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World Journal of Clinical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148069/polyubiquitination-inhibition-of-estrogen-receptor-alpha-and-its-implications-in-breast-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Angeles C Tecalco-Cruz, Josué O Ramírez-Jarquín
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) is detected in more than 70% of the cases of breast cancer. Nuclear activity of ERα, a transcriptional regulator, is linked to the development of mammary tumors, whereas the extranuclear activity of ERα is related to endocrine therapy resistance. ERα polyubiquitination is induced by the estradiol hormone, and also by selective estrogen receptor degraders, resulting in ERα degradation via the ubiquitin proteasome system. Moreover, polyubiquitination is related to the ERα transcription cycle, and some E3-ubiquitin ligases also function as coactivators for ERα...
August 13, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148068/quality-of-life-and-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-critical-appraisal-and-prospects
#2
EDITORIAL
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Rahul R Bhowate, Amol R Gadbail, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Quality of life (QoL) is a vital and often required health outcome measure that is relevant to patient care. A healthy oral cavity enables person to perform daily activities without any limitations. However, any disturbance may result in impaired QoL. The oral health-remains an essential element of people's health and well-being. In recent years, the tradition of clinical practice and research has been changed by incorporating QoL assessment, as it helps in assessment of patients' needs and monitoring treatment responses...
August 13, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900123/epitranscriptomics-of-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Marina Tusup, Thomas Kundig, Steve Pascolo
The functional impact of modifications of cellular RNAs, including mRNAs, miRNAs and lncRNAs, is a field of intense study. The role of such modifications in cancer has started to be elucidated. Diverse and sometimes opposite effects of RNA modifications have been reported. Some RNA modifications promote, while others decrease the growth and invasiveness of cancer. The present manuscript reviews the current knowledge on the potential impacts of N6-Methyladenosine, Pseudouridine, Inosine, 2'O-methylation or methylcytidine in cancer's RNA...
June 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651385/clinicopathological-predictors-of-long-term-benefit-in-breast-cancer-treated-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#4
Marco Galvez, Carlos A Castaneda, Joselyn Sanchez, Miluska Castillo, Lia Pamela Rebaza, Gabriela Calderon, Miguel De La Cruz, Jose Manuel Cotrina, Julio Abugattas, Jorge Dunstan, Henry Guerra, Omar Mejia, Henry L Gomez
AIM: To investigate the survival impact of clinicopathological factors, including pathological complete response (pCR) and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (sTIL) levels according to subtypes, in breast cancer (BC) patients who received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS: We evaluated 435 BC patients who presented and received NAC at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplasicas from 2003 to 2014. sTIL was analyzed as the proportion of tumor stroma occupied by lymphocytes, and was prospectively evaluated on hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections of the preNAC core biopsy...
April 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651384/cell-free-dna-integrity-for-the-monitoring-of-breast-cancer-future-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Navid Sobhani, Daniele Generali, Fabrizio Zanconati, Marina Bortul, Bruna Scaggiante
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer and the second cause of death in women worldwide. Therapeutic options are increasing, but the response to treatments is not always efficient and the risk of recurrence covers decades. In this perspective, the need to have a proper follow-up for the therapeutic responses and for anticipating recurrence it is urgent in the clinical setting. Liquid biopsy provides the basic principle for a non-invasive method for the routinely monitoring of BC. However, due to the heterogeneity of tumors during onset and progression, the search for tumor DNA mutations of targeted genes in plasma/serum is a limiting factor...
