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International Journal of Ophthalmology

Naser Owji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jie Zhang, Ying-Bai Chen, Zi-Kui Yu, Lin Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Widya Artini, Soedarman Sjamsoe, Made Susiyanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Shuang-Yong Wang, Hai-Feng Zhu, Yan Cheng, Jie Wu, Ying Tian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Lei Ye, Ran Wei, Xin Huang, Wen-Qing Shi, Qi-Chen Yang, Qing Yuan, Pei-Wen Zhu, Nan Jiang, Biao Li, Qiong Zhou, Fu-Qing Zhou, Yi Shao
This study investigated the changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity (FC) of the whole brain in open globe injury (OGI) patients, using voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC), and their relationships with clinical features. Totally, 16 male and 2 female acute OGI patients and 18 sex, age, and education-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. All subjects were scanned through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analyses had been used to identify the VMHC in these brain areas could be used as biomarkers to distinguish OGI and from healthy control (HC)...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Mohammad Ali Abtahi, Alireza Zandi, Eslam Mandegarfard, Hamidreza Jahanbani-Ardakani, Behzad Mahaki, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi
In this study, we aimed to evaluate changes of vertical palpebral fissure height (VPFH) after unilateral lateral rectus muscle recession. Twenty-five and twenty-six patients who were candidates for lateral rectus muscle recession were assigned into "with" and "without" intermuscular septum dissection study arms. The VPFH was measured at one-day before surgery and in two weeks and three months, postoperatively. Three months after surgery, significant increase of VPFH was observed in both groups (Paired t -test; P =0...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jing Wang, Xian-Gui He, Xun Xu
The purpose of this article is to summarize the methods most commonly used to measure time spent outdoors and provide a comprehensive review of time and activity recording methods with the aim of encouraging the development of new methods. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched from Jan. 1st , 1990 to Aug. 31th , 2017. Studies including the following specific terms: "outdoor", "outside", "outdoor activity", "outside activity", "outdoor time", "outside time", and "outdoor AND measurement of time spent outdoors" were considered for this review...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Sibo Jiang, Yesenia L Franco, Yan Zhou, Jianjun Chen
Retinal diseases, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are the leading causes of blindness in adults over the age of 50 years in the US. While most of those conditions do not have a cure, currently available treatment options attempt to prevent further vision loss. For many ophthalmic drugs, an efficient delivery system to provide maximum therapeutic efficacy and promote patient compliance remains an unmet medical need. An exploration of literature via PubMed spanning from 2007 to 2017 was conducted to identify studies that have evaluated nanotechnology as platforms for delivering therapeutic agents to the posterior segment of the eye where the retina is located...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
You-Ling Liang, Song-Bai Jia
The present review describes recent advances in application of accommodating intraocular lenses (AIOLs). Standard monofocal intraocular lenses (MIOLs) only correct distance vision, while AIOLs are designed to allow both good distance vision and near vision, which is achieved through the contraction and relaxation of ciliary muscles by providing transformation of the axial movement or curvature of the lens. Thus, AIOLs may be a better choice for those patients who demand a higher level of visual performance...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Fang Guo, Qiang Zhang, Meng-Nan Fan, Le Ma, Chu Chen, Xiao-Hong Liu, Hong Jiang, Yan Liu
AIM: To investigate the associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of asthenopia among Chinese college students. METHODS: A total of 1022 students were selected from five universities by a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. They were surveyed via a self-administered questionnaire including socio-demographic features, dietary and lifestyle habits, eye-related symptoms, eye care habits and history of diseases. Ascertainment of asthenopia was based on participants' subjectively reported symptoms...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Cyrus Alinia, Maryam Tavakkoli, Alireza Lashay, Hormoz Chams
AIM: To compare the lifetime and annual economic burden of spectacles, contact lenses, and refractive surgery in correction of refractive errors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with convenience sampling which 120 patients were interviewed in a tertiary referral hospital in the Iranian health care system. The bottom-up based cost of illness approach was estimated using a face-to-face interview to assess the direct and indirect cost of different refractive errors correction of any correction technologies...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Sangshin Park, Nam-Kyong Choi
AIM: To address the association between serum total IgE levels and age-related cataract in adults. METHODS: The study participants consisted of 1052 adults aged 40y or older in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010. We performed multivariable logistic regression analyses using the quartile cut-points of total IgE levels. RESULTS: The odds ratios (ORs) for nuclear and any cataract with ≥267 kU/L of serum IgE levels were 1...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Chu Luan Nguyen, Andrew Lindsay, Eugene Wong, Michael Chilov
