journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AIDS Research and Treatment

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854445/messaging-circumstances-and-economic-pressures-as-influences-on-linkage-to-medical-male-circumcision-following-community-based-hiv-testing-for-men-in-rural-southwest-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#1
Hannah N Gilbert, Monique A Wyatt, Stephen Asiimwe, Bosco Turyamureeba, Elioda Tumwesigye, Heidi Van Rooyen, Ruanne V Barnabas, Connie L Celum, Norma C Ware
Voluntary medical male circumcision (MMC) reduces risk of HIV infection, but uptake remains suboptimal among certain age groups and locations in sub-Saharan Africa. We analysed qualitative data as part of the Linkages Study, a randomized controlled trial to evaluate community-based HIV testing and follow-up as interventions promoting linkage to HIV treatment and prevention in Uganda and South Africa. Fifty-two HIV-negative uncircumcised men participated in the qualitative study. They participated in semistructured individual interviews exploring (a) home HTC experience; (b) responses to test results; (c) efforts to access circumcision services; (d) outcomes of efforts; (e) experiences of follow-up support; and (f) local HIV education and support...
2018: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805805/reproduction-and-fertility-beliefs-perceptions-and-attitudes-in-people-living-with-hiv
#2
REVIEW
Vaidehi Mujumdar, Doris Berman, Katherine R Schafer
People living with HIV (PLWH) have distinct needs when it comes to reproductive health, specifically regarding fertility, family planning, and pregnancy, and these needs are often complicated by HIV status. While there is ample research that focuses on reproductive health in PLWH through a quantitative lens, there is a lack of research using qualitative methods, namely, the narrative interview model. We searched PubMed and relevant abstracts to identify 72 articles published from 1997 to 2016 that described a qualitative framework for exploring the behaviors and perceptions regarding family planning, abortion, pregnancy, parenthood, fertility, and forced sterility in PLWH...
2018: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686897/childhood-adversities-and-physical-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-adults-living-with-hiv-findings-from-the-ontario-hiv-treatment-network-cohort-study
#3
Tsegaye Bekele, Evan J Collins, Robert G Maunder, Sandra Gardner, Sergio Rueda, Jason Globerman, Thao Lan Le, Jon Hunter, Anita Benoit, Sean B Rourke, The Ohtn Cohort Study Team
We sought to estimate the prevalence of childhood adversity and examine its relationship with health outcomes among people living with HIV. Study participants included 1409 adults living with HIV and receiving care in Toronto, Canada. Data on childhood adversity, health behaviors, HIV outcome measures, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) were collected through face-to-face interviews and medical records. Statistical analyses included multivariable linear and logistic regression modeling. The prevalence of any childhood adversity was 71% (individual types ranged from 11% to 44%) and higher prevalence was associated with younger age, Indigenous or African/Caribbean/Black ethnicity, lower socioeconomic status, and higher rates of cigarette smoking and nonmedicinal drug use...
2018: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682344/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-depression-among-plhiv-in-ethiopia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-2017
#4
REVIEW
Tadele Amare, Wondale Getinet, Shegaye Shumet, Biksegn Asrat
Background: Depression is a substantial contributor to the global burden of disease and affects people in all communities across the globe. Depression is the most common psychiatric problem associated with HIV/AIDS and half of all PLWHIV with depression go underdiagnosed and untreated. Psychiatric complications of HIVAIDS delay mental health services in less affluent countries. However, there is lack of study with regard to the pooled estimation prevalence of depression in PLWHIV in Ethiopia...
