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Pharmacognosy Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333051/therapeutic-significance-of-loligo-vulgaris-lamarck-1798-ink-extract-a-biomedical-approach
#1
Sri Kumaran Nadarajah, Radha Vijayaraj, Jayaprakashvel Mani
Background: The squid ink extract is well known for its biomedical properties. Objective: In this study, squid Loligo vulgaris was collected from Tuticorin costal water, Bay of Bengal, India. Materials and Methods: Proximate composition of the crude squid ink was studied and found to have protein as the major component over lipid and carbohydrates. Further, bioactive fractions of squid ink were extracted with ethanol, and therapeutic applications such as hemolytic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and in vitro anti-inflammatory properties were analyzed using standard methods...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333050/improvement-of-insulin-secretion-and-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-treated-with-aloe-vera-extract
#2
Ayesha Noor, S Gunasekaran, M A Vijayalakshmi
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. Plant extracts and their products are being used as an alternative system of medicine for the treatment of diabetes. Aloe vera has been traditionally used to treat several diseases and it exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and wound-healing effects. Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced Wistar diabetic rats were used in this study to understand the potential protective effect of A. vera extract on the pancreatic islets...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333049/marine-derived-fungi-extracts-enhance-the-cytotoxic-activity-of-doxorubicin-in-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-cells-a459
#3
Bruno Castro-Carvalho, Alice A Ramos, Maria Prata-Sena, Fernanda Malhão, Márcia Moreira, Daniela Gargiulo, Tida Dethoup, Suradet Buttachon, Anake Kijjoa, Eduardo Rocha
Background: Drug resistance is a major concern in the current chemotherapeutic approaches and the combination with natural compounds may enhance the cytotoxic effects of the anticancer drugs. Therefore, this study evaluated the cytotoxicity of crude ethyl extracts of six marine-derived fungi - Neosartorya tsunodae KUFC 9213 (E1), Neosartorya laciniosa KUFC 7896 (E2), Neosartorya fischeri KUFC 6344 (E3), Aspergillus similanensis KUFA 0013 (E4), Neosartorya paulistensis KUFC 7894 (E5), and Talaromyces trachyspermum KUFC 0021 (E6) - when combined with doxorubicin (Dox), in seven human cancer cell lines...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333048/astaxanthin-ameliorates-hepatic-damage-and-oxidative-stress-in-carbon-tetrachloride-administered-rats
#4
Md Ariful Islam, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Faruk, Md Tauhid Ul Islam, Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Nazmul Alam, A F M Towheedur Rahman, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
Background: Astaxanthin is of carotenoids group which possess strong antioxidant properties. The present study was conducted to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of astaxanthin in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-treated rats. Materials and Methods: Female Long-Evans rats were administered with CCl4 orally (1 ml/kg) twice a week for 2 weeks and were treated with astaxanthin (10 mg/kg) every day for 2 weeks. Blood plasma samples were isolated from each group and were analyzed for alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase activities...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333047/assessment-of-nutritional-quality-and-global-antioxidant-response-of-banana-musa-sp-cv-nanjangud-rasa-bale-pseudostem-and-flower
#5
Ramith Ramu, Prithvi S Shirahatti, K R Anilakumar, Shivasharanappa Nayakavadi, Farhan Zameer, B L Dhananjaya, M N Nagendra Prasad
Background: The assessment of the nutritional composition and phytochemical screening of banana pseudostem (PB) and flower (FB) advocate this nonconventional food source for routine consumption, considering its various health benefits. Objectives: The aim is to assess the proximate nutrient composition, fatty acids, minerals, amino acid profile, and global antioxidant response (GAR) of PB and FB. Methods: Standard analytical procedures were used to determine the nutritional quality and GAR of PB and FB...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333046/development-and-validation-of-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-polyphenolic-compounds-in-medicinal-plants
#6
C V Jayachandran Nair, Sayeed Ahamad, Washim Khan, Varisha Anjum, Rajani Mathur
Context: Quantitative standardization of plant-based products is challenging albeit essential to maintain their quality. Aims: This study aims to develop and validate high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) method for the simultaneous determination of rutin (Ru), quercetin (Qu), and gallic acid (Ga) from Psidium guajava Linn. (PG) and Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa. (AM) and correlate with antioxidant activity. Materials and Methods: The stock solution (1 mg/mL) of standard Ru, Qu, and Ga in methanol: Water (1:1) was serially diluted and spotted (5 μL) on slica gel 60 F254 thin-layer chromatography plates...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333045/in-vitro-antiproliferative-effect-of-earthworm-coelomic-fluid-of-eudrilus-eugeniae-eisenia-foetida-and-perionyx-excavatus-on-squamous-cell-carcinoma-9-cell-line-a-pilot-study
#7
Dominic Augustine, Roopa S Rao, Jayaraman Anbu, K N Chidambara Murthy
