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Journal of Tissue Engineering

Andrew C Daly, Binulal N Sathy, Daniel J Kelly
Mesenchymal stem cells maintained in appropriate culture conditions are capable of producing robust cartilage tissue. However, gradients in nutrient availability that arise during three-dimensional culture can result in the development of spatially inhomogeneous cartilage tissues with core regions devoid of matrix. Previous attempts at developing dynamic culture systems to overcome these limitations have reported suppression of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis compared to static conditions. We hypothesize that by modulating oxygen availability during bioreactor culture, it is possible to engineer cartilage tissues of scale...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Alessander Leyendecker Junior, Carla Cristina Gomes Pinheiro, Tiago Lazzaretti Fernandes, Daniela Franco Bueno
Dental pulp represents a promising and easily accessible source of mesenchymal stem cells for clinical applications. Many studies have investigated the use of human dental pulp stem cells and stem cells isolated from the dental pulp of human exfoliated deciduous teeth for bone tissue engineering in vivo. However, the type of scaffold used to support the proliferation and differentiation of dental stem cells, the animal model, the type of bone defect created, and the methods for evaluation of results were extremely heterogeneous among these studies conducted...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Ankush Thakur, Shawn Mishra, Juan Pena, Jing Zhou, Stephen Redenti, Robert Majeska, Maribel Vazquez
Strategies to replace retinal photoreceptors lost to damage or disease rely upon the migration of replacement cells transplanted into sub-retinal spaces. A significant obstacle to the advancement of cell transplantation for retinal repair is the limited migration of transplanted cells into host retina. In this work, we examine the adhesion and displacement responses of retinal progenitor cells on extracellular matrix substrates found in retina as well as widely used in the design and preparation of transplantable scaffolds...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Andreas Hoffmann, Holger Leonards, Nora Tobies, Ludwig Pongratz, Klaus Kreuels, Franziska Kreimendahl, Christian Apel, Martin Wehner, Nadine Nottrodt
Stereolithography is one of the most promising technologies for the production of tailored implants. Within this study, we show the results of a new resin formulation for three-dimensional printing which is also useful for subsequent surface functionalization. The class of materials is based on monomers containing either thiol or alkene groups. By irradiation of the monomers at a wavelength of 266 nm, we demonstrated an initiator-free stereolithographic process based on thiol-ene click chemistry. Specimens made from this material have successfully been tested for biocompatibility...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Lukas Kessler, Sandra Gehrke, Marc Winnefeld, Birgit Huber, Eva Hoch, Torsten Walter, Ralf Wyrwa, Matthias Schnabelrauch, Malte Schmidt, Maximilian Kückelhaus, Marcus Lehnhardt, Tobias Hirsch, Frank Jacobsen
In vitro-generated soft tissue could provide alternate therapies for soft tissue defects. The aim of this study was to evaluate methacrylated gelatin/hyaluronan as scaffolds for soft tissue engineering and their interaction with human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). ASCs were incorporated into methacrylated gelatin/hyaluronan hydrogels. The gels were photocrosslinked with a lithium phenyl-2,4,6-trimethylbenzoylphosphinate photoinitiator and analyzed for cell viability and adipogenic differentiation of ASCs over a period of 30 days...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Nusrat Sharmin, Fu Gu, Ifty Ahmed, Andrew J Parsons
The unique property of phosphate-based glasses and fibres to be completely dissolved in aqueous media is largely dependent on the glass composition. This article focuses on investigating the effect of replacing Na2O with 3 and 5 mol% Fe2O3 on cytocompatibility, thermal and dissolution properties of P2O5-CaO-Na2O-MgO-B2O3 glass system, where P2O5 content was fixed at 45 mol%. The effect of increasing Fe2O3 from 3 to 5 mol% on P2O5-CaO-Na2O-MgO glasses was also evaluated. The glass transition temperature, onset of crystallisation temperature and liquidus temperature were found to decrease with increasing Fe2O3 content and the addition of B2O3, while the thermal expansion values were found to decrease...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Lidia Escutia-Guadarrama, Genaro Vázquez-Victorio, David Martínez-Pastor, Brenda Nieto-Rivera, Marcela Sosa-Garrocho, Marina Macías-Silva, Mathieu Hautefeuille
