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Xinglong Yang, Yan Dang, Jinli Lou, Huawu Shao, Xingyu Jiang
Rationale: Rapid and facile detection of pathogenic bacteria is challenging due to the requirement of large-scale instruments and equipment in conventional methods. We utilize D-amino acid as molecules to selectively target bacteria because bacteria can incorporate DADA in its cell wall while mammalian cells or fungi cannot. Methods: We show a broad-spectrum bacterial detection system based on D-amino acid-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). AuNPs serve as the signal output that we can monitor without relying on any complex instruments...
2018: Theranostics
Yuan-Chung Tsai, Priya Vijayaraghavan, Wen-Hsuan Chiang, Hsin-Hung Chen, Te-I Liu, Ming-Yin Shen, Ayumu Omoto, Masao Kamimura, Kohei Soga, Hsin-Cheng Chiu
Therapeutic efficacy of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is often severely limited by poor penetration of therapeutics through blood-brain barrier (BBB) into brain tissues and lack of tumor targeting. In this regard, a functionalized upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP)-based delivery system which can target brain tumor and convert deep tissue-penetrating near-infrared (NIR) light into visible light for precise phototherapies on brain tumor was developed in this work. Methods : The UCNP-based phototherapy delivery system was acquired by assembly of oleic acid-coated UCNPs with angiopep-2/cholesterol-conjugated poly(ethylene glycol) and the hydrophobic photosensitizers...
2018: Theranostics
Michaela Oeller, Sandra Laner-Plamberger, Sarah Hochmann, Nina Ketterl, Martina Feichtner, Gabriele Brachtl, Anna Hochreiter, Cornelia Scharler, Lara Bieler, Pasquale Romanelli, Sebastien Couillard-Despres, Elisabeth Russe, Katharina Schallmoser, Dirk Strunk
Intravascular transplantation of tissue factor (TF)-bearing cells elicits an instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR) resulting in thrombotic complications and reduced engraftment. Here we studied the hemocompatibility of commonly used human white adipose tissue (WAT), umbilical cord (UC) and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) and devised a possible strategy for safe and efficient stromal cell transplantation. Methods: Stromal cell identity, purity, and TF expression was tested by RTQ-PCR, flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry...
2018: Theranostics
Jun Li, Younghee Kwon, Kyung Soo Chung, Chang Su Lim, Dayoung Lee, Yongkang Yue, Jisoo Yoon, Gyoungmi Kim, Sang-Jip Nam, Youn Wook Chung, Hwan Myung Kim, Caixia Yin, Ji-Hwan Ryu, Juyoung Yoon
Rationale: Among the biothiols-related diseases, sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection and can result in severe oxidative stress and damage to multiple organs. In this study, we aimed to develop a fluorescence chemosensor that can both detect GSH and further predict sepsis. Methods: In this study, two new naphthalene dialdehyde compounds containing different functional groups were synthesized, and the sensing abilities of these compounds towards biothiols and its applications for prediction of sepsis were investigated...
2018: Theranostics
Stella Cosenza, Karine Toupet, Marie Maumus, Patricia Luz-Crawford, Olivier Blanc-Brude, Christian Jorgensen, Danièle Noël
Objectives: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) release extracellular vesicles (EVs) that display a therapeutic effect in inflammatory disease models. Although MSCs can prevent arthritis, the role of MSCs-derived EVs has never been reported in rheumatoid arthritis. This prompted us to compare the function of exosomes (Exos) and microparticles (MPs) isolated from MSCs and investigate their immunomodulatory function in arthritis. Methods: MSCs-derived Exos and MPs were isolated by differential ultracentrifugation. Immunosuppressive effects of MPs or Exos were investigated on T and B lymphocytes in vitro and in the Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity (DTH) and Collagen-Induced Arthritis (CIA) models...
2018: Theranostics
Jung-Rok Lee, Iris Appelmann, Cornelius Miething, Tyler O Shultz, Daniel Ruderman, Dokyoon Kim, Parag Mallick, Scott W Lowe, Shan X Wang
Cancer proteomics is the manifestation of relevant biological processes in cancer development. Thus, it reflects the activities of tumor cells, host-tumor interactions, and systemic responses to cancer therapy. To understand the causal effects of tumorigenesis or therapeutic intervention, longitudinal studies are greatly needed. However, most of the conventional mouse experiments are unlikely to accommodate frequent collection of serum samples with a large enough volume for multiple protein assays towards single-object analysis...
2018: Theranostics
Chengfang Shangguan, Guifang Gan, Jieying Zhang, Jinliang Wu, Ying Miao, Miao Zhang, Biao Li, Jun Mi
Purpose: Elevated glucose uptake is a hallmark of cancer. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake was believed to indicate the aggressiveness of tumors and the standardized uptake value (SUV) is a well-known measurement for FDG uptake in positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT). However, the SUV is variable due to the heterogeneity of tumors. Methods: 126 patients with colorectal cancer underwent18 F-FDG PET/CT scanning before surgery between Jan 2011 and April 2016. Cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) densities were calculated with the inForm Advanced image analysis software and were comparatively analyzed between patients with high and low maximum SUV (SUVmax-high and SUVmax-low)...
