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Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310904/synthesis-and-characterization-of-vangabhasma
#1
Babita Kale, Nilima Rajurkar
BACKGROUND: Bhasmas are unique Ayurvedic organometallic preparations used for medicinal purpose. Quality of bhasma depends upon quality of starting materials, processing ingredients, meticulous trituration and heating cycle. In Ayurveda, Vanga bhasma is traditional Indian medicine which is an organometallic preparation treated with plant extract. It is especially used in the treatments of diseases related to gastrointestinal tract and genitor urinary system. However detailed characterization studies after synthesis are important which shows authenticity of product...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306573/challenges-in-integrating-component-level-technology-and-system-level-information-from-ayurveda-insights-from-nmr-phytometabolomics-and-anti-hiv-potential-of-select-ayurvedic-medicinal-plants
#2
Rama Jayasundar, Somenath Ghatak, Muzamil Ashraf Makhdoomi, Kalpana Luthra, Aruna Singh, Thirumurthy Velpandian
BACKGROUND: Information from Ayurveda meeting the analytical challenges of modern technology is an area of immense relevance. Apart from the cerebral task of bringing together two different viewpoints, the question at the pragmatic level remains 'who benefits whom'. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to highlight the challenges in integration of information (Ayurvedic) and technology using test examples of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) metabolomics and anti-HIV-1 potential of select Ayurvedic medicinal plants...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276113/ayurveda-and-the-science-of-aging
#3
REVIEW
Rammohan V Rao
Since time immemorial, humanity has been concerned with developing and preserving youthful vigor, and extending longevity by stopping or delaying the aging process. By 2030, one in five of the world population will be over 65 years old. Longevity and old age are accompanied with a variety of health challenges and population studies indicate that the elderly will use between three to five times more healthcare services compared to the younger population. Modern medicine has made a great deal of progress in understanding the aging process and in controlling age-associated health issues including heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, cancer, senility, and arthritis...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29269119/an-exploratory-clinical-study-to-determine-the-utility-of-heart-rate-variability-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-dosha-imbalance
#4
P Ram Manohar, Oleg Sorokin, James Chacko, Vasudevan Nampoothiri
The present study is a comparison of the data of spectral analysis of heart rate variability with clinical evaluation of pathological state of doshas. The calculated cardiointervalography values are combined into three integral indexes, which according to the authors' opinion reflect the influence on heart rhythm of vata, pitta and kapha, the regulation systems of the body known as doshas in Ayurveda. Seven gross dosha imbalances were assessed to test the agreement between the two methods in this study. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) spectral data was collected from 42 participants to make the comparison with the clinical assessment of dosha imbalance...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249635/study-on-physical-properties-of-ayurvedic-nanocrystalline-tamra-bhasma-by-employing-modern-scientific-tools
#5
Rakesh Kr Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Abhay Kr Aman, S M Karim, Sunil Kumar, Manoranjan Kar
BACKGROUND: Tamra Bhasma is derived from metallic copper that is recommended for different ailments of liver and spleen, dropsy, abdominal pain, heart disease, colitis, tumors, anemia, loss of appetite, tuberculosis, as well as eye problems. OBJECTIVES: The knowledge of crystallite size and active ingredients in Bhasma materials is limited restricting its use as nanomedicine in the modern era. Also, the 2015 Nobel prize in medicine has motivated many researchers towards traditional medicines...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249636/anti-hyperglycemic-and-anti-hyperlipidaemic-effect-of-arjunarisht-in-high-fat-fed-animals
#6
Sushant A Shengule, Sanjay Mishra, Kalpana Joshi, Kishori Apte, Dada Patil, Prathmesh Kale, Tejas Shah, Mandavi Deshpande, Amrutesh Puranik
BACKGROUND: Arjunarisht (AA), a formulation used as cardiotonic is a hydroalcoholic formulation of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight and Arn. (TA) belonging to family Combretaceae. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effect of Arjunarisht on high-fat diet fed animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-fat diet fed (HFD) Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups and treated with phytochemically standardized Arjunarisht (1...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242089/cocos-nucifera-in-combination-with-metformin-for-modulation-of-diabetic-symptoms-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#7
Ginpreet Kaur, Himanshu Sankrityayan, Deepashree Dixit, Priyanka Jadhav
