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Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation

Dani Rotman, Ornit Giladi, Adi Berliner Senderey, Alison Dallich, Oleg Dolkart, Assaf Kadar, Eran Maman, Ofir Chechik
Introduction: Proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) are a common fragility fracture and have been shown to increase mortality in elderly patients. In the last decade, reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) was introduced as a reliable operative treatment option for this indication. In other fragility fractures, most notably hip fractures, urgent surgical treatment can reduce mortality. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether treatment with RTSA can reduce 1-year mortality in elderly patients with complex displaced PHFs...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2151459318770561.].
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Carmen E Quatman, Michael Mondor, Jodi Halweg, Julie A Switzer
Objective: To determine whether fall calls, lift assists, and need for transport to the hospital over the past 10 years in one emergency medical services (EMS) system have altered coincident with demographic changes and to estimate health-care cost for lift assists. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of EMS fall-related care. The HealthEMS database for a suburban community surveyed was queried from March 1, 2007, to March 1, 2017. Fall-related calls in patients 60 years or older were identified and determined to be either lift assists (calls that do not result in transport) or fall calls that resulted in transport to the hospital...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Andrew Davies, Thomas Tilston, Katherine Walsh, Michael Kelly
Background: Patients with a neck of femur fracture have a high mortality rate. National outcomes have improved significantly as the management of this patient group is prioritized. In 2016, however, 4398 (6.7%) patients died within 30 days of admission. Objective: To investigate whether palliative care could be integrated early in the care plan for high-risk patients. Methods: All cases of inpatient mortality following neck of femur fracture at North Bristol Major Trauma Centre over a 24-month period were reviewed...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Wahid Rezaie, Gert Roukema, Bart Van de Meulebroucke
Introduction: For a number of emergency conditions, admission over the weekend has been associated with rising morbidity and mortality rates. However, different studies have provided conflicting results regarding the increased rates of mortality and morbidity for patients with intracapsular femoral fracture who were admitted over the weekend, compared to weekdays. This study investigated the effect of weekend admissions on the surgical outcomes of patients with intracapsular femoral neck fractures...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Elspeth Kinnucan, Matthew T Molcjan, David M Wright, Julie A Switzer
Introduction: The relationship between shoulder function and overall function in the elderly patients is not well understood. It is hypothesized that there is an increased tolerance of shoulder dysfunction in this population. The purpose of our study was to investigate and better understand the relationship between shoulder function, general musculoskeletal health, and frailty in the elderly patients. Materials and Methods: The dominant shoulders of 75 individuals aged ≥65 years without known dominant shoulder pathology were assessed...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Mary Kate Thayer, Conor P Kleweno, Vivian H Lyons, Lisa A Taitsman
Background: Elderly patients with low-energy hip fractures have high rates of morbidity and mortality, but it is not well known how often concurrent upper extremity fractures occur and how this impacts outcomes. We used the National Trauma Databank (NTDB), the largest aggregation of US trauma registry data available, to determine whether patients with concurrent upper extremity and hip fractures have worse outcomes than patients with hip fractures alone. Methods: We accessed the NTDB to identify patients aged 65 to 100 who sustained a hip fracture...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Anaar Siletz, Christopher P Childers, Claire Faltermeier, Emily S Singer, Q Lina Hu, Clifford Y Ko, Stephen L Kates, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Elizabeth Wick
Background: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have been shown to improve patient outcomes in a variety of contexts. This review summarizes the evidence and defines a protocol for perioperative care of patients with hip fracture and was conducted for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality safety program for improving surgical care and recovery. Study Design: Perioperative care was divided into components or "bins." For each bin, a semisystematic review of the literature was conducted using MEDLINE with priority given to systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Eric Wei Liang Cher, Kae Sian Tay, Karen Zhang, Seang Beng Tan, Tet Sen Howe, Joyce Suang Bee Koh
Introduction: According to the World Health Organization data repository, the average life expectancy at birth for Singapore in 2015 has risen to 83.4 years, and many octogenarians (OG) remain active socioeconomically. The aim of this study is to compare the improvement and the impact of comorbidities on functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) between OG and their younger counterparts. Methods: This is a retrospective study of prospectively collected data from a single institution arthroplasty register...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Matthew Bank, Katie Gibbs, Cristina Sison, Nawshin Kutub, Angelos Paptheodorou, Samuel Lee, Adam Stein, Ona Bloom
Objective: To identify clinical or demographic variables that influence long-term mortality, as well as in-hospital mortality, with a particular focus on the effects of age. Summary and Background Data: Cervical spine fractures with or without spinal cord injury (SCI) disproportionately impact the elderly who constitute an increasing percentage of the US population. Methods: We analyzed data collected for 10 years at a state-designated level I trauma center to identify variables that influenced in-hospital and long-term mortality among elderly patients with traumatic cervical spine fracture with or without SCI...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Mark Bugeja, Simon Aquilina, Charles Farrugia, Ivan Esposito
