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Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences

Sailaja Sambhana, Praveen Sanghvi, Rezwana Begum Mohammed, Prasanth Prathapan Shanta, Anshuj Ajay Rao Thetay, Varunjeet Singh Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: The identification of human skeletal remains plays a crucial role in forensic investigation and its accuracy depends on the available parts of the skeleton. The mandible is the hardest and strongest bone of the skull, which exhibits a high degree of sexual dimorphism and helps to identify the sex in human remains. The aim of this study was to develop discriminant function to determine sex from the mandibular radiographs in a South Indian (Visakhapatnam) population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of 384 (192 males and 192 females) digital orthopantomographs (OPGs) divided into five groups according to age...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Neha Ajit Raikar, Manasa A Meundi, Chaya M David, Mahesh Dathu Rao, Sanjay Chikkarasinakere Jogigowda
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Personal identification is a vital arena of forensic investigation, facilitating the search for missing persons. This process of identification is eased by the determination of age, sex, and ethnicity. In situations where there are fragmented and mutilated skeletal remains, sex determination is relatively difficult, and it becomes important to establish the accuracy of individual bones. AIM: This study aims to evaluate sexual dimorphism in foramen magnum (FM) dimensions in the South Indian population using digital submentovertex (SMV) radiograph...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sindhu Poovannan, Ashish R Jain, Cakku Jalliah Venkata Krishnan, Chitraa R Chandran
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Positive identification of the dead after accidents and disasters through labeled dentures plays a key role in forensic scenario. A number of denture labeling methods are available, and studies evaluating their reliability under drastic conditions are vital. AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the reliability of QR (Quick Response) Code labeled at various depths in heat-cured acrylic blocks after acid treatment, heat treatment (burns), and fracture in forensics...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Laliytha Bijai Kumar, Venkatesh Jayaraman, Philips Mathew, S Ramasamy, Ravi David Austin
CONTEXT: Forensic science is a branch of science that deals with the application of science and technology in solving a crime and this requires a multidisciplinary team effort. The word "Forensic" is derived from the Latin word, "Forensis" which means the study of public. Dental professionals should develop interests in contributing to legal issues. AIMS: To study the lip prints among people of different races. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Descriptive study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Aruna Kumari Maloth, Shyam Prasad Reddy Dorankula, Ajay Prakash Pasupula
INTRODUCTION: Personal identification is becoming increasingly important not only in legal medicine but also in crime/criminal investigation and identification. Sometimes establishing a person's identity can be a very difficult process. Dental, fingerprint, and DNA comparisons are probably the most common technique used. However, there are many well-known implanted methods of human identification, one of the most interesting emerging methods of human identification which originates from the criminal and forensic practice, is human lips recognition...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Amita Negi, Anurag Negi
BACKGROUND: Lip prints and fingerprints are considered to be unique to each individual. The study of fingerprints and lip prints is very popular in personal identification of the deceased and in criminal investigations. AIMS: This study was done to find the predominant lip and fingerprint patterns in males and females in the North Indian population and also to find any correlation between lip print and fingerprint patterns within a gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred students (100 males, 100 females) were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Vanshika Jain, Priyanka Kapoor, Ragini Miglani
BACKGROUND: Present times have seen an alarming increase in incidence of crimes by juveniles and of mass destruction that Highlight the preponderance of individual age estimation. Of the numerous techniques employed for age assessment, dental age estimation (DAE) and its correlation with chronological age (CA) have been of great significance in the recent past. Demirjian system, considered as gold standard in DAE is a simple and convenient method for DAE, though,, although, referring to multiple tables make it cumbersome and less eco friendly due to excessive paper load...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Girish Suragimath, S R Ashwinirani, Vineetha Christopher, Shobha Bijjargi, Renuka Pawar, Ajay Nayak
CONTEXT: Identification of gender is of primary importance in forensic investigations when only fragment of skull remains. Mandible is a hard bone and exhibits a high degree of sexual dimorphism. Gender differences were observed in the height of mandible, gonial angle, bigonial breadth, bicondylar breadth, and position of mental foramen (MF). AIMS OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to evaluate gender differences in distances from superior border of MF (SMF) and inferior border of MF (IMF) to the lower border of mandible (LBM) and height of mandible in the Maharashtra population...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Godishala Swamy Sugunakar Raju, Muddana Keerthi, Surapaneni Rateesh Kumar Nandan, Thokala Madhusudan Rao, Pavan G Kulkarni, Dorankula Shyam Prasad Reddy
