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Neurology International

Seidu A Richard, Li Qiang, Zhi Gang Lan, Yuekang Zhang, Chao You
Cholesteatomas are very rare benign, progressive lesions that have embryologic derivation and usually result in progressive exfoliation and confinement of squamous epithelium behind an intact or preciously infected tympanic membrane. To the best of our understanding no reports demonstrates the extension of cholesteatoma from the temporal bone into the foramen magnum. We therefore present a case of cholesteatoma extending down into the foramen magnum. We report a case of 67- year-old man with a giant cholesteatoma extending into the foramen magnum without substantial destruction of the mastoid and petrous temporal bones...
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Laura Bernetti, Graziamaria Nuzzaco, Francesco Muscia, Alessio Gamboni, Marialuisa Zedde, Paolo Eusebi, Mauro Zampolini, Francesco Corea
Stroke is the leading cause of disability and death. Nowadays, clinical benefits of stroke units and thrombolysis in ischemic stroke are evidence-based. Also the benefit of endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke has been established. Telemedicine has been used to improve access to care by allowing a neurologist at a remote location to interact with the patient and their family members. Prior studies have shown that the use of telemedicine for acute ischemic stroke is not only safe and effective, but it also increases the utilization of tPA, improving patient outcomes...
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Michael A Meyer
Global publication productivity for brain tumors was examined on a annual basis and compared to other neurologic disorders including stroke, epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease. An early downward trend is suggested for 2016; possible links to fluctuations in funding is discussed.
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Seidu A Richard, Yunxia Ye, Hao Li, Lu Ma, Chao You
Hemorrhagic related Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are rare and characterizes with severe clinical scuffle. The etiology of this presentation although not well known is believed to be multifactorial. We present a case as well as review on the pathogenesis of evolution of the hematoma into ring enhancing features of GBM on imaging studies. We present a case of 28 years old man who suddenly went into coma for 9 hours preceded with seizures that latest for 10 minutes. He had no focal neurological signs. CT-Scans images indicated acute cerebral hemorrhage near the frontal horn of the left ventricle with brain edema about the hemorrhagic lesion and MRI done a week later revealed a cerebral ring enhancing lesion...
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Kazuya Yoshida
Oromandibular dystonia is a focal dystonia that manifests as involuntary masticatory and/or tongue muscle contractions. This movement disorder is frequently misdiagnosed as a temporomandibular disorder. Hence, it would be useful to establish a method that makes it possible for patients with the condition to find appropriate medical institutions by themselves. The author produced a website Involuntary movements of the stomatognathic region (https://sites. for patients with oromandibular dystonia, which is available in twenty languages...
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Saeed Razmeh, Amir Hassan Habibi, Maryam Orooji, Elham Alizadeh, Karim Moradiankokhdan, Behroz Razmeh
Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a mutation in the PANK 2 gene. The clinical presentation may range from only speech disorder to severe generalized dystonia, spasticity, Visual loss, dysphagia and dementia. The hallmark of this disease is eyes of the tiger sign in the medial aspect of bilateral globus pallidus on T2-weighted MRI that is a hyperintense lesion surrounded by hypointensity. Common treatments for PKAN disease include anticholinergics, botulinum toxin, Oral and Intrathecal baclofen, Iron chelation drugs and surgical procedures such as ablative pallidotomy or thalamotomy, Deep brain stimulation...
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Giovanna Viticchi, Lorenzo Falsetti, Marco Bartolini, Laura Buratti, Alfio Ulissi, Maurizio Baldassari, Leandro Provinciali, Mauro Silvestrini
Migraine is an economically and socially relevant pathology but patients' consciousness and consequently a proper management is often unsatisfactory. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the disease awareness, the general approach and the impact on working activity in a population of headache-affected hospital workers. During an 18-month period, hospital workers responded to a questionnaire investigating headache presence, characteristics and awareness. Specific attention was paid to define headache impact on working activities...
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Abdallah Fayssoil
Laminopathies are genetic disorders due to gene mutation encoding for proteins of the nuclear envelope. Patients are at risk of conduction defect, arrhythmia, sudden death and heart failure. The authors summarize predictive factors for cardiac events reported in the literature in this group of disease.
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Wolfgang Geidl, Katja Knocke, Wilfried Schupp, Klaus Pfeifer
Physical activity post stroke improves health, yet physical inactivity is highly prevalent. Tailored exercise programs considering physical activity preferences are a promising approach to promote physical activity. Therefore, this study seeks to measure exercise preferences of stroke survivors. Stroke survivors conducted a discrete choice experiment (DCE). DCE was presented in a face-to-face interview where patients had to choose eight times between two different exercise programs. Exercise programs differed by characteristics, with the six attributes under consideration being social situation, location, type of exercise, intensity, frequency, and duration...
