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European Journal of Psychotraumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959384/associations-between-societal-disapproval-and-changes-in-symptoms-of-ptsd-and-appetitive-aggression-following-treatment-among-high-risk-south-african-males
#1
Jessica Sommer, Martina Hinsberger, Leon Holtzhausen, Debra Kaminer, Soraya Seedat, Thomas Elbert, Mareike Augsburger, Andreas Maercker, Roland Weierstall
Background: In violent communities, social rejection as a person with victim-offender attributes is associated with more intense symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a higher propensity towards violence, i.e. appetitive aggression. Successful community reintegration encompassing adequate social acknowledgment of individuals with both a history of violence exposure and perpetration may be necessary to enhance the treatment effects of interventions addressing PTSD and aggression. Objective: In this study, the effects of treatment and post-treatment traumatic events, violent offenses, and social acknowledgment (with sub-dimensions of general disapproval, family disapproval, and recognition as a person with both a history of violence exposure and commission) on changes in PTSD symptom severity and appetitive aggression from baseline to 8-month follow-up were investigated...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959383/a-new-short-version-of-the-posttraumatic-diagnostic-scale-validity-among-japanese-adults-with-and-without-ptsd
#2
Mariko Itoh, Yuri Ujiie, Nobukazu Nagae, Madoka Niwa, Toshiko Kamo, Mingming Lin, Sayuri Hirohata, Yoshiharu Kim
Background: Identifying high-risk groups for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) during evacuation situations requires a valid short screening tool. The re-experiencing symptoms of PTSD are considered helpful for distinguishing those with PTSD from those without, as they are thought to be specific to PTSD, have less ambiguity for respondents, and are representative of all PTSD symptoms. Objective: To develop a new short version of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) comprising only re-experiencing symptom items...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804594/does-trauma-event-type-matter-in-the-assessment-of-traumatic-load
#3
Daniela Conrad, Sarah Wilker, Anett Pfeiffer, Birke Lingenfelder, Tracie Ebalu, Hartmut Lanzinger, Thomas Elbert, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Stephan Kolassa
Background: The likelihood of developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) depends on the interaction of individual risk factors and cumulative traumatic experiences. Hence, the identification of individual susceptibility factors warrants precise quantification of trauma exposure. Previous research indicated that some traumatic events may have more severe influences on mental health than others; thus, the assessment of traumatic load may be improved by weighting event list items rather than calculating the simple sum score...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680542/six-year-follow-up-of-the-treatment-of-patients-with-dissociative-disorders-study
#4
Amie C Myrick, Aliya R Webermann, Richard J Loewenstein, Ruth Lanius, Frank W Putnam, Bethany L Brand
Objective: Literature on the treatment of dissociative disorders (DDs) suggests that these individuals require long-term and specialized treatment to achieve stabilization and functionality. There is considerable empirical support for specialized phasic, dissociation-focused treatment in reducing a myriad of psychological symptoms and self-harm in this population. However, until recently, there has been a paucity of longitudinal treatment research on DD patients. Method: In the present six-year follow-up study, 61 therapists who participated in the initial phase of the Treatment of Patients with Dissociative Disorders (TOP DD) study answered questionnaires about their study patient's stressors, quality of life, global functioning, victimization, and safety...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680541/understanding-the-cellular-and-molecular-alterations-in-ptsd-brains-the-necessity-of-post-mortem-brain-tissue
#5
EDITORIAL
Geertje M de Lange
The personal, social and economic burden of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is high and therapeutic approaches are only partially effective. Therefore, there is an urgent need to understand the cellular and molecular alterations in PTSD brains in order to design more effective treatment strategies. Although brain imaging strategies have considerably improved our understanding of PTSD, these strategies cannot identify molecular and cellular changes. Post-mortem examination of the brain is a crucial strategy to advance our understanding of the underlying neuropathology, neurochemistry and molecular pathways of PTSD...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680540/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-somatic-experiencing-for-chronic-low-back-pain-and-comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#6
Tonny Elmose Andersen, Yael Lahav, Hanne Ellegaard, Claus Manniche
