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International Journal of Ophthalmology

Satoru Kase, Shohei Mori, Kousuke Noda, Susumu Ishida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Yun-Yun Li, Ya-Jie Yu, Xi-Pu Liu, Ning-Pu Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jian-Cen Tang, Hong-Ping Cui, Hao Chu, Ji Xu, Bao-Song Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jennifer Doyle, Bhaskar Gupta, Irfan Tahir
A case series was used to evaluate the efficacy of half-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). Patients were treated with standard-dose verteporfin and half-fluence PDT. Totally 13 eyes from 11 patients were included. The mean patient age was 52.0y. There was a mean reduction in central retinal thickness of 107.0 microns. Totally 7/13 eyes (53.8%) achieved resolution of subretinal fluid (SRF) on optical coherence tomography (OCT) scan after 1 treatment with PDT...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Daniah Alshowaeir, Con Yiannikas, Clare Fraser, Alexander Klistorner
To test the hypothesis that latency delay in the fellow eyes of optic neuritis (ON) patients and to compensate for delayed transmission of visual information, latency change of multi-focal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) traces in fellow eyes of 15 ON patients were analyzed. Patients with low risk (LR) for developing multiple sclerosis (MS) were examined separately from MS patients to isolate effect of cortical plasticity from potential pathological changes in disseminated disease. The small increase in latency in fellow eyes of LR group was statistically not significant...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ya-Sha Zhou, Jian Xu, Jun Peng, Yue Liu, Gen-Yan Qin, Yi-Jing Yang, Qing-Hua Peng, Han-Yu Tan
The study investigated the effects of Qingguang'an II (a Chinese medicinal preparation) on expressions of OX42 protein and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) mRNA of retinal microglia cells of rats with chronic high intraocular pressure (IOP). SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, that were: A: blank group; B: model group; C: Qingguang'an II low dose group; D: Qingguang'an II medium dose group; E: Qingguang'an II high dose group; F: Yimaikang disket (a Chinese medicinal preparation) group. Experimental rats in B, C, D, E, F groups were established the model of chronic high IOP by cauterizing of superficial scleral vein...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Georgios Labiris, Eirini-Kanella Panagiotopoulou, Vassilios P Kozobolis
A systematic review of the recent literature regarding a series of ocular diseases involved in European telemedicine projects was performed based on the PubMed, Google Scholar and Springer databases in June 2017. Literature review returned 44 eligible studies; among them, emergency ophthalmology, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, age-related macular disease, cataract and retinopathy of prematurity. The majority of studies indicate teleophthalmology as a valid, reliable and cost-efficient method for care-provision in ophthalmology patients which delivers comparable outcomes to the traditional examination methods...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ai-Jing Luo, Wei-Fu Chang, Zi-Rui Xin, Hao Ling, Jun-Jie Li, Ping-Ping Dai, Xuan-Tong Deng, Lei Zhang, Shao-Gang Li
AIM: To figure out the contributed factors of the hospitalization expenses of senile cataract patients (HECP) and build up an area-specified senile cataract diagnosis related group (DRG) of Shanghai thereby formulating the reference range of HECP and providing scientific basis for the fair use and supervision of the health care insurance fund. METHODS: The data was collected from the first page of the medical records of 22 097 hospitalized patients from tertiary hospitals in Shanghai from 2010 to 2012 whose major diagnosis were senile cataract...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Masahiko Ayaki, Motoko Kawashima, Miki Uchino, Kazuo Tsubota, Kazuno Negishi
AIM: To evaluate the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease (DED) in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, case-control study and outpatients aged 10 to 19y were recruited from six eye clinics of various practices and locations in Japan, and 253 non-DED subjects and 70 DED patients were enrolled. Participants were examined for DED-related signs. Patients were also interviewed to ascertain the presence or absence of six common DED-related symptoms: dryness, irritation, pain, eye fatigue, blurring, and photophobia...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Zhi-Qiao Liang, Lyu-Zhen Huang, Jin-Feng Qu, Ming-Wei Zhao
AIM: To assess the association between endogenous cortisol level and the risk of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). METHODS: Case-control studies were systematically searched on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for publishes between January 1990 and July 2017 to assess the association between endogenous cortisol level and CSC. The main endpoints were serum cortisol level at 8 a.m. and 24-hour urine 17-hydroxysteroids level...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Rui Shi, Lei Zhao, Feng Wang, Fen Liu, Zhuo Chen, Rong Li, Yang Liu, Rong Lin
AIM: To clarify this controversy and to provide evidence for application of lipid lowering agents in treatment of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: We searched the databases of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and abstracts from main annual meetings up to January 1, 2017. Google scholar and were also searched for unpublished relevant studies. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that studied lipid-lowering agents in type 1 or type 2 diabetes in this Meta-analysis...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Nan Jiang, Gui-Qiu Zhao, Jing Lin, Li-Ting Hu, Cheng-Ye Che, Qian Wang, Qiang Xu, Cui Li, Jie Zhang
