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Therapeutic Advances in Hematology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713445/the-evolution-of-stem-cell-transplantation-in-multiple-myeloma
#1
REVIEW
Sarakshi Mahajan, Nidhi Tandon, Shaji Kumar
Autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) remains an integral part of treatment for previously untreated, and may have value in the treatment of relapsed patients with, multiple myeloma (MM). The addition of novel agents like immunomodulators and proteasome inhibitors as induction therapy before and as consolidation/maintenance therapy after ASCT has led to an improvement in complete response (CR) rates, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). With advances in supportive care, older patients and patients with renal insufficiency are now able to safely undergo the procedure...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713444/personalizing-initial-therapy-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-incorporating-novel-agents-into-clinical-practice
#2
REVIEW
Christin B DeStefano, Christopher S Hourigan
While the past decade has seen a revolution in understanding of the genetic and molecular etiology of the disease, in clinical practice, initial therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients has been a relatively straightforward choice between intensive combination cytotoxic induction therapy as used for decades or less-intensive hypomethylating therapy. The year 2017, however, witnessed US Food and Drug Administration approvals of midostaurin, enasidenib, gemtuzumab ozogamicin and CPX-351 for AML patients, with many other promising agents currently in clinical trials...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623180/pembrolizumab-and-its-role-in-relapsed-refractory-classical-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-evidence-to-date-and-clinical-utility
#3
REVIEW
Polina Shindiapina, Lapo Alinari
Immune evasion is a critical mechanism of malignant cell survival, and relies in part on molecular signaling through the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1)/PD-1 ligand (PD-L1) axis that contributes to T cell exhaustion. Immune modulatory therapy with monoclonal antibodies against PD-1 designed to enhance antitumor immune response have shown promise in the treatment of advanced solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL), a unique B cell malignancy characterized by an extensive but ineffective immune cell infiltrate surrounding a small number of tumor cells, has shown significant response to anti-PD-1 directed therapy...
April 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623179/co-expression-of-myc-and-bcl2-predicts-poorer-outcomes-for-relapsed-refractory-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-r-ice-and-intent-to-transplant
#4
Joshua Allen, Ana Lucia Ruano Mendez, Lisa Rybicki, Yazeed Sawalha, Deepa Jagadeesh, Robert Dean, Brad Pohlman, Mitchell R Smith, Eric D Hsi, Brian T Hill
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with co-expression of MYC and BCL2 protein by immunohistochemistry (IHC) - that is, double-expresser lymphoma (DEL) - is associated with poor outcomes after standard frontline therapy. Less is known about the prognostic impact of DEL in patients with relapsed/refractory disease treated with salvage therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). We analyzed the outcomes of 167 patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL treated with R-ICE (rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide), of whom 111 patients (66%) underwent ASCT...
April 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531660/safety-and-efficacy-of-nilotinib-in-routine-clinical-practice-in-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-chronic-or-accelerated-phase-with-resistance-or-intolerance-to-imatinib-results-from-the-novel-study
#5
Ching-Yuan Kuo, Po-Nan Wang, Wen-Li Hwang, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Li-Yaun Bai, Jih-Luh Tang, Ming-Chih Chang, Sheng-Fung Lin, Tsai-Yun Chen, Yeu-Chin Chen, Tran-Der Tan, Chih-Yi Hsieh, Chinjune Lin, Clinton Lai, Darko Miljkovic, Cheng-Shyong Chang
Background: Nilotinib, a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), is approved for the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in many countries, including Taiwan. Though a number of controlled clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of nilotinib, studies assessing the safety and efficacy of nilotinib in routine clinical practice are limited. Methods: The current study was an open-label, single-arm study conducted across 12 centers in Taiwan in adult patients with CML in chronic or accelerated phase with confirmed Ph+ chromosome (or BCR-ABL) and resistant or intolerant to one or more previous TKIs...
March 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387330/novel-therapies-and-current-clinical-progress-in-hemophilia-a
#6
REVIEW
Pauline Balkaransingh, Guy Young
The evolution of hemophilia treatment and care is a fascinating one but has been fraught with many challenges at every turn. Over the last 50 years or so patients with hemophilia and providers have witnessed great advances in the treatment of this disease. With these advances, there has been a dramatic decrease in the mortality and morbidity associated with hemophilia. Even with the remarkable advancements in treatment, however, new and old challenges continue to plague the hemophilia community. The cost of factor replacement and the frequency of infusions, especially in patients with severe hemophilia on prophylaxis, remains a significant challenge for this population...
