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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#1
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625219/artist-lee-godie-i-m-much-better-than-cezanne
#2
C Tansella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625216/symptom-rating-scales-for-schizophrenia-and-other-primary-psychotic-disorders-in-icd-11
#3
J W Keeley, W Gaebel
The subtype system for categorising presentations of schizophrenia will be removed from International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision. In its place will be a system for rating six domains of psychotic disorder pathology: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, depressive symptoms, manic symptoms, psychomotor symptoms and cognitive symptoms. This paper outlines the rationale and description of the proposed symptom rating scale, including current controversies. In particular, the scale could adopt either a 4-point severity rating or a 2-point presence/absence rating...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625212/mental-health-service-use-and-need-for-care-of-australians-without-diagnoses-of-mental-disorders-findings-from-a-large-epidemiological-survey
#4
I Bobevski, A Rosen, G Meadows
AIMS: While epidemiological surveys worldwide have found a considerable proportion of people using mental health services not to have a diagnosis of a mental disorder, with possible implications of service overuse, other work has suggested that most people without a current diagnosis who used services exhibited other indicators of need. The aims of the present study were, using somewhat different categorisations than previous work, to investigate whether: (1) Australians without a diagnosis of a mental disorder who used mental health services had other indicators of need; and (2) how rate and frequency of service use in Australia related to level of need, then to discuss the findings in light of recent developments in Australian Mental Health Policy and other epidemiological and services research findings...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606206/antenatal-depressed-mood-and-child-cognitive-and-physical-growth-at-18-months-in-south-africa-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-home-visiting-by-community-health-workers
#5
M Tomlinson, M J Rotheram-Borus, A Scheffler, I le Roux
AIM: To examine the child outcomes at 18-months post-birth of a population cohort of women with antenatal depressed mood, half of whom were randomly chosen to receive perinatal home visits from community health workers during pregnancy. METHOD: Pregnant women in 24 neighbourhoods (98% participation) were randomised by neighbourhood to: (1) standard clinic care (SC; 12 neighbourhoods; n = 594) or (2) the Philani Intervention Program, a home visiting intervention plus standard care (12 neighbourhoods; n = 644)...
June 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580898/increased-cardiovascular-mortality-in-people-with-schizophrenia-a-24-year-national-register-study
#6
J Westman, S V Eriksson, M Gissler, J Hällgren, M L Prieto, W V Bobo, M A Frye, D Erlinge, L Alfredsson, U Ösby
Aims People who have schizophrenia die earlier from somatic diseases than do people in the general population, but information about cardiovascular deaths in people who have schizophrenia is limited. We analysed mortality in all age groups of people with schizophrenia by specific cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), focusing on five CVD diagnoses: coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease, heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias. We also compared hospital admissions for CVDs in people who had schizophrenia with hospital admissions for CVDs in the general population...
June 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578741/antipsychotic-combinations-in-schizophrenia
#7
C Gastaldon, D Papola, G Ostuzzi
In the treatment of resistant schizophrenia, a number of meta-analyses attempted to quantify the efficacy and tolerability of antipsychotic (AP) polypharmacy v. monotherapy with contradictory results. Recently, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials investigated the efficacy and tolerability of AP combination v. monotherapy in schizophrenia. It included 31 studies: 21 double-blind (considered high-quality studies) and 10 open-label (considered low-quality studies). The meta-analysis showed that, overall, the combination of two APs was more effective than monotherapy in terms of symptom reduction (standardised mean difference (SMD) = -0...
June 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514975/courttney-cooper-mapping-the-interior
#8
M Wiley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502272/adverse-childhood-experiences-exposure-to-a-natural-disaster-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#9
Y Inoue, A Stickley, A Yazawa, J Aida, I Kawachi, K Kondo, T Fujiwara
AIMS: To investigate whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) modify the impact of exposure to a natural disaster (the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami) on the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among older people. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), which is an on-going epidemiological survey investigating social determinants of health among older people across Japan. Information on PTSD symptoms based on the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health, traumatic exposure to the earthquake (i...