AIM: To evaluate the relative efficacy and safety of aflibercept for treatment of diabetic macular oedema (DMO). METHODS: A comprehensive search in MEDLINE, CENTRAL and EMBASE was undertaken for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) versus another treatment. Primary outcome measures were proportion of patients with at least 15 letters of gain or loss on a logMAR visual acuity chart, and change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT) from baseline...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Xiu-Juan Zhao, Huai-Yan Jiang, Yong-Hao Li, Bing-Qian Liu, Hong-Xia Xu, Jie Zhou, Xiao-Hong Chen, Can-Can Lyu, Wei Ma, Jin Ma, Xiao-Ling Liang, Chen-Jin Jin, Xiao-Yan Ding, Lin Lu
AIM: To analyze peripapillary atrophy β/γ zone (PPA-β/γ) and the optic disc ovality index, and to assess their associations with the axial length (AL), refractive error, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), choroidal thickness (CT), and age in highly myopic eyes. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational case series. The study included 667 patients consecutively examined for highly myopic eyes [spherical equivalent ≤-6.0 diopters (D) and AL≥26 mm] with or without myopic retinopathy...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Wan-Qing Jin, Sheng-Hai Huang, Jun Jiang, Xin-Jie Mao, Mei-Xiao Shen, Yan Lian
AIM: To investigate choroidal thickness changes in the horizontal meridian after orthokeratology. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional observed study. Subjects ( n =30; 11.3±1.7y) with low-to-moderate myopia (-1.0 to -6.0 diopters), wore orthokeratology (Ortho-K) lenses for 3mo. Before and after Ortho-K, OCT scans were made through the fovea in the horizontal meridian. Choroid thickness around the fovea was acquired by custom software. The analyzed regions along the horizontal meridian were divided into 7 equal zones...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Chen Zhao, Qi Zhang, Hai-Ying Jin, Pei-Quan Zhao
AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of vitreoretinal surgery for four different phenotypes of X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS). METHODS: This study included thirty-one eyes of 25 patients who developed XLRS with severe complications. Among the 31 eyes, there were 7 eyes with vitreous hemorrhage, 8 eyes with retinal detachment and vitreous hemorrhage, and 16 eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. All of the patients underwent standard three-port pars plana vitrectomy...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Edgar Cuervo-Lozano, Jesús Hernán González-Cortés, Abraham Olvera-Barrios, Ezequiel Treviño-Cavazos, Josué Rodríguez-Pedraza, Karim Mohamed-Noriega, Jesús Mohamed-Hamsho
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of intravitreal bevacizumab and subthreshold macular photocoagulation (SMP), for the treatment of non-center involved diabetic macular edema (non-CI DME). METHODS: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study included patients with type 2 diabetes, non-CI DME and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 0.30 logMAR or better. Each eye was randomized into three groups: group 1, monthly intravitreal bevacizumab; group 2, single SMP; group 3, single SMP and monthly bevacizumab...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Yue-Zhu Lu, Guang-Da Deng, Jing-Hua Liu, Hong Yan
AIM: To evaluate the role of intravitreal ranubizumab (IVR) in the treatment of familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) of stage 2 or greater either as primary or an ajunct to conventional treatments. METHODS: Retrospective, non-controlled clinical study. Thirty patients (37 eyes) diagnosed with FEVR were enrolled. Twenty patients (66.67%) were male and 10 patients (33.33%) were female. Age ranged from 0.4 to 35 years old (median 3y). IVR was used either as primary or as a combined therapy according to the retinal neovasuclar activities...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Shang Li, Na Liu, Li Lin, Er-Dan Sun, Jian-Da Li, Peng-Kun Li
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of Goji berry supplementation on improving macular pigment, serum zeaxanthin levels and visual acuity in patients with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A total of 114 patients (aged from 51 to 92y, mean age 69.53±8.41y) with early AMD were enrolled in our prospective, randomized controlled study. The included patients were assigned randomly to the Goji group ( n =57) with 25 g of Goji berries supplementation per day for 90d and the control group ( n =57) with their normal diet for 90d...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Yan Li, Hong-Xun Li, Yang-Chen Liu, Ya-Tu Guo, Jian-Min Gao, Bin Wu, Nan Zhang, Dong Liu, Xiao-Yong Yuan
AIM: To compare the results of axial length (AL) biometry in cataract eyes by three methods: immersion B-ultrasound (IB) biometry, immersion A-ultrasound (IA) biometry and optical low coherence reflectometry. METHODS: In this prospective observational study of eyes with cataract AL measurements were performed using immersion ultrasound and optical low coherence reflectometry device. The results were evaluated using Bland-Altman analyses. The differences between both methods were assessed using the paired t -test, and its correlation was evaluated by Pearson coefficient...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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