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International Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730129/bilateral-uveitis-associated-with-nivolumab-therapy-for-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report
#1
Daniel Russell Richardson, Brian Ellis, Inderjit Mehmi, Monique Leys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730128/altered-perception-of-floaters-in-dementia-causing-self-inflicted-injuries
#2
Will Griffeth, Steven Kane, Syed Khurshid Gibran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730127/combined-phacoemulsification-and-anterior-vitrectomy-in-a-case-of-anterior-megalophthalmos-with-open-angle-glaucoma-and-high-myopia
#3
Cai-Xuan Huang, Xiao-Hui Zhao, Yi-Qiao Xing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730126/pivot-concept-achieving-a-good-quality-capsulorrhexis-through-a-2-2-mm-or-less-clear-corneal-incision-by-using-standard-capsulorhexis-forceps
#4
Hung-Yuan Lin, Ya-Jung Chuang, Xin Tang, Chun-Chang Lin, Hsin-Yang Chen, Pi-Jung Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730125/hard-exudates-referral-system-in-eye-fundus-utilizing-speeded-up-robust-features
#5
Syed Ali Gohar Naqvi, Hafiz Muhammad Faisal Zafar, Ihsanul Haq
In the paper a referral system to assist the medical experts in the screening/referral of diabetic retinopathy is suggested. The system has been developed by a sequential use of different existing mathematical techniques. These techniques involve speeded up robust features (SURF), K-means clustering and visual dictionaries (VD). Three databases are mixed to test the working of the system when the sources are dissimilar. When experiments were performed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.9343 was attained. The results acquired from the system are promising...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730124/cataract-surgery-on-post-radial-keratotomy-patients
#6
Alessandro Meduri, Mario Urso, Giuseppe A Signorino, Miguel Rechichi, Cosimo Mazzotta, Stephen Kaufman
This study aims to evaluate and to compare three different approaches of cataract surgery to patients with previous radial keratotomy (RK), and to analyze the mechanical properties of the cornea after cataract surgery. Three groups of patients, each one including 8 eyes of patients with 16 RK incisions. The first group includes eyes with the first cataract incision superiorly, the second group in the temporal area, the third group in temporal area and a precautionary stabilizing suture across the RK incision adjacent to the main tunnel...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730123/iprgcs-possible-causation-accounts-for-the-higher-prevalence-of-sleep-disorders-in-glaucoma-patients
#7
Zhen-Zhen Guo, Shan-Ming Jiang, Li-Ping Zeng, Li Tang, Ni Li, Zhu-Ping Xu, Xin Wei
Sleep accounts for a third of one's lifetime, partial or complete deprivation of sleep could elicit sever disorders of body function. Previous studies have reported the higher prevalence of sleep disorders in glaucoma patients, but the definite mechanism for this phenomenon is unknown. On the other hand, it is well known by us that the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) serve additional ocular functions, called non-image-forming (NIF) functions, in the regulation of circadian rhythm, melatonin secretion, sleep, mood and others...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730122/corneal-blindness-and-current-major-treatment-concern-graft-scarcity
#8
REVIEW
Kah Hie Wong, Ka Wai Kam, Li Jia Chen, Alvin L Young
According to World Health Organization, the global prevalence of blindness in 2010 was 39 million people, among which 4% were due to corneal opacities. Often, the sole resort for visual restoration of patients with damaged corneas is corneal transplantation. However, despite rapid developments of surgical techniques, instrumentations and immunosuppressive agents, corneal blindness remains a prevalent global health issue. This is largely due to the scarcity of good quality corneal grafts. In this review, the causes of corneal blindness, its major treatment options, and the major contributory factors of corneal graft scarcity with potential solutions are discussed...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730121/age-norms-for-grating-acuity-and-contrast-sensitivity-measured-by-lea-tests-in-the-first-three-years-of-life
#9
Amal A Elgohary, Manal H Abuelela, Adel Alei Eldin
AIM: To determine age norms in the first three years of life for grating visual acuity and contrast sensitivity obtained with Lea grating test and Hiding Heidi low contrast face test. METHODS: Lea grating test was used to estimate binocular grating acuity and Hiding Heidi low contrast face test was used to estimate contrast sensitivity in 600 healthy infants and children. Age ranged from 3 to 36mo subdivided into 12 groups subjected for full ophthalmologic and pediatric examinations...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730120/retraction-notice
#10
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2015.01.27.].
