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Frontiers in Psychology

Qingqing Sun
The present study aimed to examine the mechanisms underlying the links between materialism and body dissatisfaction. A sample of 583 Chinese undergraduate women completed a questionnaire measuring materialism, body surveillance, body shame, and body dissatisfaction. Correlational analysis showed that materialism, body surveillance, and body shame were significantly positively correlated with body dissatisfaction. The results of path analyses revealed that higher materialism predicted more body dissatisfaction, albeit indirectly, via higher body surveillance and body shame...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Yiftach Ron
Numerous studies point to the acute distress associated with experiencing severe mental illness and psychiatric hospitalization. Another strand of research describes how the unique features of psychodrama group therapy are useful in fostering spontaneity and creativity, and their benefits in treating particularly difficult populations where traditional psychotherapy is limited. This paper provides a framework for understanding the potential of psychodrama group therapy to alleviate the experience of loneliness and distress in psychiatric inpatients...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Tara L McIsaac, Nora E Fritz, Lori Quinn, Lisa M Muratori
This paper provides a narrative review of cognitive motor interference in neurodegeneration, including brain imaging findings specific to interference effects in neurodegenerative disease, and dual task assessment and intervention in Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and Huntington's disease (HD). In a healthy central nervous system the ability to process information is limited. Limitations in capacity to select and attend to inputs influence the ability to prepare and perform multiple tasks...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Moritz Lazar, Markus Butz, Thomas J Baumgarten, Nur-Deniz Füllenbach, Markus S Jördens, Dieter Häussinger, Alfons Schnitzler, Joachim Lange
The sensory system constantly receives stimuli from the external world. To discriminate two stimuli correctly as two temporally distinct events, the temporal distance or stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) between the two stimuli has to exceed a specific threshold. If the SOA between two stimuli is shorter than this specific threshold, the two stimuli will be perceptually fused and perceived as one single stimulus. Patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE) are known to show manifold perceptual impairments, including slowed visual temporal discrimination abilities as measured by the critical flicker frequency (CFF)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Tytti Pasanen, Katherine Johnson, Kate Lee, Kalevi Korpela
The evidence for restorative effects of contact with nature is vast. Drawing from two well-known theories in Environmental Psychology, Stress reduction theory and Attention restoration theory, restoration can be seen as a sequential, interactive process that begins with physiological relaxation and results in affective and attention restoration and broader life reflection. This interaction between a person and their environment may be facilitated by actively engaging with the environment but this has been understudied...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jolien Cremers, Irene Klugkist
Circular data is data that is measured on a circle in degrees or radians. It is fundamentally different from linear data due to its periodic nature (0° = 360°). Circular data arises in a large variety of research fields. Among others in ecology, the medical sciences, personality measurement, educational science, sociology, and political science circular data is collected. The most direct examples of circular data within the social sciences arise in cognitive and experimental psychology. However, despite numerous examples of circular data being collected in different areas of cognitive and experimental psychology, the knowledge of this type of data is not well-spread and literature in which these types of data are analyzed using methods for circular data is relatively scarce...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Elżbieta Zdankiewicz-Ścigała, Dawid Konrad Ścigała
Background: Attachment theory is a widely used framework for understanding emotion regulation as well as alexithymia, and dissociation and this perspective has also been applied to understand alcohol use disorders. Apart from these theoretical suggestions, there has been scarce empirical research on this subject-matter. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate potential associations between attachment style in adulthood, alexithymia, and dissociation in alcohol use disorder inpatients...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jonathan D Connor, Damian Farrow, Ian Renshaw
The aim of this study was to explore the emergence of skilled behaviors, in the form of actions, cognitions and emotions, between professional state level cricket batters and their lesser skilled counterparts. Twenty-two male cricket batsmen ( n = 6 state level; n = 8 amateur grade club level, n = 8 junior state representative level) participated in a game scenario training session against right arm pace bowlers ( n = 6 amateur senior club). The batsmen were tasked with scoring as many runs as possible during a simulated limited-overs game...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Steffi Pohl, Matthias von Davier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Kamil K Imbir, Gabriela Jurkiewicz, Joanna Duda-Goławska, Maciej Pastwa, Jarosław Żygierewicz
Recent behavioral studies revealed an interesting phenomenon concerning the influence of affect on the interpretation of ambiguous stimuli. In a paradigm, where the participants' task was to read a word, remember its meaning for a while, and then choose one of two pictorial-alphabet-like graphical signs best representing the word sense, we observed that the decisions involving trials with reflective-originated verbal stimuli were performed significantly longer than decisions concerning other stimuli (i.e., automatic-originated)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Yang Dong, Jieyi Hu, Xiaoying Wu, Haoyuan Zheng, Xu Peng
The nature of the effect of learning environments' language setting on second language receptive vocabulary acquisition in both adolescent receptive vocabulary acquisition and reading comprehension performance was explored in a continuous 10-month longitudinal study. The current study divided 170 adolescents into four groups. Their reading comprehension ability and receptive vocabulary size were each measured in two different periods. The results showed that single Chinese instructional learning and single English instructional learning contributed more to students' receptive vocabulary size than bilingual instructional language materials...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Heather Bruett, Xiaoping Fang, Deepan C Kamaraj, Elizabeth Haley, Marc N Coutanche
