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Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878548/arthroscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-shoulder-ochronotic-arthropathy-a-case-report
#1
Prateek Kumar Gupta, Ashis Acharya, Dhananjay Sabat, Amit Mourya
Alkaptonuria is a rare inherited metabolic disorder, caused by the deficiency of homogentisate 1,2 dioxygenase enzyme. The three major features of alkaptonuria are the presence of homogentisic acid in urine, ochronosis (bluish-black pigmentation in connective tissue) and arthritis of the spine and large joints. We present a 48 years old female presented with pain, restriction of movements of right shoulder. Arthroscopy was suggestive of ochronotic arthropathy. The definitive diagnosis of ochronosis was subsequently confirmed by laboratory and pathologic evaluation...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878547/bilateral-simultaneous-total-hip-replacement-in-achondroplasia
#2
Deepak Gautam, Rajesh Malhotra
We present a case of bilateral simultaneous total hip replacement in a very short statured (height 112 cm) 45 years old male patient with Achondroplasia and disabling osteoarthritis of both the hips. We describe the difficulties encountered and provide a methodical approach for such cases.
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878546/a-case-of-rapidly-destructive-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-with-onset-of-less-than-six-weeks
#3
Elina Huerfano, Maria Bautista, Guillermo Bonilla, Mauricio Palau-Lazaro, Adolfo Llinás, Daniel Monsalvo
INTRODUCTION: Rapidly destructive osteoarthritis is characterized by a severe destruction of the hip joint developing over short periods of time. However, to date, there is no agreement on the biological process that triggers this condition. The aim of this report is to present a case of rapidly destructive osteoarthritis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 76 year-old female who presented with hip pain of sudden onset and normal X-rays. Six weeks later she presented with increased pain intensity, functional limitation and evidence of a collapse of the femoral head in the X-rays...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878545/atraumatic-segmental-atypical-femur-fracture-secondary-to-bisphosphonate-use-a-case-report
#4
Andrew J Lovy, Diana Patterson, Laura Skeeles, Richard Ghillani, David Joseph, Yangguan Wu, Rohit Hasija
Atypical femur fractures as a result of long term bisphosphonate use are characterized by several unique radiographic features. We describe an atypical femur fracture treated by cephalomedullary nail with a previously undescribed segmental fracture pattern. Other than 1.5 years of bisphosphonate use the patient did not have any other risk factors known to cause atypical femur fractures. Judicious bisphosphonate use as well as increased awareness of the associated complications may help reduce the rate of bisphosphonate associated atypical femur fractures...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878544/proximal-humerus-fracture-dislocation-leading-to-axillary-artery-injury-in-an-young-adult-case-report-of-an-unusual-presentation
#5
Jeya Venkatesh Palanisamy, Aruljothi Vaithilingam, Arkesh M, Saubhik Das, Vivek Trikha
Proximal humerus fractures constitute five percent of all fracture cases. Though rare, severely comminuted proximal humerus fractures can cause injury to neurovascular structure. Majority of these injuries reported in literature were in elderly age group from low velocity injury owing to loss of elasticity of vessel wall. We report a case of proximal humerus fracture dislocation associated with axillary artery injury in a young male due to fall of heavy iron object. Timely exploration and removal of impinging bone fragment restored the blood supply...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878543/reproducible-transient-asystolic-arrest-during-intramedullary-reaming-of-the-femoral-canal-a-case-report
#6
Benjamin M Wooster, Brian T Nickel, Julie A Neumann, David R Lindsay, Samuel S Wellman
The utilization of intramedullary devices in the surgical fixation of hip fractures is increasing. Although intramedullary devices offer many advantages in the treatment of these injuries, they are also associated with a unique set of potential complications, particularly during preparation of the femoral canal. Cardiac dysrhythmia resulting from reaming the femoral canal is rare and has not been previously described in detail in the literature. We present the case of a 69-year-old male with an infected right cephalomedullary femoral nail who underwent removal of hardware and experienced reproducible, transient asystolic cardiac arrest during reaming of the femoral canal and offer potential explanations for this event...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878542/ewings-sarcoma-of-ilium-resection-and-reconstruction-with-femoral-head-allograft
#7
Yugal Karkhur, Lalit Maini, Anurag Tiwari, Tarun Verma
