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Robert A DeFilipps, Gary A Krupnick
A comprehensive compilation is provided of the medicinal plants of the Southeast Asian country of Myanmar (formerly Burma). This contribution, containing 123 families, 367 genera, and 472 species, was compiled from earlier treatments, monographs, books, and pamphlets, with some medicinal uses and preparations translated from Burmese to English. The entry for each species includes the Latin binomial, author(s), common Myanmar and English names, range, medicinal uses and preparations, and additional notes. Of the 472 species, 63 or 13% of them have been assessed for conservation status and are listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN 2017)...
2018: PhytoKeys
Ye Lwin Aung, Aye Thin Mu, Xiaohua Jin
Odontochilus putaoensis , a new species of Orchidaceae, is described and illustrated from Putao Township, Kachin State, Myanmar. Odontochilus putaoensis is close to O. duplex , but can be easily distinguished from the latter by having a light yellow lip, a bisaccate hypochile with a small, erect, blade-like and emarginate callus within each sac, a mesochile with a pair of dentate-pectinate flanges and a bilobed epichile with a pair of widely diverging lobes that are erect and concave. An identification key to the Southeast Asian species of Odontochilus and colour photographs of O...
2018: PhytoKeys
Jian-Wu Li, Yun-Hong Tan, Xi-Long Wang, Cheng-Wang Wang, Xiao-Hua Jin
Begonia medogensis JianW.Li, Y.H.Tan & X.H.Jin, a new species of Begoniaceae, is described and illustrated by colour photographs. Begonia medogensis is distributed in western China and northern Myanmar. It has erect stems, is tuberless, has many triangular to lanceolate leaves, base slightly asymmetric, margins remotely and irregularly denticulate; staminate flowers have 4 perianth segments, with outer 2 segments broadly ovate, inner 2 spathulate; pistillate flowers have 5 perianth segments, unequal, outer 4 broadly ovate, inner 1 spathulate...
2018: PhytoKeys
Juana De Egea Elsam, María Del Carmen Peña-Chocarro, Fátima Mereles, Gloria Céspedes
Manihot takape De Egea & Peña-Chocarro, sp. nov. is described and illustrated as a new species from the Paraguayan Chaco. It was collected while carrying out fieldwork related to the study of the most important Wild Crop Relatives of the country's flora. Morphological characteristics that differentiate this species from closely related taxa, as well as its habitat, geographical distribution and conservation status are provided.
2018: PhytoKeys
Marco O O Pellegrini
I present the first taxonomic revision for T. subg. Austrotradescantia, based on extensive field, cultivation and herbaria studies. I accept 13 species, three of them (i.e. T. atlantica , T. hertweckii and T. tucumanensis ) being described as new in the present study. I provide an identification key to the species, distribution maps, descriptions, comments, conservation assessments and illustrations for all species. The troublesome weed T. fluminensis has its specific limits clarified and its native range is presented so it can serve as a basis to better understanding its ecological requirements and to help control it throughout its invasive range...
2018: PhytoKeys
Wilawan Promprom, Wannachai Chatan, Peerapol Saisaard
Sindora stipitata , a new species in the subfamily Detarioideae (Leguminosae), collected from Nakhon Phanom Province, Thailand, is described and illustrated. The new species is morphologically similar to S. leiocarpa but differs in its smaller stature (3-5 m high), 6-foliolate paripinnate leaves, falcate persistent stipules, presence of a petal auricle, absence of a petal claw, stipitate ovary and capitate stigma. A key to the Thailand and Malesia species of Sindora is provided.
2018: PhytoKeys
Paul M Peterson, Robert J Soreng
Poa laegaardiana sp. nov. , is described and illustrated. The new species was found growing on sandy, volcanic soil in Festuca - Calamagrostis dominated grasslands southwest of Ambato and 2.2 km from Fecundo Vela in Provincia de Bolivar. The new species is morphologically similar to Poa gigantea but differs in having glumes 3/4 to 7/8 as long as the adjacent lemmas, a callus with a sparse, short, dorsal tuft of woolly hairs, culms 50-72 cm tall and spikelets 4.1-4.8 mm long. In addition, we include a key to the narrow-spikelike panicled species of Poa in Ecuador...
2018: PhytoKeys
Hongliang Chen, Ihsan A Al-Shehbaz, Jipei Yue, Hang Sun
As currently delimitated, the species-rich mustard tribe Euclidieae DC. (Brassicaceae) comprises 28 genera and 152 species distributed primarily in Asia. To date, no tribe-wide comprehensive phylogenetic analysis has been conducted. In this study, sequence data from the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (nrITS) region of 82 species in all 28 genera of Euclidieae were used to test its monophyly and infer inter- and intra-generic relationships within. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that Rhammatophyllum and Sisymbriopsis are embedded within Solms-laubachia s...
2018: PhytoKeys
Lilí Martínez-Domínguez, Fernando Nicolalde-Morejón, Francisco Vergara-Silva, Dennis Wm Stevenson
The genus Ceratozamia is revised for the Sierra Madre Oriental in Mexico. This region is one of the biogeographic areas with the greatest diversity of species in this genus. These species are highly variable morphologically and this variability has led to a complex taxonomic history with many synonyms, particularly with reference to C. mexicana . We present a comprehensive taxonomic revision with history of nomenclature and the morphology, relationships, distribution and use of these species. We also introduce a key for their identification, descriptions, full synonymy, nomenclatural notes, etymologies and neotypes as well as taxonomic comments describing relevant taxonomic changes...
