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Translational Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909882/lower-depression-scores-associated-with-greater-weight-loss-among-rural-black-women-in-a-behavioral-weight-loss-program
#1
Tiffany L Carson, Bradford E Jackson, Timiya S Nolan, Angela Williams, Monica L Baskin
Depression and stress have been associated with less weight loss among some participants in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs. The purpose of this study was to (1) measure the levels of depression and stress among a sample of black women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi who were participating in a BWL program and (2) examine the association between these psychosocial variables and weight loss outcomes of participants at 6 months. Overweight and obese black women in a BWL program (n = 409) completed validated surveys to measure depression and stress at baseline and 6 months...
December 1, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909881/recruiting-pregnant-smokers-from-text4baby-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-quit4baby
#2
Leah Leavitt, Lorien Abroms, Pamela Johnson, Jennifer Schindler-Ruwisch, Jessica Bushar, Indira Singh, Sean D Cleary, Whitney McInvale, Monique Turner
Recruiting pregnant smokers into clinical trials is challenging since this population tends to be disadvantaged, the behavior is stigmatized, and the intervention window is limited. The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility and effectiveness of recruiting pregnant smokers into a smoking cessation trial by sending recruitment text messages to an existing subscriber list. Recruitment messages were sent to subscribers flagged as pregnant in Text4baby, a national text messaging program for pregnant women and mothers...
December 1, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896798/applicability-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-based-mobile-app-in-depression-nursing
#3
Kirsikka Kaipainen, Pasi Välkkynen, Nina Kilkku
Due to the high burden of depression, new models and methods of mental healthcare need to be developed. Prior research has shown the potential benefits of using technology tools such as mobile apps as self-help or combined with psychological treatment. Therefore, professionals should acquaint themselves with evidence-based apps to be able to use them with clients and guide the clients in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore how an acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app was perceived as a self-management tool among nurses, and how it could be applied in the prevention and treatment of depression and other mental health issues...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896797/a-telephone-based-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-during-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Uma S Nair, Freda Patterson, Daniel Rodriguez, Bradley N Collins
Smoking and physical inactivity contribute to disproportionate disease burden among underserved adults. Telephone-based interventions (quitlines) are becoming the standard care for addressing smoking. There is increasing interest to determine whether quitlines can be utilized to administer interventions for other unhealthy behaviors. This study aims to examine the proof-of-concept and potential efficacy of a telephone-based behavioral counseling intervention to boost daily low-to-moderate physical activity among low-income, physically inactive smokers...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812798/choosing-between-responsive-design-websites-versus-mobile-apps-for-your-mobile-behavioral-intervention-presenting-four-case-studies
#5
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Sarah B Hales, Danielle E Schoffman, Homay Valafar, Keith Brazendale, R Glenn Weaver, Michael W Beets, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Trisha Mandes, James R Hébert, Sara Wilcox, Andrew Hester, Matthew J McGrievy
Both mobile apps and responsive-design websites (web apps) can be used to deliver mobile health (mHealth) interventions, but it can be difficult to discern which to use in research. The goal of this paper is to present four case studies from behavioral interventions that developed either a mobile app or a web app for research and present an information table to help researchers determine which mobile option would work best for them. Four behavioral intervention case studies (two developed a mobile app, and two developed a web app) presented include time, cost, and expertise...
November 3, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800565/dose-and-timing-of-text-messages-for-increasing-physical-activity-among-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jennifer L Huberty, Matthew P Buman, Jenn A Leiferman, Jessica Bushar, Eric B Hekler, Marc A Adams
Text4baby (T4b), a free nation-wide mobile health information service, delivers health-related text messages (SMS) to pregnant women. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of physical activity (PA) specific SMS to improve PA in pregnant women (vs standard T4b) and the most effective dose/timing of PA-specific SMS to improve PA. Pregnant women (N = 80) were randomized to one of four groups that differed in frequency and time of SMS. The Fitbit™ Flex measured PA. Data were analyzed using mixed model analyses...
October 31, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800564/a-content-analysis-of-electronic-health-record-ehr-functionality-to-support-tobacco-treatment
#7
Jennifer M Schindler-Ruwisch, Lorien C Abroms, Steven L Bernstein, Christina L Heminger
Government regulations have created new incentives for health systems to implement changes in electronic health records (EHRs) to reduce tobacco use among patients. The purpose of this study is to conduct a content analysis of EHR modifications aimed at supporting tobacco cessation and to document these modifications using a 5 A's framework (i.e., Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange). Fourteen trials were identified that met inclusion criteria. A content analysis of EHR functionality in these trials was conducted by two independent reviewers between February and June 2015...
