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Translational Behavioral Medicine

Meagan M Graydon, Catherine M Corno, Rebecca L Schacht, Daniel J Knoblach, Alicia E Wiprovnick, Shayla T Thrash, Angela A Petersen, Carlo C DiClemente
Individuals with mental health and substance use disorders smoke at rates two to four times higher than the general population and account for over half of smoking-related deaths. Building capacity of behavioral health providers to provide smoking cessation treatment may decrease smoking prevalence in these groups. The present study evaluated a statewide rollout of a capacity building training program to teach behavioral health providers to deliver a manualized smoking cessation group intervention for patients with mental health and substance use disorders...
September 8, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Sharon L Manne, Deborah A Kashy, David W Kissane, Melissa Ozga, Shannon Myers Virtue, Carolyn J Heckman
Perceived unsupportive responses from close others play an important role in psychological adaptation of patients with cancer. Little is known about whether these negative responses change after someone experiences a serious life event, and even less is known about the individual characteristics and related factors that might contribute to both the levels of and changes in perceived unsupportive responses over the course of adaptation to an experience. This longitudinal study aimed to evaluate changes in perceived unsupportive behavior from family and friends among women newly with gynecologic cancer as well as initial demographic, disease, and psychological factors that predict the course of perceived unsupportive behavior over time...
September 5, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Katrina A D'Urzo, Kristiann E Man, Rebecca L Bassett-Gunter, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Jennifer R Tomasone
"Real-world" initiatives represent an important source of information for evidence-based practice; however, accessing information about initiatives is often challenging. Casebooks are an innovative knowledge translation (KT) tool for researchers, practitioners, and end-users to address "research-to-implementation gaps" through sharing "real-world" experiences. Several casebooks have been published; yet, they remain inconsistent in their methodological approach for identifying "real-world" initiatives...
September 4, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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August 28, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jong Y Park, Cecile A Lengacher, Richard R Reich, Carissa B Alinat, Sophia Ramesar, Alice Le, Carly L Paterson, Michelle L Pleasant, Hyun Y Park, John Kiluk, Hyo Han, Roohi Ismail-Khan, Kevin E Kip
Genetic variations of breast cancer survivors (BCS) may contribute to level of residual symptoms, such as depression, stress, fatigue, and cognitive impairment. The objective of this study was to investigate whether particular single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) moderated symptom improvement resulting from the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (MBSR[BC]) program. An overarching goal of personalized medicine is to identify individuals as risk for disease and tailor interventions based on genetic profiles of patients with diseases including cancer...
August 20, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Amber E Vaughn, Rachel Bartlett, Courtney T Luecking, Heidi Hennink-Kaminski, Dianne S Ward
Although social marketing principles have been successfully employed in school-based interventions to prevent obesity, use in early care and education (ECE) settings has been limited. This paper describes the use of the social marketing approach to develop an ECE-based intervention that encourages an ECE provider-parent partnership to improve the quality of preschool children's diets and their level of physical activity. A six-step social marketing approach for public health interventions guided the development of this ECE-based intervention...
August 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Alicia M Allen, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, Laurie Krupski, Melanie L Bell, Uma Nair
Research suggests that women may have poorer tobacco cessation outcomes than men; however, the literature is somewhat mixed. Less is known about gender differences in cessation within quitline settings. This study examined gender differences in the utilization of services (i.e., coaching sessions, pharmacotherapy) and tobacco cessation among callers to the Arizona Smokers' Helpline (ASHLine). The study sample included callers enrolled in ASHLine between January 2011 and June 2016. We tracked number of completed coaching sessions...
August 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Sarah L Mullane, Dana R Epstein, Matthew P Buman
Within the behavioral field, a plethora of conceptual frameworks and tools have been developed to improve transition from efficacy to effectiveness trials; however, they are limited in their ability to support new, iterative intervention design decision-making methodologies beyond traditional randomized controlled trial design. Emerging theories suggest that researchers should employ engineering based user-centered design (UCD) methods to support more iterative intervention design decision-making in the behavioral field...
August 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
John Bellettiere, Ben Nguyen, Sandy Liles, Vincent Berardi, Marc A Adams, Paddy Dempsey, Yael Benporat, Jacqueline Kerr, Andrea Z LaCroix, Melbourne Hovell
Since 1980, many studies have evaluated whether stair-use prompts increased physical activity by quantifying changes in stair use. To more completely evaluate changes in physical activity, this study addressed the often-overlooked assessment of climbing up escalators by evaluating the degree to which stair-use sign prompts increased active ascent-defined as stair use or escalator climbing. Over 5 months, at an airport stairs/escalator point of choice, we video-recorded passersby (N = 13,544) who ascended either stairs or escalators, on 10 days with signs and 10 days without signs...
August 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Cathy L Melvin, Anissa I Vines, Allison M Deal, Holly O Pierce, William R Carpenter, Paul A Godley
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers in the USA. In 2017, an estimated 135,420 people were diagnosed with CRC and 50,260 people died from CRC. Several screening modalities are recommended by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), including annual stool tests that are usually completed at home and under-used compared with colonoscopy despite stated patient preferences for an alternative to colonoscopy. The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends use of small media interventions (SMIs) to increase CRC screening and calls for a greater understanding of its independent impact on screening participation...
