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Chiropractic & Manual Therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815015/exploring-the-definition-of-%C3%A2-acute%C3%A2-neck-pain-a-prospective-cohort-observational-study-comparing-the-outcomes-of-chiropractic-patients-with-0-2%C3%A2-weeks-2-4%C3%A2-weeks-and-4-12%C3%A2-weeks-of-symptoms
#1
Luana Nyirö, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common complaint in chiropractic patients. Amongst other baseline variables, numerous studies identify duration of symptoms as a strong predictor of outcome in neck pain patients. The usual time frame used for 'acute' onset of pain is between 0 and 4 weeks. However, the appropriateness of this time frame has been challenged for chiropractic low back pain patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare outcomes in neck pain patients with 0-2 vs 2-4 and 4-12 weeks of symptoms undergoing chiropractic treatment...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815014/the-relationship-between-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-chiropractic-students-and-their-treatment-intervention-choices
#2
Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors, such as intolerance of uncertainty (IU), have been shown to impact on the quality of medical care. However, this psychological measure has not been studied in the chiropractic profession. Our objective was to investigate if higher levels of IU in chiropractic students were related to poor choices of management in specific clinical scenarios. Also, we sought to investigate if levels of IU were related to students' intentions to adopt a prescriptive chiropractic technique system and evaluate their levels of self-belief...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804617/-typical-chiropractic-patients-can-they-be-described-in-terms-of-recovery-patterns
#3
Iben Axén, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors expect the typical patient to recover fully or to improve quickly with treatment if relapses occur. However, a mismatch between expectations and outcome would have a negative effect on both the chiropractors' professional self-esteem and patients' satisfaction with care. The prevalence of three types of recovery patterns among patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) was calculated: 1: A full sustained recovery. 2: Initial recovery, but with one or several relapses followed by a period of recovery...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785399/the-comfort-and-safety-of-a-novel-rolling-mechanical-indentation-device-for-the-measurement-of-lumbar-trunk-stiffness-in-young-adults
#4
Benjamin T Brown, Alexandra Blacke, Vanessa Carroll, Petra L Graham, Greg Kawchuk, Aron Downie, Michael Swain
BACKGROUND: The measurement of Posterior-Anterior (P-A) spinal stiffness is a common component of the physical examination of patients presenting with spinal disorders. The aim of this assessment is to provoke pain and/or to determine the degree of resistance or compliance of these structures and the associated soft-tissues to loading. This information, combined with other patient-specific history and examination findings, is integrated into the clinical reasoning process and is used to guide treatment decisions...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725347/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-in-neck-pain-patients-depending-on-the-sex-of-the-chiropractor-a-prospective-outcome-study
#6
Janine Thöni, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The high percentage of female chiropractic students in Switzerland suggests a future sex shift in the chiropractic profession in Switzerland. Thus the purpose of this study is to determine if male and female chiropractors achieve the same treatment outcomes in neck pain patients. METHODS: Included in this prospective outcomes study were 849 patients with neck pain of any duration. Prior to the first treatment, baseline demographic data, the Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) and the numerical rating scale (NRS) for neck and arm pain were completed...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670442/managing-patients-with-acute-and-chronic-non-specific-neck-pain-are-danish-chiropractors-compliant-with-guidelines
#7
Simon Sidenius Brockhusen, André Bussières, Simon David French, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Tue Secher Jensen
BACKGROUND: Non-specific neck pain represents a quarter of all chiropractic patient visits in Denmark. Evidence informed practice can help ensure providers use best available treatment, speed up patient recovery rate and reduce healthcare utilization. It is generally believed that Danish chiropractors treat according to best practice, but we do not know if this is true for management of neck-pain. The objective of this study was to investigate how Danish chiropractors treat patients with acute and chronic non-specific neck pain and determine if management is compliant with recent Canadian guideline recommendations...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593041/the-biopsychosocial-model-and-chiropractic-a-commentary-with-recommendations-for-the-chiropractic-profession
#8
Jordan A Gliedt, Michael J Schneider, Marion W Evans, Jeff King, James E Eubanks
There is an increasing awareness, interest and acceptance of the biopsychosocial (BPS) model by all health care professionals involved with patient care. The areas of spine care and pain medicine are no exception, and in fact, these areas of health care are a major centerpiece of the movement from the traditional biomedical model to a BPS model of patient assessment and delivery of care. The chiropractic approach to health care has a history that is grounded in key aspects of the BPS model. The profession has inherently implemented certain features of the BPS model throughout its history, perhaps without a full understanding or realization...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503293/historical-influence-on-the-practice-of-chiropractic-radiology-part-ii-thematic-analysis-on-the-opinions-of-diplomates-of-the-american-chiropractic-college-of-radiology-about-the-future
#9
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years, various authors have addressed the question of the future of chiropractic. Most were positive about the future, with some advocating evidence-based practice and integration with mainstream healthcare, some advocating continued separation with an emphasis on subluxation-based care or the traditional/historical paradigm of chiropractic, and some calling for tolerance and unity. No papers were found specifically inquiring about the future of chiropractic radiology...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503292/historical-influence-on-the-practice-of-chiropractic-radiology-part-i-a-survey-of-diplomates-of-the-american-chiropractic-college-of-radiology
#10
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: It is known that not all chiropractors follow mainstream guidelines on the use of diagnostic ionising radiation. Various reasons have been discussed in the literature, including using radiography to screen for congenital anomalies, to perform postural analysis, to search for contraindications to spinal manipulation, and to document chiropractic subluxations, i.e., tiny anatomical displacements of vertebrae thought to affect nerves and health. The visualisation of subluxations was the reason chiropractic first adopted the x-ray in 1910...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469841/chiropractors-experience-and-readiness-to-work-in-indigenous-australian-communities-a-preliminary-cross-sectional-survey-to-explore-preparedness-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-for-chiropractors-practising-cross-culturally
