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International Journal of Ophthalmology

Ungsoo Samuel Kim, Eunhae Cho, Hyon J Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Cheolmin Yun, Seong-Woo Kim, Kuhl Huh, Jaeryung Oh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Tian Tian, Xun-Da Ji, Qi Zhang, Jie Peng, Pei-Quan Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Alireza Foroutan, Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Shahbaz Nekoozadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Murat Ucar, Hasan Basri Cakmak, Baha Sen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Zsuzsa Balogh, Márta Kasza, Julianna Várdai, Izabella Reznek, Judit Damjanovich, Adrienne Csutak, András Berta, Valéria Nagy
This study aimed to assess the relationship between the rate of nerve fiber loss in non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and time delay before therapy. Total 24 patients received the same treatment within or after 2wk (early and late groups). There were significantly lower level of destruction of nerve fibers (P=0.0014) and significantly better visual field sensitivity (P=0.039) in early group. The results indicate that therapy should be started within 2wk. The degree of ischemic damage due to NAION correlates well with retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and the ischemia-induced decrease in visual field sensitivity...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Wen-Qin Xu, Yu-Sheng Wang
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are commonly referred to a series of evolutionary conserved receptors which recognize and respond to various microbes and endogenous ligands. Growing evidence has demonstrated that the expression of TLRs in the retina is regulated during retinal ischemic diseases, including ischemia-reperfusion injury, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy (DR) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). TLRs can be expressed in multiple cells in the retina, such as glial cells, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), as well as photoreceptor cells and endothelium cells...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Boniface Ikenna Eze, Obiekwe Okoye, Emmanuel Nwabueze Aguwa
AIM: To assess the public's knowledge of the differences between ophthalmologists and optometrists and identify the factors associated with knowledge. METHODS: The study was a population-based random survey of adults aged 18 years or older conducted in Enugu, south eastern Nigeria, between March and June, 2011. Data on respondents' socio-demographics, clinical profile, and knowledge of the differences between ophthalmologists and optometrists were collected using a 28-item questionnaire...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Shahrokh Ramin, Mohammad Pakravan, Gholamreza Habibi, Roghayeh Ghazavi
AIM: To provide a scientometric analysis in the field of glaucoma. METHODS: A bibliometric method was used to obtain a view of the scientific production in field of glaucoma by data extracted from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) from 1993 to 2013. Specific parameters were retrieved from the ISI. Articles about glaucoma were analyzed regarding the topics' structure, history, and document relationships using HistCite software. Also, the trends in the most influential publications and authors were analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ji-Peng Li, Jing Fu, Jin-Qiong Zhou, Xiao-Zhen Wang, Wen-Ying Wang, Ning-Pu Liu
AIM: To evaluate the effect of strabismus surgery on retinal vessels calibers with digital color fundus photographs. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive strabismus patients underwent surgery, and 118 patients (female/male, 55/63) who finished 6-month follow-up were finally included in this study. Optic disc-centered digital color fundus photographs of both eyes of all patients were taken prior to surgery and 6mo post surgery. The retinal vascular caliber of 116 operated eyes were measured using the computer program IVAN...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Seoung Hyun An, Sang Wook Jin, Yoon Hyung Kwon, Won Yeol Ryu, Woo Jin Jeong, Hee Bae Ahn
AIM: To assess the effects of upper lid blepharoplasty on visual quality. METHODS: Seventy-three eyelids of 39 patients were subjected to upper lid blepharoplasty. Pre- and post-operative contrast sensitivity, visual acuity, vertical palpebral aperture and the degree of lash ptosis were measured. RESULTS: The mean log contrast sensitivities under photopic (P=0.017) and scotopic conditions (P=0.009) were improved after surgery, and these differences were significant...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jun-Feng Mao, Xiao-Bo Xia, Xiang-Bo Tang, Xue-Yong Zhang, Dan Wen
AIM: To investigate clinical features of optic nerve sheath meningioma (ONSM) that was misdiagnosed, and to find methods to reduce the misdiagnoses. METHODS: Retrospective series study. Twenty-five misdisgnosed patients with unilateral ONSM were collected from Jan. 2008 to Jan. 2015 and the clinical records reviewed. RESULTS: Patients were misdiagnosed with acute papillitis most frequently (n=17), immediately followed by optic atrophy (n=8), ischemic optic neuropathy (n=5), acute retrobulbar optic neuritis (n=5), optic disc vasculitis (n=3)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Xiu-Juan Li, Xiao-Peng Yang, Xiao-Bei Lyu
