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Psychology of Violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221019/the-longitudinal-relations-between-dimensions-of-community-violence-exposure-and-developmental-outcomes-among-adolescent-ethnic-minority-males
#1
Caitlin Elsaesser
Objective: Community violence exposure is multi-dimensional, yet the majority of studies examining the relation of exposure and developmental outcomes employ measures that collapse a wide range of experiences into a global summed scale. Building on research conducted in child maltreatment indicating that the impact of exposure varies as a function of the nature of maltreatment, the present study examines the contribution of dimensions of exposure to community violence (i.e., type - hearing about violence, witnessing violence, victimization - and relationship to perpetrator) on three areas of adolescent functioning: depression, aggression, and attention problems...
July 2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938119/predicting-men-s-immediate-reactions-to-a-simulated-date-s-sexual-rejection-the-effects-of-hostile-masculinity-impersonal-sex-and-hostile-perceptions-of-the-woman
#2
Jacqueline Woerner, Antonia Abbey, Breanne R Helmers, Sheri E Pegram, Zunaira Jilani
Objective: Aggression is a common response to many types of social rejection. Men who respond aggressively to a woman's sexual rejection are likely to score high on risk factors associated with sexual aggression and to convince themselves that she is at fault. This study investigated how sexual dominance motivation and casual sex attitudes interact with "in the moment" hostile perceptions of the woman to predict the likelihood of an aggressive response. Method: Male participants ( N = 77) completed an online survey including self-report measures of sexual dominance motivation and casual sex attitudes...
May 2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140548/motivational-interviewing-for-victims-of-armed-community-violence-a-nonexperimental-pilot-feasibility-study
#3
John T Nanney, Erich J Conrad, Erin T Reuther, Rachel A Wamser-Nanney, Michael McCloskey, Joseph I Constans
Objective: The present study aimed to develop a novel, hospital-based motivational interviewing (MI) intervention for victims of armed community violence (MI-VoV) targeting patient-specific risk factors for future violence or violent victimization. Method: This uncontrolled pilot feasibility study examined a sample of patients (n = 71) hospitalized due to violent injury at a Level 1 Trauma Center in [Location Redacted for Masked Review] between January 2013 and May 2014...
March 2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732237/measuring-acquired-capability-for-suicide-within-an-ideation-to-action-framework
#4
Taylor A Burke, Brooke A Ammerman, Anne C Knorr, Lauren B Alloy, Michael S McCloskey
Objective: Despite the large literature on risk factors for suicide-related outcomes, few studies have examined risk for acting on suicidal thoughts among suicide ideators. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining the role of acquired capability, as well as its hypothesized facilitator, painful and provocative events (PPEs), as motivators for behavior among individuals along the suicide continuum. Method: Undergraduates reporting suicidal ideation, suicide plans, suicide attempts without intent to die, or suicide attempts with intent to die (N=546) completed a measure of acquired capability for suicide, as well as assessments of exposure to PPEs...
March 2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151328/examining-within-person-and-between-person-associations-of-family-violence-and-peer-deviance-on-bullying-perpetration-among-middle-school-students
#5
Nickholas Grant, Gabriel J Merrin, Matthew T King, Dorothy L Espelage
Objective: Family violence and peer deviance have shown to be related to bullying perpetration. Although there are several cross-sectional investigations of these two factors in relation to bullying behavior, no known studies have examined their interactive associations. The current study examines the longitudinal associations of both factors on bullying perpetration using a multi-level approach. Method: Participants included 1,194 5th , 6th , and 7th grade students from four middle schools in a Midwest county...
2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552375/antisocial-traits-distress-tolerance-and-alcohol-problems-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-men-arrested-for-domestic-violence
#6
Meagan J Brem, Autumn Rae Florimbio, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Gregory L Stuart
Objective: Men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) traits are at an increased risk for consuming alcohol and perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV). However, previous research has neglected malleable mechanisms potentially responsible for the link between ASPD traits, alcohol problems, and IPV perpetration. Efforts to improve the efficacy of batterer intervention programs (BIPs) would benefit from exploration of such malleable mechanisms. The present study is the first to examine distress tolerance as one such mechanism linking men's ASPD traits to their alcohol problems and IPV perpetration...
