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Contemporary Clinical Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326528/taking-a-glance-at-anterior-crossbite-in-children-case-series
#1
Derya Ceyhan, Canan Akdik
Anterior crossbite is a malocclusion that takes place for various reasons, leads to major problems and may be fixed using various methods. This study aimed to provide an update regarding the methods used for anterior crossbite treatment presenting treatments of the removable active acrylic appliance with bite plane. Clinical examination of aged 9-15, seven healthy children who visited our clinic due to crowding and esthetic displeasure in anterior teeth indicated that one or more permanent maxillar incisor teeth were positioned behind of permanent mandibular incisor teeth...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326527/treatment-of-a-class-ii-malocclusion-with-deep-overbite-in-an-adult-patient-using-intermaxillary-elastics-and-spee-curve-controlling-with-reverse-and-accentuated-archwires
#2
Fabrício Pinelli Valarelli, Ronaldo Carniel, Paula Patrícia Cotrin-Silva, Mayara Paim Patel, Rodrigo Hermont Cançado, Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas, Marcos Roberto de Freitas
This paper aimed to describe the orthodontic treatment of an adult patient with the following characteristics: asymmetric Class II malocclusion, left subdivision, mandibular midline shifted to the left, mild mandibular anterior crowding, excessive overbite, 4-mm overjet, and a brachycephalic facial pattern. A 31-year-old male patient, treated with fixed preadjusted appliance with Roth prescription, with leveling and alignment NiTi archwire sequence. To correct the asymmetric Class II malocclusion, midline shift as well the overjet and overbite, intermaxillary elastics and accentuated and reversed stainless steel archwires were used, respectively...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326526/localized-gingival-overgrowths-a-report-of-six-cases
#3
Sohini Banerjee, T K Pal
Localized gingival overgrowths are commonly encountered in our day-to-day clinical practice and often present a diagnostic dilemma to the clinicians. These lesions vary depending on the location, site, extent, histology, and/or etiopathology. Although most of the localized gingival enlargements represent the reactive lesion to plaque accumulation, the differential diagnosis ranges from peripheral fibroma to pyogenic granuloma to peripheral fibroma with ossification and/or calcification, peripheral giant cell granuloma, etc...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326525/mucormycosis-in-a-diabetic-patient-a-case-report-with-an-insight-into-its-pathophysiology
#4
Syeda Neelam Afroze, Rajani Korlepara, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Jayakiran Madala
Mucormycosis is one of the most rapidly progressing and fulminant forms of fungal infection which usually begins in the nose and paranasal sinuses following inhalation of fungal spores. It is caused by organisms of the subphylum Mucormycotina, including genera as Absidia, Mucor, Rhizomucor, and Rhizopus. The incidence of mucormycosis is approximately 1.7 cases per 1,000,000 inhabitants per year. Mucormycosis affecting the maxilla is rare because of rich blood vessel supply of maxillofacial areas although more virulent fungi such as Mucor can overcome this difficulty...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326524/orthodontic-camouflage-a-treatment-option-a-clinical-case-report
#5
William Ubilla Mazzini, Fátima Mazzini Torres
Orthodontic camouflage provides an alternative treatment for angle III malocclusion since patients with limited economic resources cannot opt for orthognathic surgery, it being clear that correction will be achieved at the dental level and not at the bone complex. OBJECTIVE: To determine an alternative treatment for patients who do not have the possibility of having orthognathic surgery. CLINICAL CASE: A 13-year-old female patient, dolico facial biotype with slightly concave profile, with Class III Skeletal by mandibular prognathism, anterior crossbite, anterior diastema, and large mandibular body, molar class, and canine III...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326523/glandular-odontogenic-cyst-case-series
#6
Gokhan Gurler, Humam Al-Ghamian, Nihan Aksakalli, Cagri Delilbasi
Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is an uncommon and aggressive jaw cyst with a high recurrence rate. It may grow into a large size. Diagnosis of the cyst is challenging since it may be confused with some other jaw cysts and malignancies. Treatment methods vary from conservative surgery to radical bone resection. In this case series, we briefly present five cases of GOC diagnosed and treated at our clinic. Thorough histopathological diagnosis and long-term follow-up are necessary in patients with GOC.