CONTEXT: Forensic age estimation (FAE) defines an expertise in forensic medicine, which aims to define in the most accurate way to determine the unknown chronological age of the person involved in judicial or legal proceedings. Dental cementum is a vital tissue which demonstrates continuous apposition throughout the life of the tooth. This appositional changes of cementum helps in approximation of age inforensic investigations. AIMS: To correlate age by measuring the overlap or coronal migration of thecementum at thecementoenamel junction (CEJ) and the thickness of the cementum at the apical third of the root...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Preeti Sharma, Neeraj Sharma, Vijay Wadhwan, Pooja Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Lip prints are unique and can be used in personal identification. Very few studies are available which establish them as biological evidence in the court of law. Thus, the objective of this study was to attempt to isolate DNA and obtain full short tandem repeat (STR) loci of the individual from the lip prints on different surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve lip prints were procured on different surfaces such as tissue paper, cotton cloth, ceramic tile, and glass surface...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Puja Hazari, Rakesh S Hazari, Sunil Kumar Mishra, Surendra Agrawal, Mukesh Yadav
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: One of the most challenging tasks for forensic science is to identify the unknown human skeletal remains of deceased individuals. Study of sex by distinguishing the various morphological characteristics of bones is utmost important in forensic anthropology and for medico-legal assessment. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to review the literature, to find if there is sufficient evidence to establish the use of mandible in sex identification...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Karandeep Singh Arora, Prabhpreet Kaur
Forensic odontology (FO) is a branch of forensic medicine that in the interest of justice deals with proper handling and examination of dental evidence. Teeth can survive in most conditions encountered at death and during decomposition, even when the body is exposed to extreme forces and/or temperatures. FO is being practiced worldwide since 1775, after which it has not only become an integral part of the judicial system of the developed countries but also been adopted by the armed forces and investigative agencies of these countries...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Lakshmana Rao Bathala, Narendra Kumar Rachuri, Srinivas Rao Rayapati, Sudheer Kondaka
After major disasters such as earthquakes, fires, floods, tsunami, bomb blasts or terrorist attacks, accurate, and early identification of the dead and injured becomes an utmost importance. Restorations, cariesteeth, missingteeth and/or prostheses are most useful aids for the dental identification. At times, only identifiable remains are a victim's partial or complete dentures. The central principle of dental identification is that postmortem dental remains can be compared with antemortem dental records which include, studycasts, radiographs, etc...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Aman Chowdhry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Rhonan Ferreira Silva, Ademir Franco, Solon Diego Santos Carvalho Mendes, Fernando Fortes Picoli, Fernando Gomes Nunes, Carlos Estrela
Endodontics is a special branch of dentistry constantly guided by imaging examinations. From a forensic scope, endodontics plays a valuable role providing solid antemortem (AM) radiographic evidence for comparison with postmortem findings in human identifications. This study illustrates the interface between endodontics and forensic odontology describing three cases of human identification based on radiographic endodontic records. From 2009 to 2012, three unknown male victims of murder were examined in a local Brazilian medico-legal institute to retrieve identity and potential cause of death...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ashwin Devasya, Mythri Sarpangala
Microdontia is a term used to describe teeth which are smaller than normal. Peg-shaped teeth are type of microdontia, a developmental disturbances of teeth mainly due to congenital reasons. Most commonly affecting single teeth, that is maxillary lateral incisors. Incidence of peg shaped tooth in maxillary laterals are usually seen and reported. But in mandibular arch it is very rare. Present case, it affected all the incisors of mandibular arch and also the laterals of maxillary arch which is rarest of condition...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Sandra Moreno, MarĂ­a Paula Reyes, Freddy Moreno
The present article is a case report on the cusp expression of protostylid in the deciduous inferior molars and in the first permanent inferior molar, in which the correspondence and bilateral symmetry of the mentioned expression can be evidenced, as well as the their relation with the foramen cecum of the mesiobuccal furrows of the deciduous and of the permanent inferior molars.
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Arpita Rai, Ashith B Acharya, Venkatesh G Naikmasur
BACKGROUND: Age estimation of living or deceased individuals is an important aspect of forensic sciences. Conventionally, pulp-to-tooth area ratio (PTR) measured from periapical radiographs have been utilized as a nondestructive method of age estimation. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a new method to acquire three-dimensional images of the teeth in living individuals. AIMS: The present study investigated age estimation based on PTR of the maxillary canines measured in three planes obtained from CBCT image data...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ayesha Shireen, Syeda Arshiya Ara
AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the sex determination potential from mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) dimensions of permanent maxillary first molar. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Al-Badar Rural Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, on 600 subjects (300 male and 300 female), aged 17-25 years. The subjects were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set forth for the study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Baldeep Singh, Harsimran Kaur, Anna C Vaz, K S Vinod, Lavina Taneja, Shashank Gaikwad
BACKGROUND: The study mentioned was aimed to examine the contribution of the objective measures representing anterior-posterior (AP) and vertical characteristics, dental esthetics, or their combination that are used in daily orthodontic practice in the assessment of the facial esthetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A panel of 64 laypersons evaluated the facial esthetics of 32 boys and 32 girls, stratified over four different angle classes, on a visual analog scale. The relationship between the objective parameters and facial esthetics was evaluated by the backward multiple regression analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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