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Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081629/erratum-blood-sample-collection-in-small-laboratory-animals
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 87 in vol. 1, PMID: 21350616.].
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081628/terlipressin-induced-peripheral-ischemic-gangrene-in-a-diabetic-patient
#2
Phulen Sarma, Gaurav Muktesh, Narender Dhaka, Rakesh Ruhela, Abhishek Mishra, Rahul Singh, Saroj K Sinha, Bikash Medhi, Rakesh Kochhar
Terlipressin is used commonly in the management of hepatorenal syndrome and acute variceal bleeding. Like its parent compound vasopressin, it is also notorious for its ischemic complications. Terlipressin-induced ischemic complications can virtually affect any part of the body, but the incidence of serious complications is less than its parent compound vasopressin. Here, we report a case of terlipressin-induced peripheral ischemic gangrene in a diabetic male, which ultimately led to death of the patient.
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081627/looking-beyond-the-obvious-cefepime-induced-nonconvulsive-status-epilepticus
#3
Vinayaka Anuhya, Sushil Kiran Kunder, Sharath Madhyastha, Veena Nayak, Raviraja V Acharya, Kusugodlu Ramamoorthi, Avinash Arivazhahan, Rahul Sai Gangula
Cephalosporins are a commonly used class of antibiotics in various types of infections. Cefepime, a fourth-generation cephalosporin, has been reported to cause neurotoxicity, which can present itself as varied manifestations. Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a rare manifestation of this neurotoxicity. This condition often proves difficult to diagnose because it is chiefly an electroencephalogram-based diagnosis. The authors report a case of cefepime-induced NCSE in a 57-year-old female patient with compromised renal status...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081626/ceftriaxone-for-the-treatment-of-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-a-case-series
#4
Rachel Amanda Lowe, Katie Elizabeth Barber, Jamie Leigh Wagner, Allison Miriam Bell-Harlan, Kayla Renay Stover
Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) causes 45% of S. aureus bloodstream infections (BSI) and is the most important cause of BSI-associated death. The standard of care therapy is an anti-staphylococcal penicillin or cefazolin, but dosing frequencies for these agents are often infeasible; multiple daily doses tie up infusion lines and are impractical for outpatient antibiotic infusion. Ceftriaxone represents a promising alternative, with once daily dosing and a short infusion time. Currently, treatment with ceftriaxone for invasive MSSA infections is infrequent, with minimal data supporting the clinical utility of ceftriaxone for MSSA BSI...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081625/sodium-glucose-transporter-2-inhibitors-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-three-patients-with-diabetes-underlying-causation
#5
Jordan L Kelley, Matthew Strum, Daniel M Riche, Andrew M Chandler
Sodium glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) inhibit the reabsorption of glucose in the renal tubules reducing glycemia and increasing glucosuria. The increased glucosuria causes a shift in normal flora and colonization of pathogenic microorganisms leading to an increase in mycotic genital infections. Recent Food and Drug Administration reported cases of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) after initiation of SGLT2i probes the question of safety with such agents. The mechanisms of ketoacidosis and the breakdown of lipids are often misunderstood, and blame is placed on lack of insulin or on medications used to treat diabetes...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081624/why-the-jan-aushadhi-scheme-has-lost-its-steam-in-india
#6
Vijay Thawani, Abin Mani, Neeraj Upmanyu
The Jan Aushadhi Scheme (JAS) initiated by the Government of India is a powerful intervention against the unjustifiable pricing of medicines by private pharmaceutical industry, to make the generic medicines available at affordable prices. The marginalized populations of India are not able to afford many branded medicines; hence, there is an urgent need for making the cheaper generics available to Indians in the best interest of populations. It has been observed that lack of awareness in the public, distribution of free medicines by state governments, lack of support for JAS, poor supply chain, and doctors not prescribing generic medicines are the major constraints faced by the JAS leading to its poor success...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081623/cardiac-safety-of-high-dose-micafungin
#7
Kayla R Stover, John D Cleary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081622/the-basis-for-low-affinity-herg-potassium-channel-block-by-sotalol
#8