Individuals with expertise in a domain of knowledge demonstrate superior learning for information in their area of expertise, relative to non-experts. In this study, we investigated whether expertise benefits extend to learning associations between words and images that are encountered incidentally. Sport-knowledge-experts and non-sports-experts encountered previously unknown faces through a basic perceptual task. The faces were incidentally presented as candidates for a position in a sports team (a focus of knowledge for only the sports-experts) or for a job in a business (a focus of knowledge for both the sports-experts and non-sports-experts)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Heather Tallis, Gregory N Bratman, Jameal F Samhouri, Joseph Fargione
Unprecedented rates of urbanization are changing our understanding of the ways in which children build connections to the natural world, including the importance of educational settings in affecting this relationship. In addition to influencing human-nature connection, greenspace around school grounds has been associated with benefits to students' cognitive function. Questions remain regarding the size of this benefit relative to other factors, and which features of greenspace are responsible for these effects...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Annina E Zysset, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Andrea H Meyer, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Jardena J Puder, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Oskar G Jenni
Executive functions (EFs) have been reported to play a crucial role in children's development, affecting their academic achievement, health, and quality of life. This study examined individual and interpersonal predictors for EFs in 555 typically developing preschool children aged 2-6 years. Children were recruited from 84 child care centers in the German- and French-speaking parts of Switzerland within the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY). A total of 20 potential predictors were assessed at the first measurement (T1)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Scott Bannister, Tuomas Eerola
Research on musical chills has linked the response to multiple musical features; however, there exists no study that has attempted to manipulate musical stimuli to enable causal inferences, meaning current understanding is based mainly on correlational evidence. In the current study, participants who regularly experience chills ( N = 24) listened to an original and manipulated version of three pieces reported to elicit chills in a previous survey. Predefined chills sections were removed to create manipulated conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Robin C Jackson, Hayley Barton, Kelly J Ashford, Bruce Abernethy
The ability to differentiate genuine and deceptive actions was examined using a combination of spatial and temporal occlusion to examine sensitivity to lower body, upper body, and full body sources of visual information. High-skilled and low-skilled association football players judged whether a player genuinely intended to take the ball to the participant's left or right or intended to step over the ball then take it in the other direction. Signal detection analysis was used to calculate measures of sensitivity ( d' ) in differentiating genuine and deceptive actions and bias ( c ) toward judging an action to be genuine or deceptive...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Leonardo de Sousa Fortes, Manoel da Cunha Costa, Raphael José Perrier-Melo, Jorge Luís Brito-Gomes, José Roberto Andrade Nascimento-Júnior, Dalton Roberto Alves Araújo de Lima-Júnior, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino
Purpose: The aim of the study is to compare the effect of resistance training volume on inhibitory control in young adults with previous experience in resistance training. Method: All the 27 participants underwent 40-week experiment, divided in three training phases of 8-week duration. A washout period of 8 weeks between each of the training phases was carried out. The participants performed 1, 3, or 5 sets of the same exercises with equalized intensity (loading zones) and rest. Inhibitory control was assessed by the Stroop Test...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Nadya Gharaei, Karen Phalet, Fenella Fleischmann
Prevailing definitions of national identities in Europe equate belonging to the nation with "fitting in" culturally and leave immigrant minorities who are culturally different from the majority group struggling to belong. The present study focuses on an under-researched minority perspective on the intersubjective cultural contents of the national identity. We propose that minorities' national belonging is contingent on their perception that minority peers who deviate from the majority culture are accepted as real nationals...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Fengqiang Gao, Zongxin Guo, Yu Tian, Yingdong Si, Peng Wang
The present study aimed to explore the mediating effects of loneliness, depression, and self-esteem on the association between shyness and generalized pathological Internet use (GPIU). A total of 5215 school students completed questionnaires regarding shyness, loneliness, depression, self-esteem, and GPIU (aged 11-23 years old, M = 16.19, SD = 3.10). The self-reported scores for GPIU, shyness, loneliness, depression, and self-esteem were tested in students from elementary schools to universities. The results of a variance analysis indicated that senior high school students had the greatest prevalence of GPIU of all the study stages...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Philip S Cho, Nicolas Escoffier, Yinan Mao, April Ching, Christopher Green, Jonathan Jong, Harvey Whitehouse
We present the first neurophysiological signatures showing distinctive effects of group social context and emotional arousal on cultural perceptions, such as the efficacy of religious rituals. Using a novel protocol, EEG data were simultaneously recorded from ethnic Chinese religious believers in group and individual settings as they rated the perceived efficacy of low, medium, and high arousal spirit-medium rituals presented as video clips. Neural oscillatory patterns were then analyzed for these perceptual judgements, categorized as low, medium, and high efficacy...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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