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International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915426/impact-of-a-medication-therapy-management-service-on-the-clinical-status-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Kirla B Detoni, Isabela V Oliveira, Mariana M G Nascimento, Thaís R Caux, Mateus R Alves, Djenane Ramalho-de-Oliveira
Background At this moment, there is no information in the literature showing the impact of comprehensive medication management (CMM) service delivered to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objective This study aims to present the clinical outcomes of this service provided to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Settings Public specialty pharmacy where high cost drug treatments are provided for medical conditions not covered by the primary care such as COPD, located in Minas Gerais State, Brazil...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905078/improving-the-provision-of-otc-medication-information-in-community-pharmacies-in-poland
#2
Anna Piecuch, Magdalena Makarewicz-Wujec, Małgorzata Kozłowska-Wojciechowska
Background An informed or shared decision-making model is desirable to support the choice of over-the-counter (OTC) medications in pharmacies: it respects patient empowerment in self-medication. Such a model is achievable provided that pharmacists are a credible, competent information source open to patient needs. Objective To study the dependencies among selected factors that may influence the provision of OTC medication information. The study was conducted from the perspective of a community pharmacist. Method The study consisted of an auditorium survey with a self-administered questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905077/improving-shared-decision-making-in-adolescents-through-antibiotic-education
#3
I W Ngadimon, F Islahudin, N Mohamed Shah, E Md Hatah, M Makmor-Bakry
Background Shared decision-making is vital in achieving desired drug therapy goals, especially with antibiotics, in view of the potential long-term reduction in drug resistance. However, shared decision-making is rarely practiced with adolescent patients. Objectives The aim of the study was to identify the effect antibiotic education has on willingness to engage in shared decision-making among adolescents in Malaysia. Setting Participants from secondary schools in Malaysia were enrolled with ethical approval...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905076/improvement-of-time-in-therapeutic-range-with-warfarin-by-pharmaceutical-intervention
#4
Alvaro Víquez-Jaikel, Victoria Hall-Ramírez, Allan Ramos-Esquivel
Background Anticoagulation therapy with warfarin is highly effective for prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Nevertheless, its management is challenging especially in developing countries, where the medical access is difficult and patient education is poor. Objective To determine the effect of pharmaceutical intervention (PI) on the time in therapeutic range (TTR) of a group of anticoagulated patients from our referral center. Method A group of consecutive outpatients previously treated by usual medical care underwent PI...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905075/a-description-of-medication-errors-reported-by-pharmacists-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Shane Pawluk, Myriam Jaam, Fatima Hazi, Moza Sulaiman Al Hail, Wessam El Kassem, Hanan Khalifa, Binny Thomas, Pallivalappila Abdul Rouf
Background Patients in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) are at an increased risk for medication errors. Objective The objective of this study is to describe the nature and setting of medication errors occurring in patients admitted to an NICU in Qatar based on a standard electronic system reported by pharmacists. Setting Neonatal intensive care unit, Doha, Qatar. Method This was a retrospective cross-sectional study on medication errors reported electronically by pharmacists in the NICU between January 1, 2014 and April 30, 2015...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905074/community-pharmacist-perceptions-of-delivering-post-hospital-discharge-medicines-use-reviews-for-elderly-patients
#6
Paul Rutter, Helen Ramsbottom, Ray Fitzpatrick
Background The UK's Department of Health has recommended that formal communication channels between hospital and community pharmacy should be established so that post discharge Medicines Use Reviews (dMUR) become an integral part of the medicines pathway. Objective To investigate the perspective of community pharmacists on the usefulness of dMUR referrals from hospital, the suitability of patients referred and overall views on the service. Method Self-completed survey distributed to 21 community pharmacists who had received referrals from the hospital during a 9-month randomized controlled feasibility study...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888454/availability-and-quality-of-illegitimate-somatropin-products-obtained-from-the-internet
#7
Róbert György Vida, András Fittler, Ivett Mikulka, Eszter Ábrahám, Viktor Sándor, Ferenc Kilár, Lajos Botz
Background Growth hormones are widely available on the Internet for those who want to enhance their physical performance and improve body satisfaction. Illegitimate websites market somatropin injections without medical prescription and encourage misuse. Customers potentially put their health at risk when purchasing parenteral medications online. Objective The objective of our study was to evaluate the online market of no-prescription somatropin products and to analyse and document Internet pharmacy characteristics, distribution and pharmaceutical quality...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888453/evaluation-of-nucleoside-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitor-dosing-during-continuous-veno-venous-hemofiltration
