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Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535961/obesity-as-the-presenting-feature-of-sellar-suprasellar-tuberculoma
#1
Devi Dayal, Balasubramaniyan Muthuvel, Kushaljit Singh Sodhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535960/parathyroid-lipoadenoma-a-rare-entity
#2
Ajay Aggarwal, Roopak Wadhwa, Vivek Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535959/parathyromatosis
#3
Vipul D Yagnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535958/diabetes-day-2017
#4
Jyothi Mariam Idiculla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535957/salutogenesis-in-type-2-diabetes-care-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#5
Sanjay Kalra, Manash P Baruah, Rakesh Sahay
Type 2 diabetes has emerged as a major threat to global public health. In spite of best efforts by health care professionals, persons with diabetes, and the community at large, remain unsatisfied with the approach to diabetes management. This brief communication utilizes Antonovsky's concept of salutogenesis, to suggest a person friendly and community friendly framework for diabetes care. Salutogenesis is used as a means of studying the biopsychosocial domains of diabetes, and as a guiding principle for health related communication...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535956/the-renal-pentad
#6
Sanjay Kalra, Manisha Sahay, Dinesh Dhanda, Rakesh Sahay
Diabetes management is a comprehensive exercise which encompasses not only glycemic control, but vascular risk reduction as well. Accepted clinical models such as the glycemic pentad and metabolic pentad list the glucose related and metabolic aspects which influence ling term vascular outcomes. This paper describes a 'renal pentad' which consists of 5×2 easily measurable parameters, which influence renal outcomes. Renal function, acute health concerns, chronic health concerns, glycemic control and comorbid concerns from the five components of this pentad...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535955/metformin-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-salutogenic-lifestyle-mimetics-in-a-tablet
#7
Sanjay Kalra, Jubbin Jacob, Manash P Baruah
Salutogenesis is an accepted approach for chronic disease management. Calorie restriction and exercise are two evidence based salutogenic interventions in diabetes treatment. Calorie restriction mimetics and exercise mimetics may be used as pharmacological tools to help manage diabetes in a sulutogenic manner. This article discusses the biochemical basis and pharmacology of metformin and sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. It describes how a combination of these drugs can be used as a calories restriction and exercise mimetic, to help improve diabetes control...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535954/high-concentration-insulin
#8
Sanjay Kalra
This communication reviews available high concentration insulins and their basic as well as clinical pharmacology. It classifies all high concentration insulins, and describes their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. The article discusses the utility of high concentrations insulins, lists indications for these preparations, highlights caveats for their safe use, and proposes pragmatic contraindications to their prescription.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535953/commentary-on-consensus-recommendations-on-sulfonylurea-and-sulfonylurea-combinations-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-international-task-force
#9
S K Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535952/consensus-recommendations-on-sulfonylurea-and-sulfonylurea-combinations-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-international-task-force
#10
REVIEW
Sanjay Kalra, Silver Bahendeka, Rakesh Sahay, Sujoy Ghosh, Fariduddin Md, Abbas Orabi, Kaushik Ramaiya, Sameer Al Shammari, Dina Shrestha, Khalid Shaikh, Sachitha Abhayaratna, Pradeep K Shrestha, Aravinthan Mahalingam, Mazen Askheta, Aly Ahmed A Rahim, Fatimah Eliana, Hari K Shrestha, Sandeep Chaudhary, Nancy Ngugi, Jean Claude Mbanya, Than Than Aye, Tint Swe Latt, Zhanay A Akanov, Abbas Raza Syed, Nikhil Tandon, A G Unnikrishnan, S V Madhu, Ali Jawa, Subhankar Chowdhury, Sarita Bajaj, Ashok Kumar Das
For decades, sulfonylureas (SUs) have been important drugs in the antidiabetic therapeutic armamentarium. They have been used as monotherapy as well as combination therapy. Focus on newer drugs and concerns about the risk of severe hypoglycemia and weight gain with some SUs have led to discussion on their safety and utility. It has to be borne in mind that the adverse events associated with SUs should not be ascribed to the whole class, as many modern SUs, such as glimepiride and gliclazide modified release, are associated with better safety profiles...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535951/premarriage-counseling-in-type-1-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Gagan Priya, Bharti Kalra, Emmy Grewal, Inderpreet Kaur Dardi
Type 1 diabetes is a challenging illness and needs lifelong diabetes self-care. At the same time, there is a significant stigma associated with it, especially with relation to marriage. There are concerns related to premarriage disclosure, marital relationship, ability to procreate, risk during pregnancy in women, and the risk of disease in children. In this document, we discuss the issue of disease-related stigma which may become a significant challenge for a prospective spouse and the impact of type 1 diabetes on marital relationships and procreation...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535950/exocrine-dysfunction-correlates-with-endocrinal-impairment-of-pancreas-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
H R Prasanna Kumar, H Basavana Gowdappa, Tejashwi Hosmani, Tejashri Urs
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic abnormal metabolic condition, which manifests elevated blood sugar level over a prolonged period. The pancreatic endocrine system generally gets affected during diabetes, but often abnormal exocrine functions are also manifested due to its proximity to the endocrine system. Fecal elastase-1 (FE-1) is found to be an ideal biomarker to reflect the exocrine insufficiency of the pancreas. Aim: The aim of this study was conducted to assess exocrine dysfunction of the pancreas in patients with type-2 DM (T2DM) by measuring FE levels and to associate the level of hyperglycemia with exocrine pancreatic dysfunction...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535949/maternal-and-perinatal-outcome-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-delhi
#13
