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International Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003993/abnormal-medial-rectus-insertion-presenting-exotropia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Heeyoung Choi, Hyunkyu Kim, Hyeshin Jeon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003992/giant-non-pulsatile-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy
#2
Elton Lik Tong Tay, Augustinus Laude
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003991/the-pathogenic-spectrum-of-fungal-keratitis-in-northwestern-china
#3
Na An, Xian-Ning Liu, Ya-Ni Wang, Juan-Li Zhu, Hua Yang, Jie Wu, Xiao-Zhao Yang, Xiu-Ping Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003990/glaucoma-domiciliary-service-by-optometrist
#4
Bhaskar Gupta, Usama Faridi, Naeem Gurmani, Jim Faverty, Michael Smith, Daniel Byles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003989/descemet-s-membrane-detachments-post-cataract-surgery-a-management-paradigm
#5
Chameen Samarawickrama, Jacqueline Beltz, Elsie Chan
Descemet's membrane detachments (DMD) are relatively common after cataract surgery and most do not require any treatment. However, if large DMD are not treated appropriately, significant visual morbidity can ensue. We aim to develop a guideline for the management of DMD post cataract surgery based on a retrospective review of all cases encountered at the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia over a 4-year period from 2010 to 2014. We suggest conservative management if the visual axis is not involved; however, after 3mo surgical intervention may be warranted to prevent corneal sequelae...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003988/eye-pathologies-in-neonates
#6
REVIEW
Nyaish Mansoor, Tihami Mansoor, Mansoor Ahmed
In the United Kingdom, newborn assessment incorporates a screening eye examination for any structural abnormalities, observation of neonate's visual behaviour and direct ophthalmoscopy examination looking for red reflex. Early identification and immediate management of eye related pathologies should commence soon after birth as early diagnosis and prompt intervention may have significant impact on the prognosis for many potentially blinding but treatable disorders such as congenital cataracts and retinoblastoma...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003987/biomechanics-of-the-sclera-and-effects-on-intraocular-pressure
#7
REVIEW
Xu Jia, Juan Yu, Sheng-Hui Liao, Xuan-Chu Duan
Accumulating evidence indicates that glaucoma is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGC), resulting in gradual and progressive permanent loss of vision. Reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) remains the only proven method for preventing and delaying the progression of glaucomatous visual impairment. However, the specific role of IOP in optic nerve injury remains controversial, and little is known about the biomechanical mechanism by which elevated IOP leads to the loss of RGC...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003986/therapeutic-and-inducing-effect-of-corneal-crosslinking-on-infectious-keratitis
#8
REVIEW
Liang-Zhu Jiang, Shi-Yan Qiu, Zhi-Wei Li, Xiao Zhang, Xiang-Chen Tao, Guo-Ying Mu
The corneal crosslinking (CXL) with riboflavin and ultraviolet-A (UVA) is a new therapy method to successfully treat infectious keratitis in clinical practice. However, there are rare reports on the complications of CXL such as the secondary keratitis. The diverse clinical outcomes on keratitis have highlighted the necessity to further evaluate the efficacy and complications of CXL. We reviewed the positive and negative reports on UVA/riboflavin related with keratitis and provided our opinion on the therapeutic and side effect of UVA/riboflavin crosslinking on keratitis...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003985/comparison-of-canaloplasty-and-trabeculectomy-for-open-angle-glaucoma-a-meta-analysis
#9
Zhong-Jing Lin, Shuo Xu, Shou-Yue Huang, Xiao-Bin Zhang, Yi-Sheng Zhong
AIM: To evaluate the advantage of canaloplasty compared to trabeculectomy for patients with open angle glaucoma. METHODS: Potentially relevant studies were systematically searched using various databases from inception until December 2015. The outcome analyses performed automatically using Revman 5.3 included intraocular pressure reduction (IOPR), postoperative success rate, anti-glaucoma medications reduction and the incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: We included four qualified studies incorporating a total of 215 eyes for quantitative synthesis...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003984/incidence-of-orbital-conjunctival-and-lacrimal-gland-malignant-tumors-in-usa-from-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-1973-2009
#10
Waleed M Hassan, Mohamed S Bakry, Housam M Hassan, Ahmad S Alfaar
AIM: To determine the types and incidence of tumors affecting the orbit, conjunctiva and lacrimal glands and to study the trend line of these tumors in the United States from 1973 to 2009. METHODS: We used the publicly available Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database registries to determine the incidence rates. Age was adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Patients were stratified according to age group, gender, race and histological grouping of tumor lesions...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003983/essential-infantile-esotropia-with-inferior-oblique-hyperfunction-long-term-follow-up-of-6-muscles-approach
#11
Adriano Magli, Roberta Carelli, Elisabetta Chiariello Vecchio, Francesca Esposito, Luca Rombetto, Paolo Esposito Veneruso
AIM: To evaluate long term follow-up (10y) of 6 muscle surgical approach in essential infantile esotropia (EIE). METHODS: A 6 muscle approach to EIE was retrospectively evaluated in patients with inferior oblique (IO) hyperfunction and lateral rectus (LR) pseudoparalysis, who underwent surgery at different ages. Different clinical characters were analyzed pre- and postoperatively, in patients who underwent a 6 muscles approach ≤4 years of age. All patients underwent a multiple muscles approach: bilateral medial recti (MR) recession (4-5 mm), bilateral LR resection (lower than 7 mm) and bilateral IO recession and anteroposition...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003982/assessment-of-contrast-sensitivity-loss-after-intrastromal-femtosecond-laser-and-lasik-procedure
#12
Elsa L C Mai, Ie-Bin Lian, David C K Chang
