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Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553613/indian-and-american-guidance-on-psychosocial-care-of-persons-with-diabetes
#1
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Sanjay Kalra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553612/prevalence-of-islet-autoantibodies-in-type-1-diabetes
#2
Devi Dayal, Avani Hegde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553611/gestational-pituitary-apoplexy
#3
Anand K Annamalai, Gopalakrishnan Jeyachitra, Anandkumar Jeyamithra, Manoharan Ganeshkumar, K G Srinivasan, Mark Gurnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553610/diabetes-destiny-in-our-hands-achieving-metabolic-karma
#4
Sanjay Kalra, Jignesh Ved, Manash P Baruah
Karma is the ancient Indian philosophy of cause and effect, which implies that an individual's intentions, and actions, both have consequences. None can escape the consequences of one's actions. Applying the principle of karma to medicine and healthcare, the significance of optimal and timely interventions at various stages of disease, may be realized. A holistic approach to metabolic control in diabetes translates into improved clinical outcomes, as evident from the result of STENO-2, EMPA-REG OUTCOME, or LEADER trials...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553609/choice-of-insulin-in-type-2-diabetes-a-southeast-asian-perspective
#5
Sanjay Kalra, Hong Quang Thai, Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Goh Su-Yen, Mafauzy Mohamed, Tint Swe Latt, Than Than Aye, Zafar Ahmed Latif, Prasad Katulanda, Touch Khun, Sum Satha, Vadsana Vongvandy
Southeast Asia faces a diabetes epidemic, which has created significant challenges for health care. The unique Asian diabetes phenotype, coupled with peculiar lifestyle, diet, and healthcare-seeking behavior, makes it imperative to develop clinical pathways and guidelines which address local needs and requirements. From an insulin-centric viewpoint, the preparations prescribed in such pathways should be effective, safe, well tolerated, nonintrusive, and suitable for the use in multiple clinical situations including initiation and intensification...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553608/patient-centered-management-of-hypothyroidism
#6
Sanjay Kalra, Navneet Agarwal, Rashmi Aggarwal, Sameer Agarwal, Sarita Bajaj, Ganapathi Bantwal, A K Das, Sujoy Ghosh, Pritam Gupta, Deepak Khandelwal, Vijay Negalur, Banshi Saboo, Rakesh Sahay, Mangesh Tiwaskar, A G Unnikrishnan
This communication from the National Indian Patient-centered Thyroid management group (InPACT) deals with a novel, yet essential, aspect of hypothyroidism management. The authors describe the role and scope of patient-centered care in this condition. They focus on the relevance of a patient-centered clinical approach, which will help decide appropriate targets, as well as techniques to achieve those targets. Means of helping persons with hypothyroidism live a healthy life, such as education about precaution in concomitant food and medications intake, as well as sick day management, are discussed...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553607/characteristics-of-pediatric-pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma
#7
REVIEW
Vijaya Sarathi
The "rule of 10" used to describe pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas (PCC/PGLs) has been challenged. However, recent studies suggested that pediatric PCC/PGLs may follow a pattern. Hence, we reviewed the available literature to verify the same. We searched PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, and Google Scholar for studies describing the genotype and/or phenotype characteristics of pediatric PCC/PGL cohorts published after 2000 in English language and those with sample size more than 35 were included in this review. Pediatric PCC/PGLs were malignant in 10%, synchronous bilateral in 20%, extra-adrenal in 30%, among which, 30% were extra-abdominal and familial in 40%...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553606/endocrine-glands-and-hearing-auditory-manifestations-of-various-endocrine-and-metabolic-conditions
#8
REVIEW
Kripa Elizabeth Cherian, Nitin Kapoor, Suma Susan Mathews, Thomas Vizhalil Paul
The aetiology of hearing loss in humans is multifactorial. Besides genetic, environmental and infectious causes, several endocrine and metabolic abnormalities are associated with varying degrees of hearing impairment. The pattern of hearing loss may be conductive, sensori-neural or mixed. The neurophysiology of hearing as well as the anatomical structure of the auditory system may be influenced by changes in the hormonal and metabolic milieu. Optimal management of these conditions requires the integrated efforts of the otolaryngologist and the endocrinologist...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553605/management-of-glycemia-in-acute-febrile-illness
#9
REVIEW
Sanjay Kalra, Sameer Aggarwal, Deepak Khandelwal, Deep Dutta
