Read by QxMD icon Read

EJNMMI Research

Kayako Isohashi, Eku Shimosegawa, Sadahiro Naka, Yasukazu Kanai, Genki Horitsugi, Ikuko Mochida, Keiko Matsunaga, Tadashi Watabe, Hiroki Kato, Mitsuaki Tatsumi, Jun Hatazawa
BACKGROUND: In boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), positron emission tomography (PET) with 4-borono-2-(18)F-fluoro-phenylalanine (FBPA) is the only method to estimate an accumulation of (10)B to target tumor and surrounding normal tissue after administering (10)B carrier of L-paraboronophenylalanine and to search the indication of BNCT for individual patient. Absolute concentration of (10)B in tumor has been estimated by multiplying (10)B concentration in blood during BNCT by tumor to blood radioactivity (T/B) ratio derived from FBPA PET...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Viviana De Rosa, Francesca Iommelli, Marcello Monti, Ciro Gabriele Mainolfi, Rosa Fonti, Silvana Del Vecchio
BACKGROUND: The two main mechanisms of resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are the occurrence of T790M secondary mutation in the kinase domain of EGFR and MET amplification. The aim of the present study was to test whether early changes of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake in animal models bearing erlotinib-resistant NSCLC may have different imaging patterns of response to erlotinib depending on the molecular mechanisms underlying resistance...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Evan C Frary, Dorte Gad, Lars Bastholt, Søren Hess
BACKGROUND: On April 1, 2015, Odense University Hospital (OUH) began a new diagnostic strategy, wherein all malignant melanoma (MM) patients in the Region of Southern Denmark with a positive sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) underwent FDG-PET/CT preoperatively prior to lymph node dissection (LND). The purpose of this study is to determine FDG-PET/CT's efficacy in finding distant metastasis in the first year after the implementation of this new strategy, and to what extent these findings influence subsequent diagnostic testing and treatment in this patient group...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Akshay Nair, Mattia Veronese, Xiaohui Xu, Charles Curtis, Federico Turkheimer, Robert Howard, Suzanne Reeves
PURPOSE: In order to maximise the utility of [(11)C]-PBR28 for use in longitudinal studies and clinical trials in Alzheimer's disease (AD), there is a need to develop non-invasive metrics of tracer binding that do not require arterial cannulation. Recent work has suggested that standardised uptake value (SUV)-based methods may be sensitive to changes in translocator protein (TSPO) levels associated with neurodegeneration. However, the test-retest reliability of these approaches in AD over a time period relevant for clinical trials is unknown...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Joan Fledelius, Azza Khalil, Karin Hjorthaug, Jørgen Frøkiær
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine whether a qualitative approach or a semi-quantitative approach provides the most robust method for early response evaluation with 2'-deoxy-2'-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose (F-18-FDG) positron emission tomography combined with whole body computed tomography (PET/CT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study eight Nuclear Medicine consultants analyzed F-18-FDG PET/CT scans from 35 patients with locally advanced NSCLC. Scans were performed at baseline and after 2 cycles of chemotherapy...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Andreas Poschenrieder, Margret Schottelius, Markus Schwaiger, Hans-Jürgen Wester
BACKGROUND: Due to its overexpression in a variety of tumor types, the chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) represents a highly relevant diagnostic and therapeutic target in nuclear oncology. Recently, [(68)Ga]pentixafor has emerged as an excellent imaging agent for positron emission tomography (PET) of CXCR4 expression in vivo. In this study, the corresponding [(68)Ga]-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-triacetic acid (NOTA) analog was preclinically evaluated and compared to the 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) parent compound [(68)Ga]pentixafor...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Robert A deKemp, Ran Klein, Rob S B Beanlands
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Mary Germino, Jim Ropchan, Tim Mulnix, Kathryn Fontaine, Nabeel Nabulsi, Eric Ackah, Herman Feringa, Albert J Sinusas, Chi Liu, Richard E Carson
