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EJNMMI Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337725/comparison-of-diagnostic-performance-of-four-software-packages-for-phase-dyssynchrony-analysis-in-gated-myocardial-perfusion-spect
#1
Koichi Okuda, Kenichi Nakajima, Shinro Matsuo, Soichiro Kashiwaya, Hiroto Yoneyama, Takayuki Shibutani, Masahisa Onoguchi, Mitsumasa Hashimoto, Seigo Kinuya
BACKGROUND: Phase analysis of gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for assessment of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony was investigated using the following dedicated software packages: Corridor4DM (4DM), cardioREPO (cREPO), Emory Cardiac Toolbox (ECTb), and quantitative gated SPECT (QGS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the normal values of 95% histogram bandwidth, phase standard deviation (SD), and entropy and to compare the diagnostic performance of the four software packages...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337724/i-123-iomazenil-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-for-detecting-loss-of-neuronal-integrity-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Kagari Abiko, Katsunori Ikoma, Tohru Shiga, Chietsugu Katoh, Kenji Hirata, Yuji Kuge, Kentaro Kobayashi, Nagara Tamaki
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes brain dysfunction in many patients. Using C-11 flumazenil (FMZ) positron emission tomography (PET), we have detected and reported the loss of neuronal integrity, leading to brain dysfunction in TBI patients. Similarly to FMZ PET, I-123 iomazenil (IMZ) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is widely used to determine the distribution of the benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) in the brain cortex. The purpose of this study is to examine whether IMZ SPECT is as useful as FMZ PET for evaluating the loss of neuronal integrity in TBI patients...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337723/assessment-of-safety-efficacy-and-dosimetry-of-a-novel-18-kda-translocator-protein-ligand-11-c-cb184-in-healthy-human-volunteers
#3
Muneyuki Sakata, Kenji Ishibashi, Masamichi Imai, Kei Wagatsuma, Kenji Ishii, Kentaro Hatano, Kiichi Ishiwata, Jun Toyohara
BACKGROUND: N,N-di-n-propyl-2-[2-(4-[(11)C]methoxyphenyl)-6,8-dichloroimidazol[1,2-a]pyridine-3-yl]acetamide ([(11)C]CB184) is a novel selective radioligand for the 18-kD translocator protein (TSPO), which is upregulated in activated microglia in the brain, and may be useful in positron emission tomography (PET). We examined the safety, radiation dosimetry, and initial brain imaging with [(11)C]CB184 in healthy human volunteers. RESULTS: Dynamic [(11)C]CB184 PET scans (90 min) were performed in five healthy male subjects...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324341/beta-amyloid-deposition-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-differing-levels-of-treatment-resistance-a-pilot-study
#4
Peng Li, Ing-Tsung Hsiao, Chia-Yih Liu, Chia-Hsiang Chen, She-Yao Huang, Tzu-Chen Yen, Kuan-Yi Wu, Kun-Ju Lin
BACKGROUND: Lack of treatment response in patients with late-life depression is common. The role of brain beta-amyloid (Aβ) deposition in treatment outcome in subjects with late-life depression remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate brain Aβ deposition in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with differing treatment outcomes in vivo using (18)F-florbetapir imaging. This study included 62 MDD patients and 18 healthy control subjects (HCs).We first employed the Maudsley staging method (MSM) to categorize MDD patients into two groups according to treatment response: mild treatment resistance (n = 29) and moderate-to-severe treatment resistance (n = 33)...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324340/quantitative-18-f-fluorocholine-positron-emission-tomography-for-prostate-cancer-correlation-between-kinetic-parameters-and-gleason-scoring
#5
Joshua J D Schaefferkoetter, Ziting Wang, Mary C Stephenson, Sharmili Roy, Maurizio Conti, Lars Eriksson, David W Townsend, Thomas Thamboo, Edmund Chiong
BACKGROUND: The use of radiolabeled choline as a positron emission tomography (PET) agent for imaging primary tumors in the prostate has been evaluated extensively over the past two decades. There are, however, conflicting reports of its sensitivity and the relationship between choline PET imaging and disease staging is not fully understood. Moreover, relatively few studies have investigated the correlation between tracer uptake and histological tumor grade. This work quantified (18)F-fluorocholine in tumor and healthy prostate tissue using pharmacokinetic modeling and stratified uptake parameters by histology grade...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303487/reproducibility-of-18f-fluoromisonidazole-intratumour-distribution-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-methodological-issues-to-avoid-mismanagement-of-the-patients
#6
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271461/new-approaches-for-the-reliable-in-vitro-assessment-of-binding-affinity-based-on-high-resolution-real-time-data-acquisition-of-radioligand-receptor-binding-kinetics
#7
Markus Zeilinger, Florian Pichler, Lukas Nics, Wolfgang Wadsak, Helmut Spreitzer, Marcus Hacker, Markus Mitterhauser
BACKGROUND: Resolving the kinetic mechanisms of biomolecular interactions have become increasingly important in early-phase drug development. Since traditional in vitro methods belong to dose-dependent assessments, binding kinetics is usually overlooked. The present study aimed at the establishment of two novel experimental approaches for the assessment of binding affinity of both, radiolabelled and non-labelled compounds targeting the A3R, based on high-resolution real-time data acquisition of radioligand-receptor binding kinetics...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266002/voxel-based-mapping-of-grey-matter-volume-and-glucose-metabolism-profiles-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#8
