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Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405137/pleural-tuberculosis-following-infliximab-therapy-for-ankylosing-spondylitis
#1
V S Gokul Krishnan, Sharath Madhyastha, Kusugodlu Ramamoorthi, Raviraj V Acharya, Vinaya Gopalaswamy
We present a case of pleural tuberculosis (TB) in a patient on infliximab for ankylosing spondylitis. A 36-year-old male presented to our hospital with low back ache of inflammatory type along with multiple symmetric inflammatory type of joint pain. Further clinical examination, laboratory and radiological investigations were suggestive of ankylosing spondylitis. He was initially treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs but citing poor response it was decided to initiate biologic therapy using infliximab (antitumor necrosis factor-alpha)...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405136/ifosfamide-induced-encephalopathy-precipitated-by-aprepitant-a-rarely-manifested-side-effect-of-drug-interaction
#2
Pritam Sureshchandra Kataria, Pradip Piraji Kendre, Apurva A Patel
Central nervous system (CNS) toxicity has been reported in approximately 10%-30% of patients receiving intravenous infusions of ifosfamide. Encephalopathy is a rare but serious CNS adverse reaction in these patients, and although usually transient and reversible, may cause persistent neurological dysfunction or death. Clinical features range from fatigue and confusion to coma and death. Ifosfamide forms backbone of various treatment regimens including curative treatment and palliative chemotherapy regimen. Precipitation of ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy (IIE) by aprepitant has been reported in the literature rarely...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405135/severe-bone-marrow-suppression-accompanying-pulmonary-infection-and-hemorrhage-of-the-digestive-tract-associated-with-leflunomide-and-low-dose-methotrexate-combination-therapy
#3
Caihong Qu, Ying Lu, Weimin Liu
A 60-year-old male patient developed hyperpyrexia, cough, expectoration with blood-stained sputum, mouth ulcers, and suppurative tonsillitis after receiving 35 days of combination treatment with leflunomide (LEF) and low-dose methotrexate (MTX) for active rheumatoid arthritis. On admission, routine blood tests showed severe thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, and decreased hemoglobin concentration compared with the relatively normal results of 1 month previously during the first hospitalization. Chest radiography revealed inflammation in both lungs, and a fecal occult blood test was positive...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405134/methylcobalamin-in-vitamin-b12-deficiency-to-give-or-not-to-give
#4
Ashwin Kamath, Sudhakar Pemminati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405133/risperidone-induced-adverse-drug-reactions-and-role-of-drd2-141-c-ins-del-and-5htr2c-759-c-t-genetic-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#5
Charanraj Goud Alladi, Anbarasan Mohan, Deepak Gopal Shewade, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Surendiran Adithan, Karthick Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adverse drug reaction (ADR) profile of risperidone and their association with dopamine (DRD2 - 141 C Ins/Del/rs1799732) and serotonin receptor (5HTR2C -759 C>T/rs3813929) gene polymorphisms in patients with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted among 289 patients who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and were on treatment with risperidone (4-8 mg/day)-based therapy for a minimum of 4 weeks. Genotyping was carried by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405132/antianginal-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-ranolazine-as-an-add-on-drug-to-concomitant-medications-primarily-metoprolol-in-chronic-stable-angina-patients-a-prospective-open-label-study
#6
Anant Mahaveer Khot, H V Anuradha, V S Prakash, M C Shivamurathy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of ranolazine as an add-on drug in chronic stable angina patients and the impact of ranolazine on the quality of life in chronic stable angina patients receiving other antianginal medications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective, open-label, hospital-based study involving 144 patients with chronic stable angina. First group received either metoprolol 12.5 or 25 mg/day or other antianginal medications; if the symptoms persist, the dose of metoprolol was increased to 50 mg/day, and to the second group, ranolazine 500 mg BD or 1 g OD was added along with metoprolol or others if the anginal attacks were not subsiding...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405131/indocyanine-green-001-icg-001-attenuates-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-induces-myocardial-injury-following-sepsis
#7