October 31, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796775/the-healthy-living-partnerships-to-prevent-diabetes-and-the-diabetes-prevention-program-a-comparison-of-year-1-and-2-intervention-results
#8
Mara Z Vitolins, Scott P Isom, Caroline S Blackwell, Donna Kernodle, Joyce M Sydell, Carolyn F Pedley, Jeffrey A Katula, L Douglas Case, David C Goff
A number of research studies have attempted to translate the behavioral lifestyle intervention delivered in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). To compare the active interventions of two trials, Diabetes Prevention Program DPP and Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP PD), after 1 and 2 years of intervention. DPP included 3234 adults with prediabetes randomized to intensive lifestyle intervention, metformin, troglitazone, or placebo. The lifestyle intervention, professionally delivered to individuals in a clinical setting, focused on diet and increased physical activity...
October 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734281/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-older-adults-sedentary-behavior
#9
Jaclyn P Maher, Martin J Sliwinski, David E Conroy
Older adults represent the segment of the population that sits the most. This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, safety, and preliminary efficacy of an intervention to reduce sedentary behavior (SB) in older adults that can be disseminated broadly for limited cost and delivered by paraprofessionals with limited training. Senior centers in Central Pennsylvania were randomized to receive one of two healthy aging programs (i.e., intervention or comparison). Participants in both groups attended three 90-min meetings over 2 weeks...
October 12, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718062/predictors-of-and-health-and-fall-related-program-outcomes-resulting-from-complete-and-adequate-doses-of-a-fall-risk-reduction-program
#10
Thelma J Mielenz, Laura L Durbin, Fern Hertzberg, Diana Nobile-Hernandez, Haomiao Jia
Falls are dangerous and costly for older adults. The A Matter of Balance/Volunteer Lay Leader (AMOB/VLL) program is an evidence-based fall risk reduction program that could help reduce this burden. This study introduced a door-through-door transportation program to improve program delivery (N = 126). Characteristics predicting completion of all eight AMOB/VLL sessions were identified using logistic regression. Individual growth models were employed to determine the immediate, intermediate, and long-term goal outcomes resulting from receiving an adequate dose of the program (five to eight sessions)...
October 7, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699683/physical-activity-for-children-in-elementary-schools-time-for-a-rethink
#11
Mark R Beauchamp, Ryan E Rhodes, Claudio R Nigg
In spite of the well-known benefits of physical activity, the vast majority of children in North America do not meet current international guidelines for accumulating sufficient health-enhancing physical activity. Indeed, despite considerable attention to this population health crisis, the current prevalence of inactivity, along with its concomitant health consequences, shows little sign of abating. In this paper, we identify acknowledged barriers to wide scale physical activity adoption and maintenance at the population level among children and propose a viable tripartite framework (albeit one that would require political support) that we hope will provide the basis for debate and implementation...
October 3, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688249/implementation-evaluation-of-the-telephone-lifestyle-coaching-tlc-program-organizational-factors-associated-with-successful-implementation
#12
Laura J Damschroder, Caitlin M Reardon, Nina Sperber, Claire H Robinson, Jacqueline J Fickel, Eugene Z Oddone
The Telephone Lifestyle Coaching (TLC) program provided telephone-based coaching for six lifestyle behaviors to 5321 Veterans at 24 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical facilities. The purpose of the study was to conduct an evaluation of the TLC program to identify factors associated with successful implementation. A mixed-methods study design was used. Quantitative measures of organizational readiness for implementation and facility complexity were used to purposively select a subset of facilities for in-depth evaluation...
