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Chiropractic & Manual Therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321845/failure-to-define-low-back-pain-as-a-disease-or-an-episode-renders-research-on-causality-unsuitable-results-of-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Emad M Ardakani, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
Background: Causative factors may be different for the very first onset of symptoms of the 'disease' of low back pain (LBP) than for ensuing episodes that occur after a pain-free period. This differentiation hinges on a life-time absence of low back pain at first onset and short-term absence for further episodes. In this systematic review, we explored whether researchers make these distinctions when investigating the causality of LBP. Methods: A literature search of PUBMED, CINAHL, and SCOPUS databases was performed from January 2010 until September 2016 using the search terms 'low back pain' or 'back pain' and 'risk factor' or 'caus*' or 'predict*' or 'onset' or 'first-time' or 'inception' or 'incidence'...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255593/research-priorities-of-the-canadian-chiropractic-profession-a-consensus-study-using-a-modified-delphi-technique
#2
Simon D French, Peter J H Beliveau, Paul Bruno, Steven R Passmore, Jill A Hayden, John Srbely, Greg N Kawchuk
Background: Research funds are limited and a healthcare profession that supports research activity should establish research priority areas. The study objective was to identify research priority areas for the Canadian chiropractic profession, and for stakeholders in the chiropractic profession to rank these in order of importance. Methods: We conducted a modified Delphi consensus study between August 2015 and May 2017 to determine the views of Canadian chiropractic organisations (e...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234493/what-are-the-risks-of-manual-treatment-of-the-spine-a-scoping-review-for-clinicians
#3
REVIEW
Gabrielle Swait, Rob Finch
Background: Communicating to patients the risks of manual treatment to the spine is an important, but challenging element of informed consent. This scoping review aimed to characterise and summarise the available literature on risks and to describe implications for clinical practice and research. Method: A methodological framework for scoping reviews was followed. Systematic searches were conducted during June 2017. The quantity, nature and sources of literature were described...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214015/effect-of-spinal-manipulative-treatment-on-cardiovascular-autonomic-control-in-patients-with-acute-low-back-pain
#4
Mohamed Younes, Karine Nowakowski, Benoit Didier-Laurent, Michel Gombert, François Cottin
Background: This study aimed to quantify the effect of spinal manipulative treatment (SMT) from an analysis of baroreflex, systolic blood pressure and heart rate variability (HRV) on patients with acute back pain. It was hypothesized that SMT would increase the parasympathetic cardiovascular autonomic control. Methods: Twenty-two patients with acute back pain were randomly divided into two groups: one receiving sham treatment (Sham) and the other receiving SMT. Recordings were completed during the first day and the seventh day, immediately before and after treatment on both days...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214014/influence-of-perceived-difficulty-of-cases-on-student-osteopaths-diagnostic-reasoning-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Aurelien L Noyer, Jorge E Esteves, Oliver P Thomson
Background: Diagnostic reasoning refers to the cognitive processes by which clinicians formulate diagnoses. Despite the implications for patient safety and professional identity, research on diagnostic reasoning in osteopathy remains largely theoretical. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of perceived task difficulty on the diagnostic reasoning of students osteopaths. Methods: Using a single-blinded, cross sectional study design, sixteen final year pre-registration osteopathy students diagnosed two standardized cases under two context conditions (complex versus control)...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201346/the-chiropractic-profession-a-scoping-review-of-utilization-rates-reasons-for-seeking-care-patient-profiles-and-care-provided
#6
REVIEW
Peter J H Beliveau, Jessica J Wong, Deborah A Sutton, Nir Ben Simon, André E Bussières, Silvano A Mior, Simon D French
Background: Previous research has investigated utilization rates, who sees chiropractors, for what reasons, and the type of care that chiropractors provide. However, these studies have not been comprehensively synthesized. We aimed to give a global overview by summarizing the current literature on the utilization of chiropractic services, reasons for seeking care, patient profiles, and assessment and treatment provided. Methods: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Index to Chiropractic Literature using keywords and subject headings (MeSH or ChiroSH terms) from database inception to January 2016...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177031/a-protocol-for-clinical-trial-study-of-the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercises-on-spine-kinematics-during-gait-with-and-without-load-in-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#7
Rasool Bagheri, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mahdi Dadgoo, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Amir-Salar Jafarpisheh
Background: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP) is a major public health and global socioeconomic burden with a variety of symptoms such as gait abnormality. Trunk stiffness and deep trunk muscles dysfunction known as guarding mechanism in gait are factors leading to abnormal movement pattern of the spine. Anterior load carriage task during gait is also challenged the trunk stability and its movement pattern. It will be therefore of interest to examine the effect of a Core Stabilization Training Program (CSTP) on the trunk and pelvis kinematics including variability and peak displacement during gait with and without load in NCLBP patients...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158892/correction-to-comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-in-neck-pain-patients-depending-on-the-sex-of-the-chiropractor-a-prospective-outcome-study
#8
Janine Thöni, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12998-017-0149-8.].
