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International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234567/nerve-entrapment-in-the-hip-region-current-concepts-review
#1
RobRoy Martin, Hal David Martin, Benjamin R Kivlan
The purpose of this clinical commentary is to review the anatomy, etiology, evaluation, and treatment techniques for nerve entrapments of the hip region. Nerve entrapment can occur around musculotendinous, osseous, and ligamentous structures because of the potential for increased strain and compression on the peripheral nerve at those sites. The sequela of localized trauma may also result in nerve entrapment if normal nerve gliding is prevented. Nerve entrapment can be difficult to diagnose because patient complaints may be similar to and coexist with other musculoskeletal conditions in the hip and pelvic region...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234566/the-rehabilitation-of-a-runner-with-iliopsoas-tendinopathy-using-an-eccentric-biased-exercise-a-case-report
#2
Carla Rauseo
Background and Purpose: While there is much discussion about tendinopathy in the literature, there is little reference to the less common condition of iliopsoas tendinopathy, and no documentation of the condition in runners. The iliopsoas is a major decelerator of the hip and eccentric loading of the iliopsoas is an important component of energy transfer during running. Eccentric training is a thoroughly researched method of treating tendinopathy but has shown mixed results. The purpose of this case report is to describe the rehabilitation of a runner with iliopsoas tendinopathy, and demonstrate in a creative eccentric-biased technique to assist with treatment...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234565/reliability-of-ankle-foot-morphology-mobility-strength-and-motor-performance-measures
#3
John J Fraser, Rachel M Koldenhoven, Susan A Saliba, Jay Hertel
Background: Assessment of foot posture, morphology, intersegmental mobility, strength and motor control of the ankle-foot complex are commonly used clinically, but measurement properties of many assessments are unclear. Purpose: To determine test-retest and inter-rater reliability, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change of morphology, joint excursion and play, strength, and motor control of the ankle-foot complex. Design: Reliability study...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234564/shoulder-external-rotator-eccentric-training-versus-general-shoulder-exercise-for-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Eric J Chaconas, Morey J Kolber, William J Hanney, Matthew L Daugherty, Stanley H Wilson, Charles Sheets
Background: Shoulder pain affects up to 67% of the population at some point in their lifetime with subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) representing a common etiology. Despite a plethora of studies there remains conflicting evidence for appropriate management of SAPS. Purpose: To compare outcomes, for individuals diagnosed with SAPS, performing a 6-week protocol of eccentric training of the shoulder external rotators (ETER) compared to a general exercise (GE) protocol...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234563/postural-alterations-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#5
Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Margaret M Roebuck, Ahmed T Makki, Simon P Frostick
Background: An aberrant upper body posture has been proposed as one of the etiological factors contributing to the development of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Clinicians have translated this supposition into assessment and rehabilitation programs despite insufficient and conflicting evidence to support this approach. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare several postural variables between the SAIS patients and asymptomatic healthy controls...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234562/isokinetic-knee-muscle-strength-profile-in-brazilian-male-soccer-futsal-and-beach-soccer-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Claudio A B de Lira, Naryana C Mascarin, Valentine Z Vargas, Rodrigo L Vancini, Marília S Andrade
Background: Anterior cruciate ligament injury is higher in soccer athletes as compared to athletes of other sports. Risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injury include low knee hamstring/quadriceps strength ratio and bilateral strength deficits. Purpose: To investigate isokinetic thigh muscles strength, hamstring/quadriceps strength ratio, and bilateral strength comparisons in athletes who participate in professional soccer, futsal, and beach soccer. Study Design: Cross-sectional study...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234561/comparison-of-functional-activities-on-structural-changes-of-the-inferior-patellar-pole
#7
Kelli McKinney, Harvey Wallmann, Patrick Stalcup, Katie DiTommaso
Background: It is well known that eccentric and concentric exercise produce varied amounts of stress on the connective tissues. Diagnostic ultrasound has been used to measure these structural changes by observing fascicle length, angle, and thickness; however, there is a lack of evidence comparing the structural changes as it relates to eccentric, concentric, and stretching protocols. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of static stretching, eccentric, concentric, and a combination of eccentric/concentric exercises on structural changes of the muscle tendon unit at the inferior patellar pole utilizing the diagnostic ultrasound...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234560/collegiate-male-soccer-players-exhibit-between-limb-symmetry-in-body-composition-muscle-strength-and-range-of-motion
#8
Matthew D DeLang, Melodie Kondratek, Lorenzo J DiPace, Tamara Hew-Butler
Background: Functional and structural asymmetries attributed to limb dominance are equivocal in soccer players. Previous authors hypothesize the existence of between-limb asymmetry secondary to the repetitive unilateral nature of kicking. However, symmetry is often present, particularly in measures of muscle strength. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to determine if lateral dominance is accompanied by corresponding between-limb asymmetries in a comprehensive assessment of body composition, muscle strength, and range of motion in healthy soccer players...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234559/clinical-measures-of-hip-range-of-motion-do-not-correlate-with-the-degree-of-cam-morphology-in-semi-elite-australian-footballers-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Myles Murphy, Joanne Kemp, Anne Smith, Jonathon Charlesworth, Kathy Briffa
Background: Clinical testing to determine the presence of a cam morphology is becoming more common however the correlation between hip range of motion and the degree of cam morphology remains controversial in the literature. The prevalence of a cam morphology in athletes has been reported as higher than in the general population but the prevalence of cam morphology has not been reported in Australian Football (AF). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between hip range of motion and hip alpha angle and report the proportion of players with a cam morphology in a sample of AF players...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234558/length-change-of-the-short-external-rotators-of-the-hip-in-common-stretch-positions-a-cadaveric-study
