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World Journal of Diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765510/correlation-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-sleep-apnea
#1
REVIEW
Alejandro Castaneda, Edgar Jauregui-Maldonado, Iqbal Ratnani, Joseph Varon, Salim Surani
The so-called "metabolic syndrome" (MS), constitutes a cluster of metabolic and cardiovascular abnormalities, including fasting glucose, blood pressure, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and waist circumference that arise from insulin resistance. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway, involving cessation or significant decreased airflow, with intermittent hypoxemia, frequent arousals from sleep and recurrent oxyhemoglobin desaturations that interfere with normal sleep patterns generating difficulty falling asleep, unrefreshing sleep and loud snoring...
April 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607003/patients-with-type-2-diabetes-demonstrate-proprioceptive-deficit-in-the-knee
#2
Lucas Richard Ettinger, Ami Boucher, Elisabeth Simonovich
AIM: To investigate proprioceptive discrepancies in the lower extremity in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 46 older persons were divided into a T2DM group ( n = 23) and a control group who did not have T2DM ( n = 23). Participants were given a brief warm up with stretching exercises. Diabetic neuropathy scores were collected prior to proprioceptive testing. For proprioceptive testing, participants performed leg extensions to randomized target positions of 15°, 30°, 45, 60° degrees of elevation in the sagittal plane, each target was repeated a total of four times...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531640/blood-glucose-changes-surrounding-initiation-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-and-conventional-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-veterans-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Patrick R Wood, Evan Manning, Joshua F Baker, Bryant England, Lisa Davis, Grant W Cannon, Ted R Mikuls, Liron Caplan
AIM: To determine the scope of acute hypoglycemic effects for certain anti-rheumatic medications in a large retrospective observational study. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Rheumatoid Arthritis (VARA) registry were selected who, during follow-up, initiated treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi's, including etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab, golimumab, or certolizumab), prednisone, or conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and for whom proximate random blood glucose (RBG) measurements were available within a window 2-wk prior to, and 6 mo following, medication initiation...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359028/association-of-obesity-with-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-india-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#4
Giridhara R Babu, G V S Murthy, Yamuna Ana, Prital Patel, R Deepa, Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Sanjay Kinra, K Srinath Reddy
AIM: To perform a meta-analysis of the association of obesity with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in India among adults. METHODS: To conduct meta-analysis, we performed comprehensive, electronic literature search in the PubMed, CINAHL Plus, and Google Scholar. We restricted the analysis to studies with documentation of some measure of obesity namely; body mass index, waist-hip ratio, waist circumference and diagnosis of hypertension or diagnosis of T2DM...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359027/heart-rate-is-an-independent-predictor-of-all-cause-mortality-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-the-diabetes-heart-study
#5
Sameer Prasada, Cameron Oswalt, Phyllis Yeboah, Georgia Saylor, Donald Bowden, Joseph Yeboah
AIM: To assess the association of resting heart rate with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in the Diabetes Heart Study (DHS). METHODS: Out of a total of 1443 participants recruited into the DHS, 1315 participants with type 2 diabetes who were free of atrial fibrillation and supraventricular tachycardia during the baseline exam were included in this analysis. Heart rate was collected from baseline resting electrocardiogram and mortality (all-cause and CVD) was obtained from state and national death registry...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359026/short-term-effects-of-obestatin-on-hexose-uptake-and-triacylglycerol-breakdown-in-human-subcutaneous-adipocytes
#6
Christian Carpéné, Francisco Les, David Estève, Jean Galitzky
