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Frontiers in Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428768/the-best-dataset-of-language-proficiency
#1
Angela de Bruin, Manuel Carreiras, Jon Andoni Duñabeitia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428767/social-cognitive-training-improves-emotional-processing-and-reduces-aggressive-attitudes-in-ex-combatants
#2
Sandra Trujillo, Natalia Trujillo, Jose D Lopez, Diana Gomez, Stella Valencia, Jorge Rendon, David A Pineda, Mario A Parra
Emotional processing (EP) is a complex cognitive function necessary to successfully adjust to social environments where we need to interpret and respond to cues that convey threat or reward signals. Ex-combatants have consistently shown atypical EP as well as poor social interactions. Available reintegration programs aim to facilitate the re-adaptation of ex-combatants to their communities. However, they do not incorporate actions to improve EP and to enhance cognitive-emotional regulation. The present study was aimed at evaluating the usefulness of an intervention focused on Social Cognitive Training (SCT), which was designed to equip ex-combatants enrolled in the Social Reintegration Route with EP and social cognition skills...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428766/episodic-specificity-in-acquiring-thematic-knowledge-of-novel-words-from-descriptive-episodes
#3
Meichao Zhang, Shuang Chen, Lin Wang, Xiaohong Yang, Yufang Yang
The current study examined whether thematic relations of the novel words could be acquired via descriptive episodes, and if yes, whether it could be generalized to thematically related words in a different scenario. In Experiment 1, a lexical decision task was used where the novel words served as primes for target words in four conditions: (1) corresponding concepts of the novel words, (2) thematically related words in the same episodes as that in learning condition, (3) thematically related words in different episodes, or (4) unrelated words served as targets...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428765/content-analysis-of-the-construction-of-self-and-others-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#4
Gloria Dada, Sheila Izu, Claudia Montebruno, Antoni Grau, Guillem Feixas
The purpose of this study was to explore the content of personal constructs in people diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (BN). We expected to find differences in the predominant content of the construct systems between women with and without BN. We analyzed the constructs elicited using the repertory grid technique from 120 women aged between 18 to 45 years, divided into two groups: a clinical group of women diagnosed with bulimia (n = 62) and a control group of university students (n = 58). The constructs were categorized using the Classification System for Personal Constructs (CSPC), composed of six themes which are broken down into 45 categories...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428764/employee-age-alters-the-effects-of-justice-on-emotional-exhaustion-and-organizational-deviance
#5
Justin P Brienza, D Ramona Bobocel
Fairness in the workplace attenuates a host of negative individual and organizational outcomes. However, research on the psychology of aging challenges the assumption that fairness operates similarly across different age groups. The current research explored how older workers, vis-à-vis younger workers, react to perceptions of fairness. Integrating socioemotional selectivity theory and the multiple needs theory of organizational justice, we generated novel predictions regarding the relations between perceptions of workplace justice, emotional exhaustion, and employee deviance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#6
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428762/gendered-pathways-how-mathematics-ability-beliefs-shape-secondary-and-postsecondary-course-and-degree-field-choices
#7
REVIEW
Lara Perez-Felkner, Samantha Nix, Kirby Thomas
Do mathematics ability beliefs explain gender gaps in the physical science, engineering, mathematics, and computer science fields (PEMC) and other science fields? We leverage U.S. nationally representative longitudinal data to estimate gendered differences in girls' and boys' perceptions of mathematics ability with the most difficult or challenging material. Our analyses examine the potentially interacting effects of gender and these ability beliefs on students' pathways to scientific careers. Specifically, we study how beliefs about ability with challenging mathematics influence girls' and boys' choices to pursue PEMC degrees, evaluating educational milestones over a 6-year period: advanced science course completion in secondary school and postsecondary major retention and selection...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424651/racial-assumptions-color-the-mental-representation-of-social-class
#8
Ryan F Lei, Galen V Bodenhausen
We investigated the racial content of perceivers' mental images of different socioeconomic categories. We selected participants who were either high or low in prejudice toward the poor. These participants saw 400 pairs of visually noisy face images. Depending on condition, participants chose the face that looked like a poor person, a middle income person, or a rich person. We averaged the faces selected to create composite images of each social class. A second group of participants rated the stereotypical Blackness of these images...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424650/the-role-of-the-left-anterior-temporal-lobe-for-unpredictable-and-complex-mappings-in-word-reading
#9
Marilyne Joyal, Simona M Brambati, Robert J Laforce, Maxime Montembeault, Mariem Boukadi, Isabelle Rouleau, Joël Macoir, Sven Joubert, Shirley Fecteau, Maximiliano A Wilson
The anterior temporal lobes (ATLs) have been consistently associated with semantic processing which, in turn, has a key role in reading aloud single words. This study aimed to investigate (1) the reading abilities in patients with the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), and (2) the relationship between gray matter (GM) volume of the left ATL and word reading performance using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Three groups of participants (svPPA, Alzheimer's Disease, AD and healthy elderly adults) performed a reading task with exception words, regular words and pseudowords, along with a structural magnetic resonance imaging scan...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424649/connections-of-grasping-and-horizontal-hand-movements-with-articulation-in-czech-speakers
