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Frontiers in Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459842/robot-faces-that-follow-gaze-facilitate-attentional-engagement-and-increase-their-likeability
#1
Cesco Willemse, Serena Marchesi, Agnieszka Wykowska
Gaze behavior of humanoid robots is an efficient mechanism for cueing our spatial orienting, but less is known about the cognitive-affective consequences of robots responding to human directional cues. Here, we examined how the extent to which a humanoid robot (iCub) avatar directed its gaze to the same objects as our participants affected engagement with the robot, subsequent gaze-cueing, and subjective ratings of the robot's characteristic traits. In a gaze-contingent eyetracking task, participants were asked to indicate a preference for one of two objects with their gaze while an iCub avatar was presented between the object photographs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459841/electrophysiological-response-to-the-informative-value-of-feedback-revealed-in-a-segmented-wisconsin-card-sorting-test
#2
Fuhong Li, Jing Wang, Bin Du, Bihua Cao
Feedback has two main components. One is valence that indicates the wrong or correct behavior, and the other is the informative value that refers to what we can learn from feedback. Aimed to explore the neural distinction of these two components, we provided participants with a segmented Wisconsin Card Sorting Task, in which they received either positive or negative feedback at different steps. The informative value was manipulated in terms of the order of feedback presentation. The results of event-related potentials time-locked to the feedback presentation confirmed that valence of feedback was processed in a broad epoch, especially in the time window of feedback-related negativity (FRN), reflecting detection of correct or wrong card sorting behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459840/how-strong-is-your-coffee-the-influence-of-visual-metaphors-and-textual-claims-on-consumers-flavor-perception-and-product-evaluation
#3
Anna Fenko, Roxan de Vries, Thomas van Rompay
This study investigates the relative impact of textual claims and visual metaphors displayed on the product's package on consumers' flavor experience and product evaluation. For consumers, strength is one of the most important sensory attributes of coffee. The 2 × 3 between-subjects experiment ( N = 123) compared the effects of visual metaphor of strength (an image of a lion located either on top or on the bottom of the package of coffee beans) and the direct textual claim ("extra strong") on consumers' responses to coffee, including product expectation, flavor evaluation, strength perception and purchase intention...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459839/psychological-characteristics-in-talented-soccer-players-recommendations-on-how-to-improve-coaches-assessment
#4
Lisa Musculus, Babett H Lobinger
Psychological characteristics, including personality traits and psychological skills, have been shown to be relevant predictors of soccer performance. In research, general and sport specific standardized self-report questionnaires have been applied in psychological diagnostics of sports talent. However, with regard to the assessment of psychological characteristics of talented soccer players, a gap between research and practice is apparent. While soccer clubs often ask their coaches to assess their players on self-designed, unevaluated scouting sheets, research widely neglects expert coaches' and clubs' perspectives on relevant performance characteristics...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459838/characterizing-and-measuring-maliciousness-for-cybersecurity-risk-assessment
#5
REVIEW
Zoe M King, Diane S Henshel, Liberty Flora, Mariana G Cains, Blaine Hoffman, Char Sample
Cyber attacks have been increasingly detrimental to networks, systems, and users, and are increasing in number and severity globally. To better predict system vulnerabilities, cybersecurity researchers are developing new and more holistic approaches to characterizing cybersecurity system risk. The process must include characterizing the human factors that contribute to cyber security vulnerabilities and risk. Rationality, expertise, and maliciousness are key human characteristics influencing cyber risk within this context, yet maliciousness is poorly characterized in the literature...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459837/effects-of-relaxing-and-arousing-music-during-imagery-training-on-dart-throwing-performance-physiological-arousal-indices-and-competitive-state-anxiety
#6
Garry Kuan, Tony Morris, Yee Cheng Kueh, Peter C Terry
Music that is carefully selected to match the requirements of activities and the characteristics of individuals has been shown to produce significant impacts on performance enhancement (Priest et al., 2004). There is also evidence that music can enhance imagery (Grocke and Wigram, 2007), although few studies have investigated the effects of music on imagery in the context of sport skills. In the present study, the effects of relaxing and arousing music during imagery on dart-throwing performance, physiological arousal indices, and competitive state anxiety, were investigated among 63 novice dart throwers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457802/corrigendum-stimulating-the-right-temporoparietal-junction-with-tdcs-decreases-deception-in-moral-hypocrisy-and-unfairness
#7
Honghong Tang, Peixia Ye, Shun Wang, Ruida Zhu, Song Su, Luqiong Tong, Chao Liu
[This corrects the article on p. 2033 in vol. 8, PMID: 29218025.].
