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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039301/populational-and-individual-perspective-on-needs
#1
A Lesage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022520/prevalence-of-suicidal-behaviour-and-associated-factors-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-adolescents
#2
X C Liu, H Chen, Z Z Liu, J Y Wang, C X Jia
AIMS: Suicidal behaviour is prevalent among adolescents and is a significant predictor of future suicide attempts (SAs) and suicide death. Data on the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of suicidal behaviour in Chinese adolescents are limited. This study was aimed to examine the prevalence, characteristics and risk factors of suicidal behaviour, including suicidal thought (ST), suicide plan (SP) and SA, in a large sample of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: This report represents the first wave data of an ongoing longitudinal study, Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort...
October 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022518/research-on-a-drug-centred-approach-to-psychiatric-drug-treatment-assessing-the-impact-of-mental-and-behavioural-alterations-produced-by-psychiatric-drugs
#3
J Moncrieff
AIMS: This article explores an alternative understanding of how psychiatric drugs work that is referred to as the drug-centred model of drug action. Unlike the current disease-centred model, which suggests that psychiatric drugs work by correcting an underlying brain abnormality, the drug-centred model emphasises how psychiatric drugs affect mental states and behaviour by modifying normal brain processes. The alterations produced may impact on the emotional and behavioural problems that constitute the symptoms of mental disorders...
October 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988558/childhood-abuse-and-psychotic-experiences-evidence-for-mediation-by-adulthood-adverse-life-events
#4
V Bhavsar, J Boydell, P McGuire, V Harris, M Hotopf, S L Hatch, J H MacCabe, C Morgan
AIMS: We have previously reported an association between childhood abuse and psychotic experiences (PEs) in survey data from South East London. Childhood abuse is related to subsequent adulthood adversity, which could form one pathway to PEs. We aimed to investigate evidence of mediation of the association between childhood abuse and PEs by adverse life events. METHODS: Data were analysed from the South East London Community Health Study (SELCoH, n = 1698). Estimates of the total effects on PEs of any physical or sexual abuse while growing up were partitioned into direct (i...
October 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965528/developing-capacity-building-activities-for-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-for-service-users-and-caregivers-service-planners-and-researchers
#5
M Semrau, A Alem, J Abdulmalik, S Docrat, S Evans-Lacko, O Gureje, F Kigozi, H Lempp, C Lund, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, G Thornicroft, C Hanlon
There is increasing international recognition of the need to build capacity to strengthen mental health systems. This is a fundamental goal of the 'Emerging mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries' (Emerald) programme, which is being implemented in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda). This paper discusses Emerald's capacity-building approaches and outputs for three target groups in mental health system strengthening: (1) mental health service users and caregivers, (2) service planners and policy-makers, and (3) mental health researchers...
October 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965511/corpus-delicti-frances-glessner-lee-and-the-art-of-suspicion
#6
M Uebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950925/psychiatric-epidemiology-and-disaster-exposure-in-australia
#7
L Reifels, K Mills, M L A Dückers, M L O'Donnell
AIMS: To examine the lifetime prevalence and risk of psychiatric disorders associated with natural and man-made disaster exposure in Australia. METHODS: We utilised data from a nationally representative population survey (N = 8841) which were analysed through univariate and multivariate logistic regression in order to examine the full spectrum of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) affective, anxiety and substance use disorders associated with exposure to natural and man-made disaster...
September 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944747/suicide-related-behaviours-in-schizophrenia-in-china-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#8
M Dong, S B Wang, F Wang, L Zhang, G S Ungvari, C H Ng, X Meng, Z Yuan, G Wang, Y T Xiang
AIMS: Suicide-related behaviours are common in schizophrenia and are significantly associated with premature death. The objective of this meta-analysis study was to estimate the pooled prevalence of suicide-related behaviours in schizophrenia patients in China. METHODS: The relevant literature was searched systematically via the relevant electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Databases and Chinese Biological Medical Literature Database) from their inception until 14 September 2016...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942756/association-between-schizophrenia-and-an-autoimmune-bullous-skin-disease-pemphigus-a-population-based-large-scale-study
#9
K Kridin, S Zelber-Sagi, D Comaneshter, A D Cohen
AIMS: Immunological hypotheses have become increasingly prominent suggesting that autoimmunity may be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia was found to be associated with a wide range of autoimmune diseases. However, the association between pemphigus and schizophrenia has not been established yet. We aimed to estimate the association between pemphigus and schizophrenia using a large-scale real-life computerised database. METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional study utilising the database of Clalit Health Services...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942751/modifiable-risk-factors-for-external-cause-mortality-after-release-from-prison-a-nested-case-control-study
#10
M J Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, J T Young, S A Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the general population. Because most studies of this phenomenon are reliant on registry data, there is little health and behavioural information available on those at risk, hampering the development of targeted, evidence-based preventive responses. Our aim was to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for external cause and cause-specific mortality after release from prison...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918762/standard-comparison-of-local-mental-health-care-systems-in-eight-european-countries
#11
