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Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584485/palatal-rugae-pattern-an-aid-for-sex-identification
#1
Prahlad Gadicherla, Divya Saini, Milana Bhaskar
BACKGROUND: Palatal rugoscopy, or palatoscopy, is the process by which human identification can be obtained by inspecting the transverse palatal rugae inside the mouth. AIM: The aim of the study is to investigate the potential of using palatal rugae as an aid for sex identification in Bengaluru population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred plaster casts equally distributed between males and females belonging to age range of 4-16 years were examined for different rugae patterns...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584484/dental-records-of-forensic-odontological-importance-maintenance-pattern-among-dental-practitioners-of-pune-city
#2
Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shakira Choudhary, Shankargouda Patil, Rahul Anand, Himadri Vyas
CONTEXT: Forensic odontology plays a pivotal role in the identification of victims in mass disasters with the help of "Preserved dental records" available with the general dental practitioners (GDPs). However, the status of such dental records of forensic importance has not been studied extensively. AIM: To study the current status of awareness and practice of dental record maintenance by GDPs of Pune. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 randomly selected GDPs from Pune...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584483/can-dead-man-tooth-do-tell-tales-tooth-prints-in-forensic-identification
#3
Vineetha Christopher, Sarvani Murthy, S R Ashwinirani, Kulkarni Prasad, Suragimath Girish, Shashikanth Patil Vinit
BACKGROUND: We know that teeth trouble us a lot when we are alive, but they last longer for thousands of years even after we are dead. Teeth being the strongest and resistant structure are the most significant tool in forensic investigations. Patterns of enamel rod end on the tooth surface are known as tooth prints. AIM: This study is aimed to know whether these tooth prints can become a forensic tool in personal identification such as finger prints. A study has been targeted toward the same...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584482/age-and-gender-assessment-through-three-dimensional-morphometric-analysis-of-maxillary-sinus-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Sanda Usha Rani, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Dumpala Rakesh Kumar, Taneeru Sravya, Yeluri Sivaranjani, Manchikatla Praveen Kumar
BACKGROUND: Age and sex determinations are important tools in forensic odontology which help in the identification of an individual. Radiographic method of sex and age estimation is a noninvasive simple technique. Measurements of the maxillary sinuses can be used for the estimation of age and gender when other methods are inconclusive. Maxillary sinus dimensions were used as an important tool in the identification of unknown. AIM: This study aims to estimate age and sex using the dimensions and volume of the maxillary sinus in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584481/sex-determination-efficacy-of-papanicolaou-and-acriflavine-schiff-stains-in-buccal-smears
#5
Tibin Kaithappillil Baby, Priya Thomas, Jayanthi Palani, Rekha Krishna Pillai, Bindhu Pushparajan Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Barr body is formed from random inactivation and condensation of one of the two female chromosomes in virtually all the somatic cells of female mammals. Buccal smears have been reported to be potential sources of Barr bodies. AIM: This study was done to assess the efficacy of acriflavine (AF) Schiff and Papanicolaou (PAP) stains in sex determination by identifying Barr bodies in buccal smears of both sexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two samples of buccal smears, collected from thirty males and thirty females in the age group of 16-60 years were used to demonstrate Barr bodies using AF Schiff and PAP stains, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584480/assessment-of-demirjian-s-8-teeth-technique-of-age-estimation-and-indian-specific-formulas-in-an-east-indian-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Hemamalini Rath, Rachna Rath, Sandeep Mahapatra, Tribikram Debta
BACKGROUND: The age of an individual can be assessed by a plethora of widely available tooth-based techniques, among which radiological methods prevail. The Demirjian's technique of age assessment based on tooth development stages has been extensively investigated in different populations of the world. AIM: The present study is to assess the applicability of Demirjian's modified 8-teeth technique in age estimation of population of East India (Odisha), utilizing Acharya's Indian-specific cubic functions...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584479/gender-determination-by-odontometric-method
#7
Litha, H C Girish, Sanjay Murgod, J K Savita