With increasing the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes across the globe, a large number of patients with acute febrile illness (AFI) are likely to have concomitant diabetes or stress hyperglycemia. Management of associated hyperglycemia in patients with AFI is of utmost importance for early recovery and to prevent complications. There is no published literature, detailing the strategies and targets for glycemic control in AFI specifically; however, guidelines do exist for the management of hyperglycemia in hospitalized or outpatients in general...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553604/diabetes-care-inspiration-from-sikhism
#10
REVIEW
Gagan Priya, Sanjay Kalra, Inderpreet Kaur Dardi, Simarjeet Saini, Sameer Aggarwal, Ramanbir Singh, Harpreet Kaur, Gurinder Singh, Vipin Talwar, Parminder Singh, Brig J S Saini, Sandeep Julka, Rajeev Chawla, Sarita Bajaj, Devinder Singh
Religion has been proposed as a means of enhancing patient and community acceptance of diabetes and cultural specific motivational strategies to improve diabetes care. Sikhism is a young and vibrant religion, spread across the world and the Holy Scripture Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) is regarded as the living Guru by all Sikhs. The three key pillars of Sikhism are Kirat Karni (honest living), Vand Chakna (sharing with others) and Naam Japna (focus on God). They can help encourage the diabetes care provider, patient and community to engage in lifestyle modification, shared responsibility, positive thinking and stress management...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553603/an-audit-of-insulin-usage-and-insulin-injection-practices-in-a-large-indian-cohort
#11
Manash P Baruah, Sanjay Kalra, Saptarshi Bose, Jumi Deka
INTRODUCTION: Insulin remains the cornerstone of therapy in a substantial number of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Inadequate knowledge regarding insulin usage is likely to influence its acceptance and adherence, and outcome of therapy, underscoring great need to investigate knowledge, attitude, and practice of insulin usage in patients with T2DM. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional registry-based retrospective study analyzed data collected from 748 respondents (male: 466, female: 282), mostly from high or middle economic status, who were enrolled as outpatient in a referral clinic during last 10 years (2006-2016), to assess the general characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes and their baseline knowledge, attitude, and practice of insulin usage and injection practices...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553602/patterns-and-correlates-of-serum-magnesium-levels-in-subsets-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-nigeria
#12
Olatunde O Odusan, Oluranti Babatope Familoni, Adesina O Odewabi, Akolade O Idowu, Ayodeji S Adekolade
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) is the 4(th) most common mineral and the 2(nd) most abundant intracellular cation in the body. It plays major roles in various physiological activities and has been implicated in many disease states. AIM: The aim of this study was to study the patterns and correlates of serum Mg in cohorts of type 2 diabetic patients in Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients comprising 63 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) alone and 62 with diabetes and hypertension (HT) were compared with fifty controls matched for sex and age...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553601/pubertal-onset-in-apparently-healthy-indian-boys-and-impact-of-obesity
#13
Vineet Surana, Aashima Dabas, Rajesh Khadgawat, Raman Kumar Marwaha, V Sreenivas, M Ashraf Ganie, Nandita Gupta, Neena Mehan
OBJECTIVE: Primary - to determine the age of pubertal onset in Indian boys. Secondary - (a) to assess the impact of obesity on pubertal timing, (b) to assess the relationship between gonadotropins and puberty. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: General community-seven schools across New Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 1306 school boys, aged 6-17 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropometric measurement for weight and height and pubertal staging was performed for all subjects...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553600/knowledge-awareness-practices-and-adherence-to-treatment-of-patients-with-primary-hypothyroidism-in-delhi
#14
