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Journal of Pregnancy

Maria Bullarbo, Helena Mattson, Anna-Karin Broman, Natalia Ödman, Thorkild F Nielsen
Objective: To investigate the effect of magnesium (Mg) supplementation in healthy pregnant women for prevention of blood pressure increase. Secondary outcomes were comparison of biomarkers for hypertensive disorders and labour and fetal outcomes between the groups. Methods: Two hundred nulliparous healthy pregnant women were double-blind randomized to receive Mg daily or placebo. Results: There were no differences in blood pressure increase...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Aram Thapsamuthdechakorn, Ratanaporn Sekararithi, Theera Tongsong
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC) and the factors associated with a successful TOLAC. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on consecutive singleton pregnancies with a previous single low-transverse cesarean section planned for TOLAC at a tertiary teaching hospital. The potential risk factors of a successful TOLAC were compared with those associated with a failed TOLAC. A simple audit system used in the first two years was also taken into account in the analysis as a potential factor for success...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Charamporn Holumyong, Kathleen Ford, Siriporn Sajjanand, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
The objective of this paper is to determine whether social support and acculturative stress were related to obtaining antenatal and postpartum care for pregnant female migrants, as well as access to health care for migrant children. The study utilized data of 987 migrant workers in Thailand who originated from hill tribes and mountain communities in Myanmar and Cambodia. Regression analysis showed that the language barrier, a crucial factor behind acculturative stress, adversely influenced access to maternal care...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Saba W Masho
Introduction: Healthcare providers play an integral role in breastfeeding education and subsequent practices; however, the education and support provided to patients may differ by type of provider. The current study aims to evaluate the association between type of birth attendant and breastfeeding duration. Methods: Data from the prospective longitudinal study, Infant Feeding Practices Survey II, was analyzed. Breastfeeding duration and exclusive breastfeeding duration were defined using the American Academy of Pediatrics' national recommendations...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Khashayar Mehdizadehkashi, Shahla Chaichian, Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Ebrahim Jafarzadepour, Zeinab Tamannaie, Bahram Moazzami, Mohaddeseh Pishgahroudsari
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/675792.].
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Dorian Fernandez, Imoleayo Salami, Janelle Davis, Florence Mbah, Aisha Kazeem, Abreah Ash, Justin Babino, Laquiesha Carter, Jason L Salemi, Kiara K Spooner, Omonike A Olaleye, Hamisu M Salihu
Objective: HIV and tuberculosis represent diseases of major public health importance worldwide. Very little is known about HIV-TB coinfection among pregnant women, especially from industrialized settings. In this study, we examined the association between TB, HIV, and HIV-TB coinfection among pregnant mothers and obstetric complications, alcohol use, drug abuse, and depression. Method: We examined inpatient hospital discharges in the United States from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2014...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Raquel González-Ochoa, Elly N Sánchez-Rodríguez, Anahi Chavarría, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina, Tania Romo-González
Gestational stress is believed to increase the risk of pregnancy failure and perinatal and adult morbidity and mortality in both the mother and her child or children. However, some contradictions might arise from methodological issues or even from differences in the philosophical grounds that guide the studies on gestational stress. Biased perspectives could lead us to use and/or design inadequate/incomplete panels of biochemical determinations and/or psychological instruments to diagnose it accurately during pregnancy, a psychoneuroimmune-endocrine state in which allostatic loads may be significant...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
D Mannaerts, L Van der Veeken, H Coppejans, Y Jacquemyn
Purpose: To compare the incidence of nausea, vomiting, and arterial hypotension between carbetocin and oxytocin to prevent haemorrhage after caesarean section (CS). Methods: A randomized controlled trial in term pregnant women undergoing planned CS. Groups were randomized to carbetocin or oxytocin. Blood pressure (BP), heart rate, presence of nausea/vomitus, and need for vasopressors were evaluated throughout surgery. Preoperative and postoperative haemoglobin and haematocrit levels were compared...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Netsanet Abera Assefa
Background: In Ethiopia, majority (62%) of pregnant women attend antenatal care at least once, yet only 26% deliver with skilled birth attendants in the available health units. Thus, this study explored beliefs and behaviors related to labour and skilled attendance among the women, their perspectives on health care providers, and traditional birth attendants. Methods: Sixteen key informant interviews and eight focus group discussions were conducted among purposively selected women who had previous experience of facility based childbirth but gave birth to their most recent child without skilled attendance in the last 12 months...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Gabriela Amstad Bencaiova, Alexander Krafft, Roland Zimmermann, Tilo Burkhardt
Objective: We assess and compare the efficacy of anemia treatment in pregnant women with anemia of chronic disease with true iron deficiency and in women with iron deficiency anemia. Study Design: Fifty patients with moderate anemia (hemoglobin 8.0-9.9 g/dl) and iron deficiency (ferritin < 15  μ g/l) were treated in the Anemia Clinic at the Department of Obstetrics. Results: All patients showed stimulation of erythropoiesis as evidenced by an increase in reticulocyte count at day eight of therapy and showed an increase in hemoglobin and hematocrit at the end of therapy ( p < 0...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Anthonia Ukamaka Chinweuba, Noreen Ebelechukwu Agbapuonwu, JaneLovena Enuma Onyiapat, Chidimma Egbichi Israel, Clementine Ifeyinwa Ilo, Joyce Chinenye Arinze
This cross-sectional descriptive survey investigated determinants of malaria prevention and treatment seeking behaviours of pregnant undergraduates resident in university hostels, South-East Nigeria. Purposive sampling was used to enrol 121 accessible and consenting undergraduates with self-revealed and noticeable pregnancy residing in twenty-three female hostels of four university campuses in Enugu State, Nigeria. Structured interview guide developed based on reviewed literature and WHO-recommended malaria prevention and treatment measures was used to collect students' self-report data on malaria preventive health behaviours, sick role behaviours, and clinic use using mixed methods...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Anne-Dorthe Feldthusen, Palle L Pedersen, Jacob Larsen, Tina Toft Kristensen, Christina Ellervik, Jan Kvetny
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/132718.].