CONTEXT: Gender determination is central in establishing personal identification from human skeletal remains. The study was conducted to find out the accuracy with which gender can be determined by odontometric methods. AIMS: To investigate the mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) dimensions of all the teeth of permanent dentition to find new parameters to differentiate between male and female teeth and to assess whether each type of linear measurement can be used independently in odontometric sex differentiation...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584478/gender-determination-using-barr-bodies-from-teeth-exposed-to-high-temperatures
#8
A Vikram Simha Reddy, A Ravi Prakash, Lakshmi Keerthana Killampalli, M Rajinikanth, G Sreenath, P B Sabiha
CONTEXT: Gender determination forms a prime step in the forensic identification process. Teeth form a very important identification aid in forensic studies because they are protected by oral tissues and dental pulp is further protected by the mineralized constituents of the teeth. This allows the conservation and sustainable production of dental pulp to help sex determination in circumstances where other tissues cannot be analyzed like victims when exposed to high temperatures during fire accidents, explosions, and other mass disasters...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584477/dental-sex-dimorphism-using-odontometrics-and-digital-jaw-radiography
#9
B N V S Satish, Chanchal Moolrajani, Maharudrappa Basnaker, Prashant Kumar
CONTEXT: Estimating the gender from the human skeletal remains can guide the forensic investigator in revealing the missing person's identity. AIMS: (1) To determine the utility of the various parameters taken on the orthopantomographs (mandible) and of odontometrics on tooth remains to estimate the gender. (2) To determine the most dimorphic parameter taken on the radiograph as well as tooth (odontometrics) in the study taken. STUDY AND DESIGN: (1) A retrospective study was planned on 200 subjects (100 males and 100 females) in the age group of 18-30 years and the following parameters (maximum ramus height, bigonion width, and bicondylar breadth) were measured on the orthopantomograph...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584476/age-estimation-by-dentin-translucency-measurement-using-digital-method-an-institutional-study
#10
Shalini Gupta, Akhilesh Chandra, Archana Agnihotri, Om Prakash Gupta, Niharika Maurya
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to measure translucency on sectioned teeth using available computer hardware and software, to correlate dimensions of root dentin translucency with age, and to assess whether translucency is reliable for age estimation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot study was done on 62 freshly extracted single-rooted permanent teeth from 62 different individuals (35 males and 27 females) and their 250 μm thick sections were prepared by micromotor, carborundum disks, and Arkansas stone...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584475/virtopsy-touch-free-autopsy
#11
REVIEW
Raj Kumar Badam, Triekan Sownetha, D B Gandhi Babu, Shefali Waghray, Lavanya Reddy, Komali Garlapati, Sunanda Chavva
The word "autopsy" denotes "to see with own eyes." Autopsy (postmortem) is a process that includes a thorough examination of a corpse noting everything related to anatomization, surface wounds, histological and culture studies. Virtopsy is a term extracted from two words "virtual" and "autopsy." It employs imaging methods that are routinely used in clinical medicine such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the field of autopsy, to find the reason for death. Virtopsy is a multi-disciplinary technology that combines forensic medicine and pathology, roentgenology, computer graphics, biomechanics, and physics...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584474/does-the-periodontal-status-of-peg-shaped-mandibular-central-incisor-affect-its-prognosis
#12
Saravana Karthikeyan Balasubramanian, Mahalaxmi Sekar, Divya Vinayachandran, Velmurugan Natanasabapathy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584473/laser-micro-etching-of-metal-prostheses-for-personal-identification
#13
Dhanraj Ganapathy, Vinay Sivaswamy, Prathap Sekhar
Denture marking techniques play a vital role in establishing personal identification in suitable clinical and forensic situations. The denture marking techniques are categorized broadly into additive and ablative methods. Additive methods involve embedding or impregnation of markers for establishing personal identity. Ablative methods involve partial removal of the denture surface thereby providing a marking for identification. Engraving and etching methods are the commonly used ablative methods. Ablative methods can be of contact and noncontact subtypes...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584472/radiographic-anthropometric-study-of-frontal-sinus-for-sex-determination-in-benin-city-south-south-nigeria
#14
Dennis Erhisenebe O Eboh, Osesogie U Ogbeide, Theophilus Ivwighren