M R Gutiérrez-Colosía, L Salvador-Carulla, J A Salinas-Pérez, C R García-Alonso, J Cid, D Salazzari, I Montagni, F Tedeschi, G Cetrano, K Chevreul, J Kalseth, G Hagmair, C Straßmayr, A L Park, R Sfectu, T Ala-Nikkola, J L González-Caballero, L Rabbi, B Kalseth, F Amaddeo
AIMS: There is a need of more quantitative standardised data to compare local Mental Health Systems (MHSs) across international jurisdictions. Problems related to terminological variability and commensurability in the evaluation of services hamper like-with-like comparisons and hinder the development of work in this area. This study was aimed to provide standard assessment and comparison of MHS in selected local areas in Europe, contributing to a better understanding of MHS and related allocation of resources at local level and to lessen the scarcity in standard service comparison in Europe...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854998/evaluating-capacity-building-for-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-for-service-users-and-caregivers-service-planners-and-researchers
#12
C Hanlon, M Semrau, A Alem, S Abayneh, J Abdulmalik, S Docrat, S Evans-Lacko, O Gureje, M Jordans, H Lempp, J Mugisha, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, G Thornicroft
Efforts to support the scale-up of integrated mental health care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) need to focus on building human resource capacity in health system strengthening, as well as in the direct provision of mental health care. In a companion editorial, we describe a range of capacity-building activities that are being implemented by a multi-country research consortium (Emerald: Emerging mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries) for (1) service users and caregivers, (2) service planners and policy-makers and (3) researchers in six LMICs (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda)...
August 31, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835299/paid-employment-and-common-mental-disorders-in-50-64-year-olds-analysis-of-three-cross-sectional-nationally-representative-survey-samples-in-1993-2000-and-2007
#13
G Perera, G Di Gessa, L M Corna, K Glaser, R Stewart
AIMS: Associations between employment status and mental health are well recognised, but evidence is sparse on the relationship between paid employment and mental health in the years running up to statutory retirement ages using robust mental health measures. In addition, there has been no investigation into the stability over time in this relationship: an important consideration if survey findings are used to inform future policy. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between employment status and common mental disorder (CMD) in 50-64-year old residents in England and its stability over time, taking advantage of three national mental health surveys carried out over a 14-year period...
August 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805185/-unmet-need-and-met-un-need-in-mental-health-services-artefacts-of-a-categorical-view-of-mental-health-problems
#14
A F Jorm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805174/socioeconomic-position-and-depression-in-south-african-adults-with-long-term-health-conditions-a-longitudinal-study-of-causal-pathways
#15
T Elwell-Sutton, N Folb, A Clark, L R Fairall, C Lund, M O Bachmann
AIMS: There is convincing evidence that lower socioeconomic position is associated with increased risk of mental disorders. However, the mechanisms involved are not well understood. This study aims to elucidate the causal pathways between socioeconomic position and depression symptoms in South African adults. Two possible causal theories are examined: social causation, which suggests that poor socioeconomic conditions cause mental ill health; and social drift, which suggests that those with poor mental health are more likely to drift into poor socioeconomic circumstances...
August 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791939/marcel-schmitz-tape-planner
#16
E Dejasse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789715/metabolic-alterations-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-a-review-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-studies
#17
G Delvecchio, J A Stanley, A C Altamura, P Brambilla
Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common psychiatric illness characterised by selective morpho-functional brain alterations. The breath of neuroimaging studies investigating the neural basis of GAD is extensive; however, its pathophysiology is still largely unknown. Specifically for proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (¹H MRS) investigations, which have the aim of identifying differences in metabolite levels between conditions in key brain areas, often showed contrasting results. Indeed, there are selected ¹H MRS studies reporting deficits of key metabolites in GAD patients; however, collectively the literature remains mixed with respect to consistency of major findings...
August 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748774/exposure-to-parental-psychopathology-and-offspring-s-risk-of-suicide-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review
#18
S M Goodday, J Shuldiner, S Bondy, A E Rhodes
AIMS: The primary objective of this systematic review was to identify and synthesise analytic studies examining the association between exposure to parental psychopathology in childhood and the nature of subsequent suicide-related thoughts (SRT) and suicide-related behaviour (SRB) (severity of ideation, planned/unplanned attempts/lethality) and to describe the direction, and magnitude of associations. The secondary objective was to determine if the associations from the primary objective differ by the type(s) and timing of parental psychopathology, sex/gender of the parent and child and is mediated by child psychiatric symptoms and family functioning...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#19
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735592/the-prevalence-and-service-utilisation-associated-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
F Charlson, S Diminic, C Choulamany, D Santomauro, S Raja, H Whiteford
AIMS: An epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the mental and substance use disorders and ascertain patterns of mental health services utilisation in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with the aim of evaluating existing gaps and opportunities in the provision of mental health services. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional, household survey of adults living within Vientiane Capital province, Lao PDR. We collected data on participant demographics, mental and physical health status, family history of mental illness and exposure to potential risk factors...
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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