Nasser Ghaly Yousif, Najah R Hadi, Alaa Manea Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanistic pathway of both indocyanine green (ICG)-001 in attenuated endotoxemia-induced cardiac depression through downregulation cardiac Wnt/ β-catenin cell signaling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult (4-6 months) male Albino-Webster mice, their weights ranged from 25 to 30 g, were pretreated with ICG-001 i.p., following cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Left ventricle (LV) function was assessed using a microcatheter system. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and cytokines mediators in plasma and myocardium were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405130/mechanism-underlying-linezolid-induced-thrombocytopenia-in-a-chronic-kidney-failure-mouse-model
#8
Nao Nishijo, Yasuhiro Tsuji, Kazuhisa Matsunaga, Masahiko Kutsukake, Fumiyasu Okazaki, Shiro Fukumori, Hidefumi Kasai, Yoichi Hiraki, Ippei Sakamaki, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Yoshiharu Karube, Hideto To
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between renal function and linezolid (LZD)-induced thrombocytopenia and elucidate the underlying mechanism using a chronic renal disease (CRD) mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRD was induced in 5-week-old male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice by 5/6 nephrectomy. After this procedure, LZD (25 and 100 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally once every day for 28 days. Platelet counts, white blood cell (WBC) counts, and hematocrit (HCT) levels were measured every 7 days...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405129/effect-of-addition-of-fentanyl-and-clonidine-to-local-anesthetic-solution-in-peribulbar-block
#9
Poonam Nehra, Vrinda Oza, Vandana Parmar, Pooja Fumakiya
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of addition of fentanyl and clonidine as adjuvants to bupivacaine and lignocaine in peribulbar block. METHODS: The study was conducted on 105 adult patients of either sex, of ASA grade I and II undergoing ophthalmic surgeries. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups of 35 each. All the patients were given peribulbuar block with 5ml lignocaine 2% +3 ml bupivacaine 0.5% +1 ml hyaluronidase (250 IU). In addition to this 1 ml normal saline was added to Group S, 25 μg fentanyl to Group F and 25 μg clonidine to Group C...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405128/eminence-or-evidence-the-volatility-uncertainty-complexity-and-ambiguity-in-healthcare
#10
EDITORIAL
M K Unnikrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163544/lifitegrast-a-novel-drug-for-treatment-of-dry-eye-disease
#11
Afroz Abidi, Pooja Shukla, Ali Ahmad
Dry eye disease (DED) is an inflammatory disorder of ocular surfaces leading to severe disability, especially in the elderly age group. The mainstay of therapy includes artificial tears, punctual plugs, topical anti-inflammatory agents, and corticosteroids. In the past few years, only cyclosporine-A emulsions have been added to the existing therapy, but it is discontinued by most patients as it causes burning sensation in the eye. Hence, progress in new research for a better therapeutic option led to the discovery of lymphocyte function-associated antigen intercellular adhesion molecule 1 antagonist, lifitegrast...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163543/proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-enzyme-inhibitors-an-emerging-new-therapeutic-option-for-the-treatment-of-dyslipidemia
#12
Faizan Mazhar, Nafis Haider
The treatment of hypercholesterolemia entered in a new phase of development with the introduction of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors in the market. The Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency recently approved the alirocumab and evolocumab, subcutaneously injectable monoclonal antibody every 2 or 4 weeks against PCSK9, for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia in patients with intolerance or inadequate response to statins, especially for the secondary prevention or in the case of familial hypercholesterolemia...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163542/presumed-isotretinoin-induced-extraocular-myopathy
#13
Md Shahid Alam, Swati Agarwal
Isotretinoin a synthetic analogue of vitamin A is primarily used for cystic acne not responding to conventional treatment. Several ocular side effects including blurring of vision, decreased dark adaptation, corneal opacities and meibomian gland atrophy have been reported with prolonged use of isotretinoin. There have been reports of muscular damage caused by isotretinoin. Extra ocular myopathy as an adverse effect of long term used of isotretinoin has never been mentioned in literature. We report a case of a young male who presented to us with complaints of diplopia after using isotretinoin for a prolonged period...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163541/clozapine-induced-cataract-in-a-young-female
#14
Md Shahid Alam, K V Praveen Kumar
