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International Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803877/comment-on-survival-analysis-following-early-surgical-success-in-intermittent-exotropia-surgery
#1
Onder Ayyildiz, Gokhan Ozge, Cem Ozgonul, Gokcen Gokce, Fatih Mehmet Mutlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803876/visual-function-alterations-in-cavernous-hemangioma-of-the-orbital-apex-after-surgery
#2
Kang Xue, Min Wang, Jiang Qian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803875/dexamethasone-intravitreal-implant-for-diabetic-macular-edema-in-a-pregnant-patient
#3
Romi Yoo, Hyung Chan Kim, Hyewon Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803874/preoperative-evaluation-of-human-crystalline-lens-hardness-using-a-scan-ultrasound-biometry-a-pilot-study
#4
Konstantinos T Tsaousis, Lampros P Lamprogiannis, Stavros A Dimitrakos, Ioannis T Tsinopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803873/decreased-paraoxonase1-activity-and-increased-malondialdehyde-and-oxidative-dna-damage-levels-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#5
Ugur Yilmaz Mumcu, Ibrahim Kocer, Orhan Ates, H Hakan Alp
To investigate the malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, paraoxonase1 (PON1) activity and 8-hydroxy 2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels in the primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patient. Blood samples from 52 healthy individuals and 53 patients with POAG were analyzed for MDA and 8-OHdG by HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography) and PON1 by spectrophotometry. The data obtained were analyzed statistically. MDA levels were 10.46±8.4 and 4.70±1.79 µmol; PON1 levels were 121±39.55 and 161.62±60.22 U/mL; and 8-OHdG values were 1...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803872/age-related-changes-in-the-kinetics-of-human-lenses-prevention-of-the-cataract
#6
REVIEW
Nicola Pescosolido, Andrea Barbato, Rossella Giannotti, Chiara Komaiha, Fiammetta Lenarduzzi
The crystalline lens is a transparent, biconvex structure in the eye that, along with the cornea, helps to refract light to be focused on the retina and, by changing shape, it adjusts focal distance (accommodation). The three classes of structural proteins found in the lens are α, β, and γ crystallins. These proteins make up more than 90% of the total dry mass of the eye lens. Other components which can be found are sugars, lipids, water, several antioxidants and low weight molecules. When ageing changes occur in the lens, it causes a gradual reduction in transparency, presbyopia and an increase in the scattering and aberration of light waves as well as a degradation of the optical quality of the eye...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803871/analysis-on-sports-and-recreation-activity-related-eye-injuries-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#7
Sungbae Moon, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Jae Yun Ahn, Jung Bae Park, Kang Suk Seo, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Kang Hyun Lee, In Sool Yoo, Jin Seong Cho, Hyun Ho Ryu, Tae Oh Jeong, Seok Ran Yeom, Young Taek Kim, Sung Ok Hong
AIM: To investigate the incidence and general characteristics of sports-related eye injuries in patients visiting the Emergency Department. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-center, observational study. Patients with an injured eye who visited the Emergency Department at one of nine hospitals in Korea were enrolled. All data were prospectively collected between March and September 2010 using a questionnaire. Eye injuries that occurred during risky sports were examined by gender and age...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803870/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-different-genotypes-g11778a-t14484c-and-g3460a-of-leber-hereditary-optic-neuropathy-and-visual-prognosis
#8
Dong-Yu Guo, Xia-Wei Wang, Nan Hong, Yang-Shun Gu
AIM: To analyze the influences of different genotypes (G11778A, T14484C and G3460A) of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) on visual prognosis. METHODS: After a systematic literature search, all relevant studies evaluating the association between the three primary mutations of LHON and visual prognosis were included. All statistical tests were calculated with Revman 5.2 and STATA 12.0. RESULTS: Ten independent studies were included finally...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803869/alcohol-consumption-and-dry-eye-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#9
Yong-Sheng You, Nai-Bin Qu, Xiao-Ning Yu
