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Frontiers in Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804473/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-french-version-of-the-anticipatory-and-consummatory-interpersonal-pleasure-scale
#1
Joséphine Chaix, Philippe Golay, Caroline Fankhauser, Alexandra Nguyen, Diane C Gooding, Jérôme Favrod
The Anticipatory and Consummatory Interpersonal Pleasure Scale (ACIPS), a measure specifically designed to assess hedonic capacity for social and interpersonal pleasure, was used to evaluate the presence of social anhedonia in patients as well as the general population. The first goal of this study was to validate the structure of the French version of the ACIPS. The second objective was to verify whether a one, two or three factor solution is most appropriate for the ACIPS scale. The French version of the ACIPS was tested on 263 French-speaking pre-graduate students or professional volunteers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804472/editorial-impression-management-and-faking-in-job-interviews
#2
EDITORIAL
Joshua S Bourdage, Nicolas Roulin, Julia Levashina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804471/cahost-an-excel-workbook-for-facilitating-the-johnson-neyman-technique-for-two-way-interactions-in-multiple-regression
#3
Stephen W Carden, Nicholas S Holtzman, Michael J Strube
When using multiple regression, researchers frequently wish to explore how the relationship between two variables is moderated by another variable; this is termed an interaction. Historically, two approaches have been used to probe interactions: the pick-a-point approach and the Johnson-Neyman (JN) technique. The pick-a-point approach has limitations that can be avoided using the JN technique. Currently, the software available for implementing the JN technique and creating corresponding figures lacks several desirable features-most notably, ease of use and figure quality...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804470/evaluating-fit-indices-for-multivariate-t-based-structural-equation-modeling-with-data-contamination
#4
Mark H C Lai, Jiaqi Zhang
In conventional structural equation modeling (SEM), with the presence of even a tiny amount of data contamination due to outliers or influential observations, normal-theory maximum likelihood (ML-Normal) is not efficient and can be severely biased. The multivariate-t-based SEM, which recently got implemented in Mplus as an approach for mixture modeling, represents a robust estimation alternative to downweigh the impact of outliers and influential observations. To our knowledge, the use of maximum likelihood estimation with a multivariate-t model (ML-t) to handle outliers has not been shown in SEM literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804469/longitudinal-relationships-between-social-support-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-adolescent-survivors-of-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#5
Xuji Jia, Xia Liu, Liuhua Ying, Chongde Lin
This study aimed to explore the longitudinal relationships between social support and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among adolescent survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake. Follow-up assessments were conducted with 452 participants at 12, 18, and 24 months after the earthquake. The results showed that the level of social support at 12 and 18 months following the earthquake predicted subsequent PTG, but not vice versa. In addition, multi-group analyses of gender showed no gender differences between social support and PTG in the cross-lagged model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804468/individual-difference-factors-in-the-learning-and-transfer-of-patterning-discriminations
#6
Elisa Maes, Elias Vanderoost, Rudi D'Hooge, Jan De Houwer, Tom Beckers
In an associative patterning task, some people seem to focus more on learning an overarching rule, whereas others seem to focus on acquiring specific relations between the stimuli and outcomes involved. Building on earlier work, we further investigated which cognitive factors are involved in feature- vs. rule-based learning and generalization. To this end, we measured participants' tendency to generalize according to the rule of opposites after training on negative and positive patterning problems (i.e., A+/B+/AB- and C-/D-/CD+), their tendency to attend to global aspects or local details of stimuli, their systemizing disposition and their score on the Raven intelligence test...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804467/learning-about-expectation-violation-from-prediction-error-paradigms-a-meta-analysis-on-brain-processes-following-a-prediction-error
#7
Lisa D'Astolfo, Winfried Rief
Modifying patients' expectations by exposing them to expectation violation situations (thus maximizing the difference between the expected and the actual situational outcome) is proposed to be a crucial mechanism for therapeutic success for a variety of different mental disorders. However, clinical observations suggest that patients often maintain their expectations regardless of experiences contradicting their expectations. It remains unclear which information processing mechanisms lead to modification or persistence of patients' expectations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804466/interpersonal-movement-synchrony-responds-to-high-and-low-level-conversational-constraints
#8
Alexandra Paxton, Rick Dale
Much work on communication and joint action conceptualizes interaction as a dynamical system. Under this view, dynamic properties of interaction should be shaped by the context in which the interaction is taking place. Here we explore interpersonal movement coordination or synchrony-the degree to which individuals move in similar ways over time-as one such context-sensitive property. Studies of coordination have typically investigated how these dynamics are influenced by either high-level constraints (i.e., slow-changing factors) or low-level constraints (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798717/identifying-features-of-bodily-expression-as-indicators-of-emotional-experience-during-multimedia-learning
#9
Valentin Riemer, Julian Frommel, Georg Layher, Heiko Neumann, Claudia Schrader
The importance of emotions experienced by learners during their interaction with multimedia learning systems, such as serious games, underscores the need to identify sources of information that allow the recognition of learners' emotional experience without interrupting the learning process. Bodily expression is gaining in attention as one of these sources of information. However, to date, the question of how bodily expression can convey different emotions has largely been addressed in research relying on acted emotion displays...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798716/planning-for-retirement-longitudinal-effect-on-retirement-resources-and-post-retirement-well-being
#10
Dannii Y Yeung, Xiaoyu Zhou
Retirement is a major life event, and a positive adjustment to retirement is essential for maintaining physical and psychological well-being in later life. Previous research demonstrates that pre-retirement planning predicts post-retirement well-being. This study further explores the underlying mechanism between planning activities and post-retirement well-being. By applying the resource-based dynamic model (Wang et al., 2011), the present longitudinal study examines whether pre-retirement planning activities can increase the total resources of retirees, including tangible, mental and social resources, and consequently contribute to better psychological and physical well-being 1 year after actual retirement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798715/the-sooner-the-worse-association-between-earlier-age-of-sexual-initiation-and-worse-adolescent-health-and-well-being-outcomes
