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International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534473/supraspinatus-tendon-pathomechanics-a-current-concepts-review
#1
Guido Spargoli
Background and Purpose: Tendinopathy of the supraspinatus muscle is a frequent cause of shoulder pain. Although it is a common condition, the pathophysiology is not fully understood. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to provide an overview of the pathophysiology of supraspinatus tendinopathy and discuss the conservative treatment solutions. Description: Supraspinatus tendinopathy is thought to be caused by both intrinsic, and extrinsic factors. Structural and biological changes happen when tendinopathy develops...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534472/efficacy-of-reflexive-neuromuscular-stabilization-during-treatment-of-scapular-dyskinesia-in-an-overhead-athlete-a-case-report
#2
Joshua D Cramer, Alan Nasypany
Background and Purpose: Shoulder injuries are common amongst overhead athletes. Dysfunctional motor patterns (scapular dyskinesis) may be the cause or result. Improperly treated, they can sideline athletes or reduce quality of life. Current treatment protocols are lengthy and may result in recurrence. Individualization of treatment is key. Functional tests, like the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA), help discern and properly identify dysfunction, paving the way for interventions like reflexive neuromuscular stabilization (RNS)...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534471/rehabilitation-of-chronic-brachial-plexus-neuropraxia-and-loss-of-cervical-extension-in-a-high-school-football-player-a-case-report
#3
Ryan A Hartley, Michael E Kordecki
Background and Purpose: Brachial plexus neuropraxia (BPN), or "burners" and "stingers", affect 50-65% of football players, with a high rate of recurrence and the potential, in rare cases, for catastrophic injury. Existing literature on rehabilitation of these athletes is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the successful and comprehensive rehabilitation of a subject with recurrent brachial plexus neuropraxia using range of motion exercises, cervical and periscapular strengthening, stabilization exercises, and activity modification...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534470/clinical-reasoning-in-the-face-of-uncertainty-conservative-physical-therapy-management-of-a-teenage-athlete-diagnosed-with-a-proximal-humeral-non-ossifying-fibroma
#4
Timothy J Reynolds, Joseph Paul Coviello, Michael Costello
Background and Purpose: There have been few published studies regarding the treatment of patients with non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs), either conservatively or operatively. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the clinical presentation and conservative management of a teenage athlete diagnosed with a proximal humerus NOF. Case Description: The subject was a 13-year-old male middle school student with a diagnosis of left shoulder pain over the prior year preventing him from participating in sports activities...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534469/conservative-treatment-continuum-for-managing-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-and-acetabular-labral-tears-in-surgical-candidates-a-case-series
#5
Joel R Narveson, Matthew D Haberl, C Nathan Vannatta, Daniel I Rhon
Background/Purpose: Femoroacetabular impingement Syndrome (FAIS) and the often-associated acetabular labral tears (ALTs) are challenging to treat and consensus to guide effective management is lacking. Recent guidelines suggest physical therapy is beneficial, yet the guidance for specific interventions is unclear. The purpose of highlighting these cases was to describe the outcomes and the clinical reasoning process driving conservative management of subjects with FAIS and ALTs that were deemed surgical candidates...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534468/acute-effects-of-muscle-energy-technique-and-joint-mobilization-on-shoulder-tightness-in-youth-throwing-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Maddox L Reed, Rebecca L Begalle, Kevin G Laudner
Background: Posterior shoulder tightness (PST), defined as limited glenohumeral (GH) horizontal adduction and internal rotation motion, is a common occurrence in overhead athletes, particularly baseball and softball players, as a result of the extreme forces on the GH joint and the high number of throwing repetitions. Despite clinical evidence suggesting the use of joint mobilizations and muscle energy techniques (MET) for treating PST, there currently are no data examining the overall effectiveness of joint mobilizations and MET to determine optimal treatment for posterior shoulder tightness...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534467/comparison-of-core-stability-and-balance-in-athletes-with-and-without-shoulder-injuries
#7
Marisa Pontillo, Sheri Silfies, Courtney M Butowicz, Charles Thigpen, Brian Sennett, David Ebaugh
Background: Relationships between core stability and lower extremity injuries have been described in the literature; however, evidence of the relationship between upper extremity injuries and core stability and balance is limited. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical measures of core stability and balance between athletes with and without non-traumatic shoulder injuries. Study Design: Cross sectional. Methods: Eighty athletes (54 males, age: 21...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534466/relationship-of-movement-screens-with-past-shoulder-or-elbow-surgeries-in-collegiate-baseball-players