#8
Milena M McLaughlin, Inela Masic, Lana Gerzenshtein
Background Unpredictable drug concentrations may lead to suboptimal exposure to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) due to inadequate doses administered during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH), which in turn may lead to decreased antiretroviral efficacy and possibly further HIV disease progression. Objective To compare administered doses of NRTIs to calculated doses of NRTIs to evaluate if patients were expected to have a favorable pharmacokinetic exposure profile while receiving CVVH...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878750/the-relationship-between-patients-knowledge-of-diabetes-therapeutic-goals-and-self-management-behaviour-including-adherence
#9
Mohammad Waheedi, Abdelmoneim Awad, Hind T Hatoum, Hannes Enlund
: Background The Middle East region has one the highest prevalence rates of diabetes in the world. Little is known about the determinants of adherence and the role of knowledge in diabetes self-management within these populations. Objective To investigate the relationship between patients knowledge of diabetes therapeutic targets with adherence to self-care measures in a sample of patients with type 2 diabetes in Kuwait. Setting Primary care chronic care clinics within the Ministry of Health of Kuwait...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864732/impact-of-pharmaceutical-care-on-cardiovascular-risk-among-older-hiv-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#10
Elza Aparecida Machado Domingues, Mónica Ferrit-Martín, Miguel Ángel Calleja-Hernández
Background Advances in the treatment of HIV infection have enabled better control of the disease, allowing patients to enjoy a longer life expectancy. However, the ageing of patients leads to an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Various studies have found that pharmaceutical care results in better control of cardiovascular risk factors. Objective To measure the impact of pharmaceutical care on cardiovascular risk in patients older than 50 years receiving combination antiretroviral therapy. Setting Outpatient pharmacy service of a tertiary hospital, Spain...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848173/assessing-pharmacists-readiness-to-prescribe-oral-antibiotics-for-limited-infections-using-a-case-vignette-technique
#11
Elizabeth Ung, Petra Czarniak, Bruce Sunderland, Richard Parsons, Kreshnik Hoti
Background Pharmacist's skills are underutilized whilst they are directly involved with antibiotic supply to the community. Addressing this issue could lead to better use of antibiotics and hence decreased resistance. Objective Explore how pharmacists can prescribe oral antibiotics to treat a limited range of infections whilst focusing on their confidence and appropriateness of prescribing. Setting Community pharmacies, Western Australia. Method Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire also containing case vignettes...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832404/pharmacist-only-trimethoprim-pharmacist-satisfaction-on-their-training-and-the-impact-on-their-practice
#12
Rhiannon Braund, Emily Henderson, Erica McNab, Rachel Sarten, Emily Wallace, Natalie Gauld
Background In 2012, in a first for the developed world, New Zealand reclassified trimethoprim to allow specially trained pharmacists to supply the medicine without a prescription to women with cystitis fitting specific criteria. Objective This study explored pharmacists' views of the training and screening tool, impact on practice, and the pharmacists' perceptions of views of patients and doctors. Methods Structured interviews were conducted with 28 New Zealand pharmacists trained to supply trimethoprim. These pharmacists were selected to represent geographical spread as well as urban, suburban and rural...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817174/the-pharmacists-awareness-knowledge-and-attitude-about-childhood-autism-in-istanbul
#13
Nimet Emel Luleci, Seyhan Hidiroglu, Melda Karavus, Ahmet Karavus, Furkan Fatih Sanver, Fatih Ozgur, Mehmethan Celik, Samed Cihad Celik
Background Being one of the key players in healthcare, pharmacists could have an important role in the early detection and care of children with autism, by familiarizing themselves with autism-related resources and helping families to find relevant professional resources. Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the awareness of pharmacists about autism, and their knowledge and attitude towards autism. Setting İstanbul Province of Turkey. Method This descriptive study was carried out in pharmacists working in Istanbul Province of Turkey in 7 municipalities out of 39...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817173/current-perceptions-of-the-term-clinical-pharmacy-and-its-relationship-to-pharmaceutical-care-a-survey-of-members-of-the-european-society-of-clinical-pharmacy
#14
Tobias Dreischulte, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
Background The definitions that are being used for the terms 'clinical pharmacy' and 'pharmaceutical care' seem to have a certain overlap. Responsibility for therapy outcomes seems to be especially linked to the latter term. Both terms need clarification before a proper definition of clinical pharmacy can be drafted. Objective To identify current disagreements regarding the term 'Clinical Pharmacy' and its relationship to 'Pharmaceutical Care' and to assess to which extent pharmacists with an interest in Clinical Pharmacy are willing to accept responsibility for drug therapy outcomes...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817172/drug-utilization-review-of-cephalosporins-in-a-secondary-care-hospital-in-united-arab-emirates