#11
Alfonso Osorio, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Silvia Carlos, Jokin de Irala
This cross-sectional study assesses the association between age of sexual initiation during adolescence and a selection of well-being outcomes regarding that first relationship. High-school adolescents from El Salvador (2,686) and from Peru (3,399) replied to a paper-pencil questionnaire. Those who were sexually initiated replied to several questions regarding their age at sexual initiation, condom use, satisfaction and reasons/circumstances for that sexual relationship. Approximately 19% of participants were sexually initiated (n = 1,179)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798714/buffering-impostor-feelings-with-kindness-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion-between-gender-role-orientation-and-the-impostor-phenomenon
#12
Alexandra Patzak, Marlene Kollmayer, Barbara Schober
The impostor phenomenon (IP) refers to high-achievers who underestimate their abilities and thus fear being unmasked as impostors. IP sufferers attribute their success to factors other than their abilities, entailing negative emotions, unfavorable motivations, and reduced well-being. The IP was originally conceptualized as a predominantly female experience, and is thus seen as an important psychological barrier for female academic careers. Empirical findings of gender differences in the IP are equivocal, but sparse research on associations between gender-role orientation and the IP indicates that feminine students suffer more intensely from the IP than masculine students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798713/knowledge-vs-action-discrepancies-in-university-students-knowledge-about-and-self-reported-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#13
Nora M Foerst, Julia Klug, Gregor Jöstl, Christiane Spiel, Barbara Schober
University students are supposed to be autonomous learners, able to adapt to an educational environment significantly less guided than school. Entering higher education poses a challenge of self-regulation, in which beginning students are often not prepared with self-regulation strategies needed. Since there are many studies assessing self-regulated learning (SRL) via classical self-reports, we know a lot about how students generally self-assess their SRL strategies. However, SRL and performance do not always correlate highly in these studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798712/ongoing-voluntary-settlement-and-independent-agency-evidence-from-china
#14
Jing Feng, Xiaopeng Ren, Xinran Ma
Voluntary frontier settlement leads to independent agency. Since this type of research has not yet been implemented in ongoing voluntary settlement frontiers, we conducted several cultural tasks to investigate Shenzhen, known as China's ongoing "South Frontier," which is composed mostly of people that have emigrated from other Chinese provinces within the past 30 years. We hypothesized that residents of Shenzhen are more independent than those in other regions of Mainland China. As predicted, residents of Shenzhen scored higher than China inland residents in self-reported independent beliefs and scored lower in nepotism...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798711/languages-in-drier-climates-use-fewer-vowels
#15
Caleb Everett
This study offers evidence for an environmental effect on languages while relying on continuous linguistic and continuous ecological variables. Evidence is presented for a positive association between the typical ambient humidity of a language's native locale and that language's degree of reliance on vowels. The vowel-usage rates of over 4000 language varieties were obtained, and several methods were employed to test whether these usage rates are associated with ambient humidity. The results of these methods are generally consistent with the notion that reduced ambient humidity eventually yields a reduced reliance of languages on vowels, when compared to consonants...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798710/convergent-evaluation-of-working-memory-and-arithmetic-ability-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-intellectual-impairment
#16
Sandra Pellizzoni, Maria C Passolunghi
Studies focusing on a joint evaluation of both Working Memory (WM) and Math Ability (MA) in autism are far from abundant in literature, possibly due to inadequate methodological approaches and reported inconsistencies between results obtained in each separate field of research, resulting in contradictory conclusions. The specific aim of this case report is therefore evaluating and integrating results on these two cognitive abilities in a child with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment. Our data on an autistic 10-year-old child (M...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798709/the-more-the-better-multiple-vs-single-jobholders-job-satisfaction-as-a-matter-of-lacked-information
#17
Maria U Kottwitz, Lena Hünefeld, Benjamin P Frank, Kathleen Otto
In recent decades, the working world has changed dramatically and rising demands on flexibility make the coordination of personal and professional life more difficult. Therefore, it is important that the incumbents are in possession of all necessary information concerning their job. This might be a key issue to remain satisfied. Simultaneously, atypical forms of employment have substantially increased in the labor market; one such form is holding more than one job. While the motives might differ from needing an additional income to broadening job opportunities, practicing several jobs requires coordination and thus, being informed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798708/somatic-markers-rhetoric-and-post-truth
#18
José M Muñoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798707/feasibility-of-motor-imagery-training-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-pilot-study
#19
Imke L J Adams, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Jessica M Lust, Peter H Wilson, Bert Steenbergen
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) experience movement difficulties that may be linked to processes involved in motor imagery (MI). This paper discusses recent advances in theory that underpin the use of MI training for children with DCD. This knowledge is translated in a new MI training protocol which is compared with the cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance (CO-OP). Children meeting DSM-5 criteria for DCD were assigned to MI (n = 4) or CO-OP (n = 4) interventions and completed nine treatment sessions, including homework exercises...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798706/age-dependent-positivity-bias-in-children-s-processing-of-emotion-terms
#20
Daniela Bahn, Michael Vesker, José C García Alanis, Gudrun Schwarzer, Christina Kauschke
Emotions play an important role in human communication, and the daily-life interactions of young children often include situations that require the verbalization of emotional states with verbal means, e.g., with emotion terms. Through them, one can express own emotional states and those of others. Thus, the acquisition of emotion terms allows children to participate more intensively in social contexts - a basic requirement for learning new words and for elaborating socio-emotional skills. However, little is known about how children acquire and process this specific word category, which is positioned between concrete and abstract words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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