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International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276024/roller-massage-survey-of-physical-therapy-professionals-and-a-commentary-on-clinical-standards-part-ii
#1
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Tony Ambler-Wright
Background: Roller massage (RM) has become a popular intervention prescribed by physical therapy (PT) professionals. While this popularity has stimulated an increase in research and product development, the trends in the use of RM among PT professionals remain undocumented. It is unknown how professionals are using RM and integrating the research into their clinical practice. Purpose: To survey and document responses in the knowledge, clinical application methods, and use of RM devices among PT professionals in the United States...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276023/a-novel-approach-to-treatment-utilizing-breathing-and-a-total-motion-release%C3%A2-exercise-program-in-a-high-school-cheerleader-with-a-diagnosis-of-frozen-shoulder-a-case-report
#2
Krystal A Tyree, James May
Background and Purpose: Frozen shoulder (FS) is a condition of the shoulder that is characterized by gradual loss of passive and active range of motion of the glenohumeral joint. Current treatment recommendations remain unclear due to the elusive etiology of FS and absence of nomenclature in the literature. The purpose of this case report is to describe the effects of treatment guided by the assessment and treatment of a breathing pattern disorder (BPD) coupled with Total Motion Release® on a 17-year high school cheerleader with a diagnosis of frozen shoulder...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276022/testing-infraspinatus-and-deltoid-muscles-with-new-technique-to-decrease-deltoid-activity-during-testing-using-emg-analysis
#3
Steven W Forbush, William D Bandy, Mark K Garrison, Leslyn C Graves, Rachel Roberts
Background: Muscle strength testing of an injured infraspinatus muscle (IM) is confounded by actions of synergistic muscles such as the posterior deltoid (PD). Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a condition for testing of the IM that results in less EMG activity of the PD musculature. The researchers hypothesized that greater inhibition of the PD could be achieved through active adduction (AA), creating reciprocal inhibition of the PD...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276021/acute-effect-of-low-intensity-eccentric-exercise-on-angle-of-peak-torque-in-subjects-with-decreased-hamstring-flexibility
#4
Satoru Nishida, Tsubasa Tomoto, Kiyoshi Maehara, Syumpei Miyakawa
Background: Decreased hamstring flexibility and the angle of peak torque (APT) occurring at a shorter muscle length are considered risk factors for hamstring strain injury. Subjects with decreased hamstring flexibility have an APT that occurs at a shorter muscle length; hence, the susceptibility to hamstring strain injury could be associated with the APT occurring at a shorter muscle length. Low-intensity eccentric exercise (ECC-Ex) may reduce hamstring strain injury risk in the subjects with decreased hamstring flexibility by allowing the APT to occur a longer muscle length...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276020/isokinetic-muscle-performance-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-control-study
#5
Alexandre R M Pelegrinelli, Leandro C Guenka, Josilainne M Dias, Lais F Dela Bela, Mariana F Silva, Felipe A Moura, Lee E Brown, Jefferson R Cardoso
Background: and Purpose: Knee muscle strength deficits have been reported in individuals who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Isokinetic testing is a valid way to assess muscle strength. Some isokinetic variables, including the range of motion in the phases to attain a specific velocity, load range (sustained specific velocity), time to achieve deceleration, and qualitative analysis of the torque-angle velocity relationship, may contribute to understanding recovery of these individuals after surgery...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276019/comparison-of-bilateral-and-unilateral-squat-exercises-on-barbell-kinematics-and-muscle-activation
#6
Wiliam Eliassen, Atle Hole Saeterbakken, Roland van den Tillaar
Purpose/Background: Bilateral squats are commonly used in lower body strength training programs, while unilateral squats are mainly used as additional or rehabilitative exercises. Little has been reported regarding the kinetics, kinematics and muscle activation in unilateral squats in comparison to bilateral squats. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare muscle activity, kinetics, and barbell kinematics between unilateral and bilateral squats with the same external load per leg in experienced resistance-trained participants...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276018/validity-and-reliability-of-the-fitbit-flex%C3%A2-and-actigraph-gt3x-at-jogging-and-running-speeds
#7
Denise Jones, Kay Crossley, Ben Dascombe, Harvi F Hart, Joanne Kemp