August 1, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Tanya Pullen, Joan L Bottorff, Catherine M Sabiston, Kristin L Campbell, Neil D Eves, Susan L Ellard, Carolyn Gotay, Kayla Fitzpatrick, Paul Sharp, Cristina M Caperchione
Translating effective research into community practice is critical for improving breast cancer (BC) survivor health. The purpose of this study is to utilize the RE-AIM framework to evaluate the translational potential of Project MOVE, an innovative intervention focused on increasing physical activity (PA) in BC survivors. A mixed-methods design, including a self-report questionnaire, accelerometry, focus groups, and interviews, was used to inform each RE-AIM dimension. Reach was evaluated by the representativeness of participants...
July 30, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Nancy L Weaver, Trent D Buskirk, Keri Jupka, Janice Williams
Most childhood injuries can be prevented with the correct use of safety devices and appropriate supervision. Children's hospitals are well positioned to promote these behaviors with evidence-based programming; however, barriers exist to adopting such programs. The purpose of this study was to describe organizational and administrative factors related to the adoption of an efficacious injury prevention (IP) program by children's hospitals in the USA. IP specialists at 232 U.S. children's hospitals were invited to complete a baseline survey, and then offered Safe N' Sound (SNS), an efficacious computer IP program targeting parents of young children...
July 25, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ami R Moore, Foster Amey, Elias Mpofu
Obesity takes a substantial toll on society as a whole. Obesity and its health-related complications contribute significantly to healthcare costs and negatively affects almost every aspect of human life. It is therefore reasonable for the government to be involved in finding solutions to control the epidemic. This article examined factors that influence support for government intervention in the obesity epidemic in the United States. We used data from Obesity in the United States: Public Perceptions, a survey of a nationally representative sample of American adults...
July 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Rajesh Khadgawat, Ravindra Mohan Pandey
The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the comparative efficacy of 12 week yoga-based lifestyle intervention (YBLI) and dietary intervention (DI) alone on adipokines, inflammation, and oxidative stress in Indian adults with metabolic syndrome (Met S). A parallel, two arm, RCT was conducted in Integral Health Clinic (IHC), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India from 2012 to 2014. IHC is an outpatient facility conducting YBLI programs for prevention and management of chronic diseases...
July 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ildiko Tombor, Emma Beard, Jamie Brown, Lion Shahab, Susan Michie, Robert West
Smartphone applications (apps) might be able to reach pregnant smokers who do not engage with face-to-face support. However, we do not know how far pregnant smokers will engage with smoking cessation apps or what components are likely to be effective. This study aimed to assess pregnant smokers' engagement with the SmokeFree Baby app (v1) and to assess the short-term efficacy of selected components ("modules") for smoking abstinence. Positive outcomes would provide a basis for further development and evaluation...
July 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Marita Hennessy, Molly Byrne, Rachel Laws, Jenny Mc Sharry, Grace O'Malley, Caroline Heary
Childhood obesity is a significant public health challenge, yet research priorities for childhood obesity prevention are not established. Coproduction of priorities leads to research which may be more translatable to the domains of policy and practice. The aim of the present study was to identify knowledge gaps and research priorities in addition to facilitators and barriers to knowledge translation in childhood obesity prevention. The nominal group technique involving consensus building with researchers, policymakers, and practitioners was employed during workshops at a national obesity conference held over 2 days in May 2017...
July 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Deborah L Jones, Violeta J Rodriguez, Stefani A Butts, Kris Arheart, Robert Zulu, Ndashi Chitalu, Stephen M Weiss
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) uptake in Africa could prevent 3.4 million HIV infections across a 10 year span. In Zambia, however, ~80 per cent of uncircumcised men report no interest in undergoing VMMC. The Spear & Shield (S&S) intervention has been shown to be more effective than control or observation of only conditions at increasing the number of VMMCs. This study identified predictors of S&S implementation success or failure to create an "early warning" system to enable remedial action during implementation...
July 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Caryn E Peterson, Sara C Gordon, Charles W Le Hew, J A Dykens, Gina D Jefferson, Malavika P Tampi, Olivia Urquhart, Mark Lingen, Karriem S Watson, Joanna Buscemi, Marian L Fitzgibbon
In response to the increasing incidence of certain oral and oropharyngeal cancers, the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) calls on healthcare providers and legislators to expand awareness of oral and oropharyngeal cancer risk factors, increase early detection, and support policies that increase utilization of dental services. SBM supports the American Dental Association's 2017 guideline for evaluating potentially malignant oral cavity disorders and makes the following recommendations to healthcare providers and legislators...
July 11, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Joanna Buscemi, Diana Buitrago, Francisco Iacobelli, Frank Penedo, Crystal Maciel, Judy Guitleman, Aparna Balakrishnan, Marya Corden, Rachel F Adler, Laura C Bouchard, Alejandra Perez-Tamayo, Betina R Yanez
Hispanic breast cancer survivors (BCS) are at high risk for experiencing poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after completion of active breast cancer treatment. Therefore, there is a need to develop culturally tailored interventions for Hispanic BCS. To date, there have been limited interventions that have demonstrated that increasing cancer-related knowledge, self-efficacy in communication, and self-management skills can improve HRQoL among Hispanic BCS. These interventions have been delivered in person or by phone, which may be burdensome for Hispanic BCS...
July 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Waleed M Sweileh
Stigma and discrimination are major barriers in the global fight against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The aim of this study was to create an analytical inventory of worldwide research output in AIDS-related stigma and discrimination. SciVerse Scopus was used for the study period from 1980 to 2017 to retrieve literature in AIDS-related stigma and discrimination. Results were presented as bibliometric tables and maps. In total, 2,509 documents were retrieved...
July 4, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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