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Translational Neuroscience

Xiangen Meng, Na Li, Yu Zhang, Danfeng Fan, Chen Yang, Hang Li, Dazhi Guo, Shuyi Pan
Background: Present study evaluates the neuroprotective effect of β-elemene alone and in combination with hyperbaric oxygen (HO) in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methodology: TBI was induced by dropping a weight from a specific height. All the animals were separated in to five groups (n=20) like control group; TBI group; β-elemene treated group which receives β-elemene (100 mg/kg, i.p.) half an hour after the injury; HO group which receives hyperbaric oxygen therapy and β-elemene + HO group which receives β-elemene (100 mg/kg, i...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Duo Chen, Zhao-Bo Nie, Zhi-Hong Chi, Zhan-You Wang, Xiang-Tai Wei, Jun-Hong Guan
Background: The pathophysiology of early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly understood. The present study evaluates the influence of zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3) knockout and the depletion of vesicular zinc on EBI. Methodology: SAH was induced in ZnT3 KO mice by internal carotid artery perforation. The changes in behavior were recorded at 24 hours after SAH. Hematoxylin-eosin, Nissl and TUNEL staining were performed to evaluate neuronal apoptosis...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Francesca Siu-Paredes, Nathalie Rude, Corinne Rat, Matthieu Reynaud, Mohamad Hamad, Sahar Moussa-Badran, Frederic Denis
Background: The aim of this work was to present the creation of appropriate tools to evaluate the coping strategies in Oral-Health-related Quality of Life (OHrQOL) implemented by persons with schizophrenia (PWS), the Schizophrenia Coping Oral Health Profile (SCOOHP), and the results of a feasibility study. Methods: A qualitative investigation was conducted between June 2016 and May 2017.The first step included 26 semi-structured individual interviews, 20 with PWS and 6 with health professionals (HPs), and 2 focus groups (PWS and HPs) to explore the experiences of the participants and how they felt about coping strategies in OHrQOL...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Ali K Bourisly, Ali Shuaib
We conducted an event-related potential (ERP) study using a 256-channel dense sensor array electroencephalography (EEG) system to examine how, and if the P200 neurophysiological signal is sexually dimorphic. We had two groups of participants: females (n= 15, mean age = 40.6 years old) and males (n = 15, mean age = 39.0 years old). ERPs from all participants were recorded while the participants performed an oddball task. Results showed that males on average had a significantly larger P200 peak amplitude and a significantly shorter P200 latency period...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Ali Shuaib, Ali K Bourisly
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) causes interruption along the severed axonal tract(s) resulting in complete or partial loss of sensation and motor function. SCI can cause tetraplegia or paraplegia. Both these conditions can have lifelong excessive medical costs, as well as can reduce life expectancy. Preclinical research showed that Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT), also known as Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT), possesses reparative and regenerative capabilities that have the potential to be used as a complimentary or supplementary SCI therapy...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Ali K Bourisly, Ali Shuaib
Age-related effects were studied in 14 younger (M = 34 years) and 14 (M = 47 years) older healthy participants. Event-related potential (ERP) recording was done using a 256-channel EEG system. Results indicated that ERP is affected by advanced age. There was a significant difference in P200 mean latency between the younger participants and older participants for the target (low-probability) stimuli, but no such significance was evident for the P200 mean latency during the presentation of the standard (high-probability) stimuli...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Gennadiy Fonar, Baruh Polis, Tomer Meirson, Alexander Maltsev, Evan Elliott, Abraham O Samson
Arginine is one of the most versatile semi-essential amino acids. Further to the primary role in protein biosynthesis, arginine is involved in the urea cycle, and it is a precursor of nitric oxide. Arginine deficiency is associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's, Huntington's and Alzheimer's diseases (AD). In this study, we administer arginine intracerebroventricularly in a murine model of AD and evaluate cognitive functions in a set of behavioral tests. In addition, the effect of arginine on synaptic plasticity was tested electrophysiologically by assessment of the hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP)...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Peiyu Li, Cheng Jiwu
Background: This study evaluates the effect of butin against brain edema in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methodology: ICH was induced by injecting bacterial collagenase in the brain and all the animals were separated into four groups such as control group, ICH group treated with vehicle, Butin 25 and 50 mg/kg group receives butin (25 and 50 mg/kg, i.p.)60 min after the induction of ICH in all animals. One day after neurological score, hemorrhagic injury and expressions of protein responsible for apoptosis and inflammatory cytokines were assessed in the brain tissue of ICH rats...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Sung Ho Jang, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
Although there are a few studies of portions of the vestibular system such as the vestibulocerebellar tract and the neural connectivity of the vestibular nuclei (VN), no study of the ipsilateral vestibulothalamic tract (VTT) (originating from the VN and mainly connecting to the lateral thalami nuclei) has been reported. In the current study, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), we investigate the reconstruction method and characteristics of the ipsilateral VTT in normal subjects. Thirty-three subjects were recruited for this study...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Fang Yang, Izabela G Barbosa, Erica L Vieira, Moises E Bauer, Natalia P Rocha, Antonio L Teixeira
Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mood disorder associated with cardiovascular and metabolic diseases and premature aging. Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) has emerged as a biomarker for cardiovascular risk and aging. Our aim was to compare plasma levels of GDF-15 between BD patients and controls, and to evaluate whether they were associated with clinical parameters. Methods: Forty-six patients with type I BD (23 in euthymia and 23 in mania) and 33 healthy controls were recruited for this study...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Zhang Huihong, Wang Pan, Zhang Chunfeng, Wang Yan, Zhang Hui, Cai Li, Zhou Yuying
