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Journal of Pregnancy

Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Netsanet Abera Assefa
Background: In Ethiopia, majority (62%) of pregnant women attend antenatal care at least once, yet only 26% deliver with skilled birth attendants in the available health units. Thus, this study explored beliefs and behaviors related to labour and skilled attendance among the women, their perspectives on health care providers, and traditional birth attendants. Methods: Sixteen key informant interviews and eight focus group discussions were conducted among purposively selected women who had previous experience of facility based childbirth but gave birth to their most recent child without skilled attendance in the last 12 months...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Gabriela Amstad Bencaiova, Alexander Krafft, Roland Zimmermann, Tilo Burkhardt
Objective: We assess and compare the efficacy of anemia treatment in pregnant women with anemia of chronic disease with true iron deficiency and in women with iron deficiency anemia. Study Design: Fifty patients with moderate anemia (hemoglobin 8.0-9.9 g/dl) and iron deficiency (ferritin < 15 μ g/l) were treated in the Anemia Clinic at the Department of Obstetrics. Results: All patients showed stimulation of erythropoiesis as evidenced by an increase in reticulocyte count at day eight of therapy and showed an increase in hemoglobin and hematocrit at the end of therapy ( p < 0...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Anthonia Ukamaka Chinweuba, Noreen Ebelechukwu Agbapuonwu, JaneLovena Enuma Onyiapat, Chidimma Egbichi Israel, Clementine Ifeyinwa Ilo, Joyce Chinenye Arinze
This cross-sectional descriptive survey investigated determinants of malaria prevention and treatment seeking behaviours of pregnant undergraduates resident in university hostels, South-East Nigeria. Purposive sampling was used to enrol 121 accessible and consenting undergraduates with self-revealed and noticeable pregnancy residing in twenty-three female hostels of four university campuses in Enugu State, Nigeria. Structured interview guide developed based on reviewed literature and WHO-recommended malaria prevention and treatment measures was used to collect students' self-report data on malaria preventive health behaviours, sick role behaviours, and clinic use using mixed methods...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Anne-Dorthe Feldthusen, Palle L Pedersen, Jacob Larsen, Tina Toft Kristensen, Christina Ellervik, Jan Kvetny
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/132718.].
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Akiko Kuzume, So Sugimi, Sachie Suga, Hiroshi Yamashita, Ichiro Yasuhi
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate whether or not the routine use of prophylactic oxytocin (RUPO) reduces the blood loss and incidence of postpartum hemorrhaging (PPH). METHODS: We used a prospective cohort and a historical control in a tertiary perinatal care center in Japan. In the prospective cohort, we introduced RUPO in April 2012 by infusing 10 units of oxytocin per 500 mL of normal saline into a venous line after anterior shoulder delivery (RUPO group). In the historical control, oxytocin was administered via a case-selective approach (historical control group)...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
J Hazart, D Le Guennec, M Accoceberry, D Lemery, A Mulliez, N Farigon, C Lahaye, M Miolanne-Debouit, Y Boirie
The aim is to compare the prevalence of maternal deficiencies in micronutrients, the obstetrical and neonatal complications after bariatric surgery according to surgical techniques, the time between surgery and conception, and BMI at the onset of pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study concerned 57 singleton pregnancies between 2011 and 2016 of 48 adult women who have undergone bariatric surgery. Small-for-gestational-age neonates were identified in 36.0% of pregnancies. With supplements intake (periconceptional period: 56...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
Educating midwives to provide nutrition advice is essential. Limited research focuses on midwives' nutrition education. This paper explores self-reported nutrition education received by Australian midwives before and after registration. It draws on quantitative and qualitative data from a larger online survey conducted with the members of the Australian College of Midwives (response rate = 6.9%, n = 329). Descriptive and content analyses were used. Of the midwives, 79.3% (n = 261) reported receiving some nutrition education during, before, and/or after registration...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Fatima Vally, Jeffrey Presneill, Thomas Cade
BACKGROUND: Current data on the rates of macrosomia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are heterogenous. No study has specifically examined macrosomia rates in women with diet-controlled gestational diabetes. AIMS: To compare the rates of macrosomia between mothers with diet-controlled GDM to mothers without diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A retrospective study in which all patients with diet-controlled GDM and singleton pregnancies in 2014 were considered for inclusion in the study...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Abduelmula R Abduelkarem, Hafsa Mustafa
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medications are widely available in pharmacies Their safety profile, however, does not extend to pregnant women. Accordingly, there should be educational programs developed for pregnant women to protect them from the harms of the side effects. AIM: This study was planned and designed with the aim of exploring the awareness and assessing the usage of OTC medications among pregnant women in Sharjah, UAE. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Khlood Bookari, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/8162645.].