AIM: To conduct a systematic review and quantitative Meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of combined surgery for the eyes with coexisting cataract and open angle glaucoma. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the related literature in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science databases, CNKI, CBM and Wan Fang databases, with no limitations on language or publication date. The primary efficacy estimate was identified by weighted mean difference of the percentage of intraocular pressure reduction (IOPR%) from baseline to end-point, the percentage of number of glaucoma medications reduction from pre- to post-operation, and the secondary efficacy evaluations were performed by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for complete and qualified success rate...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Evelyn Li Min Tai, Jiunn Loong Ling, Eng Hui Gan, Hussein Adil, Wan-Hitam Wan-Hazabbah
AIM: To compare the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured via optical coherence tomography (OCT) between different groups of myopia severity and controls. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. All subjects underwent a full ophthalmic examination, refraction, visual field analysis and A-scan biometry. Myopic patients were classified as low myopia (LM) [spherical equivalent (SE) from greater than -0.5 D, up to -3.0 D], moderate myopia (MM; SE greater than -3...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Zafer Cebeci, Yusuf Cem Yilmaz, Nur Kir
AIM: To report the real-life experience and clinical results of intravitreal ranibizumab injections to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in a single institution in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 101 eyes of 89 patients with nAMD treated with intravitreal ranibizumab injection, followed up for at least 24mo between 2009 and June 2014, which were evaluated retrospectively. A pro re nata (PRN) treatment protocol was performed after the patients had received three, monthly loading injections...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Elizabeth McElnea, Kirk Stephenson, Sarah Gilmore, Michael O'Keefe, David Keegan
AIM: To provide contemporary data on the aetiology, clinical features and outcomes of paediatric retinal detachment. METHODS: A retrospective review of all those under 16y who underwent surgical repair for retinal detachment at a single centre between the years 2008 and 2015 inclusive was performed. In each case the cause of retinal detachment, the type of detachment, the presence or absence of macular involvement, the number and form of reparative surgeries undertaken, and the surgical outcome achieved was recorded...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Hyun Ju Kim, Han Gyul Yoon, Seong Taeck Kim
AIM: To examine the thickness of the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) in eyes with resolved macular edema (ME) in non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), applying spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and its relationship with visual acuity. METHODS: The retrospective observational case-control study included 30 eyes of non-ischemic CRVO patients with resolved ME (ME eyes) after treatment, and 30 eyes of non-ischemic CRVO patients without ME (non-ME eyes)...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Thanaa Helmy Mohamed, Abdelrahman Gaber Salman, Riham Fawzy Elshinawy
AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of collagen matrix implant [Ologen (OLO) implant] versus mitomycin C (MMC) with subscleral trabeculectomy (SST) for the surgical treatment of congenital glaucoma (CG) in Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS). METHODS: A prospective comparative randomized study of 20 eyes of 16 patients with CG associated with SWS was divided into two groups. The first group (MMC Group) included 10 eyes that were subjected to SST with MMC. The second group (OLO Group) included 10 eyes that were subjected to trabeculectomy with a collagen matrix implant (OLO implant)...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ali Abbas El Salhy, Rabab Mohamed Elseht, Ahmed Fekry Al Maria, Saied Mohamed Abd El-Wahab Shalaby, Tarek Ragaee Hossein
AIM: To study the role of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in the assessment of the bleb function after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including all cases had undergone trabeculectomy with MMC 0.2 mg/mL for 3min. Participants were recruited from the follow-up cases at Department of Ophthalmology, Tanta University in the period from August 2015 to August 2016. Full history taking and ophthalmological examination were performed...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Tryfon Rotsos, Anastasia Tsioga, Konstantinos Andreanos, Andreas Diagourtas, Petros Petrou, Ilias Georgalas, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou
AIM: To estimate the efficacy and safety of the Ahmed implant in patients with high risk for failure after glaucoma surgery. METHODS: In 342 eyes of 342 patients with refractory glaucoma, even with application of medical treatment, the Ahmed valve was introduced for intraocular pressure (IOP) control, in the period of the last 20y. The nature of glaucoma was neovascular in 162 eyes, pseudophakic or aphakic in 49 eyes, inflammatory in 29 eyes and non working previous antiglaucomatic surgical interventions in 102 eyes...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jin-Soo Kim, Jung Yeol Choi, Ji-Won Kwon, Won Ryang Wee, Young Keun Han
AIM: To investigate the effects and safety of neodymium: yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser posterior capsulotomy with vitreous strand cutting. METHODS: A total of 40 eyes of 37 patients with symptomatic posterior capsular opacity (PCO) were included in this prospective randomized study and were randomly subjected to either cruciate pattern or round pattern Nd:YAG posterior capsulotomy with vitreous strand cutting (modified round pattern). The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), refractive error, endothelial cell count (ECC), anterior segment parameters, including anterior chamber depth (ACD) and anterior chamber angle (ACA) were measured before and 1mo after the laser posterior capsulotomy...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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