#10
Ryan P McGovern, Benjamin R Kivlan, RobRoy L Martin
Background: Stretching of the deep rotators of the hip is commonly employed in patients with lumbosacral, sacroiliac, posterior hip, and buttock pain. There is limited research demonstrating the effectiveness of common stretching techniques on the short external rotators of the hip. Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate length change during stretching of the superior and inferior fibers of the piriformis, superior gemellus, obturator internus, and inferior gemellus...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234557/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-lever-sign-for-detecting-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#11
Edward P Mulligan, Amanda Anderson, Seth Watson, Robert J Dimeff
Background: An alternative physical examination procedure for evaluating the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has been proposed in the literature but has not been validated in a broad population of patients with a symptomatic complaint of knee pain for its diagnostic value. Purpose: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the Lever Sign to detect ACL tears and compare the results to Lachman testing in both supine and prone positions. Study design: Prospective, blinded, diagnostic accuracy study...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#12
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234555/spinal-and-peripheral-dry-needling-versus-peripheral-dry-needling-alone-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Ainsley Rossi, Sara Blaustein, Joshua Brown, Kari Dieffenderfer, Elaine Ervin, Steven Griffin, Elizabeth Frierson, Kathleen Geist, Marie Johanson
Background: In addition to established interventions, dry needling may reduce impairments leading to greater functional abilities for individuals following ankle sprain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare effects of spinal and peripheral dry needling (DN) with peripheral DN alone on impairments and functional performance among individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprain. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234554/the-influence-of-extrinsic-factors-on-knee-biomechanics-during-cycling-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Therese E Johnston, Tiara A Baskins, Rachael V Koppel, Samuel A Oliver, Donald J Stieber, Lisa T Hoglund
Background: The knee is susceptible to injury during cycling due to the repetitive nature of the activity while generating torque on the pedal. Knee pain is the most common overuse related injury reported by cyclists, and intrinsic and extrinsic factors can contribute to the development of knee pain. Purpose: Due to the potential for various knee injuries, this purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to determine the association between biomechanical factors and knee injury risk in cyclists...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234553/gait-deficits-under-dual-task-conditions-in-the-concussed-adolescent-and-young-athlete-population-a-systematic-review
#15
Larisa Grants, Bailey Powell, Cody Gessel, Faith Hiser, Amy Hassen
Background: There are no current sport concussion assessments that capture the effects of dual-task conditions on gait. Multiple studies have evaluated changes, but none have comprehensively examined literature related to the adolescent and young adult population.Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize documented changes in gait under dual-task conditions in adolescents and young adults after sustaining a concussion.Study Design: Systematic Review. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was consulted to guide this systematic review...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#16
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158959/the-relationship-between-pre-operative-and-twelve-week-post-operative-y-balance-and-quadriceps-strength-in-athletes-with-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear
#17
Cassidy Hallagin, J Craig Garrison, Kalyssa Creed, James M Bothwell, Shiho Goto, Joseph Hannon
Background: Pre-operative quadriceps strength may have a positive influence on post-operative function and outcomes at time of return to sport. Little consideration has been given to quadriceps strength during the early post-operative timeframes. Twelve-week post-operative anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) is considered a critical time point for progression in the rehabilitation process. There is currently limited research looking at the relationship between clinical measurements pre-operatively and at 12-weeks following ACL-R...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158958/the-functional-movement-screen-fms%C3%A2-in-elite-young-soccer-players-between-14-and-20-years-composite-score-individual-test-scores-and-asymmetries
#18
Vanessa Bernardes Marques, Thales Menezes Medeiros, Felipe de Souza Stigger, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
Background: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a widely used seven-test battery used by practitioners working in sport medicine. The FMS™ composite score (sum of seven tests) in soccer athletes from different competitive levels has been well explored in literature, but the specific movement deficits presented by young high competitive level players remains unclear. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to provide a detailed description of the performance of elite young soccer players (age 14-20 years) on the FMS™ testing battery...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158957/relationship-of-preseason-movement-screens-with-overuse-symptoms-in-collegiate-baseball-players
#19
Andrew M Busch, Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate, Vincent K Ramsey, Fred Cromartie
Background: The shoulder mobility screen of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) and the upper extremity patterns of the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) assess global, multi-joint movement capabilities in the upper-extremities. Identifying which assessment can most accurately determine if baseball players are at an increased risk of experiencing overuse symptoms in the shoulder or elbow throughout a competitive season may reduce throwing-related injuries requiring medical attention...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158956/validity-of-functional-screening-tests-to-predict-lost-time-lower-quarter-injury-in-a-cohort-of-female-collegiate-athletes
#20
P David Walbright, Nicole Walbright, Heidi Ojha, Todd Davenport
Background: Lower quarter injuries account for more than 50% of all injuries in collegiate athletics. Neuromuscular screening tests could potentially identify athletes who are at risk for sustaining an injury. While previous research has studied individual tests, the authors of this paper are unaware of any study that has compared diagnostic accuracy of multiple neuromuscular screening tests within one study cohort. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of three common neuromuscular screening tests to predict the occurrence of a lower quarter injury in female collegiate volleyball and basketball players...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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