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Translational Neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104802/a-rasch-analysis-between-schizophrenic-patients-and-the-general-population
#1
Frederic Denis, Pablo Bizien, Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Mohamad Hamad, Benoit Trojak, Nathalie Rude, Jean-Benoit Hardouin
Background: The aim of this study was to test the General Oral Health Assessment Index Questionnaire (GOHAI) items for differential item functioning (DIF) according to demographic characteristics (gender, age) and mental health status (schizophrenic disorders versus general population) using Rasch analysis. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using aggregated baseline data from a validation study of the GOHAI in the French general population (GP) and similar validation study in persons with schizophrenia (PWS)...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104801/childhood-adversities-are-not-a-predictors-of-sstr4met-in-alcoholics
#2
Dominika Berent, Michał Pogórski, Dominika Kulczycka-Wojdala, Ewa Kusideł, Marian Macander, Zofia Pawłowska
Background: Genome methylation may modulate synaptic plasticity, being a potential background for mental disorder. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), known to be frequently reported by patients with alcohol dependence (AD), have been proposed as one of environmental inequities influencing DNA methylation. The study is aiming 1.To assess a promoter region methylation in gene for somatostatin receptor subtype-4 (SSTR4), a receptor for somatostatin, a neurotransmitter engaged in neuroplasticity and memory formation, in patients with AD; 2...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104800/caffeoylquinic-acid-enhances-proliferation-of-oligodendrocyte-precursor-cells
#3
Ying Yanqin, Chen Shaohua, Tang Jing, Li Nan
This report evaluates the protective effect of caffeoylquinic acid (CA) injury to oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) by promoting the formation of oligodendrocytes. Neonatal rat brain was used to isolate primary OPCs and non-lethal CoCl2 was used to induce hypoxic stress to inhibit the differentiation of OPCs. Differentiation of OPCs was estimated by survival assay and the expressions of myelin-basic-protein (MBP). Moreover, the effect of CA on the Akt signanling pathway was also estimated in the presence and absence of LY294002 (PI3K/Akt inhibitor) and adrenomedullin (AM) receptor antagonist (AM22-52) by using western blot assay...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071135/grifolin-attenuates-white-matter-lesion-in-oxygen-glucose-deprivation
#4
Ying Yanqin, Tang Jing, Chen Wei, Li Nan
The present study evaluates the effect of grifolin (GFL) in oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD) induced white matter lesion. Injury induced with OGD was found to be significant at the 9th h of OGD induction and the effect of GFL on the proliferation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) was assessed by CCK-8 and Hoechst 33258 assay at GFL 1, 5, 25, 50 and 100 μm concentrations. Whereas immunocytochemistry was performed for the assessment of survival and apoptosis of OPCs, western blot assay and RT-PCR were performed after 8th day of OGD injury for the estimation of expressions of myelin basic protein (MBP) and inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2) in OPCs respectively...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071134/solitaire-stent-in-the-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-with-large-cerebral-artery-occlusion
#5
Wenbao Liang, Zhijie Ou, Rui Luo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mechanical thrombectomy with solitaire stent in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with large cerebral artery occlusion. METHODS: Fifteen acute ischemic stroke patients with a proximal intracranial occlusion in the anterior circulation were included within 6 hours after symptom onset (unknown time of onset allowed in wake upstroke). Patients with a large infarct core or poor collateral circulation on computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography were excluded...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924492/the-essentials-of-a-global-index-for-cognitive-function
#6
Joseph Mathew Antony, Ian Weaver, Matthew Rueffer, Najla Guthrie, Malkanthi Evans
Cognition is comprised of the faculties: perception, creativity, intuition, and ratiocination. Optimal levels of cognition are needed for independent functioning and balanced living. With an aging population that continues to grow, dietary supplements that tilt the balance towards maintenance of cognition are being marketed for vulnerable populations facing these challenges. Randomized clinical trials provide the causal inference necessary to define the efficacy of emerging nutraceuticals. Cognition testing, in particular, requires a battery of tests that encompass all brain regions involved in cognition so as to provide endpoints necessary for product validation...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924491/sstr4-childhood-adversity-self-efficacy-and-suicide-risk-in-alcoholics
#7
Dominika Berent, Gerard Emilien, Michał Podgórski, Ewa Kusideł, Dominika Kulczycka-Wojdala, Bożena Szymańska, Marian Macander, Zofia Pawłowska