2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375925/men-s-responses-to-women-s-sexual-refusals-development-and-construct-validity-of-a-virtual-dating-simulation-of-sexual-aggression
#7
Antonia Abbey, Sheri E Pegram, Jacqueline Woerner, Rhiana Wegner
Objective: To provide evidence regarding the construct validity of a sexual aggression proxy in which male participants go on multiple virtual dates with a woman. A unique strength of this proxy is participants' opportunity to make choices throughout the simulation about how they interact with their virtual date. These decisions determine their exposure to the female agent's sexual refusals. Method: Piloting included focus groups (n = 82), surveys (n = 95), and cognitive interviews (n = 32)...
2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335672/seeing-roses-in-the-thorn-bush-sexual-assault-survivors-perceptions-of-social-reactions
#8
Emily R Dworkin, Emily Newton, Nicole E Allen
Objective: After sexual assault, survivors often reach to others for support and receive a range of reactions. Although these reactions have been characterized by researchers as positive (e.g., emotional support) or negative (e.g., victim blaming), survivors vary in their perceptions in ways that do not always match this framework. The goal of this research was to examine the degree to which designations of reactions as "positive" or "negative" fits across types of reactions and explain instances of mismatch between these designations and survivors' perceptions...
2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242755/the-effects-of-men-s-hostility-toward-women-acute-alcohol-intoxication-and-women-s-condom-request-style-on-men-s-condom-use-resistance-tactics
#9
Rhiana Wegner, Kelly Cue Davis, Cynthia A Stappenbeck, Kelly F Kajumulo, Jeanette Norris, William H George
Objective: To extend previous research demonstrating that intoxicated men high in hostility toward women report stronger intentions to use coercive condom use resistance (CUR) tactics to have unprotected sex by examining the role of women's condom request style. Methods: Community, non-problem drinking men, ages 21-30 ( N = 296) completed standard alcohol administration procedures and read an eroticized story of a casual sexual interaction. Following the woman's request to use a condom, intentions to engage in coercive CUR tactics were assessed...
October 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226004/understanding-the-context-of-romantic-partner-relational-victimization-links-between-relationship-satisfaction-depressive-symptoms-and-alcohol-related-problems
#10
Angelo M DiBello, Teresa M Preddy, Camilla S Øverup, Clayton Neighbors
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine links across romantic partner relational victimization, depressive symptoms, and drinking problems during young adulthood. We were interested in evaluating depression as a mediator of the association between relational victimization by one's romantic partner, drinking problems, and the conditional indirect effects of relationship satisfaction. Method: 269 individuals aged 18 to 26 years (68% female, M age = 22...
October 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242754/the-relationship-between-family-parent-and-child-characteristics-and-intimate-partner-violence-ipv-among-ukrainian-mothers
#11
Viktor Burlaka, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Olena Savchuk, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Objective: To assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a sample of Ukrainian mothers of schoolchildren, and to examine the relationship between IPV and family, parent, and child characteristics utilizing multilevel models. Method: Mothers of children aged 9-16 (n = 278, 93.5% Ukrainians) answered the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) assessing IPV. We also examined the relationship between IPV and maternal age, education, employment and marital status, family income, and rural or urban residence...
July 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451465/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-in-lgbt-young-adults-demographic-differences-and-associations-with-health-behaviors
#12
Tyson R Reuter, Michael E Newcomb, Sarah W Whitton, Brian Mustanski
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important public health problem with high prevalence and serious costs. Although literature has largely focused on IPV among heterosexuals, studies have recently begun examining IPV in LGBT samples, with mounting evidence suggesting IPV may be more common among LGBT individuals than heterosexuals. Less research has examined the specific health consequences of IPV in this population, particularly across time and among young people, and it remains unclear whether experiences of IPV differ between subgroups within the LGBT population (e...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392967/gendered-social-learning-nonfamily-institutions-and-attitudes-about-recourse-after-partner-violence
#13
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first study in Vietnam of how gendered social learning about violence and exposure to non-family institutions influence women's attitudes about a wife's recourse after physical IPV. METHOD: A probability sample of 532 married women, ages 18-50 years, was surveyed in July-August, 2012 in Mỹ Hào district. We fit a multivariate linear regression model to estimate correlates of favoring recourse in six situations using a validated attitudinal scale...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239508/empirical-investigation-of-a-model-of-sexual-minority-specific-and-general-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-among-lesbian-women
#14
Robin J Lewis, Tyler B Mason, Barbara A Winstead, Michelle L Kelley
