journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643112/a-retrospective-study-of-antibiotic-de-escalation-in-patients-with-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-malaysia
#1
Rahela Ambaras Khan, Zoriah Aziz
Background Antibiotic de-escalation is an important strategy to conserve the effectiveness of broad-spectrum antibiotics. However, the outcome of this strategy for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) has not been widely studied in developing countries. Objectives To evaluate the outcome on intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, 28 days mortality, and length of ICU stay among VAP patients who receive de-escalation therapy. Setting This study was conducted in an ICU of a Malaysian public hospital...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626851/counselling-pregnant-women-at-the-crossroads-of-europe-and-asia-effect-of-teratology-information-service-in-turkey
#2
Yusuf Cem Kaplan, Barış Karadaş, Gözde Küçüksolak, Bartu Ediz, Ömer Demir, Kaan Sozmen, Hedvig Nordeng
Background Previous studies from western countries demonstrated the effectiveness of Teratology Information Service (TIS) counselling in reducing the teratogenic risk perception of pregnant women. Objective To assess whether TIS counselling would be effective in reducing the teratogenic risk perception of the Turkish pregnant women. Setting A TIS (Terafar) operating in a university hospital in Turkey. Methods A cross-sectional survey study. Pregnant women with non-teratogenic medication exposures were asked to assign scores on visual analogue scales (VAS) in response to the questions aiming to measure their teratogenic risk perception...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626850/prescribing-indicators-in-primary-health-care-in-belo-horizonte-brazil-associated-factors
#3
Marina Guimarães Lima, Kátia Reis Dutra, Ursula Carolina Morais Martins
Background The prescription is one of the factors that influences rational use of medicines. The evaluation of prescribing indicators should contribute to organization of primary health care services. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate prescribing indicators and associated factors in primary health care in the northeast health district, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Setting Twenty primary health care units in the Northeast Health District, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Method The study was cross sectional...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623568/evaluation-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-a-major-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#4
Lubna Gharaibeh, Hanan Sartawi, Diana Ayyad, Tareq Juma, Kamal Albassoumi, Enas Ismail
Background Venous thromboembolism is the most common preventable cause of hospital death. Despite that, there is still a large gap between what we know about venous thromboembolism prophylaxis and what is happening in current practice. Objective To evaluate VTE prophylaxis in Al-Basheer hospital and assess the extent of agreement of physicians' practice with the guidelines. Setting Al-Basheer governmental hospital in Jordan between January 2016 and June 2016. Method In this cross-sectional observational study, patients were randomly selected from medical and surgical wards...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620842/over-the-counter-medications-containing-diphenhydramine-and-doxylamine-used-by-older-adults-to-improve-sleep-a-letter
#5
LETTER
Bhuvaneshwari Sudershan, Ashwin Kamath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616683/general-practitioners-perceptions-of-the-current-status-and-pharmacists-contribution-to-primary-care-in-iceland
#6
Anna Bryndis Blondal, Jon Steinar Jonsson, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Anna Birna Almarsdottir
Background For the past several years pharmacists' responsibilities have expanded globally from traditional tasks of dispensing medications to collaborating with other health care professionals in patient care. Similar developments have not occurred in outpatient settings in Iceland. Objective The aim of this study was to explore Icelandic general practitioners' views on the current status of primary care, their perceptions of pharmacists as a health care profession, and their attitudes towards future GP-pharmacist collaboration in primary care in Iceland...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608330/opioid-analgesic-use-in-australia-and-the-netherlands-a-cross-country-comparison
#7
Francisca N Wagemaakers, Samantha A Hollingworth, Sanne Kreijkamp-Kaspers, Ernest H L Tee, Anne J Leendertse, Mieke L van Driel
Background Increasing use of opioid analgesics (OA) has been reported worldwide. Objective To compare the use of OA in two countries in order to better understand these trends. Setting Outpatient settings in Australia and The Netherlands. Method We analysed publicly available government data on outpatient OA dispensing over 15 years (2000-2014). We compared dispensing trends for specific OA and explored medical (national clinical guidelines), contextual and policy-related factors to explain differences in use between the two countries...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608329/assessment-of-evidence-based-practice-among-hospital-pharmacists-in-saudi-arabia-attitude-awareness-and-practice
#8
Abdulrazaq S Al-Jazairi, Reem Alharbi
