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Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology

Dovile Baziulyte-Paulaviciene, Vitalijus Karabanovas, Marius Stasys, Greta Jarockyte, Vilius Poderys, Simas Sakirzanovas, Ricardas Rotomskis
Upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs) are promising, new imaging probes capable of serving as multimodal contrast agents. In this study, monodisperse and ultrasmall core and core-shell UCNPs were synthesized via a thermal decomposition method. Furthermore, it was shown that the epitaxial growth of a NaGdF4 optical inert layer covering the NaGdF4:Yb,Er core effectively minimizes surface quenching due to the spatial isolation of the core from the surroundings. The mean diameter of the synthesized core and core-shell nanoparticles was ≈8 and ≈16 nm, respectively...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Ali Kandemir, Fadil Iyikanat, Cihan Bacaksiz, Hasan Sahin
By performing density functional theory (DFT)-based calculations, the performance of α-silicene as oxidation-resistant coating on Ag(111) surface is investigated. First of all, it is shown that the Ag(111) surface is quite reactive against O atoms and O2 molecules. It is known that when single-layer silicene is formed on the Ag(111) surface, the 3 × 3-reconstructed phase, α-silicene, is the ground state. Our investigation reveals that as a coating layer, α-silicene (i) strongly absorbs single O atoms and (ii) absorbs O2 molecules by breaking the strong O-O bond...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Ryan D Brown, Rebecca C Quardokus, Natalie A Wasio, Jacob P Petersen, Angela M Silski, Steven A Corcelli, S Alex Kandel
The direct injection of a 9,10-phenanthrenequinone in tetrahydrofuran solution on a Au(111) substrate in high vacuum results in the formation of metastable clusters with a non-intuitive structure. Metastable, rectangular tetramers of this molecule form in which the net molecular dipoles all orient toward the center of the cluster. This structure does not allow for additional hydrogen bonding and thus the origin of its metastability is not clear. We compare this feature to other structures observed on this surface, as well as those formed during the deposition of 9-fluorenone, which does not exhibit this anomalous clustering behavior...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Lars Smykalla, Carola Mende, Michael Fronk, Pablo F Siles, Michael Hietschold, Georgeta Salvan, Dietrich R T Zahn, Oliver G Schmidt, Tobias Rüffer, Heinrich Lang
The bottom-up approach to replace existing devices by molecular-based systems is a subject that attracts permanently increasing interest. Molecular-based devices offer not only to miniaturize the device further, but also to benefit from advanced functionalities of deposited molecules. Furthermore, the molecules itself can be tailored to allow via their self-assembly the potential fabrication of devices with an application potential, which is still unforeseeable at this time. Herein, we review efforts to use discrete (metallo)porphyrins for the formation of (sub)monolayers by surface-confined polymerization, of monolayers formed by supramolecular recognition and of thin films formed by sublimation techniques...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Petra Fiala, Daniel Göhler, Benno Wessely, Michael Stintz, Giovanni Mattia Lazzerini, Andrew Yacoot
Dimensional measurements on nano-objects by atomic force microscopy (AFM) require samples of safely fixed and well individualized particles with a suitable surface-specific particle number on flat and clean substrates. Several known and proven particle preparation methods, i.e., membrane filtration, drying, rinsing, dip coating as well as electrostatic and thermal precipitation, were performed by means of scanning electron microscopy to examine their suitability for preparing samples for dimensional AFM measurements...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Lijuan Sun, Xiaoyu Li, Zhiqiang Xu, Kenan Xie, Li Liao
A rapid, template-free method was developed to prepare magnetic, bimetallic Co-Cu nanowires via liquid phase reduction and metal replacement under an external magnetic field. The characterization results confirmed that the as-prepared product was bimetallic Co-Cu nanowires with a desirable linear structure. Additionally, the magnetic hysteresis loop showed that the bimetallic Co-Cu nanowires were paramagnetic, which meant they could be easily separated from the reaction mixture. Furthermore, they were applied to the hydrolysis system of ammonia borane as a catalyst for the first time...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Germán Prieto, Konstantinos D Bakoglidis, Walter R Tuckart, Esteban Broitman