BACKGROUND: Patients with alcohol dependence (AD) are known to develop poor social skills, to report a higher number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and to attempt suicide more frequently than the general population. The background for the association between ACEs and a higher risk of suicide still remains understudied. SSTR4 rs2567608 is a functional polymorphism of the gene for somatostatin receptor subtype 4, predominantly found in the CA1 hippocampus area and involved in memory formation...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828183/hilic-ms-rat-brain-analysis-a-new-approach-for-the-study-of-ischemic-attack
#8
Natalia Miękus, Lucyna Konieczna, Przemysław Kowiański, Janusz Moryś, Tomasz Bączek
Clinicians often rely on selected small molecular compounds from body fluids for the detection, screening or monitoring of numerous life-threatening diseases. Among others, important monoamines - biogenic amines (BAs) - and their metabolites serve as sensitive biomarkers to study the progression or even early detection of on-going brain pathologies or tumors of neuroendocrine origins. Undertaking the task to optimize a reliable method for the simultaneous analysis of the most relevant BAs in biological matrices is of utmost importance for scientists...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729919/toward-understanding-non-coding-rna-roles-in-intracranial-aneurysms-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#9
Fengzhen Huang, Jiping Yi, Tieqiao Zhou, Xiaoxiang Gong, Hong Jiang, Xiaoxi Yao
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common and frequently life-threatening cerebrovascular disease, which is mostly related with a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Its complications include rebleeding, early brain injury, cerebral vasospasm, delayed cerebral ischemia, chronic hydrocephalus, and also non neurological problems. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), comprising of microRNAs (miRNAs), small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), play an important role in intracranial aneurysms and SAH. Here, we review the non-coding RNAs expression profile and their related mechanisms in intracranial aneurysms and SAH...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729918/white-matter-sexual-dimorphism-of-the-adult-human-brain
#10
Ali K Bourisly, Grace Gejo, Abrar A Hayat, Lamya Alsarraf, Fatima M Dashti, Margherita Di Paola
Sex-biased psychophysiology, behavior, brain function, and conditions are extensive, yet underlying structural brain mechanisms remain unclear. There is contradicting evidence regarding sexual dimorphism when it comes to brain structure, and there is still no consensus on whether or not there exists such a dimorphism for brain white matter. Therefore, we conducted a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis along with global volume analysis for white matter across sex. We analyzed 384 T1-weighted MRI brain images (192 male, 192 female) to investigate any differences in white matter (WM) between males and females...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729917/autophagy-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-the-unfolded-protein-response-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#11
Mingming Niu, Xiaohong Dai, Wei Zou, Xueping Yu, Wei Teng, Qiuxin Chen, Xiaowei Sun, Weiwei Yu, Huihui Ma, Peng Liu
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a subtype of stroke that is followed by primary and secondary brain injury. As a result of the injury, cell metabolism is disrupted and a series of stress responses are activated, such as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR), leading to the re-establishment of cell homeostasis or cell death. As an important mechanism of cell homeostasis, autophagy has been widely studied, and the associations between autophagy, ER stress, and the UPR have also been demonstrated...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729916/dynamic-expression-of-cx36-protein-in-kainic-acid-kindling-induced-epilepsy
#12
Xue-Mei Wu, Guang-Liang Wang, Xiao-Sheng Hao, Jia-Chun Feng
Connexin (Cx) 36 is known to be a component of gap junctions, and has been suggested to play an important role in epilepsy. In order to determine dynamic changes of Cx36 protein expression in epilepsy and investigate the role of Cx36 in electroencephalographic activity and pathogenesis, we utilized kainic acid (KA) to induce epileptogenesis. We found that epileptic discharges began 71.8 ± 23.7 s after KA administration. Spike frequency and amplitude of epileptiform activity reached maximal levels at 30 ± 5...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729915/the-concomitant-association-of-thyroid-disorders-and-myasthenia-gravis
#13
Yu-Pei Lin, Usman Iqbal, Phung-Anh Nguyen, Md Mohaimenul Islam, Suleman Atique, Wen-Shan Jian, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Chen-Ling Huang, Chung-Huei Hsu
BACKGROUND: Some of the thyroid disorders (TD) and Myasthenia gravis (MG) are autoimmune related disease. The purpose of the study to evaluate the relationship of MG with all morphological and functional thyroid disorders. METHODS: We constructed a population-based cohort study during the period from January 2000-December 2002 by using reimbursement data from the Bureau National Health Insurance (NHI) system in Taiwan. Patients with TD and MG were identified by referring to the ICD-9-CM codes...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729914/effects-of-mtor-on-neurological-deficits-after-transient-global-ischemia
#14
Jihong Xing, Jian Lu