#11
Dein Vindigni, Barbara I Polus, Sonja Cleary, Aunty Kerrie Doyle
BACKGROUND: Indigenous people make up approximately 3% of the total Australian population and score poorer on all health indices, including back pain. Chiropractors are well placed to alleviate back pain, yet there is no research that considers chiropractors' readiness to treat Indigenous patients. This study explores chiropractors` experience working with Indigenous Australians, describes perceived barriers and facilitators to chiropractors' participation in Indigenous Healthcare and their willingness to engage in cultural competency training...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465824/manual-therapy-compared-with-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-non-specific-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ruud Groeneweg, Luite van Assen, Hans Kropman, Huco Leopold, Jan Mulder, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Rob A B Oostendorp, Maurits W van Tulder
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy according to the School of Manual Therapy Utrecht (MTU) is a specific type of passive manual joint mobilization. MTU has not yet been systematically compared to other manual therapies and physical therapy. In this study the effectiveness of MTU is compared to physical therapy, particularly active exercise therapy (PT) in patients with non-specific neck pain. METHODS: Patients neck pain, aged between 18-70 years, were included in a pragmatic randomized controlled trial with a one-year follow-up...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439405/the-start-back-tool-in-chiropractic-practice-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Yasmeen Khan
BACKGROUND: The Keele STarT Back Tool was designed for primary care medical physicians in the UK to determine the risk for persistent disabling pain in patients with musculoskeletal pain and to tailor treatments accordingly. In medical and physical therapy settings, STarT Back Tool's tailored care plans improved patients' low back pain outcomes and lowered costs. OBJECTIVE: Review studies using the STarT Back Tool in chiropractic patient populations. METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Index to Chiropractic Literature, and Science Direct databases were searched...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439404/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jean Théroux, Norman Stomski, Christopher J Hodgetts, Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Sylvie Le May, Hubert Labelle
BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common spinal deformity occurring in adolescents and its established prevalence varies from 2 to 3%. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has been identified as a potential risk factor for the development of low back pain in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to systematically review studies of the prevalence of low back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis in order to establish the quality of the evidence and determine whether the prevalence estimates could be statistically pooled...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331575/lumbar-lordosis-in-prone-position-and-prone-hip-extension-test-comparison-between-subjects-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#15
Amir Massoud Arab, Arash Haghighat, Zahra Amiri, Fariba Khosravi
BACKGROUND: Prone hip extension (PHE) is a common and widely accepted test used for assessment of the lumbo-pelvic movement pattern. Considerable increased in lumbar lordosis during this test has been considered as impairment of movement patterns in lumbo-pelvic region. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of lumbar lordosis in PHE test in subjects with and without low back pain (LBP). METHOD: A two-way mixed design with repeated measurements was used to investigate the lumbar lordosis changes during PHE in two groups of subjects with and without LBP...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321293/primary-prevention-in-chiropractic-practice-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Guillaume Goncalves, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors are primarily concerned with musculoskeletal disorders but have the responsibility to deal also with prevention in other areas. OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of chiropractors who have a positive opinion on the use of primary prevention (PP), their actual use of PP, and the proportion of patients who consult for PP in relation to (i) musculoskeletal disorders, (ii) public health issues, or (iii) chiropractic treatment for wellness...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289539/contextually-aided-recovery-care-a-scientific-theory-for-innate-healing
#17
Dave Newell, Lise R Lothe, Timothy J L Raven
BACKGROUND: The chiropractic profession emerged when scientific explanations for causes of health and disease were still in infancy and the co-existence of notions such as innate healing and vitalism were perhaps admissible within such a historical context. Notwithstanding, within the scientific culture of the 21(st) Century all healthcare paradigms require evidential support which in regard these early concepts are in large part, absent. Nevertheless, a large body of emerging scientific evidence supports the existence of innate healing phenomena that may explain a plethora of clinical outcomes observed during chiropractic care...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286645/a-treatise-for-a-new-philosophy-of-chiropractic-medicine
#18
Timothy A Mirtz
BACKGROUND: The philosophy of chiropractic has been a much debated entity throughout the existence of the chiropractic profession. Much criticism has been passed upon the historical philosophy of chiropractic and propagated by contemporary adherents. To date, a new philosophy has not been detailed nor presented that demonstrates principles by which to follow. AIM: The purpose of this paper is to expand upon the work of Russell Kirk (b.1918, d. 1994), an American political theorist, as a basis for principles to guide the formation of a philosophy of chiropractic medicine (PCM)...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191306/chiropractic-management-of-post-spinal-cord-stimulator-spine-pain-a-case-report
#19
Rachel M Perrucci, Christopher M Coulis
BACKGROUND: A brief overview of failed back surgery syndrome, with emphasis on low back pain status post spinal cord stimulation, and post-surgical spinal manipulation is presented. CASE PRESENTATION: Four cases of patients within the VA Connecticut Health Care System presenting between July 2014 and July 2015 reporting low back pain after surgical insertion of spinal cord stimulators are discussed. This study describes the outcomes experienced by four patients with low back pain status post implanted spinal cord stimulators receiving manual therapy in the form of lumbar spine manipulation or mobilization...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191305/the-relationship-between-chiropractor-required-and-current-level-of-business-knowledge
#20
Michael Anthony Ciolfi, Patsy Anne Kasen
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors frequently practice within health care systems requiring the business acumen of an entrepreneur. However, some chiropractors do not know the relationship between the level of business knowledge required for practice success and their current level of business knowledge. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between chiropractors' perceived level of business knowledge required and their perceived level of current business knowledge...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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