there is a dearth of knowledge on how to scale up EBT. The Friendship Bench intervention is a brief psychological treatment delivered through the primary health care system in Zimbabwe by trained lay health workers. It has contributed significantly towards narrowing the treatment gap for common mental disorders in Zimbabwe where it has been scaled up to over 70 primary health care facilities...
April 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397648/digging-deeper-population-level-racial-disparities-exposure-to-police-victimisation-and-psychological-trauma
#10
C T Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390448/taking-an-intersectional-approach-to-define-latent-classes-of-socioeconomic-status-ethnicity-and-migration-status-for-psychiatric-epidemiological-research
#11
L Goodwin, B Gazard, L Aschan, S MacCrimmon, M Hotopf, S L Hatch
AIMS: Inequalities in mental health are well documented using individual social statuses such as socioeconomic status (SES), ethnicity and migration status. However, few studies have taken an intersectional approach to investigate inequalities in mental health using latent class analysis (LCA). This study will examine the association between multiple indicator classes of social identity with common mental disorder (CMD). METHODS: Data on CMD symptoms were assessed in a diverse inner London sample of 1052 participants in the second wave of the South East London Community Health study...
April 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367775/mental-health-service-use-depression-panic-disorder-and-life-events-among-swedish-young-adults-in-2000-and-2010-a-repeated-cross-sectional-population-study-in-stockholm-county-sweden
#12
A Lundin, Y Forsell, C Dalman
AIMS: The use of specialised psychiatric services for depression and anxiety has increased steadily among young people in Sweden during recent years. It is not known to what extent this service use is due to an increase in psychiatric morbidity, or whether other adversities explain these trends. The aim of this study is to examine if there is increased use of psychiatric services among young adults in Sweden between 2000 and 2010, and if so, to what extent this increase is associated with differences in depression, anxiety and negative life events...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367774/the-singaporean-public-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness-results-from-a-multi-ethnic-population-based-study
#13
S Pang, M Subramaniam, S P Lee, Y W Lau, E Abdin, B Y Chua, L Picco, J A Vaingankar, S A Chong
AIMS: To identify the common causal beliefs of mental illness in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian community and describe the sociodemographic associations to said beliefs. The factor structure to the causal beliefs scale is explored. The causal beliefs relating to five different mental illnesses (alcohol abuse, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dementia and schizophrenia) and desire for social distance are also investigated. METHODS: Data from 3006 participants from a nationwide vignette-based study on mental health literacy were analysed using factor analysis and multiple logistic regression to address the aims...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367772/does-living-in-remote-australia-lessen-the-impact-of-hardship-on-psychological-distress
#14
P Butterworth, B J Kelly, T E Handley, K J Inder, T J Lewin
AIMS: Rural and remote regions tend to be characterised by poorer socioeconomic conditions than urban areas, yet findings regarding differences in mental health between rural and urban areas have been inconsistent. This suggests that other features of these areas may reduce the impact of hardship on mental health. Little research has explored the relationship of financial hardship or deprivation with mental health across geographical areas. METHODS: Data were analysed from a large longitudinal Australian study of the mental health of individuals living in regional and remote communities...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357967/in-patient-suicide-in-psychiatry-an-indian-experience
#15
A Dahale, L Sherine, S K Chaturvedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343462/exploring-the-neuroanatomical-bases-of-psychotic-features-in-bipolar-disorder
#16
E Maggioni, A C Altamura, P Brambilla
Although bipolar disorder (BD) is traditionally conceptualised as one diagnostic entity, the heterogeneity of pathophysiological manifestations in BD suggests the need to classify the subtypes of the illness based on neural markers. Specifically, the presence of psychotic symptoms seems to be relevant for the clinical outcome and may have specific neuroanatomical bases. The main objective of the present review was to assess whether the distinction between psychotic BD (PBD) and non-psychotic BD (NPBD) can improve the identification of the neurobiological markers of this complex illness...
March 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287062/mental-health-service-availability-and-delivery-at-the-global-level-an-analysis-by-countries-income-level-from-who-s-mental-health-atlas-2014
#17
A Lora, F Hanna, D Chisholm
AIMS: The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Mental Health Atlas series has established itself as the single most comprehensive and most widely used source of information on the global mental health situation. The data derived from the latest Mental Health Atlas survey carried out in 2014 describes the availability and delivery of mental health services in the WHO's Member States, focussing on differences by country's income level. METHODS: The data contained in this paper are mainly derived from questions relating to mental health service availability and uptake, as well as on financial and human resources for mental health...
March 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274298/treatment-decision-making-capacity-in-non-consensual-psychiatric-treatment-a-multicentre-study
#18
G Mandarelli, F Carabellese, G Parmigiani, F Bernardini, L Pauselli, R Quartesan, R Catanesi, S Ferracuti
AIMS: To evaluate treatment decision-making capacity (DMC) to consent to psychiatric treatment in involuntarily committed patients and to further investigate possible associations with clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of patients. METHODS: 131 involuntarily hospitalised patients were recruited in three university hospitals. Mental capacity to consent to treatment was measured with the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T); psychiatric symptoms severity (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, BPRS-E) and cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE) were also assessed...
March 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228177/psychiatric-diagnoses-in-older-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-comparison-with-the-general-population-a-register-study
#19
A Axmon, P Björne, L Nylander, G Ahlström
AIMS: To describe the occurrence of psychiatric diagnoses in a specialist care setting in older people with intellectual disability (ID) in relation to those found in the same age group in the general population. METHOD: A cohort of people with ID (n = 7936), aged 55 years or more in 2012, was identified, as was an age and sex-matched cohort from the general population (n = 7936). Information regarding psychiatric diagnoses during 2002-2012 was collected from the National Patient Register, which contains records from all inpatient care episodes and outpatient specialist visits in Sweden...
February 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804972/coping-strategies-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-conflict-affected-persons-in-the-republic-of-georgia
#20
L Saxon, N Makhashvili, I Chikovani, M Seguin, M McKee, V Patel, J Bisson, B Roberts
AIMS: Adults who experienced the 1992 and 2008 armed conflicts in the Republic of Georgia were exposed to multiple traumatic events and stressors over many years. The aim was to investigate what coping strategies are used by conflict-affected persons in Georgia and their association with mental disorders. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 3600 adults, representing internally displaced persons (IDPs) from conflicts in the 1990s (n = 1200) and 2008 (n = 1200) and former IDPs who returned to their homes after the 2008 conflict (n = 1200)...
June 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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