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Imaging Science in Dentistry

Young-Eun Kwon, Chang-Hyeon An, Karp-Shik Choi, Du-Hyeong Lee, Seo-Young An
In recent years, as interest in maintaining beauty and a youthful appearance has grown, filler procedures such as soft tissue augmentation have become more popular. These fillers are sometimes seen as radiopaque shadows on radiographic images, either due to the fillers themselves or because of secondary reactions; such findings may present a diagnostic challenge to dentists. The present report describes 3 cases of dermal fillers observed in panoramic and cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. All 3 elderly female patients had filler injected into their cheeks and chin area for cosmetic purposes decades ago...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Aniket B Jadhav, Sangeetha Gajendran Sarah, Robert Cederberg, Aditya Wagh, Sudarat Kiat-Amnuay
This report presents a case of cervical pneumatocysts as an incidental finding on cone-beam computed tomography. Pneumatocysts are gas-containing lesions of unknown etiology. They usually present in the ilium or sacrum, adjacent to the sacroiliac joint. In the literature, 21 case reports have described cervical pneumatocysts. Cervical pneumatocysts should be differentiated from other lesions, such as osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis, and neoplasms, as well as post-traumatic and post-surgical cases. Computed tomography, cone-beam computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are appropriate tools to diagnose cervical pneumatocysts...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Kyeong-Mee Park, Eunhye Choi, Eun-Jung Kwak, Seoyul Kim, Wonse Park, Jin-Sun Jeong, Kee-Deog Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between masseter muscle thickness, facial morphology, and mandibular morphology in Korean adults using ultrasonography. Materials and Methods: Ultrasonography was used to measure the masseter muscle thickness bilaterally of 40 adults (20 males, 20 females) and was performed in the relaxed and contracted states. Facial photos and panoramic radiography were used for morphological analyses and evaluated for correlations with masseter muscle thickness...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Melek Tassoker, Guldane Magat, Sevgi Sener
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and digital panoramic radiography (DPR) for the detection of pulp stones. Materials and Methods: DPR and CBCT images of 202 patients were randomly selected from the database of our department. All teeth were evaluated in sagittal, axial, and coronal sections in CBCT images. The systemic condition of patients, the presence of pulp stones, the location of the tooth, the group of teeth, and the presence and depth of caries and restorations were recorded...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Atcharee Bulyalert, Atiphan Pimkhaokham
Purpose: This study classified alveolar arch forms and evaluated differences in alveolar bone thickness among arch forms in the anterior esthetic region using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Materials and Methods: Axial views of 113 CBCT images were assessed at the level of 3 mm below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) of the right and left canines. The root center points of teeth in the anterior esthetic region were used as reference points. Arch forms were classified according to their transverse dimensions and the intercanine width-to-depth ratio...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Yun-Hoa Jung, Bong-Hae Cho, Jae Joon Hwang
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the location and the shape of the mandibular lingula in skeletal class I and III patients using panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography. Materials and Methods: The sample group included 190 skeletal class I patients and 157 class III patients. The location of the lingula in relation to the deepest point of the coronoid notch was classified into 3 types using panoramic radiographs. The shapes of the lingulae were classified into nodular, triangular, truncated, or assimilated types using cone-beam computed tomographic images...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Fernanda Paula Yamamoto-Silva, Claudeir Felipe de Oliveira Siqueira, Maria Alves Garcia Santos Silva, Rodrigo Borges Fonseca, Ananda Amaral Santos, Carlos Estrela, Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva
Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the influence of voxel size and the accuracy of 2 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) systems in the detection of vertical root fracture (VRF) in the presence of intracanal metallic posts. Materials and Methods: Thirty uniradicular extracted human teeth were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups (VRF group, n=15; and control group, n=15). The VRFs were induced by an Instron machine, and metallic posts were placed in both groups...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Roger Seiler, Patrick Eppenberger, Frank Rühli
Purpose: In the age of X-ray computed tomography (CT) and digital volume tomography (DVT), with their outstanding post-processing capabilities, indications for planar radiography for the study of the dentition of ancient Egyptian mummies may easily be overlooked. In this article, the advantages and limitations of different approaches and projections are discussed for planar oral and maxillofacial radiography using portable digital X-ray equipment during archaeological excavations. Furthermore, recommendations are provided regarding projections and sample positioning in this context...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Ichiro Ogura, Ken Nakahara, Yoshihiko Sasaki, Mikiko Sue, Takaaki Oda
Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of shear wave elastography in the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases. Materials and Methods: Ten patients with oral and maxillofacial diseases and 28 volunteers drawn from our student doctors were examined by shear wave elastography with a 14-MHz linear transducer using an Aplio 300 apparatus (Canon Medical Systems, Otawara, Japan). A statistical analysis of the shear elastic modulus (kPa) of healthy tissue (the sublingual gland, submandibular gland, anterior belly of the digastric muscle, and geniohyoid muscle) in the 28 volunteers was performed using 1-way repeated measures analysis of variance with the Tukey honest significant difference test...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Obai Zainedeen, Iyad Al Haffar, Nabil Kochaji, George Wassouf
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the reliability of ultrasonography (US) in comparison with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as a tool for monitoring the healing of jaw lesions. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one radiolucent lesions in jaws referred to the Oral Surgery Department at our institution were selected for this study. All lesions underwent CBCT and US examinations. The anteroposterior, superoinferior, and mesiodistal dimensions of the lesions were measured on CBCT and US images before surgery and at 6 months after surgery...