Yi Hong Zhang, Christopher E Dempsey, Jules C Hancox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081621/penetration-of-bromelain-in-serum-and-rhinosinusal-mucosa-in-patients-undergoing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#9
Desiderio Passali, Luisa Maria Bellussi, Codrut Sarafoleanu, Michele Loglisci, Claudiu Manea, Cristina Iosif, Francesco Maria Passali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081620/cardioprotective-effect-of-coenzyme-q10-on-apoptotic-myocardial-cell-death-by-regulation-of-bcl-2-gene-expression
#10
Najam Ali Khan, M Abid, Aftab Ahmad, Mohammed F Abuzinadah, Mohammed Basheikh, Kamal Kishore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on apoptotic myocardial cell death in rat model of heart ischemia and reperfusion I/R injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen rats (200-250 g) were divided into three groups of 6 rats in each. Group I (sham-operated control group): this is the control group. The animals received the surgical procedure without IR injury or any drug treatment. Group II (I/R group): ischemia was accomplished by the occlusion of coronary artery for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 45 min and Group-III (Coenzyme Q10 treated group): Treated with CoQ10 at a dose of 1 mg/kg, postoperative for 7 days before induction of IR injury...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081619/treatment-outcome-of-ovulation-inducing-agents-in-patients-with-anovulatory-infertility-a-prospective-observational-study
#11
Kinjal Prajapati, Mira Desai, Samidh Shah, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal, Vineet Mishra
OBJECTIVE: To compare different treatment regimens on pregnancy rate and outcome in patients with anovulatory infertility. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on patients with infertility due to anovulation. Patients treated with clomiphene citrate (CC) 50/100 mg/day from 2(nd) to 6(th) day of menstrual cycle (MC) (n = 38), short gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist regimen (leuprolide [0.5 mg subcutaneous] + recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone [rFSH] [225 IU intramuscular [IM] from 2(nd) to 10(th) day of MC [n = 32]), long GnRH agonist regimen (leuprolide from 21(st) day followed by leuprolide + rFSH from 2(nd) to 10(th) day of MC [n = 19]), and antagonist regimen (human menopausal gonadotropin [hMG] [150 IU IM] from 2(nd) day followed by hMG + cetrorelix from 7(th) to 10(th) day of MC) (n = 6) were recruited and followed up for follicular size, endometrial thickness, and pregnancy test...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081618/effect-of-lorazepam-in-reducing-psychological-distress-and-anticipatory-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy
#12
Aloysius James, Malini Muraleedharan Nair, Dhanya Susan Abraham, Joel Sunny Kovoor, Wesley M Jose, Remya Reghu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lorazepam in reducing psychological distress and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. METHODOLOGY: It was a prospective interventional study with seventy patients for a period of 1 year. In which, patients' anxiety, distress and status of nausea, and vomiting were assessed in the first four chemotherapy cycles before drug intervention. During the subsequent chemotherapy cycles, the outcomes of the intervention were reassessed along with patient's quality of life (QOL)...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081617/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-olmesartan-telmisartan-and-losartan-in-patients-of-stage-i-hypertension-a-randomized-open-label-study
#13
Mrunalini Kalikar, Kundan S Nivangune, Ganesh N Dakhale, Chaitali S Bajait, Smita D Sontakke, Vijay M Motghare, Ritu Budania
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of losartan, telmisartan, and olmesartan as antihypertensive agents and evaluate and compare their effects on lipid profile and blood glucose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, open-label, parallel-group, comparative study conducted in sixty patients of Stage I hypertension. The eligible patients were randomly allocated into three treatment groups: (1) Tablet olmesartan (20 mg), (2) Tablet telmisartan (40 mg), and (3) Tablet losartan (50 mg)...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081616/biological-response-modifiers-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-safety
#14
Nitishkumar D Tank, Bharti N Karelia, Bhavisha N Vegada
