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Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics

Joy W Douglas, Lori W Turner, Linda L Knol, Amy C Ellis, Ann C Godfrey, Jeannine C Lawrence
Registered Dietitians (RDs) should participate in interdisciplinary feeding discussions for patients with advanced dementia, but research on how RDs make such feeding recommendations is scarce. This study developed and validated a theory-based questionnaire to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of RDs regarding feeding tube use among older adults with advanced dementia. The instrument was drafted based on the Social Ecological Model, and face and content validity were established through an expert panel review...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Tracy V de Leon, Meizi He, Sarah L Ullevig
This study assessed possible dietary supplement-medication interactions of 62 older adults recruited from 8 senior congregate sites in Bexar County, Texas. Dietary supplement and medication use were collected by paper questionnaire and potential supplement-medication interactions were assessed using online databases. The majority of participants reported dietary supplements (77%), non-prescription medication (50%), and prescription medication (73%) use. Fifty percent of participants who reported dietary supplement and medication use were at-risk for a potential supplement-medication interaction, ranging from one to eight potential interactions...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Lindsay MacNab, Sarah L Francis, Ingrid Lofgren, Catherine Violette, Mack C Shelley, Matthew Delmonico, Furong Xu
Older adult (OA) dietary practices may be placing them at nutritional risk. This cross-sectional study examined the dietary intake frequencies (DIF) and nutritional risk (NR) using the Dietary Screening Tool (DST) of OA attending community-based nutrition education and physical activity programs. Most were white females aged 60-80 years. The majority (80.1%) were classified as "at NR" or "at possible NR." Participants had "low" lean protein, dairy, and processed meat DIF and "moderate" whole fruit and juice, total and whole grains, vegetables and added fats, sugars, and sweets DIF...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Gad Mendelson, Yael Katz, Danit R Shahar, Ofer Bar, Yehoshua Lehman, Devorah Spiegel, Yael Ochayon, Nomi Shavit, Debbie Mimran Nahon, Yulia Radinski, Carmit Arbiv
To determine the impact of nutritional status and risk factors for undernutrition based on the changes in functional outcomes and rehabilitation success, defined as the ability of older adults to return as close as possible to their original functional state. Retrospective cohort study among 107 rehabilitation patients, aged ≥65 y. Data included demographics, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ), reported weight, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and Cumulative Illness Rating-Scale for Geriatrics (CIRS-G)...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Renata Blumberg, Charles Feldman, Douglas Murray, Nechama Burnes, Debra Murawski
Malnutrition in older adults residing in long-term care facilities continues to be a problem in the United States. Existing research has identified a list of possible contributing factors, including staffing problems. Few studies on food and nutrition care have attempted to gain the perspectives of nursing or dietary aides (henceforth, aides), the frontline staff who work most closely with the residents of long-term care facilities. The current study takes a qualitative approach grounded in a theoretical perspective based on Total Quality Management (TQM) to increase understanding of the interpersonal and management practices that affect resident wellbeing, health, and nutrition...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Y Yamori, M Sagara, Y Arai, H Kobayashi, K Kishimoto, I Matsuno, H Mori, M Mori
Levels of isoflavones, biomarkers of soy intake, in 24-hour urine (24U) were inversely related to coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in the World Health Organization's Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison Study. Considering 24 U isoflavone levels were highest and CHD mortality was lowest in the Japanese, who maintained the world's longest life expectancy, the association of regular soy intake with cardiometabolic risk was investigated in Japanese adults (20-49 years old) and elderly (50-79 years old)...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Catherine J Lillehoj, LeLee Yap, Doris Montgomery, Mack Shelley, Sarah L Francis
This study examined the impact of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) program Fresh Conversations (FC) on the nutritional risk (NR) of older adults (OAs). A convenience sample of OAs (207 Treatment, 148 Control) completed questionnaires comprised of validated measures to assess NR, barriers to healthy eating self-efficacy (SE), food safety behaviors (FSB), and food security (FS) at three-time points over 9 months. Participants were mostly white (92.4%), older (age 81+ years, 40...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Gaëlle Soriano Rd, S Goisser PhD, S Guyonnet PhD, B Vellas Md PhD, S Andrieu Md PhD, S Sourdet Md
