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International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

Janine Naß, Mita Banerjee, Thomas Efferth, Anita Wohlmann
Illness is a disruptive experience that requires high-quality care. The best evidence-based medical treatment risks losing some of its efficacy, however, when patients feel misunderstood when faced with the complexity of their experiences. They might stop treatment, refuse to disclose relevant information or seek unsound alternatives. A narrative-based approach to health care understands the patient's case history as a narrative that can be read or analyzed like a story. In other words, this approach honors individual illness experiences through the stories that patients tell...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Raliat Onatade, Gavin Miller, Inderjit Sanghera
Background Several clinical pharmacy activities are common to UK hospitals. It is not clear whether these are provided at similar levels, and whether they take similar amounts of time to carry out. Objective To quantify and compare clinical pharmacist ward activities between different UK hospitals. Setting Seven acute hospitals in the Greater London area (UK). Methods A list of common ward activities was developed. On five consecutive days, pharmacists visiting hospital wards documented total time spent and how many of each activity they undertook...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Paweł Paśko, Tomasz Rodacki, Renata Domagała-Rodacka, Danuta Owczarek
Background Overactive bladder syndrome is a condition where one or more of the symptoms such as pollakiuria, urgent need to urinate, nocturia and urinary incontinence is observed. Its prevalence ranges between 7 and 27 % in men and 9-43 % in women. The role of a pharmacist is to educate the patient on medications administration scheme, and drug interactions with particular food or food components. Aim of the review To assess a potential impact of food and fruit juice on the pharmacokinetic and therapeutic effects of medications used in treating overactive bladder syndrome...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Maria Clara Padovani de Souza, Andrezza Gouvêa Dos Santos, Adriano Max Moreira Reis
Background The inappropriate use of systemic antifungal agents can result in unnecessary exposure, adverse events, increased microbial resistance and increased costs. Aim This study analysed the use of systemic antifungal agents and adherence to treatment guidelines for fungal infections. Setting A Brazilian tertiary hospital. Methods This cross-sectional study investigated 183 patients who were treated with systemic antifungals. Antifungal drugs were classified according to the fourth level of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification system...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Andreea Farcas, Daniel Leucuta, Camelia Bucsa, Cristina Mogosan, Dan Dumitrascu
Background Due to recent EU warnings and restrictions on the combined use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS)-acting agents, and the seriousness of the associated harm, we analyzed the prescription of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) as dual therapy or associated with spironolactone. Setting An administrative claims database of a regional hospital in Romania. Methods We retrospectively included all adult patients hospitalized during 18 months in 2013-2014, discharged with a prescription of a RAAS-acting agent...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Susanne Schiek, Katharina Moritz, Stefanie J Seichter, Mohamed Ghanem, Georg von Salis-Soglio, Roberto Frontini, Thilo Bertsche
Background Uncontrolled pain reduces quality of life, delays recovery from surgery and can potentially contribute to the development of chronic pain. Strategies to improve pain management are desirable in view of these detrimental outcomes, yet frequently they are predominately medically based despite nurses playing key roles in pain assessment and analgesic administration. Objective To develop an algorithm-based guidance addressing nurses' pain assessment and analgesic administration and investigating its impact on quality of pain management...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Anna Millar, Carmel Hughes, Maria Devlin, Cristín Ryan
Background Despite the importance placed on the concept of the multidisciplinary team in relation to intermediate care (IC), little is known about community pharmacists' (CPs) involvement. Objective To determine CPs' awareness of and involvement with IC services, perceptions of the transfer of patients' medication information between healthcare settings and views of the development of a CP-IC service. Setting Community pharmacies in Northern Ireland. Methods A postal questionnaire, informed by previous qualitative work was developed and piloted...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Asia N Rashed, Stephen Tomlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Mara M van Beusekom, Petronella Grootens-Wiegers, Mark J W Bos, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Jos M van den Broek
Background Low-literate patients are at risk to misinterpret written drug information. For the (co-) design of targeted patient information, it is key to involve this group in determining their communication barriers and information needs. Objective To gain insight into how people with low literacy use and evaluate written drug information, and to identify ways in which they feel the patient leaflet can be improved, and in particular how images could be used. Setting Food banks and an education institution for Dutch language training in the Netherlands...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Natalie Zerafa, Charles Scerri
Background Managing community pharmacists can play a leading role in supporting community dwelling individuals with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers. Objective The main purpose of this study was to assess knowledge of managing community pharmacists towards Alzheimer's disease and its pharmacological management. Setting Community pharmacies in the Maltese islands. Method A nationwide survey was conducted with full-time managing community pharmacists in possession of a tertiary education degree in pharmacy studies...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Chuanwei Xin, Xing Ge, Liujuan Zheng, Ping Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Omotayo Fatokun, Michael N Olawepo