Ewing's sarcoma is a common malignant bone tumor seen in 5-15 years age group. It often arises from diaphysis of long bones. Ewing's sarcoma arising from the ilium is very rare, and it has an unfavourable prognosis. We present a rare case report of Ewings sarcoma of ilium with no metastasis in a two and a half year old boy, who was treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical excision of the tumor and reconstruction using allograft from the femoral head fixed with multiple k-wires and screw. The patient is disease free at one year follow up and the allograft has taken the shape of growing ilium and excellent functionality and gait with minimal limp...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878541/an-unusual-localization-of-chondroblastoma-the-triradiate-cartilage-from-a-case-report-a-reconstructive-technique-proposal-with-imaging-evolution
#8
Carmine Zoccali, Francesco Arrigoni, Silvia Mariani, Federico Bruno, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi
INTRODUCTION: Chondroblastoma (also known as Codman tumor) is a rare intermediate grade cartilaginous neoplasm, representing less than 1% of all primary bone tumors; it characteristically arises in the epiphysis or apophysis of a long bone in young patients, predominantly males. The most frequent location of chondroblastoma is the humerus (70% incidence rate) and more rarely it is located in the pelvis. When it affects the hip, the triradiate cartilage is the most common site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An unusual case of Chondroblastoma located in the triradiate cartilage is reported...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878540/bare-medial-epicondyle-physeal-fracture-of-the-humerus-a-case-report
#9
Takashi Oda, Kenji Watanabe
We identified an unusual case of the medial epiondyle physeal fracture, which has been caused by a direct blow, accompanied with complete stripping of soft tissue. Surgery was performed for open reduction and internal fixation of the medial epicondyle and reattachment of the anterior oblique bundle of medial collateral ligament and flexor muscle origin. Six months after the surgery, strength of wrist flexion and forearm pronation, range of motion and valgus stability of the left elbow had recovered. One year after the injury, radiographs showed atrophy and sclerosis of the medial epicondylar apophysis...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878539/unusual-association-of-elbow-dislocation-with-humeral-biepicondylar-fracture-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Prabhat Agrawal, Saubhik Das, Vikas Gupta, Sumit Arora
Humeral biepicondylar fracture with elbow dislocation is an unusual pattern of injury encountered in paediatric population. We reported a case of humeral biepicondylar fracture-dislocation of elbow in a 11-year-old boy, who presented with tender, swollen, and deformed left elbow following fall on his outstretched hand. Roentgenographic and CT evaluation confirmed the diagnosis, and also showed incarcerated medial epicondylar fragment. Closed reduction was unsuccessful; open reduction and internal fixation was performed with headless screws...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878538/triceps-tendon-reconstruction-using-autologous-semitendinosis-graft-in-professional-kabaddi-player-a-rare-case-report
#11
Ravi K Gupta, Ashwani Soni, Anubhav Malhotra, Gladson David Masih
Triceps tendon rupture is a rare injury occurs due to sudden forceful contraction of triceps against flexed elbow. Though there are case reports describing various treatment options for this injury, including primary repair as well as reconstruction using different technique, no standardised technique has been defined. We present, for the first time, a case of five month old neglected triceps tendon rupture in a professional kabaddi player. Ruptured tendon was reconstructed using free autologous semitendinous graft with good functional outcome...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878537/arthroscopically-assisted-surgical-fixation-of-a-juvenile-tillaux-fracture-and-implant-removal-a-case-report
#12
Takahisa Ogawa, Sadanori Shimizu
Juvenile Tillaux fractures are Salter-Hallis III fractures of the distal tibial epiphysis that occur only when the tibial epiphyses are closing. Theoretically, arthroscopically assisted reduction and fixation of a juvenile Tillaux fracture can facilitate the accurate reconstruction of the articular surface, using arthroscopic visualization. We treated a girl aged 14 years who had a juvenile Tillaux fracture by using arthroscopically assisted reduction and fixation. In order to obtain articular congruency, the screw was inserted under arthroscopic visualization...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878536/osteochondral-autograft-transplants-for-femoral-head-impaction-fracture-a-case-report-with-arthroscopic-findings
#13
Gyu Min Kong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878535/atraumatic-sequential-bilateral-locking-of-the-knee-joints-secondary-to-dislocation-of-non-discoid-lateral-menisci-without-radiological-abnormality
