journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Obesity

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900680/guided-self-help-to-manage-binge-eating-in-a-dietetic-led-community-weight-management-service
#1
G D Traviss-Turner, U Philpot, J Wilton, K Green, S Heywood-Everett, A J Hill
An estimated 30% of patients accessing community weight management services experience symptoms of binge eating disorder (BED). Guided self-help (GSH) is the recommended first line of treatment for BED. This study is a preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of GSH delivered by dietitians for patients with binge eating within a weight management service and a consideration of the association between wellbeing, therapeutic relationship and outcomes. The study was conducted as a single group, pre- and post-intervention study with 24 patients reporting symptoms of binge eating who completed the self-help manual with guidance from a trained community dietitian...
June 14, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896938/consumption-of-artificial-sweetened-beverages-associated-with-adiposity-and-increasing-hba1c-in-hispanic-youth
#2
J N Davis, F M Asigbee, A K Markowitz, M J Landry, S Vandyousefi, E Khazaee, R Ghaddar, M I Goran
Research examining the impact of artificial sweetened beverages (ASBs) on obesity and metabolic diseases in adolescents is limited. The overall goal is to examine the longitudinal effects of ASBs on changes in adiposity and metabolic parameters in Hispanic adolescents. Longitudinal cohort with 98 Hispanics (12-18 years) who were overweight or had obesity with the following data at baseline and 1-year later: anthropometrics, diet (24-h recalls), body composition (DXA), glucose and insulin dynamics (oral glucose tolerance and frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test) and fasting lipids...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896935/role-of-exercise-training-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
J L Benham, J M Yamamoto, C M Friedenreich, D M Rabi, R J Sigal
Preliminary evidence suggests exercise in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may improve reproductive and cardiometabolic parameters. Our primary aim was to determine the impact of exercise training on reproductive health in women with PCOS. Our secondary aim was to determine the effect of exercise training on cardiometabolic indices. A systematic review of published literature was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE based on a pre-published protocol (PROSPERO CRD42017065324). The search was not limited by year...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896844/effects-of-6-months-supervised-physical-training-on-muscle-strength-and-aerobic-capacity-in-patients-undergoing-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
L H Mundbjerg, C R Stolberg, E-M Bladbjerg, P Funch-Jensen, C B Juhl, B Gram
Obesity and physical inactivity are major health problems. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery results in significant weight loss and reduces obesity-related morbidity and mortality. Physical activity lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. The aims of this study were to elucidate the effects of RYGB followed by 6 months of supervised physical training on physical capacity. In a randomized controlled trial, 60 participants eligible for RYGB were randomized 6 months post-surgery to either two weekly physical training sessions for 26 weeks (INT) or a control group (CON)...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892993/pre-pregnancy-weight-loss-in-women-with-obesity-requesting-removal-of-their-intra-uterine-contraceptive-device-in-order-to-conceive-a-pilot-study-of-full-meal-replacement
#5
L Brackenridge, N Finer, R L Batterham, K Pedram, T Ding, J Stephenson, J Barry, P Hardiman
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of thromboembolism, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, congenital anomaly, macrosomia and stillbirth. The current practice, directed at reducing gestational weight gain, is largely ineffective. The present pilot study was designed to assess the acceptability of a 24-week intensive weight management programme (IWMP; full meal replacement followed by partial meal replacement and weight stabilization) to achieve weight loss for women with obesity requesting removal of their intra-uterine contraceptive device in order to conceive...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852538/what-is-the-impact-of-professional-learning-on-physical-activity-interventions-among-preschool-children-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
M E Peden, A D Okely, M J Eady, R A Jones
The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate professional learning models (length, mode, content) offered as part of objectively measured physical childcare-based interventions. A systematic review of eight electronic databases was conducted to June 2017. Only English, peer-reviewed studies that evaluated childcare-based physical activity interventions, incorporated professional learning and reported objectively measured physical activity were included. Study designs included randomized controlled trails, cluster randomized trials, experimental or pilot studies...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852529/neuropathy-by-folic-acid-supplementation-in-a-patient-with-anaemia-and-an-untreated-cobalamin-deficiency-a-case-report
#7
H J M Smelt, S Pouwels, M Said, J F Smulders