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730119/predictors-for-attending-annual-eye-screening-for-diabetic-retinopathy-amongst-patients-with-diabetes-in-an-urban-community-of-beijing
#11
Yan-Hong Zou, Qian Li, Shan-Shan Cui, Wei Jia, Ning Zhang, Kai Ma, Torkel Snellingen, Xi-Pu Liu
AIM: To gain a better understanding of possible factors that may influence the decision of diabetes persons to participate in annual eye screening in an urban community setting of China. METHODS: A structured interview including questions on attendance of eye screening, knowledge and awareness of diabetic retinopathy was conducted. The presence and degree of retinopathy were assessed using two field non-mydriatic retinal photography. RESULTS: Totally 720 diabetes persons were recruited and 519 were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730118/efficiency-and-safety-of-laser-photocoagulation-with-or-without-intravitreal-ranibizumab-for-treatment-of-diabetic-macular-edema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Tian-Wei Qian, Meng-Ya Zhao, Xin-Xin Li, Xun Xu
AIM: To compare the therapeutic effect and safety of laser photocoagulation along with intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) versus laser therapy in treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Pertinent publications were identified through comprehensive searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov to identify randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing IVR+laser to laser monotherapy in patients with DME. Therapeutic effect estimates were determined by weighted mean differences (WMD) of change from baseline in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness (CRT) at 6, 12, or 24mo after initial treatment, and the risk ratios (RR) for the proportions of patients with at least 10 letters of improvement or reduction at 12mo...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730117/bevacizumab-as-adjuvant-therapy-in-the-management-of-pterygium-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Jian Liu, Jie-Hui Xu, Wen Xu, Guan-Lu Liang, Ji-Xian Lou, Yi Wang, Ji-Quan Wen, Yong-Bao Cao
AIM: To evaluate the clinical effect of bevacizumab in pterygium treatment. METHODS: A systematic review and quantitative Meta-analysis was performed. PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane database were searched for eligible literatures published in English until June 2016. The endpoint was recurrence rate and pooled risk ratio (RR) was calculated. RESULTS: Nine eligible studies were included and Meta-analysis results showed no significantly difference in patients treated with bevacizumab in short term follow-up [3mo: RR=0...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730116/factors-affecting-residual-exotropia-after-two-muscle-surgery-for-intermittent-exotropia
#14
Shailja Tibrewal, Nishtha Singh, Marazul Islam Bhuiyan, Suma Ganesh
AIM: To study the factors affecting residual exotropia (>10 PD) at 4-6wk postoperative visit following two rectus muscle surgery for intermittent exotropia [bilateral lateral rectus (LR) recession or unilateral recess resect procedure]. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with intermittent exotropia ≤50 PD who underwent two rectus muscle surgery in between Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2013 was performed. Possible factors were compared between patients with residual exotropia (>10 PD) and successful outcome (within 10 PD of orthotropia) at the 4-6wk postoperative visit...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730115/diabetic-macular-edema-in-proliferative-stage-treated-with-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-agent-and-triamcinolone-acetonide-by-laser-based-strategies
#15
Gang Qiao, Wan-Jiang Dong, Yan Dai, Zhen-Hua Jiang, Hai-Ke Guo
AIM: To appraise the effect of treatment for diabetic macular edema (DME) in proliferative stage with sufficient panrentinal photocoagulation (PRP) therapy and intravitreal injections (IV) Conbercept and posterior subtenon's triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) sequential therapy. METHODS: This prospective clinical randomized controlled trial of cross-over design was conducted in three phases. The participants included cases of DME in proliferative stage. They were divided into two groups and treated with PRP before enrollment...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730114/diagnostic-capability-of-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-parameters-in-time-domain-versus-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-for-assessing-glaucoma-in-high-myopia
