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Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences

Jayakumar Jayaraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Emilio Nuzzolese
Unidentified human remains require the complete collection of data during the autopsy stage to achieve, even belatedly, a positive identification. The very large number of people reported as missing in Italy (36,902) may represent an obstacle in the investigative process leading to the potential identity of the corpse, considering that 76.98% are foreigners. Add to this, the high number (1868) of "unidentified corpses" yet to be identified. A single case of a skeletonized corpse, listed in the list of nameless bodies is presented, with particular attention to odontology assessment...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sinthia Bhagat, Vineeta Gupta, Nutan Tyagi, Ettishree Sharma, Sonia Gupta, Mohit Dadu
Introduction: Bite-mark analysis has proven its advantage as an important forensic tool in the past but also has a few limitations to it. To enhance its utility in forensic odontology in this study we have coupled it with Berry's Index (BI) which is an index used to select anterior teeth in prosthetic practice. Aims and Objectives: This study was attempted to analyze the applicability of BI in identifying an individual. Materials and Methods: This study was directed among 300 individuals with ages ranging between 19 and 30 years...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Jagadish Hosmani, Nikita Bhujang Gadekar, Vijayalakshmi S Kotrashetti, Ramakant Nayak, Deepa Babji, Sudhir Mishra
Introduction: Palatoscopy is the study of palatal rugae pattern to establish the identity of a person. The palatal rugae are permanent and unique to each person and can establish identity through discrimination (via casts, tracings, or digitized rugae patterns). In addition, rugae pattern may be specific to racial groups facilitating population identification (which may require postdisasters). Hence, they can be used in postmortem identification provided an antemortem record exists. Aim: To determine the palatal rugae pattern and to assess the predominant palatal rugae pattern in Indian and Tibetan (in Mundgod Taluka, Karnataka) populations...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sivagami Muthukrishnan, Malathi Narasimhan, Sampath Kumar Paranthaman, Thamizhchelvan Hari, Pushpa Viswanathan, Sharada T Rajan
Background: Estimation of time since death is an important parameter in forensic science. Although there are various methods available, precise estimation is still to be established. Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the histological and ultrastructural changes in the gingival tissue along with the changes in electrolyte levels (sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium) among the three groups which included normal, 2, and 4 h since death. Materials and Methods: For light microscopic examination and electrolyte analysis, five normal gingival tissue samples were collected from patient following impaction procedure and five gingival tissue samples were obtained from postmortem specimen at 2 and 4 h since death...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Deepti Sharma, George Koshy, Amandeep Pabla, Sanchita Garg, Manveer Singh
Introduction: The prime objective of the subsequent investigation is to ascertain the identity of an individual by the evaluation of evidence and facts relevant to crime or disaster. The whole process revolves around the correct interpretation of the facts, reconstruction, and comprehension of the sequence of events and thus single evidence forms a very important piece of information. In most of the countries including India, forensic medical, and dental evaluation at the crime scene are performed by police officials as medical and dental experts are rarely involved as first responders...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Kavitaa Nedunchezhian, Nalini Aswath, Valarmathi Srinivasan
Aim: To estimate the age of the individual from radicular dentine transparency and to derive a formula suitable for age estimation in the Indian population, using radicular dentine transparency. Materials and Methods: Seventy teeth samples of known age were collected from patients belonging to different age groups ranging from 11 to 80 years whose teeth were extracted for various therapeutic purposes. The samples were grouped from A to G according to their age, each group consisting of 10 teeth samples...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ibrahim Alayan, Mohammed S Aldossary, Ario Santini
Objective: The present study aims to validate the efficacy of age assessment by the Brothwell tooth wear chart, uniquely using skulls of recorded known age at death. Materials and Methods: Fifty Chinese skulls, of known age recorded at death, ranging from 16 to 62 years, were used. All the skulls were anonymized laid out, numbered 1-50, and using randomized tables. A 70-mm, ×3 magnification glass with light (Rolson, Ruscombe, Twyford, Berkshire, United Kingdom) was used to evaluate tooth wear patterns, and the age assessed using newly devised "age calculator" based on the Brothwell Chart...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sakher AlQahtani, Ivana Čuković Bagić, Scheila Manica, Evi Untoro, John Rosie, Emilio Nuzzolese
The dentists' main job is to restore health and function to the oral cavity. However, dental professionals can also be involved in medico legal activities as forensic odontologists or by being Expert Witnesses (EW) to testify in professional liability cases, car accidents and work-related injuries. When called to act as an expert witness by the Court, the appointed dentist has to combine both biological and technical knowledge with equivalent medico-legal and forensic knowledge. Spontaneous involvement in medico-legal matters without an adequate training and experience can lead to mistakes with irreversible consequences...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
S Karthika Nagarajan
Children should be given the privilege to mature in a loving, supportive family environment that promotes the development of an individual to his/her full potential. The abuse and neglect of children is a problem that pervades all segments of society. Dentists/forensic odontologists are in a strategic position to recognize mistreated children. While the detection of dental care neglect is an obvious responsibility for dentists, other types of child abuse and neglect also may present themselves in the dental office...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sofia Gouse, Shyamala Karnam, H C Girish, Sanjay Murgod
