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Frontiers in Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529494/sensation-seeking-and-online-gaming-addiction-in-adolescents-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-positive-affective-associations-and-impulsivity
#1
Jianping Hu, Shuangju Zhen, Chengfu Yu, Qiuyan Zhang, Wei Zhang
Based on the Dual Systems Model (Somerville et al., 2010; Steinberg, 2010a) and the biosocial-affect model (Romer and Hennessy, 2007) of adolescent sensation seeking and problem behaviors, the present study examined how (affective associations with online games as a mediator) and when (impulsivity as a moderator) did sensation seeking influence online gaming addiction in adolescence. A total of 375 Chinese male adolescents (mean age = 16.02 years, SD = 0.85) from southern China completed anonymous questionnaires regarding sensation seeking, positive affective associations with online games, impulsivity, and online gaming addiction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529493/improving-learning-outcomes-the-ipad-and-preschool-children-with-disabilities
#2
Linda Chmiliar
The digital age has reached early childhood, and the use of touch screens by young children is common place. Research on the use of touch screen tablets with young children is becoming more prevalent; however, less information is available on the use of touch screen tablets to support young children with disabilities. Touch screen tablets may offer possibilities to preschool children with disabilities to participate in learning in a digital way. The iPad provides easy interaction on the touch screen and access to a multitude of engaging early learning applications...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529492/depression-in-men-and-women-one-year-following-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-a-tbi-model-systems-study
#3
Sarah Lavoie, Samantha Sechrist, Nhung Quach, Reza Ehsanian, Thao Duong, Ian H Gotlib, Linda Isaac
In the general population, females experience depression at significantly higher rates than males. Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at substantially greater risk for depression compared to the overall population. Treatment of, and recovery from, TBI can be hindered by depression; comorbid TBI and depression can lead to adverse outcomes and negatively affect multiple aspects of individuals' lives. Gender differences in depression following TBI are not well understood, and relevant empirical findings have been mixed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529491/decision-making-processes-in-the-workplace-how-exhaustion-lack-of-resources-and-job-demands-impair-them-and-affect-performance
#4
Andrea Ceschi, Evangelia Demerouti, Riccardo Sartori, Joshua Weller
The present study aims to connect more the I/O and the decision-making psychological domains, by showing how some common components across jobs interfere with decision-making and affecting performance. Two distinct constructs that can contribute to positive workplace performance have been considered: decision-making competency (DMCy) and decision environment management (DEM). Both factors are presumed to involve self-regulatory mechanisms connected to decision processes by influencing performance in relation to work environment conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522985/dynamic-and-functional-approach-to-human-memory-in-the-brain-a-clinical-neuropsychological-perspective
#5
Yannick Gounden, Mathieu Hainselin, Fabien Cerrotti, Véronique Quaglino
The way how cognition is conceived and represented in brain functioning will directly impact clinical investigations of people with cognitive difficulties. This is particularly evident in the field of clinical neuropsychology where methodologies and tools are justified on a fundamental level by the theoretical foundations adopted. The present article outlined how the dominant influences of structural and anatomo-clinical theories of memory have led to a particular conception of clinical investigations. We propose to reconsider these dominant methods in favor of a more dynamic and functional representation of memory that would be clinically more appropriate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522984/applicability-of-the-compensatory-encoding-model-in-foreign-language-reading-an-investigation-with-chinese-college-english-language-learners
#6
Feifei Han
While some first language (L1) reading models suggest that inefficient word recognition and small working memory tend to inhibit higher-level comprehension processes; the Compensatory Encoding Model maintains that slow word recognition and small working memory do not normally hinder reading comprehension, as readers are able to operate metacognitive strategies to compensate for inefficient word recognition and working memory limitation as long as readers process a reading task without time constraint. Although empirical evidence is accumulated for support of the Compensatory Encoding Model in L1 reading, there is lack of research for testing of the Compensatory Encoding Model in foreign language (FL) reading...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522983/a-dynamical-model-of-pitch-memory-provides-an-improved-basis-for-implied-harmony-estimation
#7
Ji Chul Kim
Tonal melody can imply vertical harmony through a sequence of tones. Current methods for automatic chord estimation commonly use chroma-based features extracted from audio signals. However, the implied harmony of unaccompanied melodies can be difficult to estimate on the basis of chroma content in the presence of frequent nonchord tones. Here we present a novel approach to automatic chord estimation based on the human perception of pitch sequences. We use cohesion and inhibition between pitches in auditory short-term memory to differentiate chord tones and nonchord tones in tonal melodies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522982/differences-in-verbal-and-visuospatial-forward-and-backward-order-recall-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Enrica Donolato, David Giofrè, Irene C Mammarella
How sequential, verbal and visuospatial stimuli are encoded and stored in memory is not clear in cognitive psychology. Studies with order recall tasks, such as the digit, and Corsi span, indicate that order of presentation is a crucial element for verbal memory, but not for visuospatial memory. This seems to be due to the different effects of forward and backward recall in verbal and visuospatial tasks. In verbal span tasks, performance is worse when recalling things in backward sequence rather than the original forward sequence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522981/perception-of-leitmotives-in-richard-wagner-s-der-ring-des-nibelungen
#9
David J Baker, Daniel Müllensiefen
