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International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417303/paediatric-in-patient-prescribing-errors-in-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#1
Teik Beng Khoo, Jing Wen Tan, Hoong Phak Ng, Chong Ming Choo, Intan Nor Chahaya Bt Abdul Shukor, Siao Hean Teh
Background There is a lack of large comprehensive studies in developing countries on paediatric in-patient prescribing errors in different settings. Objectives To determine the characteristics of in-patient prescribing errors among paediatric patients. Setting General paediatric wards, neonatal intensive care units and paediatric intensive care units in government hospitals in Malaysia. Methods This is a cross-sectional multicentre study involving 17 participating hospitals. Drug charts were reviewed in each ward to identify the prescribing errors...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417302/abstracts-pcne-working-conference-2017-bled-slovenia-1-3-february-2017-pharm-care-bled-build-lead-engage-disseminate
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391441/self-medication-with-antibiotics-in-serbian-households-a-case-for-action
#3
Ana Tomas, Milica Paut Kusturica, Zdenko Tomić, Olga Horvat, Daniela Djurović Koprivica, Dragica Bukumirić, Ana Sabo
Background Irregular antibiotic use, including self-medication contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. One method of accessing antibiotic use in the community is through obtaining an in house inventory of drugs. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of storage and self-medication with antibiotics agents in households in Novi Sad, Serbia. Setting Households in Novi Sad. Method The study was performed during a 4-month period (October 2015-January 2016) using a sample of 112 households in Novi Sad, Serbia...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386700/clinical-efficacy-of-anti-vegf-medications-for-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-a-meta-analysis
#4
Shangli Ji, Yemei Wei, Jiansu Chen, Shibo Tang
Background Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a widespread retinal disorder, and 30-50% of patients eventually result in retinal pigment epithelium atrophy and irreversible vision loss. Aim of the review To evaluate the effectiveness of medications based on anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) on central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Method A systematic search on anti-VEGF medication treatments for CSC was performed in Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library prior to May 2016. The main outcome variables were best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT)...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382584/a-survey-of-attitudes-practices-and-knowledge-regarding-drug-drug-interactions-among-medical-residents-in-iran
#5
Ehsan Nabovati, Hasan Vakili-Arki, Zhila Taherzadeh, Mohammad Reza Saberi, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Saeid Eslami
Background When prescribing medications, physicians should recognize clinically relevant potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs). To improve medication safety, it is important to understand prescribers' knowledge and opinions pertaining to DDIs. Objective To determine the current DDI information sources used by medical residents, their knowledge of DDIs, their opinions about performance feedback on co-prescription of interacting drugs. Setting Academic hospitals of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS) in Iran...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382583/use-and-safety-of-denosumab-in-cancer-patients
#6
Alba Manzaneque, Cristian Chaguaceda, Mireia Mensa, Carla Bastida, Natàlia Creus-Baró
Background Few data have been reported on the use and safety of denosumab in patients with solid tumors and bone metastasis in clinical practice. Objectives To describe the use of denosumab and to analyze its adverse effects (AE) in tertiary hospital cancer outpatients. Methods Retrospective study of patients who started denosumab between January 2013 and June 2015. We recorded demographic, clinical, and treatment-related variables, as well as the reasons for discontinuation and AE. Results The study population comprised 104 patients, of whom 86 (82...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374343/factors-relevant-to-medication-non-adherence-in-kidney-transplant-a-systematic-review
#7
Stephanie Belaiche, Bertrand Décaudin, Sébastien Dharancy, Christian Noel, Pascal Odou, Marc Hazzan
Background Medication non-adherence is a major issue after transplant that can lead to misdiagnosis, rejection, poor health affecting quality of life, graft loss or death. Several estimations of adherence and related factors have previously been described but conclusions leave doubt as to the most accurate assessment method. Aim of the review To identify the factors most relevant to medication non-adherence in kidney transplant in current clinical practice. Method This systematic review is registered in the PROSPERO data base and follows the Prisma checklist...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374342/the-effect-of-intravenous-isosorbide-dinitrate-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-in-hospital
#8
