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Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719984/cytotoxic-and-immunomodulatory-potential-activity-of-physalis-peruviana-fruit-extracts-on-cervical-cancer-hela-and-fibroblast-l929-cells
#1
Helen Mier-Giraldo, Luis Eduardo Díaz-Barrera, Lucy Gabriela Delgado-Murcia, Manuel Fernando Valero-Valdivieso, Gabriela Cáez-Ramírez
It was purposed to evaluate the biological potential of ethanol and isopropanol crude extracts of ripe Physalis peruviana fruits. Cytotoxic and immunomodulatory effects of the expression of interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were evaluated on human cervical cancer (HeLa) and murine fibroblast (L929) cells. The composition was evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography diode-array detection and high-performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet/visible detection...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719975/toxicological-effects-of-aqueous-extract-from-african-walnut-tetracarpidium-conophorum-leaves-in-rats
#2
Seun F Akomolafe, Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Tosin A Olasehinde
Tetracarpidium conophorum leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of male infertility, without considering its toxicity and side effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of T conophorum leaves on some biochemical parameters such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, bilirubin, albumin, creatinine, and uric acid. Histology of the liver and kidney were also assessed. The result revealed that the alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels of the control group were not significantly different from the experimental groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719973/an-exploratory-study-of-autonomic-function-investigations-in-hemophiliacs-on-homoeopathy-medications-using-impedance-plethysmography
#3
Tapas K Kundu, Pradip B Barde, Ghanshyam D Jindal, Farooq F Motiwala
BACKGROUND: Status of autonomic homoeostasis in hemostasic disturbances due to hemophilia needs to be studied. OBJECTIVES: To compare autonomic nervous system markers measured by heart rate variability (HRV) and blood flow variability (BFV) in hemophiliacs and healthy age-matched control population using medical analyzer system. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Motiwala Homoeopathy Medical College, and Hemophilia Clinics, Nashik...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701046/a-review-of-the-antioxidant-activity-of-celery-apium-graveolens-l
#4
Wesam Kooti, Nahid Daraei
Plants are an important source of natural active products that are different, based on mechanism and biological properties. Celery ( Apium graveolens L) is a plant from the apiaceae family and phenolic and antioxidant compounds of this plant have been studied by several scientists. The aim of this study was to review systematically the antioxidant activity of celery. Required articles were searched from databases such as Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Springer. Keywords used in this study were Apium graveolens L, celery, antioxidant, free radical, leaf, and seed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701045/investigating-chemical-composition-and-indications-of-hydrosol-soft-drinks-aromatic-waters-used-in-persian-folk-medicine-for-women-s-hormonal-and-reproductive-health-conditions
#5
Azadeh Hamedi, Mehdi Afifi, Hamed Etemadfard
Hydrosol soft drinks in Persian nutrition culture are produced as side products of the essential oil industry to be used as safe remedies for treatment of some ailments. This study investigated hydrosols for women's hormonal health conditions. Detailed information was gathered by questionnaires. Chemical constituents of these mono- or poly-herbal hydrosols were identified after liquid/liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Hierarchical cluster and K-means analysis (SPSS software) were used to find their relevance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689440/chemical-composition-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-the-essential-oil-from-salvia-mirzayanii-leaves
#6
Kamiar Zomorodian, Mahmoodreza Moein, Keyvan Pakshir, Forough Karami, Zahra Sabahi
Resistance of many pathogens to available drugs is a global challenge and is leading to growing interest in natural alternative products. In this study, chemical composition and in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of the essential oil from Salvia mirzayanii were investigated. The chemical constituents of essential oil from S mirzayanii were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The antimicrobial activity was determined by broth microdilution. The main identified compounds were 1,8-cineole (41...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683570/investigation-of-the-mechanism-of-anti-inflammatory-action-and-cytotoxicity-of-a-semipurified-fraction-and-isolated-compounds-from-the-leaf-of-peltophorum-africanum-fabaceae
#7
Salmon A Adebayo, Helen C Steel, Leshweni J Shai, Jacobus N Eloff
Peltophorum africanum extracts have been shown to possess many important medicinal benefits, including anti-inflammatory and antiviral activities. However, the mechanism of action is poorly understood. The mechanism of anti-inflammatory action was determined by measuring the synthesis of cytokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells in vitro. Compound 1 (CP1), compound 2 (CP2), and fraction F3.3.0 (F3.3.0) significantly reduced the synthesis of interleukin 1β (IL-1β) from RAW 264...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673092/observational-study-of-the-association-between-tongue-exam-and-the-kampo-diagnostic-procedure-of-fuku-shin-abdominal-exam-in-blood-stasis