The music of Richard Wagner tends to generate very diverse judgments indicative of the complex relationship between listeners and the sophisticated musical structures in Wagner's music. This paper presents findings from two listening experiments using the music from Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen that explores musical as well as individual listener parameters to better understand how listeners are able to hear leitmotives, a compositional device closely associated with Wagner's music. Results confirm findings from a previous experiment showing that specific expertise with Wagner's music can account for a greater portion of the variance in an individual's ability to recognize and remember musical material compared to measures of generic musical training...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522980/acculturation-and-school-adjustment-of-immigrant-youth-in-six-european-countries-findings-from-the-programme-for-international-student-assessment-pisa
#10
Maja K Schachner, Jia He, Boris Heizmann, Fons J R Van de Vijver
School adjustment determines long-term adjustment in society. Yet, immigrant youth do better in some countries than in others. Drawing on acculturation research (Berry, 1997; Ward, 2001) and self-determination theory (Ryan and Deci, 2000), we investigated indirect effects of adolescent immigrants' acculturation orientations on school adjustment (school-related attitudes, truancy, and mathematics achievement) through school belonging. Analyses were based on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment from six European countries, which were combined into three clusters based on their migrant integration and multicultural policies: Those with the most supportive policies (Belgium and Finland), those with moderately supportive policies (Italy and Portugal), and those with the most unsupportive policies (Denmark and Slovenia)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522979/spontaneous-facial-actions-map-onto-emotional-experiences-in-a-non-social-context-toward-a-component-based-approach
#11
Shushi Namba, Russell S Kabir, Makoto Miyatani, Takashi Nakao
While numerous studies have examined the relationships between facial actions and emotions, they have yet to account for the ways that specific spontaneous facial expressions map onto emotional experiences induced without expressive intent. Moreover, previous studies emphasized that a fine-grained investigation of facial components could establish the coherence of facial actions with actual internal states. Therefore, this study aimed to accumulate evidence for the correspondence between spontaneous facial components and emotional experiences...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#12
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515705/control-and-effort-costs-influence-the-motivational-consequences-of-choice
#13
Holly Sullivan-Toole, John A Richey, Elizabeth Tricomi
The act of making a choice, apart from any outcomes the choice may yield, has, paradoxically, been linked to both the enhancement and the detriment of intrinsic motivation. Research has implicated two factors in potentially mediating these contradictory effects: the personal control conferred by a choice and the costs associated with a choice. Across four experiments, utilizing a physical effort task disguised as a simple video game, we systematically varied costs across two levels of physical effort requirements (Low-Requirement, High-Requirement) and control over effort costs across three levels of choice (Free-Choice, Restricted-Choice, and No-Choice) to disambiguate how these factors affect the motivational consequences of choosing within an effortful task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515704/two-trackers-are-better-than-one-information-about-the-co-actor-s-actions-and-performance-scores-contribute-to-the-collective-benefit-in-a-joint-visuospatial-task
#14
Basil Wahn, Alan Kingstone, Peter König
When humans collaborate, they often distribute task demands in order to reach a higher performance compared to performing the same task alone (i.e., a collective benefit). Here, we tested to what extent receiving information about the actions of a co-actor, performance scores, or receiving both types of information impacts the collective benefit in a collaborative multiple object tracking task. In a between-subject design, pairs of individuals jointly tracked a subset of target objects among several moving distractor objects on a computer screen for a 100 trials...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515703/managing-contextual-complexity-in-an-experiential-learning-course-a-dynamic-systems-approach-through-the-identification-of-turning-points-in-students-emotional-trajectories
#15
Gloria Nogueiras, E Saskia Kunnen, Alejandro Iborra
This study adopts a dynamic systems approach to investigate how individuals successfully manage contextual complexity. To that end, we tracked individuals' emotional trajectories during a challenging training course, seeking qualitative changes-turning points-and we tested their relationship with the perceived complexity of the training. The research context was a 5-day higher education course based on process-oriented experiential learning, and the sample consisted of 17 students. The students used a five-point Likert scale to rate the intensity of 16 emotions and the complexity of the training on 8 measurement points...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515702/on-the-tacit-aspects-of-science-pedagogy-in-higher-education
#16
Ramakrishnan Sitaraman
In this article, we examine the concept of tacit knowledge and its implications for science education. We suggest that the history of scientific ideas and the personal nature of learning imply that higher education in scientific fields, wherein the generation of new knowledge, insights and understanding is paramount, would greatly benefit by acknowledging the irreducible role of the non-formal and the incidental in scientific innovation and advances.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515701/commentary-from-sense-of-number-to-sense-of-magnitude-the-role-of-continuous-magnitudes-in-numerical-cognition
#17
COMMENT
Luca Rinaldi, Luisa Girelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515700/the-measurement-of-aesthetic-emotion-in-music
#18
Leon Crickmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512442/posterior-anterior-brain-maturation-reflected-in-perceptual-motor-and-cognitive-performance
#19
Patrícia Gerván, Péter Soltész, Orsolya Filep, Andrea Berencsi, Ilona Kovács
Based on several postmortem morphometric and in vivo imaging studies it has been postulated that brain maturation roughly follows a caudal to rostral direction. In this study, we linked this maturational pattern to psychological function employing a series of well-established behavioral tasks. We addressed three distinct functions and brain regions with a perceptual (contour integration, CI), motor (finger tapping, FT), and executive control (Navon global-local) task. Our purpose was to investigate basic visual integration functions relying on primary visual cortex (V1) in CI; motor coordination function related to primary motor cortex (M1) in FT, and the executive control component, switching, related to the dorsolateral prefrontal region of the brain in the Navon task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#20
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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