Background: Monitoring levels of physical activity, as an outcome or in guiding rehabilitation, is challenging for clinicians. Personal activity monitors are increasing in popularity and provide potential to enhance rehabilitation protocols. However, research to support the validity and reliability of these devices at jogging and running speeds is limited. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Fitbit Flex™ and ActiGraph GT3X + for measuring step count at jogging and running speeds...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276017/acute-effects-of-two-hip-flexor-stretching-techniques-on-knee-joint-position-sense-and-balance
#8
Hussain I Younis Aslan, Harsh H Buddhadev, David N Suprak, Jun G San Juan
Background: Tightness of hip flexor muscles has been recognized as a risk factor for various musculoskeletal injuries in the lower extremities. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of two hip flexor stretching techniques (dynamic and hold-relax proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, HR-PNF) on hip extension (ROM), knee joint position sense (JPS) and balance in healthy college age students who exhibit tightness in hip flexor muscles...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276016/four-weeks-of-roller-massage-training-did-not-impact-range-of-motion-pain-pressure-threshold-voluntary-contractile-properties-or-jump-performance
#9
Daniel D Hodgson, Camila D Lima, Jonathan L Low, David G Behm
Background: Roller massagers are popular devices that are used to improve range of motion (ROM), enhance recovery from muscle soreness, and reduce pain under acute conditions. However, the effects of roller massage training and training frequency are unknown. Purpose: The objective was to compare two different roller massage training frequencies on muscle performance. Study Design: Randomized controlled intervention study. Methods: Twenty-three recreationally active university students were randomly allocated to three groups: control (n=8;), rolling three (3/W; n=8;) and six (6/W; n=7) times per week for four weeks...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276015/the-impact-of-warm-up-on-youth-golfer-clubhead-speed-and-self-reported-shot-quality
#10
Daniel Coughlan, Matthew Jd Taylor, Joanna Jackson
Background/Purpose: Physical preparation in golf is now considered a key component of the game. With players becoming more athletic, warm-up has become an important area in a player's preparation for practice and competition. Much of the research to date has focused on the adult golfer, showing potential for improvements in clubhead speed, driving distance and shot quality, as well as reductions in injury risk. However, there is currently no work specifically investigating the impacts of warm-up in youth golf...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276014/the-relationship-between-trunk-rotation-upper-quarter-dynamic-stability-and-the-kerlan-jobe-orthopaedic-clinic-overhead-athlete-shoulder-and-elbow-score-in-division-i-collegiate-pitchers
#11
Patrick Chasse, Garrett S Bullock, Abigail C Schmitt, Barrett A Little, Lee H Diehl, Robert J Butler
Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess relationships between active trunk rotation range of motion (TROM), upper quarter dynamic stability, and composite and individual item KJOC scores in collegiate baseball pitchers. A secondary purpose was to determine whether differences exist between baseball pitchers with and without an injury history in terms of their performance on TROM, upper quarter dynamic stability, and composite and individual KJOC scores. It was hypothesized that increased TROM and upper quarter dynamic stability are associated with better (higher) KJOC scores and pitchers with an injury history would exhibit lower KJOC scores compared to uninjured pitchers...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276013/evaluation-of-vertical-and-horizontal-saccades-using-the-developmental-eye-movement-test-compared-to-the-king-devick-test
#12
John D Heick, Curt Bay, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Background: Oculomotor function is impaired when an individual has a concussion and as such, it is important to identify tests that are able to assess oculomotor impairment. The King-Devick (K-D) test assesses horizontal saccadic eye movement and attention. The Developmental Eye Movement (DEM) test is designed to identify oculomotor dysfunction in children. It measures both horizontal and vertical saccades. The K-D test shows promise as a concussion-screening tool and part of a multifactorial assessment...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276012/test-retest-reliability-of-the-limits-of-stability-test-performed-by-young-adults-using-neurocom%C3%A2-vsr-sport
#13
Monica R Lininger, Theresa E Leahy, Elise C Haug, Thomas G Bowman
Background: A reliable measure of dynamic postural control is needed for inclusion in the sports-related concussion assessment battery. Currently, there is not a clinical gold standard. The Limits of Stability (LOS) test has potential to be a useful tool to collect objective data on important dynamic postural stability variables. Psychometric properties of the LOS test with healthy young adults are yet to be established. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the intra-session and test-retest reliability for the LOS on the NeuroCom® VSR Sport when performed by young adults...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276011/is-pre-performance-massage-effective-to-improve-maximal-muscle-strength-and-functional-performance-a-systematic-review
