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European Journal of Psychotraumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451076/dsm-5-and-icd-11-as-competing-models-of-ptsd-in-preadolescent-children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-assessing-validity-and-co-occurring-symptomatology
#1
Annette M La Greca, BreAnne A Danzi, Sherilynn F Chan
Background: Major revisions have been made to the DSM and ICD models of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is not known whether these models fit children's post-trauma responses, even though children are a vulnerable population following disasters. Objective: Using data from Hurricane Ike, we examined how well trauma-exposed children's symptoms fit the DSM-IV, DSM-5 and ICD-11 models, and whether the models varied by gender. We also evaluated whether elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety characterized children meeting PTSD criteria based on DSM-5 and ICD-11...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451075/ever-at-the-ready-for-events-that-never-happen
#2
Jos F Brosschot
Stress, whether daily stress, work stress or traumatic stress, is unhealthy. This lecture covers three recent theoretical approaches in explaining the mechanisms underlying the influence of psychological stress on somatic health. It is argued that stress research should focus less on stressors themselves and put more emphasis on prolonged stress responses. Three mechanisms are identified that cause this unhealthy prolonged stress response: first, the partly-proven mechanism of perseverative cognition; second, the mechanism of unconscious stress, which is currently being explored; and third, the notion of the stress response being a default response that is inhibited only when safety is perceived...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451074/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#3
Angela Nickerson, Marylene Cloitre, Richard A Bryant, Ulrich Schnyder, Naser Morina, Matthis Schick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451073/response-to-the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#4
Ad de Jongh, Iva A E Bicanic, Rafaele J C Huntjens, Henk A L Kiers, Mark van der Gaag, Arjen J van Wijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451072/screening-for-birth-related-ptsd-psychometric-properties-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-posttraumatic-diagnostic-scale-in-postpartum-women-in-turkey
#5
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
Background: Evidence suggests that 4% of women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth, with a potentially negative impact on women and families. Detection of postpartum PTSD is essential but few measures have been validated in this population. Objective: This study aimed to examine psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) to screen for birth-related PTSD among postpartum women and identify factorial structure of PTSD after birth. Method: PDS was administered to 829 postpartum women recruited from three maternity hospitals in Turkey...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451071/understanding-the-role-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-as-a-cause-and-consequence-of-substance-abuse-the-german-cansas-network
#6
Ingo Schäfer, Silke Pawils, Martin Driessen, Martin Härter, Thomas Hillemacher, Michael Klein, Markus Muehlhan, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Martin Schäfer, Norbert Scherbaum, Barbara Schneider, Rainer Thomasius, Klaus Wiedemann, Karl Wegscheider, Sven Barnow
Background: Substance use disorders (SUD) belong to the most frequent behavioural consequences of childhood abuse and neglect (CAN). If parents are concerned, SUD are also an important risk factor for CAN. The relationship between CAN and SUD remains poorly understood. There is a need of adequate treatments for SUD patients suffering from the consequences of CAN, as well as for approaches to prevent CAN by parents with SUD. Objective: To describe the aims and the structure of a German research network on relationships between CAN and SUD (CANSAS network)...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451070/like-a-bridge-over-troubled-water-a-longitudinal-study-of-general-social-support-colleague-support-and-leader-support-as-recovery-factors-after-a-traumatic-event
#7
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
Background: Whereas the association between social support and psychological distress has been well-established through both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, less is known about whether social support influences rate of change in psychological distress over time. Nor is it clear whether social support predicts baseline psychological distress, or, more importantly, whether social support may contribute to more rapid recovery following trauma exposure. Objective: This study aimed to determine the extent to which social support contributed to the recovery process among individuals with psychological distress after being exposed to trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451069/posttraumatic-growth-and-depreciation-six-years-after-the-2004-tsunami
#8
Hans Michélsen, Charlotte Therup-Svedenlöf, Magnus Backheden, Abbe Schulman
Background: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) has been reported after various types of potentially traumatic events, as a part of the personal recovery process among survivors. Even negative changes in survivors' life view, known as posttraumatic depreciation (PTD), have been identified as an additional aspect in the personal recovery processes. Objective: To examine how the type of exposure experienced by survivors of a natural disaster, the 2004 Southeast Asia tsunami, influenced self-reported PTG and PTD six years later (T2)...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451068/preventing-ptsd-with-oxytocin-effects-of-oxytocin-administration-on-fear-neurocircuitry-and-ptsd-symptom-development-in-recently-trauma-exposed-individuals
#9
Jessie L Frijling
Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder which develops in approximately 10% of trauma-exposed individuals. Currently, there are few early preventive interventions available for PTSD. Intranasal oxytocin administration early posttrauma may prevent PTSD symptom development, as oxytocin administration was previously found to beneficially impact neurobiological (e.g. amygdala reactivity) and socio-emotional PTSD vulnerability factors. Objective: The overall aim of this dissertation was to investigate the potential of intranasal oxytocin administration as early preventive intervention for PTSD...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451067/prolonged-grief-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-disaster-bereaved-individuals-latent-class-analysis
#10
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Jos de Keijser, Geert E Smid, A A A Manik J Djelantik, Paul A Boelen
Background: Hundreds of individuals lost one or more significant others in the MH17 plane crash in 2014 in Ukraine. The current study is the first to explore subgroups of disaster-bereaved individuals based on presence of psychopathology clusters. This may inform the development of diagnostic instruments and tailored interventions. Objective: Aims of the current study were to examine (1) subgroups based on presence of prolonged grief disorder (PGD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters and (2) associations between class membership, disaster-related variables (i...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348720/the-optimum-study-emdr-therapy-in-pregnant-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-previous-childbirth-and-pregnant-women-with-fear-of-childbirth-design-of-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
