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European Journal of Psychotraumatology

Manon A Boeschoten, Niels Van der Aa, Anne Bakker, F Jackie June Ter Heide, Marthe C Hoofwijk, Ruud A Jongedijk, Agnes Van Minnen, Bernet M Elzinga, Miranda Olff
Background : In 2013, the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale, the golden standard to assess PTSD, was adapted to the DSM-5 (CAPS-5). Objective : This project aimed to develop a clinically relevant Dutch translation of the CAPS-5 and to investigate its psychometric properties. Method : We conducted a stepped translation including Delphi rounds with a crowd of 44 Dutch psychotrauma experts and five senior psychotrauma experts. Using partial crowd-translations, two professional translations and the official Dutch translation of the DSM-5, each senior expert aggregated one independent translation...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Maya G Meentken, Ingrid M van Beynum, Elisabeth W C Aendekerk, Jeroen S Legerstee, Hanan El Marroun, Jan van der Ende, Ramón J L Lindauer, Manon H J Hillegers, Henriette A Moll, Wim A Helbing, Elisabeth M W J Utens
Background : Three in every 10 children and adolescents admitted to a hospital or undergoing medical treatment develop subthreshold symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When untreated, subthreshold PTSD can have a serious impact on psychosocial functioning, quality of life and long-term psychopathology. However, research investigating subthreshold PTSD and its treatment following paediatric medical interventions and/or hospitalization is scarce. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a fast and non-invasive psychosocial treatment for posttraumatic stress complaints...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Kristina Bondjers, Mimmie Willebrand, Filip K Arnberg
Background: Individuals express symptoms of posttraumatic stress in various ways, noted for example in the many symptom combinations in the diagnostic manuals. Studies aiming to examine differences of symptom presentations by extracting latent classes or profiles indicate both the presence of subtypes with differing symptomatology and subtypes distinguished by severity levels. Few studies have examined subtype associations with long-term outcomes. Objective: The current study aimed to apply latent profile analysis on posttraumatic stress (PTS) in a highly homogenous sample of Swedish tourists exposed to the 2004 Southeast Asia tsunami and to examine if classes differed in their long-term outcome...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Ningning Zhou, Wei Yu, Hui Huang, Guangyuan Shi, Haoxian Luo, Chao Song, Yilun Xing, Jianping Wang, Clare Killikelly
Background : Along with the implementation of the one-child policy in China, a special group of bereaved parents called 'shiduer' (), meaning parents bereaved by the loss of their only child, emerged. Although previous research has examined the physical and psychological health of this population, individual differences in physical and psychological outcomes are still not well understood. Objective : This study aimed to identify heterogenous subgroups of Chinese bereaved parents who lost their only child based on the physical and psychological health of this population as well as the predictive factors of each subgroup...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Harald Bækkelund, Paul Frewen, Ruth Lanius, Akiah Ottesen Berg, Espen Ajo Arnevik
Background : The four-dimensional ('4-D') model has been proposed as a theoretical framework to understand and delineate trauma-related dissociative experiences, categorizing symptoms into trauma-related altered states of consciousness (TRASC) and normal waking consciousness (NWC), which occur along four dimensions: time, thought, body and emotion. Objective : The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the validity of this model in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with and without comorbid dissociative disorders...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
L Røberg, L Nilsen, J I Røssberg
Background : Exposure to potentially traumatizing events, defined as events involving actual or threatened death or serious injury, is associated with an elevated risk of developing enduring physical, psychological and social problems. Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that can occur after prolonged and repeated trauma. At least 30% of the sexually abused population is male, but in spite of this fact, treatment research focusing on male victims is virtually non-existent in comparison to research on female victims...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Helene Flood Aakvaag, Ida Frugård Strøm, Siri Thoresen
Background : Sexual assault often occurs when victims are intoxicated. Rape myth research indicates that intoxicated assaults are sometimes seen as less severe or not as 'real' assaults; however, it is unclear if victims of intoxicated sexual assaults differ from victims of non-intoxicated assaults in terms of health and functioning. Objective : We investigated possible differences in mental health, social support and loneliness between intoxicated and non-intoxicated sexual assault victims. Methods : Participants were 1011 young adults (505 exposed to childhood violence and 506 non-exposed) selected from a community telephone survey (T1), and a follow-up survey 12-18 months later (T2)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Fabrizio Benedetti, Alessandro Piedimonte, Elisa Frisaldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
R Verhey, L Gibson, J Brakarsh, D Chibanda, S Seedat
Background : We investigated the prevalence of and factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and common mental disorders (CMDs), which include depression and anxiety disorders, in a setting with a prevalence of high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within a primary care clinic, using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the 14-item Shona Symptom Questionnaire, both locally validated screening tools. Methods : A cross-sectional survey was carried out with adult patients ( n  = 204) from the largest primary care clinic facility in Harare, Zimbabwe, in June 2016...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Amy Waugh, Gundi Kiemle, Pauline Slade
