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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415786/effects-of-self-reported-hearing-or-vision-impairment-on-depressive-symptoms-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#1
J H Han, H J Lee, J Jung, E-C Park
AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of either hearing, vision or dual sensory impairment on depressive symptoms and to identify subgroups that are vulnerable and significantly affected. METHODS: Data from the 2006-2014 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) were used and a total of 5832 individuals were included in this study. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D10) scale. Sensory impairment was assessed according to the levels of self-reported hearing or vision, which were categorised as either good (excellent, very good or good) or poor (fair or poor)...
February 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382403/involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalisation-stigma-stress-and-recovery-a-2-year-study
#2
Z Xu, B Lay, N Oexle, T Drack, M Bleiker, S Lengler, C Blank, M Müller, B Mayer, W Rössler, N Rüsch
AIMS: Compulsory admission can be experienced as devaluing and stigmatising by people with mental illness. Emotional reactions to involuntary hospitalisation and stigma-related stress may affect recovery, but longitudinal data are lacking. We, therefore, examined the impact of stigma-related emotional reactions and stigma stress on recovery over a 2-year period. METHOD: Shame and self-contempt as emotional reactions to involuntary hospitalisation, stigma stress, self-stigma and empowerment, as well as recovery were assessed among 186 individuals with serious mental illness and a history of recent involuntary hospitalisation...
January 31, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382402/associations-of-physical-activity-with-anxiety-symptoms-and-status-results-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing
#3
C P McDowell, B R Gordon, K L Andrews, C MacDonncha, M P Herring
AIMS: Anxiety is debilitating and associated with numerous mental and physical comorbidities. There is a need to identify and investigate low-risk prevention and treatment strategies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between different volumes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (PA) and anxiety symptoms and status among older adults in Ireland. METHODS: Participants (n = 4175; 56.8% female) aged ⩾50 years completed the International PA Questionnaire (IPAQ) at baseline, and the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at baseline and follow-up (2009-2013)...
January 31, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#4
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335036/individuals-with-currently-untreated-mental-illness-causal-beliefs-and-readiness-to-seek-help
#5
S Stolzenburg, S Freitag, S Evans-Lacko, S Speerforck, S Schmidt, G Schomerus
AIMS: Many people with mental illness do not seek professional help. Beliefs about the causes of their current health problem seem relevant for initiating treatment. Our aim was to find out to what extent the perceived causes of current untreated mental health problems determine whether a person considers herself/himself as having a mental illness, perceives need for professional help and plans to seek help in the near future. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we examined 207 untreated persons with a depressive syndrome, all fulfilling criteria for a current mental illness as confirmed with a structured diagnostic interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321076/being-influential-or-being-misleading-citation-bias-in-psychiatric-research-and-practice
#6
A Fiorillo, M Luciano, G Sampogna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283080/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-contacts-by-persons-with-mental-disorders-in-25-countries-results-from-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#7
P de Jonge, K J Wardenaar, H R Hoenders, S Evans-Lacko, V Kovess-Masfety, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, L H Andrade, C Benjet, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, B Bunting, J M Caldas-de-Almeida, R V Dinolova, S Florescu, G de Girolamo, O Gureje, J M Haro, C Hu, Y Huang, E G Karam, G Karam, S Lee, J-P Lépine, D Levinson, V Makanjuola, F Navarro-Mateu, B-E Pennell, J Posada-Villa, K Scott, H Tachimori, D Williams, B Wojtyniak, R C Kessler, G Thornicroft
AIMS: A substantial proportion of persons with mental disorders seek treatment from complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) professionals. However, data on how CAM contacts vary across countries, mental disorders and their severity, and health care settings is largely lacking. The aim was therefore to investigate the prevalence of contacts with CAM providers in a large cross-national sample of persons with 12-month mental disorders. METHODS: In the World Mental Health Surveys, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview was administered to determine the presence of past 12 month mental disorders in 138 801 participants aged 18-100 derived from representative general population samples...
December 28, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268801/is-user-involvement-a-reality-or-a-dream-in-lmics-as-well-as-in-the-rest-of-the-world
#8
Barbara D'Avanzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233203/social-exclusion-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-switzerland-results-from-the-swiss-health-survey
#9
D Richter, H Hoffmann
AIMS: People with severe mental illness (SMI) have a high risk of living socially excluded from the mainstream society. Policy initiatives and health systems aim to improve the social situation of people who suffer from mental health disabilities. The aim of this study was to explore the extent of social exclusion (employment and income, social network and social activities, health problems) of people with SMI in Switzerland. METHODS: Data from the Swiss Health Survey 2012 were used to compare the social exclusion magnitude of people with SMI with those suffering from severe physical illness, common mental illness and the general population...
