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Journal of Laboratory Physicians

Palvi Goel, Ruchita Tyagi, Gursheen Kaur, Bhavna Garg, Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Harpreet Kaur, Varun Mehta, Neena Sood
Entamoeba histolytica has been rarely reported as superadded infection over carcinomatous growth on rectal brushings. We present a case of 68-year-old male who presented with abdominal pain and bleeding per rectum who was found to have an ulceroproliferative growth on sigmoidoscopy. Rectal brushings revealed coexistence of E. histolytica with malignant cells of adenocarcinoma. No organism was detected on biopsy of the tumor, which also showed adenocarcinoma, because of possible surface colonization of the tumor by Entamoeba ...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Aniruddha Saha, Palash Kumar Mandal, Anupam Manna, Kalyan Khan, Subrata Pal
Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma is a rare tumor occurring predominantly in the peritoneum of young women, a few with history of asbestos exposure. A 28-year-old woman presented with ascites and pain abdomen. Ultrasonography and computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed a mass in the retroperitoneum measuring 15 cm × 12 cm. Histopathological examination along with immunohistochemistry (IHC) confirmed it to be a papillary mesothelioma in the peritoneum. It is difficult to differentiate from more common malignant mesothelioma and papillary adenocarcinoma, which also have poorer prognosis...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Kamal Malukani, Amit V Varma, Devashish Choudhary, Shilpi Dosi
Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is an uncommon mesenchymal tumor that predominantly involves the pelvis and perineum of young females. It is often clinically mistaken for more common superficial lesions such as vaginal cysts, labial cysts, and lipomas. A review of the medical literature reveals very few cases of AAM reported in pregnancy. We describe a rare case of AAM in pregnancy, clinically misdiagnosed as prolapsed cervical fibroid.
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Manjari Kishore, Devender Singh Chauhan, Shruti Dogra
Cutaneous and intraoral metastasis from any malignancy is not common. Cutaneous spread is usually noted in 5%-10% of high-grade malignancies, as in carcinoma breast, lung, colon, ovary, and malignant melanoma. Only 4.6% cases of cutaneous spread are from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Intraoral spread from RCC is much rarer with an incidence of approximately 1% of all malignant oral tumors, noted sometimes in tongue, palate, buccal mucosa, gingiva, and lips. RCC is a highly aggressive tumor which requires early diagnosis for increasing the chance of cure...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Pitchaikaran Arul, Magesh Pushparaj, Kanmani Pandian, Lingasamy Chennimalai, Karthika Rajendran, Eniya Selvaraj, Suresh Masilamani
BACKGROUND: An important component of laboratory medicine is preanalytical phase. Since laboratory report plays a major role in patient management, more importance should be given to the quality of laboratory tests. AIM: The present study was undertaken to find the prevalence and types of preanalytical errors at a tertiary care hospital in South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 118,732 samples ([62,474 outpatient department [OPD] and 56,258 inpatient department [IPD]) were received in hematology laboratory...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Parisa Afzali, Anna Isaeian, Peyman Sadeghi, Bobak Moazzami, Nima Parvaneh, Masoumeh Robatjazi, Vahid Ziaee
BACKGROUND: Pediatric-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE) accounts for about 10%-20% of all patients with SLE. Deficiencies in early complement components of the classical pathway are the strong genetic risk factor for the development of SLE. In this study, clinical and laboratory manifestations of both complement-deficient and normal complement pSLE patients were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate clinical and immunological manifestations of pSLE in Iran, 36 consecutive pSLE patients (onset before 18 years) who were followed up over a period of 2 years, were studied...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Abhiram Kalle, Archana Gudipati, Sree Bhushan Raju, Karthik Kalidindi, Swarnalatha Guditi, Gangadhar Taduri, Megha S Uppin
INTRODUCTION: Kidney involvement is a major cause of mortality in systemic amyloidosis. Glomerulus is the most common site of deposition in renal amyloidosis, and nephrotic syndrome is the most common presentation. Distinction between AA and AL is done using immunofluorescence (IF) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Renal biopsy helps in diagnosis and also predicting the clinical course by applying scoring and grading to the biopsy findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study includes all cases of biopsy-proven renal amyloidosis from January 2008 to May 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Yogita Verma, Ekta Gupta, Niteen Kumar, Nadeem Hasnain, Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Viniyendra Pamecha, Rajeev Khanna
AIM: To study and compare the incidence and time of occurrence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in the posttransplant period in adult and pediatric liver transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive live donor liver transplant recipients not on CMV prophylaxis, were prospectively enrolled from March 2012 to September 2015 and followed up for 1 year post transplant to look for CMV infection. For analysis, patients were divided into pediatric (up to 18 years) and adult (>18 years) age groups...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Thanusak Tatu, Denis Sweatman
BACKGROUND: One-tube osmotic fragility test (OFT) is widely used for screening thalassemia traits. Interobserver variation may occur with 0.36% NaCl-based OFT due to the naked eye result reading style. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to establish and evaluate the novel numerical OFT-based parameter, so-called hemolysis area (HA), in screening thalassemia traits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The portable spectrophotometer was invented capable of calculating the HA values...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Jayanthi Siva Subramaniyan, Jeya Meenakshi Sundaram
CONTEXT: ICU shows increasing incidence of infection associated with the use of invasive procedures for the diagnostic purpose as well as the indiscriminate use of antibiotics. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter species are "very successful" pathogen and the emergence of the Metallo-β-Lactamases (MBL) is becoming a therapeutic challenge. AIMS: To isolate the Nonfermenting Gram negative bacilli from the ICU samples. To identify the metallo betalactamase producers and to detect the bla gene presence among the Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii ...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Rajasekhar Sanuvada, Rukmangadha Nandyala, Amit Kumar Chowhan, Phaneendra Bobbidi, Mutheeswariah Yootla, Narendra Hulikal, Alok Sachan