BACKGROUND: Cocos nucifera, belonging to Arecaceae family, holds quite an importance in the Indian traditional medicinal system. C.nucifera inflorescence (CnI) has been reported in the literature to be useful in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, diabetes, and dyspepsia. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of CnI as an adjuvant with metformin in ameliorating Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate antidiabetic activity of CnI in combination with metformin in Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242090/the-effect-of-brahmi-vati-and-sarpagandha-ghana-vati-in-management-of-essential-hypertension-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-study
#8
Dhanpat Mishra, Basavaraj R Tubaki
BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension (EHTN) is emerging as one of the most prevalent disorder with higher rate of complications, morbidity and mortality. Brahmi vati, an Ayurvedic medicine is explored for its efficacy in the management of EHTN. METHODS: 68 patients of age group 20-60 years, of either sex meeting the JNC 7 criteria of EHTN were randomly divided into two groups, group A and group B. Group A and group B received capsule Brahmi vati 500 mg and capsule Sarpagandha Ghana vati 500 mg respectively twice a day for 30 days...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242088/voluntarily-induced-vomiting-a-yoga-technique-to-enhance-pulmonary-functions-in-healthy-humans
#9
Ragavendrasamy Balakrishnan, Ramesh Mavathur Nanjundaiah, Nandi Krishnamurthy Manjunath
Vomiting is a complex autonomic reflex orchestrated by several neurological centres in the brain. Vagus, the cranial nerve plays a key role in regulation of vomiting. Kunjal Kriya (Voluntarily Induced Vomiting), is a yogic cleansing technique which involves voluntarily inducing vomiting after drinking saline water (5%) on empty stomach. This study was designed with an objective to understand the effect of voluntary induced vomiting (ViV) on pulmonary functions in experienced practitioners and novices and derive its possible therapeutic applications...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229369/dielectric-study-of-important-medicinal-oil-clove-oil
#10
Satyendra Pratap Singh, Vishal Singh Chandel, Rajiv Manohar
Dielectric properties of clove oil were determined using an impedance gain phase analyzer (HP 4194 A) at discrete frequencies between 10 kHz and 3 MHz and a range of temperature between 25 °C and 45 °C. A micro processor controller based temperature controller (Julabo F-25) was used for keeping the temperature of clove oil constant. Dielectric constant of the sample is found to decrease with increase in frequency and temperature, while dielectric loss decreases with increase in frequency but increases with increase in temperature...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229368/pharmacodynamic-evaluation-of-self-micro-emulsifying-formulation-of-standardized-extract-of-lagerstroemia-speciosa-for-antidiabetic-activity
#11
Vipin Kumar Agarwal, Gupta Amresh, Phool Chandra
BACKGROUND: Lagerstroemia speciosa (SEL) leaves are a popular folk medicine for diabetes treatment due to presence of corosolic acid. It has low water solubility resulting poor absorption after oral administration. Self micro-emulsified drug delivery system is the way by which we can improve the oral absorption of drug. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop the self micro-emulsifying formulation of standardized extract of SEL leaves and evaluate its pharmacodynamic performance for antidiabetic activity...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225002/documentation-of-plant-drugs-dispensed-via-local-weekly-shanties-of-madurai-city-india
#12
Tagadur Sureshchandra Suma, Kaliamoorthy Ravikumar, Byadarahalli Srikantiah Somashekhar, Devendra Kumar Ved, Roohi Zaman, Gopalakrishnan Rajalakshmi, S N Venugopalan Nair, Subrahmanya Kumar Kukkupuni
BACKGROUND: The Valaiyār (Moopanar) communities of Tamil Nadu are traditionally known for catching rats and snakes from the agricultural fields. Prior to independence, some of these families have faced socio-economic changes and chosen to become herbalists in Madurai city. They are mainly engaged in collecting and dispensing fresh and dried plant drugs in its 'natural form' at Tiḷagar tīḍal market of Madurai city. Their business is unique, because customers receive 'prescriptions' and 'plant drugs', unlike the conventional dispensaries...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223714/ayurveda-the-future-in-the-tradition
#13
Dacia Dalla Libera, Carmen Tosto, Antonio Morandi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217339/standardization-chemical-profiling-in%C3%A2-vitro-cytotoxic-effects-in%C3%A2-vivo-anti-carcinogenic-potential-and-biosafety-profile-of-indian-propolis
#14
Harshad Kapare, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Arulmozhi Sinnathambi, Kakasaheb Mahadik