The rising rates of bariatric surgery (BS) are accompanied by neurological complications related to nutrient deficiencies. One of the risk factors for neurological complications in BS patients is poor vitamin and mineral supplementation. Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of these disorders are necessary parts of lifelong care after BS. Particularly important for optimal functioning of the nervous system are vitamin B1 , B6 , B12 (cobalamin), E, copper and possibly vitamin B11 (folic acid). In this case report, we narrate about a patient with anaemia and multiple vitamin and mineral deficiencies after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with an alimentary limb of 150 cm and a biliopancreatic limb of 100 cm...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852523/access-to-a-scale-and-self-weighing-habits-among-public-housing-residents
#8
C T Bramante, J M Clark, K A Gudzune
Having access to a scale is essential for individuals to engage in self-weighing; however, few studies examine scale access, particularly among low-income individuals. Our objectives were to (i) determine how many public housing residents have access to a scale and (ii) describe their self-weighing habits. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of public housing residents in Baltimore, MD, from August 2014 to August 2015. Participants answered questions about their access to a scale ('yes'/'no') and daily self-weighing habits ('no scale/never or hardly ever' vs...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#9
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689647/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-adult-tier-2-lifestyle-weight-management-service-provision-across-a-county-in-northern-england
#10
L Ells, P Watson, S Carlebach, C O'Malley, D Jones, T Machaira, V Whittaker, H Clements, P Walker, K Needham, C Summerbell, V Coulton, V Araujo-Soares
Adult obesity in the UK remains a public health priority. Current guidance recommends local areas provide multicomponent interventions to treat adults with overweight and obesity; however, there is currently a dearth of published evidence on the evaluation of these programmes. This study reports on a mixed method evaluation of seven tier 2 weight management programmes funded by a local authority in the North of England through their public health grant (a lifestyle multicomponent weight management programme for the treatment of adults with overweight and obesity, but not severe obesity, or obesity with severe co-morbidities)...
June 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689646/beyond-lifestyle-interventions-exploring-the-potential-of-anti-obesity-medications-in-the-uk
#11
REVIEW
J P H Wilding
In the UK, over one-quarter of the adult population have obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg m-2 ). This has major implications for patients' health and the National Health Service. Despite published studies showing that significant weight loss can be achieved and maintained in primary care, and guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, weight management services are inconsistently implemented. This may be due primarily to workload and financial constraints. There is also a lack of belief that specialist weight management services and anti-obesity medications (AOMs) are a viable alternative to bariatric surgery for long-term maintenance of weight loss...
June 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683555/clinical-obesity-services-in-public-hospitals-in-australia-a-position-statement-based-on-expert-consensus
#12
E Atlantis, N Kormas, K Samaras, P Fahey, P Sumithran, S Glastras, G Wittert, K Fusco, R Bishay, T Markovic, L Ding, K Williams, I Caterson, V Chikani, P Dugdale, J Dixon
We aimed to describe the current state of specialist obesity services for adults with clinically severe obesity in public hospitals in Australia, and to analyse the gap in resources based on expert consensus. We conducted two surveys to collect information about current and required specialist obesity services and resources using open-ended questionnaires. Organizational level data were sought from clinician expert representatives of specialist obesity services across Australia in 2017. Fifteen of 16 representatives of current services in New South Wales (n = 8), Queensland (n = 1), Victoria (n = 2), South Australia (n = 3), and the Australian Capital Territory (n = 1) provided data...
June 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573175/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-versus-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity-a-meta-analysis
#13
D E Magouliotis, V S Tasiopoulou, G Tzovaras
We aim to review the available literature on morbidly obese patients treated with one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in order to compare the clinical outcomes of the two methods. A literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane library and Scopus, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria (7452 patients). OAGB was associated with shorter mean operative time. The length of hospital stay was comparable between the two procedures...
June 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504275/changes-in-glycaemic-control-blood-pressure-and-lipids-5-years-following-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-combined-with-medical-care-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-analysis
#14
P Mistry, V Currie, P Super, C W le Roux, A A Tahrani, R Singhal
The long-term outcomes of weight loss maintenance induced by laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) followed by multidisciplinary medical care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (beyond 3 years) are scarcely reported. Study aims were to determine the longer term metabolic outcomes following LAGB combined with medical care in patients with T2DM. This is a longitudinal analysis of 200 adults with T2DM who had LAGB between 2003 and 2008 and were followed up till 2013 at a single bariatric unit in a tertiary UK centre...