Introduction: The earthworm coelomic fluid (ECF) has shown proven antiproliferative effect against breast, liver, gastrointestinal, and brain cancer, but it is least explored in oral cancer. The present in vitro study is an attempt to investigate the antiproliferative activity of ECF on oral cancer cell line squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)-9. Materials and Methods: ECF was collected from the species Eudrilus eugeniae (EE), Eisenia foetida (EF), and Perionyx excavatus (PE) stored at -80°C...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333044/antiplasmodial-activity-of-isolated-polyphenols-from-alectryon-serratus-leaves-against-3d7-plasmodium-falciparum
#8
Uswatun Khasanah, Aty WidyaWaruyanti, Achmad Fuad Hafid, Mulyadi Tanjung
Background: Alectryon serratus was selected from a screening program devoted to search naturally occurring antimalarial compound from plants in Alas Purwo National Park, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia. The previous studies showed that ethanol extract of A. serratus leaves contains some polyphenol compounds. Objective: This study was designed to isolate and investigate antiplasmodial activity of polyphenol compounds. Material and Methods: The ethanol extract of A...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333043/picroside-i-and-picroside-ii-from-tissue-cultures-of-picrorhiza-kurroa
#9
Yamjala Ganeshkumar, Ajmera Ramarao, Ciddi Veeresham
Background: Picrorhiza kurroa (PK) belongs to Scrophulariaceae family and is a representative endemic, medicinal herb, widely distributed throughout the higher altitudes of alpine Himalayas from west to east, between 3000 and 4500 m above mean sea level. Objective: The objective of the present study is to assess the production of picroside I and picroside II from tissue cultures of PK. Materials and Methods: Auxiliary shoot tips of PK were incubated in Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with indole-3-butyric acid and kinetin phytohormones...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333042/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-profiling-in-methanolic-and-ethyl-acetate-root-and-stem-extract-of-corbichonia-decumbens-forssk-exell-from-thar-desert-of-rajasthan-india
#10
Sunita Arora, Manju Saini
Background: Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell (Molluginaceae), recently has moved to Lophiocarpaceae as per angiospermic plant group (APG) III system, is an annual or short-lived, dwarf, glabrous subshrub, prefers to grow on rocky places and on sand-stones in dry, hot areas of Rajasthan. This is the potential plant with medicinal properties. Vegetative organs under study show antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antimicrobial, and antinociception activity. Objective: This study was carried out to identify the phytoconstituents present in the methanolic and ethyl-acetate extract of root and stem of C...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333041/pharmacological-evaluation-of-hepatoprotective-activity-of-ahpl-aytab-0613-tablet-in-carbon-tetrachloride-ethanol-and-paracetamol-induced-hepatotoxicity-models-in-wistar-albino-rats
#11
Sanjay U Nipanikar, Sohan S Chitlange, Dheeraj Nagore
Background: Hepatotoxicity ultimately leads to liver failure. Conventional treatment options for hepatotoxicity are limited and not safe. Objective: Formulation AHPL/AYTAB/0613 is developed to provide safer and effective hepatoprotective drug of natural origin. A study was conducted to evaluate hepatoprotective activity of AHPL/AYTAB/0613 (three dosages) in comparison with marketed formulations in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), ethanol, and paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in Wistar albino rats...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333040/pharmacological-screening-of-trachyspermum-ammi-for-antihyperlipidemic-activity-in-triton-x-100-induced-hyperlipidemia-rat-model
#12
Uzma Saleem, Saba Riaz, Bashir Ahmad, Mohammad Saleem
Background: Mortality rate is increasing due to cardiovascular problems throughout the world. These cardiac problems are directly associated with dyslipidemia. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antihyperlipidemic effect of aqueous extract and methanol extract of Trachyspermum ammi at 1 g/kg, 3 g/kg, and 5 g/kg dose levels in rats. Materials and Methods: For this purpose, 45 male albino rats were used and randomly divided into nine equal groups (n = 5)...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333039/pharmacognostic-assesment-of-the-endemic-and-vulnerable-medicinal-climber-cayratia-pedata-lam-gagnep-var-glabra-gamble-and-its-antibacterial-activity
#13
S Sharmila, K Kalaichelvi, S M Dhivya, P Premamalini, P Abirami, G Jayanthi
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate a meticulous pharmacognostic cram is to supplement constructive information with regard to its identification, characterization, and standardization of endemic and endangered medicinal climber Cayratia pedata var. glabra and also screening the antibacterial activity of this climber. Materials and Methods: The morphological characters of study plant, microscopic examination of leaf powder, anatomy of young stem, physicochemical analysis of plant powder, extractive values, phytochemical analysis, powder with different chemical reagents, fluorescence analysis of plant powder, and other World Health Organization (WHO) recommended for standardization were analyzed...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333038/antihyperglycemic-potential-of-saponin-enriched-fraction-from-pithecellobium-dulce-benth-seed-extract
#14
Mahesh Kumar, Jeyabalan Govindrajan, Narendra Kumar Nyola
