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International Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546946/comment-on-homozygosity-mapping-of-a-consanguineous-pakistani-family-affected-with-oculocutaneous-albinism-to-tyrosinase-gene
#1
Muzammil Ahmad Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546945/acute-postoperatory-visual-loss-following-bilateral-lung-transplantation-surgery-a-case-series
#2
Rosa Gutierrez-Bonet, Jorge Ruiz-Medrano, Maria Alarcon-Tomas, Mónica Hijos, Pilar Cifuentes-Canorea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546944/corticosteroid-associated-atypical-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-in-a-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Mahmut Kaya, Derya Kaya, Egemen Idiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546943/treatment-of-myopic-foveoschisis-via-macular-buckling-and-vitrectomy
#4
Si-Qi Xiong, Hai-Bo Jiang, Fang-Ling Li, Yan-Xiu Li, Jie Yang, Xiao-Bo Xia, Hui-Zhuo Xu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the treatment of myopic foveoschisis patients using the macular buckling with L-shaped titanium plate and silicon sponge combined with vitrectomy. The data of the patients who underwent macular buckling combined with vitrectomy was collected. The study recorded the following parameters: best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), axial length, intraocular pressure, central macular thickness, and the position of the titanium plate. Following the surgery, the BCVA of the included patients were improved, whereas the axial lengths were reduced followed by resolution of the foveoschisis compared with that noted prior to the operations...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546942/magnetic-nanoparticles-conjugated-with-rpe-cell-mcp-1-antibody-vegf-antibody-compounds-for-the-targeted-therapy-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-hypothesis
#5
Zhao-Jiang Du, Peng Li, Li Wang
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss in the elderly throughout the world. Treatment of AMD utilizing retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) transplantation represents a promising therapy. However, simplex RPE transplantation can only replace the diseased RPE cells, but has no abilities to stop the development of AMD. It has been indicated that oxidization triggers the development of AMD by inducing the dysfunction and degeneration of RPE cells, which results in the upregulation of local monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) expression...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546941/role-of-corneal-collagen-fibrils-in-corneal-disorders-and-related-pathological-conditions
#6
REVIEW
Hong-Yan Zhou, Yan Cao, Jie Wu, Wen-Song Zhang
The cornea is a soft tissue located at the front of the eye with the principal function of transmitting and refracting light rays to precisely sense visual information. Corneal shape, refraction, and stromal stiffness are to a large part determined by corneal fibrils, the arrangements of which define the corneal cells and their functional behaviour. However, the modality and alignment of native corneal collagen lamellae are altered in various corneal pathological states such as infection, injury, keratoconus, corneal scar formation, and keratoprosthesis...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546940/refractive-errors-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-attending-eye-clinics-in-mexico
#7
Francisco Gomez-Salazar, Abraham Campos-Romero, Humberto Gomez-Campaña, Cinthia Cruz-Zamudio, Mariano Chaidez-Felix, Nidia Leon-Sicairos, Jorge Velazquez-Roman, Hector Flores-Villaseñor, Secundino Muro-Amador, Alma Marlene Guadron-Llanos, Javier J Martinez-Garcia, Joel Murillo-Llanes, Jaime Sanchez-Cuen, Alejando Llausas-Vargas, Gerardo Alapizco-Castro, Ana Irineo-Cabrales, Enrique Graue-Hernandez, Tito Ramirez-Luquin, Adrian Canizalez-Roman
AIM: To assess the proportion of refractive errors in the Mexican population that visited primary care optometry clinics in fourteen states of Mexico. METHODS: Refractive data from 676 856 patients aged 6 to 90y were collected from optometry clinics in fourteen states of Mexico between 2014 and 2015. The refractive errors were classified by the spherical equivalent (SE), as follows: sphere+½ cylinder. Myopia (SE>-0.50 D), hyperopia (SE>+0.50 D), emmetropia (-0...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546939/demographic-features-and-visual-outcomes-of-patients-presenting-to-diabetic-photo-screening-and-treated-for-sight-threatening-retinopathy-in-fiji
#8
Riyaz Bhikoo, Neil Murray, Biu Sikivou, Stephanie Emma, Charles McGhee