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Akiko Kuzume, So Sugimi, Sachie Suga, Hiroshi Yamashita, Ichiro Yasuhi
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate whether or not the routine use of prophylactic oxytocin (RUPO) reduces the blood loss and incidence of postpartum hemorrhaging (PPH). METHODS: We used a prospective cohort and a historical control in a tertiary perinatal care center in Japan. In the prospective cohort, we introduced RUPO in April 2012 by infusing 10 units of oxytocin per 500 mL of normal saline into a venous line after anterior shoulder delivery (RUPO group). In the historical control, oxytocin was administered via a case-selective approach (historical control group)...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
J Hazart, D Le Guennec, M Accoceberry, D Lemery, A Mulliez, N Farigon, C Lahaye, M Miolanne-Debouit, Y Boirie
The aim is to compare the prevalence of maternal deficiencies in micronutrients, the obstetrical and neonatal complications after bariatric surgery according to surgical techniques, the time between surgery and conception, and BMI at the onset of pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study concerned 57 singleton pregnancies between 2011 and 2016 of 48 adult women who have undergone bariatric surgery. Small-for-gestational-age neonates were identified in 36.0% of pregnancies. With supplements intake (periconceptional period: 56...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
Educating midwives to provide nutrition advice is essential. Limited research focuses on midwives' nutrition education. This paper explores self-reported nutrition education received by Australian midwives before and after registration. It draws on quantitative and qualitative data from a larger online survey conducted with the members of the Australian College of Midwives (response rate = 6.9%, n = 329). Descriptive and content analyses were used. Of the midwives, 79.3% ( n = 261) reported receiving some nutrition education during, before, and/or after registration...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Fatima Vally, Jeffrey Presneill, Thomas Cade
BACKGROUND: Current data on the rates of macrosomia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are heterogenous. No study has specifically examined macrosomia rates in women with diet-controlled gestational diabetes. AIMS: To compare the rates of macrosomia between mothers with diet-controlled GDM to mothers without diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A retrospective study in which all patients with diet-controlled GDM and singleton pregnancies in 2014 were considered for inclusion in the study...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Abduelmula R Abduelkarem, Hafsa Mustafa
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medications are widely available in pharmacies Their safety profile, however, does not extend to pregnant women. Accordingly, there should be educational programs developed for pregnant women to protect them from the harms of the side effects. AIM: This study was planned and designed with the aim of exploring the awareness and assessing the usage of OTC medications among pregnant women in Sharjah, UAE. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Khlood Bookari, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/8162645.].
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Tegene Legese Dadi, Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is a tear in the wall of uterus which carries grave risks to the mother as well as her baby. OBJECTIVES: To estimate uterine rupture bad outcomes using propensity score and its determinants in Mizan-Tepi University teaching hospital. METHODS: A case control study on 363 participants, 121 cases and 242 controls, was conducted. Data was analyzed by STATA 14. Propensity score matching analysis was used to see causes...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
Meng Cai, Gopi K Kolluru, Asif Ahmed
MicroRNAs are small, noncoding RNA molecules that regulate target gene expression in the posttranscriptional level. Unlike siRNA, microRNAs are "fine-tuners" rather than "switches" in the regulation of gene expression; thus they play key roles in maintaining tissue homeostasis. The aberrant microRNA expression is implicated in the disease process. To date, numerous studies have demonstrated the regulatory roles of microRNAs in various pathophysiological conditions. In contrast, the study of microRNA in pregnancy and its associated complications, such as preeclampsia (PE), fetal growth restriction (FGR), and preterm labor, is a young field...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
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