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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665879/maternal-anxiety-depression-and-sleep-disorders-before-and-during-pregnancy-and-preschool-adhd-symptoms-in-the-ninfea-birth-cohort-study
#1
L Vizzini, M Popovic, D Zugna, B Vitiello, M Trevisan, C Pizzi, F Rusconi, L Gagliardi, F Merletti, L Richiardi
AIMS: Maternal mental disorders have been associated with the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Within the context of a mother-child cohort, we examined whether maternal anxiety, depression and sleep disorders are associated with pre-school ADHD symptoms. METHODS: The study included 3634 singletons from the Italian NINFEA (Nascita e INFanzia: gli Effetti dell'Ambiente') cohort. Maternal doctor-diagnosed anxiety, depression and sleep disorders before and during pregnancy were assessed from the questionnaires completed during pregnancy and 6 months after delivery...
April 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656729/-false-positive-self-reported-psychotic-experiences-in-the-general-population-an-investigation-of-outcome-predictive-factors-and-clinical-relevance
#2
Y van der Steen, I Myin-Germeys, M van Nierop, M Ten Have, R de Graaf, S van Dorsselaer, J van Os, R van Winkel
AIMS: Self-reported psychotic experiences (SRPE) by individuals from the general population are often unconfirmed by clinical interview and referred to as 'false-positive' (FP) SRPE. FP SRPE have been suggested to represent the mildest form of risk along the extended psychosis continuum. However, little is known about their (clinical) outcome and evolution over time. Aims of this study were to prospectively examine, in individuals with FP SRPE, (1) the prevalence of remission, persistence and transition to validated PE at 3-year follow-up; (2) potential baseline psychopathological and psychosocial predictors of persistence of FP SRPE and transition to validated PE; and (3) whether those with persistent FP SRPE and validated PE already differed on psychopathology and psychosocial factors at baseline...
April 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656726/the-mental-health-consumer-movement-and-peer-providers-in-israel
#3
G S Moran
Self-help peer-support groups in Israel emerged in the 1980s and, over time, dynamically interacted and co-developed with the statutory mental health (MH) system. In this editorial, I outline historical milestones of how the evolution of the Israeli mental health system was influenced by the consumer movement. A brief depiction of the consumer movement history. At first, consumers operated outside of the mainstream MH system. Gradually, consumer groups and institutional personnel joined efforts towards community integration and enhancement of quality of life, pushing forward a person-centered recovery orientation...
April 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644948/peer-support-and-global-mental-health
#4
B Puschner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633682/children-of-parents-who-have-been-hospitalised-with-psychiatric-disorders-are-at-risk-of-poor-school-readiness
#5
M F Bell, D M Bayliss, R Glauert, A Harrison, J L Ohan
AIMS: Children of parents with psychiatric disorders are at risk of poor outcomes. However, there is limited evidence regarding the relationship between parental psychiatric disorders and child school readiness, which is linked to later academic achievement. This study aims to investigate these relationships and broaden the evidence underlying the rationale for family-focused interventions for parental psychiatric disorders. METHOD: This study used linked administrative data...
April 10, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633681/subjective-wellbeing-suicide-and-socioeconomic-factors-an-ecological-analysis-in-hong-kong
#6
C-Y Hsu, S-S Chang, P S F Yip
AIMS: There has recently been an increased interest in mental health indicators for the monitoring of population wellbeing, which is among the targets of Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations. Levels of subjective wellbeing and suicide rates have been proposed as indicators of population mental health, but prior research is limited. METHODS: Data on individual happiness and life satisfaction were sourced from a population-based survey in Hong Kong (2011)...
April 10, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633680/antidepressant-prescription-rates-and-suicide-attempt-rates-from-2004-to-2016-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents-in-the-usa
#7
M Plöderl, M P Hengartner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618392/peer-support-for-mental-illness-in-india-an-underutilised-resource
#8
S Pathare, J Kalha, S Krishnamoorthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540248/delays-in-making-initial-treatment-contact-after-the-first-onset-of-mental-health-disorders-in-the-argentinean-study-of-mental-health-epidemiology
#9
J C Stagnaro, A H Cia, H Vommaro, S Sustas, N Vázquez, E Serfaty, R C Kessler, C Benjet
AIMS: While there are effective treatments for psychiatric disorders, many individuals with such disorders do not receive treatment and those that do often take years to get into treatment. Information regarding treatment contact failure and delay in Argentina is needed to guide public health policy and planning. Therefore, this study aimed to provide data on prompt treatment contact, lifetime treatment contact, median duration of treatment delays and socio-demographic predictors of treatment contact after the first onset of a mental disorder...