May 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487002/spiritualism-trauma-and-the-art-of-madge-gill
#10
D Wojcik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462754/methodological-quality-of-systematic-reviews-on-treatments-for-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
V C H Chung, X Y Wu, Y Feng, R S T Ho, S Y S Wong, D Threapleton
AIMS: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders and identifying effective treatment strategies is crucial for the control of depression. Well-conducted systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses can provide the best evidence for supporting treatment decision-making. Nevertheless, the trustworthiness of conclusions can be limited by lack of methodological rigour. This study aims to assess the methodological quality of a representative sample of SRs on depression treatments...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462751/coping-with-stigma-and-discrimination-evidence-from-mental-health-service-users-in-england
#12
A Isaksson, E Corker, J Cotney, S Hamilton, V Pinfold, D Rose, N Rüsch, C Henderson, G Thornicroft, S Evans-Lacko
AIMS: Mental health stigma and discrimination are significant problems. Common coping orientations include: concealing mental health problems, challenging others and educating others. We describe the use of common stigma coping orientations and explain variations within a sample of English mental health service users. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data were collected as part of the Viewpoint survey of mental health service users' experiences of discrimination (n = 3005)...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462748/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-the-order-of-service-provision-with-respect-to-cocaine-use-and-outcomes-in-an-urban-homeless-sample
#13
E R Ayvaci, O Obiri, D Pollio, C S North
AIMS: Little is known about outcomes of drug abuse related to attainment of stable housing. This study examined outcomes of cocaine use and service provision in an urban homeless sample. METHODS: Two-year longitudinal study of systematically selected homeless individuals (N = 255) in St. Louis, Missouri from 1999 to 2001. The sample was interviewed three times annually using a structured diagnostic interview. Urine drug testing was conducted at every interview, and service utilisation data were obtained from the structured interviews and the agency-provided service use data...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462747/the-quality-of-mental-health-literacy-measurement-tools-evaluating-the-stigma-of-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#14
Y Wei, P McGrath, J Hayden, S Kutcher
AIMS: Stigma of mental illness is a significant barrier to receiving mental health care. However, measurement tools evaluating stigma of mental illness have not been systematically assessed for their quality. We conducted a systematic review to critically appraise the methodological quality of studies assessing psychometrics of stigma measurement tools and determined the level of evidence of overall quality of psychometric properties of included tools. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and ERIC databases for eligible studies...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413998/optimising-treatment-strategies-for-adhd-in-adolescence-to-minimise-lost-in-transition-to-adulthood
#15
J K Buitelaar
The persistence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from adolescence to adulthood is not matched by continuity of care in this transition period. Many adolescents with ADHD have poor medication adherence or even stop medication treatment, and use of behavioural interventions is also suboptimal. The present commentary focuses on treatment strategies that might improve effects of ADHD medication treatment by improving adherence in adolescents with ADHD and/or optimise behavioural interventions for ADHD in adolescence...
April 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399952/reducing-the-treatment-gap-for-mental-neurological-and-substance-use-disorders-in-africa-lessons-from-the-friendship-bench-in-zimbabwe
#16
D Chibanda
Mental, neurological and substance use disorders (MNS) are a leading cause of disability in Africa. In response to the large treatment gap for MNS, a growing body of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is emerging from Africa; however, there is a dearth of knowledge on how to scale up EBT. The Friendship Bench intervention is a brief psychological treatment delivered through the primary health care system in Zimbabwe by trained lay health workers. It has contributed significantly towards narrowing the treatment gap for common mental disorders in Zimbabwe where it has been scaled up to over 70 primary health care facilities...
April 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397648/digging-deeper-population-level-racial-disparities-exposure-to-police-victimisation-and-psychological-trauma
#17
C T Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390448/taking-an-intersectional-approach-to-define-latent-classes-of-socioeconomic-status-ethnicity-and-migration-status-for-psychiatric-epidemiological-research
#18
L Goodwin, B Gazard, L Aschan, S MacCrimmon, M Hotopf, S L Hatch
AIMS: Inequalities in mental health are well documented using individual social statuses such as socioeconomic status (SES), ethnicity and migration status. However, few studies have taken an intersectional approach to investigate inequalities in mental health using latent class analysis (LCA). This study will examine the association between multiple indicator classes of social identity with common mental disorder (CMD). METHODS: Data on CMD symptoms were assessed in a diverse inner London sample of 1052 participants in the second wave of the South East London Community Health study...
April 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367775/mental-health-service-use-depression-panic-disorder-and-life-events-among-swedish-young-adults-in-2000-and-2010-a-repeated-cross-sectional-population-study-in-stockholm-county-sweden
#19
A Lundin, Y Forsell, C Dalman
AIMS: The use of specialised psychiatric services for depression and anxiety has increased steadily among young people in Sweden during recent years. It is not known to what extent this service use is due to an increase in psychiatric morbidity, or whether other adversities explain these trends. The aim of this study is to examine if there is increased use of psychiatric services among young adults in Sweden between 2000 and 2010, and if so, to what extent this increase is associated with differences in depression, anxiety and negative life events...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367774/the-singaporean-public-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness-results-from-a-multi-ethnic-population-based-study
#20
S Pang, M Subramaniam, S P Lee, Y W Lau, E Abdin, B Y Chua, L Picco, J A Vaingankar, S A Chong
AIMS: To identify the common causal beliefs of mental illness in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian community and describe the sociodemographic associations to said beliefs. The factor structure to the causal beliefs scale is explored. The causal beliefs relating to five different mental illnesses (alcohol abuse, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dementia and schizophrenia) and desire for social distance are also investigated. METHODS: Data from 3006 participants from a nationwide vignette-based study on mental health literacy were analysed using factor analysis and multiple logistic regression to address the aims...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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