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European Journal of Psychotraumatology

Pauline Slade, Kayleigh Sheen, Sarah Collinge, Jenny Butters, Helen Spiby
Background: Midwives can experience events they perceive as traumatic when providingcare. As a result, some will develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with adverse implications for their mental health, the quality of care provided for women and the employing organizations. POPPY (Programme for the prevention of PTSD in midwifery) is a package of educational and supportive resources comprising an educational workshop, information leaflet, peer support and access to trauma-focused clinical psychology intervention...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Marilyne Forest, Isabelle Blanchette
Previous studies have shown that trauma-exposed individuals, including survivors of sexual abuse, show inferior performance in episodic memory tasks compared to non-exposed controls. This, however, has mainly been tested using neutral content. Our goal in this study was to determine whether this relative impairment in episodic memory extends to generally emotional and trauma-related content. Twenty-seven sexual abuse survivors and 27 control women participated in the study. They listened to stories with three content types (neutral, generally emotional and trauma-related) and performed a free-recall task immediately and 30 minutes later...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Lisa Hancock, Richard A Bryant
Despite much evidence concerning the importance of control over stressors in animal models of adaptation to stress, there is a dearth of experimental evidence for the role of controllability in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study investigated whether perceived control over aversive stimuli influenced subsequent avoidance in a female community sample with and without PTSD symptomatology. Female participants ( N  = 145) with high or low PTSD symptoms were randomized to receive instructions indicating either controllable or uncontrollable offset of aversive, positive, and neutral images; despite this perception, the actual duration of presentations was standardized in both conditions...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Emmy A E van Houtert, Nienke Endenburg, Joris J Wijnker, Bas Rodenburg, Eric Vermetten
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2018.1503523.].
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Sarah Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
Background : Best practice guidelines recommend traumatic events should be assessed in psychosis to support the identification and, when indicated, treatment of post-traumatic stress reactions. However, routine assessment in frontline services is rare, and available tools are not tailored to psychosis. Assessment obstacles include lengthy measures, a focus on single, physically threatening events, and the exclusion of psychosis-related traumas. Objective : To develop and validate a brief trauma screening tool for the identification of clinically significant traumas in people with psychosis...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Maria Böttche, Thomas Ehring, Antje Krüger-Gottschalk, Heinrich Rau, Ingo Schäfer, Julia Schellong, Anne Dyer, Christine Knaevelsrud
Background : The proposed ICD-11 criteria for trauma-related disorders define posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD) as separate disorders. Results of previous studies support the validity of this concept. However, due to limitations of existing studies (e.g. homogeneity of the samples), the present study aimed to test the construct validity and factor structure of cPTSD and its distinction from PTSD using a heterogeneous trauma-exposed sample. Method : Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were conducted to explore the factor structure of the proposed ICD-11 cPTSD diagnosis in a sample of 341 trauma-exposed adults ( n  = 191 female, M  = 37...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Yi-Jen Su
Background : Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms are relatively common in burn survivors. Several previously reported risk factors (e.g. burn severity) have not consistently predicted psychological adjustment post-burn. Empirically-derived risk factors of PTSD from the meta-analysis and theory-derived cognitive variables may be of great predictive value. Objective : This study investigated the prevalence of probable DSM-5 PTSD and major depression (MDD) and the predictors of PTSD and depressive symptoms in burn survivors of the 2015 Formosa Fun Coast Water Park explosion...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Maarten C Eisma, Lonneke I M Lenferink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Marian Rikkert, Yanda van Rood, Carlijn de Roos, Julia Ratter, Marcel van den Hout
Background: While normal tinnitus is a short-term sensation of limited duration, in 10-15% of the general population it develops into a chronic condition. For 3-6% it seriously interferes with many aspects of life. Objective: The aim of this trial was to assess effectiveness of a trauma-focused approach, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), in reducing tinnitus distress. Methods: The sample consisted of 35 adults with high levels of chronic tinnitus distress from five general hospitals in the Netherlands...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Hildur G Ásgeirsdóttir, Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir, Þórdís K Þorsteinsdóttir, Sigrún H Lund, Gunnar Tomasson, Ullakarin Nyberg, Tinna L Ásgeirsdóttir, Arna Hauksdóttir
Background : Traumatic life events have been associated with increased risk of various psychiatric disorders, even suicidality. Our aim was to investigate the association between different traumatic life events and suicidality, by type of event and gender. Methods: Women attending a cancer screening programme in Iceland ( n  = 689) and a random sample of men from the general population ( n  = 709) were invited to participate. In a web-based questionnaire, life events were assessed with the Life Stressor Checklist - Revised, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criterion was used to identify traumatic life events...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Vera Clemens, Markus Huber-Lang, Paul L Plener, Elmar Brähler, Rebecca C Brown, Jörg M Fegert
Background : Child maltreatment is a major public problem, associated with enormous consequences on the individual and socioeconomic level. Studies show a clear impact of child maltreatment on long-term physical health. However, there is a lack of analyses comprising a wide variety of subtypes of maltreatment and addressing cumulative effects of different maltreatment subtypes experienced during childhood on physical health. Objective : The objective of this analysis was to assess the association of different subtypes and the intensity of child maltreatment with long-term physical health outcomes...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Esther M van Duin, Eva Verlinden, Thekla F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, Julia Diehle, Arnoud P Verhoeff, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Ramón J L Lindauer