February 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317998/new-and-emerging-therapies-for-acute-and-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#7
REVIEW
LaQuisa Hill, Amin Alousi, Partow Kebriaei, Rohtesh Mehta, Katayoun Rezvani, Elizabeth Shpall
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Despite the use of prophylactic GVHD regimens, a significant proportion of transplant recipients will develop acute or chronic GVHD following HSCT. Corticosteroids are standard first-line therapy, but are only effective in roughly half of all cases with ~50% of patients going on to develop steroid-refractory disease, which increases the risk of nonrelapse mortality...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317997/experience-with-ibrutinib-for-first-line-use-in-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#8
REVIEW
Gilad Itchaki, Jennifer R Brown
Ibrutinib is the first in-class, orally administered, Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor that abrogates the critical signaling downstream of the B-cell receptor (BCR). This signaling is required for B-cell survival, proliferation and interaction with the microenvironment. Ibrutinib proved active in preclinical models of lymphoproliferative diseases and achieved impressive response rates in heavily pretreated relapsed and refractory (R/R) patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Ibrutinib prolonged survival compared to standard therapy and mitigated the effect of most poor prognostic factors in CLL, thus becoming the main therapeutic option in high-risk populations...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204262/the-role-of-oral-anticoagulant-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Jae Youn Moon, Deepa Nagaraju, Francesco Franchi, Fabiana Rollini, Dominick J Angiolillo
Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and a P2Y12 receptor antagonist represents the current standard of care to prevent atherothrombotic recurrences in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, despite the use of DAPT, the recurrence rate of cardiovascular ischemic events still remains high. This persistent risk may be in part attributed to the sustained activation of the coagulation cascade leading to generation of thrombin, which may continue to play a key role in thrombus formation. The use of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) as a strategy to reduce atherothrombotic recurrences after an ACS has been previously tested, leading to overall unfavorable outcomes due to the high risk of bleeding complications...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204261/recombinant-human-factor-viia-rfviia-in-hemophilia-mode-of-action-and-evidence-to-date
#10
REVIEW
Muriel Giansily-Blaizot, Jean-François Schved
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is a bypassing agent widely used both in the treatment and prevention of hemorrhagic complications due to hemophilia with inhibitor. In such cases, antihemophilic factors cannot be used. The normal physiology of factor VII/ factor VIIa (FVII/FVIIa) in the hemostatic process requires the presence of tissue factor (TF) that links to FVII leading to a FVIIa-TF complex which activates both factor X and factor IX. The therapeutic use of rFVIIa requires high amount of FVIIa...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204260/the-evolving-role-of-targeted-biological-agents-in-the-management-of-indolent-b-cell-lymphomas
#11
REVIEW
Trent Peng Wang, John Harwood Scott, Stefan Klaus Barta
Improved understanding of the mechanisms of lymphomagenesis has resulted in a surge of development for new targeted agents. An impressive number of biological agents targeting different steps in the pathways of tumor proliferation, survival and apoptosis have become available. The management of patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphomas (iNHLs) is rapidly transforming with incorporation of those targeted biological agents into the front-line and relapsed/refractory setting. This review highlights several categories of novel biological agents and will discuss their potential role in the contemporary management of patients with iNHLs...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093807/biological-and-clinical-implications-of-telomere-dysfunction-in-myeloid-malignancies
#12
REVIEW
Ashwin Kishtagari, Justin Watts
Telomeres at the ends of linear chromosomes protect the genome. Telomeres shorten with each round of cell division, placing a finite limit on cell growth. Telomere attrition is associated with cell senescence and apoptosis. Telomerase, a specialized ribonucleoprotein complex, maintains telomeres homeostasis through repeat addition of telomere sequences to the 3' telomeric overhang. Telomere biology is closely related to cancer and normal aging. Upregulation of telomerase or activation of the alternative pathway of telomere lengthening is a hallmark of cancer cells, making telomerase an attractive target for cancer therapeutics...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051801/current-and-emerging-factor-viii-replacement-products-for-hemophilia-a
#13
REVIEW
Lorraine A Cafuir, Christine L Kempton
Hemophilia A is a congenital X-linked bleeding disorder caused by coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency. Routine infusion of factor replacement products is the current standard of care; however, the development of alloantibodies against FVIII remains a challenge. The treatment of hemophilia has undergone major advances over the past century to improve safety, effectiveness, manufacturing, and convenience of factor products. Major recent advances in the treatment of hemophilia A include the emergence of extended half-life products, factor VIII orthologs, and gene therapy products...
