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Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895524/characteristics-of-social-drinkers-with-and-without-a-hangover-after-heavy-alcohol-consumption
#1
A Hogewoning, Ajae Van de Loo, M Mackus, S J Raasveld, R De Zeeuw, E R Bosma, N H Bouwmeester, K A Brookhuis, J Garssen, J C Verster
BACKGROUND: A number of social drinkers claim that they do not experience next-day hangovers despite consuming large quantities of alcohol. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of drinkers who claim to be hangover immune and compare them with drinkers who do report having hangovers. METHODS: A total of 36 social drinkers participated in a naturalistic study consisting of a hangover day (alcohol consumed) and a control day (no alcohol consumed)...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729826/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-a-young-man-with-subacute-myelopathy-induced-by-abusive-nitrous-oxide-consumption-a-case-report
#2
Falk Mancke, Gintarė Kaklauskaitė, Jennifer Kollmer, Markus Weiler
Nitrous oxide (N2O), a long-standing anesthetic, is known for its recreational use, and its consumption is on the rise. Several case studies have reported neurological and psychiatric complications of N2O use. To date, however, there has not been a study using standardized diagnostic procedures to assess psychiatric comorbidities in a patient consuming N2O. Here, we report about a 35-year-old male with magnetic resonance imaging confirmed subacute myelopathy induced by N2O consumption, who suffered from comorbid cannabinoid and nicotine dependence as well as abuse of amphetamines, cocaine, lysergic acid diethylamide, and ketamine...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729825/benefits-of-peer-support-groups-in-the-treatment-of-addiction
#3
Kathlene Tracy, Samantha P Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Peer support can be defined as the process of giving and receiving nonprofessional, nonclinical assistance from individuals with similar conditions or circumstances to achieve long-term recovery from psychiatric, alcohol, and/or other drug-related problems. Recently, there has been a dramatic rise in the adoption of alternative forms of peer support services to assist recovery from substance use disorders; however, often peer support has not been separated out as a formalized intervention component and rigorously empirically tested, making it difficult to determine its effects...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695382/factors-associated-with-opioid-overdose-a-10-year-retrospective-study-of-patients-in-a-large-integrated-health-care-system
#4
Joseph A Boscarino, H Lester Kirchner, James M Pitcavage, Vijay R Nadipelli, Naoko A Ronquest, Michael H Fitzpatrick, John J Han
OBJECTIVE: Opioid overdoses (ODs) have been increasing, and harm reduction efforts are a priority. The success of these efforts will be dependent on the identification of at-risk patients and improved access to the antidote naloxone. Therefore, to identify access to naloxone and factors associated with negative health outcomes, we conducted a retrospective study of patients with OD to identify those at highest risk of adverse outcomes and to assess the use of naloxone. METHODS: We conducted a study of electronic health records for patients admitted to the largest multihospital system in the region - the Geisinger Health System (GHS) for ODs - from April 2005 through March 2015...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574480/e-cigarettes-for-the-management-of-nicotine-addiction
#5
REVIEW
Oliver Knight-West, Christopher Bullen
In this review, we discuss current evidence on electronic cigarettes (ECs), a rapidly evolving class of nicotine delivery system, and their role in managing nicotine addiction, specifically in helping smokers to quit smoking and/or reduce the amount of tobacco they smoke. The current evidence base is limited to three randomized trials (only one compares ECs with nicotine replacement therapy) and a growing number of EC user surveys (n=6), case reports (n=4), and cohort studies (n=8). Collectively, these studies suggest modest cessation efficacy and a few adverse effects, at least with the short-term use...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574479/primary-care-for-opioid-use-disorder
#6
Paolo Mannelli, Li-Tzy Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499655/use-of-microdoses-for-induction-of-buprenorphine-treatment-with-overlapping-full-opioid-agonist-use-the-bernese-method
#7
Robert Hämmig, Antje Kemter, Johannes Strasser, Ulrich von Bardeleben, Barbara Gugger, Marc Walter, Kenneth M Dürsteler, Marc Vogel