AIM: To describe the demographic features and visual outcomes of patients presenting to photo-screening services, and treated for sight threatening retinopathy (STR) in a low resource setting, Fiji. METHODS: A retrospective review of all new patients who presented for diabetic photo-screening at the Diabetic Eye Clinic, Suva in 2010. Fundus images were graded using standardised guidelines. Patient demographics, retinopathy grading and visual acuity data were extracted from the database and analyzed...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546938/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Saman Maroufizadeh, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Reza Omani Samani
AIM: To estimate the overall prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Iran by a systematic review and Meta-analysis. METHODS: We conducted a search of all published literature on diabetic patients for the prevalence of DR using Web of Sciences, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and national electronic databases SID, Magiran, and Iranmedex from their inception until September 2016 with standard keywords. Pooled estimates of the DR prevalence and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using random effects models...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546937/ocular-manifestation-and-their-associated-factors-among-hiv-aids-patients-receiving-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-southern-ethiopia
#10
Anteneh Amsalu, Kindie Desta, Demiss Nigussie, Demoze Delelegne
AIM: To assess the pattern of ocular manifestation and associated factors among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at Hawassa University Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from January 2014 to April 2015. After obtaining informed written consent, 240 adult HIV/AIDS patients on HAART were randomly selected regardless of their ophthalmic symptoms, WHO status or CD4 count...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546936/clinical-characteristics-of-sibling-patients-with-comitant-strabismus
#11
Haeng Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics of sibling patients with comitant strabismus. METHODS: Sibling patients who were diagnosed with comitant strabismus from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Factors including age, sex, types of strabismus, refractive errors, angle of deviation, and coexistence of other strabismus were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients (31 pairs of siblings) were included. Of these, 26 pairs had intermittent exotropia, 3 had accommodative esotropia, and 2 had infantile esotropia...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546935/prognostic-factors-of-short-term-outcomes-of-intravitreal-ranibizumab-in-diabetic-macular-edema
#12
I-An Lai, Wei-Cherng Hsu, Chung-May Yang, Yi-Ting Hsieh
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic factors for short-term visual and anatomical improvement of intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) for diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Fifty-one eyes from 35 patients that received three consecutive monthly IVR for DME with moderate visual loss were retrospectively recruited; all cases had their baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) between 20/400 and 20/40. BCVA and central subfield thickness (CST) at baseline and month 3 were collected...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546934/foveal-thickness-reduction-after-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment-in-chronic-diabetic-macular-edema
#13
Gabriel Willmann, Antonio Brunno Nepomuceno, Katharina Messias, Leticia Barroso, Ingrid U Scott, André Messias, Rodrigo Jorge
AIM: To report foveal thickness reduction in eyes with resolution of macular edema and recovery of a foveal depression after one-year of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy for center-involving diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Foveal thickness was assessed with optical coherence tomography to determine the central subfield foveal thickness (CSFT) and macular volume in 42 eyes with DME (CSFT>275 µm). Evaluations also included measurement of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and were performed at baseline, and upon foveal depression recovery achieved after 12 monthly intravitreal injections of either 1...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546933/correlation-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-with-visual-acuity-and-macular-thickness-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#14
Elvan Alper Sengul, Ozgur Artunay, Alev Kockar, Ceyda Afacan, Rifat Rasier, Palmet Gun, Nazli Gul Yalcin, Erdal Yuzbasioglu
AIM: To investigate the place of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in the diagnosis of and prognosis for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: One hundred AMD patients and 100 healthy controls were included in the study. Blood samples were obtained from the venous blood, which is used for routine analysis, and these samples were subjected to complete blood count. NLR was defined as the neutrophil count divided by the number of lymphocytes, and PLR was defined as the platelet count divided by the number of lymphocytes...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546932/removal-of-intraocular-foreign-body-in-anterior-chamber-angle-with-prism-contact-lens-and-23-gauge-foreign-body-forceps
