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Translational Behavioral Medicine

Pamela Behrman, Jill Demirci, Betina Yanez, Nisha Beharie, Helena Laroche
In May 2017, the Trump administration proposed steep cuts to Medicaid funding. This proposal was met with bipartisan criticism, as this program provides vital healthcare coverage for vulnerable children, adults, and families, including those living below the federal poverty line. In addition to the proposed funding cuts, federally authorized state restrictions to Medicaid access (e.g., work requirements) have been proposed, putting the Medicaid coverage of scores of enrollees at risk. Overwhelming health costs from inadequate or absent insurance are found to contribute to financial problems, including bankruptcy...
May 8, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Yasemin Gümüs Sekerci, Yeter Kitis
In this study, we examined the effects of exercise education and a motivational interview program, based on the stages of change model (SCM), on stage of change, using cognitive and behavioral methods, perceived benefits and barriers and self-confidence in Turkish women with diabetes. This intervention study was carried out in 2015 on 55 women selected from a family health centers' population. An exercise guide was prepared based on the SCM for the intervention group. The intervention group was followed seven times at 1-month intervals via home visits, and exercise education and the motivational interview program were conducted to identify changes in behavior...
May 8, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Claire Garnett, David Crane, Robert West, Jamie Brown, Susan Michie
Excessive alcohol consumption poses a serious problem for public health. Digital behavior change interventions have the potential to help users reduce their drinking. In accordance with Open Science principles, this paper describes the development of a smartphone app to help individuals who drink excessively to reduce their alcohol consumption. Following the UK Medical Research Council's guidance and the Multiphase Optimization Strategy, development consisted of two phases: (i) selection of intervention components and (ii) design and development work to implement the chosen components into modules to be evaluated further for inclusion in the app...
May 4, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ryan R Landoll, Matthew K Nielsen, Kathryn K Waggoner, Elizabeth Najera
Integrated primary care services have grown in popularity in recent years and demonstrated significant benefits to the patient experience, patient health, and health care operations. However, broader systems-level factors for health care organizations, such as utilization, access, and cost, have been understudied. The current study reviews the results of quality improvement project conducted by the U.S. Air Force, which has practiced integrated primary care behavioral health for over 20 years. This study focuses on exploring how shifting the access point for behavioral from specialty mental health clinics to primary care, along with the use of technicians in patient care, can improve a range of health outcomes...
May 4, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Pamela Behrman, Jill Demirci, Betina Yanez, Nisha Beharie, Helena Laroche
Deep cuts have been proposed to federally funded nutrition assistance programs, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and federally subsidized school breakfast and lunch programs. Yet, these programs help parents afford healthy meals for their families, pregnant and postpartum mothers access supplemental foods and health services for themselves and their infants and young children, and children obtain the nutrition necessary for optimal school performance...
May 3, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Sung-Eun Park, Lu Tang, Bijie Bie, Degui Zhi
We analyze the visual characteristics of skin cancer pins, including use of human image, use of fear-invoking image, pin composition, color, and text legibility. We also explore how these visual characteristics as well as information richness predict Pinterest users' participative engagement. A combination of descriptive and predictive content analysis of 708 pins is conducted. The demographic characteristics of human models are consistent with epidemiology data. Text legibility in bodycopy is low. Information richness is a significant predictor of number of repins in all pins except pins on melanoma with human models...
April 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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April 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Karly S Geller, Emma Lancaster, Christopher Hill, Samantha Bettinger
The current study compared multiple health-risk behaviors, self-efficacy, and temptation between young adult athletes and nonathletes. Cross-sectional data were collected via a web-based survey. Participants included nonathletes and Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes attending a midwestern university. Multiple health-risk behaviors existed at a high prevalence among participating athletes and nonathletes, with a slightly higher proportion of nonathletes reporting more risk. Twenty-two percent of participating athletes were at risk for excessive screen time, whereas 36% of nonathletes were at risk for the same...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Joanna Buscemi, Angela Odoms-Young, Amy L Yaroch, Laura L Hayman, Bernardo Loiacono, Annie Herman, Marian L Fitzgibbon
In 2010, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) altered nutrition standards in the U.S. National School Lunch Program in an attempt to promote healthy eating and improve children's overall health. However, it was reported that these nutrition standard changes were leading to lower consumption of meals and an increase in plate waste. Initial research was unable to validate these reports. Despite these unsubstantiated claims, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released a proposal to roll back some of the nutritional standards implemented by the HHFKA in 2017...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Akilah Dulin-Keita, Lisa M Quintilliani, Joanna Buscemi, Brooke M Bell, Kim M Gans, Amy L Yaroch
The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) recommends that Congress increase funding for fruit and vegetable production and intake in The Farm Bill reauthorization. Analysis of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's databases indicates that the availability of fruits and vegetables in the food supply is at half or less than half of what is needed to meet federal dietary recommendations for Americans. Based on the extant literature, SBM supports including funding allocations for fruit and vegetable production, including fruits and vegetables in commodity programs, providing additional insurance subsidies for producing fruits and vegetables, and maintaining or increasing funding for initiatives that promote fruit and vegetable intake...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jun Ma, Megan A Lewis, Joshua M Smyth
In this commentary, we propose a vision for "practice-based translational behavior change research," which we define as clinical and public health practice-embedded research on the implementation, optimization, and fundamental mechanisms of behavioral interventions. This vision intends to be inclusive of important research elements for behavioral intervention development, testing, and implementation. We discuss important research gaps and conceptual and methodological advances in three key areas along the discovery (development) to delivery (implementation) continuum of evidence-based interventions to improve behavior and health that could help achieve our vision of practice-based translational behavior change research...