Forensic photography is an indispensable tool in modern forensic odontological protocol which aids in investigative procedures, maintenance of archival data, and to provide evidence that can supplement medico legal issues in court. Proper selection and implementation of the appropriate photography and computer equipment combined with necessary training and correct workflow patterns make incorporating photography into the field of forensics, an easily obtainable goal. The role of the forensic photographer is crucial, as a good skill in photography with updated knowledge of the mechanics and techniques involved is required for proper documentation of evidence...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Parul Khare Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Vaishali Vasant Koranne, Amit A Mhapuskar, Swati P Marathe, Sameer A Joshi, Rashmi S Saddiwal, Shams Ul Nisa
Background: Age estimation from tooth coronal index (TCI) using intraoral periapical radiographs by paralleling technique based on a reduction in the size of the dental pulp cavity with advancing age as a result of secondary dentin deposition. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to estimate age for Indian adults using radiographs of mandibular first molar and second premolar teeth using coronal pulp cavity index. Materials and Methods: The study material consists of 400 intraoral periapical radiographs of mandibular second premolar and mandibular first molar from enrolled participants of either gender in the age group of 20-60 years...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Qutsia Tabasum, Jagmahender Singh Sehrawat, Manjit Kaur Talwar, Raj Kamal Pathak
Background: Different dental features have contributed significantly toward sex determination in the forensic anthropological contexts. Population-specific standards (discriminant functions or regression formulae) have been suggested for various population groups to identify the sex of an unknown individual from dental dimensions and other odontometric features. The main purpose of the present investigation was to examine the degree of sexual dimorphism exhibited by the human teeth of North Indians and identify importance as a forensic tool in sex determination...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Rashmi G S Phulari, Rajendrasinh S Rathore, Prachi Nitin Jariwala, Aalap D Kapuriya, Arpan K Shah
Introduction: The use of denture labels for the purpose of identification has been well documented. A number of labels for marking the denture are documented till date demonstrating the ease of fabrication and its potential value in identification. Therefore, it becomes essential that these denture labels fulfill the requisites of an ideal denture label and thus should be able to sustain the various assaults to which they might be subjected simulating a crime scene. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the ability of various denture labels to withstand different types of assaults thereby evaluating the performance of routinely used denture labels...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sandipamu Thabitha Rani
Background: Teeth morphology varies among different population groups as they are exposed to various environmental conditions. Teeth being the most stable and hard tissue, human identification can be made when the other tissues are unavailable. Odontometric analysis can be considered for anthropological and forensic investigations. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the reliability of odontometric mesiodistal (MD) width dimensions and indices in sexual dimorphism among Nalgonda population...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Renjith George, Wesley Joel Tan, Agnes Liong Shih Yi, Preethy Mary Donald
Context: Type of dentition and age related changes may affect the behavior of dental hard tissues under thermal stress. Aim: This study was conducted to analyze the effects of varying temperatures on extracted teeth of different age groups in a simulated laboratory set up. Settings and Design: Experimental pilot study. Methods and Material: Extracted teeth from three age groups (deciduous, young permanent and adult permanent) were collected and were exposed to three different temperatures (400°C, 700°C and 1000°C) in a laboratory set up...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
V Keerthi Narayan, V K Varsha, H C Girish, Sanjay Murgod
Introduction: Age has been considered as a reliable marker for establishing the identity of a person in the field of forensic medicine. Teeth are useful skeletal indicators of age at death since it can survive for decades. Nondestructive methods ensure the evident preservation of dental hard tissues that reflect age changes from the cradle to the grave. Therefore, an attempt was made for estimating the age using the nondestructive method. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study to assess whether physiological changes of the teeth allow possible correlation for accurate age estimation and to establish a graduation standard by microscopic observation for a better age correlation...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Pritam Kumar Mankapure, Suresh R Barpande, Jyoti D Bhavthankar
Context: In exhibiting gender dimorphism, the bony pelvis and skull give the most reliable results from morphometric analysis. Palatal dimensions were reported to exhibit racial difference and sexual dimorphism in several studies. Aim: The aim of the present study was to measure the maxillary arch depth and palatal depth in Indian population to assess their use as a tool for sexual dimorphism. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and fifty males and 250 females in the age group of 17-25 years were enrolled in the study, and impressions of maxillary arch were made...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Udita Singh, Saurabh Goel
Context: Identification using DNA has proved its accuracy multiple times in the field of forensic investigations. Investigators usually rely on either teeth or bone as the DNA reservoirs. However, there are instances where the skeletal or dental remains are not available or not preserved properly. Moreover, due to religious beliefs, the family members of the dead do not allow the investigating team to damage the remains for the sole purpose of identification. Aim: To investigate the presence of human DNA in dental calculus and to quantify the amount, if present...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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