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326522/fragile-x-syndrome-a-rare-case-report-with-unusual-oral-features
#7
Prayas Ray, Arpanna Singh, Jayanta Kumar Dash, Prasanna Kumar Sahoo, Jitendra Kumar Dash
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a rare variant of special health-care need demonstrating delayed developmental milestones and associated with intellectual and emotional disabilities ranging from learning problem to mental retardation. The syndrome is usually not diagnosed until 8-9 years of age since the clinical manifestations of the syndrome are greatly attenuated in childhood. The physical characteristics such as facial features, hyperactivity, attention deficit, autistic behavior, and macroorchidism are quite evident in younger age group...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326521/surgical-management-of-large-radicular-cyst-associated-with-mandibular-deciduous-molar-using-platelet-rich-fibrin-augmentation-a-rare-case-report
#8
Vijaya S Dhote, Nilima R Thosar, Sudhindra M Baliga, Priyanti Dharnadhikari, Poonam Bhatiya, Punit Fulzele
Radicular cysts arising from deciduous teeth are rare and usually cause a large bony defect. Autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an easily available healing biomaterial in oral surgical defect with the new perspective of accelerated healing of a large bony defect. The present case is of unusually large radicular associated with neglected carious mandibular deciduous second molar in 10-year-old girl and its surgical management with PRF augmentation as a healing biomaterial in the bony defect. One-year follow-up showed uneventful healing and eruption of succedaneous tooth...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326520/the-so-called-garr%C3%A3-s-osteomyelitis-of-jaws-and-the-pivotal-utility-of-computed-tomography-scan
#9
Marco Túllio Brazão-Silva, Tiago Novaes Pinheiro
The present paper draw the attention of clinicians to investigate multiple slices of the computed tomography (CT) scan looking for a safe diagnosis of the so-called Garrè's osteomyelitis (GO) of jaws, a not uncommon disease characterized by astonishing bone growth. We report a case involving the left mandible of a 12-year-old girl presenting with a bony enlargement at left mandible. Initial examination revealed carious process of tooth 36 with radiographic apical rarefaction. However, we need to take care with this diagnosis because other aggressive diseases may cause bone enlargement mimicking GO...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326519/tetanus-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature-a-continuing-threat-to-the-elderly-in-japan
#10
Tsutomu Sugiura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Masatoshi Sato, Tadaaki Kirita
Tetanus has become rare in industrialized countries, largely due to the effectiveness of immunization. However, the elderly are susceptible to tetanus because many have not received primary immunization; the incidence of tetanus in Japan is still 120 cases/year. The initial symptoms of tetanus, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. However, because of the disease's rarity, the clinician may be unfamiliar with the clinical presentation and may not suspect tetanus. We report two cases of elderly patients with generalized tetanus...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326518/toothpaste-use-protocol-with-dental-bleaching-for-a-conservative-treatment-case-reports
#11
Waldemir F Vieira-Junior, Thayla H N Gouveia, Bruna G Silva, Vanessa C P S Bueno, Flávio H B Aguiar, Débora A N L Lima
In-office bleaching is a treatment based on products that contain hydrogen peroxide (HP) while demonstrating whitening effectiveness. HP could promote alterations to surface morphologies and properties of dental tissues. The objective was describe a toothpaste protocol associated to bleaching therapy to promote a safer approach. Patient 1 (male) and Patient 2 (female) were attended, and toothbrushing (twice a day) with a dentifrice containing bioactive glass (BG) (NovaMin™) and fluoride was indicated before and during the treatment...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326517/18p-deletion-syndrome-case-report-with-clinical-consideration-and-management
#12
Megha Goyal, Mayuri Jain, Sachin Singhal, Kirty Nandimath
18p deletion syndrome is characterized by the deletion of short arm of chromosome 18. Presentation of this syndrome is quite variable with dysmorphic features, growth deficiencies, and mental retardation with poor verbal performance. Few patients even fail to thrive when malformations involving the heart and brain are severe. In the present article, we report an isolated case of 18p deletion in a 23-year-old female who for the first time reported to the hospital for dental problems. The patient was short statured with mental retardation and craniofacial, skeletal, dental, and endocrinal abnormalities...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326516/indirect-sinus-lift-done-using-autogenous-core-lift-technique-in-combination-with-alloplastic-phosphosilicate-putty-in-atrophic-maxillary-posterior-region-a-clinical-report-with-1-year-follow-up
#13
Umesh Y Pai, Shobha Rodrigues, Puneeth Hegde, Nikita Khurana
Pneumatization of the sinus is a common occurrence after extraction of maxillary posterior teeth. Implant procedures require a clinically acceptable level of bone to be present for implants to be placed in function. Residual bone with >4 mm of height can be managed using the indirect sinus lift procedure, whereas bone height <4 mm requires a direct sinus lift using lateral window approach. This clinical case report describes the use of autogenous core used to lift the membrane in conjunction with calcium phosphosilicate putty using minimal armamentarium, thereby avoiding the associated morbidity and complications associated with a direct sinus lift procedure...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326515/scanning-electron-microscopic-evaluation-of-efficacy-of-17-ethylenediaminetetraacetic-acid-and-chitosan-for-smear-layer-removal-with-ultrasonics-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Aradhana Babu Kamble, Sathish Abraham, Deepak Dadarao Kakde, C Shashidhar, Disha Lalit Mehta