CONTEXT: The frontal sinuses are situated in the frontal bone between the outer and inner plates of the bone. A good knowledge on dimensions is relevant for successful surgery. AIM: This study was carried out to determine the dimorphic potential of the frontal sinuses and to ascertain the accuracy in sex determination using the logistic regression model among Edo people of Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a 7 years retrospective study on the Edo, utilizing posterior-anterior radiographs of frontal sinuses in University of Benin Teaching Hospital...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584471/child-maltreatment-cross-sectional-survey-of-general-dentists
#15
Harsimran Kaur, K S Vinod, Harpreet Singh, Lavina Arya, Prateek Verma, Baldeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Child abuse continues to be a social menace causing both physical and emotional trauma to benevolent children. Census has shown that nearly 50-75% of child abuse include trauma to mouth, face, and head. Thus, dental professionals are in a strategic position to identify physical and emotional manifestations of abuse. AIM: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and attitude of dental professionals on the exigent issue of child abuse...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584470/denture-identification-using-individual-national-identification-number-of-saudi-arabia-an-innovative-inclusion-method-of-casted-metal
#16
Atul Bhardwaj, M S Priya, S Karthiga Kannan, Smita Singh, Saquib B Ahmed Shaikh, Mousa Abu Fadaleh
CONTEXT: Forensic odontology is one of the branches of dentistry, which played a very important role in identification of individuals in accident, natural and mass disaster, and civil unrest and in genocide crimes. In the absence of natural teeth, marking or labeling of denture plays a vital role in the personal identification. BACKGROUND: Various types of marking or labeling methods are reported. However, many are not according to the criteria put forth by American Dental Association or other professional association...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584469/pattern-self-repetition-of-fingerprints-lip-prints-and-palatal-rugae-among-three-generations-of-family-a-forensic-approach-to-identify-family-hierarchy
#17
Sankeerti Mala, Vanita Rathod, Siddharth Pundir, Sudhanshu Dixit
CONTEXT: The unique pattern and structural diversity of fingerprints, lip prints, palatal rugae, and their occurrence in different patterns among individuals make it questionable whether they are completely unique even in a family hierarchy? Do they have any repetition of the patterns among the generations? Or is this a mere chaos theory? AIMS: The present study aims to assess the pattern self-repetition of fingerprints, lip prints, and palatal rugae among three generations of ten different families...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584468/determination-of-age-sex-and-blood-group-from-a-single-tooth
#18
Amit K Nayar, Swati Parhar, Gagandeep Thind, Aman Sharma, Divya Sharma
BACKGROUND: Human identification is one of the most challenging subjects that human has been confronted with. Through the ages, odontological examinations have been a critical determinant in the search of human identity. Data in the form of age, gender, and blood group might provide vital clues in such investigations. In the recent times, it has been often desirable to preserve tissues for further investigations following the unfolding of certain events or discovery of new data. Hence, it is important to gather as much data as possible using less tissue...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584467/the-credibility-of-dental-pulp-in-human-blood-group-identification
#19
Vrinda Saxena, Manish Jain, Vidhatri Tiwari, Binu Santha, Anshika Khare, Ravikant Shah
BACKGROUND: The identification of unknown individual has always been of paramount importance to the society. Blood groups are excellent aids to these pursuits. Dental tissue acts beneficial because tooth is the hardest of all human tissues, and they can be preserved intact for a long period of time after the death of the individual. Hence, this study is conducted to evaluate the role of dental pulp in identification of human blood group. AIM: To determine the ABO blood grouping from the pulpal tissue of an extracted tooth and to correlate the same with blood group details obtained from the study subjects...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584466/morphometric-analysis-of-mandibular-ramus-for-sex-determination-on-digital-orthopantomogram
#20
Chandramani Bhagwan More, Ritika Vijayvargiya, Nairita Saha
BACKGROUND: Identification of sex from skeletal remains is an important tool in forensic science. Mandibular ramus can be used for sex determination either on dry mandible or through orthopantomogram (OPG). AIM: To determine the sex from mandibular ramus using digital OPG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The morphometric analysis was conducted on mandibular ramus of 1000 digital OPG using Kodak Master View version 4.3 software. Statistical analysis was performed, and independent t-test and discriminant function were applied...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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