Background: It is well documented that comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in chronic pain is associated with a more severe symptom profile with respect to pain, disability and psychological distress. However, very few intervention studies exist targeting both PTSD and pain. The current study is the first randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of the body-oriented trauma approach of Somatic Experiencing (SE) for comorbid PTSD and low back pain. Although the method is well recognized by clinicians and widely used, SE still needs to be tested in a randomized clinical trial in comparison with an active control group...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649302/differential-predictors-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-african-american-women
#7
Abigail Powers, Negar Fani, Sierra Carter, Dorthie Cross, Marylene Cloitre, Bekh Bradley
Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11 as a diagnosis distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reflecting deficits in affective, self-concept, and relational domains. There remains significant controversy over whether CPTSD provides useful diagnostic information beyond PTSD and other comorbid conditions, such as depression or substance use disorders. Objective: The present study examined differences in psychiatric presentation for three groups: traumatized controls, DSM-5 PTSD subjects, and ICD-11 CPTSD subjects...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649301/assessment-of-depression-in-veterans-across-missions-a-validity-study-using-rasch-measurement-models
#8
Karen-Inge Karstoft, Anni B S Nielsen, Tine Nielsen
Background: Depression is a common psychopathological outcome following military deployment. Previous studies have reported differing rates of post-deployment depression, indicating that the toll of war differs across missions. However, it is unclear to what degree the varying prevalence is due methodological differences. Studies comparing rates of depression across cohorts using the same methodology and ensuring measurement invariance are rare, leaving us with limited knowledge on the actual depression prevalence variance across missions...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649300/negative-body-experience-in-women-with-early-childhood-trauma-associations-with-trauma-severity-and-dissociation
#9
Mia Scheffers, Maike Hoek, Ruud J Bosscher, Marijtje A J van Duijn, Robert A Schoevers, Jooske T van Busschbach
Background: A crucial but often overlooked impact of early life exposure to trauma is its far-reaching effect on a person's relationship with their body. Several domains of body experience may be negatively influenced or damaged as a result of early childhood trauma. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate disturbances in three domains of body experience: body attitude, body satisfaction, and body awareness. Furthermore, associations between domains of body experience and severity of trauma symptoms as well as frequency of dissociation were evaluated...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649299/the-neurobiology-of-ptsd
#10
EDITORIAL
Ruth Lanius, Miranda Olff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649298/neuroimaging-the-traumatized-self-fmri-reveals-altered-response-in-cortical-midline-structures-and-occipital-cortex-during-visual-and-verbal-self-and-other-referential-processing-in-women-with-ptsd
#11
Paul Frewen, Elizabeth Thornley, Daniela Rabellino, Ruth Lanius
Background: Changes to the diagnostic criteria for PTSD in DSM-5 reflect an increased emphasis on negative cognition referring to self and other, including self-blame, and related pervasive negative affective states including for self-conscious emotions such as guilt and shame. Objective: Investigate the neural correlates of valenced self-referential processing (SRP) and other-referential processing (ORP) in persons with PTSD. Method: We compared response to the Visual-Verbal Self-Other Referential Processing Task in an fMRI study of women with (n = 20) versus without (n = 24) PTSD primarily relating to childhood and interpersonal trauma histories using statistical parametric mapping and group independent component analysis...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649297/a-scoping-review-of-intimate-partner-violence-assistance-programmes-within-health-care-settings
#12
Sheila Sprague, Taryn Scott, Alisha Garibaldi, Sofia Bzovsky, Gerard P Slobogean, Paula McKay, Hayley Spurr, Erika Arseneau, Muzammil Memon, Mohit Bhandari, Aparna Swaminathan
Background: The lifetime prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) for women presenting to health care settings is estimated to be 38-59%. With the goal of providing help to victims of abuse, numerous IPV assistance programmes have been developed and evaluated across multiple health care settings. Objective: Our scoping review provides an overview of this literature to identify key areas for potential evidence-based recommendations and to focus research priorities. Methods: We conducted a search of MEDLINE, Embase, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and psycINFO...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451076/dsm-5-and-icd-11-as-competing-models-of-ptsd-in-preadolescent-children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-assessing-validity-and-co-occurring-symptomatology
#13
Annette M La Greca, BreAnne A Danzi, Sherilynn F Chan