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456520/corrigendum-yoga-poses-increase-subjective-energy-and-state-self-esteem-in-comparison-to-power-poses
#8
Agnieszka Golec de Zavala, Dorottya Lantos, Deborah Bowden
[This corrects the article on p. 752 in vol. 8, PMID: 28553249.].
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456519/why-don-t-you-go-to-bed-on-time-a-daily-diary-study-on-the-relationships-between-chronotype-self-control-resources-and-the-phenomenon-of-bedtime-procrastination
#9
Jana Kühnel, Christine J Syrek, Anne Dreher
Background: This daily diary study investigates the phenomenon of bedtime procrastination. Bedtime procrastination is defined as going to bed later than intended, without having external reasons for doing so. We highlight the role chronotype (interindividual differences in biological preferences for sleep-wake-times) plays for bedtime procrastination. Moreover, we challenge the view that bedtime procrastination is the result of a lack of self-regulatory resources by investigating momentary self-regulatory resources as a predictor of day-specific bedtime procrastination...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456518/environmental-physiology-and-diving-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Gerardo Bosco, Alex Rizzato, Richard E Moon, Enrico M Camporesi
Man's experience and exploration of the underwater environment has been recorded from ancient times and today encompasses large sections of the population for sport enjoyment, recreational and commercial purpose, as well as military strategic goals. Knowledge, respect and maintenance of the underwater world is an essential development for our future and the knowledge acquired over the last few dozen years will change rapidly in the near future with plans to establish secure habitats with specific long-term goals of exploration, maintenance and survival...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456517/editorial-understanding-selfies
#11
EDITORIAL
Nicola Bruno, Katarzyna Pisanski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Piotr Sorokowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456516/the-socio-communicative-development-of-preterm-infants-is-resistant-to-the-negative-effects-of-parity-on-maternal-responsiveness
#12
Ivete F R Caldas, Marilice F Garotti, Victor K M Shiramizu, Antonio Pereira
Humans are born completely dependent on adult care for survival. To get the necessary support, newborns rely on socio-communicative abilities which have both innate and learned components. Maternal responsiveness (MR), as a critical aspect of mother-infant interaction, is a robust predictor of the acquisition of socio-communicative abilities. However, maternal responsiveness (MR) is influenced by parity, since mothers rely on a limited capacity of cognitive control for efficient attachment with their offspring...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449824/reduced-self-control-after-3-months-of-imprisonment-a-pilot-study
#13
Jesse Meijers, Joke M Harte, Gerben Meynen, Pim Cuijpers, Erik J A Scherder
Background: Prison can be characterized as an impoverished environment encouraging a sedentary lifestyle with limited autonomy and social interaction, which may negatively affect self-control and executive function. Here, we aim to study the effects of imprisonment on self-control and executive functions, and we report the change in neuropsychological outcome after 3 months of imprisonment. Materials and Methods: Participants were 37 male inmates in a remand prison in Amsterdam, Netherlands, who completed six tests of a computerized neuropsychological test battery (the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery) in the first week of arrival...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449823/age-differences-in-age-perceptions-and-developmental-transitions
#14
William J Chopik, Ryan H Bremner, David J Johnson, Hannah L Giasson
Is 50 considered "old"? When do we stop being considered "young"? If individuals could choose to be any age, what would it be? In a sample of 502,548 internet respondents ranging in age from 10 to 89, we examined age differences in aging perceptions (e.g., how old do you feel?) and estimates of the timing of developmental transitions (e.g., when does someone become an older adult?). We found that older adults reported older perceptions of aging (e.g., choosing to be older, feeling older, being perceived as older), but that these perceptions were increasingly younger than their current age...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449822/attachment-patterns-and-complex-trauma-in-a-sample-of-adults-diagnosed-with-gender-dysphoria
#15
Guido Giovanardi, Roberto Vitelli, Carola Maggiora Vergano, Alexandro Fortunato, Luca Chianura, Vittorio Lingiardi, Anna Maria Speranza