Background Many studies have previously looked at the perceptions, attitude, and use of Evidence-based Practice (EBP) among healthcare providers. However, limited data is available on the implementation of EBP among pharmacists in general, and Saudi Arabia in particular. Objective To evaluate the awareness, attitude, and practice of EBP among hospital practicing pharmacists in Saudi Arabia. Setting Secondary and tertiary care hospitals in Saudi Arabia with a bed capacity of ≥200 Methods This is a cross sectional, survey-based study where a validated selfadministrated questionnaire was utilized...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597176/self-management-research-of-asthma-and-good-drug-use-smaragd-study-a-pilot-trial
#9
Esther Kuipers, Michel Wensing, Peter de Smet, Martina Teichert
Background Community pharmacists play an important role in supporting patients for optimal drug use. Objective To assess the effectiveness of monitoring in asthma patients with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on disease control. Setting Asthma patients using ICS were invited from two intervention (IG) and two control pharmacies (CG). Method Participating patients completed questionnaires at the study start and at 6-month follow-up, including the Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT) questionnaire...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597175/distribution-of-cyp2c19-polymorphisms-in-mongolian-and-han-nationals-and-the-choice-of-specific-antiplatelet-drugs
#10
Jing Li, YueXi Wang, HuPing Wang
Background Individualized medication reviews may improve our understanding of the distribution of CYP2C19 polymorphisms in ethnic populations. Objective To evaluate differences in CYP2C19 gene polymorphisms between Mongolian and Han nationals and determine the effect of adjustments of antiplatelet treatments according to the genetic profile in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Setting Prospective, observational, single-center study. Methods 397 patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome were enrolled...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597174/unlicensed-and-off-label-use-of-drugs-in-pediatric-surgical-units-at-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-pakistan
#11
Muhammad Aamir, Jamshaid Ali Khan, Faisal Shakeel, Syed Muhammad Asim
Background Unlicensed and off-label prescribing practice is global dilemma around the world. This pioneering study was designed to determine unlicensed and off-label use of drug in surgical wards of tertiary care hospitals of Pakistan. Objective To assess unlicensed and off-label use of drugs in pediatric surgical unit at three tertiary care hospitals in Peshawar, Pakistan. Setting Two government and one private tertiary care hospitals in Pakistan. Method Drug profiles of 895 patients from three different clinical settings were evaluated for unlicensed and off-label use of drugs using Micromedex DRUGDEX...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597173/problems-interventions-and-their-outcomes-during-the-routine-work-of-hospital-pharmacists-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#12
Gordana Ljubojević, Branislava Miljković, Tatjana Bućma, Milica Ćulafić, Milica Prostran, Sandra Vezmar Kovačević
Background In the last 30 years, activities of hospital pharmacists have gone through significant changes. Pharmacists are increasingly involved in patient care. Objectives To explore drug-related and logistic problems, interventions, and their outcomes during routine everyday work of hospital pharmacists. Setting Institute for physical medicine and rehabilitation, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods In the period of January 2013-October 2015 a prospective observational study was performed. Medical doctors, nurses, therapists, and patients addressed pharmacists, face-to-face or by telephone, with drug-related problems (DRPs) and/or logistic issues...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573439/using-pharmacy-management-systems-for-research-survival-outcomes-for-lenalidomide-in-multiple-myeloma-in-the-clinical-setting
#13
Megan M Sharkey, Daniel McKavanagh, Euan Walpole, Peter Mollee, Samantha A Hollingworth
Background Health records can be used to measure medicine use and health outcomes. The public subsidy of lenalidomide in Australia was based on two phase III trials showing improved survival. Objective To use hospital pharmacy information management systems to determine survival outcomes for lenalidomide as a second line treatment in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients. Setting Five public hospitals in Queensland, Australia. Method We extracted data on medicine use and survival for RRMM patients planned to start lenalidomide from pharmacy management and pathology databases...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573438/the-incidence-and-severity-of-errors-in-pharmacist-written-discharge-medication-orders
#14
Raliat Onatade, Sara Sawieres, Alexandra Veck, Lindsay Smith, Shivani Gore, Sumiah Al-Azeib
Background Errors in discharge prescriptions are problematic. When hospital pharmacists write discharge prescriptions improvements are seen in the quality and efficiency of discharge. There is limited information on the incidence of errors in pharmacists' medication orders. Objective To investigate the extent and clinical significance of errors in pharmacist-written discharge medication orders. Setting 1000-bed teaching hospital in London, UK. Method Pharmacists in this London hospital routinely write discharge medication orders as part of the clinical pharmacy service...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555421/improving-medication-adherence-among-community-dwelling-seniors-with-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-of-interventions