We present the rapid-prototyping of type I collagen micropatterns on poly-dimethylsiloxane substrates for the biomimetic confinement of cells using the combination of a surface oxidation treatment and 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane silanisation followed by glutaraldehyde crosslinking. The aim of surface treatment is to stabilise microcontact printing transfer of this natural extracellular matrix protein that usually wears out easily from poly-dimethylsiloxane, which is not suitable for biomimetic cell culture platforms and lab-on-chip applications...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Erik Elebring, Vijay K Kuna, Niclas Kvarnström, Suchitra Sumitran-Holgersson
Despite progress in the field of decellularization and recellularization, the outcome for pancreas has not been adequate. This might be due to the challenging dual nature of pancreas with both endocrine and exocrine tissues. We aimed to develop a novel and efficient cold-perfusion method for decellularization of porcine pancreas and recellularize acellular scaffolds with human fetal pancreatic stem cells. Decellularization of whole porcine pancreas at 4°C with sodium deoxycholate, Triton X-100 and DNase efficiently removed cellular material, while preserving the extracellular matrix structure...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Yun-Min Kook, Yoon Jeong, Kangwon Lee, Won-Gun Koh
The extracellular matrix of most natural tissues comprises various types of cells, including fibroblasts, stem cells, and endothelial cells, which communicate with each other directly or indirectly to regulate matrix production and cell functionality. To engineer multicellular interactions in vitro, co-culture systems have achieved tremendous success achieving a more realistic microenvironment of in vivo metabolism than monoculture system in the past several decades. Recently, the fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have primarily focused on three-dimensional co-culture systems using cellular scaffolds, because of their physical and biological relevance to the extracellular matrix of actual tissues...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Arta Kelmendi-Doko, J Peter Rubin, Katarina Klett, Christopher Mahoney, Sheri Wang, Kacey G Marra
Current materials used for adipose tissue reconstruction have critical shortcomings such as suboptimal volume retention, donor-site morbidity, and poor biocompatibility. The aim of this study was to examine a controlled delivery system of dexamethasone to generate stable adipose tissue when mixed with disaggregated human fat in an athymic mouse model for 6 months. The hypothesis that the continued release of dexamethasone from polymeric microspheres would enhance both adipogenesis and angiogenesis more significantly when compared to the single-walled microsphere model, resulting in long-term adipose volume retention, was tested...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Achim von Bomhard, Joseph Faust, Alexander F Elsaesser, Silke Schwarz, Katharina Pippich, Nicole Rotter
A critical limitation in the cultivation of cartilage for tissue engineering is the dedifferentiation in chondrocytes, mainly during in vitro amplification. Despite many previous studies investigating the influence of various conditions, no data exist concerning the effects of hypothermia. Our aim has been to influence chondrocyte dedifferentiation in vitro by hypothermic conditions. Chondrocytes were isolated from cartilage biopsies and seeded in monolayer and in three-dimensional pellet-cultures. Each cell culture was either performed at 32...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Paula Benny, Michael Raghunath
Biomimetic microenvironments are key components to successful cell culture and tissue engineering in vitro. One of the most accurate biomimetic microenvironments is that made by the cells themselves. Cell-made microenvironments are most similar to the in vivo state as they are cell-specific and produced by the actual cells which reside in that specific microenvironment. However, cell-made microenvironments have been challenging to re-create in vitro due to the lack of extracellular matrix composition, volume and complexity which are required...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Tarek M Bedair, Mahmoud A ElNaggar, Yoon Ki Joung, Dong Keun Han
Cardiovascular diseases are considered as one of the serious diseases that leads to the death of millions of people all over the world. Stent implantation has been approved as an easy and promising way to treat cardiovascular diseases. However, in-stent restenosis and thrombosis remain serious problems after stent implantation. It was demonstrated in a large body of previously published literature that endothelium impairment represents a major factor for restenosis. This discovery became the driving force for many studies trying to achieve an optimized methodology for accelerated re-endothelialization to prevent restenosis...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Sureerat Khunmanee, Younghyen Jeong, Hansoo Park