The current study investigated attachment representations and complex trauma in a sample of gender dysphoric adults. Although it has been proven that the psychological wellbeing of gender diverse persons is largely mediated by family acceptance and support, research on their relationships with parental figures is scarce. A total of 95 adults took part in the study. The attachment distribution was as follows: 27% secure, 27% insecure and 46% disorganized. Regarding early traumas, 56% experienced four or more traumatic forms...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449821/intentional-forgetting-in-organizations-the-importance-of-eliminating-retrieval-cues-for-implementing-new-routines
#16
REVIEW
Annette Kluge, Norbert Gronau
To cope with the already large, and ever increasing, amount of information stored in organizational memory, "forgetting," as an important human memory process, might be transferred to the organizational context. Especially in intentionally planned change processes (e.g., change management), forgetting is an important precondition to impede the recall of obsolete routines and adapt to new strategic objectives accompanied by new organizational routines. We first comprehensively review the literature on the need for organizational forgetting and particularly on accidental vs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449820/headache-and-alexithymia-in-children-and-adolescents-what-is-the-connection
#17
REVIEW
Giulia Natalucci, Noemi Faedda, Dario Calderoni, Rita Cerutti, Paola Verdecchia, Vincenzo Guidetti
Background: Headache is one of the most common complaints in children and adolescents and comorbidity rates are very high and the major associated diseases are depression, anxiety, atopic disorders, sleep, and behavioral disorders. In recent years, it has been highlighted that difficulties regulating emotions such as alexithymia have also been associated with diagnosis of somatization. Methods: We carried out a mini review analyzing the relation between alexithymia and primary headache (e.g., migraine and tension type headache) in children and adolescents by synthesizing the relevant studies in the literature on PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449819/knowledge-is-power-for-medical-assistants-crystallized-and-fluid-intelligence-as-predictors-of-vocational-knowledge
#18
Anne Moehring, Ulrich Schroeders, Oliver Wilhelm
Medical education research has focused almost entirely on the education of future physicians. In comparison, findings on other health-related occupations, such as medical assistants, are scarce. With the current study, we wanted to examine the knowledge-is-power hypothesis in a real life educational setting and add to the sparse literature on medical assistants. Acquisition of vocational knowledge in vocational education and training (VET) was examined for medical assistant students ( n = 448). Differences in domain-specific vocational knowledge were predicted by crystallized and fluid intelligence in the course of VET...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449818/is-reading-instruction-evidence-based-analyzing-teaching-practices-using-t-patterns
#19
Natalia Suárez, Carmen R Sánchez, Juan E Jiménez, M Teresa Anguera
The main goal of this study was to analyze whether primary teachers use evidence-based reading instruction for primary-grade readers. The study sample consisted of six teachers whose teaching was recorded. The observation instrument used was developed ad hoc for this study. The recording instrument used was Match Vision Studio. The data analysis was performed using SAS, GT version 2.0 E, and THEME. The results indicated that the teaching practices used most frequently and for the longest duration were: feedback (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445353/validation-of-the-italian-tinnitus-questionnaire-short-form-tq-12-i-as-a-brief-test-for-the-assessment-of-tinnitus-related-distress-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#20
Roland Moschen, Alessandra Fioretti, Alberto Eibenstein, Eleonora Natalini, Domenico Cuda, Giuseppe Chiarella, Gerhard Rumpold, David Riedl
Objectives: The use of reliable and valid psychometric tools to assess subjectively experienced distress due to tinnitus is broadly recommended. The purpose of the study was the validation of the Italian version of Tinnitus Questionnaire 12 item short form (TQ 12-I) as a brief test for the assessment of patient reported tinnitus-related distress. Design: Cross-sectional multicenter questionnaire study. Setting: Tinnitus Center, European Hospital (Rome), the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, "Guglielmo da Saliceto" Hospital (Piacenza), and the Department of Audiology and Phoniatry, "Mater Domini" University Hospital (Catanzaro)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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