#8
Andrew M Busch, Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate
Background: Upper extremity injuries commonly occur in baseball players, and can often necessitate surgical interventions. Athletes recovering from previous surgeries may be at greater risk of a secondary injury due to potential residual deficits in global movement. Identifying individuals with residual movement dysfunction following surgery during a pre-participation examination may help health care professionals identify baseball players who may be at a greater risk of re-injury in their throwing arms so that appropriate interventions can be developed...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534465/the-influence-of-sensorimotor-training-modalities-on-balance-strength-joint-function-and-plantar-foot-sensitivity-in-recreational-athletes-with-a-history-of-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#9
Sabine Deussen, Martin Alfuth
Background: Ankle sprains frequently result in persistent sensorimotor deficits. Sufficient evidence of effects of sensorimotor training using unstable devices on physical functions is lacking. There is no insight as to whether simultaneous tactile stimulation of plantar foot mechanoreceptors using textured surfaces may influence outcomes in people with a history of ankle sprain. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential effects of sensorimotor training using unstable textured surfaces on balance, strength, joint function, and plantar sensitivity in recreational athletes with a history of ankle sprain...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534464/the-effect-of-knee-joint-cooling-on-isokinetic-torque-production-of-the-knee-extensors-considerations-for-application
#10
David Rhodes, Jill Alexander
Background: Cryotherapy is commonly used in sport for the management of injury or during recovery, however the effects on concentric isokinetic strength appear unclear when considering the effect of joint cooling distal to the anterior thigh. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cooling of the knee joint on quadriceps concentric isokinetic torque production. The results will inform the use of cryotherapy in practice. Study Design: Observational cohort, Repeated Measures...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534463/non-contact-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-extremity-injury-risk-prediction-using-functional-movement-screen-and-knee-abduction-moment-an-epidemiological-observation-of-female-intercollegiate-athletes
#11
Scott E Landis, Russell T Baker, Jeffrey G Seegmiller
Background: Modifiable risk factors associated with non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are highly debated, yet the incidence rate of ACL injury continues to increase. Measures of movement quality may be an effective method for identifying individuals who are at a high risk of injury. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a movement screen and/or a drop-jump landing (DJL) task identifies female individuals at a higher risk for sustaining non-contact lower extremity (LE) injuries, particularly ACL injuries...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534462/comparison-of-non-contact-and-contact-time-loss-lower-quadrant-injury-rates-in-male-collegiate-basketball-players-a-preliminary-report
#12
Jason Brumitt, Marcey Keefer Hutchison, Jeff Houck, Dale Isaak, Amy Engilis, Jeremy Loew, Duane Duey, Kyle Nelson, Kevin Arizo
Background: Male collegiate basketball (BB) players are at risk for musculoskeletal injury. The rate of time-loss injury in men's collegiate BB, for all levels of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition, ranges from 2.8 to 4.3 per 1000 athletic exposures (AE) during practices and 4.56 to 9.9 per 1000 AE during games. The aforementioned injury rates provide valuable information for sports medicine professionals and coaching staffs. However, many of the aforementioned studies do not provide injury rates based on injury mechanism, region of the body, or player demographics...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534461/comparison-of-hip-internal-and-external-rotation-between-intercollegiate-distance-runners-and-non-running-college-students
#13
Andrew Cannon, Kevin Finn, Zi Yan
Background: The increased incidence of lower extremity injury in runners compared to the general population is well documented. The amount of passive hip rotation and the position of hip flexion or extension at which it occurs may be factors related to injury incidence. Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to measure and compare hip rotation passive range of motion in male and female runners and non-runners at 0 and 90 degrees (°) of hip flexion. Study Design: Descriptive Laboratory Study...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534460/the-start-to-run-distance-and-running-related-injury-among-obese-novice-runners-a-randomized-trial
#14
Michael Leibach Bertelsen, Mette Hansen, Sten Rasmussen, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen
Background/Purpose: High body mass index is associated with an increased risk of running-related injury among novice runners. However, the amount of running participation plays a fundamental explanatory role in regards to running-related injury development. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate if the risk of running-related injury among obese novice runners (BMI 30-35) was different when the start-to-run distance was 3km per week instead of 6km per week. Hypothesis: A start-to-run distance of 3km per week is associated with 20% fewer running-related injuries and significantly fewer symptoms of overuse injury than a start-to-run distance of 6km per week among obese novice runners...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534459/is-there-evidence-for-an-association-between-changes-in-training-load-and-running-related-injuries-a-systematic-review
#15
Camma Damsted, Simone Glad, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Henrik Sørensen, Laurent Malisoux
Background: Sudden changes (increases and decreases) in training load have been suggested to play a key role in the development of running-related injuries. However, the compiled evidence for an association between change in training load and running-related injury does not exist. Purpose: The purpose of the present systematic review was to compile the evidence from original articles examining the association between changes in training load and running-related injuries...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276024/roller-massage-survey-of-physical-therapy-professionals-and-a-commentary-on-clinical-standards-part-ii
#16
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Tony Ambler-Wright
Background: Roller massage (RM) has become a popular intervention prescribed by physical therapy (PT) professionals. While this popularity has stimulated an increase in research and product development, the trends in the use of RM among PT professionals remain undocumented. It is unknown how professionals are using RM and integrating the research into their clinical practice. Purpose: To survey and document responses in the knowledge, clinical application methods, and use of RM devices among PT professionals in the United States...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276023/a-novel-approach-to-treatment-utilizing-breathing-and-a-total-motion-release%C3%A2-exercise-program-in-a-high-school-cheerleader-with-a-diagnosis-of-frozen-shoulder-a-case-report
#17
Krystal A Tyree, James May
Background and Purpose: Frozen shoulder (FS) is a condition of the shoulder that is characterized by gradual loss of passive and active range of motion of the glenohumeral joint. Current treatment recommendations remain unclear due to the elusive etiology of FS and absence of nomenclature in the literature. The purpose of this case report is to describe the effects of treatment guided by the assessment and treatment of a breathing pattern disorder (BPD) coupled with Total Motion Release® on a 17-year high school cheerleader with a diagnosis of frozen shoulder...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276022/testing-infraspinatus-and-deltoid-muscles-with-new-technique-to-decrease-deltoid-activity-during-testing-using-emg-analysis
#18
Steven W Forbush, William D Bandy, Mark K Garrison, Leslyn C Graves, Rachel Roberts
Background: Muscle strength testing of an injured infraspinatus muscle (IM) is confounded by actions of synergistic muscles such as the posterior deltoid (PD). Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a condition for testing of the IM that results in less EMG activity of the PD musculature. The researchers hypothesized that greater inhibition of the PD could be achieved through active adduction (AA), creating reciprocal inhibition of the PD...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276021/acute-effect-of-low-intensity-eccentric-exercise-on-angle-of-peak-torque-in-subjects-with-decreased-hamstring-flexibility
#19
Satoru Nishida, Tsubasa Tomoto, Kiyoshi Maehara, Syumpei Miyakawa
Background: Decreased hamstring flexibility and the angle of peak torque (APT) occurring at a shorter muscle length are considered risk factors for hamstring strain injury. Subjects with decreased hamstring flexibility have an APT that occurs at a shorter muscle length; hence, the susceptibility to hamstring strain injury could be associated with the APT occurring at a shorter muscle length. Low-intensity eccentric exercise (ECC-Ex) may reduce hamstring strain injury risk in the subjects with decreased hamstring flexibility by allowing the APT to occur a longer muscle length...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276020/isokinetic-muscle-performance-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-control-study
#20
Alexandre R M Pelegrinelli, Leandro C Guenka, Josilainne M Dias, Lais F Dela Bela, Mariana F Silva, Felipe A Moura, Lee E Brown, Jefferson R Cardoso
Background: and Purpose: Knee muscle strength deficits have been reported in individuals who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Isokinetic testing is a valid way to assess muscle strength. Some isokinetic variables, including the range of motion in the phases to attain a specific velocity, load range (sustained specific velocity), time to achieve deceleration, and qualitative analysis of the torque-angle velocity relationship, may contribute to understanding recovery of these individuals after surgery...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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