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is a partial µ-opioid receptor agonist used for maintenance treatment of opioid dependence. Because of the partial agonism and high receptor affinity, it may precipitate withdrawal symptoms during induction in persons on full µ-opioid receptor agonists. Therefore, current guidelines and drug labels recommend leaving a sufficient time period since the last full agonist use, waiting for clear and objective withdrawal symptoms, and reducing pre-existing full agonist therapies before administering buprenorphine...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418863/prescription-pain-reliever-misuse-and-levels-of-pain-impairment-3-year-course-in-a-nationally-representative-outpatient-sample-of-us-adults
#8
Scott P Novak, Cristie Glasheen, Carl L Roland
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this work was to present the prevalence data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), a representative 3-year longitudinal survey (ages 18+ years) that captured information on patterns of self-reported pain interference and prescription pain reliever misuse. A second aim was to assess the degree to which the risk of various types of opioid misuse (onset, desistance, and incidence of dependence) was related to the longitudinal course of self-reported pain interference over the 3-year period...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366109/opioid-induced-constipation-rationale-for-the-role-of-norbuprenorphine-in-buprenorphine-treated-individuals
#9
REVIEW
Lynn R Webster, Michael Camilleri, Andrew Finn
Buprenorphine and buprenorphine-naloxone fixed combinations are effective for managing patients with opioid dependence, but constipation is one of the most common side effects. Evidence indicates that the rate of constipation is lower when patients are switched from sublingual buprenorphine-naloxone tablets or films to a bilayered bioerodible mucoadhesive buccal film formulation, and while the bilayered buccal film promotes unidirectional drug flow across the buccal mucosa, the mechanism for the reduced constipation is unclear...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330340/identifying-and-assessing-the-risk-of-opioid-abuse-in-patients-with-cancer-an-integrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Ashley-Nicole Carmichael, Laura Morgan, Egidio Del Fabbro
BACKGROUND: The misuse and abuse of opioid medications in many developed nations is a health crisis, leading to increased health-system utilization, emergency department visits, and overdose deaths. There are also increasing concerns about opioid abuse and diversion in patients with cancer, even at the end of life. AIMS: To evaluate the current literature on opioid misuse and abuse, and more specifically the identification and assessment of opioid-abuse risk in patients with cancer...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274333/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-internet-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-among-adults
#11
REVIEW
Amanda L Graham, Kelly M Carpenter, Sarah Cha, Sam Cole, Megan A Jacobs, Margaret Raskob, Heather Cole-Lewis
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of Internet interventions in promoting smoking cessation among adult tobacco users relative to other forms of intervention recommended in treatment guidelines. METHODS: This review followed Cochrane Collaboration guidelines for systematic reviews. Combinations of "Internet," "web-based," and "smoking cessation intervention" and related keywords were used in both automated and manual searches...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217809/progress-toward-pharmacotherapies-for-cannabis-use-disorder-an-evidence-based-review
#12
REVIEW
Jan Copeland, Izabella Pokorski
Cannabis is the most widely used and variably regulated drug in the world, with increasing trends of use being reported in the US, Australia, Asia, and Africa. Evidence has shown a decrease in the age of commencement of cannabis use in some developed countries and a prolongation of risk of initiation to cannabis use beyond adolescence among more recent users. Cannabis use is associated with numerous health risks and long-term morbidity, as well as risk of developing cannabis-use disorders. Cannabis users infrequently seek professional treatment, and normally do so after a decade of use...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217808/pharmacotherapy-for-opioid-dependence-in-jails-and-prisons-research-review-update-and-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Anjalee Sharma, Kevin E O'Grady, Sharon M Kelly, Jan Gryczynski, Shannon Gwin Mitchell, Robert P Schwartz
PURPOSE: The World Health Organization recommends the initiation of opioid agonists prior to release from incarceration to prevent relapse or overdose. Many countries in the world employ these strategies. This paper considers the evidence to support these recommendations and the factors that have slowed their adoption in the US. METHODS: We reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and longitudinal/observational studies that examine participant outcomes associated with the initiation or continuation of opioid agonists (methadone, buprenorphine) or antagonists (naltrexone) during incarceration...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110146/smoking-cessation-support-for-pregnant-women-role-of-mobile-technology