March 30, 2018: Neurology International
Hitoshi Mochizuki, Nobuyuki Ishii, Kazutaka Shiomi, Masamitsu Nakazato
We investigated the relation between clinical features and electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). One hundred and fifty-six PD patients were enrolled. Their clinical features [body mass index (BMI), age, disease duration, and disease stage] and ECG parameters [RR, PR, QRS, and QT intervals, and heart rate-corrected QT (QTc)] were analyzed. BMI was positively correlated with the PR and QRS intervals in patients with PD. The QRS interval was positively correlated with disease duration and Hoehn and Yahr stage, and the QT interval and QTc were positively correlated with age...
December 11, 2017: Neurology International
Taoufik Alsaadi, Khadija El Hammasi, Tarek M Shahrour, Mustafa Shakra, Lamya Turkawi, Wassim Nasreddine, Seada Kassie, Mufeed Raoof
To study the impact of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) in the UAE. All consecutive patients attending the MS clinic over a fourmonth period, October 2014 through February 2015, at Sheikh Khalifa Medical city (SKMC) were asked to complete The World Health Organization quality of life abbreviated scale (WHOQOL-BREF), the Patient Health Questionnaire nine-item (PHQ-9) depression scale, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item (GAD-7) scale...
December 11, 2017: Neurology International
Mohammad Rohani, Saeed Razmeh, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Elham Alizadeh, Maryam Orooji
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is the most common form of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation, it is an autosomal recessive disease due to mutation in PANK 2 on chromosome 20, which causes the accumulation of iron in basal ganglia and production of free radicals that cause degeneration of the cells. Deferiprone is an iron chelator that was used in treatment of thalassemia patients, it can cross the blood-brain barrier and reverse the iron deposition in the brain. Five patients with genetically confirmed PKAN received 15 mg/kg deferiprone twice daily...
December 11, 2017: Neurology International
Nobuko Shiraiwa, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Sachiko Hoshino, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Susumu Kusunoki, Akira Tamaoka, Norio Ohkoshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: Neurology International
Zhi Gang Lan, Seidu A Richard, Jiagang Liu, Chao You
Chiari type I malformation with cervicothoracic syringomyelia although very common in clinical practice usually in children can progress slowly and mimic muscular dystrophies in adulthood. We present a rare adult case of Chiari type I malformation with cervicothoracic syringomyelia subterfuge as Flail arm syndrome. A 44-year-old man was diagnosed with congenital type I Chiari malformation with cervicothoracic syringomyelia about 21 years ago without surgery. His health status deteriorated over the years until 21 days prior to presentation when he had severe pain in the right knee...
August 29, 2017: Neurology International
Farzad Sina, Saeed Razmeh, Neda Habibzadeh, Arefeh Zavari, Mona Nabovvati
Migraine is a neurological disorder that afflicts many people in the world and can cause severe disability during the attacks. The pathophysiology of migraine is complex and not fully understood. It seems that migraine is common in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). However, the association between migraine headache and IIH is still unclear. The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of migraine headache and associated factors in IIH patients. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 68 patients diagnosed with IIH underwent a medical history interview and a neurological examination...
August 29, 2017: Neurology International
Ai Suzuki, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Yuka Ebihara, Kazutaka Shiomi, Masamitsu Nakazato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: Neurology International
Jesada Surawan, Suchat Areemit, Somsak Tiamkao, Theparak Sirithanawuthichai, Suprawita Saensak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: Neurology International
Mehdi Moghaddasi, Mona Nabovvati, Saeed Razmeh
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that is usually associated with infections, pregnancy, vasculitis and some types of medication, such as the contraceptive pill and paraneoplastic. Primary Burkitt lymphoma (PBL) of the thyroid gland is very uncommon and the clinical description of such cases has been largely limited to case reports. In this paper, we present a case of CST as the first manifestation of PBL of the thyroid gland. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first case report of PBL of the thyroid gland that presents with bilateral CST...
June 23, 2017: Neurology International
Abdolhossein Bastani, Sadegh Rajabi, Fatemeh Kianimarkani
Neurotransmitters and neurotrophic factors are signaling molecules that play a crucial role in cell proliferation, differentiation, survival and functions of neurons. It is believed that caloric restriction could help the health of the nervous system by affecting the synthesis of neurotrophins and neurotransmitter and oxygen radical metabolism. The objective was to investigate the plasma levels of serotonin, dopamine, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and nerve growth factor (NGF) in 29 healthy fasted subjects (22 women and 7 men) during the month of fasting in Ramadan...
June 23, 2017: Neurology International
Sevki Sahin, Nilgun Cinar, Sibel Karsidag
Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) is a post-infectious acute autoimmune polyradiculopathy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total protein level and plasma neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are related with autoimmune response. We aimed to reach a prognostic indicator for GBS by using electrophysiological findings, protein level of CSF, and plasma NLR based on Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score data. Cases who met diagnostic criteria of GBS and followed at least six months were enrolled in the study. Nerve conduction study (NCS) and lumbar puncture were performed one week after symptom onset...
June 23, 2017: Neurology International
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