April 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Natalie D Ritchie, Jennifer K Carroll, Jodi Summers Holtrop, Edward P Havranek
The National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) is the most widely available behavioral intervention to prevent diabetes, but attrition is a concern and strategies are needed to make the program more engaging. Previous evidence suggests that the 150-min weekly physical activity goal in NDPP is hard for many to achieve. Further study of the impact of this protocol recommendation may improve understanding for NDPP reach and effectiveness in reducing diabetes risk. We conducted an observational study of relationships between physical activity goal attainment and retention and weight loss among 391 NDPP participants between March 2013 and May 2016...
April 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Claudio R Nigg, Eve Kutchman, Katie Amato, Christine A Schaefer, Guangxiang Zhang, Md Mahabub Ul Anwar, Peter Anthamatten, Raymond C Browning, Lois Brink, James Hill
Understanding the impacts of the built environment on physical activity (PA) is essential to promoting children's PA. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of schoolyard renovations and a PA recess curriculum alone and in combination on children's PA. This was a 2 (learning landscape [LL] vs. non-LL) × 2 (curriculum intervention vs. no curriculum intervention) factorial design with random assignment to the curriculum intervention, and six elementary schools per condition. PA outcomes were assessed preprogram, mid-program, immediate postprogram, and one year postprogram...
April 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Daniel R Taber, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Megan Fallon, Frank J Chaloupka, Tatiana Andreyeva, Marlene B Schwartz, Jennifer L Harris
The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) encourages stakeholders to implement a sugar sweetened beverage excise tax. Sugar sweetened beverages are the largest source of added sugars in the USA and have detrimental effects on population health by increasing risks for chronic diseases. Based on existing research evidence, SBM supports an excise tax equivalent to at least 20% to meaningfully affect consumption patterns. As evidenced by research studies in Mexico and the USA, sugar sweetened beverage taxes can have positive impacts on population health and can raise significant tax revenue...
April 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Xiaozhong Wen, Rina D Eiden, Faye E Justicia-Linde, Youfa Wang, Stephen T Higgins, Nicolas Thor, Arsalan Haghdel, Ariel R Peters, Leonard H Epstein
Given serious consequences of maternal smoking, we aimed to develop and test a multicomponent behavioral intervention to enhance smoking cessation during pregnancy. In this nonconcurrent, multiple-baseline intervention pilot study, 48 daily smoking pregnant women (mean 13.7 weeks of gestation) were recruited from Buffalo, NY, USA. Upon completion of the repeated baseline smoking monitoring (up to 3 weeks), 30 continuous smokers received a contingent financial incentive-based intervention with three additional components (education and counseling, monitoring and feedback, and family support)...
April 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Smita C Banerjee, Vivian M Rodríguez, Kathryn Greene, Jennifer L Hay
Rates of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers are on the rise in the USA with data revealing disproportionate increase in female young adults. The popularity of intentional skin tanning among U.S. adolescents is attributed to several factors, including prioritization of physical appearance, media images of tanned celebrities, ease of availability of artificial tanning facilities, and more recently, the prevalence and celebration of tanned skin on social media. Pinterest, as the third most popular social media platform, was searched for "pins" about skin tanning...
April 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Sarah Edney, Jemma Looyestyn, Jillian Ryan, Jocelyn Kernot, Carol Maher
Social networking websites have attracted considerable attention as a delivery platform for physical activity interventions. Current evidence highlights a need to enhance user engagement with these interventions to actualize their potential. The purpose of this study was to determine which post type generates the most engagement from participants and whether engagement was related to change in physical activity in an intervention delivered via Facebook. Subgroup analysis of the intervention condition of a randomized controlled trial was conducted...
April 5, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Leopoldo J Cabassa, Ana Stefancic
People with serious mental illness die at an earlier age than people in the general population largely due to cardiovascular disease. Healthy lifestyle interventions can help reduce this health inequity. In this qualitative study, we examined the perceptions that decision makers in supportive housing agencies had toward a peer-led healthy lifestyle intervention and their views of contextual factors that could shape implementation at these agencies. A purposive sample of 12 decision makers from three supportive housing agencies was recruited...
April 4, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Shannon L Mihalko, Phillip Cox, Daniel P Beavers, Gary D Miller, Barbara J Nicklas, Mary Lyles, David J Hunter, Felix Eckstein, Ali Guermazi, Richard F Loeser, Paul DeVita, Stephen P Messier
Physical activity decreases the risk of osteoarthritis (OA)-related disability; however, pain and lack of confidence represent barriers for older adults with knee OA. The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the baseline associations among self-efficacy and physical activity, function, and pain; (b) longitudinal changes in self-efficacy; and (c) whether self-efficacy mediates treatment effects on clinical outcomes. The Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial was a single-blind, randomized controlled 18-month study including 454 overweight/obese older adults (M age = 66 years) with knee OA...
April 4, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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