#15
Edeltraut Kröger, Ovidiu Tatar, Isabelle Vedel, Anik M C Giguère, Philippe Voyer, Laurence Guillaumie, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Line Guénette
Background Medication non-adherence may lead to poor therapeutic outcomes. Cognitive functions deteriorate with age, contributing to decreased adherence. Interventions have been tested to improve adherence in seniors with cognitive impairment or Alzheimer disease (AD), but high-quality systematic reviews are lacking. It remains unclear which interventions are promising. Objectives We conducted a systematic review to identify, describe, and evaluate interventions aimed at improving medication adherence among seniors with any type of cognitive impairment...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555420/limited-sampling-strategy-for-predicting-busulfan-exposure-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients
#16
Jing-Jing Huang, Bing Chen, Jiong Hu, Wan-Hua Yang
Background Optimization of the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of busulfan, an essential component of conditioning regimens, improves the outcomes in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Traditional sampling methods for calculating AUC require multiple sampling. Objective To establish a limited sampling strategy for predicting the AUC0-12 of intravenous busulfan for Chinese adult patients prior to HSCT. Methods The pharmacokinetics of twice-daily intravenous busulfan was studied in forty-five Chinese adult patients...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555419/assessing-guideline-concordant-prescribing-for-community-acquired-pneumonia
#17
Kaci Thiessen, Ann E Lloyd, Michael J Miller, Juell Homco, Brooke Gildon, Katherine S O'Neal
Background Current reports of outpatient antimicrobial prescribing practices may overestimate guideline concordance since they address only drug selection. Appropriate stewardship should consider all prescribing criteria (i.e., dose, frequency, duration, and route of administration) to fully assess guideline concordance. Objective Using a community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) example, the aims of this pilot study were to estimate guideline concordance in adult patients 18 years or older when all prescribing criteria are considered, and provide recommendations to optimize treatment...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550348/medication-regimen-complexity-and-prevalence-of-potentially-inappropriate-medicines-in-older-patients-after-hospitalisation
#18
Wei Terk Chang, Stefan R Kowalski, Wassana Sorich, Christopher P Alderman
Background There is a relative paucity of information to characterise potential changes in medication regimen complexity and prevalence of prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications after hospitalisation, both in Australia and elsewhere. Objective To evaluate medication regimen complexity and the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications before and after admission to hospital. Setting General medical units of a tertiary care hospital in Australia. Methods Retrospective cohort study of patients aged 65 years and above...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547729/doctors-and-nurses-perceptions-of-a-ward-based-pharmacist-in-rural-northern-sweden
#19
Maria Sjölander, Maria Gustafsson, Gisselle Gallego
Background This project is part of the prospective quasi experimental proof-of-concept investigation of clinical pharmacist intervention study to reduce drug-related problems among people admitted to a ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Objective To explore doctors' and nurses' perceptions and expectations of having a ward-based pharmacist providing clinical pharmacy services. Setting Medical ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Method Eighteen face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of doctors and nurses working on the ward where the clinical pharmacy service was due to be implemented...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540466/drug-utilization-evaluation-of-albumin-in-a-teaching-hospital-of-mashhad-iran-an-interventional-pre-post-design-study
#20
Farzaneh Zolfagharian, Saba Ghazanfari, Sepideh Elyasi, Paria Iraji, Mohammad Reza Saberi, Nasser Vahdati-Mashhadian, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour
Background Albumin is a protein colloidal solution with limited availability and high cost. It should be used in such approved indications as paracentesis, extensive burn, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and nephrotic syndrome. Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the appropriateness of albumin usage before and after an evidence-based guideline. Setting Four wards of Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Method An interventional pre-post design study was performed on 2 groups of patients; in gGroup 1 as a preparation phase group in 6 months from February 2015 to July 2015 and Group 2 as an interventional group from September 2015 to February 2016...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
journal
journal
43477
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"