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of types and aggressiveness of thyroid cancers is difficult. The "gold standard" in diagnosis is using routine hematoxylin and eosin staining. Several markers have been investigated for differentiating them among which cytokeratin-19 (CK-19), Hector Battifora mesothelial cell (HBME-1), and galectin-3 are found to be most commonly used. Most studies have evaluated the single expression of markers in various thyroid lesions. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To know the value of immunohistochemical expression of CK-19, HBME-1, and galectin-3 in diagnosing thyroid neoplasms...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
B Vinodh Kumar, Thuthi Mohan
OBJECTIVE: Six Sigma is one of the most popular quality management system tools employed for process improvement. The Six Sigma methods are usually applied when the outcome of the process can be measured. This study was done to assess the performance of individual biochemical parameters on a Sigma Scale by calculating the sigma metrics for individual parameters and to follow the Westgard guidelines for appropriate Westgard rules and levels of internal quality control (IQC) that needs to be processed to improve target analyte performance based on the sigma metrics...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Nasar Alwahaibi, Shaima Aljaradi, Horiyah Alazri
INTRODUCTION: Clearing is an essential step in processing tissue for light microscopy. Xylene is the clearing agent used most commonly worldwide. Xylene is toxic and therefore a threat to personnel working in histopathology laboratories. We evaluated a safer alternative clearing agent for use in the histopathology laboratory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 230 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from 19 different tissues. Half of the specimens were processed using xylene and half were processed using UltraClear™...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Sunil Kumar, Sachin Agrawal, Nitin Raisinghani, Shameem Khan
INTRODUCTION: Organophosphorus poisoning (OPP) is a major public health problem in developing countries like India. Leukocyte count is a simple and inexpensive test, and elevated count is associated with acute inflammation and increased oxidative stress-like OPP. This study was done to correlate the severity of acute OPP with leukocyte count and also to assess the prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational clinical study was done on 80 patients suspected of OPP of age >15 years admitted to emergency unit at a tertiary rural teaching health-care center of Central India...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Zeeba Shamim Jairajpuri, Sujata Jetley, Safia Rana, Shaan Khetrapal, Sabina Khan, Mohammad Jaseem Hassan
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) in the developing countries presents with both pulmonary and extrapulmonary manifestations. Breast TB, however, remains a rare presentation. Its importance lies in the fact that it may mimic malignancy or present as inflammatory lump/abscess. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to highlight the importance of breast TB and its diagnostic challenges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care hospital, over 2 years between 2013 and 2015 during which eight cases of breast lesions were diagnosed as of tubercular origin...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Sonam Kansay, Harinder Singh
BACKGROUND: The frequency of dengue outbreak is increasing in Southeast Asian countries these days and since there are no specific drugs against the dengue virus; therefore, treatment consists of mainly symptomatic and supportive care. AIMS: Platelet transfusion forms one of the major parts of treatment therapy in dengue; therefore, this study was initiated to elicit the effect of introduction of single-donor apheresis platelets (SDAPs) in dengue management. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a retrospective study conducted on 622 clinically suspected cases of dengue infection who received platelet transfusions between August 2013 and December 2015 in a teaching hospital of North India...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Sadia Sultan, Syed Mohammed Irfan, Navaira Ali, Neesha Nawaz
BACKGROUND: Pakistan has a population of over 198 million making it the world's sixth populous country. However, operational population-based cancer registries in Pakistan are lacking. Limited data are available based on institutional or Karachi Cancer Registry from Karachi; however, no exclusive registry for hematological malignancies is established till date. Hence, we decided to conduct a database analysis to determine the frequencies of various hematological cancers in our tertiary care center in Karachi...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Sakshee Gupta, Bharti Malhotra, Jitendra Kumar Tiwari, Prabhu Dayal Khandelwal, Rakesh Kumar Maheshwari
BACKGROUND: Coinfections of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with hepatitis viruses may affect the progress of disease and response to therapy. OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfections in HIV-positive patients and their influence on HIV-1 viral load and cluster of differentiation 4+ (CD4+) T-cell counts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pilot study was done on 179 HIV-positive patients attending antiretroviral therapy (ART) centre...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Lathamani Kotekani, Subbannayya Kotigadde
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae on these days show greater resistance towards newer generation cephalosporin. The present study made an effort to show the relevance between ESBL producing K. pneumoniae and virulence determinant in respect to serum resistance and K1, K2 antigens at a tertiary care hospital in South India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 520 consecutive, non-duplicate isolates of K. pneumoniae were recovered from various clinical specimens such as Urine (n = 360), sputum (n = 107), pus (n = 25), blood (n = 6) and other miscellaneous specimens (n=22) obtained from both out patients and in patients between June 2012 to July 2016 were included in the study...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Anjali Agarwal, Jyoti Srivastava, Ujjwal Maheshwari, Mohd Iftikhar
BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing microorganisms are becoming a major concern among hospital-acquired infections. There is also increased multidrug resistance seen among these isolates. AIMS: We have conducted this study to determine the prevalence of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) gene-producing Escherichia coli among hospitalized patients in a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology with the tertiary care hospital settings...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
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