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Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916487/evaluation-of-hepatoprotective-potential-of-erythrina-indica-leaves-against-antitubercular-drugs-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-experimental-rats
#1
Mohd Mujahid, Talib Hussain, Hefazat Hussain Siddiqui, Arshad Hussain
BACKGROUND: Erythrina indica Lam. traditionally used in the treatment of laxative, diuretic, worm infestation, liver ailment and joints pain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antihepatotoxic potential of Erythrina indica against isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) induced hepatotoxicity in rats. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Liver toxicity was induced by antitubercular drugs (INH+ RIF) at dose level of 50 mg/kg each, p.o for 28 days. 50% methanolic extract of Erythrina indica (100 and 200 mg/kg) were administered orally once daily for 28 days...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914754/antiparasitic-and-disease-modifying-activity-of-nyctanthes-arbor-tristis-linn-in-malaria-an-exploratory-clinical-study
#2
Chhaya S Godse, Prakash S Tathed, Sameer S Talwalkar, Rama A Vaidya, Ashok J Amonkar, Akhil B Vaidya, Ashok D B Vaidya
BACKGROUND: An unceasing threat of drug resistance continuously poses demand for new antimalarial drugs. A scientific assessment of traditionally used antimalarial plants through reverse pharmacology is crucial for a fast track drug discovery. An Ayurvedic plant Nyctanthesarbor-tristis Linn. - (Parijat) had shown antimalarial activity, with a parasite clearance in 76.6% of 120 patients, in an earlier clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To further explore antimalarial potential of the plant through additional objective markers...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894590/preconditioning-with-azadirachta-indica-ameliorates-cardiorenal-dysfunction-through-reduction-in-oxidative-stress-and-extracellular-signal-regulated-protein-kinase-signalling
#3
Temidayo Olutayo Omóbòwálé, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Olumuyiwa Abiola Adejumobi, Eguonor Vivian Orherhe, Adetayo Sadudeen Amid, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Helen Olubukola Nottidge, Momoh Audu Yakubu
BACKGROUND: Azadirachta indica is widely distributed in Africa, Asia and other tropical parts of the world. A.indica (AI) is traditionally used for the treatment of several conditions including cancer, hypertension, heart diseases and skin disorders. Intestinal ischaemia-reperfusion is a common pathway for many diseases and may lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and death. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the ameliorative effects of AI on intestinal ischaemia-reperfusion injury-induced cardiorenal dysfunction...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890701/evaluation-for-substitution-of-stem-bark-with-small-branches-of-myrica-esculenta-for-medicinal-use-a-comparative-phytochemical-study
#4
Bhavana Srivastava, Vikas C Sharma, Pramila Pant, N K Pandey, A D Jadhav
BACKGROUND: Over exploitation of many traditional medicinal plants like Myrica esculenta has become a threat and in the near future, many medicinal plants may be unavailable for use of industry. OBJECTIVE: Present study outlines the concept of plant part substitution. Stem bark and small branches of M. esculenta are compared on the basis of physicochemical analysis, phytochemical analysis, total phenolic contents, total flavonoid contents and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) to evaluate the possibilities of using small branches in place of stem bark...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890700/biochanin-a-attenuates-neuropathic-pain-in-diabetic-rats
#5
Venkateswarlu Chundi, Siva Reddy Challa, Devala Rao Garikapati, Giridhar Juvva, Anusha Jampani, Sree Harsha Pinnamaneni, Sahithi Venigalla
BACKGROUND: Soya supplements are used in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Previous reports reveal that consumption of soy diet before nerve injury prevents the development of neuropathic pain in rats. Biochanin-A, a soy isoflavone, has a naturally occurring inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) that metabolized endocannabinoids. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate efficacy of biochanin-A in streptozotocin (STZ) induced neuropathic pain in rat model...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890699/ayurvedic-management-of-spondyloepiphyseal-dysplasia-tarda-a-rare-hereditary-disorder
#6
Sarvesh Kumar Singh, Kshipra Rajoria
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT) is a rare genetic disease in which patient suffers from short stature, short trunk and neck with disproportionately long arms, coxa vara, skeletal features such as barrel shaped chest, kyphosis, scoliosis and early arthropathy. Only limited medical and surgical management is available in modern medicine. A 15 years old male suffering from SEDT and diagnosed as Vata vyadhi was treated with Panchakarma therapy and selected Ayurvedic oral medicines. Ayurvedic treatment was directed to ameliorate the orthopaedic clinical conditions in this case...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889425/-yoga-for-lifestyle-diseases-conference-held-on-2nd-international-day-of-yoga-2016-at-kolar-india