#15
Mohammad Abou-Shaaban, Areeg Anwer Ali, Padma G M Rao, Asif Majid
Background Cephalosporins are one of the most commonly used antibiotics in United Arab Emirates (UAE). Few studies have been carried out to evaluate the antibiotic utilization pattern in UAE in spite of the obvious increase in cephalosporins resistance during the past decade. Objective To assess the prescriptions pattern of cephalosporins among physicians at a secondary care hospital in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE. Method This observational prospective study was carried out during October 2013 to April 2014. The data of in patients were documented in the predesigned patient profile form and was analyzed for patient's, drug's and drug's therapy related parameters...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817171/comparing-medication-adherence-tools-scores-and-number-of-controlled-diseases-among-low-literacy-patients-discharged-from-a-brazilian-cardiology-ward
#16
Patrícia Carvalho Baruel Okumura, Lucas Miyake Okumura, Wálleri Christini Torelli Reis, Rangel Ray Godoy, Bianca de Oliveira Cata-Preta, Thais Teles de Souza, Maria Luiza Drechsel Fávero, Cassyano Januário Correr
Background Adherence to prescribed drug therapy is associated with lower rates of cardiovascular causes of death. In view of the relevance for public health, it is important to understand the relation between medication adherence tools' scores, especially in low literacy patients discharged from a cardiology ward. Objectives We aimed to assess: (a) the association between number of controlled clinical conditions and adherence tools scores, and (b) the correlation between the scores of three instruments to assess adherence...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817170/hospital-pharmacists-seen-through-the-eyes-of-physicians-qualitative-semi-structured-interviews
#17
Clare Béchet, Renaud Pichon, André Giordan, Pascal Bonnabry
Background Pharmacist-physician collaboration can lead to many positive outcomes. However, collaboration between healthcare providers is complex and rarely performed optimally. Objectives To study physician-pharmacist collaboration in hospital settings, from the physician's point of view. Setting Eight regional non-teaching hospital facilities, within a local area of northwest Switzerland, supplied by an independent central pharmacy. Method Physicians were sampled using a maximal variation purposive method...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817169/development-and-content-validation-of-an-assessment-tool-for-medicine-compounding-on-hospital-wards
#18
Eeva Suvikas-Peltonen, Eija Granfors, Ercan Celikkayalar, Raisa Laaksonen, Joni Palmgren, Marja Airaksinen
Background Medicines should be compounded by using an aseptic technique to assure patient safety. The parenteral administration of microbiologically contaminated doses can result in bacteriaemia, other morbidity and even death. Objective The purpose was to develop and content validate an assessment tool for medicine compounding on hospital wards suitable for self-assessment and external audit to ensure the safety of medicine compounding on wards. Setting Finland as setting. Method The first draft of the tool was based on ISMP "Guidelines for safe preparation of sterile compounds" and a systematic literature search...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783313/the-status-of-the-performance-of-medication-reviews-in-german-community-pharmacies-and-assessment-of-the-practical-performance
#19
Claudia Greißing, Katharina Kössler, Johanna Freyer, Lucie Hüter, Peter Buchal, Susanne Schiek, Thilo Bertsche
Background Pharmacist-led medication reviews have shown to prevent drug-related problems (DRPs). So far, data is rare about the implementation in routine care, the conditions for intensifying this service and the practical skills of community pharmacists to perform medication reviews. Objective To assess the current status of medication review implementation in German community pharmacies and the performance of identifying DRPs in a ficticious patient example. Setting German community pharmacies. Method An online survey was conducted from July to September 2015 including questions about medication reviews currently performed in routine care of community pharmacies and hidden DRPs in a ficticious patient example...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766501/pharmaceutical-care-as-narrative-practice-rethinking-patient-centered-care-through-a-pharmacist-s-perspective
#20
Janine Naß, Mita Banerjee, Thomas Efferth, Anita Wohlmann
Illness is a disruptive experience that requires high-quality care. The best evidence-based medical treatment risks losing some of its efficacy, however, when patients feel misunderstood when faced with the complexity of their experiences. They might stop treatment, refuse to disclose relevant information or seek unsound alternatives. A narrative-based approach to health care understands the patient's case history as a narrative that can be read or analyzed like a story. In other words, this approach honors individual illness experiences through the stories that patients tell...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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