March 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530111/celebrating-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-reform
#10
F Amaddeo, C Barbui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528032/can-a-digital-medicine-system-improve-adherence-to-antipsychotic-treatment
#11
D Papola, C Gastaldon, G Ostuzzi
A substantial proportion of people with mental health conditions do not adhere to prescribed pharmacological treatments. Poor adherence is probably one of the most critical elements contributing to relapse in people with schizophrenia and other severe mental disorders. In order to tackle this global issue, in November 2017 the Food and Drug Administration approved a tablet formulation of the atypical antipsychotic aripiprazole embedded with a novel digital adherence-assessment device. In this commentary, we critically appraised the potential beneficial and harmful consequences of this new digital formulation of aripiprazole, and we highlighted expected implications for clinical practice...
March 12, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521609/care-gap-a-comprehensive-measure-to-quantify-unmet-needs-in-mental-health
#12
S Pathare, A Brazinova, I Levav
AIM: Treatment gap refers to the percentage of individuals who require treatment in a country or a defined community but do not receive it due to various reasons. There is widespread acceptance of 'treatment gap' as a measure of unmet needs in mental health. However, the term 'treatment' carries a medical connotation and implies biomedical treatment (or lack of it) of mental illness and is often interpreted by policymakers, planners and researchers, as well as by non-professional stakeholders as exclusively referring to curative clinical psychiatric interventions...
March 9, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506591/forty-years-of-the-law-180-the-aspirations-of-a-great-reform-its-successes-and-continuing-need
#13
R Mezzina
AIM: Italy pioneered deinstitutionalisation over the past 60 years and enforced a famous mental health (MH) reform law in 1978. Deinstitutionalisation has been completed with the very closure of all psychiatric hospitals over two decades. METHODS: After 40 years of implementation, this article presents the main achievements and challenges of the Italian MH reform law, including its long-term effect and impact in Italy and abroad. RESULTS: The Legislation of 1978 was based on the discovery of rights as a key tool in mental healthcare...
March 6, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486817/henry-darger-and-the-aronburg-mystery
#14
M Bonesteel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486804/was-eysenck-right-after-all-a-reassessment-of-the-effects-of-psychotherapy-for-adult-depression
#15
P Cuijpers, E Karyotaki, M Reijnders, D D Ebert
AIMS: In the 1950s, Eysenck suggested that psychotherapies may not be effective at all. Twenty-five years later, the first meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials showed that the effects of psychotherapies were considerable and that Eysenck was wrong. However, since that time methods have become available to assess biases in meta-analyses. METHODS: We examined the influence of these biases on the effects of psychotherapies for adult depression, including risk of bias, publication bias and the exclusion of waiting list control groups...
February 28, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415786/effects-of-self-reported-hearing-or-vision-impairment-on-depressive-symptoms-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#16
J H Han, H J Lee, J Jung, E-C Park
AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of either hearing, vision or dual sensory impairment on depressive symptoms and to identify subgroups that are vulnerable and significantly affected. METHODS: Data from the 2006-2014 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) were used and a total of 5832 individuals were included in this study. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D10) scale. Sensory impairment was assessed according to the levels of self-reported hearing or vision, which were categorised as either good (excellent, very good or good) or poor (fair or poor)...
February 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382403/involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalisation-stigma-stress-and-recovery-a-2-year-study
#17
Z Xu, B Lay, N Oexle, T Drack, M Bleiker, S Lengler, C Blank, M Müller, B Mayer, W Rössler, N Rüsch
AIMS: Compulsory admission can be experienced as devaluing and stigmatising by people with mental illness. Emotional reactions to involuntary hospitalisation and stigma-related stress may affect recovery, but longitudinal data are lacking. We, therefore, examined the impact of stigma-related emotional reactions and stigma stress on recovery over a 2-year period. METHOD: Shame and self-contempt as emotional reactions to involuntary hospitalisation, stigma stress, self-stigma and empowerment, as well as recovery were assessed among 186 individuals with serious mental illness and a history of recent involuntary hospitalisation...
January 31, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382402/associations-of-physical-activity-with-anxiety-symptoms-and-status-results-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing
#18
C P McDowell, B R Gordon, K L Andrews, C MacDonncha, M P Herring
AIMS: Anxiety is debilitating and associated with numerous mental and physical comorbidities. There is a need to identify and investigate low-risk prevention and treatment strategies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between different volumes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (PA) and anxiety symptoms and status among older adults in Ireland. METHODS: Participants (n = 4175; 56.8% female) aged ⩾50 years completed the International PA Questionnaire (IPAQ) at baseline, and the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at baseline and follow-up (2009-2013)...
January 31, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198241/a-parallel-universe-where-psychiatry-is-like-the-rest-of-medicine
#19
C M Pariante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322940/mental-health-capacity-building-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-emerald-programme
#20
G Thornicroft, M Semrau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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