April 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468134/yttrium-90-microsphere-selective-internal-radiation-therapy-for-liver-metastases-following-systemic-chemotherapy-and-surgical-resection-for-metastatic-adrenocortical-carcinoma
#6
Mina S Makary, Lawrence S Krishner, Evan J Wuthrick, Mark P Bloomston, Joshua D Dowell
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy with generally poor outcomes and limited treatment options. While surgical resection can be curative for early local disease, most patients present with advanced ACC owing to nonspecific symptoms. For those patients, treatment options include systemic chemotherapy and locoregional therapies including radiofrequency ablation and transarterial chemoembolization. We present the first reported case of utilizing yttrium-90 microsphere selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) in combination with first line EDP-M (Etoposide, Doxorubicin, Cisplatin, Mitotane) chemotherapy and debulking surgical primary tumor resection for treatment of metastatic ACC...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468133/palliative-surgery-for-krukenberg-tumors-12-year-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Isaac Seow-En, Gwen Hwarng, Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Leonard Ming Li Ho, Melissa Ching Ching Teo
AIM: To determine the clinical characteristics of patients undergoing palliative surgery for Krukenberg tumors, including disease presentation, outcomes, and prognostic factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical study of all patients who underwent palliative surgery for Krukenberg tumors between January 2004 and December 2015. Patient information was obtained from inpatient and outpatient case notes as well as the hospital electronic records. Patients who underwent potentially curative resection, and patients with Krukenberg tumors who did not undergo surgery were also excluded from the study...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468132/does-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-elicit-superior-benefits-to-continuous-low-to-moderate-intensity-training-in-cancer-survivors
#8
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Katrina D DuBose, Desmond Yip, Paul Craft, Stuart Semple
AIM: To determine the impact of low volume high-intensity interval training (LVHIIT) and continuous low to moderate-intensity exercise training (CLMIT) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary cancer survivors ( n = 75, aged 51 ± 12 year) within 24 months of diagnosis, were randomised into three groups for 12 wk of LVHIIT ( n = 25), CLMIT ( n = 25) or control group ( n = 25). The exercise intervention involved 36 sessions (three sessions per week)...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291169/with-increasing-trends-of-prostate-cancer-in-the-saudi-arabia-and-arab-world-should-we-start-screening-programs
#9
REVIEW
Mostafa A Arafa, Danny M Rabah
Incidence rate for prostate cancer in the Arab World is significantly lower than United States and Europe, it ranges from 5.5% to 39.2%. However, the incidence and the number of deaths is expected to increase. In Saudi Arabia, the crude incidence rate and age standardized incidence rate of prostate cancer are reported to be steadily increasing in between 2001-2008. Only two screening trials were attempted in 2001 and 2009 which yielded an incidence rate of 1.17% and 2.5% respectively. Men in the Arab world are sharing a common characteristic of poor knowledge and poor attitude towards prostate cancer examination and screening practices...
December 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291168/metronomic-chemotherapy-for-non-metastatic-triple-negative-breast-cancer-selection-is-the-key
#10
REVIEW
Connie Rabanal, Rossana Ruiz, Silvia Neciosup, Henry Gomez
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for 15%-20% of all breast cancer, and is still defined as what it is not. Currently, TNBC is the only type of breast cancer for which there are no approved targeted therapies and maximum tolerated dose chemotherapy with taxanes and anthracycline-containing regimens is still the standard of care in both the neoadjuvant and adjuvant settings. In the last years, metronomic chemotherapy (MC) is being explored as an alternative to improve outcomes in TNBC. In the neoadjuvant setting, purely metronomic and hybrid approaches have been developed with the objective of increasing complete pathologic response (pCR) and prolonging disease free survival...
December 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291167/epidemic-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
REVIEW
Adnan Said, Aiman Ghufran
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) incidence is increasing worldwide, paralleling the obesity epidemic. Although most cases are associated with cirrhosis, HCC can occur without cirrhosis in NAFLD. Diabetes and obesity are associated risk factors for HCC in patients. Given the sheer magnitude of the underlying risk factors (diabetes, obesity, non-cirrhotic NAFLD) screening for HCC in the non-cirrhotic population is not recommended. Optimal screening strategies in NAFLD cirrhosis are not completely elucidated with Ultrasound having significant limitations in detection of liver lesions in the presence of obesity and steatosis...
December 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067280/charcot-marie-tooth-hereditary-neuropathy-revealed-after-administration-of-docetaxel-in-advanced-breast-cancer
#12
Hampig Raphael Kourie, Nicolas Mavroudakis, Philippe Aftimos, Martine Piccart
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) neuropathy is the most common hereditary cause of neuropathy. Diagnosis is usually not made during the childhood but in adolescence or late adulthood. It is reported in the literature that some neurotoxic chemotherapeutical agents can reveal an asymptomatic CMT IA hereditary neuropathy. To our knowledge, we report here the first case of CMT IA revealed in a 55-year-old woman after the administration of docetaxel/trastuzumab/pertuzumab for metastatic breast cancer. This case stresses again the necessity to obtain a complete personal and familial anamnesis and to perform a neurologic examination before the administration of neurotoxic chemotherapeutical agents to prevent the clinical expression of these hereditary neuropathies...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067279/first-report-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-pthrp-induced-hypercalcemic-pancreatitis-causing-disconnected-duct-syndrome
#13
Eric M Montminy, Stephen W Landreneau, Jordan J Karlitz