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Tegene Legese Dadi, Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is a tear in the wall of uterus which carries grave risks to the mother as well as her baby. OBJECTIVES: To estimate uterine rupture bad outcomes using propensity score and its determinants in Mizan-Tepi University teaching hospital. METHODS: A case control study on 363 participants, 121 cases and 242 controls, was conducted. Data was analyzed by STATA 14. Propensity score matching analysis was used to see causes...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Meng Cai, Gopi K Kolluru, Asif Ahmed
MicroRNAs are small, noncoding RNA molecules that regulate target gene expression in the posttranscriptional level. Unlike siRNA, microRNAs are "fine-tuners" rather than "switches" in the regulation of gene expression; thus they play key roles in maintaining tissue homeostasis. The aberrant microRNA expression is implicated in the disease process. To date, numerous studies have demonstrated the regulatory roles of microRNAs in various pathophysiological conditions. In contrast, the study of microRNA in pregnancy and its associated complications, such as preeclampsia (PE), fetal growth restriction (FGR), and preterm labor, is a young field...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression and preterm birth (PTB) are major problems affecting women's health. PTB has been associated with increased risk of postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS). However, it is unclear if PTB in women with a prior history of PTB is associated with an incremental risk of PDS. This study aims to determine if PTB in women with a prior history of PTB is associated with an incremental risk of PDS. METHODS: Data come from the 2009-2011 national Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Midori Fujisaki, Seishi Furukawa, Yohei Maki, Masanao Oohashi, Koutarou Doi, Hiroshi Sameshima
Objective. To determine maternal morbidity in women with placenta previa managed with prediction of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) by ultrasonography. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken comprising forty-one women who had placenta previa with or without risk factors for MAP. Women who had all three findings (bladder line interruption, placental lacunae, and absence of the retroplacental clear zone) were regarded as high suspicion for MAP and underwent cesarean section followed by hysterectomy...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Robert A Perera, Saba W Masho
Introduction. Breastfeeding is recognized as one of the best ways to decrease infant mortality and morbidity. However, women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may have breastfeeding barriers due to the increased risk of neonatal and pregnancy complications. While the prevalence of GDM is increasing worldwide, it is important to understand the full implications of GDM on breastfeeding outcomes. The current study aims to investigate the (1) direct effect of GDM on breastfeeding duration and (2) indirect effect of GDM on breastfeeding duration through perceived benefits of breastfeeding...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Hyacinth O Ukuhor, Janet Hirst, S José Closs, William J Montelpare
Objective. The aim of this research was to explore the influence of service organisation and delivery on providers and users' interactions and decision-making in the context of Down's syndrome screening. Methods. A qualitative descriptive study involving online interviews conducted with a purposive sample of 34 community midwives, 35 pregnant women, and 15 partners from two maternity services in different health districts in England. Data were analysed using a combination of grounded theory principles and content analysis and a framework was developed...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Tammy Y Euliano, Shalom Darmanjian, Minh Tam Nguyen, John D Busowski, Neil Euliano, Anthony R Gregg
The purpose of the study was to compare the accuracy of a noninvasive fetal heart rate monitor with that of ultrasound, using a fetal scalp electrode as the gold standard, in laboring women of varying body habitus, throughout labor and delivery. Laboring women requiring fetal scalp electrode were monitored simultaneously with the investigational device (noninvasive fetal ECG), ultrasound, and fetal scalp electrode. An algorithm extracted the fetal heart rate from the noninvasive fetal ECG signal. Each noninvasive device recording was compared with fetal scalp electrode with regard to reliability by positive percent agreement and accuracy by root mean squared error...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Emilie Nor Nielsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Hanne Kristine Hegaard, Mette Juhl
Objectives. To examine the association between maternal leisure time physical activity and mode of delivery. Study Design. Population-based multicentre cohort. From the Danish Dystocia Study, we included 2,435 nulliparous women, who delivered a singleton infant in cephalic presentation at term after spontaneous onset of labor in 2004-2005. We analysed mode of delivery according to self-reported physical activity at four stages, that is, the year before pregnancy and during first, second, and third trimester, in logistic regression models...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Ana Raquel Neves, Fabiane Neves, Isabel Santos Silva, Maria do Céu Almeida, Pitorra Monteiro
Objective. To determine the contribution of drug use during pregnancy to the route of delivery. Methods. A case-control study was conducted at a hospital in Coimbra, Portugal, between 2001 and 2014. Drug-dependent pregnant women (n = 236) were compared with a control group of low risk women (n = 228) in terms of maternal characteristics, obstetric history, pregnancy complications, and labor details. Factors that influenced the mode of delivery were determined. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS v...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Elizabeth Eliet Senkoro, Amasha H Mwanamsangu, Fransisca Seraphin Chuwa, Sia Emmanuel Msuya, Oresta Peter Mnali, Benjamin G Brown, Michael Johnson Mahande
Background and Objective. Placenta previa (PP) is a potential risk factor for obstetric hemorrhage, which is a major cause of fetomaternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This study aimed to determine frequency, risk factors, and adverse fetomaternal outcomes of placenta previa in Northern Tanzania. Methodology. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using maternally-linked data from Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre birth registry spanning 2000 to 2015. All women who gave birth to singleton infants were studied...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
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