Objectives: Cognition and speech disorders are the most common symptoms of dementia in neurodegenerative disease. Here, we present a detailed clinical evaluation of a case of logopenic variant of primary progressive aphasia (lv-PPA), an atypical form of Alzheimer disease (AD), including cognitive testing over time, brain imaging, electrophysiology, and tests of olfactory function. Case report: We present the case of a 58-year-old man suffering from progressive language difficulties who was finally diagnosed with lv-PPA...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Joanne P M Kenney, Genevieve McPhilemy, Cathy Scanlon, Pablo Najt, Shane McInerney, Sophia Arndt, Elisabeth Scherz, Fintan Byrne, Alexander Leemans, Ben Jeurissen, Brian Hallahan, Colm McDonald, Dara M Cannon
Background: Verbal learning (VL) and fluency (VF) are prominent cognitive deficits in psychosis, of which the precise neuroanatomical contributions are not fully understood. We investigated the arcuate fasciculus (AF) and its associated cortical regions to identify structural abnormalities contributing to these verbal impairments in early stages of psychotic illness. Methods: Twenty-six individuals with recent-onset psychosis and 27 healthy controls underwent cognitive testing (MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery) and structural/diffusion-weighted MRI...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Nora Vanessa de Camp, Florian Hense, Bernd Lecher, Helmut Scheu, Jürgen Bergeler
The objective of this study was to evaluate the piglet and the mouse as model systems for preterm cortical development. According to the clinical context, we used non invasive EEG recordings. As a prerequisite, we developed miniaturized Ag/AgCl electrodes for full band EEG recordings in mice and verified that Urethane had no effect on EEG band power. Since mice are born with a "preterm" brain, we evaluated three age groups: P0/P1, P3/P4 and P13/P14. Our aim was to identify EEG patterns in the somatosensory cortex which are distinguishable between developmental stages and represent a physiologic brain development...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Zbigniew Kotwica, Agnieszka Saracen, Piotr Kasprzak
Background: Pineal area tumors are challenging for surgery due to their location. However, the removal of the lesion is critical for further treatment and survival of the patients. Material and methods: 22 patients with pineal area tumors were surgically treated via keyhole medial suboccipital craniotomy and supracerebellar midline approach All the patients were operated in the sitting position with the use of operating microscope and microsurgical technique. Results: All patients survived surgery in a perfect condition, and no one patient worsened after surgery...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Hasiyeti Yibulaiyin, Haixia Sun, Yue Yang
Objective: The pathogenesis of depression is not fully understood, but studies have suggested that higher circulating levels of C reactive protein (CRP) might relate to depression occurrence. However, due to the highly variability of individual patients' conditions, the results to date are inconsistent. Considering Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CRP gene have also been suggested to predict plasma CRP levels. In the present study, we hypothesize that inherited CRP allelic variations may co-vary with depressive symptomatology...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Zhang Zigu, Wang Xiaoyu, Nian Weiwei, Liao Qiuxia, Zhang Rui, Ouyang Wei
Objective: This study investigated the effects of calcium on fluorosis-induced impairment in learning and memory of offspring rats. Methods Seventy-five newly weaned female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups as follows: Control group (Control) drank tap water, and ate the normal diet (calcium content of 0.79%); fluoride group (F) drank 100 mg/L NaF solution, and ate the normal diet; low calcium group (LCa) drank tap water, and ate the low calcium diet (calcium content of 0...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Atae Akhrif, Maximilian J Geiger, Marcel Romanos, Katharina Domschke, Susanne Neufang
Translational studies comparing imaging data of animals and humans have gained increasing scientific interests. With this upcoming translational approach, however, identifying harmonized statistical analysis as well as shared data acquisition protocols and/or combined statistical approaches is necessary. Following this idea, we applied Bayesian Adaptive Regression Splines (BARS), which have until now mainly been used to model neural responses of electrophysiological recordings from rodent data, on human hemodynamic responses as measured via fMRI...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Zikang Guo, Jiang Li
The present investigation evaluates the neuroprotective effect of chlorogenic acid (CA) in alcohol-induced brain damage in neonatal rats. Ethanol (12 % v/v, 5 g/kg) was administered orally in the wistar rat pups on postnatal days (PD) 7-9. Chlorogenic acid (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered continuously from PD 6 to 28. Cognitive function was estimated by Morris water maze (MWM) test. However, activity of acetylcholinesterase, inflammatory mediators, parameters of oxidative stress and activity of caspase-3 enzyme was estimated in the tissue homogenate of cerebral cortex and hippocampus of ethanol-exposed pups...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Alexandra Kirschner, Danko Nikolić
Synesthesia is commonly thought to be a phenomenon of fixed associations between an outside inducer and a vivid concurrent experience. Hence, it has been proposed that synesthesia occurs due to additional connections in the brain with which synesthetes are born. Here we show that synesthesia can be a much richer and more flexible phenomenon with a capability to creatively construct novel synesthetic experiences as events unfold in people's lives. We describe here cases of synesthetes who occasionally generate novel synesthetic experience, called one-shot synesthesias...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
Nathalie Gouleme, Isabelle Scheid, Hugo Peyre, Magali Seassau, Anna Maruani, Julia Clarke, Richard Delorme, Maria Pia Bucci
Autism Spectrum Disorders subjects (ASD) are well known to have deficits in social interaction. We recorded simultaneously eye movements and postural sway during exploration of emotional faces in children with ASD and typically developing children (TD). We analyzed several postural and ocular parameters. The results showed that all postural parameters were significantly greater in children with ASD; ASD made significantly fewer saccades and had shorter fixation time than TD, particularly in the eyes, and especially for unpleasant emotions...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
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