2018: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593900/the-palatability-of-lopinavir-and-ritonavir-delivered-by-an-innovative-freeze-dried-fast-dissolving-tablet-formulation
#5
David W Pittman, Alexandra M Brantly, Alexandra L Drobonick, Hannah T King, Daniel C Mesta, Caroline G Richards, Manjari Lal, Manshun Lai
Negative hedonic sensory qualities of HIV antiretroviral drugs often reduce patient adherence particularly in pediatric populations requiring oral consumption. This study examines the palatability of an innovative delivery mechanism utilizing a freeze-drying-in-blister approach to create fast-dissolving tablets (FDTs) containing a fixed-dose combination of lopinavir and ritonavir (LPV/r). Consumption patterns of solutions during brief-access and long-term testing and baby foodstuff consumption were analyzed to evaluate the orosensory detection and avoidance of placebo FDTs containing no LPV/r (FDT-) and FDTs containing LPV/r (FDT+)...
2018: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552357/nasal-nitric-oxide-levels-in-hiv-infection-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Cecilia T Costiniuk, Vikram Mehraj, Jean-Pierre Routy, Christina de Castro, Natale Wasef, Mohammad-Ali Jenabian, Syim Salahuddin, Bertrand Lebouché, Joseph Cox, Jason Szabo, Marina Klein, Larry Lands, Adam J Shapiro
Introduction: Low levels of nasal NO have been associated with increased propensity to rhinosinusitis and respiratory tract infections. Our objective was to describe nasal NO levels in HIV-infected individuals versus healthy controls and determine possible risk factors for reduced nasal NO levels. Materials and Methods: HIV-infected individuals and healthy controls were recruited. Participants underwent nasal NO testing by standardized methods using a CLD88 chemiluminescence analyzer and completed the Sinonasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20) on symptoms of rhinosinusitis...
2018: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445545/hiv-stigma-in-nigeria-review-of-research-studies-policies-and-programmes
#7
REVIEW
Clifford O Odimegwu, Joshua O Akinyemi, Olatunji O Alabi
Nigeria has about 3.8 million people living with HIV, the second largest globally. Stigma and discrimination are major barriers to testing, treatment uptake, and adherence. In this review, we synthesized information on research studies, policies, and programmes related to HIV-stigma in Nigeria. This was with a view to identify critical areas that research and programmes must address in order to accelerate the progress towards zero (new infections, discrimination, and death) target by year 2030. Existing studies were mostly devoted to stigma assessment using varieties of measures...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410914/assessing-very-early-infant-diagnosis-turnaround-times-findings-from-a-birth-testing-pilot-in-lesotho
#8
Michelle M Gill, Heather J Hoffman, Majoalane Mokone, Vincent J Tukei, Matsepeli Nchephe, Mamakhetha Phalatse, Appolinaire Tiam, Laura Guay, Lynne Mofenson
Very early infant diagnosis (VEID) (testing within two weeks of life), combined with rapid treatment initiation, could reduce early infant mortality. Our study evaluated turnaround time (TAT) to receipt of infants' HIV test results and ART initiation if HIV-infected, with and without birth testing availability. Data from facility records and national databases were collected for 12 facilities offering VEID, as part of an observational prospective cohort study, and 10 noncohort facilities. HIV-exposed infants born in January-June 2016 and any cohort infant diagnosed as HIV-infected at birth or six weeks were included...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362673/challenges-in-assessing-outcomes-among-infants-of-pregnant-hiv-positive-women-receiving-art-in-uganda
#9
Barbara Castelnuovo, Frank Mubiru, Ivan Kalule, Shadia Nakalema, Agnes Kiragga
Since 2012, the WHO recommends lifelong ART with TDF+FTC/3TC+EFV for all HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women (Option B-plus). In this analysis we describe the proportion of early and late transmission in mothers with high retention in Kampala, Uganda. We included 700 pregnant women from January 2012 to August 2014 with a follow-up extended to August 2016; the median age was 31 years (IQR: 26-35), 36.3% in WHO stage 3/4; median CD4 count was 447 cells/ μ L (IQR: 301-651) and 73.3% were already on ART for a median time of 28 (IQR: 10-57) months; 52% infants were male and median weight was 3...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270318/hiv-among-female-sex-workers-in-five-cities-in-burkina-faso-a-cross-sectional-baseline-survey-to-inform-hiv-aids-programs
#10
Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Adama Baguiya, Ashley Grosso, Sara Goodman, Benoît Cesaire Samadoulougou, Marcel Lougue, Nongoba Sawadogo, Yves Traore, Nicolas Barro, Stefan Baral, Seni Kouanda
Background: Female sex workers (FSWs) are considered a vulnerable population for HIV infection and a priority for HIV/AIDS response programs. This study aimed to determine HIV prevalence among FSWs in five cities in Burkina Faso. Methods: FSWs aged 18 and older were recruited using respondent driven sampling (RDS) in five cities (Ouagadougou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Koudougou, Ouahigouya, and Tenkodogo) in Burkina Faso from 2013 to 2014. HIV testing was performed using the HIV testing national algorithm...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250442/conceptualising-the-factors-affecting-retention-in-care-of-patients-on-antiretroviral-treatment-in-kabwe-district-zambia-using-the-ecological-framework
#11
Ferdinand C Mukumbang, Joyce Chali Mwale, Brian van Wyk
Background: HIV remains a major public health challenge in Zambia. The roll-out of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has engendered new challenges in retention in care. Objective: To conceptualise the factors affecting retention in care of ART patients at three primary healthcare facilities using the ecological framework. Method: Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 45 ART patients and three focus group discussions with 20 healthcare providers from three primary healthcare facilities in Kabwe district, Zambia, and subjected to thematic content analysis...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214077/mortality-and-its-predictors-among-hiv-infected-patients-taking-antiretroviral-treatment-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Mohammed Biset Ayalew
Background: Even though the benefit of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is well established, there is a regional variation in the extent of its benefit. The aim of this review is to highlight mortality and its predictors in Ethiopian adult HIV patients who were on ART. Methods: Relevant articles were searched on PubMed and Google Scholar databases. The search terms used in different combinations were predictor/determinant/factors, mortality/death/survival, HIV, ART/HAART, and Ethiopia...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209538/disclosure-of-parental-hiv-status-to-children-experiences-of-adults-receiving-antiretroviral-treatment-at-an-urban-clinic-in-kampala-uganda
#13
Charles Peter Osingada, Monica Okuga, Rose Chalo Nabirye, Nelson Kaulukusi Sewankambo, Damalie Nakanjako
Limited data are available on the experiences of parental HIV disclosure to children in Uganda. We conducted a qualitative study comprising sixteen in-depth interviews and four focus group discussions with parents receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Analysis was done using Atlas.ti qualitative research software. Back-and-forth triangulation was done between transcripts of the in-depth interviews and focus group discussions, and themes and subthemes were developed. Barriers to parents' disclosure included perceptions that children are too young to understand what HIV infection means and fears of secondary disclosure by the children...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204296/quality-of-life-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-the-ho-municipality-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
James Osei-Yeboah, William K B A Owiredu, Gameli Kwame Norgbe, Sylvester Yao Lokpo, Christian Obirikorang, Emmanuel Alote Allotey, John Gameli Deku, Emmanuel Akomanin Asiamah, Nana Yaw Barimah Manaphraim, Prince Senyo Kwasi Nyamadi, Edward Yiadom Boakye, Tibemponi Ntoni, Roseline Avorkliyah, Romeo Asumbasiya Aduko, Seyram Tetteh Quarshie, Maxwell Jenkins Gbemu
Quality of life (QoL) is an important component in the evaluation of the wellbeing of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV). This study was aimed at evaluating the QoL of PLHIV attending the antiretroviral clinics in the Ho municipality. A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2017 to April 2017 involving 158 purposively selected HIV-positive patients who were attending the antiretroviral clinics both in the Volta Regional Hospital and Ho Municipal Hospital. An Interviewer administered standard questionnaire (WHOQOL-HIV Bref) was used to collect information on sociodemography, medical history, and the quality of life (QoL) of the respondents...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201460/early-diagnosis-of-hiv-among-infants-born-to-hiv-positive-mothers-on-option-b-plus-in-kampala-uganda
#15
Jonathan Izudi, Sylvia Auma, John Bosco Alege
