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International Journal of Ophthalmology

Dan Călugăru, Mihai Călugăru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Tian-Wei Qian, Su-Qin Yu, Xun Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Georgios Tsokolas, Benjamin Clarke, Hussein Almuhtaseb, Bhaskar Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Marzarendra Dhion Erlangga, Indra Tri Mahayana, Jajah Fachiroh, Angela Nurini Agni, Agus Supartoto, Suhardjo Pawiroranu
We aimed to evaluate interleukin-6 (IL-6) tear concentration and clinical outcome in patients with moderate-to-severe bacterial corneal ulcers post corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) therapy. This pre-post designed study involving 21 moderate-to-severe corneal ulcer patients who underwent CXL therapy. Patients with infectious corneal ulcer were given CXL therapy as adjunctive treatment after 5d of broadspectrum antibiotic treatment. Patients with moderate to severe infectious bacterial corneal ulcers were included in this study...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Young Min Park, Jong Soo Lee, Ji-Myong Yoo, Jong Moon Park, Seong-Wook Seo, In-Young Chung, Seong Jae Kim
This study is to investigate the characteristic features of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) that differentiating it from herpetic epithelial keratitis (HEK) using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Medical records of three eyes of each AK and herpetic keratitis who had AS-OCT examination were reviewed in this study. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy and AS-OCT was performed on the initial visit and on every follow-up visits in all patients. In all three AK cases, reflective bands in the corneal stroma that correspond to the area of radial keratoneuritis were observed...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Feng Yan, Feng-Jie Xia, Feng Jiang, Hyeong Gon Yu
Retrospective review of 13 eyes that had undergone pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and had a postoperative follow-up period ≥9mo in order to evaluate whether it is necessary to treat VMT in RP by vitrectomy. The 13 RP eyes suffering from VMT were evaluated by means of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), anterior and posterior binocular examination, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) before and after operation. We detected that although vitrectomy could improve the macular morphology in some RP patients with VMT, visual outcomes might be limited and unpredicted most likely because of the long-standing retinal dysfunction, but the vitrectomy is necessary in order to remain or improve the central vision in some cases...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ying-Bin Xie, Mei-Yu Ren, Qi Wang, Li-Hua Wang
Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) remains the most common complication of pediatric cataract surgery despite continuous efforts to reduce its incidence. For this reason, pediatric cataract surgeons have expended considerable effort into preventing and mitigating PCO. The intraocular lens (IOL) optic capture technique has been used for the prevention of PCO after pediatric cataract surgery for more than 20y, but there is still no professional consensus. However, recent research has shown encouraging results...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Wen Sun, Chen-Ying Yu, Jian-Ping Tong
As cataract occurs frequently in patients with glaucoma, combining phacoemulsification and endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation has been gaining attention recently due to its minimally invasive nature. A variety of studies had evaluated the efficacy and safety of this procedure and had shown extremely promising results. This review article has shown here that combined phacoemulsification and endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation procedure could effectively reduce intraocular pressure in medically uncontrolled glaucoma patients while avoiding serious complications associated with traditional cyclophotocoagulation procedure and adverse effects related to filtering surgery such as trabeculectomy...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ting Zhang, Yan-Tao Wei, Wen-Bin Huang, Rong-Jiao Liu, Ya-Jing Zuo, Li-Wen He, Li-Ting Zhong, Shao-Chong Zhang
AIM: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of peripheral myopic retinopathy among a sample of Guangzhou office workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of Guangzhou Chinese office works in different departments and units of the Guangzhou Power Supply Bureau, China, in 2016. Myopic retinopathy was recorded and analyzed with a scanning laser ophthalmoscope and by slit-lamp microscopy combined with a three-mirror contact lens. RESULTS: In total, 1910 eyes of 955 subjects (508 females and 447 males) aged 21-59y were included; 69...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Bryce de Venecia, Yasmin Bradfield, Ralph Møller Trane, Alicia Bareiro, Miguel Scalamogna
AIM: To validate the Peek Acuity mobile phone application in pediatric populations and compare its utility, both economic and diagnostic, against conventional screening methods using a pediatric ophthalmologist examination as the gold standard. METHODS: A cohort of 393 subjects from Fernando de la Mora, Paraguay (ages 6-16y) were enrolled in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned a starting screening modality among: Peek Acuity, a single line of tumbling E optotypes set at 20/40, and Spot Vision Screener...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Li-Li Wang, Wei Wang, Xiao-Tong Han, Ming-Guang He
AIM: To investigate the influence of astigmatism on visual acuity in school-aged children, and to define a cutoff for clinically significant astigmatism. METHODS: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study. Among 5053 enumerated children aged 5-15y in Guangzhou, 3729 (73.8%) children aged 7-15 with successful cycloplegic auto-refraction (1% cyclopentolate) and a reliable visual acuity measurement were included. Ocular measurement included external eye, anterior segment, media and fundus and cycloplegic auto-refraction...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Min Tang, Yan-Nian Hui, You-Yi Li, Yue He, Yang Cao, Xiao-Hong Xiang, Hong-Bin Lyu