AIM: To study complete dose-dependent effects of obestatin on lipolytic and glucose transport activities in human adipocyte preparations highly responsive to insulin. METHODS: Adipocytes were prepared by liberase digestion from subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue obtained from overweight subjects undergoing plastic surgery. The index of lipolytic activity was the glycerol released in the incubation medium, while glucose transport was assessed by [3 H]-2-deoxyglucose uptake assay...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359025/cardiac-autonomic-neuropathy-risk-factors-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Victoria A Serhiyenko, Alexandr A Serhiyenko
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) that is strongly associated with approximately five-fold increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. CAN manifests in a spectrum of things, ranging from resting tachycardia and fixed heart rate (HR) to development of "silent" myocardial infarction. Clinical correlates or risk markers for CAN are age, DM duration, glycemic control, hypertension, and dyslipidemia (DLP), development of other microvascular complications...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290922/gestational-diabetes-from-a-to-z
#8
REVIEW
AbdelHameed Mirghani Dirar, John Doupis
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of hyperglycaemia that is recognized for the first time during pregnancy. This definition includes cases of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) identified early in pregnancy and true GDM which develops later. GDM constitutes a greater impact on diabetes epidemic as it carries a major risk of developing T2DM to the mother and foetus later in life. In addition, GDM has also been linked with cardiometabolic risk factors such as lipid abnormalities, hypertensive disorders and hyperinsulinemia...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290921/gut-brain-crosstalk-regulates-craving-for-fatty-food
#9
REVIEW
Rajendra Raghow
Patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery elicit striking loss of body weight. Anatomical re-structuring of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, leading to reduced caloric intake and changes in food preference, are thought to be the primary drivers of weight loss in bariatric surgery patients. However, the mechanisms by which RYGB surgery causes a reduced preference for fatty foods remain elusive. In a recent report, Hankir et al described how RYGB surgery modulated lipid nutrient signals in the intestine of rats to blunt their craving for fatty food...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204256/reproductive-disturbances-among-saudi-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Rim Braham, Asirvatham Alwin Robert, Maha Ali Musallam, Abdulaziz Alanazi, Nawaf Bin Swedan, Mohamed Abdulaziz Al Dawish
AIM: To identify reproductive disturbances among adolescent girls and young women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted among 102 female with T1DM, (aged 13-29 years) who attended the Diabetes Clinic at Diabetes Treatment Center, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Saudi Arabia between April 2015 to March 2016. Clinical history, anthropometric characteristics and reproductive disturbance were collected through a questionnaire...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204255/bariatric-surgery-and-long-term-nutritional-issues
#11
REVIEW
Roberta Lupoli, Erminia Lembo, Gennaro Saldalamacchia, Claudia Kesia Avola, Luigi Angrisani, Brunella Capaldo
Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085572/neutral-protamine-hagedorn-regular-insulin-in-the-treatment-of-inpatient-hyperglycemia-comparison-of-3-basal-bolus-regimens
#12
Dania Lizet Quintanilla-Flores, José Gerardo González-González, Guillermo García-De la Cruz, Héctor Eloy Tamez-Pérez
AIM: To compare the safety and efficacy or 3 basal-bolus regimens of neutral protamine hagedorn (NPH)/regular insulin in the management of inpatient hyperglycemia. METHODS: We randomized 105 patients with blood glucose levels between 140 and 400 mg/dL to a basal-bolus regimen of NPH insulin given once ( n = 30), twice ( n = 40) or three times ( n = 35) daily, in addition to pre-meal regular insulin. Major outcomes included were differences in glycemic control, frequency of hypoglycemia and total insulin dose...
October 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085571/assessing-the-evidence-for-weight-loss-strategies-in-people-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
Peter Clifton
This review will examine topical issues in weight loss and weight maintenance in people with and without diabetes. A high protein, low glycemic index diet would appear to be best for 12-mo weight maintenance in people without type 2 diabetes. This dietary pattern is currently being explored in a large prevention of diabetes intervention. Intermittent energy restriction is useful but no better than daily energy restriction but there needs to be larger and longer term trials performed. There appears to be no evidence that intermittent fasting or intermittent severe energy restriction has a metabolic benefit beyond the weight loss produced and does not spare lean mass compared with daily energy restriction...