Background: Major revisions have been made to the DSM and ICD models of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is not known whether these models fit children's post-trauma responses, even though children are a vulnerable population following disasters. Objective: Using data from Hurricane Ike, we examined how well trauma-exposed children's symptoms fit the DSM-IV, DSM-5 and ICD-11 models, and whether the models varied by gender. We also evaluated whether elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety characterized children meeting PTSD criteria based on DSM-5 and ICD-11...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451075/ever-at-the-ready-for-events-that-never-happen
#14
Jos F Brosschot
Stress, whether daily stress, work stress or traumatic stress, is unhealthy. This lecture covers three recent theoretical approaches in explaining the mechanisms underlying the influence of psychological stress on somatic health. It is argued that stress research should focus less on stressors themselves and put more emphasis on prolonged stress responses. Three mechanisms are identified that cause this unhealthy prolonged stress response: first, the partly-proven mechanism of perseverative cognition; second, the mechanism of unconscious stress, which is currently being explored; and third, the notion of the stress response being a default response that is inhibited only when safety is perceived...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451074/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#15
Angela Nickerson, Marylene Cloitre, Richard A Bryant, Ulrich Schnyder, Naser Morina, Matthis Schick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451073/response-to-the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#16
Ad de Jongh, Iva A E Bicanic, Rafaele J C Huntjens, Henk A L Kiers, Mark van der Gaag, Arjen J van Wijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451072/screening-for-birth-related-ptsd-psychometric-properties-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-posttraumatic-diagnostic-scale-in-postpartum-women-in-turkey
#17
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
Background: Evidence suggests that 4% of women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth, with a potentially negative impact on women and families. Detection of postpartum PTSD is essential but few measures have been validated in this population. Objective: This study aimed to examine psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) to screen for birth-related PTSD among postpartum women and identify factorial structure of PTSD after birth. Method: PDS was administered to 829 postpartum women recruited from three maternity hospitals in Turkey...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451071/understanding-the-role-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-as-a-cause-and-consequence-of-substance-abuse-the-german-cansas-network
#18
Ingo Schäfer, Silke Pawils, Martin Driessen, Martin Härter, Thomas Hillemacher, Michael Klein, Markus Muehlhan, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Martin Schäfer, Norbert Scherbaum, Barbara Schneider, Rainer Thomasius, Klaus Wiedemann, Karl Wegscheider, Sven Barnow
Background: Substance use disorders (SUD) belong to the most frequent behavioural consequences of childhood abuse and neglect (CAN). If parents are concerned, SUD are also an important risk factor for CAN. The relationship between CAN and SUD remains poorly understood. There is a need of adequate treatments for SUD patients suffering from the consequences of CAN, as well as for approaches to prevent CAN by parents with SUD. Objective: To describe the aims and the structure of a German research network on relationships between CAN and SUD (CANSAS network)...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451070/like-a-bridge-over-troubled-water-a-longitudinal-study-of-general-social-support-colleague-support-and-leader-support-as-recovery-factors-after-a-traumatic-event
#19
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
Background: Whereas the association between social support and psychological distress has been well-established through both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, less is known about whether social support influences rate of change in psychological distress over time. Nor is it clear whether social support predicts baseline psychological distress, or, more importantly, whether social support may contribute to more rapid recovery following trauma exposure. Objective: This study aimed to determine the extent to which social support contributed to the recovery process among individuals with psychological distress after being exposed to trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451069/posttraumatic-growth-and-depreciation-six-years-after-the-2004-tsunami
#20
Hans Michélsen, Charlotte Therup-Svedenlöf, Magnus Backheden, Abbe Schulman
Background: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) has been reported after various types of potentially traumatic events, as a part of the personal recovery process among survivors. Even negative changes in survivors' life view, known as posttraumatic depreciation (PTD), have been identified as an additional aspect in the personal recovery processes. Objective: To examine how the type of exposure experienced by survivors of a natural disaster, the 2004 Southeast Asia tsunami, influenced self-reported PTG and PTD six years later (T2)...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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