#14
REVIEW
Christina L Heminger, Jennifer M Schindler-Ruwisch, Lorien C Abroms
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy has deleterious health effects for the fetus and mother. Given the high risks associated with smoking in pregnancy, smoking cessation programs that are designed specifically for pregnant smokers are needed. This paper summarizes the current landscape of mHealth cessation programs aimed at pregnant smokers and where available reviews evidence to support their use. METHODS: A search strategy was conducted in June-August 2015 to identify mHealth programs with at least one component or activity that was explicitly directed at smoking cessation assistance for pregnant women...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051333/a-review-of-gambling-disorder-and-substance-use-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Carla J Rash, Jeremiah Weinstock, Ryan Van Patten
In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), gambling disorder was recategorized from the "Impulse Control Disorder" section to the newly expanded "Substance-related and Addictive Disorders" section. With this move, gambling disorder has become the first recognized nonsubstance behavioral addiction, implying many shared features between gambling disorder and substance use disorders. This review examines these similarities, as well as differences, between gambling and substance-related disorders...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26766921/disclosure-of-conflicts-of-interest-and-credibility-for-the-medical-profession
#16
Alain Braillon, Bernard Granger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635492/gang-membership-and-marijuana-use-among-african-american-female-adolescents-in-north-carolina
#17
Wendee M Wechsberg, Irene A Doherty, Felicia A Browne, Tracy L Kline, Monique G Carry, Jerris L Raiford, Jeffrey H Herbst
The southeastern US sustains the highest high school dropout rates, and gangs persist in underserved communities. African American female adolescents who drop out of school and are gang members are at substantial risk of exposure to severe violence, physical abuse, and sexual exploitation. In this study of 237 female African American adolescents 16-19 years of age from North Carolina who dropped out or considered dropping out, 11% were current or past gang members. Adolescents who reported gang membership began smoking marijuana at a mean age of 13, whereas those who reported no gang membership began at a mean age of 15 years (P<0...
2015: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26604854/cross-reactivity-of-the-cedia-buprenorphine-assay-in-drugs-of-abuse-screening-influence-of-dose-and-metabolites-of-opioids
#18
Jon Andsnes Berg, Jan Schjøtt, Kjell O Fossan, Bettina Riedel
PURPOSE: The cloned enzyme donor immunoassay (CEDIA) for buprenorphine is applied for both urine drugs-of-abuse screening and compliance monitoring. Sensitivity, specificity, and optimal cutoff of this assay have differed between studies. This may indicate that cross-reactivity has to be taken into account during assay evaluation. We therefore investigated the performance of the CEDIA buprenorphine assay for use in our patient population and explored the impact of cross-reactivity on assay accuracy...
2015: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26543389/emerging-drugs-of-abuse-current-perspectives-on-synthetic-cannabinoids
#19
REVIEW
Danièle Debruyne, Reynald Le Boisselier
New psychoactive drugs that have appeared over the last decade are typically dominated by cathinones and synthetic cannabinoids (SCs). SCs have been emerging as recreational drugs because they mimic the euphoria effect of cannabis while still being legal. Sprayed on natural herb mixtures, SCs have been primarily sold as "herbal smoking blends" or "herbal incense" under brand names like "Spice" or "K2". Currently, SCs pure compounds are available from websites for the combination with herbal materials or for the use in e-cigarettes...
2015: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26392791/motivation-to-maintain-sobriety-among-residents-of-sober-living-recovery-homes
#20
Douglas L Polcin, Rachael Korcha
BACKGROUND: The study of motivation in the substance abuse field has typically examined the extent to which substance users want to quit or reduce substance use. Less frequently examined is the desire to maintain sobriety after achieving abstinence. The current study examined motivation to maintain sobriety among residents of sober living houses (SLHs), a type of recovery home for individuals with alcohol and drug problems. Previous research on this population showed favorable longitudinal outcomes over 18 months...
2015: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
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