October 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051800/current-strategies-for-salvage-treatment-for-relapsed-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma
#14
REVIEW
Liana Nikolaenko, Robert Chen, Alex F Herrera
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is curable in 70-80% of patients with first-line therapy. However, relapses occur in a minority of patients with favorable early stage disease and are more frequent in patients with advanced HL. Salvage chemotherapy followed by high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) for patients with chemotherapy-sensitive disease is a standard treatment sequence for relapsed or refractory (rel/ref) HL. Patients who achieve complete response prior to ASCT have better survival outcomes...
October 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051799/red-cell-genotyping-precision-medicine-a-conference-summary
#15
REVIEW
Gregory A Denomme, Waseem Q Anani, Neil D Avent, Gregor Bein, Lynne B Briggs, Razvan C Lapadat, Celina Montemayor, Maria Rios, Maryse St-Louis, Lynne Uhl, Silvano Wendel, Willy A Flegel
This review summarizes the salient points of the symposium 'Red Cell Genotyping 2015: Precision Medicine' held on 10 September 2015 in the Masur Auditorium of the National Institutes of Health. The specific aims of this 6th annual symposium were to: (1) discuss how advances in molecular immunohematology are changing patient care; (2) exemplify patient care strategies by case reports (clinical vignettes); (3) review the basic molecular studies and their current implications in clinical practice; (4) identify red cell genotyping strategies to prevent alloimmunization; and (5) compare and contrast future options of red cell genotyping in precision transfusion medicine...
October 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051805/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2040620717693972.].
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051804/review-of-recombinant-anti-haemophilic-porcine-sequence-factor-viii-in-adults-with-acquired-haemophilia-a
#17
REVIEW
Emma Fosbury, Anja Drebes, Anne Riddell, Pratima Chowdary
Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is a rare, serious bleeding disorder most often encountered in elderly patients. The mainstay of haemostatic management is with bypassing agents (BPAs) including recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) and activated prothrombin complex concentrates (aPCCs). Their major limitation is incomplete efficacy, potential risk for thrombosis and the lack of routine laboratory assays for monitoring treatment response. Plasma-derived porcine FVIII (pd-pFVIII, Hyate C® ), first used in the 1950s for the management of congenital haemophilia, has sufficient sequence homology to be haemostatic in humans, but the lack of complete homology facilitates efficacy even in the presence of human allo- and autoantibodies against human FVIII (hFVIII)...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051803/midostaurin-a-novel-therapeutic-agent-for-patients-with-flt3-mutated-acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-systemic-mastocytosis
#18
REVIEW
Molly M Gallogly, Hillard M Lazarus, Brenda W Cooper
The development of FLT3-targeted inhibitors represents an important paradigm shift in the management of patients with highly aggressive fms-like tyrosine kinase 3-mutated (FLT3-mut) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Midostaurin is an orally administered type III tyrosine kinase inhibitor which in addition to FLT3 inhibits c-kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptors, src, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor. Midostaurin is the first FLT3 inhibitor that has been shown to significantly improve survival in younger patients with FLT3-mut AML when given in combination with standard cytotoxic chemotherapy based on the recently completed RATIFY study...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051802/radotinib-and-its-clinical-potential-in-chronic-phase-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-patients-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Ahmet Emre Eskazan, Dilek Keskin
Although imatinib has dramatically improved major outcomes in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), there are newer tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) approved worldwide for the treatment of resistant cases, and two second-generation TKIs (dasatinib, nilotinib) are approved in some nations for treating patients in the upfront setting. Radotinib (IY5511HCL, Supect® ) is a novel and selective second-generation BCR-ABL1 TKI, which is currently approved in Korea for the treatment of patients with CML both in the upfront and salvage settings...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811872/current-and-emerging-treatment-options-for-mantle-cell-lymphoma
#20
REVIEW
Bita Fakhri, Brad Kahl
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with typically aggressive behavior. The genetic signature is the chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32) resulting in overexpression of cyclin D1. Asymptomatic newly diagnosed MCL patients with low tumor burden can be closely observed, deferring therapy to the time of disease progression. Although MCL classically responds to upfront chemotherapy, it remains incurable with standard approaches. For patients in need of frontline therapy, the initial decision is whether to proceed with an intensive treatment strategy or a non-intensive treatment strategy...
August 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
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