In the field of tissue engineering, there is a need for advancement beyond conventional scaffolds and preformed hydrogels. Injectable hydrogels have gained wider admiration among researchers as they can be used in minimally invasive surgical procedures. Injectable gels completely fill the defect area and have good permeability and hence are promising biomaterials. The technique can be effectively applied to deliver a wide range of bioactive agents, such as drugs, proteins, growth factors, and even living cells...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Knut Rennert, Mirko Nitschke, Maria Wallert, Natalie Keune, Martin Raasch, Stefan Lorkowski, Alexander S Mosig
Harvesting cultivated macrophages for tissue engineering purposes by enzymatic digestion of cell adhesion molecules can potentially result in unintended activation, altered function, or behavior of these cells. Thermo-responsive polymer is a promising tool that allows for gentle macrophage detachment without artificial activation prior to subculture within engineered tissue constructs. We therefore characterized different species of thermo-responsive polymers for their suitability as cell substrate and to mediate gentle macrophage detachment by temperature shift...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Mitchell C VeDepo, Michael S Detamore, Richard A Hopkins, Gabriel L Converse
The tissue-engineered heart valve portends a new era in the field of valve replacement. Decellularized heart valves are of great interest as a scaffold for the tissue-engineered heart valve due to their naturally bioactive composition, clinical relevance as a stand-alone implant, and partial recellularization in vivo. However, a significant challenge remains in realizing the tissue-engineered heart valve: assuring consistent recellularization of the entire valve leaflets by phenotypically appropriate cells...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Patricia A Redondo, Marina Pavlou, Marilena Loizidou, Umber Cheema
Adult stem cells are crucial for tissue homeostasis. These cells reside within exclusive locations in tissues, termed niches, which protect adult stem cell fidelity and regulate their many functions through biophysical-, biochemical- and cellular-mediated mechanisms. There is a growing understanding of how these mechanisms and their components contribute towards maintaining stem cell quiescence, self-renewal, expansion and differentiation patterns. In vitro expansion of adult stem cells is a powerful tool for understanding stem cell biology, and for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Benjamin M Davies, James Smith, Sarah Rikabi, Karolina Wartolowska, Mark Morrey, Anna French, Robert MacLaren, David Williams, Kim Bure, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Anthony Mathur, Martin Birchall, Evan Snyder, Anthony Atala, Brock Reeve, David Brindley
Cellular therapies, such as stem cell-based treatments, have been widely researched and numerous products and treatments have been developed. Despite this, there has been relatively limited use of these technologies in the healthcare sector. This study sought to investigate the perceived barriers to this more widespread adoption. An anonymous online questionnaire was developed, based on the findings of a pilot study. This was distributed to an audience of clinicians, researchers and commercial experts in 13 countries...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Jack A Helliwell, Daniel S Thomas, Vaia Papathanasiou, Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam, Amisha Desai, Louise M Jennings, Paul Rooney, John N Kearney, Eileen Ingham
The aim of this study was to adapt a proprietary decellularisation process for human dermis for use with porcine skin. Porcine skin was subject to: sodium chloride (1 M) to detach the epidermis, trypsin paste to remove hair follicles, peracetic acid (0.1% v/v) disinfection, washed in hypotonic buffer and 0.1% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulphate in the presence of proteinase inhibitors followed by nuclease treatment. Cellular porcine skin, decellularised porcine and human dermis were compared using histology, immunohistochemistry, GSL-1 lectin (alpha-gal epitope) staining, biochemical assays, uniaxial tensile and in vitro cytotoxicity tests...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Corina E White, Ronke M Olabisi
In several retinal degenerative diseases, including age-related macular degeneration, the retinal pigment epithelium, a highly functionalized cell monolayer, becomes dysfunctional. These retinal diseases are marked by early retinal pigment epithelium dysfunction reducing its ability to maintain a healthy retina, hence making the retinal pigment epithelium an attractive target for treatment. Cell therapies, including bolus cell injections, have been investigated with mixed results. Since bolus cell injection does not promote the proper monolayer architecture, scaffolds seeded with retinal pigment epithelium cells and then implanted have been increasingly investigated...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
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