Background: Indian traditional system of medicine uses Pithecellobium dulce for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Objectives: This study aims to develop an extract rich in saponins derived from seeds of the plant and to evaluate its antihyperglycemic potential in vitro and in vivo. Materials and Methods: Defatted seeds were extracted with methanol and processed to afford saponin-enriched fraction (Pithecellobium dulce saponin-enriched fraction [PDSEF])...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333037/curcumin-and-natural-derivatives-inhibit-ebola-viral-proteins-an-in-silico-approach
#15
Shruti Baikerikar
Background: Ebola viral disease is a severe and mostly fatal disease in humans caused by Ebola virus. This virus belongs to family Filoviridae and is a single-stranded negative-sense virus. There is no single treatment for this disease which puts forth the need to identify new therapy to control and treat this fatal condition. Curcumin, one of the bioactives of turmeric, has proven antiviral property. Objective: The current study evaluates the inhibitory activity of curcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and tetrahydrocurcumin against Zaire Ebola viral proteins (VPs)...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333036/autonomic-receptors-and-nitric-oxide-involvements-in-mediating-vasorelaxation-effect-induced-by-syzygium-polyanthum-leaves-extract
#16
Azlini Ismail, Wan Amir Nizam Wan Ahmad
Context: Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp leaves are traditionally used by Malays for treating hypertension. Our previous study showed that aqueous extract of S. polyanthum (AESP) and methanolic extract of S. polyanthum (MESP) extracts of S. polyanthum leaves significantly reduced blood pressure of normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Aims: This study aimed to investigate their vasorelaxation potential and the possible involvement of autonomic receptors and nitric oxide in mediating their effect...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333035/the-activity-of-immunoglobulin-y-anti-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-on-proliferation-and-cytokine-expression-of-rat-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#17
Sri Agus Sudjarwo, Koerniasari Eraiko, Giftania Wardani Sudjarwo, Koerniasari
Objective: It has long been known that chickens, like mammals, are capable of producing antigen-specific immunoglobulin Y (IgY), which functions similar to IgG. The present study was performed to investigate the activity of IgY anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis on proliferation, interleukin (IL)-2, and interferon (IFN)-γ expression of rat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Materials and Methods: The activity of IgY anti-M. tuberculosis in different doses (25, 50, and 100 μg/ml) on rat PBMCs proliferation was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333034/antinociceptive-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-triterpenes-from-pluchea-quitoc-dc-aerial-parts
#18
Francisco Alcione Nobre da Silva, Sônia Maria de Farias Freire, Marilene Oliveira da Rocha Borges, Francisco Erivaldo Vidal Barros, Maria da de Sousa, Maria Nilce de Sousa Ribeiro, Giselle Maria Skelding Pinheiro Guilhon, Adolfo Henrique Müller, Antonio Carlos Romão Borges
Background: Pluchea quitoc DC. (Asteraceae), a medicinal plant known as "quitoco," "caculucage," "tabacarana" and "madre-cravo," is indicated for inflammatory conditions such as bronchitis, arthritis, and inflammation in the uterus and digestive system. Objective: This study evaluated the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of the triterpenes compounds obtained from P. quitoc aerial parts. Materials and Methods: The triterpenes compounds β-amyrin, taraxasterol and pseudo-taraxasterol in a mixture (T); β-amyrin, taraxasterol and pseudo-taraxasterol acetates in a mixture (Ta); β-amyrin, taraxasterol, pseudo-taraxasterol acetates in a mixture with β-amyrin, taraxasterol and pseudo-taraxasterol myristates (Tafe) were analyzed in the models of nociception and inflammation...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263637/identification-and-characterization-of-memecylon-species-using-isozyme-profiling
#19
T R Bharathi, Shailasree Sekhar, N Geetha, S R Niranjana, H S Prakash
Background: The protein/isozyme fingerprint is useful in differentiating the species and acts as a biochemical marker for identification and systematic studies of medicinal plant species. Objective: In the present study, protein and isozyme profiles for peroxidase, esterase, acid phosphatase, polyphenol oxidase, alcohol dehydrogenase, and alkaline phosphatase of five species of Memecylon (Melastomataceae), Memecylon umbellatum, Memecylon edule, Memecylon talbotianum, Memecylon malabaricum, and Memecylon wightii were investigated...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263636/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-in-albaha-region-saudi-arabia
#20
Nasser A Awadh Ali, Saeed Salah Al Sokari, Ahmed Gushash, Sirajudheen Anwar, Khalid Al-Karani, Abdulwali Al-Khulaidi
Background: Local natural medicinal resource knowledge is important to define and elaborate usage of herbs, in systematic and organized manner. Until recently, there has been little scientifically written document regarding the traditional uses of medicinal plants in Al Bahah region. Objective: This pilot study aims to collect the ethnobotanical information from native populations regarding the benefits of medicinal plants of Al Bahah region, and determine if the traditional usage is scientifically established (proved) from literature...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
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