M-S Buhour, F Doidy, A Mondou, A Pélerin, L Carluer, F Eustache, F Viader, B Desgranges
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive disease of the nervous system involving both upper and lower motor neurons. The patterns of structural and metabolic brain alterations are still unclear. Several studies using anatomical MRI yielded a number of discrepancies in their results, and a few PET studies investigated the effect of ALS on cerebral glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was threefold: to highlight the patterns of grey matter (GM) atrophy, hypometabolism and hypermetabolism in patients with ALS, then to understand the neurobehavioral significance of hypermetabolism and, finally, to investigate the regional differences between the morphologic and functional changes in ALS patients, using a specially designed voxel-based method...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244022/characteristics-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-aortitis-periaortitis-and-periarteritis-on-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-co-registered-with-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography
#9
Satoshi Yabusaki, Noriko Oyama-Manabe, Osamu Manabe, Kenji Hirata, Fumi Kato, Noriyuki Miyamoto, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Kohsuke Kudo, Nagara Tamaki, Hiroki Shirato
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the positivity, distribution, quantitative degree of vessel inflammation, and clinical characteristics of IgG4-related aortitis/periarteritis and periarteritis (IgG4-aortitis), and to examine the difference in these characteristics between cases with and without IgG4-aortitis, using fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) co-registered with contrast-enhanced CT (CECT). We retrospectively evaluated 37 patients with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) who underwent both FDG-PET/CT and CECT...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244021/-18-f-fdg-labeled-red-blood-cell-pet-for-blood-pool-imaging-preclinical-evaluation-in-rats
#10
Yohji Matsusaka, Tadaki Nakahara, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Yu Iwabuchi, Chiyoko Nishime, Mayumi Kajimura, Masahiro Jinzaki
BACKGROUND: Red blood cells (RBCs) labeled with single-photon emitters have been clinically used for blood-pool imaging. Although some PET tracers have been introduced for blood-pool imaging, they have not yet been widely used. The present study investigated the feasibility of labeling RBCs with (18)F-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) for blood-pool imaging with PET. RBCs isolated from venous blood of rats were washed with glucose-free phosphate-buffered saline and labeled with (18)F-FDG...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233160/spect-image-segmentation-for-estimation-of-tumour-volume-and-activity-concentration-in-177-lu-dotatate-radionuclide-therapy
#11
Johan Gustafsson, Anna Sundlöv, Katarina Sjögreen Gleisner
BACKGROUND: Dosimetry in radionuclide therapy has the potential to allow for a treatment tailored to the individual patient. One therapeutic radiopharmaceutical where patient-specific dosimetry is feasible is (177)Lu-DOTATATE, used for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumours. The emission of gamma photons by (177)Lu allows for imaging with SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography). One important step for dosimetry using this imaging technique is the SPECT image segmentation, which needs to be robust and accurate for the estimated quantities to be reliable...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229437/pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-11-c-flumazenil-kinetics-in-the-rat-brain
#12
Isadora Lopes Alves, David Vállez García, Andrea Parente, Janine Doorduin, Rudi Dierckx, Ana Maria Marques da Silva, Michel Koole, Antoon Willemsen, Ronald Boellaard
BACKGROUND: Preferred models for the pharmacokinetic analysis of [(11)C]flumazenil human studies have been previously established. However, direct translation of these models and settings to animal studies might be sub-optimal. Therefore, this study evaluates pharmacokinetic models for the quantification of [(11)C]flumazenil binding in the rat brain. Dynamic (60 min) [(11)C]flumazenil brain PET scans were performed in two groups of male Wistar rats (tracer dose (TD), n = 10 and pre-saturated (PS), n = 2)...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210997/3d-skeletal-uptake-of-18-f-sodium-fluoride-in-pet-ct-images-is-associated-with-overall-survival-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#13
Sarah Lindgren Belal, May Sadik, Reza Kaboteh, Nezar Hasani, Olof Enqvist, Linus Svärm, Fredrik Kahl, Jane Simonsen, Mads H Poulsen, Mattias Ohlsson, Poul F Høilund-Carlsen, Lars Edenbrandt, Elin Trägårdh
BACKGROUND: Sodium fluoride (NaF) positron emission tomography combined with computer tomography (PET/CT) has shown to be more sensitive than the whole-body bone scan in the detection of skeletal uptake due to metastases in prostate cancer. We aimed to calculate a 3D index for NaF PET/CT and investigate its correlation to the bone scan index (BSI) and overall survival (OS) in a group of patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: NaF PET/CT and bone scans were studied in 48 patients with prostate cancer...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210996/quantitative-evaluation-of-oxygen-metabolism-in-the-intratumoral-hypoxia-18-f-fluoromisonidazole-and-15-o-labelled-gases-inhalation-pet
#14
Tadashi Watabe, Yasukazu Kanai, Hayato Ikeda, Genki Horitsugi, Keiko Matsunaga, Hiroki Kato, Kayako Isohashi, Kohji Abe, Eku Shimosegawa, Jun Hatazawa