#14
Zakir Haider, Mujahid Ali Syed, Deepak Saran
Lateral meniscus dislocation, as a cause of atraumatic knee locking, is often attributed to a discoid meniscus which can be readily diagnosed on MRI. In the absence of radiological abnormality, a dislocated lateral meniscus is a rare occurrence. We present a case of a 14 year old male who presented with atraumatic sequential locking of bilateral knees 6 months apart. Although on both occasions, MRI was normal, arthroscopy demonstrated dislocating lateral menisci that were subsequently surgically stabilised...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878534/endoscopic-management-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Jayant Kumar, Maninder S Singh, Suparna Tandon
Posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS) is a clinical condition characterized by pain in the posterior aspect of ankle on performing activities requiring extreme plantar flexion. The impinging lesion could be bony and/or soft tissue. The operative treatment aims at removing the impinging lesion either by open or endoscopic surgery. The later has been shown to have benefits of early return to sports, better cosmesis, less wound complications. We report a case of a 19 year old footballer with PAIS secondary to Os Trigonum...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878533/the-importance-of-pelvic-ring-stabilization-as-a-life-saving-measure-in-pre-hospital-a-case-report-commented-by-autopsy
#16
Carlos Durão, Magda Alves, André Barros, Frederico Pedrosa
Hip fractures with unstable pelvic ring have great morbidity and mortality rates. These fractures result from high energy trauma such as falls from heights, road accidents and collapsing structures or other similar mechanisms of action. We report the case of a 63 years old man, construction worker, who stood inside a ditch during a wall construction when he was surprised by this collapse, which resulted in direct trauma to the right thigh and pelvis. The autopsy revealed diaphysis fracture of the right femur with an open book pelvic fracture with severe hemorrhagic infiltration and hematoma of the pelvic muscles without arterial injury...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878532/bladder-incarceration-following-anterior-pelvic-infix-of-a-traumatic-pubic-symphysis-diastasis-treated-with-immediate-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#17
Mantu Jain, Saurav Narayan Nanda, Soumya Shrikanta Mohapatra, Barada Prasanna Samal
Stabilization after a pelvic fracture can be accomplished using multiple techniques. The anterior external fixator has been traditionally used in variety of unstable pelvis either singly or in combination of posterior screws. These devices are cumbersome and restrict side turning and sitting particularly in obese patients. An alternative, anterior subcutaneous pelvic internal fixation technique (ASPIF) was developed which is well tolerated by patients for mobility and comfort and biomechanically more stable construct Complications of this construct included irritation of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, femoral nerve palsy &heterotypic ossification with reduced rates of infections and aseptic loosening as compared to external fixator...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878531/neglected-acetabular-fracture-fix-or-replace
#18
Ismail Hadisoebroto Dilogo, Jephtah Furano Lumban Tobing
INTRODUCTION: Operative treatment of acute acetabular fractures has shown better results than the non-operative approach. There is, however, limited data regarding the operative treatment of neglected acetabular fracture. METHODS: We present six subjects with neglected fracture of the acetabulum in Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. One had only open reduction and internal fixation, three had open reduction and internal fixation first before we performed arthroplasty later, one had both open reduction and internal fixation with arthroplasty, and another had immediate arthroplasty...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878530/oldest-epiphyseal-osteochondroma-in-a-subadult-from-ancient-egypt
#19
Albert Isidro, Josep Maria Catalán, Carme Prat, Ferran Torner
Benign bone tumours are pathologies frequently encountered in archaeological human remains, with the most common being osteoma and osteochondroma. We present the case of a juvenile individual recovered from the Necropolis of Sharuna, Middle Egypt and dated to the end of Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt (circa 2150 BC), showing an osteochondroma arising from the proximal epiphysis of the right tibia which, in all likelihood, affected the patellar tendon in life. Osteochondromas are usually discovered during childhood and adolescence...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951652/letter-to-the-editor
#20
Jonathan Wright, Livio Di Mascio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
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