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Chiropractic & Manual Therapies

Lyndon G Amorin-Woods, Gregory F Parkin-Smith, Lee Nedkoff, Colleen Fisher
BACKGROUND: This paper reports the quantitative outcomes of a mixed-methods pilot study of the characteristics and demographics of chiropractic practices and patients in Western Australia. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods data transformation model (qualitative to quantitative) pilot study. A non-random sample of chiropractic practices across Western Australia was recruited and data collected anonymously from consecutive new patients using an online platform. Data covered practice and patient demographics and characteristics, alongside quality of life measures...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Lyndon G Amorin-Woods, Gregory F Parkin-Smith, Lee Nedkoff, Colleen Fisher
BACKGROUND: Practice-based data collection can offer insight into the nature of chiropractic practice and contribute to resolving the conundrum of the chiropractic profession's role in contemporary healthcare, subsequently informing care service policy. However, there is little formal data available about chiropractic practice to inform decision-makers about the nature and role of chiropractic within the context of a modern multidisciplinary healthcare context in Australia, particularly at a local and regional level...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Hazel J Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors have been shown to refer for lumbar radiography in clinical scenarios inconsistent with the current clinical guidelines for low back pain. It is unknown whether this is due to lack of adherence with known guidelines or a lack of awareness of relevant guidelines. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine Australian chiropractors' awareness of, and reported adherence to, radiographic guidelines for low back pain. Demographic, chiropractic practice and radiographic usage characteristics will be investigated for association with poor guideline adherence...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Sheena E Wotherspoon, Peter W McCarthy
BACKGROUND: There are many professional associations representing chiropractors and chiropractic in the United Kingdom (UK). Each has its unique selling points (USPs) and chiropractors can choose to join as many as they like; however, cost of membership has to be weighed against perceived benefits. The predictors of UK chiropractic association membership and motivational factors to join these associations, have not formally been identified. This research study aimed to identify some of the factors and motivations in Welsh Institute of Chiropractic (WIOC) Alumni regarding their decision to join (or not) a UK chiropractic professional association...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Carol Cancelliere, James Donovan, Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Melissa Biscardi, Carlo Ammendolia, Corrie Myburgh, J David Cassidy
BACKGROUND: Work disability is a major personal, financial and public health burden. Predicting future work success is a major focus of research. OBJECTIVES: To identify common prognostic factors for return-to-work across different health and injury conditions and to describe their association with return-to-work outcomes. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, Cinahl, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the grey literature were searched from January 1, 2004 to September 1, 2013...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: The incorporation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is widely recognised as a necessary process for entry-level health professional training. Accreditation documents reflect the practice standards of health professions. No previous study has assessed the extent to which EBP has been taken up by chiropractic regulatory/licencing authorities, known as Councils on Chiropractic Education (CCEs), around the world. The purposes of this study were to examine CCEs' educational standards for signs of a positive and negative approach to EBP as indicated by the prevalence and use of the words evidence, research, subluxation and vitalism, and to make recommendations if significant deficiencies were found...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Melanie J Charity, Helena C Britt, Bruce F Walker, Jane M Gunn, Kirsty Forsdike-Young, Barbara I Polus, Simon D French
BACKGROUND: COAST (Chiropractic Observational and Analysis STudy) reported the clinical practices of chiropractors. The aims of this study were to: 1) describe the chiropractic patient demographic and health characteristics; 2) describe patient-stated reasons for visiting a chiropractor; 3) describe chiropractic patient lifestyle characteristics; 4) compare, where possible, chiropractic patient characteristics to the general Australian population. METHODS: Fifty-two chiropractors in Victoria, Australia, provided information for up to 100 consecutive encounters...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Peter C Emary, Taco A W Houweling, Martin Wangler, Stephen J Burnie, Katherine J Hood, W Mark Erwin
There is a growing desire within the chiropractic profession to expand the scope of practice to include limited medication prescription rights for the treatment of spine-related and other musculoskeletal conditions. Such prescribing rights have been successfully incorporated into a number of chiropractic jurisdictions worldwide. If limited to a musculoskeletal scope, medication prescription rights have the potential to change the present role of chiropractors within the healthcare system by paving the way for practitioners to become comprehensive specialists in the conservative management of spine / musculoskeletal disorders...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Fay Karpouzis, Rod Bonello, Mario Pribicevic, Allan Kalamir, Benjamin T Brown
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12998-016-0099-6.].