Background : Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a worldwide problem affecting children of all ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. A knowledge gap exists regarding the psychological outcomes for children, boys in particular, who are abused during their early lives. Objective : To provide a descriptive psychological profile of children who experienced sexual abuse as infants or toddlers from a male daycare worker and babysitter, and to assess the psychopathological impact on their parents. Method : Parents of children involved in the Amsterdam Sexual Abuse Case (41 parents; 44 children, age range 3-11 years, 30 boys, 14 girls) completed measures on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), dissociation, sexual and non-sexual behaviour problems, and attachment insecurity in their children, as well as on parental psychological well-being, 3 years after disclosure...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Kirsten V Smith, Graham R Thew, Belinda Graham
Background : Bereavement can be considered a potentially traumatic experience, and concerns have been raised about conducting grief research responsibly online. Objective : Given that online research introduces new methodological opportunities and challenges, we aimed to develop a greater understanding of how bereaved individuals experience participation in online research. Method : One day after participation in an online grief study, 876 participants, bereaved on average for 40 months, received a 'check-in' email to support well-being and offer further contact if needed...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Amy Waugh, Gundi Kiemle, Pauline Slade
Background : The death of a child of any age can be traumatic and can leave bereaved parents experiencing negative psychological outcomes. Recent research has shown the potential utility for understanding more about the development of post-traumatic growth following bereavement. Objective : This paper sought to identify the aspects of post-traumatic growth experienced by bereaved parents and the factors that may be involved in facilitating or preventing post-traumatic growth. Methods : A systematic search of peer-reviewed articles with a primary focus on positive personal growth in bereaved parents was conducted...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Atle Dyregrov, William Yule, Miranda Olff
The number of children affected by natural disasters each year is alarmingly high and can be expected to rise as climate change continues. The mental consequences have been documented not only in the rates of post-traumatic stress symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorder, but also for depression and other mental health problems. To contribute towards the knowledge in this area, this special issue of the European Journal of Psychotraumatology focuses on how children can be prepared for natural disasters and the mental health aspects of such events...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Reginald Deschepper, Stefaan Six, Yori Gidron, Anne-Marie Depoorter, Marie Vandekerckhove, Nancy Gheysens, Roel Van Overmeire, Johan Bilsen
Background : The wave of terrorist attacks over the past years in Europe and other regions may cause problems such as anxiety and depressive symptoms. Some studies suggest that perceived threat might also trigger physical health problems. Objective : To investigate the association between feeling threatened and subjective health during the week following a terrorist attack. Method : Online survey with a self-selected sample in the Belgian population one week after the terrorist attacks in 2016. Participants were invited through the Belgian media to fill in a questionnaire in Dutch, French or English on a website...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Matthew Price, Katherine Van Stolk-Cooke, Alison C Legrand, Zoe M F Brier, Hannah L Ward, Julie P Connor, Jennifer Gratton, Kalev Freeman, Christian Skalka
Background : PTSD is posited to develop in the acute posttrauma period. Few studies have examined psychopathology symptoms within this period due to the demands on individuals in the first month after a trauma. Mobile devices can overcome these barriers. The feasibility of using mobile devices for this purpose, however, is unclear. Objective : The present study evaluated the acceptability of administering PTSD symptom assessments via a mobile application throughout the acute posttrauma period. Method : Participants ( N  = 90) were recruited from a Level 1 Trauma Center within M  = 4...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Georgina Clifford, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Rebecca D Johnson, Caitlin Hitchcock, Tim Dalgleish
Individuals who experience repeated interpersonal trauma exposure often present with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with more complex features. There is currently no consensus regarding whether current evidence-based interventions for PTSD need to be tailored to better account for these complex features. However, one recommended adaptation is to adopt a phase-based or sequenced approach involving three phases, each with a distinct function. This paper describes the development of a 12-session Emotion- and Memory-Processing Group Programme, adapted from Cloitre's Skills Training in Affective and Interpersonal Regulation (STAIR) phase-based treatment protocol...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Agnes Van Minnen, Lotte Hendriks, Rianne De Kleine, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Marije Verhagen, Ad De Jongh
Background : Trauma-focused treatments (TFTs) for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly effective, yet underused by therapists. Objective : To describe a new way of implementing (adequate use of) TFTs, using a therapist rotation model in which one patient is treated by several therapists. Method : In this article, we will present two examples of working with therapist rotation teams in two treatment settings for TFT of PTSD patients. We explore the experiences with this model from both a therapist and a patient perspective...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Ingvild S Rasmussen, Kjersti Arefjord, Dagfinn Winje, Anders Dovran
Background: While previous research has found strong associations between childhood maltreatment trauma and substance use disorders (SUDs), the role of possible moderating effects of gender and mediating effects of psychopathology and SUD is unclear. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate differences in self-reported childhood maltreatment trauma, general psychological distress, and post-traumatic stress symptoms between 112 patients in treatment for substance use disorders (SUD group) and 112 matched controls with mild to moderate mental health disorders (comparison group)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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