Background : The death of a neonatal baby has the potential for parents to experience many negative outcomes. Post traumatic growth describes positive personal change from the struggle with a traumatic event. This has not been explored in this context. Objective : This study sought to understand the experiences of mothers whose neonatal baby had died; in particular, whether mothers were able to experience any positive changes in their lives since the death of their baby. The study also sought to explore what factors may have facilitated or prevented these changes...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Pauline Slade, Kayleigh Sheen, Sarah Collinge, Jenny Butters, Helen Spiby
Background: Midwives can experience events they perceive as traumatic when providingcare. As a result, some will develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with adverse implications for their mental health, the quality of care provided for women and the employing organizations. POPPY (Programme for the prevention of PTSD in midwifery) is a package of educational and supportive resources comprising an educational workshop, information leaflet, peer support and access to trauma-focused clinical psychology intervention...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Marilyne Forest, Isabelle Blanchette
Previous studies have shown that trauma-exposed individuals, including survivors of sexual abuse, show inferior performance in episodic memory tasks compared to non-exposed controls. This, however, has mainly been tested using neutral content. Our goal in this study was to determine whether this relative impairment in episodic memory extends to generally emotional and trauma-related content. Twenty-seven sexual abuse survivors and 27 control women participated in the study. They listened to stories with three content types (neutral, generally emotional and trauma-related) and performed a free-recall task immediately and 30 minutes later...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Lisa Hancock, Richard A Bryant
Despite much evidence concerning the importance of control over stressors in animal models of adaptation to stress, there is a dearth of experimental evidence for the role of controllability in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study investigated whether perceived control over aversive stimuli influenced subsequent avoidance in a female community sample with and without PTSD symptomatology. Female participants ( N  = 145) with high or low PTSD symptoms were randomized to receive instructions indicating either controllable or uncontrollable offset of aversive, positive, and neutral images; despite this perception, the actual duration of presentations was standardized in both conditions...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Emmy A E van Houtert, Nienke Endenburg, Joris J Wijnker, Bas Rodenburg, Eric Vermetten
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2018.1503523.].
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Sarah Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
Background : Best practice guidelines recommend traumatic events should be assessed in psychosis to support the identification and, when indicated, treatment of post-traumatic stress reactions. However, routine assessment in frontline services is rare, and available tools are not tailored to psychosis. Assessment obstacles include lengthy measures, a focus on single, physically threatening events, and the exclusion of psychosis-related traumas. Objective : To develop and validate a brief trauma screening tool for the identification of clinically significant traumas in people with psychosis...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Maria Böttche, Thomas Ehring, Antje Krüger-Gottschalk, Heinrich Rau, Ingo Schäfer, Julia Schellong, Anne Dyer, Christine Knaevelsrud
Background : The proposed ICD-11 criteria for trauma-related disorders define posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD) as separate disorders. Results of previous studies support the validity of this concept. However, due to limitations of existing studies (e.g. homogeneity of the samples), the present study aimed to test the construct validity and factor structure of cPTSD and its distinction from PTSD using a heterogeneous trauma-exposed sample. Method : Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were conducted to explore the factor structure of the proposed ICD-11 cPTSD diagnosis in a sample of 341 trauma-exposed adults ( n  = 191 female, M  = 37...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Yi-Jen Su
Background : Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms are relatively common in burn survivors. Several previously reported risk factors (e.g. burn severity) have not consistently predicted psychological adjustment post-burn. Empirically-derived risk factors of PTSD from the meta-analysis and theory-derived cognitive variables may be of great predictive value. Objective : This study investigated the prevalence of probable DSM-5 PTSD and major depression (MDD) and the predictors of PTSD and depressive symptoms in burn survivors of the 2015 Formosa Fun Coast Water Park explosion...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Maarten C Eisma, Lonneke I M Lenferink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Marian Rikkert, Yanda van Rood, Carlijn de Roos, Julia Ratter, Marcel van den Hout
Background: While normal tinnitus is a short-term sensation of limited duration, in 10-15% of the general population it develops into a chronic condition. For 3-6% it seriously interferes with many aspects of life. Objective: The aim of this trial was to assess effectiveness of a trauma-focused approach, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), in reducing tinnitus distress. Methods: The sample consisted of 35 adults with high levels of chronic tinnitus distress from five general hospitals in the Netherlands...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Hildur G Ásgeirsdóttir, Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir, Þórdís K Þorsteinsdóttir, Sigrún H Lund, Gunnar Tomasson, Ullakarin Nyberg, Tinna L Ásgeirsdóttir, Arna Hauksdóttir
Background : Traumatic life events have been associated with increased risk of various psychiatric disorders, even suicidality. Our aim was to investigate the association between different traumatic life events and suicidality, by type of event and gender. Methods: Women attending a cancer screening programme in Iceland ( n  = 689) and a random sample of men from the general population ( n  = 709) were invited to participate. In a web-based questionnaire, life events were assessed with the Life Stressor Checklist - Revised, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criterion was used to identify traumatic life events...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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