December 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199920/consumers-understanding-and-expectations-of-a-community-based-recovery-oriented-mental-health-rehabilitation-unit-a-pragmatic-grounded-theory-analysis
#10
Stephen Parker, Frances Dark, Ellie Newman, Dominic Hanley, William McKinlay, Carla Meurk
AIMS: Incorporating consumer perspectives into mental health services design is important in working to deliver recovery-oriented care. One of the challenges faced in mental health rehabilitation services is limited consumer engagement with the available support. Listening to consumers' expectations of mental health services, and what they hope to achieve, provides an opportunity to examine the alignment between existing services and the priorities and preferences of the people who use them...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198241/a-parallel-universe-where-psychiatry-is-like-the-rest-of-medicine
#11
C M Pariante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198240/aligning-the-icd-11-classification-of-disorders-due-to-substance-use-with-global-service-needs
#12
V Poznyak, G M Reed, M E Medina-Mora
The use of psychoactive, potentially dependence-producing substances is highly prevalent around the world, and contributes substantially to global disease burden. There is a major gap between the need for treatment for substance use disorders. Changes proposed for the classification of substance use disorders in the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, based on a public health approach, have important implications for the conceptualisation, structure and availability of services...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198237/risk-correlates-for-physical-mental-multimorbidities-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
I Petersen, S Rathod, T Kathree, O Selohilwe, A Bhana
AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the risk correlates for coexisting common mental disorders (CMDs) in the chronic care population in South Africa, with the view to identifying particularly vulnerable patient populations. METHODS: The sample comprised 2549 chronic care patients enrolled in the baseline and endline rounds of a facility detection survey conducted by the Programme for Improving Mental Health Care in three large facilities in the Dr Kenneth Kaunda district in the North West province of South Africa...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183418/defending-psychiatry-or-defending-the-trivial-effects-of-therapeutic-interventions-a-citation-content-analysis-of-an-influential-paper
#14
I A Cristea, F Naudet
AIMS: Leucht et al. in 2012 described an overview of meta-analyses of the efficacy of medication in psychiatry and general medicine, concluding that psychiatric drugs were not less efficacious than other drugs. Our goal was to explore the dissemination of this highly cited paper, which combined a thought provoking message with a series of caveats. METHODS: We conducted a prospectively registered citation content analysis. All papers published before June 1st citing the target paper were independently rated by two investigators...
November 29, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166967/the-clinical-significance-of-drug-placebo-differences
#15
I Kirsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322940/mental-health-capacity-building-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-emerald-programme
#16
G Thornicroft, M Semrau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322939/public-health-psychopharmacology-a-new-research-discipline-comes-of-age
#17
C Barbui, G Ostuzzi, B Godman
Research evidence guiding the identification of pragmatic and effective actions aimed at improving the selection, availability, affordability and rational prescribing of medicines for mental disorders is sparse and inconsistent. In order to boost the development of new research, in this commentary we suggest to organise and classify all the activities in this area under a common theoretical framework and nomenclature, adopting the term 'public health psychopharmacology'. Public health psychopharmacology is proposed as a research discipline, based on contributions from the fields of regulatory science, health services research and implementation science...
February 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039301/populational-and-individual-perspective-on-needs
#18
A Lesage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805185/-unmet-need-and-met-un-need-in-mental-health-services-artefacts-of-a-categorical-view-of-mental-health-problems
#19
A F Jorm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789715/metabolic-alterations-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-a-review-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-studies
#20
G Delvecchio, J A Stanley, A C Altamura, P Brambilla
Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common psychiatric illness characterised by selective morpho-functional brain alterations. The breath of neuroimaging studies investigating the neural basis of GAD is extensive; however, its pathophysiology is still largely unknown. Specifically for proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (¹H MRS) investigations, which have the aim of identifying differences in metabolite levels between conditions in key brain areas, often showed contrasting results. Indeed, there are selected ¹H MRS studies reporting deficits of key metabolites in GAD patients; however, collectively the literature remains mixed with respect to consistency of major findings...
December 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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