#15
Yan-Ming Huang, Hua Yan, Jin-Hong Cai, Hai-Bo Li
AIM: To introduce a novel approach in removal of anterior chamber angle foreign body (ACFB) using a prism contact lens and 23-gauge foreign body forceps. METHODS: Data of 42 eyes of 42 patients who had undergone removal of ACFB using a prism contact lens and 23-gauge foreign body forceps from January 2008 to October 2013 were collected and analyzed. Twenty eyes in group A received the conventional approach by using toothed forceps through corneal limbus incision, and 22 eyes in group B underwent the novel method through the opposite corneal limbus incision...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546931/quality-of-life-in-glaucoma-patients-after-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty
#16
Myrjam De Keyser, Maya De Belder, Veva De Groot
AIM: To compare quality of life and treatment satisfaction between patients who had selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) and those on medication. METHODS: A prospective clinical trial on 143 glaucoma patients that received SLT and a control group that continued using anti glaucoma medication was conducted. Tear break-up time (BUT), punctuate keratitis, need for help, use of artificial tears and the treatment satisfaction survey of intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured at baseline, 6 and 12mo...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546930/implantation-of-trabecular-micro-bypass-stent-using-a-novel-landing-strip-technique
#17
Cindy X Zheng, Marlene R Moster, Priyanka Gogte, Yang Dai, Remy S Manzi, Michael Waisbourd
AIM: To describe a novel technique of creating a landing strip within the trabecular meshwork to guide trabecular micro-bypass stent (iStent) implantation in patients who underwent phacoemulsification. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes from 30 patients who underwent iStent implantation after phacoemulsification from May 2014 to February 2015 were included in our retrospective study. All iStents were implanted via the "landing strip" technique. A 25-gauge microvitreoretinal blade was used to bisect the trabecular meshwork to less than 1 clock-hour, effectively creating a landing strip...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546929/aqueous-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-acute-primary-angle-closure-eyes
#18
Yao-Ming Liu, Shi-Da Chen, Xing-Yi Li, Wen-Bin Huang, Fei Li, Jia-Wei Wang, Ying-Qi Li, Xiu-Lan Zhang
AIM: To evaluate changes of proinflammatory cytokines in aqueous humor of patients with acute primary angle-closure (APAC) and age-related cataracts. METHODS: Twenty eyes of 20 APAC patients and 15 eyes of 15 age-related cataract patients were included in this cross-sectional study. Aqueous humor samples were collected prospectively. The levels of 20 proinflammatory cytokines were evaluated in the aqueous humor of the APAC and cataract patients using the multiplex bead immunoassay technique...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546928/modified-deep-sclerectomy-combined-with-ex-press-filtration-device-versus-trabeculectomy-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#19
Vassilios Kozobolis, Georgios D Panos, Aristeidis Konstantinidis, Miguel Teus, Georgios Labiris
AIM: To compare the efficacy of modified deep sclerectomy combined with Ex-PRESS shunt versus trabeculectomy in primary open angle glaucoma. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort comparative single-center study. Forty-nine eyes of 49 patients were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (22 patients) underwent classic trabeculectomy and group B (27 patients) underwent modified deep sclerectomy combined with insertion of Ex-PRESS model P50 drainage device...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546927/safety-of-hydroimplantation-in-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#20
Tevfik Oğurel, Reyhan Oğurel, Zafer Onaran, Kemal Örnek
AIM: To evaluate the safety of hydroimplantation in cataract surgery in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. METHODS: This prospective randomized study comprised 100 eyes of 100 consecutive patients who underwent cataract surgery and implantation of foldable intraocular lens (IOL). Each eye was assigned to group 1 or group 2. Hydroimplantation without using viscoelastic agent as group 1 (n=50), and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (Eyevisc, Biotech, India) was used in group 2 (n=50)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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