#7
N J Patil, P N Venkatarathnamma, Satish RamchandraRao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889428/spectroscopic-and-e-tongue-evaluation-of-medicinal-plants-a-taste-of-how-rasa-can-be-studied
#8
Rama Jayasundar, Somenath Ghatak
BACKGROUND: The use of medicinal plants in Ayurveda is based on rasa, generally taken to represent taste as a sensory perception. This chemosensory parameter plays an important role in Ayurvedic pharmacology. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to explore the use of structuro-functional information deduced from analytical techniques for the rasa-based classification of medicinal plants in Ayurveda. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methods of differential sensing and spectroscopic metabolomics have been used in select medicinal plants from three different taste categories (sweet, pungent and multiple taste): Tribulus terrestris, Vitis vinifera and Glycyrrhiza glabra from sweet category; Piper longum, Cuminum cyminum and Capsicum annum from pungent group; Emblica officinalis with five tastes...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889427/piper-betel-leaves-induces-wound-healing-activity-via-proliferation-of-fibroblasts-and-reducing-11%C3%AE-hydroxysteriod-dehydrogenase-1-expression-in-diabetic-rat
#9
Nur Amalina Ghazali, Azree Elmy, Lee Chee Yuen, Nurul Zaidah Sani, Srijit Das, Farihah Suhaimi, Rafizul Yusof, Nurul Huda Yusoff, Zar Chi Thent
BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress and stress enzyme 11β hydroxysteriod dehydrogenase-1 (11β HSD-1) served as the major contributing factors for delayed wound healing in diabetes mellitus (DM). Piper betel (PB) leaves are reported to possess anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant and anti-microbial properties. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the effectiveness of topical application of PB leaves extract on oxidative stress and 11β hydroxysteriod dehydrogenase-1 (11β HSD-1) expression in diabetic wounds...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889426/a-selective-review-of-dharana-and-dhyana-in-healthy-participants
#10
REVIEW
Shirley Telles, Nilkamal Singh, Ram Kumar Gupta, Acharya Balkrishna
Attention is an important part of the process of meditation. Traditional Yoga texts describe two stages of meditation which follow each other in sequence. These are meditative focusing (dharana in Sanskrit) and effortless meditation (dhyana in Sanskrit). This review evaluated eight experimental studies conducted on participants in normal health, who practiced dharana and dhyana. The studies included evaluation of autonomic and respiratory variables, eLORETA and sLORETA assessments of the EEG, evoked potentials, functional magnetic resonance imaging, cancellation task performance and emotional intelligence...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816472/effect-of-oleuropein-on-myocardial-dysfunction-and-oxidative-stress-induced-by-ischemic-reperfusion-injury-in-isolated-rat-heart
#11
Mansour Esmailidehaj, Shirin Bajoovand, Mohammad Ebrahim Rezvani, Mozhdeh Sherifidehaj, Zahra Hafezimoghadam, Zeynab Hafizibarjin
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported antioxidant effect of oleuropein in isolated rat heart. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate whether perfusion of isolated rat heart with oleuropein, before induction of ischemia or at the onset of reperfusion, had any effect on the hemodynamic parameters, infarct size and biochemical factors following ischemic - reperfusion injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups: the control groups (Con-P and Con-T groups), O10-P and O50-P groups perfused with 10 and 50 μg/g heart oleuropein 5 min before the induction of ischemia and O10-T and O50-T groups perfused with 10 and 50 μg/g heart oleuropein at the beginning of the reperfusion, respectively...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665674/antidiabetic-activity-of-chandraprabha-vati-a-classical-ayurvedic-formulation
#12
Manish M Wanjari, Sujata Mishra, Yadu Nandan Dey, Deepti Sharma, Sudesh N Gaidhani, Ankush D Jadhav
BACKGROUND: Chandraprabha vati is a classical Ayurvedic formulation, markedly used for mitigation of Prameha, which correlates in many ways with obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to investigate effect of Chandraprabha vati in experimentally-induced hyperglycemia and lipid profile alterations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antidiabetic effect of Chandraprabha vati was studied in fifty five Wistar rats...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658912/clinical-trials-in-ayurveda-analysis-of-clinical-trial-registry-of-india
#13
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
Ayurveda is one of the complementary and alternative systems of medicine requiring generation of high quality evidence for rational practice. Evidence can be generated from study designs and the present study is an attempt to critically assess the registered studies in the field of Ayurveda from clinical trial registry of India. We found low number of trials conducted with more focus required on the quality of these studies to contribute to high quality evidence.