Jérémy Chambord, David Attivi, Véronique Thuus, Claire Zeghmouli, Stéphane Gibaud
Background According to new recommendations for the management of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in 2015, intravenous vasodilator therapy might be given as an early therapy when systolic blood pressure is normal to high (≥110 mmHg). Only 29% of patients with ADHF are treated with vasodilators without medical contraindication. Objective To evaluate the effect of the systematic use of ISDN on ADHF without contraindication especially on rehospitalization rate. Settings The 600-bed hospital (Centre Hospitalier de l'Ouest Vosgien, Neufchâteau, France)...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374341/the-frequency-and-nature-of-medication-errors-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
Mostafa A Sayed Ali, Christina Milad Lobos, Mohamed Aboel-Kassem F Abdelmegid, Ahmed Moustafa El-Sayed
Background Cardiovascular medications have been commonly associated with medication errors. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and predictors of medication errors in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Setting the coronary care unit of a university teaching hospital. Methods This was a prospective observational study on 150 patients admitted to the coronary care unit between August 2014 and July 2015. Main outcome measure The principal outcome was the number (frequency) of encountered medication errors...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361456/transition-of-stable-patients-from-traditional-anticoagulation-clinic-services-to-telephonic-management
#10
Brian T Cryder, Margaret A Felczak, Adwoa Darkwa, Hiral Patel, Justine D Janociak, Rami Rihani
Background Outpatient warfarin dosing and monitoring with telephonic anticoagulation management (TAM) could be an effective alternative to other more labor intensive management models. Objectives To evaluate the time in therapeutic range (TTR) and number of extreme INR values (<1.5 or >4.5) of a telephonic system of warfarin management for stable patients who currently utilized traditional anticoagulation management services (AMSs). Method A retrospective, observational cohort with three groups (1) patients transitioned from an office-based anticoagulation clinic to TAM, (2) patients continuously enrolled in office-based AMS, (3) patients continuously managed by usual physician care without specialized anticoagulation services (UPC)...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357623/impact-of-pharmaceutical-care-on-pain-and-agitation-in-a-medical-intensive-care-unit-in-thailand
#11
Pitchaya Dilokpattanamongkol, Viratch Tangsujaritvijit, Thanarat Suansanae, Chuthamanee Suthisisang
Background Currently, a lack of pharmaceutical care exists concerning pain and agitation in medical intensive care units (MICU) in Thailand. Pharmaceutical care focusing on analgesics/sedatives would improve clinical outcomes. Objective To investigate the impact of pharmaceutical care of pain and agitation on ICU length of stay (LOS), hospital LOS, ventilator days and mortality. Setting The MICU of a university hospital. Method A before/after study was conducted on mechanically ventilated patients receiving analgesics/sedatives...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349341/knowledge-and-opinion-of-pharmacists-on-emergency-contraceptive-pills-in-hungary
#12
Melinda Vanya, Maria Matuz, Ria Benko, Reka Viola, Attila Horvath-Sziklai, Gyongyvér Soos, Gyorgy Bartfai
Background Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are used to prevent unintended pregnancy. There is a worldwide intention to improve access to ECPs; therefore, identifying potential barriers to introducing over-the counter (OTC) access is of utmost importance. As pharmacists are the key personnel to convey accurate drug information, their knowledge and attitude on ECPs is important. Objective We aimed to conduct a nationwide study to assess pharmacists' knowledge on ECPs and to survey their opinion on sales category change of ECPs (i...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315116/evaluating-the-prevalence-of-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-adults-in-intermediate-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#13
Anna Millar, Carmel Hughes, Cristín Ryan
Background Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) [encompassing potentially inappropriate medicines (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs)], is prevalent amongst older adults in primary and secondary care. However, PIP prevalence in intermediate care (IC) is unknown. Objective To determine the prevalence of PIMs/PPOs and associated patient factors. Setting Three IC facilities in Northern Ireland. Method The Screening Tool of Older People's Prescriptions and the Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment were used to identify PIP over 8 weeks...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315115/interprofessional-communication-between-community-pharmacists-and-general-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#14
Marina Weissenborn, Walter E Haefeli, Frank Peters-Klimm, Hanna M Seidling