September 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Hak-Sun Kim, Wonae Lee, Jin-Woo Choi, Won-Jeong Han, Eun-Kyung Kim
Synovial chondromatosis is a rare metaplastic disease affecting the joints, including the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Since its symptoms are similar to those of temporomandibular disorders, a careful differential diagnosis is essential. A 50-year-old male patient was referred with the chief complaint of pain and radiopaque masses around the left TMJ on panoramic radiography. Clinically, pre-auricular swelling and resting pain was found, without limitation of mouth opening. On cone-beam computed tomographic images, multiple calcified nodules adjacent to the TMJ and bone proliferation with sclerosis at the articular fossa and eminence were found...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Damla Torul, Ezgi Yuceer, Mahmut Sumer, Seda Gun
Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus is considered rare in immunocompetent patients, but a considerable increase has recently been seen in the incidence of reported cases. Dental procedures involving the antral region are thought to predispose individuals to this form of aspergillosis. Because aspergilloma shares similar clinical features with other sinus pathologies, its diagnosis may be delayed. Thus, an early diagnosis confirmed by a histopathological examination plays a crucial role in the adequate management of aspergilloma...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Chang-Ki Min, Kwang-Joon Koh, Kyoung-A Kim
Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion of bone, in which normal bone is replaced by fibrous tissue, followed by calcification with osseous and cementum-like tissue. COD is classified into 3 categories according to its location: periapical, focal, and florid COD (FCOD). On radiography, FCOD appears radiolucent in its early stages. As it matures, radiopacities appear within the lesion, causing them to show a mixed appearance of radiolucency and radiopacity. Because FCOD is usually asymptomatic and grows in a self-limited manner, it does not require treatment...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Sang-Hoon Kang, Jung Hyun Chang
Radiopacity in the maxillary sinus can be observed in various conditions, such as in the presence of lesions in the maxillary sinus or as a sequela of maxillary sinus surgery. This report describes the case of a 57-year-old female patient who had no previous history of surgical treatment or traumatic injury of the nose or maxillary sinus. Both maxillary sinuses were indistinguishable on panoramic radiography and showed signs of radiopacity. Computed tomography images revealed that the maxillary sinuses were filled with bony tissue and exhibited signs of sinus mucosal thickening...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Leyla Berna Çağırankaya, Nursel Akkaya, Gökçen Akçiçek, Hatice Boyacıoğlu Doğru
Purpose: Detecting laryngeal cartilages (triticeous and thyroid cartilages) on panoramic radiographs is important because they may be confused with carotid artery calcifications in the bifurcation region, which are a risk factor for stroke. This study assessed the efficiency of panoramic radiography in the diagnosis of calcified laryngeal cartilages using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as the reference standard. Materials and Methods: A total of 312 regions (142 bilateral, 10 left, 18 right) in 170 patients (140 males, 30 females) were examined...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Song Hee Oh, Ju Hee Kang, Yu-Kyeong Seo, Sae Rom Lee, Hwa-Young Choi, Yong-Suk Choi, Eui-Hwan Hwang
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of linear measurements of 3-dimensional (3D) images generated by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and facial scanning systems, and to assess the effect of scanning parameters, such as CBCT exposure settings, on image quality. Materials and Methods: CBCT and facial scanning images of an anthropomorphic phantom showing 13 soft-tissue anatomical landmarks were used in the study. The distances between the anatomical landmarks on the phantom were measured to obtain a reference for evaluating the accuracy of the 3D facial soft-tissue images...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Lucía Barba, Ana Luisa Berrocal, Alejandro Hidalgo
Purpose: To analyze cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) use, indications, and exposure parameters in San José, Costa Rica. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed. All CBCT examinations over a period of 6 months at 2 radiological centers in San José, Costa Rica were evaluated. The examinations were performed with Veraview EPOC X550 and Veraviewepocs 3D R100 equipment. The patients' age and sex, clinical indication for CBCT, region of interest (ROI), repeat examinations, specialty of the referring dentist, field-of-view (FOV), tube voltage (kV), tube current (mA), and radiation dose (µGy) were evaluated...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Seo-Young An, Chang-Hyeon An, Karp-Sik Choi, Kyung-Hoe Huh, Won-Jin Yi, Min-Suk Heo, Sam-Sun Lee, Soon-Chul Choi
Purpose: This study evaluated the radiopacity of contemporary luting cements using conventional and digital radiography. Materials and Methods: Disc specimens (N=24, n=6 per group, ø7 mm×1 mm) were prepared using 4 resin-based luting cements (Duolink, Multilink N, Panavia F 2.0, and U-cem). The specimens were radiographed using films, a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor, and a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP) with a 10-step aluminum step wedge (1 mm incremental steps) and a 1-mm-thick tooth cut...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Luciano Andrei Francio, Fernanda Evangelista Silva, Claudia Scigliano Valerio, Claudia Assunção E Alves Cardoso, Wellington Corrêa Jansen, Flávio Ricardo Manzi
Purpose: The present study aimed to evaluate which of the following imaging methods best assessed misfit at the tooth-restoration interface: (1) bitewing radiographs, both conventional and digital, performed using a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP) and a charge-coupled device (CCD) system; (2) panoramic radiographs, both conventional and digital; and (3) cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: Forty healthy human molars with class I cavities were selected and divided into 4 groups according to the restoration that was applied: composite resin, composite resin with liner material to simulate misfit, dental amalgam, and dental amalgam with liner material to simulate misfit...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Isabela Goulart Gil Choi, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez Cortes, Emiko Saito Arita, Marco Antonio Paupério Georgetti
Purpose: This study aimed to carry out a systematic review of studies in the literature comparing conventional imaging techniques with cone-beam computed tomography in terms of the role of these techniques for assessing any of the following periodontal conditions and parameters: infrabony defects, furcation involvement, height of the alveolar bone crest, and the periodontal ligament space. Materials and Methods: Interventional and observational studies comparing conventional imaging techniques with cone-beam computed tomography were considered eligible for inclusion...
June 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
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