Introduction: Globally, there is delay in accessing early HIV diagnosis (EID) among HIV exposed infants (HEIs). With paucity of data on EID use at Kisenyi Health Center, this study assessed factors associated with EID use among HEIs (HIV exposed infants). Method: This was a cross-sectional study of 246 HIV-positive mother-baby pairs. Data was collected by structured questionnaire, double-entered in EpiData, and analyzed with STATA using multinomial logistic regression at 5% significance level...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158917/lipodystrophy-among-hiv-infected-patients-attending-care-and-treatment-clinics-in-dar-es-salaam
#16
Marina Njelekela, Rose Mpembeni, Alfa Muhihi, Nzovu Ulenga, Eric Aris, Deodatus Kakoko
Background: HIV infection and long-term HAART use are associated with metabolic and morphological changes. We assessed prevalence, types, and risk factors associated with lipodystrophy among HIV-infected adults attending CTC in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: Analysis included 466 HIV-infected patients. Study protocol involved administration of structured questionnaire to collect sociodemographic and clinical information. Diagnosis of lipodystrophy was based on physician clinical assessment...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085677/hiv-case-management-support-service-is-associated-with-improved-cd4-counts-of-patients-receiving-care-at-the-antiretroviral-clinic-of-pantang-hospital-ghana
#17
Bismark Sarfo, Naa Ashiley Vanderpuye, Abigail Addison, Peter Nyasulu
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with individual patient-level management of HIV have received minimal attention in sub-Saharan Africa. This study determined the association between support services and cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) counts among HIV patients attending ART clinic in Ghana. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study involving adults with HIV recruited between 1 August 2014 and 31 January 2015. Data on support services were obtained through a closed-ended personal interview while the CD4 counts data were collected from their medical records...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082041/ritonavir-boosted-darunavir-plus-two-nucleoside-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-versus-other-regimens-for-initial-antiretroviral-therapy-for-people-with-hiv-infection-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Tatevik Balayan, Hacsi Horvath, George W Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Darunavir is a second-generation protease-inhibitor used with ritonavir (DRV/r) and two nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors as an option in first-line antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of DRV/r versus other regimens in patients initiating ART. We searched five bibliographic databases and other key resources. We had no language limitations. We assessed bias risk with the Cochrane tool and used GRADE to assess evidence quality...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948049/hiv-epidemic-in-tanzania-the-possible-role-of-the-key-populations
#19
REVIEW
Bonaventura C T Mpondo, Daniel W Gunda, Semvua B Kilonzo
HIV remains a public health concern in Tanzania and other Eastern and Southern African countries. Estimates show that there were about 1.4 million people living with HIV in Tanzania in the year 2013. HIV is a generalized epidemic in Tanzania with heterosexual transmission being the main route of transmission. Recently, however, there has been growing concern on the potential role of the key populations in HIV epidemic in the country. Studies done have shown significantly higher HIV prevalence in these populations compared to the general population...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831309/effect-of-efavirenz-on-endogenous-progesterone-concentrations-and-contraceptive-outcomes-among-ugandan-hiv-infected-women-coadministering-ethinylestradiol-levonorgestrel
#20
Grant Munkwase, Kuteesa R Bisaso, Othman Kakaire, Sarah Nanzigu
This study assessed the effect of efavirenz mid-dose plasma concentrations on mid-luteal endogenous progesterone concentrations and contraceptive outcomes among 49 HIV infected women coadministering ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel, including 34 HIV positive women on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) and 15 HAART naïve HIV infected women, purposively selected from Mulago Hospital, Uganda. A blood sample was collected once between days 20 and 22 of each woman's menstrual cycle for measuring endogenous progesterone and efavirenz concentrations by electrochemiluminescence technology and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), respectively...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
journal
journal
43457
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"