Background While collaboration between community pharmacists (CPs) and general practitioners (GPs) is essential to provide comprehensive patient care, their communication often is scarce and hampered by multiple barriers. Objective We aimed to assess both professions' perceptions of interprofessional communication with regard to content and methods of communication as a basis to subsequently develop best-practice recommendations for information exchange. Setting Ambulatory care setting in Germany. Method CPs and GPs shared their experience in focus groups and in-depth interviews which were conducted using a semi-structured interview guideline...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299527/do-pharmacists-use-social-media-for-patient-care
#15
Arcelio Benetoli, Timothy F Chen, Marion Schaefer, Betty Chaar, Parisa Aslani
Background Social media are frequently used by consumers and healthcare professionals. However, it is not clear how pharmacists use social media as part of their daily professional practice. Objective This study investigated the role social media play in pharmacy practice, particularly in patient care and how pharmacists interact online with patients and laypeople. Setting Face-to-face, telephone, or Skype interviews with practising pharmacists (n = 31) from nine countries. Method In-depth semi-structured interviews; audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285390/improving-communication-of-medication-changes-using-a-pharmacist-prepared-discharge-medication-management-summary
#16
Choon Ean Ooi, Olivia Rofe, Michelle Vienet, Rohan A Elliott
Background Discontinuity of care between hospital and primary care is often due to poor information transfer. Medication information in medical discharge summaries (DS) is often incomplete or incorrect. The effectiveness and feasibility of hospital pharmacists communicating medication information, including changes made in the hospital, is not clearly defined. Objective To explore the impact of a pharmacist-prepared Discharge Medication Management Summary (DMMS) on the accuracy of information about medication changes provided to patients' general practitioners (GPs)...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281228/development-of-a-risk-score-for-qtc-prolongation-the-risq-path-study
#17
Eline Vandael, Bert Vandenberk, Joris Vandenberghe, Isabel Spriet, Rik Willems, Veerle Foulon
Background More than 170 drugs are linked with QTc-prolongation, which in extreme cases can lead to Torsade de Pointes. Monitoring of this potential side effect is an important challenge in clinical practice. Objective To investigate the risk of QTc-prolongation in hospital patients who started a QTc-prolonging drug, and to develop a risk score to identify patients at high/low risk for QTc-prolongation. Setting University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium. Method All patients starting with haloperidol or a QTc-prolonging antibiotic/antimycotic were eligible for this observational study...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281227/patient-preferences-regarding-atrial-fibrillation-stroke-prophylaxis-in-patients-at-potential-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Nicholas T Edwards, Erica D Greanya, I Fan Kuo, Peter S Loewen, Celia L Culley
Background With an increasing number of options for atrial fibrillation (AF) stroke prophylaxis, there are several medication-related factors to consider. This study aimed to gain a better understanding of which preference factors influence patient decisions when selecting AF stroke prophylaxis. Objective To determine the factors that influence patient stroke prophylaxis decisions and preferred therapeutic options. Methods A questionnaire about AF stroke prophylaxis medication options was distributed to participants at risk of AF...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281226/polypharmacotherapy-and-blood-products-as-risk-factors-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-postsurgical-patients-a-case-control-study
#19
Alenka Premuš Marušič, Daniel Petrovič, Aleš Mrhar, Igor Locatelli
Background After surgical procedures, patients are at high risk of developing venous thromboembolism, clinically manifested as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). Objective To evaluate the influence of polypharmacotherapy, comorbidity, drug treatments, packed red blood cells application, adequacy of thromboprophylaxis, and patient characteristics on the occurrence of DVT or PE in postsurgical patients. Setting The surgical department at Murska Sobota General Hospital, Slovenia. Methods In this retrospective case control study, the records of 286 surgical patients were analysed: DVT or PE group (n = 144) and control group (n = 142)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281225/difficulties-in-swallowing-oral-medications-in-jordan
#20
Linda Tahaineh, Mayyada Wazaify
Background Difficulties swallowing oral medications can affect patient compliance and consequently can compromise patient health. Objective To investigate the prevalence of difficulties in swallowing oral medications among a sample of the Jordanian population and the techniques used to overcome such difficulties. Setting The study was carried out in outpatient pharmacies in the north of Jordan. Method Adult patients who were taking at least one solid oral dosage form for at least 1 month were interviewed using a questionnaire...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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