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Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences

Rashmi G S Phulari, Rajendrasinh Rathore, Trupti Talegaon, Prachi Jariwala
Background: Sexual identification of immature skeletal remains is still a difficult problem to solve in forensic anthropology. In such situations, the odontometric features of the teeth can be of immense help. Teeth, being the hardest and chemically the most stable tissue in the body, are an excellent material in living and nonliving populations for anthropological, genetic, odontologic, and forensic investigations. Using tooth size standards, whenever it is possible to predict the sex, identification is made easier because then only missing persons of one sex need to be considered...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ramniwas M Kumawat, Sarika L Dindgire, Mangesh Gadhari, Pratima G Khobragade, Priyanka S Kadoo, Pradeep Yadav
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of mandibular canine index (MCI) and mandibular mesiodistal odontometrics in sex identification in the age group of 17-25 years in central Indian population. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised total 300 individuals (150 males and 150 females) of an age group ranging from 17 to 25 years of central Indian population. The maximum mesiodistal diameter of mandibular canines, the linear distance between the tips of mandibular canines, was measured using digital vernier caliper on the study models...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Vanita Rathod, Veena Desai, Siddharth Pundir, Sudhanshu Dixit, Rashmi Chandraker
Objectives: The aim of present study is to analyze assess the awareness about forensic odontology among dental practitioners in center part of India. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 100 dental practitioners in Bhilai-Durg and data was collected by means of a questionnaire. Results: About 30% of dental practitioners not maintain dental records in their clinic, 70% maintained dental records. Nearly, 60% dental practitioners use the appropriate method for diagnosis, while rest are not...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Manisha Jakhar, Vaishali Shende, Raj Kumar Maurya, Narinder Kumar, Mamta Malik, Sanjeev Laller
Background: Tooth is the hardest and chemically (except mineral contents) the most stable structure in the body, which makes teeth as the first-rate material for genetic and forensic investigations. Sex determination of skeletal remains forms an important part of archaeological and medicolegal examinations. Hence, the aim of the present study was to analyse the morphometric and dimensional variation between male and female in north Indian population using maxillary arch parameters. Materials and Methods: Fifty male and fifty female patients of age group 18-35 years were randomly selected after taking detail history...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Aman Chowdhry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ashwin Devasya, Mythri Sarpangala
Transposition is an exchange of positions of two adjacent teeth. This is a condition with an incidence of 0.33%. Etiology is multifactorial; genetic influence is the most supported cause. Dental transposition is a multifactorial condition. While transposition of tooth germ is the rarest condition, this helps in identification of a person in mass casualties due to any disaster, or crimes, fraud. The present case is an incidence of incomplete transposition of right mandibular permanent second molar tooth germ, causing resorption of the roots of permanent first molar with possible loss of that tooth, which is a unique presentation...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Preeti Sharma, Vijay Wadhwan, S M Ravi Prakash, Pooja Aggarwal, Neeraj Sharma
Aims and Objectives: Evaluation of biological age of a living subject around the legal cutoff age for adulthood has become a grave concern for forensic experts in India, mainly due to the consequences of criminal obligations in judicial proceedings. Thus, this study was planned to examine the open apices of third molars in discriminating between individuals who are aged 18 years or older and who are not 18 years or older and to assign a cutoff for estimation of the age of 18 years. Materials and Methods: Orthopantomographs of 1062 individuals (14 and 23 years) were assessed, to verify Cameriere's third molar maturity index (I3M)...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Giedrė Trakiniene, Antanas Šidlauskas, Vilma Švalkauskienė, Dalia Smailienė, Julija Urbonė
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of linear measurements of the lower third and second molar crowns in the digital panoramic radiographs and to compare them with plaster models as the calibration standard. Materials and Methods: The digital panoramic radiographs and plaster models of the orthodontic patients were used in the study. Standardized metal calibration gauges (MCGs) were bonded to the buccal surface of the lower molars bilaterally...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Manu Rastogi, Ajay Logani, Naseem Shah, Abhishek Kumar, Saurabh Arora
Background: Age estimation in living individuals is imperative to amicably settle civil and criminal disputes. A biochemical method based on amino acid racemization was evaluated for age estimation of living Indian individuals. Design: Caries-free maxillary/mandibular premolar teeth (n = 90) were collected from participants with age proof documents and divided into predefined nine age groups. Materials and Methods: Dentine biopsy from the labial aspect of the tooth crown was taken with an indigenously developed microtrephine...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Surbhi Wadhwani, Pushparaja Shetty, S V Sreelatha
Introduction: With time, an increase in the number of crimes, mass disasters, and wars, has led to the identification of the deceased or assailant critical. In such circumstances, antemortem dental records play a crucial role. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey involved 95 dentists practicing in and around Mangalore. The structured questionnaire comprised 24 questions regarding the practice of maintenance of dental records. The questionnaire was given either personally or sent by post...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Shaini Basheer, Divya Gopinath, P M Shameena, S Sudha, J Dhana Lakshmi, Litha