#16
Mei-Ching Teng, Yi-Chieh Poon, Kuo-Chi Hung, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Ing-Chou Lai, Jen-Chia Tsai, Pei-Wen Lin, Chien-Yun Wu, Chueh-Tan Chen, Pei-Chang Wu
AIM: To evaluate and compare the diagnostic capabilities of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (p-RNFL) parameters of Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) versus Stratus OCT to detect glaucoma in patients with high myopia. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. Sixty highly myopic eyes of 60 patients were enrolled, with 30 eyes in the glaucoma group and 30 eyes in the control group. All eyes received peripapillary imaging of the optic disc using Stratus and Spectralis OCT...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730113/increased-aquaporin-1-levels-in-lens-epithelial-cells-with-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma
#17
Lei Cheng, Bing Long, Xin-Xing Guo, Li-Xin Li, Yue Xu, Lin-Lin Hao, Dan-Ying Zheng, Bing Cheng, Xing Liu
AIM: To determine the levels of aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) in the lens epithelial cells (LECs) of primary glaucoma and to clarify its correlation with lens thickness. METHODS: This study comprised 64 eyes of 64 patients with primary glaucoma, who were divided into 3 groups: 25 eyes of 25 patients with acute primary angle-closure glaucoma (APACG), 19 eyes of 19 patients with chronic primary angle-closure glaucoma (CPACG) and 20 eyes of 20 patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730112/evaluation-of-antioxidants-and-argpyrimidine-in-normal-and-cataractous-lenses-in-north-indian-population
#18
Bharani K Mynampati, Sujata Ghosh, Thungapathra Muthukumarappa, Jagat Ram
AIM: To assess the level of glutathione, thioltransferase, and argpyrimidine in nuclear and cortical cataractous lenses as well as in the clear lenses in the north Indian population. METHODS: Human cataractous lenses were collected from the patients who underwent extracapsular cataract extraction surgery; clear lenses were collected from the freshly donated eye bank eyes. Antioxidant molecules such as glutathione and thioltransferase enzyme activity were measured; simultaneously in these lenses a blue fluorophore argpyrimidine, an advanced glycation end (AGE) product level was assessed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730111/cumulative-sum-analysis-score-and-phacoemulsification-competency-learning-curve
#19
Gustavo Vedana, Filipe G Cardoso, Alexandre S Marcon, Licio E K Araújo, Matheus Zanon, Daniella C Birriel, Guilherme Watte, Albert S Jun
AIM: To use the cumulative sum analysis score (CUSUM) to construct objectively the learning curve of phacoemulsification competency. METHODS: Three second-year residents and an experienced consultant were monitored for a series of 70 phacoemulsification cases each and had their series analysed by CUSUM regarding posterior capsule rupture (PCR) and best-corrected visual acuity. The acceptable rate for PCR was <5% (lower limit h) and the unacceptable rate was >10% (upper limit h)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730110/incidence-of-cystoid-macular-edema-after-descemet-s-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty
#20
Eduard Pedemonte-Sarrias, Toni Salvador Playà, Irene Sassot Cladera, Oscar Gris, Joan Ribas Martínez, José García-Arumí, Núria Giménez
AIM: To determine the incidence of cystoid macular edema (CME) after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). METHODS: This study included all consecutive patients operated in a Spanish tertiary reference hospital over a period of four years. A total of 55 eyes from 47 patients matched the selection criteria. CME was diagnosed clinically at the slit-lamp and confirmed by optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: Six cases of CME were diagnosed postoperatively, which represented an incidence of 11%...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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