Introduction: Despite hip fractures being a great public health burden, only few studies have analyzed the relationship between hip fracture incidence and socioeconomic status. Many studies found an association; however, results are in part conflicting. Objective: To analyze the impact of regional-level socioeconomic status on the incidence of hip fractures in the Maltese Islands. Method: All individuals older than 50 years who presented to the acute care hospitals in Malta and Gozo with low-energy hip fractures between December 1, 2015, and November 30, 2016, were selected...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Tak Man Wong, Frankie K L Leung, Tak Wing Lau, Christian Fang, Felix H W Chan, Jun Wu
Introduction: The incidence of hip fracture is projected to increase in the next 25 years as the world population ages. Hip fracture is often associated with subsequent readmission and mortality. Nevertheless, elderly patients often may not achieve the same level of functional ability as prior to their injury. Several studies have shown that close collaboration between orthopedic surgeons and geriatricians can improve such outcomes and Geriatric Day Hospital (GDH) is one of the examples of collaboration to improve such outcomes...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Louise Woon Theng Lo, Xu Yanling, Andrew Chia Chen Chou, Tet Sen Howe, John Carson Allen, Joyce Suang Bee Koh
Introduction: End-stage renal failure (ESRF) with its associated comorbidities increase postoperative mortality in hip fracture patients. This study investigated the association of ESRF with various comorbidities in patients on dialysis and assessed rates ESRF as an independent risk factor for all-cause postoperative 1- year mortality rates. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study on patients aged 55 years and older who underwent their first nonpathological, low-energy hip fracture surgery at an Asian tertiary hospital from June 2007 to 2012...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Dharmik Patel, John R Worley, David A Volgas, Brett D Crist
Introduction: With osteoporosis on the rise across the United States, the goal of this prospective study is to determine the effectiveness of our Midwest level-1 trauma center in diagnosing, treating, and educating osteoporosis patients after fracture with the use of questionnaires. Secondarily, we aimed to identify barriers that prevent our patients from complying with bone health recommendations. Methods: One hundred participants (≥55 years) were given 2 questionnaires (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool and a study-specific questionnaire) that were administered during the patient's visit to the orthopedic trauma clinic...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Method Kabelitz, Yannick Fritz, Patrick Grueninger, Christoph Meier, Patrick Fries, Michael Dietrich
Background: Subsidence of cementless femoral stems in hemiarthroplasty (HA) and increased fracture rates are ongoing concerns of orthopedic surgeons when treating fractures in very old patients. Additionally, bone cement implantation syndrome may result in perioperative cardiac or pulmonary complications, especially in older patients, leading to morbidity and mortality. This study was performed to analyze possible subsidence and intraoperative fractures in a cohort of very old patients treated with cementless stems...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Ariana Lott, Jack Haglin, Rebekah Belayneh, Sanjit R Konda, Philipp Leucht, Kenneth A Egol
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare hospital quality outcomes in patients over the age of 60 undergoing fixation of hip fracture based on their anticoagulation status. Materials and Methods: Patients aged 60 and older with isolated hip fracture injuries treated operatively at 1 academic medical center between October 2014 and September 2016 were analyzed. Patients on the following medications were included in the anticoagulation cohort: warfarin, clopidogrel, aspirin 325 mg, rivaroxaban, apixaban, dabigatran, and dipyridamole/aspirin...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Chandrarajan Premal Shah, Susan Horner, David Surendran Sanders, Susan Armstrong, Sureshini Sanders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Jesse C Christensen, K Bo Foreman, Paul C LaStayo
Introduction: Eccentric (negative) resistance exercise of the legs using specialized machines has been reported to be useful and often superior to standard exercise following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Movements that utilize body mass and gravity as a mode of eccentric resistance exercise in a more pragmatic rehabilitation paradigm may also be useful in reversing chronic muscle impairments observed years following surgery. This study explores whether an eccentrically biased, body mass resistance exercise induces greater magnitude of sagittal plane extensor angular impulse of the support torque and individual net joint torque contributions during both squatting and lunging movement patterns 6 weeks following TKA...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Razvan Taranu, Chelsea Redclift, Patrick Williams, Marina Diament, Anne Tate, Jamie Maddox, Faye Wilson, Will Eardley
Introduction: Hip fracture remains the biggest single source of morbidity and mortality in the elderly trauma population, and any intervention focused on quality improvement and system efficiency is beneficial for both patients and clinicians. Two of the variables contributory to improving care and efficiency are time to theater and length of stay, with the overall goal being to improve care as reflected within the achievement of best practice tariff. One of the biggest barriers to optimizing these variables is preinjury anticoagulation...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Luis Grau, Spencer Summers, Dustin H Massel, Samuel Rosas, Alvin Ong, Victor Hugo Hernandez
Introduction: There is a projected exponential increase in the number of hip fractures in the United States. Trends in patient demographics and the role of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and its associated outcomes following hip fractures surgery have not been well studied. Methods: Patients with proximal femur fractures between 1990 and 2007 were identified in the National Hospital Discharge Survey database. Demographics, comorbidities, perioperative complications, and discharge status for patients undergoing THA, hemiarthroplasty, or internal fixation were examined...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
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