Accurate assessment of dietary intake is essential in clinical practice and research. While energy intake (EI) misreporting has been extensively studied in the general population, relatively little is known about misreporting among older people. This cross-sectional study used clinical data routinely collected in 127 participants, aged 70-96 years, from the Toulouse Frailty Clinic. EI was assessed by diet history interview and three-day food record. Misreporters were identified with the Goldberg cut-off method, using the Harris-Benedict equation to estimate total energy expenditure...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Emmy van den Heuvel, Jane L Murphy, Katherine M Appleton
Compared to other protein-rich foods, eggs are of soft texture, easy to cook, and low cost, and may be useful in increasing protein intakes in older adults. Focus groups and interviews were used to explore all reasons for consuming and not consuming eggs in older adults. Forty-two individuals (20 males, 22 females, aged 56-96 years) took part in one of eight focus groups or two individual interviews. Thematic analyses revealed 69 different reasons for eating or not eating eggs in this population. Reasons were related to: hedonics, properties of the food, preparation style, convenience, physical environment, variety, physical health/abilities, nutrition and health knowledge, food safety, social environment, morality, emotion, and habit...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Dana L Craven, Fiona E Pelly, Geoff P Lovell, Elisabeth Isenring
Many community-living older adults experience the condition of malnutrition and the causes are complex and multi-factorial. This study examined nutrition risk in a sample of community-living older Australians (n = 77, age ≥65 years) using an online, self-administered survey consisting of two validated questionnaires (SCREEN II and SF-12). We found a significant relationship between health status and nutrition risk; those with higher self-rated health status had lower nutrition risk. Forty percent of the participants were categorized at high nutritional risk, 26% at moderate nutritional risk and 34% not at nutritional risk...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Oleg Zaslavsky, Shira Zelber-Sagi, James M Shikany, Tonya Orchard, Robert Wallace, Linda Snetselaar, Lesley Tinker
We examined individual components of the Mediterranean Diet (Med) and evaluated their relative contribution to mortality rates in older women with frailty. A sample (N = 10,431) included Women's Health Initiative Observational Study participants aged 65-84 y with complete frailty diagnostic criteria and dietary data. Frailty was assessed with modified Fried's criteria, and dietary data were collected through food frequency questionnaire. Over a mean follow-up of 12.4 y (range 3-21.0), 3,259 (31.2%) deaths occurred...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Adrienne M Young, Susan J de Jersey, Jennifer Ellick, Carrie-Anne Lewis, Merrilyn Banks
This pilot study evaluated the introduction of a bistro evening meal service in a geriatric inpatient unit by comparing patient intake, satisfaction and meal quality of this new service to the usual central preplated service. Ten meals were observed under each condition (n = 30; mean age 79 years, 47% male). Data were collected on intake of each meal component (none, ¼, ½, ¾, all; converted to energy and protein using known food composition data), patient satisfaction with meals (meal flavor/taste, appearance, quality, staff demeanor; seven-point scale) and meal quality (sensory properties, temperature; five-point scale)...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Shanthi Johnson, Roseann Nasser, Kayla Rustad, Jennifer Chan, Christina Wist, Aisha Siddique, Heather Tulloch
The older adult population in Canada is growing, creating a greater demand for long-term care (LTC) facilities. Seniors living in LTC are more vulnerable to malnutrition, making it important to implement nutrition screening tools on a routine basis. The purpose of this study was to explore the practices of Registered Dietitians (RDs) related to nutritional screening, nutritional assessment, and follow-ups conducted within LTC facilities. This study also explored possible barriers hindering the application of these practices...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Kathryn N Porter Starr, Shelley R McDonald, Aubrey Jarman, Melissa Orenduff, Richard Sloane, Carl F Pieper, Connie W Bales
Increases in rates of obesity in the older population are hastening the development of chronic illnesses, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, obesity reduction in older adults is besought with concerns about the long-term benefit/risk, especially regarding loss of muscle mass and its impact on function. Higher protein intakes have been advocated to help offset the tendency for loss of muscle during weight reduction but this raises concerns about possible negative effects on older kidneys. We assessed markers of renal function in venous blood samples collected during a six-month randomized controlled weight loss trial of higher protein intake in obese (n = 67; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) older (≥60 years) adults with physical frailty and age-normal renal status (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] ≥ 45); the Control diet (0...