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118972/what-is-chiropractic
#9
Jan Hartvigsen, Simon French
While in some jurisdictions chiropractic is fully integrated in public and insurance funded health care systems, in others it is outside and considered as complementary or alternative health care. There is a paucity of data and rigorous scientific studies regarding most aspects of chiropractic practice although research activity has been increasing in recent years. We call for papers for a thematic series in Chiropractic and Manual Therapies that can help define chiropractic better to stakeholders inside and outside the profession under the theme What is Chiropractic?...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075438/knowledge-attitude-influences-and-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-chiropractic-and-nursing-students
#10
Bruce F Walker, Anthony Armson, Christopher Hodgetts, Angela Jacques, Fu En Chin, Garret Kow, Hyung Jin Lee, Mui Kee Wong, Anthony Wright
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is becoming more widely used in the community however there are differences in knowledge and attitudes among and within the various health professions. Chiropractic and nursing students represent a future generation of two health profession groups who may have differing views on CAM. The objectives of this study were to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nursing and chiropractic students about CAM. To investigate the factors that influence their attitudes and beliefs and their likelihood of recommending CAM; and to compare the findings between nursing and chiropractic students to determine similarities and differences...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051814/using-4-to-grade-near-normal-muscle-strength-does-not-improve-agreement
#11
Søren O'Neill, Sofie Louise Thomsen Jaszczak, Anne Katrine Søndergaard Steffensen, Birgit Debrabant
BACKGROUND: Manual assessment of muscle strength is often graded using the ordinal Medical Research Council (MRC) scale. The scale has a number of inherent weaknesses, including poorly defined limits between grades '4' and '5' and very large differences in the span of muscle strength encompassed by each of the six grades. It is not necessarily obvious how to convert a manual muscle test finding into an MRC grade. Several modifications which include intermediate grades have been suggested to improve the MRC scale and the current study examines whether agreement improves and variation in ratings decrease, with an intermediate grade between '4' and '5', in circumstances where such a grade would seem appropriate...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026520/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-sustained-by-australian-osteopaths-qualitative-analysis-of-effects-on-practitioner-health-clinical-practice-and-patient-care
#12
Gopi Anne McLeod, Katerina Annels, Jessica Cohen, Samuel Edwards, Daniel Hodgins, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature that explores the experiences of osteopaths injured while engaging in clinical practice. Evidence from other similar health professions has described the numerous effects of work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMI). Work-related musculoskeletal injury refers to trauma to joints, ligaments, muscles and tendons resulting from injury sustained while undertaking work duties. This research aimed to gain a contextualised understanding of the experiences of osteopaths who have sustained a work-related musculoskeletal injury while performing clinical practice...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932388/appeal-to-fear-in-health-care-appropriate-or-inappropriate
#13
J Keith Simpson
AIM: This paper examines appeal to fear in general: its perceived positive aspects, its negative characteristics, its appropriate as well as its fallacious use. BACKGROUND: Appeal to fear is a commonly used marketing method that attempts to change behaviour by creating anxiety in those receiving a fearful message. It is regularly used in public health initiatives such as anti-smoking, anti-drunk driving campaigns as well as in hypertension awareness campaigns. Some chiropractors appear to use appeal to fear to promote subluxation awareness and thereby encourage the use of chiropractic treatment...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912947/friction-massage-versus-kinesiotaping-for-short-term-management-of-latent-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Marzieh Mohamadi, Soraya Piroozi, Iman Rashidi, Saeed Hosseinifard