AIM: To evaluate the value of ultra-wide field (UWF) imaging in the management of traumatic retinopathy under the condition of corneal scar or fixed small pupil after complicated ocular trauma. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients (28 eyes) with complicated ocular trauma were enrolled in the study from June 2016 to May 2017, including 19 males and 9 females with age ranged from 11 to 64 (43.42±12.62)y. All patients were treated with secondary vitrectomy after emergency operation for wound repair of open ocular trauma...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Mehmet Ozgur Cubuk, Onur Konuk, Mehmet Unal
AIM: To evaluate the long-term results of different orbital decompression techniques performed in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). METHODS: Totally 170 cases with GO underwent orbital decompression between 1994 and 2014. Patients were divided into 4 groups as medial-inferior, medial-lateral (balanced), medial-lateral-inferior, and lateral only according to the applied surgical technique. Surgical indications, regression degrees on Hertel exophthalmometer, new-onset diplopia in the primary gaze and new-onset gaze-evoked diplopia after surgery and visual acuity in cases with dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) were compared between different surgical techniques...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ponnarun Kanjanawasee, Pokpong Praneeprachachon, Parnchat Pukrushpan
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between early postoperative deviation and long-term outcome after unilateral recession and resection surgery for adult exotropia, and to evaluate exotropic shift after surgery. METHODS: This was a retroprospective study involving adult patients with exotropia who underwent unilateral recession and resection surgery and were followed up for at least 2y. The results were evaluated at 2y and the final visit. Factors influencing a successful outcome were analyzed...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Wen-Ting Luo, Tong Qiao, Hai-Yun Ye, Si-Hong Li, Quan-Li Chen
AIM: To describe the clinical features of congenital double elevator palsy (CDEP) and to evaluate various surgical outcomes between the standard Knapp and augmented Knapp procedures, based on improvements in primary eye position and ocular motility. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with CDEP at Shanghai Children's Hospital were enrolled from July 2014 to January 2018. The forced duction test (FDT) was negative in 21 patients, aged 8mo to 12y (mean 5.4y). Patients were divided into two treatment groups: 16 patients underwent the standard Knapp procedure (group A), with or without horizontal squint procedure; and 5 patients underwent the augmented Knapp procedure (Foster procedure; group B)...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Pei-Wen Lin, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Ing-Chou Lai, Jen-Chia Tsai, Yi-Chieh Poon
AIM: To investigate the intraocular retinal thickness asymmetry of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and macular layers measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with early stage of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and normal tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: A total of 117 patients with early stage of glaucoma (54 patients with POAG and 63 patients with NTG) and 32 normal subjects were recruited for the study. The pRNFL thickness, total macular layer (TML) thickness, and isolated inner macular layer (IML) thickness were measured by SD-OCT...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Xiao-Ping Ma, Man-Yi Shen, Guang-Lin Shen, Qiao-Ran Qi, Xing-Huai Sun
AIM: To determine whether glaucoma patients exhibit an abnormal melatonin concentration in serum and the effects of psychiatric disorders caused by glaucoma in melatonin secretion. METHODS: A sample of 80 primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) patients, 120 primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients, and 120 normal controls were enrolled in this study. All the participants were asked to complete the following questionnaires: Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), and self-rating depression scale (SDS)...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ramin Salouti, Ali Agha Alishiri, Reza Gharebaghi, Mostafa Naderi, Khosrow Jadidi, Ahmad Shojaei-Baghini, Mohammadreza Talebnejad, Zahra Nasiri, Seyedmorteza Hosseini, Fatemeh Heidary
AIM: To explore the relationship between different parameters of Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and Corvis ST (CST) in a sample of healthy Iranian school-aged children and the relationship between parameters of these 2 instruments against intraocular pressure (IOP), measured by the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT-IOP), age and gender, and find possible correlation between ORA and CST with GAT. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 90 healthy children...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Xiang-Ji Li, Richard Filek, Xiang-Ge He, Wei Wang, Hong Liu, Lian He, Yu-Rong Tang, Lin Xie
AIM: To investigate the incidence rate and risk factors for grade III flat anterior chamber (FAC) after glaucoma filtration surgery based on 5-year data. METHODS: Patients who underwent glaucoma filtration surgery in Daping hospital from January 2009 to December 2013 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The incidence of grade III FAC following glaucoma filtration surgery was determined. Regression analysis was performed to investigate the influence of glaucoma type, surgical approach, age, and preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) on the risk of postoperative FAC...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Li Wang, Peng Li, Xiong Guo
AIM: To compare the corneal endothelial cell counts pre- and post-operation, ultrastructure of anterior lens capsule and surgical completion after diathermic high-frequency capsulorhexis (DHC) and continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis (CCC) applied in phacoemulsification (PHACO) of white cataract surgery. METHODS: Sixty-six eyes of 66 patients (33 males and 33 females) with cataract aged between 60 and 80y (mean 72.5±5.5) were recruited and undergone the surgery from June 2014 to November 2016...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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