2018: PhytoKeys
Rosa Del C Ortiz
A monograph of Curarea , a neotropical genus in the plant family Menispermaceae, is presented. Curarea is distinguished from related genera by the combination of staminate flowers with sepals in two whorls and pistillate flowers with three petals, three carpels and usually elongated carpophores bearing three sessile drupelets. Nine species are recognised, amongst them two new to science, C. gentryana from Ecuador and C. barnebyana , from Ecuador and Peru. Additionally, two new combinations, C. iquitana and C...
2018: PhytoKeys
W John Kress, Sandra Knapp, Pavel Stoev, Lyubomir Penev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: PhytoKeys
Yen Yen Sam, Halijah Ibrahim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: PhytoKeys
Sergei L Mosyakin, Peter J de Lange
A rational taxonomic circumscription of genera in tribe Anemoneae (Ranunculaceae) is briefly discussed. It is concluded that, in view of the morphological diversity of the group and recent molecular phylogenetic findings, a moderately narrow approach to the re-circumscription of genera earlier included in Anemone sensu lato is preferable, in particular, with the recognition of the lineage with the base chromosome number x = 7 (Anemone subgen. Anemonidium) as two genera, Hepatica sensu stricto and Anemonastrum in an expanded circumscription (including Anemonidium , Arsenjevia , Jurtsevia , and Tamuria )...
2018: PhytoKeys
Shuwan Li, Mengqi Han, Xiaojie Li, Zhenyu Li, Xiaoguo Xiang
The limestone areas in south China are a major biodiversity hotspot for terrestrial biomes. Hemiboea , with 34 species and 5 varieties, mainly distributed in south China, is one of the characteristic plant groups in limestone areas. Hemiboea suiyangensis , a new species of Gesneriaceae from limestone areas in Guizhou, China, is described and illustrated. The new species is easily distinguished from other Hemiboea species by having an oblique-infundibular corolla with an abaxially gibbous swelling on the upper half of the tube and with a densely villose throat and lower lobes...
2018: PhytoKeys
Charles H Stirton, Abubakar Bello, A Muthama Muasya
Psoralea forbesiae C.H.Stirt., A.Bello & Muasya is a new species of Psoraleeae, Fabaceae. Psoralea forbesiae is endemic to the Swartberg Mountains and is a tall densely branched re-sprouting shrub up to 2.5 m, with bluish-green stems and with most parts covered in small crater-like glands, leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, linear-oblong, pale bluish-green, semi-conduplicate, somewhat succulent, glabrous, crowded at the end of bare branches on older stems or distributed along short branches on young shoots, petiolate...
2018: PhytoKeys
Nicácio Ribeiro Neto, Raquel Aparecida Ronqui, Letícia Chedid Seidinger, Renata Giassi Udulutsch
Climbers are an important life form in the understory and canopy of tropical forests. They are characterised by constant root connection to the ground and use of other species, mainly trees, as support in their search for higher light. In addition, they have an important role in ecological succession in forest clearings, as they are able to develop rapidly in these environments. Climbers can have high species richness in the biomes in which they are present. Since climbers are of little economic importance, they are usually cut down without regard for their contribution to maintenance of biodiversity and to the structure of the forest...
2018: PhytoKeys
Petra De Block, Franck Rakotonasolo, Salvator Ntore, Sylvain G Razafimandimbison, Steven Janssens
The taxonomic positions and phylogenetic relationships of six Pavetteae species endemic to Madagascar were tested with a phylogenetic study of the Afro-Madagascan representatives of the tribe Pavetteae based on sequence data from six markers rps16 , trnT-F , petD , accD - psa1 , PI and ITS. The six species were resolved into four well-supported and morphologically distinct clades which we here formally recognise at generic level. The new genera are the monospecific Exallosperma and Pseudocoptosperma , each with a single species, and Helictosperma and Tulearia , each with two species...
2018: PhytoKeys
Ying Wang, Wen Ma, Shoubiao Zhou, Kun Liu
A new species of Lysimachia (Primulaceae), Lysimachia tianmaensis K. Liu, S.B. Zhou & Ying Wang sp. nov. , is described and illustrated from Jinzhai County, Anhui, China. It is endemic to Dabieshan Mountain, China. The new species has yellow flowers and belongs to the subgenus Lysimachia section Nummularia series Grammicae . It is very easily distinguishable from other related species by having alternate leaves with brown patches beneath and an auriculated leaf base.
2018: PhytoKeys
Shunan Cao, Fang Zhang, Hongyuan Zheng, Chuanpeng Liu, Fang Peng, Qiming Zhou
The single celled green alga Coccomyxa antarctica Shunan Cao & Qiming Zhou, sp. nov. was isolated from the Antarctic torrential lichen Usnea aurantiacoatra (Jacq.) Bory. It is described and illustrated based on a comprehensive study of its morphology, ultrastructure, ecology and phylogeny. C. antarctica is a lichenicolous alga which has elongated cells and contains a parietal chloroplast as observed under the microscope. C. antarctica is clearly different from other species by phylogenetic analysis (ITS rDNA and SSU rDNA sequences), also it differs from its phylogenetic closely species C...
2018: PhytoKeys
Abdul Rahman Ummul-Nazrah, Mohd Amin Mohd Hairul, Imin Kamin, Ruth Kiew, Poh Teck Ong
Vatica najibiana Ummul-Nazrah (Dipterocarpaceae), from the Relai Forest Reserve, Gua Musang, Kelantan and Gua Tanggang, Merapoh, Pahang, is described and illustrated. This species is Endangered and known from small populations restricted to two isolated karst limestone hills. The type locality, Relai Forest Reserve limestone, is currently under threat from encroaching oil palm plantations and ongoing logging, which, if it continues, will threaten the Kelantan population with extinction. The morphology of V...
2018: PhytoKeys
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