AIM: To compare the effects of scleral buckling using wide-angle viewing systems (WAVS) with that using indirect ophthalmoscope for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS: The study was a retrospective analyses of the medical records of 94 eyes (94 patients) with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Among them, 47 eyes underwent scleral buckling using WAVS with endoilluminator (Group W), and 47 eyes underwent scleral buckling using indirect ophthalmoscope (Group I)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Fernando Cruz-Gonzalez, Lucia Cabrillo-Estevez, Vanesa Rivero-Gutierrez, Ana Sanchez-Jara, Lourdes De Juan-Marcos, Rogelio Gonzalez-Sarmiento
AIM: To determine whether gene polymorphisms of the major genetic risk loci for age-related macular degeneration (AMD): ARMS2 (rs10490923), the complement factor H (CFH) (rs1410996) and HTRA1 (rs11200638) influence the response to a treatment regimen with ranibizumab for exudative AMD. METHODS: This study included 100 patients (100 eyes) with exudative AMD. Patients underwent a treatment with ranibizumab injections monthly during three months. Reinjections were made when the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) decrease five letters (ETDRS) or central subfield retinal thickness gained 100 µm in optical coherence tomography image...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jie Peng, Qi Zhang, Hai-Ying Jin, Wu-Yi Lu, Pei-Quan Zhao
AIM: To compare the results of non-mydriatic ultra-wide field imaging system, mydriatic slit-lamp lens (Volk +90 D) and mydriatic Goldmann three-mirror contact lens examinations in screening fundus lesions among patients after cataract surgery. METHODS: Non-mydriatic images were obtained with an Optomap panoramic 200Tx (Optomap 200Tx) 3d after surgery and graded by a blinded ophthalmologist. A mydriatic slit-lamp lens examination was performed by another blinded retinal specialist on the same day...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Zong-Ming Song, Xu-Ting Hu, Lei Wang, Zhi-Xiang Hu, Pei-Quan Zhao, Ding Chen
AIM: To report a simple approach to actively remove high viscosity silicone oil through a 23-gauge cannula via pars plana. METHODS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients underwent silicone oil (5700 centistokes) removal (SOR) were enrolled. A section of blood transfusion set was prepared to connect a standard 23-gauge cannula and vitrectomy machine. Silicone oil was removed with suction of 500-mm Hg vacuum through the cannula. Main outcome measures were SOR duration, number of sutured sites, intraocular pressure (IOP), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and complications...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Hu-Ping Song, Bing-Yu Tian, Jing Peng
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of toric intraocular lens markers-assisted implantation of the scleral-fixated intraocular lens (SFIOL). METHODS: From October 2010 to December 2013, all patients who had undergone secondary SFIOL implantation were assigned to group 1 and 2, in group 1 SFIOL was performed with the assist of radial keratotomy (RK)-marker, and in group 2 SFIOL was performed with the assisted of toric intraocular lens markers (T-and axis markers). Patients' demographic data and information on baseline preoperative visual acuity, indication for surgery and latest postoperative visual acuity were collected and analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Leonardo Torquetti, Carlos Arce, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Guilherme Ferrara, Paulo Ferrara, Brenno Signorelli, Armando Signorelli
AIM: To evaluate corneal parameters measured with a dual Scheimpflug analyzer in keratoconus patients implanted with intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS). METHODS: Fifty eyes of 40 keratoconus patients had Ferrara ICRS implantation from November 2010 to April 2014. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refraction, keratometry, asphericity, elevation, pachymetry, root mean square (RMS), spherical aberration and coma were studied...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Bin Zhang, Jing-Xue Ma, Dan-Yan Liu, Cong-Rong Guo, Ying-Hua Du, Xiu-Jin Guo, Yue-Xian Cui
AIM: To evaluate the effects of posterior corneal surface measurements on the accuracy of total estimated corneal astigmatism. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and posterior corneal astigmatism exceeding 0.5 diopter were enrolled in this retrospective study. The keratometric astigmatism (KA) and total corneal astigmatism (TA) were measured using a Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera to assess the outcomes of AcrySof IOL implantation...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Gui-Fang Wang, Bing Qi, Lei-Lei Tu, Lian Liu, Guo-Cheng Yu, Jing-Xiang Zhong
AIM: To construct adenovirus vectors of lumican gene by gateway recombinant cloning technology to further understand the role of lumican gene in myopia. METHODS: Gateway recombinant cloning technology was used to construct adenovirus vectors. The wild-type (wt) and mutant (mut) forms of the lumican gene were synthesized and amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The lumican cDNA fragments were purified and ligated into the adenovirus shuttle vector pDown-multiple cloning site (MCS)-/internal ribozyme entry site (IRES)/enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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