Cryogenic treatments are increasingly used to improve the wear resistance of various steel alloys by means of transformation of retained austenite, deformation of virgin martensite and carbide refinement. In this work the nanotribological behavior and mechanical properties at the nano-scale of cryogenically and conventionally treated AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel were evaluated. Conventionally treated specimens were subjected to quenching and annealing, while the deep cryogenically treated samples were quenched, soaked in liquid nitrogen for 2 h and annealed...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Babak B Naghshine, Amirkianoosh Kiani
In this research, a numerical model is introduced for simulation of laser processing of thin film multilayer structures, to predict the temperature and ablated area for a set of laser parameters including average power and repetition rate. Different thin-films on Si substrate were processed by nanosecond Nd:YAG laser pulses and the experimental and numerical results were compared to each other. The results show that applying a thin film on the surface can completely change the temperature field and vary the shape of the heat affected zone...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Fadil Iyikanat, Ali Kandemir, Cihan Bacaksiz, Hasan Sahin
Using first-principles density functional theory calculations, we investigate adsorption properties and the diffusion mechanism of a Li atom on hydrogenated single-layer α- and β-silicene on a Ag(111) surface. It is found that a Li atom binds strongly on the surfaces of both α- and β-silicene, and it forms an ionic bond through the transfer of charge from the adsorbed atom to the surface. The binding energies of a Li atom on these surfaces are very similar. However, the diffusion barrier of a Li atom on H-α-Si is much higher than that on H-β-Si...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Arūnas Jagminas, Agnė Mikalauskaitė, Vitalijus Karabanovas, Jūrate Vaičiūnienė
Biocompatible superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) through smart chemical functionalization of their surface with fluorescent species, therapeutic proteins, antibiotics, and aptamers offer remarkable potential for diagnosis and therapy of disease sites at their initial stage of growth. Such NPs can be obtained by the creation of proper linkers between magnetic NP and fluorescent or drug probes. One of these linkers is gold, because it is chemically stable, nontoxic and capable to link various biomolecules...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Claudia Struzzi, Mattia Scardamaglia, Jean-François Colomer, Alberto Verdini, Luca Floreano, Rony Snyders, Carla Bittencourt
The surface chemistry of plasma fluorinated vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (vCNT) is correlated to the CF4 plasma chemical composition. The results obtained via FTIR and mass spectrometry are combined with the XPS and Raman analysis of the sample surface showing the dependence on different plasma parameters (power, time and distance from the plasma region) on the resulting fluorination. Photoemission and absorption spectroscopies are used to investigate the evolution of the electronic properties as a function of the fluorine content at the vCNT surface...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Sreetama Banerjee, Daniel Bülz, Danny Reuter, Karla Hiller, Dietrich R T Zahn, Georgeta Salvan
We report light-induced negative organic magnetoresistance (OMAR) measured in ambient atmosphere in solution-processed 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TIPS-pentacene) planar hybrid devices with two different device architectures. Hybrid electronic devices with trench-isolated electrodes (HED-TIE) having a channel length of ca. 100 nm fabricated in this work and, for comparison, commercially available pre-structured organic field-effect transistor (OFET) substrates with a channel length of 20 µm were used...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Svitlana Prylutska, Svitlana Politenkova, Kateryna Afanasieva, Volodymyr Korolovych, Kateryna Bogutska, Andriy Sivolob, Larysa Skivka, Maxim Evstigneev, Viktor Kostjukov, Yuriy Prylutskyy, Uwe Ritter
The self-organization of C60 fullerene and cisplatin in aqueous solution was investigated using the computer simulation, dynamic light scattering and atomic force microscopy techniques. The results evidence the complexation between the two compounds. The genotoxicity of С60 fullerene, Cis and their complex was evaluated in vitro with the comet assay using human resting lymphocytes and lymphocytes after blast transformation. The cytotoxicity of the mentioned compounds was estimated by Annexin V/PI double staining followed by flow cytometry...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Marion Straßer, Joachim H X Schrauth, Sofia Dembski, Daniel Haddad, Bernd Ahrens, Stefan Schweizer, Bastian Christ, Alevtina Cubukova, Marco Metzger, Heike Walles, Peter M Jakob, Gerhard Sextl