OBJECTIVE: This study proposed and tested the first conceptual model of sexual minority specific (discrimination, internalized homophobia) and more general risk factors (perpetrator and partner alcohol use, anger, relationship satisfaction) for intimate partner violence among partnered lesbian women. METHOD: Self-identified lesbian women ( N =1048) were recruited from online market research panels. Participants completed an online survey that included measures of minority stress, anger, alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, relationship satisfaction, psychological aggression, and physical violence...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239507/in-the-moment-dissociation-emotional-numbing-and-sexual-risk-the-influence-of-sexual-trauma-history-trauma-symptoms-and-alcohol-intoxication
#15
Cynthia A Stappenbeck, William H George, Jennifer Staples, Hong Nguyen, Kelly Cue Davis, Debra Kaysen, Julia R Heiman, N Tatiana Masters, Jeanette Norris, Cinnamon L Danube, Amanda K Gilmore, Kelly F Kajumulo
OBJECTIVE: Prior research on the effects of sexual trauma has examined dissociation but not emotional numbing during sex and has relied exclusively on retrospective surveys. The present experiment examined associations among distal factors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), adolescent/adult sexual assault (ASA), and trauma symptoms and the proximal factor of acute alcohol intoxication on in-the-moment dissociation, emotional numbing, and sexual risk intentions. METHOD: Young adult female drinkers (N = 436) at elevated sexual risk were randomized to receive alcohol (target peak breath alcohol concentration = ...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042495/cortisol-reactions-during-family-conflict-discussions-influences-of-wives-and-husbands-exposure-to-family-of-origin-aggression
#16
Reout Arbel, Aubrey J Rodriguez, Gayla Margolin
OBJECTIVE: Though family-of-origin aggression (FOA) is a known risk for later emotional and physical problems in adulthood, little is known about how early exposure to aggression influences physiological reactivity in the domain-specific context of family conflict experienced as an adult. This study investigates whether report of FOA influences spouses' hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses during conflict discussions with their family-of-procreation and also whether current hostilities, observed during a family discussion, moderate those responses...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818840/do-alcohol-and-marijuana-increase-the-risk-for-female-dating-violence-victimization-a-prospective-daily-diary-investigation
#17
Ryan C Shorey, Todd M Moore, James K McNulty, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem, with females being victimized by partners at high rates with numerous negative health consequences. Previous research has been equivocal on whether substance use on the part of the victim temporally precedes and, thus, increases the odds of victimization. While the sole responsibility for violence is always with the perpetrator, knowing this information could provide useful information for theory as well as interventions designed to keep women safe...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747131/development-and-validation-of-a-video-measure-for-assessing-women-s-risk-perception-for-alcohol-related-sexual-assault
#18
Kathleen A Parks, Kristine Levonyan-Radloff, Ronda L Dearing, Amy Hequembourg, Maria Testa
OBJECTIVE: Using an iterative process, a series of three video scenarios were developed for use as a standardized measure for assessing women's perception of risks for alcohol-related sexual assault (SA). The videos included ambiguous and clear behavioral and environmental risk cues. METHOD: Focus group discussions with young, female heavy drinkers (N = 42) were used to develop three videos at different risk levels (low, moderate, and high) in Study 1. Realism, reliability, and validity of the videos were assessed using multiple methods in Studies 2 and 3...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867694/takecare-a-video-bystander-program-to-help-prevent-sexual-violence-on-college-campuses-results-of-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Ernest N Jouriles, Renee McDonald, David Rosenfield, Nicole Levy, Kelli Sargent, Christina Caiozzo, John H Grych
OBJECTIVE: The present research reports on two randomized controlled trials evaluating TakeCARE, a video bystander program designed to help prevent sexual violence on college campuses. METHOD: In Study 1, students were recruited from psychology courses at two universities. In Study 2, first-year students were recruited from a required course at one university. In both studies, students were randomly assigned to view one of two videos: TakeCARE or a control video on study skills...
July 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525169/a-feasibility-test-of-a-brief-motivational-interview-intervention-to-reduce-dating-abuse-perpetration-in-a-hospital-setting
#20
Emily F Rothman, Na Wang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the intervention development process and feasibility testing of a hospital-based brief intervention to reduce the perpetration of adolescent dating abuse (ADA). To our knowledge, this intervention is the first to focus exclusively on ADA perpetration reduction via a motivational interview-type intervention in this setting. METHOD: The rationale for and the six Intervention Mapping steps used to generate the intervention are described. Feasibility is conceptualized as intervention acceptability, demand, implementation, practicality, integration, and limited-efficacy...
July 2016: Psychology of Violence
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