Introduction: The main aim of root canal treatment is cleaning, shaping and then obturating three dimensionally to prevent reinfection. This includes chemicomechanical cleansing by instrumentation and the use of irrigating solutions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the smear layer removal from root canal dentine subjected to two root canal irrigants, 17% EDTA and 0.2% Chitosan, a new irrigant using Scanning Electron Microscope. Methodology: 40 single rooted premolars were decoronated followed by instrumentation with I Race files and intermediate irrigation with 3% sodium hypochlorite and activation with ultrasonics...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326514/modified-angle-s-classification-for-primary-dentition
#15
Kaushik Narendra Chandranee, Narendra Jayantilal Chandranee, Devendra Nagpal, Gagandeep Lamba, Purva Choudhari, Kavita Hotwani
Aim: This study aims to propose a modification of Angle's classification for primary dentition and to assess its applicability in children from Central India, Nagpur. Methods: Modification in Angle's classification has been proposed for application in primary dentition. Small roman numbers i/ii/iii are used for primary dentition notation to represent Angle's Class I/II/III molar relationships as in permanent dentition, respectively. To assess applicability of modified Angle's classification a cross-sectional preschool 2000 children population from central India; 3-6 years of age residing in Nagpur metropolitan city of Maharashtra state were selected randomly as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326513/an-in-vitro-comparison-of-pushout-bond-strength-of-resilon-with-metaseal-and-ah-plus-sealers
#16
Priyanka Sarangi, Rashmirekha Mallick, Sukanta Kumar Satapathy, Gaurav Sharma, Fathima Kouser, Satyajit Mohapatra
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the pushout bond strengths of Resilon with two different sealers: Resilon/MetaSEAL (methacrylate based) and Resilon/AH Plus (an epoxy resin-based sealer). Materials and Methods: Forty single canal anterior teeth were decoronated at cementoenamel junction and standardized to 10 ± 1 mm length. Working length was determined followed by biomechanical preparation. Then, the specimens were randomly assigned into two groups of 20 teeth each based on the sealer used with Resilon...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326512/evaluating-the-effect-of-different-conditioning-agents-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomers
#17
Namith Rai, Rajaram Naik, Ravi Gupta, Shobana Shetty, Amith Singh
Aim of the Study: This study aims to evaluate the effects three different conditioning agents on the shear bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomers to human dentin. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty recently extracted, caries-free premolars and molars will be cleaned of debris and disinfected in a 0.5% solution of sodium hypochlorite and sterile water for 30 min. The occlusal surface of each tooth will be reduced using conventional model trimmer with water to produce the dentin surface...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326511/differential-diagnosis-between-chronic-versus-aggressive-periodontitis-and-staging-of-aggressive-periodontitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Vivek Vijay Gupta, Dhoom Singh Mehta, Kalyan C Gundavarapu, Nibali Luigi
Background: Differentiating between chronic periodontitis (CP) and aggressive periodontitis (AgP) is challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the variations in diagnosis between CP versus AgP and the staging of AgP based on the disease-staging index for AgP among periodontists, specialists in oral medicine, and general dental practitioners (GDPs). Materials and Methods: Fifteen cases diagnosed as either CP or AgP were included in a "case document" and sent electronically to 75 respondents...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326510/isolation-and-typing-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus-from-caries-active-subjects
#19
Hamzah Abdulrahman Salman, R Senthilkumar, Khalid Imran, K Panneer Selvam
Background: Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus are main etiological agents of dental caries. Aim: The aim of the study was to isolate, identify, characterize, and determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of S. mutans and S. sobrinus from caries-active subjects. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five plaque samples were collected from caries-active subjects aged between 35 and 44 years, processed and cultured on mitis salivarius bacitracin agar...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326509/a-radiographic-study-of-the-association-between-apical-periodontitis-and-technical-quality-of-intraradicular-posts-and-root-canal-fillings-a-cross-sectional-study-in-qassim-region-saudi-arabia
#20
Ra'fat Ibrahim Farah, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Aldakhili, Ayoub Sulaiman Alnasser
Objectives: This study evaluates the association between the apical periodontitis (AP) and quality of intraradicular posts and the quality of root fillings assessed radiographically in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Digital periapical radiographs of 327 teeth with post-retained restoration were retrieved randomly from the Qassim University screening clinic's digital archives and evaluated. The quality of the intraradicular post and root filling was evaluated according to the optimum criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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