BACKGROUND: We quantified myocardial blood flow with (82)Rb PET using parameters of the generalized Renkin-Crone model estimated from (82)Rb and (15)O-water images reconstructed with time-of-flight and point spread function modeling. Previous estimates of rubidium extraction have used older-generation scanners without time-of-flight or point spread function modeling. We validated image-derived input functions with continuously collected arterial samples. METHODS: Nine healthy subjects were scanned at rest and under pharmacological stress on the Siemens Biograph mCT with (82)Rb and (15)O-water PET, undergoing arterial blood sampling with each scan...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Etsuko Imabayashi, Kota Yokoyama, Tadashi Tsukamoto, Daichi Sone, Kaoru Sumida, Yukio Kimura, Noriko Sato, Miho Murata, Hiroshi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: In addition to occipital hypoperfusion, preserved metabolism of the posterior cingulate gyri (PCG) relative to the precunei is known as the cingulate island sign (CIS) in the patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). CIS has been detected using [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography but not using brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The purpose of this study was to optimize brain perfusion SPECT to enable differentiation of DLB from Alzheimer's disease (AD) using CIS and occipital hypoperfusion...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Ya-Yao Huang, Cheng-Yi Cheng, Wen-Sheng Huang, Kuo-Hsing Ma, Ta-Wei Tseng, Ta-Kai Chou, Yiyun Huang, Chyng-Yann Shiue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Maarten Brom, Gerben M Franssen, Lieke Joosten, Martin Gotthardt, Otto C Boerman
BACKGROUND: Ga-labeled radiotracers are increasingly used for PET imaging. During the labeling procedure, formation of (68)Ga-colloid may occur. Upon i.v. injection, (68)Ga-colloid will accumulate rapidly in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow, resulting in reduced target-to-background ratios. In this study, we applied a thin layer chromatography (TLC) method to measure colloid content and we studied the effect of the purification method on the in vivo characteristics of (68)Ga-labeled DOTA-exendin-3...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Harun Ilhan, Hao Wang, Franz J Gildehaus, Carmen Wängler, Tanja Herrler, Andrei Todica, Julia Schlichtiger, Paul Cumming, Peter Bartenstein, Marcus Hacker, Alexander R Haug
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced nephropathy is still dose limiting in radionuclide therapy of neuroendocrine tumors. We investigated the nephroprotective potential of the angiotensine converting enzyme inhibiting drug enalpril after [177Lu]-DOTATATE therapy in a murine model of radiation-induced nephropathy by renal scintigraphy. At first, the appropriate therapy activity to induce nephropathy was identified. Baseline scintigraphy (n = 12) entailed 12-min dynamic acquisitions after injection of 25 MBq [99mTc]-MAG3, which was followed by radionuclide therapy at four escalating activities of [177Lu]-DOTATATE: group (Gp) 1: 10 MBq; Gp 2: 20 MBq; Gp 3: 40 MBq; Gp 4: 65 MBq...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Kathrin Heinzmann, Davina Jean Honess, David Yestin Lewis, Donna-Michelle Smith, Christopher Cawthorne, Heather Keen, Sandra Heskamp, Sonja Schelhaas, Timothy Howard Witney, Dmitry Soloviev, Kaye Janine Williams, Andreas Hans Jacobs, Eric Ofori Aboagye, John Richard Griffiths, Kevin Michael Brindle
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that 3'-deoxy-3'-[(18)F] fluorothymidine ([(18)F]FLT)) uptake depends on endogenous tumour thymidine concentration. The purpose of this study was to investigate tumour thymidine concentrations and whether they correlated with [(18)F]FLT uptake across a broad spectrum of murine cancer models. A modified liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was used to determine endogenous thymidine concentrations in plasma and tissues of tumour-bearing and non-tumour bearing mice and rats...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Juliana Maynard, Sally-Ann Emmas, Francois-Xavier Blé, Hervé Barjat, Emily Lawrie, Urs Hancox, Deborah Oakes, Urszula M Polanska, Simon T Barry
BACKGROUND: The phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) signalling pathway is frequently altered in human cancer and a promising therapeutic target. AZD8186 (AstraZeneca) is a PI3Kβ/δ inhibitor, currently in phase 1 clinical trials. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) is often used as a biomarker for inhibitors targeting the PI3K axis because of the association of this pathway with glucose metabolism. In this study, we assessed if (18)F-FDG PET could be used as a pharmacodynamic marker to monitor PI3Kβ inhibition by AZD8186, and hence have potential as a clinical biomarker of PI3Kβ pathway activation, and for patient selection...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Christina-Marina Breki, Antonia Dimitrakopoulou-Strauss, Jessica Hassel, Theoharis Theoharis, Christos Sachpekidis, Leyun Pan, Astero Provata