AIM: To assess the loss of contrast sensitivity (CS) function for INTRACOR or intrastromal femtosecond laser presbyopia procedure to conventional LASIK procedures. METHODS: Patients were recruited from a refractive surgery center for either INTRACOR or conventional LASIK. INTRACOR was performed on 8 eyes and LASIK was performed for 40 eyes in an overlapping period. Pre-operative evaluation and post-operative follow up for up to three months was done. Drops of CS in 4 spatial frequency (3 cpd, 6 cpd, 12 cpd and 18 cpd) right before and 3mo after the surgery were compared by Wilcoxon signed ranks test...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003981/phakic-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lens-for-unilateral-high-myopic-amblyopia-in-chinese-pediatric-patients
#13
Jing Zhang, Jin-Rong Li, Zi-Dong Chen, Min-Bin Yu, Ke-Ming Yu
AIM: To assess the outcomes of posterior chamber implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation in Chinese pediatric patients with unilateral high myopic amblyopia. METHODS: Eleven eyes of 11 amblyopic patients aged 11.02±3.34y underwent ICL (model V4, Staar Surgical Inc.) implantation to treat unilateral anisometropia were studied. Visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, contrast sensitivity, stereopsis, intraocular pressure (IOP), vaulting, corneal endothelial cell count and complications were evaluated...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003980/effect-of-incision-types-for-artisan-phakic-intraocular-lens-implantation-on-ocular-higher-order-aberrations
#14
Young Min Park, Bong Joon Choi, Jong Soo Lee
AIM: To evaluate the effect of incision types for Artisan phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) implantation on ocular higher-order aberrations (HOAs). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of the patients who had undergone Artisan PIOL implantation for the correction of myopia and followed up for at least 6mo. Patients are classified into 2 groups considering the incision type: cornea group with patients undergone clear corneal incision; sclera group with patients undergone sclera tunnel incision...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003979/evaluation-of-fundus-autofluorescence-patterns-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#15
Pradeep Venkatesh, Pradeep Sagar, Rohan Chawla, Varun Gogia, Rajpal Vohra, Yog Raj Sharma
AIM: To study the various morphological patterns of fundus autofluorescence (FAF) images in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in Indian population. METHODS: Totally 179 eyes of 104 patients with clinical diagnosis of AMD were recruited into the study. Autofluorescence images were captured using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope and the patterns of FAF were classified. RESULTS: Of 179 eyes, 27 (15.08%) were early AMD, 58 (32...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003978/panretinal-photocoagulation-versus-panretinal-photocoagulation-plus-intravitreal-bevacizumab-for-high-risk-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#16
Ai-Yi Zhou, Chen-Jing Zhou, Jing Yao, Yan-Long Quan, Bai-Chao Ren, Jian-Ming Wang
AIM: To evaluate the effects of panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) compared with PRP plus intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) in patients with high-risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) according to the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study criteria. METHODS: The data were collected retrospectively from the eyes of high-risk PDR patients, which were divided into two groups. After treated with standard PRP, the eyes were randomly assigned to receive only PRP (PRP group) or PRP plus intravitreal injection of 1...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003977/combination-of-toric-and-multifocal-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-bilateral-cataract-patients-with-unilateral-astigmatism
#17
Jing-Li Liang, Fang Tian, Hong Zhang, He Teng
AIM: To assess the binocular visual function in bilateral cataract patients with unilateral astigmatism after combined implantations of Toric with multifocal intraocular lens (IOL), and to compare with that of Toric and monofocal IOL implantation. METHODS: All the 30 patients with unilateral astigmatism suffered bilateral cataract were randomly divided into two groups: Toric plus multifocal IOL group and Toric plus monofocal IOL group. Uncorrected and corrected visual acuity at distance (5...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003976/application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-assessment-of-posterior-scleral-reinforcement-for-pathologic-myopia
#18
Jing Mo, An-Li Duan, Szy-Yann Chan, Xue-Fei Wang, Wen-Bin Wei
AIM: To investigate the effect of posterior scleral reinforcement (PSR) on circulation of pathologic myopia eyes with posterior staphyloma by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: The study included 30 pathologic myopia eyes with posterior staphyloma which underwent PSR (PSR group) for 6 to 18mo ago, and 30 age and myopia matched eyes without PSR surgery as control group. Macular, choriocapillaris and radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) flow density were measured by OCTA, and the measurements were compared between groups...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003975/preoperative-evaluation-and-outcome-of-corneal-transplantation-for-limbal-dermoids-a-ten-year-follow-up-study
#19
Meng Xin, Yue-Rong Gong, Shan-Hao Jiang, Chun-Hua Dai, Su-Xia Li, Wei-Yun Shi
AIM: To summarize preoperative evaluation and outcome of corneal transplantation for limbal dermoids for ten years. METHODS: Eighty-five patients diagnosed with limbal dermoids and treated with corneal transplantation were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were further divided into two groups according to absence or presence of neovascularization surrounding the dermoids in the corneal stroma. Eighty-two eyes were treated with tumor excision combined with partial lamellar sclerokeratoplasty, and the other three eyes were performed by penetrating keratoplasty...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003974/etiology-diagnosis-management-and-outcomes-of-epiphora-referrals-to-an-oculoplastic-practice
#20
Guang-Lin Shen, John D Ng, Xiao-Ping Ma
AIM: To investigate the etiology, diagnosis, management and outcome of epiphora referrals to an oculoplastic practice. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients referred for epiphora to an oculoplastic clinic between 2005 and 2009. Patient demographics, past history, ophthalmic examination, treatment and outcome were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 237 subjects with a primary complaint of epiphora. They included 130 (55%) females and 107 (45%) males with an average age of 55...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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