June 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493116/serum-igfbp-2-levels-are-associated-with-reduced-insulin-sensitivity-in-obese-children
#15
S W Yau, B E Harcourt, K-T Kao, E J Alexander, V C Russo, G A Werther, M A Sabin
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) may represent a critical link between body composition and insulin sensitivity. We investigated the relationship between circulating IGFBP-2 levels, body composition, insulin sensitivity, energy intake and physical activity in children with obesity. Children were recruited via the Weight Management Service at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, as part of the Childhood Overweight BioRepository of Australia (COBRA). Comprehensive anthropometric, biochemical and environmental data were collected and compared to serum IGFBP-2 levels (measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)...
June 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372593/lipoedema-in-patients-after-bariatric-surgery-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#16
S Pouwels, S Huisman, H J M Smelt, M Said, J F Smulders
Lipoedema is a disorder of adipose tissue that is characterized by abnormal subcutaneous fat deposition, leading to swelling and enlargement of the lower limbs as well as the trunk. This entity is often misdiagnosed as lymphoedema or obesity and, therefore, may be overlooked and missed in patients scheduled for bariatric surgery. Patients with lipoedema who undergo bariatric surgery may have to continue to have extensive lower extremity and trunk adiposity despite adequate weight loss. In this report, we present two patients who had extensive trunk and lower extremity adiposity, one of them before and the other after the bariatric surgery...
April 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356351/how-adolescents-decide-on-bariatric-surgery-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#17
J Doyle, S Colville, P Brown, D Christie
The National Institute of Clinical Excellence states that bariatric surgery may be considered for adolescents with severe obesity in 'exceptional circumstances'. However, it is not clear what is deemed to be exceptional, and there is a lack of long-term outcomes data or research, which would inform patient selection. This is an in-depth qualitative study involving five adolescents who had previously undergone bariatric surgery (between 1 and 3 years postoperatively) and four who were being assessed for the treatment...
April 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334695/complex-interplay-among-adiposity-insulin-resistance-and-bone-health
#18
REVIEW
C Ma, K T Tonks, J R Center, D Samocha-Bonet, J R Greenfield
Obesity and osteoporosis are common public health problems. Paradoxically, while obesity is associated with higher bone density, type 2 diabetic obese individuals have an increased fracture risk. Although obesity and insulin resistance co-exist, some obese individuals remain insulin-sensitive. We suggest that the apparent paradox relating obesity, bone density and fracture risk in type 2 diabetes may be at least partly influenced by differences in bone strength and quality between insulin-resistant and insulin-sensitive obese individuals...
April 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327430/knowledge-attitudes-representations-and-declared-practices-of-nurses-and-physicians-about-obesity-in-a-university-hospital-training-is-essential
#19
S Bucher Della Torre, D S Courvoisier, A Saldarriaga, X E Martin, N J Farpour-Lambert
In the context of a worldwide obesity epidemic, healthcare providers play a key role in obesity management. Knowledge of current guidelines and attitudes to prevent stigmatization are especially important. This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, perception of opportunity for intervention, declared practices and need for training and material of nurses and physicians about obesity in a Swiss University Hospital. A total of 834 physicians and nurses filled an online survey. The questionnaire was based on literature, exploratory interviews and expert committee review...
April 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271129/shorter-preschool-leukocyte-telomere-length-is-associated-with-obesity-at-age-9-in-latino-children
#20
T W Kjaer, D Faurholt-Jepsen, K M Mehta, V B Christensen, E Epel, J Lin, E Blackburn, J M Wojcicki
The aim of this study was to determine the potential role of leukocyte telomere length as a biomarker for development of childhood obesity in a low-income Latino population. A birth cohort of Latino children (N = 201) in San Francisco (recruited May 2006-May 2007) was followed until age 9 and assessed annually for obesity and dietary intake. Leukocyte telomere length was measured at 4 and 5 years (n = 102) and assessed as a predictor for obesity at age 9, adjusting for known risk factors. Furthermore, leukocyte telomere length at age 4 and 5 was evaluated as a possible mediator of the relationship between excessive sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and obesity at age 9...
April 2018: Clinical Obesity
journal
journal
43576
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"