A variety of systemic drugs including corticosteroids, amiodarone and antipsychotics have been known to cause cataract formation. Typical antipsychotics such as chlorpromazine have been reported to cause cataract formation in varying rates ranging from 22% to 80%. Cataract as an adverse effect resulting from the long term use of atypical antipsychotic has rarely been mentioned in literature, and there is only a single case report of cataract formation from prolonged use of clozapine. We report a rare case of clozpine induced cataract in a young female...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163540/analgesics-self-medication-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-rural-medical-college
#15
Amit Kumar, Vandana, Ahmad Nadeem Aslami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163539/inhibition-by-tadalafil-of-contractility-of-isolated-nonpregnant-human-myometrium
#16
Sumalya Sen, Anitha Thomas, Saibal Das, Jayanta Kumar Dey, Abraham Peedicayil, Vinotha Thomas, Jacob Peedicayil
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effect of tadalafil on the contractility of isolated nonpregnant human myometrium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ability of tadalafil (25, 40, and 63 μM) to inhibit 55 mM KCl-induced contractility of isolated nonpregnant human myometrium was studied. The ability of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker glibenclamide (10 μM) and the calcium-sensitive potassium channel (BKCa) blocker iberiotoxin (100 nM) to reverse the inhibitory effect of 40 μM tadalafil on 55 mM KCl-induced myometrial contractility was also studied...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163538/comparison-of-efficacy-safety-and-cost-effectiveness-of-rupatadine-and-olopatadine-in-patients-of-allergic-rhinitis-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-parallel-group-study
#17
Ganesh Dakhale, Yogesh Tathod, Seema Patel, Sonali Pimpalkhute, Latesh Raghute, Ajita Khamkar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of rupatadine and olopatadine in patients of allergic rhinitis (AR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 2-week, single-centered, randomized, double-blind, parallel group comparative clinical study was conducted on patients with AR. Following inclusion and exclusion criteria, 67 patients were recruited and randomized to two treatment groups and received the respective drugs for 2 weeks. At follow-up, parameters assessed were total nasal symptom score (TNSS), change in total and differential count of eosinophil...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163537/qtc-interval-in-young-gujarati-hypertensives-effect-of-disease-antihypertensive-monotherapy-and-coexisting-risk-factors
#18
Jayesh Dalpatbhai Solanki, Bhakti P Gadhavi, Amit H Makwana, Hemant B Mehta, Chinmay J Shah, Pradnya A Gokhale
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of disease duration, treatment and risk factors on QTc interval among young hypertensives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 142 hypertensives (60 males, 82 females) taking calcium channel blocker (CCB) or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) as monotherapy. After blood pressure measurement, we recorded lead II electrocardiograph with minimum ten waveforms. QTc was derived from average of ten values using Bazett's formula...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163536/hypertension-influences-the-exponential-progression-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-kidney
#19
Rupadevi Muthaian, Rajaa Muthu Pakirisamy, Subramani Parasuraman, Ramasamy Raveendran
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of hypertension coexisting with diabetes mellitus with oxidative stress and inflammation in the kidneys of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats were used for the experiments. Blood glucose (BG), urea, blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) were analyzed before and 48 h after STZ injection. Further, these parameters were monitored up to 3 months of diabetes induction. Subsequently, the inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and nitrate) and oxidative stress markers were estimated after 3 months of diabetes induction in the kidney homogenate...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163535/lesinurad-a-significant-advancement-or-just-another-addition-to-existing-therapies-of-gout
#20
REVIEW
Ajay Gupta, Pramod Kumar Sharma, Arup Kumar Misra, Surjit Singh
Gout is a metabolic disorder that usually presents as recurrent episodes of acute arthritis due to deposition of crystals in joints and cartilages. Despite the availability of several drugs for gout, its management is still less than adequate. There is always a search for newer, safer, and more potent urate-lowering therapies for treating patients inadequately controlled with available drugs. Lesinurad in combination with a xanthine oxidase inhibitor provides an effective mode of therapy in the management of hyperuricemia associated with gout...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
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