2018: Theranostics
Suoyuan Li, Tao Zhang, Weiguo Xu, Jianxun Ding, Fei Yin, Jing Xu, Wei Sun, Hongsheng Wang, Mengxiong Sun, Zhengdong Cai, Yingqi Hua
PURPOSE: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone cancer and is notorious for pulmonary metastasis, representing a major threat to pediatric patients. An effective drug targeting osteosarcoma and its lung metastasis is urgently needed. DESIGN: In this study, a sarcoma-targeting peptide-decorated disulfide-crosslinked polypeptide nanogel (STP-NG) was exploited for enhanced intracellular delivery of shikonin (SHK), an extract of a medicinal herb, to inhibit osteosarcoma progression with minimal systemic toxicity...
2018: Theranostics
Xinyi Jiang, Christine Wang, Sergio Fitch, Fan Yang
Hypoxia, a hallmark of malignant tumors, often correlates with increasing tumor aggressiveness and poor treatment outcomes. Due to a lack of vasculature, effective drug delivery to hypoxic tumor regions remains challenging. Signaling through the chemokine SDF-1α and its receptor CXCR4 plays a critical role in the homing of stem cells to ischemia for potential use as drug-delivery vehicles. To harness this mechanism for targeting tumor hypoxia, we developed polymeric nanoparticle-induced CXCR4-overexpressing human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs)...
2018: Theranostics
Deliang Zhang, Rongqiang Zhuang, Zhide Guo, Mengna Gao, Lumei Huang, Linyi You, Pu Zhang, Jindian Li, Xinhui Su, Hua Wu, Xiaoyuan Chen, Xianzhong Zhang
Extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation in liver fibrosis is caused by the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The goal of this study was to develop a99m Tc-labeled N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) that specifically interacts with desmin and vimentin expressed on activated HSCs to monitor the progression and prognosis of liver fibrosis using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. Methods: GlcNAc-conjugated polyethylenimine (PEI) was first prepared and radiolabeled with99m Tc. Noninvasive SPECT imaging with99m Tc-GlcNAc-PEI was used to assess liver fibrosis in a carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) mouse model...
2018: Theranostics
Yang Cao, Yuli Chen, Tao Yu, Yuan Guo, Fengqiu Liu, Yuanzhi Yao, Pan Li, Dong Wang, Zhigang Wang, Yu Chen, Haitao Ran
Background: As one of the most effective triggers with high tissue-penetrating capability and non-invasive feature, ultrasound shows great potential for controlling the drug release and enhancing the chemotherapeutic efficacy. In this study, we report, for the first time, construction of a phase-changeable drug-delivery nanosystem with programmable low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) that could trigger drug-release and significantly enhance anticancer drug delivery. Methods: Liquid-gas phase-changeable perfluorocarbon (perfluoropentane) and an anticancer drug (doxorubicin) were simultaneously encapsulated in two kinds of nanodroplets...
2018: Theranostics
Yun-Xin Lu, Qi-Nian Wu, Dong-Liang Chen, Le-Zong Chen, Zi-Xian Wang, Chao Ren, Hai-Yu Mo, Ya Chen, Hui Sheng, Ying-Nan Wang, Yun Wang, Jia-Huan Lu, De-Shen Wang, Zhao-Lei Zeng, Feng Wang, Feng-Hua Wang, Yu-Hong Li, Huai-Qiang Ju, Rui-Hua Xu
Rationale : The antitumor activity of high-dose ascorbate has been re-evaluated recently, but the mechanism underlying cell-specific sensitivity to ascorbate has not yet been clarified. Methods: The effects of high-dose ascorbate on gastric cancer were assessed using cancer cell lines with high and low expression of GLUT1 via flow cytometry and colony formation assays in vitro and patient-derived xenografts in vivo . Results : In this study, we demonstrated that gastric cancer cells with high GLUT1 expression were more sensitive to ascorbate treatment than cells with low GLUT1 expression...
2018: Theranostics
Chun Feng, Zhaobo He, Bo Cai, Jianhong Peng, Jieping Song, Xuechen Yu, Yue Sun, Jing Yuan, Xingzhong Zhao, Yuanzhen Zhang
Detection of detached fetal nucleated red blood cells (fNRBCs) in the maternal peripheral blood may serve as a prospective testing method competing with the cell-free DNA, in non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). Methods: Herein, we introduce a facile and effective lab-on-a-chip method of fNRBCs detection using a capture-releasing material that is composed of biotin-doped polypyrrole nanoparticles. To enhance local topographic interactions between the nano-components and fNRBC, a specific antibody, CD147, coated on the nanostructured substrate led to the isolation of fNRBCs from maternal peripheral blood...