April 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Christine L Sheppard, Lise Dubé, Kate Ducak, Anita M Myers
A mixed-methods needs assessment was conducted in an urban senior center serving lower-income seniors in Toronto, Ontario, to determine whether they should offer a congregate meal program. Methods included three focus groups with participants (n = 31), a focus group with staff (n = 8), a center-wide survey (n = 36), and a community scan of programs in the area. Interviews with five coordinators at other seniors' centers who offered meal programs were also used to gauge interest and assist with program development...
April 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Elizabeth Rosted, Tatiana Prokofieva, Suzanne Sanders, Martin Schultz
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in geriatric patients and is associated with an increased risk of death. In addition, delirium is a common condition of the older hospitalized patients. As brain has a high nutritional requirement, malnutrition may play an important role in cognitive dysfunction including the development of delirium. This study investigated the association between delirium and malnutrition in frail older patients and the effects on adverse outcomes. It was found that 75% of the patients with delirium suffered from malnutrition indicating that malnutrition contributes to the development of delirium in older hospitalized patients...
April 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Vanessa Vucea, Heather H Keller, Jill M Morrison, Alison M Duncan, Lisa M Duizer, Christina O Lengyel, Susan E Slaughter
Residents living in long term care (LTC) who consume a pureed diet tend to have inadequate intake; understanding factors associated with poor intake in this group of residents is not well established. This study examined the adequacy of nutrient intake among LTC residents consuming a pureed diet and the factors associated with this intake (n = 67). Data was collected as part of a cross-sectional study conducted in 32 LTC homes. Weighed food intake was measured on three non-consecutive days and analyzed using Food Processor software...
April 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Seung Eun Jung, Amy C Ellis, Kristi Crowe-White
To strengthen randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the efficacy of 100% watermelon juice on vascular function of older women, theory-driven behavioral analysis as well as comparative sensory analysis of the intervention and placebo were conducted. The Theory of Planned Behavior was adopted to assess psychosocial determinants of intention to consume watermelon juice. Sensory attributes were assessed utilizing hedonic scales. Analysis included Structural Equation Modeling with maximum likelihood. The measurement model provided a good fit (x2  = 70...
April 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart, Natalie Carrier
Long-term care (LTC) physical and psychosocial mealtime environments have been inconsistently assessed due to the lack of a standardized measure. The purpose of this study was to examine the construct validity of a new standardized observational measure, the Mealtime Scan (MTS), using the Making Most of Mealtimes data collected on 639 residents in 82 dining rooms in 32 LTC homes. The MTS includes physical, social, and person-centered care summary scales scored from 1 to 8. Mean ratings on these summary scales were moderate for physical (5...
April 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Anna Vaudin, Hee-Jung Song, Mira Mehta, Nadine Sahyoun
Functional limitations in homebound older adults may cause difficulties with obtaining and preparing adequate healthy food. Services exist to help with these difficulties, however, not all individuals who could benefit receive them. This secondary analysis of observational data, obtained via questionnaires from homebound, recently hospital discharged older adults (n = 566), aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of unmet need for such services, and to examine the disagreement between self-reported need for a service and functional limitation that could be addressed by that service...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
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