AIM: To quantify the association between alcohol consumption and dry eye syndrome (DES) with Meta-analysis of published case-control and cross-sectional studies. METHODS: Three databases were screened for potentially eligible studies through Nov. 30, 2015, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Odds ratios (ORs) were pooled with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to evaluate the relationship between alcohol consumption and DES risk. Subgroup analyses were performed according to diagnostic criteria, publication year, sample size, alcohol intake and adjusted factors...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803868/smoking-and-the-risk-of-dry-eye-a-meta-analysis
#10
Li Xu, Wei Zhang, Xiao-Yu Zhu, Tao Suo, Xian-Qun Fan, Yao Fu
AIM: To collect the evidence to estimate the correlation between smoking and the incidence of dry eye. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, last issue), CBM (Chinese BioMedical Literature Database), and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure/Chinese Academic Journals full-text Database) were searched for eligible studies published from January 1964 to December 2015 to investigate the association of smoking with the risk of dry eye...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803867/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-ophthalmological-extra-intestinal-manifestations-in-chinese-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Ying-Chao Li, Wei-Zhi Li, Chang-Rui Wu, Yun Feng, Li Ren, Chen Mi, Yang Li
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of ophthalmological extra-intestinal manifestations (O-EIMs) in Chinese patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to identify risk factors for the development of O-EIMs. METHODS: The study population consisted of Chinese patients with a definite diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) in a large teaching hospital between January 1995 and December 2014. Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients were extracted retrospectively...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803866/outcomes-of-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-intractable-lacrimal-dacryostenosis-and-associated-factors
#12
Tohru Tanigawa, Hirokazu Sasaki, Hiroshi Nonoyama, Yuichiro Horibe, Kunihiro Nishimura, Tetsuro Hoshino, Tetsuya Ogawa, Kenta Murotani, Hiromi Ueda, Masahiro Kaneda
AIM: To examine the effects of patient age, canalicular obstruction, mode of anesthesia, and duration of nasolacrimal intubation on the outcomes of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). METHODS: Totally 56 eyes of 46 patients with prolonged epiphora underwent minimally invasive endoscopic endonasal DCR. A successful surgical outcome was defined as a significant improvement in symptoms, adequate water passage from the puncta to the nasal cavity, and patency of the DCR ostium...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803865/bicanalicular-versus-monocanalicular-intubation-after-failed-probing-in-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#13
Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Najmeh Zavarzadeh, Alireza Mahmoudi, Mohammad Karim Johari, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Yalda Abrishami, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi
AIM: To investigate the clinical outcomes of different intubation techniques in the cases of failed primary probing. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 338 patients with the diagnosis of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction with age 1-4y that had failed primary probing. Intubation was performed under light sedation in operating room and the stent was left 3mo in place. Clinical outcome was investigated 3mo after tube removal. RESULTS: Bicanalicular intubation method had higher complete and relative success rates compared to monocanalicular intubation (P=0...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803864/evaluation-of-patients-with-dry-eye-disease-for-conjunctival-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-ureaplasma-urealyticum
#14
Maha Mohssen Abdelfattah, Rania Abdelmonem Khattab, Magda H Mahran, Ebrahim S Elborgy
AIM: To determine the possibility of the development of dry eye disease (DED) as a result of persistent infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Ureaplasma urealyticum in the conjunctiva of patients. METHODS: This study was conducted on 58 patients of age range 20-50y, diagnosed with DED confirmed by Schirmer I test and tear breakup time. The non-dry eye control group included 27 subjects of the same age. Ocular specimens were collected as conjunctival scrapings and swabs divided into three groups: the first used for bacterial culture, the second and third taken to detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Ureaplasma urealyticum by direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) assay and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803863/peripapillary-choroidal-thickness-in-chinese-children-using-enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography
#15
Xi-Shi Wu, Li-Jun Shen, Ru-Ru Chen, Zhe Lyu
AIM: To evaluate the peripapillary choroidal thickness (PPCT) in Chinese children, and to analyze the influencing factors. METHODS: PPCT was measured with enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) in 70 children (53 myopes and 17 non-myopes) aged 7 to 18y, with spherical equivalent refractive errors between 0.50 and -5.87 diopters (D). Peripapillary choroidal imaging was performed using circular scans of a diameter of 3.4 mm around the optic disc...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803862/clinical-research-of-fenofibrate-and-spironolactone-for-acute-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#16
Yong Chai, Rong-Qiang Liu, Jing-Lin Yi, Ling-Hong Ye, Jing Zou, Nan Jiang, Yi Shao
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of combined fenofibrate and spironolactone with fenofibrate alone for treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). METHODS: Totally 60 patients (60 eyes) with a history of acute CSCR were randomed into two groups: group A with combination of fenofibrate (200 mg) and spironolactone (100 mg), and group B with only fenofibrate (200 mg). They were taken half an hour before meals and once per day for 8wk. The changes of the visual acuity, subjective symptom, ocular surface disease index (OSDI), the tear film and optical coherence tomography were observed at 2, 4, 6, and 8wk before and after treatment...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803861/effect-of-focal-laser-photocoagulation-in-eyes-with-mild-to-moderate-non-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#17
Seong Hun Jeong, Jung Il Han, Sung Won Cho, Dong Won Lee, Chul Gu Kim, Tae Gon Lee, Jong Woo Kim
AIM: To report the effect of focal laser photocoagulation on both the severity of hard exudates (HEs) and the rate of disease progression in eyes with mild to moderate non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 33 patients (60 eyes) who had been diagnosed with mild to moderate NPDR between January 2006 and December 2012. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Group A (38 eyes in 20 patients treated using focal laser photocoagulation) and Group B (treated without laser photocoagulation)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803860/association-of-macular-pigment-optical-density-with-early-stage-of-non-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Chong-Yang She, Hong Gu, Jun Xu, Xiu-Fen Yang, Xue-Tao Ren, Ning-Pu Liu
AIM: To detect the association between macular pigment optical density (MPOD), which reflects the antioxidant ability of retina, and diabetic retinopathy (DR) and to investigate the correlated factors of MPOD. METHODS: Totally 435 subjects of urban Chinese were recruited to the study and divided into 3 groups: non-diabetes mellitus controls (NDM), diabetic patients without retinopathy (DWR), and patients with early stage of non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803859/an-eighteen-month-follow-up-study-on-the-effects-of-intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-in-diabetic-macular-edema-refractory-to-anti-vegf-therapy
#19
Fernanda Pacella, Maria Rosaria Romano, Paolo Turchetti, Giovanna Tarquini, Anna Carnovale, Antonella Mollicone, Alessandra Mastromatteo, Elena Pacella
AIM: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of dexamethasone implants in subjects affected by diabetic macular edema (DME) resistant to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. METHODS: Thirty-two DME patients were enrolled. A 700 microgram slow release Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant (Ozurdex(®)) was placed in the vitreous cavity. All patients were followed for 18mo. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measured with Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) and central macular thickness (CMT) exams were carried out at baseline (T0) and after 1 (T1), 3 (T3), 4 (T4), 6 (T6), 9 (T9), 12 (T12), 15 (T15), and 18mo (T18) post injection...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803858/implantable-collamer-lens-for-residual-refractive-error-after-corneal-refractive-surgery
#20
Xun Chen, Xiao-Ying Wang, Xi Zhang, Zhi Chen, Xing-Tao Zhou
AIM: To assess the safety, efficacy, predictability and stability of implantable collamer lens (ICL) for residual refractive error after corneal refractive surgery. METHODS: This study evaluated 19 eyes of 12 patients who underwent ICL implantation after corneal refractive surgeries. They were followed up for 1y to 5y of uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), manifest refractive error, flat and steep K value, axial length, intraocular pressure, corneal endothelial cell density, adverse events after ICL surgery...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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