Here we report a patient diagnosed with small cell lung cancer after first presenting with parathyroid hormone-related peptide-induced hypercalcemic pancreatitis and developed walled-off necrosis that resulted in disruption of the main pancreatic duct. Disconnected duct syndrome (DDS) is a rare syndrome that occurs when the main pancreatic duct exocrine flow is disrupted resulting in leakage of pancreatic enzymes and further inflammatory sequela. To date, no prior reports have described DDS occurring with paraneoplastic reactions...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067278/prophylactic-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-in-stage-iv-low-rectal-cancer
#14
Hiroshi Tamura, Yoshifumi Shimada, Hitoshi Kameyama, Ryoma Yagi, Yosuke Tajima, Takuma Okamura, Mae Nakano, Masato Nakano, Masayuki Nagahashi, Jun Sakata, Takashi Kobayashi, Shin-Ichi Kosugi, Hitoshi Nogami, Satoshi Maruyama, Yasumasa Takii, Toshifumi Wakai
AIM: To assess the clinical significance of prophylactic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLND) in stage IV low rectal cancer. METHODS: We selected 71 consecutive stage IV low rectal cancer patients who underwent primary tumor resection, and enrolled 50 of these 71 patients without clinical LPLN metastasis. The patients had distant metastasis such as liver, lung, peritoneum, and paraaortic LN. Clinical LPLN metastasis was defined as LN with a maximum diameter of 10 mm or more on preoperative pelvic computed tomography scan...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067277/factors-influencing-response-to-ingenol-mebutate-therapy-for-actinic-keratosis-of-face-and-scalp
#15
Nevena Skroza, Ilaria Proietti, Nicoletta Bernardini, Veronica Balduzzi, Alessandra Mambrin, Anna Marchesiello, Ersilia Tolino, Sara Zuber, Giuseppe La Torre, Concetta Potenza
AIM: To determine factors independently influencing response to ingenol mebutate therapy and assess efficacy on clinical setting of non-hypertrophic non-hyperkeratotic actinic keratosis (AK). METHODS: Consecutive patients affected by non-hypertrophic non-hyperkeratotic AKs of the face or scalp were enrolled to receive ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel on a selected skin area of 25 cm2 for 3 consecutive days. Local skin reactions were calculated at each follow up visit using a validated composite score...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067276/characteristics-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-patients-hospitalized-with-myelodysplastic-syndrome-or-acute-myelogenous-leukemia
#16
Kamini Shah, Bryan F Curtin, Christopher Chu, Daniel Hwang, Mark H Flasar, Erik von Rosenvinge
AIM: To evaluate factors associated with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and outcomes of CDI in the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) population. METHODS: After IRB approval, all MDS/AML patients hospitalized at the University of Maryland Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center between August 2011 and December 2013 were identified. Medical charts were reviewed for demographics, clinical information, development of CDI, complications of CDI, and mortality...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067275/stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-a-review-and-future-directions
#17
REVIEW
Yusef A Syed, Ami K Patel-Yadav, Charlotte Rivers, Anurag K Singh
Prostate cancer affects over 200000 men annually in the United States alone. The role of conventionally fractionated external beam radiation therapy (RT) is well established as a treatment option for eligible prostate cancer patients; however, the use of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in this setting is less well defined. Within the past decade, there have been a number of studies investigating the feasibility of SBRT as a potential treatment option for prostate cancer patients. SBRT has been well studied in other disease sites, and the shortened treatment course would allow for greater convenience for patients...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067274/further-the-liquid-biopsy-gathering-pieces-of-the-puzzle-of-genometastasis-theory
#18
REVIEW
Ana García-Casas, Dolores C García-Olmo, Damián García-Olmo
Metastasis is the major cause of mortality in cancer disease and still constitutes one of the most controversial mechanism, not yet fully understood. What is almost beyond doubt is that circulatory system is crucial for cancer propagation. Regarding this system, much attention has been recently paid to liquid biopsy. This technique is aimed to detect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating nucleic acids so it can be used as a tool for diagnostic, prognostic and follow-up of patients. Whereas CTCs tend to be scarce in serum and plasma from cancer patient, abundant circulating nucleic acids can be detected in the same location...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848705/long-term-stabilization-of-metastatic-melanoma-with-sodium-dichloroacetate
#19
Akbar Khan, Doug Andrews, Jill Shainhouse, Anneke C Blackburn
Sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) has been studied as a metabolic cancer therapy since 2007, based on a publication from Bonnet et al demonstrating that DCA can induce apoptosis (programmed cell death) in human breast, lung and brain cancer cells. Classically, the response of cancer to a medical therapy in human research is measured by Response Evaluation Criterial for Solid Tumours definitions, which define "response" by the degree of tumour reduction, or tumour disappearance on imaging, however disease stabilization is also a beneficial clinical outcome...
August 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848704/intimal-sarcoma-of-the-pulmonary-artery-with-multiple-lung-metastases-long-term-survival-case
#20
Sonia García-Cabezas, Macarena Centeno-Haro, Simona Espejo-Pérez, Elvira Carmona-Asenjo, Alberto L Moreno-Vega, Rosa Ortega-Salas, Amalia Palacios-Eito
Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma (PAIS) is a rare tumor with a very poor prognosis. Clinical and radiological findings usually mimic thromboembolic disease, leading to diagnostic delays. The treatment of choice is surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy have limited results. We report the case of a 48-year-old male patient, initially suspected with pulmonary thromboembolism. The angio-CT revealed a filling defect in the pulmonary artery trunk. The patient underwent surgery, resulting in with complete resection of the mass with a diagnosis of PAIS...
August 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
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