OBJECTIVE: To analyze available evidence on the safety of different biological response modifiers which are used for a treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched systematically for randomized controlled clinical trials on treatment of RA with different biological response modifiers, followed by a systematic review with meta-analysis. Trials were searched from MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases. The following safety parameters reported in the selected trials were analyzed: number of patients suffering any adverse event (AE), withdrawal due to AEs, serious AE (SAEs), infections, serious infections, infusion reactions, injection site reactions, malignancies, and overall mortality...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081615/retrospection-on-the-role-of-soluble-guanylate-cyclase-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
Mohankrishna Ghanta, Elango Panchanathan, Bhaskar V K S Lakkakula, Anbumani Narayanaswamy
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is an important transducing enzyme of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) signaling pathway in striatum which has been considered as a potential target for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Etiology of Parkinson's disease is multifactorial, finally resulting in abnormal proteinopathies causing degeneration of nigrostriatal pathways. Understanding the pathological basis of Parkinson's disease at molecular level is still an achievable target for the researchers and clinical practitioners...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081614/an-overview-of-the-extraarticular-involvement-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-its-management
#16
REVIEW
Subham Das, Prasanta Padhan
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune systemic disease characterized by long-standing inflammation and significant joint destruction. Despite significant research and success toward the treatment modalities, complete remission still remains a challenge. Even then a number of early and late extraarticular manifestations (EAMs) of the disease further complicate the disease progression. Various EAM encountered in RA can involve more than one organ or system in the body and their clinical features also show lot of variations, mostly involving cutaneous, cardiovascular, and pulmonary systems...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706403/dalbavancin-use-for-the-treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia
#17
Katie E Barber, Amir Tirmizi, Richard Finley, Kayla R Stover
Dalbavancin is a lipoglycopeptide with a long half-life that allows infrequent dosing. It is indicated for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by susceptible organisms, including Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Although this agent has been used off-label clinically, there are minimal data in infections outside the current indications. We report a case of a 28-year-old nonadherent male with HIV presenting with pneumonia due to MRSA that was treated with dalbavancin...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706402/levocetirizine-induced-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report-and-a-pharmacovigilance-database-analysis
#18
Carla Carnovale, Simone Russo, Gigliola Biondelli, Marta Gentili, Marco Pozzi, Stefania Antoniazzi, Sonia Radice, Emilio Clementi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706401/influence-of-west-african-ethnicity-and-gender-on-beta-cell-function-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-essential-hypertensives-treated-with-hydrochlorothiazide-and-hydrochlorothiazide-lisinopril-combination
#19
Micheal Olamoyegun, Babatope Kolawole, Adesuyi A L Ajayi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) given alone and in combination with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) on beta-cell function in a negroid population to further explore possible ethnic differences in the effect of antihypertensive drugs on homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 newly diagnosed Nigerian essential hypertensive patients were assigned to receive either HCT 25 mg daily or both HCT and lisinopril (Lis; 25/10 mg daily) in an open-label study for 12 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706400/hybrid-therapy-versus-sequential-therapy-for-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sahoo Ashokkumar, Sonia Agrawal, Jharna Mandal, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Gubbi Shamanna Sreenath, Vikram Kate
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sequential therapy (ST) with the hybrid therapy (HT) for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with peptic ulcer disease and gastritis found to be H. pylori positive were randomized to HT group who received omeprazole (20 mg bid) and amoxicillin (1 g bid) for 7 days followed by omeprazole (20 mg bid), amoxicillin (1 g bid), clarithromycin (500 mg bid), and metronidazole (400 mg tid) for the next 7 days and ST group who received omeprazole and amoxicillin for 5 days followed by omeprazole, clarithromycin, and metronidazole for the next 5 days...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
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