BACKGROUND: Latent trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle may disrupt muscle movement patterns and cause problems such as cramping and decreased muscle strength. Because latent trigger points may spontaneously become active trigger points, they should be addressed and treated to prevent further problems. In this study we compared the short-term effect of kinesiotaping versus friction massage on latent trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: Fifty-eight male students enrolled with a stratified sampling method participated in this single-blind randomized clinical trial (Registration ID: IRCT2016080126674N3) in 2016...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878881/tracking-low-back-pain-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-prospective-cohort-study-protocol
#15
Jean Théroux, Norman Stomski, Christopher J Hodgetts, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker, Sylvie Le May, Hubert Labelle
BACKGROUND: Numerous methodological limitations have constrained the findings of previous studies that have examined the prevalence of low back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. This article presents a study protocol that has been designed to address the shortcomings of prior research in this area. In addition, it will establish the level of disease burden associated with acute, recurrent, and chronic low back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: This study will involve a prospective cohort of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis presenting to an outpatient department in a paediatric hospital...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815015/exploring-the-definition-of-%C3%A2-acute%C3%A2-neck-pain-a-prospective-cohort-observational-study-comparing-the-outcomes-of-chiropractic-patients-with-0-2%C3%A2-weeks-2-4%C3%A2-weeks-and-4-12%C3%A2-weeks-of-symptoms
#16
Luana Nyirö, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common complaint in chiropractic patients. Amongst other baseline variables, numerous studies identify duration of symptoms as a strong predictor of outcome in neck pain patients. The usual time frame used for 'acute' onset of pain is between 0 and 4 weeks. However, the appropriateness of this time frame has been challenged for chiropractic low back pain patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare outcomes in neck pain patients with 0-2 vs 2-4 and 4-12 weeks of symptoms undergoing chiropractic treatment...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815014/the-relationship-between-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-chiropractic-students-and-their-treatment-intervention-choices
#17
Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors, such as intolerance of uncertainty (IU), have been shown to impact on the quality of medical care. However, this psychological measure has not been studied in the chiropractic profession. Our objective was to investigate if higher levels of IU in chiropractic students were related to poor choices of management in specific clinical scenarios. Also, we sought to investigate if levels of IU were related to students' intentions to adopt a prescriptive chiropractic technique system and evaluate their levels of self-belief...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804617/-typical-chiropractic-patients-can-they-be-described-in-terms-of-recovery-patterns
#18
Iben Axén, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors expect the typical patient to recover fully or to improve quickly with treatment if relapses occur. However, a mismatch between expectations and outcome would have a negative effect on both the chiropractors' professional self-esteem and patients' satisfaction with care. The prevalence of three types of recovery patterns among patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) was calculated: 1: A full sustained recovery. 2: Initial recovery, but with one or several relapses followed by a period of recovery...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785399/the-comfort-and-safety-of-a-novel-rolling-mechanical-indentation-device-for-the-measurement-of-lumbar-trunk-stiffness-in-young-adults
#19
Benjamin T Brown, Alexandra Blacke, Vanessa Carroll, Petra L Graham, Greg Kawchuk, Aron Downie, Michael Swain
BACKGROUND: The measurement of Posterior-Anterior (P-A) spinal stiffness is a common component of the physical examination of patients presenting with spinal disorders. The aim of this assessment is to provoke pain and/or to determine the degree of resistance or compliance of these structures and the associated soft-tissues to loading. This information, combined with other patient-specific history and examination findings, is integrated into the clinical reasoning process and is used to guide treatment decisions...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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