Context: With the ever-changing field of criminal justice, the constant revision of criteria for acceptable evidence by the judiciary poses new challenges in forensic investigation. The applicability of cheiloscopy in individual identification is an area of extensive research in recent years. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the distribution of different lip print patterns in North Kerala population, to assess any sexual dimorphism in lip patterns, and to correlate lip print patterns with ABO and Rh blood groups...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ravi Kumar Thetakala, B R Chandrashekar, Siddanna Sunitha, Priyanka Sharma
Aims: The aim of this study is to assess the quantum of articles published by various dental specialties in a National and an International Forensic Odontology Journal from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014. Settings and Design: The present study is a 5-year retrospective content analysis study. Subjects and Methods: Data were collected from two forensic odontology journals (Journal of Forensic Odonto Stomatology [JOFS] and Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences [JFDS]) which are subscribed by institutional library...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Laboni Ghorai, M L Asha, J Lekshmy, Basetty Neelakantam Rajarathnam, H M Mahesh Kumar
Background: Morphological variations of the orbital aperture measurements may be used in forensic medicine as a parameter for determining sexual and ethnic identity of an individual. Aim and Objective: The aim and objective of this study was to evaluate the orbital aperture dimensions in Indian individuals and verify their relationship with gender. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using digital posteroanterior view radiographs of 50 males and 51 females, which were taken using NEWTOM GIANO-CEFLA SC machine (81 kVp, 10 mA, and 6...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Neha Gandhi, Sandeep Jain, Harkiranjot Kahlon, Arshdeep Singh, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Akanksha Gaur
Background: Forensic odontology is basically the science dealing with establishing identity by teeth and has played an important, often crucial, role in the identification of victims of mass disasters. Among all teeth, the mandibular canines are found to exhibit greatest sexual dimorphism. Hence, this study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of mandibular canine index (MCI) in the determination of sex. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 62 subjects (31 males, 31 females)...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Anshul Chugh, Anumeha Narwal
Forensic odontology is the branch of dentistry which deals with the proper handling, examination, evaluation and presentation of dental findings in the interest of justice. After major disasters and perimortem assaults such as earthquakes, fires, severe head and neck trauma or gross decomposition, accurate and early identification of dead and injured becomes important. In the absence of other records in such cases, identification is based on restorations, missing teeth and prosthetic devices such as partial and complete removable/fixed prosthesis or implant retained devices...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Prahlad Gadicherla, Divya Saini, Milana Bhaskar
BACKGROUND: Palatal rugoscopy, or palatoscopy, is the process by which human identification can be obtained by inspecting the transverse palatal rugae inside the mouth. AIM: The aim of the study is to investigate the potential of using palatal rugae as an aid for sex identification in Bengaluru population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred plaster casts equally distributed between males and females belonging to age range of 4-16 years were examined for different rugae patterns...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shakira Choudhary, Shankargouda Patil, Rahul Anand, Himadri Vyas
CONTEXT: Forensic odontology plays a pivotal role in the identification of victims in mass disasters with the help of "Preserved dental records" available with the general dental practitioners (GDPs). However, the status of such dental records of forensic importance has not been studied extensively. AIM: To study the current status of awareness and practice of dental record maintenance by GDPs of Pune. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 randomly selected GDPs from Pune...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Vineetha Christopher, Sarvani Murthy, S R Ashwinirani, Kulkarni Prasad, Suragimath Girish, Shashikanth Patil Vinit
BACKGROUND: We know that teeth trouble us a lot when we are alive, but they last longer for thousands of years even after we are dead. Teeth being the strongest and resistant structure are the most significant tool in forensic investigations. Patterns of enamel rod end on the tooth surface are known as tooth prints. AIM: This study is aimed to know whether these tooth prints can become a forensic tool in personal identification such as finger prints. A study has been targeted toward the same...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sanda Usha Rani, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Dumpala Rakesh Kumar, Taneeru Sravya, Yeluri Sivaranjani, Manchikatla Praveen Kumar
BACKGROUND: Age and sex determinations are important tools in forensic odontology which help in the identification of an individual. Radiographic method of sex and age estimation is a noninvasive simple technique. Measurements of the maxillary sinuses can be used for the estimation of age and gender when other methods are inconclusive. Maxillary sinus dimensions were used as an important tool in the identification of unknown. AIM: This study aims to estimate age and sex using the dimensions and volume of the maxillary sinus in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Tibin Kaithappillil Baby, Priya Thomas, Jayanthi Palani, Rekha Krishna Pillai, Bindhu Pushparajan Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Barr body is formed from random inactivation and condensation of one of the two female chromosomes in virtually all the somatic cells of female mammals. Buccal smears have been reported to be potential sources of Barr bodies. AIM: This study was done to assess the efficacy of acriflavine (AF) Schiff and Papanicolaou (PAP) stains in sex determination by identifying Barr bodies in buccal smears of both sexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two samples of buccal smears, collected from thirty males and thirty females in the age group of 16-60 years were used to demonstrate Barr bodies using AF Schiff and PAP stains, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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