#14
Koya Mine, Di Lei, Takashi Nakayama
Background: Although pre-performance massage is frequently used in sports settings, the evidence regarding its effects on muscle strength and functional performance is equivocal.Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize the findings of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of pre-performance massage on strength and functional performance.Study Design: Systematic review with qualitative analysis. Methods: Eight electronic databases were searched from inception until June 2017...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276010/accuracy-of-the-lever-sign-to-diagnose-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
Michael P Reiman, Carly K Reiman, Simon Décary
Background: The Lever sign has gained recent notoriety for its purported anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) diagnostics and simplicity of performance. Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis is to summarize the diagnostic accuracy of the Lever sign for use during assessment of the knee for an ACL tear in subjects with suspected acute and chronic knee injury. Study Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis. Methods: A computer-assisted literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases using keywords related to diagnostic accuracy of the knee joint...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276009/erratum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140569/roller-massage-a-commentary-on-clinical-standards-and-survey-of-physical-therapy-professionals-part-1
#17
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull
Roller massage (RM) has become a popular intervention used by rehabilitation professionals and active individuals. The emerging popularity has resulted in the production of various types of rollers and a growing body of research on the therapeutic effects and science behind RM. Despite the growing popularity and research, there is no consensus on clinical standards such as a describing the intervention, indications, precautions, contraindications, and assessment. There have been no specific peer reviewed publications that have discussed such standards...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140568/rehabilitation-following-sternoclavicular-joint-reconstruction-for-persistent-instability
#18
Catherine Logan, Amir Shahien, Burak Altintas, Peter J Millett
Background: Sternoclavicular (SC) joint instability is a rare injury, but one with profound implications given its proximity to vital structures and function as the only true articulation between the upper extremity and axial skeleton. The majority of SC joint instability can be treated non-operatively; however, there is a role for reconstruction in the presence of instability that results in pain and dysfunction that is refractory to conservative management or deformity resulting in functional impairment...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140567/rehabilitation-following-isolated-posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-literature-review-of-published-protocols
#19
Matthew Senese, Elliot Greenberg, J Todd Lawrence, Theodore Ganley
Background: Surgical outcomes following isolated posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (PCLR) have been noted to be less satisfactory than the anterior cruciate ligament. Limited understanding of optimal rehabilitation has been implicated as a contributing factor. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this review was to gather the literature related to isolated PCLR rehabilitation, extract and summarize current rehabilitation guidelines, identify timeframes and functional measurements associated with common rehabilitation topics and provide recommendations for future research...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140566/osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-radial-head-in-a-young-athlete-a-case-report
#20
Firas Mourad, Filippo Maselli, Alberto Patuzzo, Alessio Siracusa, Luigi Di Filippo, James Dunning, César Fernández de Las Peñas
Background and purpose: Elbow pain is common in young gymnasts and is frequently encountered by physical therapists working in direct access outpatient clinics. Most elbow pain is benign; however, non-specific symptoms can mask serious medical pathologies, as is the case with osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). OCD is a joint condition in which bone underneath the cartilage of a joint dies due to lack of blood flow. Risk factor analysis, palpable joint tenderness and swelling, joint locking, and a history of high intensity repetitive activities may inform the clinical reasoning; however, the diagnosis of OCD is best made using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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