M A M Baas, C A I Stramrood, L M Dijksman, A de Jongh, M G van Pampus
Background: Approximately 3% of women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after giving birth, and 7.5% of pregnant women show a pathological fear of childbirth (FoC). FoC or childbirth-related PTSD during (a subsequent) pregnancy can lead to a request for an elective caesarean section as well as adverse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. For PTSD in general, and several subtypes of specific phobia, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy has been proven effective, but little is known about the effects of applying EMDR during pregnancy...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326164/ptsd-symptom-severity-relates-to-cognitive-and-psycho-social-dysfunctioning-a-study-with-congolese-refugees-in-uganda
#12
Herbert E Ainamani, Thomas Elbert, David K Olema, Tobias Hecker
Background: In the ongoing conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), civilians have been heavily exposed to traumatic stressors. Traumatizing experiences cumulatively heighten the risk for trauma-related disorders, and with it affect cognitive and psycho-social functioning. Objectives: We aimed at investigating the association between trauma-related disorders and cognitive and psycho-social functioning and hypothesized that PTSD symptom severity would negatively correlate with executive functioning, working memory and psycho-social functioning in everyday life...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326163/2016-a-year-of-records
#13
EDITORIAL
Miranda Olff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326162/trauma-informed-care-for-children-in-the-ambulance-international-survey-among-pre-hospital-providers
#14
Eva Alisic, Mark P Tyler, Melita J Giummarra, Rahim Kassam-Adams, Juul Gouweloos, Markus A Landolt, Nancy Kassam-Adams
Background: Pre-hospital providers, such as paramedics and emergency medical technicians, are in a position to provide key emotional support to injured children and their families. Objective: Our goal was to examine (a) pre-hospital providers' knowledge of traumatic stress in children, attitudes towards psychosocial aspects of care, and confidence in providing psychosocial care, (b) variations in knowledge, attitudes, and confidence according to demographic and professional characteristics, and (c) training preferences of pre-hospital providers regarding psychosocial care to support paediatric patients and their families...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326161/the-underlying-dimensions-of-dsm-5-ptsd-symptoms-and-their-relations-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-exposed-to-an-explosion-accident
#15
Haibo Yang, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Xing Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Jianxin Zhang, Jon D Elhai
Background: A large number of empirical studies pertaining to the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms have accumulated. However, there is still a lack of studies specific to youths. Objective: This study sought to investigate the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a sample of adolescents exposed to an explosion accident. Method: Participants were 836 students (407 females and 428 males). Self-reported measures including the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the anxiety and depression subscales of the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were administered to participants...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326160/the-neural-correlates-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-ability-to-understand-mental-states-of-others
#16
Charlotte C van Schie, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Kirsten Hauber, Albert Boon, Eveline A Crone, Bernet M Elzinga
Background: Emotional abuse and emotional neglect are related to impaired interpersonal functioning. One underlying mechanism could be a developmental delay in mentalizing, the ability to understand other people's thoughts and emotions. Objective: This study investigates the neural correlates of mentalizing and the specific relationship with emotional abuse and neglect whilst taking into account the level of sexual abuse, physical abuse and physical neglect. Method: The RMET was performed in an fMRI scanner by 46 adolescents (Age: M = 18...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989268/the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#17
Angela Nickerson, Marylene Cloitre, Richard A Bryant, Ulrich Schnyder, Naser Morina, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: The construct of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) has attracted much research attention in previous years, however it has not been systematically evaluated in individuals exposed to persecution and displacement. Given that CPTSD has been proposed as a diagnostic category in the ICD-11, it is important that it be examined in refugee groups. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we proposed to test, for the first time, the factor structure of CPTSD proposed for the ICD-11 in a sample of resettled treatment-seeking refugees...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974133/dimensional-structure-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-spanish-trauma-victims
#18
Carmen Soberón, María Crespo, María Del Mar Gómez-Gutiérrez, Violeta Fernández-Lansac, Cherie Armour
BACKGROUND: Confirmatory factor analytic studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Disorders (DSM-5) may be better explained by two 6-factor models (the Externalizing Behaviours model and the Anhedonia model) and a 7-factor Hybrid model. The latter model comprises the symptom clusters of intrusion, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behaviours, and anxious and dysphoric arousal...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906119/degrading-traumatic-memories-with-eye-movements-a-pilot-functional-mri-study-in-ptsd
#19
Kathleen Thomaes, Iris M Engelhard, Marit Sijbrandij, Danielle C Cath, Odile A Van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). During EMDR, the patient recalls traumatic memories while making eye movements (EMs). Making EMs during recall is associated with decreased vividness and emotionality of traumatic memories, but the underlying mechanism has been unclear. Recent studies support a "working-memory" (WM) theory, which states that the two tasks (recall and EMs) compete for limited capacity of WM resources...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900935/rumination-in-posttraumatic-stress-and-growth-after-a-natural-disaster-a-model-from-northern-chile-2014-earthquakes
#20
Francisco Leal-Soto, Marcos Carmona-Halty, Rodrigo Ferrer-Urbina
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences, such as natural disasters, produce multiple and serious impacts on people. Despite the traditional focus on negative consequences, in many cases there are also positive consequences, such as posttraumatic growth. Tedeschi and Calhoun proposed a model of posttraumatic growth that emphasizes the role of rumination after the basic beliefs breakdown due to the occurrence of a traumatic experience. METHOD: A total of 238 volunteers affected by two major earthquakes and tsunami alerts in northern Chile on April 1 and 2, 2014, responded to an online survey measuring subjective severity, basic beliefs change, social share of emotion, rumination, posttraumatic stress, and posttraumatic growth...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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