Rajesh Kumari, Venus Dalal, Garima Kachhawa, Ipshita Sahoo, Rajesh Khadgawat, Reeta Mahey, Vidushi Kulshrestha, Perumal Vanamail, J B Sharma, Neerja Bhatla, Alka Kriplani
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a carbohydrate intolerance first diagnosed in pregnancy and may be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcome. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the maternal and perinatal outcome in GDM during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective analysis of women diagnosed with GDM who got antenatal care and delivered in our hospital in previous 5 years...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535948/thyroid-status-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-eastern-india
#14
Subhodip Pramanik, Sujoy Ghosh, Pradip Mukhopadhyay, Rana Bhattacharjee, Bidisha Mukherjee, Samim Ali Mondal, Ipsita Ghosh, Ranajit Bari, Subhankar Chowdhury
Objective: Type 2 diabetes mellitus and thyroid dysfunction (TD) are two major public health endocrine problem, but the prevalence of TD and iodine status in patients with T2 DM in India is less studied. The study objective was to explore the prevalence of TD and to evaluate iodine health in type 2 diabetes patients attending a tertiary care center in Eastern India. Methods: Consecutive 100 patients with diabetes attending outpatient department were evaluated clinically and biochemically (thyrotropin [TSH], free thyroxine, anti-TPO antibody, and urinary iodine)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535947/prevalence-of-charcot-arthropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-aged-over-50-years-with-severe-peripheral-neuropathy-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-care-south-indian-hospital
#15
Dharmadas Salini, Kumar Harish, Pillay Minnie, Karimassery R Sundaram, Bal Arun, Chirukandath J Sandya, Thacho S Mangalanandan, Lakshmanan Vivek, Valiyaparambil P Praveen
Aims: Available literature on the prevalence of Charcot arthropathy (CA) represents mainly Western population. No study has been reported from India so far. Hence we attempted to study the prevalence of CA in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and severe peripheral neuropathy (T2DMPN), belonging to Indian population amongst whom type 2 diabetes is on the rise in alarming proportions. Materials and Methods: Medical records of 3387 patients who performed an objective vibration perception threshold test during the year 2015 were screened for T2DMPN...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535946/application-of-chromosomal-microarray-for-evaluation-of-idiopathic-short-stature-in-asian-indian-children-a-pilot-study
#16
Hema Singh, Pradeep Tiwari, Vijay Bhavi, Praveen Singh Chaudhary, Prashanth Suravajhala, M Krishna Mohan, Sandeep Kumar Mathur
Background: Human height is a classic polygenic trait and currently available data explains only 10% of the phenotypic variation in height. Almost 60%-80% of the children coming to pediatric and endocrinology outpatient department for the evaluation of short stature are still labeled as idiopathic. Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify various chromosomal alterations causing idiopathic short stature (ISS) and short stature with dysmorphic features not pertaining to known genetic syndromes...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535945/correlation-of-serum-adiponectin-and-leptin-levels-in-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Arundhati G Diwan, Aniket A Kuvalekar, Siddharth Dharamsi, Aditya M Vora, Vivek A Nikam, Abhijit A Ghadge
Introduction: Indian phenotype includes higher waist circumference despite lower body mass index, thereby making Indians more prone to diabetes and its complications. Aim: The present study aimed to analyze the serum levels of adiponectin and leptin in the participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity and their correlation with hypertension and dyslipidemia. Materials and Methods: In the study, 50 diabetics and 50 controls aged between 40 and 60 years were included in the study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535944/lipid-profile-in-relation-to-glycemic-control-in-type-1-diabetes-children-and-adolescents-in-bangladesh
#18
Bedowra Zabeen, Ana Margarida Balsa, Nasreen Islam, Mukta Parveen, Jebun Nahar, Kishwar Azad
Introduction: Dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia are metabolic abnormalities commonly found in young patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and both increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Methods: This cross-sectional study was aimed to evaluate the pattern of dyslipidemia and its relationship with other risk factors in children and adolescents with T1DM. A total of 576 T1DM patients aged 10-18 years who attended Changing Diabetes in Children, a pediatric diabetes clinic in Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation for Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders over 1 year period from July 2015 to June 2016 were included in this study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535943/risk-factors-associated-with-microalbuminuria-in-children-and-adolescents-with-diabetes-in-bangladesh
#19
Bedowra Zabeen, Jebun Nahar, Nasreen Islam, Kishwar Azad, Kim Donaghue
Introduction: Diabetic nephropathy is leading cause of morbidity and mortality of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). Microalbuminuria is the first clinical sign of nephropathy. Methods: This was a cross-section study with longitudinal evaluation of urinary albumin xcretion in 199 children with type 1 diabetes attending CDiC Clinic in BIRDEM over a period of two years. The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of microalbuminuria and to determine other risk factors...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535942/evaluation-of-oxidative-stress-and-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-correlation-with-pregnancy-outcome
#20
K A Sudharshana Murthy, Ambarisha Bhandiwada, Shivani L Chandan, Surakshith L Gowda, G Sindhusree
Background: Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in India is increasing. In addition to performing physiological role in fetoplacental unit during pregnancy, cytokines also play pathophysiological role if expressed in abnormal amounts or sites. Objective: To estimate Proinflammatory Cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8 and anti-oxidants Glutathione Peroxidase (GTX), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), uric acid and Bilirubin levels in GDM and correlate with pregnancy outcome...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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