October 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989570/eye-and-foot-checks-in-patients-with-diabetes-on-haemodialysis-are-they-done-and-who-does-them
#14
Nadira Bibi Mothojakan, Shazia Hussain, Kieran McCafferty, Mohammed Magdi Yaqoob, Tahseen Ahmad Chowdhury
AIM: To determine if retinal and foot checks are carried out on patients with diabetes receiving haemodialysis. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with diabetes receiving haemodialysis were asked if they recalled having eye and foot screening in the last year, and if so, by whom was the check done. RESULTS: Seventy-seven (91.7%) patients recalled having an eye check in the preceding 12 mo. Of these, 52 (67.5%) did so in an ophthalmology clinic, 17 (22%) in retinal screening, three (3...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989569/clinical-profile-of-diabetes-at-diagnosis-among-children-and-adolescents-at-an-endocrine-clinic-in-ghana
#15
Emmanuel Ameyaw, Serwah B Asafo-Agyei, Sumithira Thavapalan, Angela C Middlehurst, Graham D Ogle
AIM: To determine the clinical features of diabetes in children and adolescents in Ghana. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical features of all children and adolescents with new-onset diabetes seen at the paediatric endocrinology clinic of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, from February 2012 to Auguest 2016. RESULTS: One hundred and six subjects presented with diabetes. Ninety (84.9%) were diagnosed by clinical features and family history as type 1, and 16 (15...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989568/expression-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-11-is-increased-under-conditions-of-insulin-resistance
#16
Biagio Arcidiacono, Eusebio Chiefari, Anna Elisa Laria, Sebastiano Messineo, Francesco Luciano Bilotta, Domenico Britti, Daniela Patrizia Foti, Anna Foryst-Ludwig, Ulrich Kintscher, Antonio Brunetti
AIM: To investigate matrix metalloproteinase-11 (MMP-11) expression in adipose tissue dysfunction, using in vitro and in vivo models of insulin resistance. METHODS: Culture of mouse 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were induced to differentiation into mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Cellular insulin resistance was induced by treating differentiated cultured adipocytes with hypoxia and/or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and transcriptional changes were analyzed in each condition thereafter...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861179/impact-on-dietary-intake-of-a-self-directed-gender-tailored-diabetes-prevention-program-in-men
#17
Megan E Rollo, Elroy J Aguiar, Kirrilly M Pursey, Philip J Morgan, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Myles D Young, Clare E Collins, Robin Callister
AIM: To investigate changes in dietary intake following a 6-mo randomised controlled trial of the self-directed, gender-tailored type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Prevention Using LifeStyle Education (PULSE) program in men. METHODS: Men aged 18-65 years, with a body mass index (BMI) 25-40 kg/m(2), and at high risk for developing T2DM were recruited from the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. Eligible participants were randomised into one of two groups: (1) waitlist control; or (2) PULSE intervention...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861178/clinico-epidemiological-factors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Azra Mamaghanian, Seyed Morteza Shamshirgaran, Nayyereh Aiminisani, Akbar Aliasgarzadeh
AIM: To investigate the quality of life (QOL) and its clinical and epidemiological correlates among people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tabriz, Northwest of Iran, including a total of 394 people with type 2 diabetes using convenient sampling method from November 2014 to March 2015. General information including demographic, socioeconomic status and lifestyle factors were collected by trained interviewers. Clinical information was retrieved from clinic's record and QOL was assessed using the 26-item WHOQOL-BRIFE questionnaire...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861177/age-dependent-changes-in-the-association-between-sleep-duration-and-impaired-glucose-metabolism
#19
Kei Nakajima, Kaname Suwa, Kenji Toyama
AIM: To investigate whether the association between sleep duration and impaired glucose metabolism varies among younger and older populations. METHODS: We reviewed data of self-reported habitual sleep duration per night, HbA1c levels, and clinically relevant factors in a cross-sectional checkup database of 75472 Japanese from the general population aged 20-79 years (51695 men and 23777 women). Associations of prediabetes (HbA1c ≥ 5.7% and/or diabetic pharmacotherapy) or diabetes (HbA1c ≥ 6...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861176/prevalence-of-obesity-and-diabetes-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#20
Aniyizhai Annamalai, Urska Kosir, Cenk Tek
AIM: To compare the prevalence of diabetes in patients with schizophrenia treated at a community mental health center with controls in the same metropolitan area and to examine the effect of antipsychotic exposure on diabetes prevalence in schizophrenia patients. METHODS: The study was a comprehensive chart review of psychiatric notes of patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder treated at a psychosis program in a community mental health center. Data collected included psychiatric diagnoses, diabetes mellitus diagnosis, medications, allergies, primary care status, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), substance use and mental status exam...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
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