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine protein kinase and activation of its signal pathway plays an important role in regulating protein growth and synthesis as well as cell proliferation and survival. In the present study, we examined the contribution of mTOR and its downstream products to brain injuries and neurological deficiencies after cardiac arrest (CA) induced-transient global ischemia. CA was induced by asphyxia followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in rats. Our results showed that expression of p-mTOR, mTOR-mediated phosphorylation of 4E-binding protein 4 (4E-BP1) and p70 ribosomal S6 protein kinase 1 (S6K1) pathways were amplified in CA rats compared to their controls...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729913/personality-traits-and-perception-of-m%C3%A3-ller-lyer-illusion-in-male-chinese-military-soldiers-and-university-students
#15
Yingchun Zhang, Jing Liu, Yongli Wang, Jingyi Huang, Lili Wei, Bingren Zhang, Wei Wang, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: In military men, performance such as gun-shooting precision relies on factors such as the ability to resist visual illusion, and this misperception of visual stimulus might be linked with sensation seeking related personality. METHODS: We have invited 103 male military men and 104 age-matched university male students to undergo the experiment of the Brentano version of the Müller-Lyer illusion and the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) tests...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400978/thymoquinone-attenuates-brain-injury-via-an-anti-oxidative-pathway-in-a-status-epilepticus-rat-model
#16
Yi-Ye Shao, Bing Li, Yong-Mei Huang, Qiong Luo, Yang-Mei Xie, Ying-Hui Chen
AIM: Status epilepticus (SE) results in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which contribute to seizure-induced brain injury. It is well known that oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in status epilepticus (SE). Thymoquinone (TQ) is a bioactive monomer extracted from black cumin (Nigella sativa) seed oil that has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and antioxidant activity in various diseases. This study evaluated the protective effects of TQ on brain injury in a lithium-pilocarpine rat model of SE and investigated the underlying mechanism related to antioxidative pathway...
January 2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400977/fragile-x-syndrome-lessons-learned-from-the-most-translated-neurodevelopmental-disorder-in-clinical-trials
#17
Phan Q Duy, Dejan B Budimirovic
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the leading genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and inherited intellectual disability (ID) worldwide. Preclinical successes in understanding the biology of FXS have led to numerous translational attempts in human clinical trials of therapeutics that target the excitatory/inhibitory neural signaling imbalances thought to underlie FXS. Despite the preclinical success story, the negative results of the human clinical trials have been deemed to be at least in part disappointing by the field...
January 2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400976/iss-n1-makes-the-first-fda-approved-drug-for-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#18
Eric W Ottesen
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is one of the leading genetic diseases of children and infants. SMA is caused by deletions or mutations of Survival Motor Neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. SMN2, a nearly identical copy of SMN1, cannot compensate for the loss of SMN1 due to predominant skipping of exon 7. While various regulatory elements that modulate SMN2 exon 7 splicing have been proposed, intronic splicing silencer N1 (ISS-N1) has emerged as the most promising target thus far for antisense oligonucleotide-mediated splicing correction in SMA...
January 2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270935/comparison-of-msc-neurogenin1-administration-modality-in-mcao-rat-model
#19
Dong Hoon Shin, Gyu-Hee Kim, Jin Soo Lee, In Soo Joo, Haeyoung Suh-Kim, Sung-Soo Kim, Ji Man Hong
Intracerebral (IC) grafting of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is not currently used in humans due to its potential complications. On the other hand, intra-arterial (IA) administration can be facilitated for engrafting of intensifed MSCs in the injured human brain. The study is designed to compare the two methods of MSC administration using IA and IC routes through the parameters of behavior, infarct volume, cell distribution, and MSC identification. An ischemic stroke model was generated in Sprague Dawley male rats...
2016: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123836/effects-of-ulinastatin-on-global-ischemia-via-brain-pro-inflammation-signal
#20
Xiao-Ming Jiang, Jing-Hai Hu, Lu-Lu Wang, Chi Ma, Xu Wang, Xiao-Liang Liu
Ulinastatin [urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI)] plays an important role in the protection of organs against ischemic injury during severe inflammation. The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of UTI on the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs) and protein expression of PIC receptors in the neocortex and hippocampus CA1 region of rats after transient global ischemia induced via cardiac arrest (CA). Specifcally, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were analyzed...
2016: Translational Neuroscience
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