New multifunctional nanoparticles (NPs) that can be used as contrast agents (CA) in different imaging techniques, such as photoluminescence (PL) microscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), open new possibilities for medical imaging, e.g., in the fields of diagnostics or tissue characterization in regenerative medicine. The focus of this study is on the synthesis and characterization of CaF2:(Tb(3+),Gd(3+)) NPs. Fabricated in a wet-chemical procedure, the spherical NPs with a diameter of 5-10 nm show a crystalline structure...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Shende Rashmi Chandrabhan, Velayudhanpillai Jayan, Somendra Singh Parihar, Sundara Ramaprabhu
The present paper describes a facile synthesis method for nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rGO) and the application of N-rGO as an effective additive for improving the tribological properties of base oil. N-rGO has been characterized by different characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. N-rGO-based nanolubricants are prepared and their tribological properties are studied using a four-ball tester...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Peter Robaschik, Ye Ma, Salahud Din, Sandrine Heutz
We report on a new approach for the fabrication of ferromagnetic molecular thin films. Co-evaporated films of manganese phthalocyanine (MnPc) and tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) have been produced by organic molecular beam deposition (OMBD) on rigid (glass, silicon) and flexible (Kapton) substrates kept at room temperature. The MnPc:TCNQ films are found to be entirely amorphous due to the size mismatch of the molecules. However, by annealing while covering the samples highly crystalline MnPc films in the β-polymorph can be obtained at 60 °C lower than when starting with pure MnPc films...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Gamze Varan, Juan M Benito, Carmen Ortiz Mellet, Erem Bilensoy
Background: Paclitaxel is a potent anticancer drug that is effective against a wide spectrum of cancers. To overcome its bioavailability problems arising from very poor aqueous solubility and tendency to recrystallize upon dilution, paclitaxel is commercially formulated with co-solvents such as Cremophor EL® that are known to cause serious side effects during chemotherapy. Amphiphilic cyclodextrins are favored oligosaccharides as drug delivery systems for anticancer drugs, having the ability to spontaneously form nanoparticles without surfactant or co-solvents...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Cem Varan, Erem Bilensoy
Background: Brain tumors are the most common tumors among adolescents. Although some chemotherapeutics are known to be effective against brain tumors based on cell culture studies, the same effect is not observed in clinical trials. For this reason, the development of drug delivery systems is important to treat brain tumors and prevent tumor recurrence. The aim of this study was to develop core-shell polymeric nanoparticles with positive charge by employing a chitosan coating. Additionally, an implantable formulation for the chemotherapeutic nanoparticles was developed as a bioadhesive film to be applied at the tumor site following surgical operation for brain glioma treatment...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Konstantin L Ivanov, Alexander Wagenpfahl, Carsten Deibel, Jörg Matysik
Spin chemistry and spintronics developed independently and with different terminology. Until now, the interaction between the two fields has been very limited. In this review, we compile the two "languages" in an effort to enhance communication. We expect that knowledge of spin chemistry will accelerate progress in spintronics.
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Michael G Ruppert, David M Harcombe, Michael R P Ragazzon, S O Reza Moheimani, Andrew J Fleming
In this review paper, traditional and novel demodulation methods applicable to amplitude-modulation atomic force microscopy are implemented on a widely used digital processing system. As a crucial bandwidth-limiting component in the z-axis feedback loop of an atomic force microscope, the purpose of the demodulator is to obtain estimates of amplitude and phase of the cantilever deflection signal in the presence of sensor noise or additional distinct frequency components. Specifically for modern multifrequency techniques, where higher harmonic and/or higher eigenmode contributions are present in the oscillation signal, the fidelity of the estimates obtained from some demodulation techniques is not guaranteed...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
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