#10
Mikko Tiainen, Jiří Lukavský, Kaisa Tiippana, Martti Vainio, Juraj Šimko, Fatima Felisberti, Lari Vainio
We have recently shown in Finnish speakers that articulation of certain vowels and consonants has a systematic influence on simultaneous grasp actions as well as on forward and backward hand movements. Here we studied whether these effects generalize to another language, namely Czech. We reasoned that if the results generalized to another language environment, it would suggest that the effects arise through other processes than language-dependent semantic associations. Rather, the effects would be likely to arise through language-independent interactions between processes that plan articulatory gestures and hand movements...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424648/effects-of-outcome-predictability-on-human-learning
#11
Oren Griffiths, Anna Thorwart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424647/bringing-back-the-balance-domain-general-processes-are-also-important-in-numerical-cognition
#12
Mateusz Hohol, Krzysztof Cipora, Klaus Willmes, Hans-Christoph Nuerk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424646/duration-aftereffect-depends-on-the-duration-of-adaptation
#13
Baolin Li, Lijuan Xiao, Huazhan Yin, Peiduo Liu, Xiting Huang
It has been widely demonstrated that a prolonged adaptation to a relatively long or short stimulus leads to a robust repulsive duration aftereffect. However, little is known about the rapid adaptation to stimulus duration. In this study, we investigated whether the duration aftereffect could also be induced by short-term adaptation to stimuli of both sub- and supra-second durations. To control for the internal reference for duration judgment, participants were adapted to a stimulus of medium duration, and then tested with both longer and shorter stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424645/cerebellar-tdcs-does-not-enhance-performance-in-an-implicit-categorization-learning-task
#14
Marie C Verhage, Eric O Avila, Maarten A Frens, Opher Donchin, Jos N van der Geest
Background: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a form of non-invasive electrical stimulation that changes neuronal excitability in a polarity and site-specific manner. In cognitive tasks related to prefrontal and cerebellar learning, cortical tDCS arguably facilitates learning, but the few studies investigating cerebellar tDCS, however, are inconsistent. Objective: We investigate the effect of cerebellar tDCS on performance of an implicit categorization learning task. Methods: Forty participants performed a computerized version of an implicit categorization learning task where squares had to be sorted into two categories, according to an unknown but fixed rule that integrated both the size and luminance of the square...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424644/the-association-between-parenting-behavior-and-executive-functioning-in-children-and-young-adolescents
#15
Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Julia Kröner, Sibylle Schneider, Nenad Vasic, Manfred Spitzer, Judith Streb
Executive functioning (EF) is associated with various aspects of school achievement and cognitive development in children and adolescents. There has been substantial research investigating associations between EF and other factors in young children, such as support processes and parenting, but less research has been conducted about external factors relating to EF in older children and adolescents. Therefore, the present study investigates one possible factor that could correlate with EF in school-age children and adolescents: parenting behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424643/oral-storytelling-as-evidence-of-pedagogy-in-forager-societies
#16
Michelle Scalise Sugiyama
Teaching is reportedly rare in hunter-gatherer societies, raising the question of whether it is a species-typical trait in humans. A problem with past studies is that they tend to conceptualize teaching in terms of Western pedagogical practices. In contrast, this study proceeds from the premise that teaching requires the ostensive manifestation of generalizable knowledge: the teacher must signal intent to share information, indicate the intended recipient, and transmit knowledge that is applicable beyond the present context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424642/response-commentary-incubation-and-intuition-in-creative-problem-solving
#17
COMMENT
Kenneth J Gilhooly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424641/are-individuals-luck-egalitarians-an-experiment-on-the-influence-of-brute-and-option-luck-on-social-preferences
#18
Gustav Tinghög, David Andersson, Daniel Västfjäll
According to luck egalitarianism, inequalities should be deemed fair as long as they follow from individuals' deliberate and fully informed choices (i.e., option luck) while inequalities should be deemed unfair if they follow from choices over which the individual has no control (i.e., brute luck). This study investigates if individuals' fairness preferences correspond with the luck egalitarian fairness position. More specifically, in a laboratory experiment we test how individuals choose to redistribute gains and losses that stem from option luck compared to brute luck...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424640/redefining-critical-thinking-teaching-students-to-think-like-scientists
#19
Rodney M Schmaltz, Erik Jansen, Nicole Wenckowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424639/inconsistent-effect-of-arousal-on-early-auditory-perception
#20
Anna C Bolders, Guido P H Band, Pieter Jan M Stallen
Mood has been shown to influence cognitive performance. However, little is known about the influence of mood on sensory processing, specifically in the auditory domain. With the current study, we sought to investigate how auditory processing of neutral sounds is affected by the mood state of the listener. This was tested in two experiments by measuring masked-auditory detection thresholds before and after a standard mood-induction procedure. In the first experiment (N = 76), mood was induced by imagining a mood-appropriate event combined with listening to mood inducing music...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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