2018: Theranostics
Yumei Huang, Kaishun Hu, Sheng Zhang, Xiaorong Dong, Zhongyuan Yin, Rui Meng, Yingchao Zhao, Xiaofang Dai, Tao Zhang, Kunyu Yang, Li Liu, Kai Huang, Shaojun Shi, Yu Zhang, Junjie Chen, Gang Wu, Shuangbing Xu
Rationale: Mxi1 is regarded as a potential tumor suppressor protein that antagonizes the transcriptional activity of proto-oncogene Myc. However, the clinical significances and underlying mechanisms by which Mxi1 is regulated in lung cancer remain poorly understood. Methods: Mass spectrometry analysis and immunoprecipitation assay were utilized to detect the protein-protein interaction. The phosphorylation of Mxi1 was evaluated by in vitro kinase assays. Poly-ubiquitination of Mxi1 was examined by in vivo ubiquitination assay...
2018: Theranostics
Mingo Ming-Ho Yung, Hermit Wai-Man Tang, Patty Chun-Hui Cai, Thomas Ho-Yin Leung, Siew-Fei Ngu, Karen Kar-Loen Chan, Dakang Xu, Huijuan Yang, Hextan Yuen-Sheung Ngan, David Wai Chan
Intraperitoneal metastasis is a common occurrence and is usually involved in the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer. Its specific metastatic pattern implies that certain indispensable microenvironmental factors secreted in the peritoneal cavity can direct metastatic ovarian cancer cells to permissive niches for secondary lesion formation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are ill defined. Herein, we report that GRO-α and IL-8 are predominately upregulated in culture media derived from either normal or cancerous omenta and are associated with increased ovarian cancer aggressiveness...
2018: Theranostics
De-Wei Wu, Yao-Chen Wang, Lee Wang, Chih Yi Chen, Huei Lee
Purpose: MicroRNA-630 plays dual roles in apoptosis and drug resistance in human cancers. However, the role of miR-630 in resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in lung adenocarcinoma remains to be elucidated. Methods: Manipulation of miR-630 and its targeted gene YAP1 and/or combination of inhibitor treatments was performed to explore whether low miR-630 could confer TKI resistance due to de-targeting YAP1, and this could decrease proapoptotic protein Bad expression through the miR-630/YAP1/ERK feedback loop...
2018: Theranostics
Xue Dong, Xianjun Gao, Yi Dai, Ning Ran, HaiFang Yin
Purpose : It is challenging to deliver the full-length dysferlin gene or protein to restore cellular functions of dysferlin-deficient (DYSF-/- ) myofibres in dysferlinopathy, a disease caused by the absence of dysferlin, which is currently without effective treatment. Exosomes, efficient membranous nanoscale carriers of biological cargoes, could be useful. Experimental design : Myotube- and human serum-derived exosomes were investigated for their capabilities of restoring dysferlin protein and cellular functions in murine and human DYSF-/- cells...
2018: Theranostics
Haolu Wang, Xinxing Li, Brian Wan-Chi Tse, Haotian Yang, Camilla A Thorling, Yuxin Liu, Margaux Touraud, Jean Batiste Chouane, Xin Liu, Michael S Roberts, Xiaowen Liang
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a near-infrared dye that has been used in the clinic for retinal angiography, and defining cardiovascular and liver function for over 50 years. Recently, there has been an increasing interest in the incorporation of ICG into nanoparticles (NPs) for cancer theranostic applications. Various types of ICG-incorporated NPs have been developed and strategically functionalised to embrace multiple imaging and therapeutic techniques for cancer diagnosis and treatment. This review systematically summaries the biodistribution of various types of ICG-incorporated NPs for the first time, and discusses the principles, opportunities, limitations, and application of ICG-incorporated NPs for cancer theranostics...
2018: Theranostics
Kenny Schlosser, Mohamad Taha, Duncan J Stewart
There is considerable interest in the use of synthetic miRNA mimics (or inhibitors) as potential therapeutic agents in pulmonary vascular disease; however, the optimal delivery method to achieve high efficiency, selective lung targeting has not been determined. Here, we sought to investigate the relative merits of different lung-targeted strategies for delivering miRNA mimics in rats. Methods: Tissue levels of a synthetic miRNA mimic, cel-miR-39-3p (0.5 nmol in 50 µL invivofectamine/PBS vehicle) were compared in male rats (n=3 rats/method) after delivery by commonly used lung-targeting strategies including intratracheal liquid instillation (IT-L), intratracheal aerosolization with (IT-AV ) or without ventilator assistance (IT-A), intranasal liquid instillation (IN-L) and intranasal aerosolization (IN-A)...
2018: Theranostics
Maxime Gauberti, Antoine P Fournier, Fabian Docagne, Denis Vivien, Sara Martinez de Lizarrondo
Endothelial cells of the central nervous system over-express surface proteins during neurological disorders, either as a cause, or a consequence, of the disease. Since the cerebral vasculature is easily accessible by large contrast-carrying particles, it constitutes a target of choice for molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this review, we highlight the most recent advances in molecular MRI of brain endothelial activation and focus on the development of micro-sized particles of iron oxide (MPIO) targeting adhesion molecules including intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), P-Selectin and E-Selectin...
2018: Theranostics
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