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Translational Behavioral Medicine

Jaclyn P Maher, Martin J Sliwinski, David E Conroy
Older adults represent the segment of the population that sits the most. This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, safety, and preliminary efficacy of an intervention to reduce sedentary behavior (SB) in older adults that can be disseminated broadly for limited cost and delivered by paraprofessionals with limited training. Senior centers in Central Pennsylvania were randomized to receive one of two healthy aging programs (i.e., intervention or comparison). Participants in both groups attended three 90-min meetings over 2 weeks...
October 12, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Thelma J Mielenz, Laura L Durbin, Fern Hertzberg, Diana Nobile-Hernandez, Haomiao Jia
Falls are dangerous and costly for older adults. The A Matter of Balance/Volunteer Lay Leader (AMOB/VLL) program is an evidence-based fall risk reduction program that could help reduce this burden. This study introduced a door-through-door transportation program to improve program delivery (N = 126). Characteristics predicting completion of all eight AMOB/VLL sessions were identified using logistic regression. Individual growth models were employed to determine the immediate, intermediate, and long-term goal outcomes resulting from receiving an adequate dose of the program (five to eight sessions)...
October 7, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Caryn E Peterson, J Andrew Dykens, Noel T Brewer, Joanna Buscemi, Karriem Watson, DeLawnia Comer-Hagans, Zo Ramamonjiarivelo, Marian Fitzgibbon
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage remains low in the USA. The Society for Behavioral Medicine (SBM) supports the goals outlined by Healthy People 2020, the President's Cancer Panel, and the National Vaccine Advisory Committee to increase vaccination coverage among both males and females. SBM makes the following recommendations in support of efforts to reduce structural and other barriers to HPV vaccination services in order to increase rates of series completion. We encourage legislators and other policymakers to improve administration authority, insurance coverage, and reimbursement rates to healthcare providers who make the HPV vaccine available to adolescents; provide instrumental support to fund the development of school curricula on HPV vaccination; and increase public awareness that HPV vaccination can prevent cancer...
October 7, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Mark R Beauchamp, Ryan E Rhodes, Claudio R Nigg
In spite of the well-known benefits of physical activity, the vast majority of children in North America do not meet current international guidelines for accumulating sufficient health-enhancing physical activity. Indeed, despite considerable attention to this population health crisis, the current prevalence of inactivity, along with its concomitant health consequences, shows little sign of abating. In this paper, we identify acknowledged barriers to wide scale physical activity adoption and maintenance at the population level among children and propose a viable tripartite framework (albeit one that would require political support) that we hope will provide the basis for debate and implementation...
October 3, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ildiko Tombor, Lion Shahab, Jamie Brown, David Crane, Susan Michie, Robert West
Pregnant smokers may benefit from digital smoking cessation interventions, but few have been designed for this population. The aim was to transparently report the development of a smartphone app designed to aid smoking cessation during pregnancy. The development of a smartphone app ('SmokeFree Baby') to help pregnant women stop smoking was guided by frameworks for developing complex interventions, including the Medical Research Council (MRC), Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) and Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW)...
October 3, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Camille Nebeker, Tiffany Lagare, Michelle Takemoto, Brittany Lewars, Katie Crist, Cinnamon S Bloss, Jacqueline Kerr
Researchers utilize mobile imaging, pervasive sensing, social media, and location tracking (MISST) technologies to observe and intervene with participants in their natural environment. The use of MISST methods and tools introduces unique ethical issues due to the type and quantity of data, and produces raising new challenges around informed consent, risk assessment, and data management. Since MISST methods are relatively new in behavioral research, there is little documented evidence to guide institutional review board (IRB) risk assessment and inform appropriate risk management strategies...
September 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Laura J Damschroder, Caitlin M Reardon, Nina Sperber, Claire H Robinson, Jacqueline J Fickel, Eugene Z Oddone
The Telephone Lifestyle Coaching (TLC) program provided telephone-based coaching for six lifestyle behaviors to 5321 Veterans at 24 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical facilities. The purpose of the study was to conduct an evaluation of the TLC program to identify factors associated with successful implementation. A mixed-methods study design was used. Quantitative measures of organizational readiness for implementation and facility complexity were used to purposively select a subset of facilities for in-depth evaluation...
September 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Erin E Brannon, Christopher C Cushing, Christopher J Crick, Tarrah B Mitchell
Intervention development can be accelerated by using wearable sensors and ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to study how behaviors change within a person. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, intensive EMA method for assessing physiology, behavior, and psychosocial variables utilizing two objective sensors and a mobile application (app). Adolescents (n = 20) enrolled in a 20-day EMA protocol. Participants wore a physiological monitor and an accelerometer that measured sleep and physical activity and completed four surveys per day on an app...
September 27, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Karriem S Watson, Amanda C Blok, Joanna Buscemi, Yamile Molina, Marian Fitzgibbon, Melissa A Simon, Lance Williams, Kameron Matthews, Jamie L Studts, Sarah E Lillie, Jamie S Ostroff, Lisa Carter-Harris, Robert A Winn
The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) supports the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening of the chest for eligible populations to reduce lung cancer mortality. Consistent with efforts to translate research findings into real-world settings, SBM encourages health-care providers and health-care systems to (1) integrate evidence-based tobacco treatment as an essential component of LDCT-based lung cancer screening, (2) examine the structural barriers that may impact screening uptake, and (3) incorporate shared decision-making as a clinical platform to facilitate consultations and engagement with individuals at high risk for lung cancer about the potential benefits and harms associated with participation in a lung cancer screening program...