#8
Young-Chang Arai, Shuichi Aono, Izumi Makino, Makoto Nishihara, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Keiko Owari
Blood stasis is a very important pathophysiological concept not only in Kampo but also in traditional Chinese medicine. Blood stasis indicates severe disease. Fuku shin (the abdominal exam) and Zetsu shin (the tongue exam) are the most important approaches of the 4 diagnostic procedures in Kampo. Tenderness of the lower abdominal region ( Sho fuku koh man) and distended sublingual veins have been mentioned as typical signs of blood stasis in Kampo or traditional Chinese medicine. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between Sho fuku koh man and distended sublingual veins...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664775/the-efficacy-of-yoga-as-a-form-of-treatment-for-depression
#9
Ledetra Bridges, Manoj Sharma
The purpose of this article was to systematically review yoga interventions aimed at improving depressive symptoms. A total of 23 interventions published between 2011 and May 2016 were evaluated in this review. Three study designs were used: randomized control trials, quasi-experimental, and pretest/posttest, with majority being randomized control trials. Most of the studies were in the United States. Various yoga schools were used, with the most common being Hatha yoga. The number of participants participating in the studies ranged from 14 to 136, implying that most studies had a small sample...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633539/a-survey-on-chemical-constituents-and-indications-of-aromatic-waters-soft-drinks-hydrosols-used-in-persian-nutrition-culture-and-folk-medicine-for-neurological-disorders-and-mental-health
#10
Azadeh Hamedi, Ardalan Pasdaran, Zahra Zebarjad, Mahmoodreza Moein
In Persian nutrition culture, drinking aromatic waters (hydrosols, distillate) has a long history as functional beverages or therapeutic remedies. The co-distilled water with essential oils, which contains partial amounts of more water-soluble volatile compounds are diluted and used as beverages. Since the solubility of volatile components is different in water, the overall composition, and thus the biological activities of aromatic waters seem to be different from the essential oils they were co-distilled with...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597692/are-traditional-remedies-useful-in-management-of-fibromyalgia-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-review-study
#11
Fatemeh Mahjoub, Roshanak Salari, Mohammad Reza Noras, Mahdi Yousefi
Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome are disorders that often occur simultaneously and are characterized by widespread pain and persistent fatigue. The patients are associated with disability and impairment social and physical functions. There are many remedies in traditional Persian medicine suggested for management of the disease complaints. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical presentations and pathophysiology of disorders with the basic and principal textbook of traditional Persian medicine written by Avicenna ( Canon of Medicine)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592135/low-pressure-low-flow-voiding-dysfunction-in-an-elderly-male-treated-through-ayurveda-a-case-report
#12
Sanjeev Rastogi
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic bladder is a common urological condition among elderly. It results in incontinence or retention of the urine depending on the synergy of bladder smooth muscles and urethral sphincter. There can also be a condition where retention causes overflow incontinence. Retention of urine in this condition is caused by relative lack of contractility of bladder smooth muscles in response to the stretch reflex. As a result, there is no urge and therefore the bladder remains over-distended causing retention of urine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585466/reformulation-of-traditional-chamomile-oil-quality-controls-and-fingerprint-presentation-based-on-cluster-analysis-of-attenuated-total-reflectance-infrared-spectral-data
#13
Arman Zargaran, Amirhossein Sakhteman, Pouya Faridi, Saeid Daneshamouz, Amin Reza Akbarizadeh, Afshin Borhani-Haghighi, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh
Herbal oils have been widely used in Iran as medicinal compounds dating back to thousands of years in Iran. Chamomile oil is widely used as an example of traditional oil. We remade chamomile oils and tried to modify it with current knowledge and facilities. Six types of oil (traditional and modified) were prepared. Microbial limit tests and physicochemical tests were performed on them. Also, principal component analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, and partial least squares discriminant analysis were done on the spectral data of attenuated total reflectance-infrared in order to obtain insight based on classification pattern of the samples...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585447/anticonvulsant-effects-of-aerial-parts-of-verbena-officinalis-extract-in-mice-involvement-of-benzodiazepine-and-opioid-receptors
#14
Amir Rashidian, Fatemeh Kazemi, Saeed Mehrzadi, Ahmad Reza Dehpour, Shahram Ejtemai Mehr, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat
To evaluate the anticonvulsant activity of the aerial parts of Verbena officinalis used traditionally by local Iranians for the treatment of convulsion. The anticonvulsant activity of the extract was assessed in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and maximal electroshock (MES) induced seizures in mice. Diazepam was used as reference drug. In addition, for investigating the mechanism of V officinalis in PTZ model, flumazenil and naloxone were injected before V officinalis. The extract showed no toxicity and significantly increased the period taken before the onset and decreased the duration of the seizures induced by PTZ...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528571/induction-effect-to-apoptosis-by-maitake-polysaccharide
#15
Lei Duan, Xiao-Lu Wu, Fei Zhao, Rong Zeng, Ke-Hu Yang
Polysaccharide extracted from the Maitake mushroom (MP) is considered as a potential anticancer agent. The present study was performed to investigate the cytotoxic effects of MP and vitamin C (VC) alone and in combination on the viability of human neuroglioma M059 K cells in vitro. A combination of MP (1.0 mg/mL) and VC (0.4 mmol/L) led to a 53.10% reduction in cell viability and this treatment induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase, and apoptosis occurred in 38.54% of the cells. Results of Hoechst 33258 staining and Western blot showed apoptotic cells appeared and changes in the expression of apoptosis-related proteins (upregulation of Bax and caspase-3, downregulation of Bcl-2, and activation of poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528570/hypnotherapy-to-reduce-hot-flashes
#16
Jim R Sliwinski, Gary R Elkins
The mechanism of action responsible for hypnotherapy's effect in reducing hot flashes is not yet known. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of response expectancies as a potential mediator. Hypnotizability was also tested as an effect moderator. Data were collected from a sample of 172 postmenopausal women, who had been randomized to receive either a 5-week hypnosis intervention or structured attention counseling. Measures of response expectancies were analyzed to determine if the relationship between group assignment and hot flashes frequency was mediated by expectancies for treatment efficacy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513187/stress-and-response-to-treatment-insights-from-a-pilot-study-using-a-4-week-contemplative-self-healing-meditation-intervention-for-posttraumatic-stress-in-breast-cancer
#17
Emanuela Offidani, Janey C Peterson, Joseph Loizzo, Anne Moore, Mary E Charlson
Along with symptoms of anxiety and depression, many breast cancer survivors experience symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may worsen in the setting of other stressful life events. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate whether a 4-week version of our Contemplative Self-Healing program would have different effects in reducing PTSD symptoms between breast cancer survivors with or without chronic stress at baseline. PTSD symptoms were measured using the Impact of Events scale (IES). A linear mixed model analysis was used to evaluate within patients changes in IES score...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508664/aphrodisiac-activity-of-the-aqueous-crude-extract-of-purple-corn-zea-mays-in-male-rats
#18
Miguel Carro-Juárez, Magdalena G Rodríguez-Santiago, Miguel Angel Franco, María Eugenia Hueletl-Soto
In the present study, the aphrodisiac properties of the purple corn ( Zea mays) in male rats were analyzed. The aqueous crude extract of purple corn (at 25, 50, and 75 mg/kg) was administered to ( a) copulating male rats and ( b) anesthetized and spinal cord transected male rats. Behavioral parameters of copulatory behavior and parameters of the genital motor pattern of ejaculation previous to its inhibition, under the influence of the purple corn extract, are described. Administration of the aqueous crude extract of purple corn significantly facilitates the arousal and execution of male rat sexual behavior without significant influences on the ambulatory behavior...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497701/modified-qigong-breathing-exercise-for-reducing-the-sense-of-hunger-on-an-empty-stomach
#19
Alexander P Voroshilov, Alex A Volinsky, Zhixin Wang, Elena V Marchenko
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine whether a modified Qigong breathing exercise can reduce the sense of hunger and identify possible mechanisms. METHODS: The results from the test group, which performed the exercise, are compared with the control group, which performed deep breathing. Intestinal pressure measurements, stomach pH monitoring, and participant surveys were used for assessment. RESULTS: Stomach pH was increased by 3 (0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497700/instrumental-measurements-of-water-and-the-surrounding-space-during-a-randomized-blinded-controlled-trial-of-focused-intention
#20
Luís Carlos Matos, Sara Cristina Santos, Joel G Anderson, Jorge Machado, Henry Johannes Greten, Fernando Jorge Monteiro
The main goal of this work was the assessment of measurable interactions induced by focused intention, frequently used in biofield practices such as Healing Touch and Reiki. Water, as the main component of the human body, was chosen as a model. Intention experiments were performed over 4 different days at a scheduled interval, during which 286 trained biofield practitioners from several countries were instructed to meditate with the intention to change the molecular vibrational state of water samples selected by a blinded operator...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
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