BACKGROUND: Intratumoral hypoxia is one of the resistant factors in radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cancer. Although it is detected by (18)F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) PET, the relationship between intratumoral hypoxia and oxygen metabolism has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intratumoral perfusion and oxygen metabolism in hypoxic regions using the rat xenograft model. Ten male Fischer rats with C6 glioma (body weight = 220 ± 15 g) were investigated with (18)F-FMISO PET and steady-state inhalation method of (15)O-labelled gases PET...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197899/erratum-to-test-retest-analysis-of-a-non-invasive-method-of-quantifying-11-c-pbr28-binding-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Akshay Nair, Mattia Veronese, Xiaohui Xu, Charles Curtis, Federico Turkheimer, Robert Howard, Suzanne Reeves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176243/the-extent-to-which-standardized-uptake-values-reflect-fdg-phosphorylation-in-the-liver-and-spleen-as-functions-of-time-after-injection-of-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose
#16
Georgia Keramida, Constantinos D Anagnostopoulos, A Michael Peters
PURPOSE: In FDG PET/CT, standardized uptake value (SUV) is used to measure metabolic activity but detects un-phosphorylated FDG as well as phosphorylated FDG (FDG6P). Our aim was to determine the proportions of intrahepatic and intrasplenic FDG that are phosphorylated after FDG injection and compare them with SUVs. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing whole-body PET/CT 60 min post-injection of FDG first had dynamic PET imaging for 30 min with measurement of hepatic and splenic FDG clearances using Patlak-Rutland analysis...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168589/impact-of-pet-acquisition-durations-on-image-quality-and-lesion-detectability-in-whole-body-68-ga-psma-pet-mri
#17
Benjamin Noto, Florian Büther, Katharina Auf der Springe, Nemanja Avramovic, Walter Heindel, Michael Schäfers, Thomas Allkemper, Lars Stegger
BACKGROUND: While (68)Ga-PSMA PET-MRI might be superior to PET-CT with regard to soft tissue assessment in prostate cancer evaluation, it is also known to potentially introduce additional PET image artefacts. Therefore, the impact of PET acquisition duration and attenuation data on artefact occurrence, lesion detectability, and quantification was investigated. To this end, whole-body PET list mode data from 12 patients with prostate cancer were acquired 1 h after injection of 2 MBq/kg [(68)Ga]HBED-CC-PSMA on a hybrid PET-MRI system...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130689/comparison-of-machine-learning-methods-for-classifying-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastasis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-from-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-images
#18
Hongkai Wang, Zongwei Zhou, Yingci Li, Zhonghua Chen, Peiou Lu, Wenzhi Wang, Wanyu Liu, Lijuan Yu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare one state-of-the-art deep learning method and four classical machine learning methods for classifying mediastinal lymph node metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from (18)F-FDG PET/CT images. Another objective was to compare the discriminative power of the recently popular PET/CT texture features with the widely used diagnostic features such as tumor size, CT value, SUV, image contrast, and intensity standard deviation. The four classical machine learning methods included random forests, support vector machines, adaptive boosting, and artificial neural network...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120177/the-impact-of-reconstruction-and-scanner-characterisation-on-the-diagnostic-capability-of-a-normal-database-for-123-i-fp-cit-spect-imaging
#19
John C Dickson, Livia Tossici-Bolt, Terez Sera, Jan Booij, Morten Ziebell, Silvia Morbelli, Susanne Assenbaum-Nan, Thierry Vander Borght, Marco Pagani, Ozlem L Kapucu, Swen Hesse, Koen Van Laere, Jacques Darcourt, Andrea Varrone, Klaus Tatsch
BACKGROUND: The use of a normal database for [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT imaging has been found to be helpful for cases which are difficult to interpret by visual assessment alone, and to improve reproducibility in scan interpretation. The aim of this study was to assess whether the use of different tomographic reconstructions affects the performance of a normal [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT database and also whether systems benefit from a system characterisation before a database is used. Seventy-seven [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT studies from two sites and with 3-year clinical follow-up were assessed quantitatively for scan normality using the ENC-DAT normal database obtained in well-documented healthy subjects...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102507/-44-sc-psma-617-for-radiotheragnostics-in-tandem-with-177-lu-psma-617-preclinical-investigations-in-comparison-with-68-ga-psma-11-and-68-ga-psma-617
#20
Christoph A Umbricht, Martina Benešová, Raffaella M Schmid, Andreas Türler, Roger Schibli, Nicholas P van der Meulen, Cristina Müller
BACKGROUND: The targeting of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is of particular interest for radiotheragnostic purposes of prostate cancer. Radiolabeled PSMA-617, a 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-functionalized PSMA ligand, revealed favorable kinetics with high tumor uptake, enabling its successful application for PET imaging ((68)Ga) and radionuclide therapy ((177)Lu) in the clinics. In this study, PSMA-617 was labeled with cyclotron-produced (44)Sc (T 1/2 = 4...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
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