September 19, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Devlon N Jackson, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou, Kisha I Coa, April Oh, Bradford Hesse
Little is known about the association between Internet/social media use and health information technology (HIT) engagement. This study examines patterns of social media use and HIT engagement in the U.S.A. using data from the 2013 Health Information National Trends Survey (N = 3,164). Specifically, predictors of two HIT activities (i.e., communicating with a healthcare provider using the Internet or email and tracking personal health information electronically) are examined. Persons who were females, higher education, non-Hispanic others, having a regular healthcare provider, and ages 35-44 were more likely to participate in HIT activities...
September 14, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Anvita Kulkarni, Ryan Huerto, Christina A Roberto, S Bryn Austin
The potential dangers associated with dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building are well documented and increasingly garnering the attention of the media, public, and government leaders. Public health professionals have an opportunity to improve population health in the context of dietary supplement use by translating scientific evidence into action. In this commentary, we discuss the potential to motivate corporate social responsibility (CSR) among manufacturers and retailers of dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building...
August 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jennifer J Shiroff, Mathew J Gregoski
Measurement of recessive carrier screening attitudes related to conception and pregnancy is necessary to determine current acceptance, and whether behavioral intervention strategies are needed in clinical practice. To evaluate quantitative survey instruments to measure patient attitudes regarding genetic carrier testing prior to conception and pregnancy databases examining patient attitudes regarding genetic screening prior to conception and pregnancy from 2003-2013 were searched yielding 344 articles; eight studies with eight instruments met criteria for inclusion...
August 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Kate E Murray, Azieb Ermias, Amber Lung, Amina Sheik Mohamed, B Heidi Ellis, Sarah Linke, Jacqueline Kerr, Deborah J Bowen, Bess H Marcus
There is pressing need for innovation in clinical research to more effectively recruit, engage, retain, and promote health among diverse populations overburdened by health disparities. The purpose of this study is to provide a detailed illustration of the cultural adaptation of an evidence-based intervention to bolster translational research with currently underserved communities. The cultural adaptation heuristic framework described by Barrera and colleagues is applied to the adaptation of a physical activity evidence-based intervention with adult Somali women...
August 24, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Benjamin G Druss
In a recent issue of this journal, Pratt et al report on an important new position statement by the Society of Behavioral Medicine and the American College of Sports Medicine to improve access to exercise programming as a treatment for patients treated in community mental health settings. If implemented, these recommendations could greatly expand access to these services and improve outcomes for patients treated in community mental health settings.
August 22, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
William M P Klein, Emily G Grenen, Mary O'Connell, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou, Kara L Hall, Jennifer M Taber, Amanda L Vogel
Health behaviors often co-occur and have common determinants at multiple levels (e.g., individual, relational, environmental). Nevertheless, research programs often examine single health behaviors without a systematic attempt to integrate knowledge across behaviors. This paper highlights the significant potential of cross-cutting behavioral research to advance our understanding of the mechanisms and causal factors that shape health behaviors. It also offers suggestions for how researchers could develop more effective interventions...
August 12, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Megan A McVay, William S Yancy, Christine N Scott, Lindsay Wilson-Barlow, Sandra Woolson, W Clint McSherry, Sandra Allen, Corrine I Voils
Low enrollment in behavioral weight loss treatments limits their impact. We aimed to identify factors associated with treatment initiation. The participants were outpatients (n = 198) at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities who were referred to a free VA-based behavioral weight loss treatment. Participants were assessed on psychosocial factors potentially relevant to treatment initiation. Subsequent treatment initiation was determined via medical record review. Study participants were 77 % male, 60 % African American, and 54 % initiated treatment...
August 8, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Darren Mays, Sarah E Murphy, Rachel Bubly, Michael B Atkins, Kenneth P Tercyak
The purpose of this study to examine support for indoor tanning policies and correlates of policy support among young adult women who indoor tan. Non-Hispanic white women ages 18-30 who indoor tanned in the past year (n = 356, M 23.3 age, SD 3.1) recruited in the Washington, DC area from 2013 to 2016 completed measures of indoor tanning behaviors, attitudes, perceptions, beliefs, and policy support. Most women in the sample supported policies to prevent children under the age of 18 from indoor tanning (74...
August 5, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Mary L Greaney, Sandy Askew, Perry Foley, Sherrie F Wallington, Gary G Bennett
Given the increasing interest in expanding obesity prevention efforts to cover community-based programs, we examined whether individuals would access a YMCA for physical activity promotion. We provided a no-cost 12-month YMCA membership to socioeconomically disadvantaged black women who were randomized to the intervention arm of a weight gain prevention trial (n = 91). Analyses examined associations of membership activation and use with baseline psychosocial, contextual, health-related, and sociodemographic factors...
August 2, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ashley Wilder Smith, Sandra A Mitchell, Cheryl K De Aguiar, Claudia Moy, William T Riley, Molly V Wagster, Ellen M Werner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Teresa M Damush, Laura Myers, Jane A Anderson, Zhangsheng Yu, Susan Ofner, Gloria Nicholas, Barbara Kimmel, Arlene A Schmid, Thomas Kent, Linda S Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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