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658911/effect-of-phyllostachys-parvifolia-leaf-extract-on-ionizing-radiation-induced-genetic-damage-a-preliminary-in%C3%A2-vitro-cytogenetic-study
#14
Mansi Patel, Priti Mehta, Sonal Bakshi, Shikha Tewari
The ionizing radiation is a known carcinogen as well as cancer therapeutic agent however, the side effect on normal tissue is a limiting factor and inadequate doses necessitates search for an ideal radioprotective agent. Bamboo species are rich source of antioxidants hence have therapeutic value in many free radical mediated diseases. This is the first report regarding in vitro protective effect of bamboo leaf extract against radiation induced genetic damage in human peripheral blood lymphocytes by cytokinesis blocked micronuclei (CBMN) assay...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649635/recent-advances-on-the-anti-cancer-properties-of-nigella-sativa-a-widely-used-food-additive
#15
Amin F Majdalawieh, Muneera W Fayyad
The use of naturally-occurring agents to regulate tumorigenesis is on the rise. Several herbal extracts, pure plant-derived active constituents, and food additives have been reported to possess potent anti-cancer properties and cancer-ameliorating effects. The wide-range anti-cancer effects of Nigella sativa, also known as black seed or black cumin, have been extensively studied using different in vitro and in vivo models. Here, we provide a comprehensive, analytical review of the reported anti-cancer properties of N...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649634/can-yoga-therapy-stimulate-stem-cell-trafficking-from-bone-marrow
#16
Nitya Shree, Ramesh R Bhonde
It has been established that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from bone marrow enter the peripheral circulation intermittently for possible tissue regeneration, repair and to take care of daily wear and tear. This is evident from the detection of MSCs from peripheral blood. The factors governing this migration remain elusive. These MSCs carry out the work of policing and are supposed to repair the injured tissues. Thus, these cells help in maintaining the tissue and organ homeostasis. Yoga and pranayama originated in India and is now being practiced all over the world for positive health...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647542/the-third-international-congress-of-society-for-ethnopharmacology-india-2016
#17
Pulok K Mukherjee, Amit Kar, Debayan Goswami, Joydeb Chanda, R Logesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647541/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-of-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-withaina-somnifera-extracts-in-knee-joint-pain
#18
G S H Ramakanth, C Uday Kumar, P V Kishan, P Usharani
BACKGROUND: Root extracts of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) are known to possess analgesic, anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects. An aqueous extract of roots plus leaves of this plant has shown to yield higher percentages of withanolide glycosides and, accordingly, may possess better analgesic, anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects than root alone extracts. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy and tolerability of a standardized aqueous extract of roots plus leaves of W...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640330/ayurvedic-drugs-in-case-claims-evidence-regulations-and-ethics
#19
Bhushan Patwardhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637447/-what-do-ayurveda-postgraduate-entrance-examinations-actually-assess-results-of-a-five-year-period-question-paper-analysis-based-on-bloom-s-taxonomy
#20
Deepti Singh, Piyush Kumar Tripathi, Kishor Patwardhan
BACKGROUND: The standards of Ayurveda education in India are being questioned in the recent years and many suggestions related to educational reforms are being put forth by educators and health policy experts. However, the Post Graduate Entrance Examinations (PGEEs) that are carried out to select the candidates to pursue postgraduate programs have received little attention in this context. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to classify the Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) from Ayurveda PGEEs conducted in different universities of India during the five year period (ranging from 2010 to 2014) into six levels of Bloom's Taxonomy in cognitive domain...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
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