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Michael Schneider, Roni Evans, Mitchell Haas, Matthew Leach, Louise Delagran, Cheryl Hawk, Cynthia Long, Gregory D Cramer, Oakland Walters, Corrie Vihstadt, Lauren Terhorst
BACKGROUND: Online education programs are becoming a popular means to disseminate knowledge about evidence-based practice (EBP) among healthcare practitioners. This mode of delivery also offers a viable and potentially sustainable solution for teaching consistent EBP content to learners over time and across multiple geographical locations. We conducted a study with 3 main aims: 1) develop an online distance-learning program about the principles of evidence-based practice (EBP) for chiropractic providers; 2) test the effectiveness of the online program on the attitudes, skills, and use of EBP in a sample of chiropractors; and 3) determine the feasibility of expanding the program for broader-scale implementation...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Anna Allen-Unhammer, Francis J H Wilson, Lise Hestbaek
BACKGROUND: The idea of chiropractors treating children is controversial, yet many parents seek chiropractic care for their children. The reasons for this are not well documented. Part one of this study aimed to document the profile of all paediatric patients consulting Norwegian chiropractors in 2013 using National Health Insurance data (NHI) with regards to age, gender and primary complaints. Part two aimed to provide a more detailed description of these patients in the form of a descriptive, paper-based survey...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Steven J Kamper, Kristina Boe Dissing, Lise Hestbaek
BACKGROUND: There is a high demand for robust research into understanding the scope and consequences of musculoskeletal pain in children. An important part of this involves clarifying issues surrounding its measurement, not least differences in reporting from the children themselves and their parents. Therefore this study will assess the degree of agreement between parents' report of their child's pain and the child's own assessment. METHODS: Data were collected in 2013 and 2014 as part of a larger cohort study investigating the health of Danish school children...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Carlo Ammendolia, Pierre Côté, Y Raja Rampersaud, Danielle Southerst, Brian Budgell, Claire Bombardier, Gillian Hawker
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) causing neurogenic claudication is a leading cause of pain, disability and loss of independence in older adults. The prevalence of lumbar spinal stenosis is growing rapidly due to an aging population. The dominant limitation in LSS is walking ability. Postural, physical and psychosocial factors can impact symptoms and functional ability. LSS is the most common reason for spine surgery in older adults yet the vast majority of people with LSS receive non-surgical treatment...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Corrie Myburgh, Eleanor Boyle, Johanne Brinch Larsen, Henrik Wulff Christensen
BACKGROUND: Perceived value is the key ingredient to carving and maintaining a competitive business niche. The opportunities to interact with consumers to understand and enhance perceived value are termed 'touch points'. Due to the out-of-pocket expense incurred by patients, Danish chiropractors are subject to consumer trends and behaviors. The purpose of this investigation was to explore and describe consumer touch points relevant to perceived value through healthcare journeys in chiropractic practices...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Amy L Crothers, Simon D French, Jeff J Hebert, Bruce F Walker
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12998-016-0096-9.].
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Brett Vaughan, Sandra Grace
BACKGROUND: Peer physical examination (PPE) is an efficient and practical educational approach whereby students can practise their examination skills on each other before commencing clinical practice with actual patients. Little is known about the use of PPE in osteopathy education. METHODS: Students in Year 1 of the osteopathy programs at Victoria University (Melbourne, Australia) and Southern Cross University (Lismore, Australia) completed the Examining Fellow Students and the Peer Physical Examination questionnaires prior to, and at the completion of, their first 12-week teaching session...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Bert Ameloot, Jeff Bagust
BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain is a common syndrome, which has not been studied extensively in the low back. Despite a variety of manual and instrument assisted interventions available, little work has targeted the possible effects of fast mechanical impulses on myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) on its sensitivity and electrical activity. The purpose of this experimental study was to quantify the immediate effect of one session of mechanical impulses to lumbar latent MTrPs and to normal muscle tissue with pressure pain threshold (PPT) and surface electromyography (sEMG) as outcome measures...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: Physical manipulation and manual therapies are thousands of years old. The most popular western world iteration of these therapies is delivered by chiropractors. It can be argued that the collective public health benefit from chiropractic for spinal pain has been very substantial, however as chiropractic has transitioned from craft to profession it has encountered many internally and externally driven machinations that have retarded its progress to a fully accepted allied health profession...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Fay Karpouzis, Rod Bonello, Mario Pribicevic, Allan Kalamir, Benjamin T Brown
BACKGROUND: Reviews indicate that the quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in the medical literature is less than optimal, poor to moderate, and require improving. However, the reporting quality of chiropractic RCTs is unknown. As a result, the aim of this study was to assess the reporting quality of chiropractic RCTs and identify factors associated with better reporting quality. We hypothesized that quality of reporting of RCTs was influenced by industry funding, positive findings, larger sample sizes, latter year of publication and publication in non-chiropractic journals...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Linda Hanson, Mitchell Haas, Gert Bronfort, Darcy Vavrek, Craig Schulz, Brent Leininger, Roni Evans, Leslie Takaki, Moni Neradilek
BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic headache is a prevalent and costly pain condition commonly treated by chiropractors. There is evidence to support the effectiveness for spinal manipulation, but the dose of treatment required to achieve maximal relief remains unknown. The purpose of this paper is to describe the methodology for a randomized controlled trial evaluating the dose-response of spinal manipulation for chronic cervicogenic headache in an adult population. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a mixed-methods, two-site, prospective, parallel groups, observer-blind, randomized controlled trial conducted at university-affiliated research clinics in the Portland, OR and Minneapolis, MN areas...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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