Pradeep Kumar, Deepak Khandelwal, Suresh Mittal, Deep Dutta, Sanjay Kalra, Pratima Katiyar, Vivek Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on knowledge, awareness, and practices (KAP) of patients with hypothyroidism in India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the KAP and adherence to treatment of participants with primary hypothyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in Endocrinology Outpatient Department of Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi. Two-fifty consecutive primary hypothyroidism participants, aged ≥18 years, who were on treatment for at least 3 months responded to a structured questionnaire, to assess their KAP about the disease and adherence to treatment...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553599/serum-vitamin-b12-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-on-metformin-compared-to-those-never-on-metformin-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Nishant Raizada, Viveka P Jyotsna, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Nikhil Tandon
CONTEXT: There are limited data about the effect of metformin use on serum Vitamin B12 levels in type 2 diabetes patients from India. AIMS: We studied serum Vitamin B12 levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were receiving metformin and compared them to those never treated with metformin. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 183 patients ("metformin" group 121, "no metformin" group 63) of type 2 diabetes from the endocrinology clinic of a tertiary care center in North India were studied...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553598/visual-evoked-potentials-in-overt-hypothyroid-patients-before-and-after-achievement-of-euthyroidism
#16
Aprajita, Geetanjali Sharma, Sameer Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Visual evoked potential (VEP) measures the time taken for visual stimulus to travel from the eye to the occipital cortex. Hypothyroidism affects the central nervous system (CNS) through its role in gene expression, myelin production, axonal transportation, and neurotransmitters. Delay in the conduction of impulses results in abnormal VEP. OBJECTIVE: Correlate the electrophysiological findings of VEP in newly diagnosed treatment-naive hypothyroid patients before and after 3 months of treatment and to find the correlation with serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553597/efficacy-of-teriparatide-in-patients-with-hypoparathyroidism-a-prospective-open-label-study
#17
Vimal Upreti, Shrikant Somani, Narendra Kotwal
CONTEXT: Conventional treatment of hypoparathyroidism with calcium, Vitamin D analogs, and thiazide diuretics is often suboptimal, and these patients have poor quality of life. Teriparatide (parathyroid hormone 1-34 [PTH (1-34)]), an amide of PTH, is widely available for the use in osteoporosis; however, its use in hypoparathyroidism is limited. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of PTH (1-34) in the treatment of patients with hypoparathyroidism...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553596/glycosylation-gap-in-patients-with-diabetes-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-healthy-participants-a-comparative-study
#18
Km Neelofar, Jamal Ahmad
AIM: The aim of this study it to determine the level of glycosylation gap in patients with type 2 diabetes and its relation with kidney dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 150 individuals were enrolled (aged 20-75 year) and divided into three groups. Group 1 included 50 nondiabetic individuals who served as control. Group 2 included 50 patients with type 2 diabetes without chronic kidney disease (CKD), and in Group 3, there were 50 patients with type 2 diabetes with CKD...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553595/does-one-size-fit-everyone-replacement-dose-of-levothyroxine-in-long-standing-primary-hypothyroidism-in-adults
#19
Rekha Singh
OBJECTIVES: The recommended starting dose of levothyroxine (LT4) in primary hypothyroidism is 1.6 μg/kg body weight and is based on presumption of minimal residual thyroid function in autoimmune hypothyroidism. This study aimed at finding the range and determining factors for LT4 dose in long-standing hypothyroidism. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of individuals with primary autoimmune hypothyroidism on LT4 replacement was done between March 2015 and January 2016...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553594/comparison-of-18f-fluorocholine-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-and-four-dimensional-computed-tomography-in-the-preoperative-localization-of-parathyroid-adenomas-initial-results
#20
Sameer K Taywade, Nishikant A Damle, Abhishek Behera, K Devasenathipathy, Chandrasekhar Bal, Madhavi Tripathi, Shipra Agarwal, Nikhil Tandon, Sunil Chumber, V Seenu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 18F-Fluorocholine (FCH)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and four-dimensional (4D)- CT in detection and localization of eutopic and ectopic parathyroid adenoma (PA) in patients with hyperparathyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with primary hyperparathyroidism underwent FCH-PET/CT after 60 min of 185 MBq of intravenous 18F-FCH administration. Images were acquired from head to mediastinum at 3 min per bed position...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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