September 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848214/erratum-to-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-to-promote-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-community-organizations-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#13
Annette E Maxwell, Leda L Danao, Reggie T Cayetano, Catherine M Crespi, Roshan Bastani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848213/a-computational-cognitive-model-of-self-efficacy-and-daily-adherence-in-mhealth
#14
Peter Pirolli
Mobile health (mHealth) applications provide an excellent opportunity for collecting rich, fine-grained data necessary for understanding and predicting day-to-day health behavior change dynamics. A computational predictive model (ACT-R-DStress) is presented and fit to individual daily adherence in 28-day mHealth exercise programs. The ACT-R-DStress model refines the psychological construct of self-efficacy. To explain and predict the dynamics of self-efficacy and predict individual performance of targeted behaviors, the self-efficacy construct is implemented as a theory-based neurocognitive simulation of the interaction of behavioral goals, memories of past experiences, and behavioral performance...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848212/examining-the-role-of-a-community-coalition-in-facilitating-policy-and-environmental-changes-to-promote-physical-activity-the-case-of-get-fit-kaua-i
#15
Lehua B Choy, Jay E Maddock, Beverley Brody, Katherine L Richards, Kathryn L Braun
Community coalitions help to generate policy and environmental changes that address community health problems. This qualitative study examined how one community coalition, Get Fit Kaua'i, catalyzed built environment (BE) policy and infrastructure changes in a rural county in Hawai'i. The purpose was to develop a theory that explained the process by which the community coalition facilitated BE changes to support physical activity. Using a grounded theory approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposeful sample of 25 stakeholders engaged in the coalition's BE activities...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848211/simplified-novel-application-snapp-framework-a-guide-to-developing-and-implementing-second-generation-mobile-applications-for-behavioral-health-research
#16
Jennifer Fillo, B Lynette Staplefoote-Boynton, Angel Martinez, Lisa Sontag-Padilla, William G Shadel, Steven C Martino, Claude M Setodji, Daniella Meeker, Deborah Scharf
Advances in mobile technology and mobile applications (apps) have opened up an exciting new frontier for behavioral health researchers, with a "second generation" of apps allowing for the simultaneous collection of multiple streams of data in real time. With this comes a host of technical decisions and ethical considerations unique to this evolving approach to research. Drawing on our experience developing a second-generation app for the simultaneous collection of text message, voice, and self-report data, we provide a framework for researchers interested in developing and using second-generation mobile apps to study health behaviors...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848210/chronic-pain-assessment-from-bench-to-bedside-lessons-along-the-translation-continuum
#17
REVIEW
Bryan Jensen
The first step to providing effective healthcare is accurate assessment and diagnosis. The importance of accurate assessment is particularly important for chronic pain, given its subjective and multidimensional nature. The purpose of the current review is to discuss the dilemma of chronic pain assessment within a translational framework. First, assessment issues specific to chronic pain will be introduced along the entire continuum of translational activities. Important barriers along the continuum include inconsistent measurement of pain, possibly inaccurate preclinical models, and other practical limitations such as time, cost, and training...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848209/uptake-of-evidence-based-physical-activity-programs-comparing-perceptions-of-adopters-and-nonadopters
#18
Sallie Beth Johnson, Samantha M Harden, Paul A Estabrooks
Translating evidence-based physical activity interventions into practice have been problematic. Limited research exists on the adoption decision-making process. This study explored health educator perceptions of two evidence-based, physical activity programs-one was developed through an integrated research-practice partnership approach (FitEx) and the other was research-developed, Active Living Every Day (ALED). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 health educators who were trained on either ALED (n = 6) or FitEx (n = 6) and had either delivered (n = 6) or did not deliver (n = 6) the intervention...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848208/development-of-a-dynamic-computational-model-of-social-cognitive-theory
#19
William T Riley, Cesar A Martin, Daniel E Rivera, Eric B Hekler, Marc A Adams, Matthew P Buman, Misha Pavel, Abby C King
Social cognitive theory (SCT) is among the most influential theories of behavior change and has been used as the conceptual basis of health behavior interventions for smoking cessation, weight management, and other health behaviors. SCT and other behavior theories were developed primarily to explain differences between individuals, but explanatory theories of within-person behavioral variability are increasingly needed as new technologies allow for intensive longitudinal measures and interventions adapted from these inputs...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718061/society-of-behavioral-medicine-supports-increasing-hpv-vaccination-uptake-an-urgent-opportunity-for-cancer-prevention
#20
Caryn E Peterson, J Andrew Dykens, Noel T Brewer, Joanna Buscemi, Karriem Watson, DeLawnia Comer-Hagans, Zo Ramamonjiarivelo, Marian Fitzgibbon
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage remains low in the USA. The Society for Behavioral Medicine (SBM) supports the goals outlined by Healthy People 2020, the President's Cancer Panel, and the National Vaccine Advisory Committee to increase vaccination coverage among both males and females. SBM makes the following recommendations in support of efforts to reduce structural and other barriers to HPV vaccination services in order to increase rates of series completion. We encourage legislators and other policymakers to improve administration authority, insurance coverage, and reimbursement rates to healthcare providers who make the HPV vaccine available to adolescents; provide instrumental support to fund the development of school curricula on HPV vaccination; and increase public awareness that HPV vaccination can prevent cancer...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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