BACKGROUND: PET/CT with F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) images of patients suffering from metastatic melanoma have been analysed using fractal and multifractal analysis to assess the impact of monoclonal antibody ipilimumab treatment with respect to therapy outcome. RESULTS: Thirty-one cases of patients suffering from metastatic melanoma have been scanned before and after two and after four cycles of treatment. For each patient, we calculated the fractal and multifractal dimensions using the box-counting method on the digitalised PET/CT images of all three studies to assess the therapeutic outcome...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Michael Beck, James C Sanders, Philipp Ritt, Julia Reinfelder, Torsten Kuwert
BACKGROUND: The therapy response of osseous metastases (OM) is commonly monitored by bone scintigraphies (BS). The aim of this study was to compare visual evaluation of changes in tracer uptake with quantitation in absolute units in OMs; 52 OMs from 19 patients who underwent BS with SPECT/CT at time points one and two (TP1/2) were analyzed retrospectively, with an average of 10.3 months between TP1 and 2. Tracer uptake in lesions was visually compared by two independent readers in both planar scintigraphies and SPECT/CT across both TPs and classified as regressive, stable, or progressive...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Bo Tao, Haokao Gao, Minwen Zheng, Zhonghua Luo, Liwen Liu, Wei Bai, Jing Wang, Daliang Liu, Sai Ma, Zhenli Luo, Lei Gao, Yabin Wang, Feng Cao
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to establish a chronic myocardial infarction (MI) model in minipigs with a novel coronary sequential balloons-sponge embolism technique. METHODS: Eighteen healthy minipigs (25-30 kg) were randomly divided into three groups for left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion: conventional balloon occlusion group (BO group, temporary balloon occlusion for 60 mins), half-balloon embolism group (HB group), and sequential balloon-balloon-sponge embolism group (BBS group, two half-balloons with one sponge as the embolism clot)...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Qing Cheng, Helena Wållberg, Jonas Grafström, Li Lu, Jan-Olov Thorell, Maria Hägg Olofsson, Stig Linder, Katarina Johansson, Tetyana Tegnebratt, Elias S J Arnér, Sharon Stone-Elander, Hanna-Stina Martinsson Ahlzén, Stefan Ståhl
BACKGROUND: Though overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in several forms of cancer is considered to be an important prognostic biomarker related to poor prognosis, clear correlations between biomarker assays and patient management have been difficult to establish. Here, we utilize a targeting directly followed by a non-targeting tracer-based positron emission tomography (PET) method to examine some of the aspects of determining specific EGFR binding in tumors. METHODS: The EGFR-binding Affibody molecule ZEGFR:2377 and its size-matched non-binding control ZTaq:3638 were recombinantly fused with a C-terminal selenocysteine-containing Sel-tag (ZEGFR:2377-ST and ZTaq:3638-ST)...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Stephen R Bowen, Tobias R Chapman, Joshua Borgman, Robert S Miyaoka, Paul E Kinahan, Iris W Liou, George A Sandison, Hubert J Vesselle, Matthew J Nyflot, Smith Apisarnthanarax
BACKGROUND: Assessment of liver function is critical in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patient management. We evaluated parameters of [(99m)Tc] sulfur colloid (SC) SPECT/CT liver uptake for association with clinical measures of liver function and outcome in HCC patients. METHODS: Thirty patients with HCC and variable Child-Turcotte-Pugh scores (CTP A5-C10) underwent [(99m)Tc]SC SPECT/CT scans for radiotherapy planning. Gross tumor volume (GTV), anatomic liver volume (ALV), and spleen were contoured on CT...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Jacob Horsager, Kirstine Bak-Fredslund, Lars Peter Larsen, Gerda Elisabeth Villadsen, Trond Velde Bogsrud, Michael Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) with the liver-specific galactose tracer 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-galactose ((18)F-FDGal) may improve diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to test which of three different (18)F-FDGal PET protocols gives the highest tumour-to-background (T/B) ratio on PET images and thus better detection of HCC tumours. METHODS: Ten patients with a total of 15 hepatic HCC tumours were enrolled prior to treatment...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"