Background Drugs listed on formularies are often subjected to a variety of utilization restriction measures. However, the degree of restriction is influenced by multiple factors, including the characteristics and attributes of the listed drugs. Objective To identify the factors that are associated with the levels of prescribing restriction on oncology formulary drugs in Malaysia. Setting Oncology formulary in Malaysia. Method The Malaysia Drug Code assigned to each of the drug products on the Malaysia Ministry of Health (MOH) drug formulary was used to identify oncology drugs belonging to WHO ATC class L (antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents)...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Nikkie Aarts, Raymond Noordam, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier, Bruno H Stricker, Loes E Visser
Background Population-based studies investigating indications for antidepressant prescribing mostly rely on diagnoses from general practitioners. However, diagnostic codes might be incomplete and drugs may be prescribed 'off-label' for indications not investigated in clinical trials. Objective We aimed to study indications for antidepressant use based on self-report. Also, we studied the presence of depressive symptoms associated with the self-reported indications. Setting Our study population of antidepressant users was selected based on interview data between 1997 and 2013 from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study cohort (age >45 years)...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Iyn-Hyang Lee, Sandy Jeong Rhie, Nam Kyung Je, Ki Yon Rhew, Eunhee Ji, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee, Jeong-Hyun Yoon
Purpose To explore the need for pharmaceutical care services, key features of desirable pharmacy services, and perceived barriers for advancing the services in hospital environments with doctors and nurses who are key co-workers of the interdisciplinary team care services.Methods Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with eighteen doctors and fifteen nurses employing purposive and snowballing sampling strategies were conducted in ten hospitals in South Korea. Results The level of pharmaceutical care was varied across regions or institutions in South Korea...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Shinya Suzuki, Hiroomi Sakurai, Kenji Kawasumi, Makoto Tahara, Shinichiro Saito, Kazushi Endo
Background In the Japanese healthcare system, board certification not only maintains the quality of daily practice but is also required for hospitals to receive healthcare reimbursement. To date, no data on the effects of the board certification system in Japanese hospitals have been reported. Objective We performed a survey to clarify the impact of pharmacist certification on the quality of chemotherapy. Setting A nationwide mailing survey was conducted in Japan. Method We surveyed oncology pharmacists from 388 cancer designated hospitals (DHs) and 984 randomly selected general hospitals (GHs)...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Woranuch Saengcharoen, Pornchanok Jaisawang, Palita Udomcharoensab, Kittika Buathong, Sanguan Lerkiatbundit
Background Inappropriate use of antibiotic treatment for pharyngitis by community pharmacists is prevalent in developing countries. Little is known about how the pharmacists identify patients with bacterial pharyngitis. Objective To ascertain the appropriateness of diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis among Thai community pharmacists according to the Centor criteria and to identify factors related to antibiotic dispensing. Setting 1040 Thai community pharmacists. Method A cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists was conducted in November 2012 to March 2013...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Mohamed E El Zowalaty, Tatiana Belkina, Saleh A Bahashwan, Ahmed E El Zowalaty, Jurjen Duintjer Tebbens, Hassan A Abdel-Salam, Adel I Khalil, Safaa I Daghriry, Mona A Gahtani, Fatimah M Madkhaly, Nahed I Nohi, Rafaa H Khodari, Reem M Sharahili, Khlood A Dagreery, Mayisah Khormi, Sarah Abuo Habibah, Bayan A Medrba, Amal A Gahtani, Rasha Y Hifthi, Jameelah M Zaid, Arwa W Amshan, Alqasim A Alneami, Ayman Noreddin, Jiří Vlček
Background Inappropriate use of antibiotics is a public health problem of great concern. Objective To evaluate knowledge of antibiotics, race, gender and age as independent risk factors for self-medication. Setting Residents and population from different regions of Saudi Arabia. Methods We conducted a cross sectional survey study among residents. Data were collected between June 2014 to May, 2015 from 1310 participants and data were recorded anonymously. The questionnaire was randomly distributed by interview of participants and included sociodemographic characteristics, antibiotics knowledge, attitudes and behavior with respect to antibiotics usage...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Blanca Rodríguez Vargas, Eva Delgado Silveira, Irene Iglesias Peinado, Teresa Bermejo Vicedo
Background Care transitions are risk points for medication discrepancies, especially in the elderly. Objective This study was undertaken to assess prevalence and describe medication reconciliation errors during admission in elderly patients and to analyze associated risk factors. We also evaluate the effect of these errors on the length of hospital stay. Setting General surgery, orthopedics, internal medicines and infectious diseases departments of a 1070-bed Spanish teaching hospital. Method This is a prospective observational study...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Asia N Rashed, Stephen Tomlin, Virginia Aguado, Ben Forbes, Cate Whittlesea
Background Administering nurse/patient controlled analgesia (N/PCA) to children requires complex dose calculations and multiple manipulations to prepare morphine solutions in 50 mL syringes for administration by continuous infusion with additional boluses. Objective To investigate current practice and accuracy during preparation of morphine N/PCA infusions in hospital theatres and wards at a UK children's hospital. Methods Direct observation of infusion preparation methods and morphine concentration quantification using UV-Vis spectrophotometry...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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