BACKGROUND: Propolis from apiculture is known for wide range of medicinal properties owing to its vast chemical constituents including polyphenols, flavonoids and anticancer agent Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE). OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to extract and standardize Indian propolis (IP) with respect to selected markers by newly developed High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method, to evaluate in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity and biosafety of Indian propolis...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203352/in%C3%A2-vivo-evaluation-of-antipyretic-effects-of-some-homeopathic-ultra-high-dilutions-on-baker-s-yeast-induced-fever-on-similia-principle
#15
Saeed Ahmad, Tayyeba Rehman, Waheed Mumtaz Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Homeopathy is a controversial alternative system of medicine. The action of homeopathic medicines is considered slow and it is assumed that homeopathic medicines are ineffective in acute conditions such as fever. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, effects of 3 homeopathic medicines on baker's yeast induced fever were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 local strain rabbits were equally divided into 7 groups. Normal saline was orally administered to group 1 (normal control) rabbits without fever induction...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203351/tamarindus-indica-seeds-improve-carbohydrate-and-lipid-metabolism-an-in%C3%A2-vivo-study
#16
Uzukwu Emmanuel Uchenna, Amal Bakr Shori, Ahmad Salihin Baba
BACKGROUND: The tamarind seeds have a lot of nutrients that may be used to control cholesterol or glucose levels. OBJECTIVES: The effects of tamarind seeds (T) on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in rats were studied. Rats were offered basal diet (BD) with T (2%, 4% or 8%) or without T. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Feeding and growth performance in rats were measured and samples of liver and blood were analyzed for glycogen content and levels of cholesterol and glucose respectively...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203350/molecular-characterization-of-a-proteolytic-bacterium-in-panchagavya-an-organic-fertilizer-mixture
#17
D S Sayi, Surya Mohan, K Vinod Kumar
Fermented product of combination of five major substances obtained from cow, viz., urine, milk, ghee, curd, and dung, is known as Panchagavya. Its pro-agricultural and medicinal value has been traditionally known to Indian farmers from Vedic period. In this study, the proteolytic properties of Panchagavya were investigated using Skim Milk Agar (SMA) form, a commercially available Panchagavya product. Proteolytic bacteria, SNCK-3, was successfully isolated. Further identification using 16s rDNA sequencing revealed that SNCK-3 belonged to Acinetobacter spp...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198835/cinnamomum-burmanini-blume-increases-bone-turnover-marker-and-induces-tibia-s-granule-formation-in-ovariectomized-rats
#18
Nia Kania, Wahyu Widowati, Firli Rahmah Primula Dewi, Antonius Christianto, Bambang Setiawan, Nicolaas Budhiparama, Zairin Noor
BACKGROUND: Bone fragility and an increase in susceptibility to fracture osteoporosis is characterized by a reduction in bone mass and the micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue. There is no previous study regarding the effect of Cinnamomum burmanini Blume on osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of C. burmanini Blume on bone turnover marker, mineral elements, and mesostructure of ovariectomized rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, which included a control group (sham surgery), ovariectomy group (OVX), and ovariectomy groups in the presence of ethanolic extract of C...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198414/profiling-and-determination-of-phenolic-compounds-in-indian-marketed-hepatoprotective-polyherbal-formulations-and-their-comparative-evaluation
#19
Sathis Kumar Dinakaran, Balla Sujiya, Harani Avasarala
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, plants have been considered as powerful agents for treatment of disorders due to their traditional use. Plants have a special role in the treatment of various diseases in Ayurveda. Liver disorders with their devastating outcomes have been discussed in Ayurveda as well. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, polyherbal products (L52 and L38) were retrieved from Ayurveda and its pharmacognostic standardization was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quality control test for the Ayurveda tablets were performed as per Indian Pharmacopoeia...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183656/unbiased-plasma-metabolomics-reveal-the-correlation-of-metabolic-pathways-and-prakritis-of-humans
#20
Amey Shirolkar, Sutapa Chakraborty, Tusharkanti Mandal, Rajesh Dabur
BACKGROUND: Ayurveda, an ancient Indian medicinal system, has categorized human body constitutions in three broad constitutional types (prakritis) i.e. Vata, Pitta and Kapha. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of plasma metabolites and related pathways to classify Prakriti specific dominant marker metabolites and metabolic pathways. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 38 healthy male individuals were assessed for dominant Prakritis and their fasting blood samples were collected...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
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