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Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657499/age-estimation-in-indian-adults-by-the-coronal-pulp-cavity-index
#1
Vaishali Vasant Koranne, Amit A Mhapuskar, Swati P Marathe, Sameer A Joshi, Rashmi S Saddiwal, Shams Ul Nisa
Background: Age estimation from tooth coronal index (TCI) using intraoral periapical radiographs by paralleling technique based on a reduction in the size of the dental pulp cavity with advancing age as a result of secondary dentin deposition. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to estimate age for Indian adults using radiographs of mandibular first molar and second premolar teeth using coronal pulp cavity index. Materials and Methods: The study material consists of 400 intraoral periapical radiographs of mandibular second premolar and mandibular first molar from enrolled participants of either gender in the age group of 20-60 years...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657498/odontometric-sex-estimation-from-clinically-extracted-molar-teeth-in-a-north-indian-population-sample
#2
Qutsia Tabasum, Jagmahender Singh Sehrawat, Manjit Kaur Talwar, Raj Kamal Pathak
Background: Different dental features have contributed significantly toward sex determination in the forensic anthropological contexts. Population-specific standards (discriminant functions or regression formulae) have been suggested for various population groups to identify the sex of an unknown individual from dental dimensions and other odontometric features. The main purpose of the present investigation was to examine the degree of sexual dimorphism exhibited by the human teeth of North Indians and identify importance as a forensic tool in sex determination...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657497/denture-labels-various-types-and-their-abilities-to-resist-different-assaults
#3
Rashmi G S Phulari, Rajendrasinh S Rathore, Prachi Nitin Jariwala, Aalap D Kapuriya, Arpan K Shah
Introduction: The use of denture labels for the purpose of identification has been well documented. A number of labels for marking the denture are documented till date demonstrating the ease of fabrication and its potential value in identification. Therefore, it becomes essential that these denture labels fulfill the requisites of an ideal denture label and thus should be able to sustain the various assaults to which they might be subjected simulating a crime scene. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the ability of various denture labels to withstand different types of assaults thereby evaluating the performance of routinely used denture labels...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657496/applicability-of-odontometric-dimensions-and-indices-in-sexual-dimorphism-among-nalgonda-population
#4
Sandipamu Thabitha Rani
Background: Teeth morphology varies among different population groups as they are exposed to various environmental conditions. Teeth being the most stable and hard tissue, human identification can be made when the other tissues are unavailable. Odontometric analysis can be considered for anthropological and forensic investigations. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the reliability of odontometric mesiodistal (MD) width dimensions and indices in sexual dimorphism among Nalgonda population...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657495/the-effects-of-temperature-on-extracted-teeth-of-different-age-groups-a-pilot-study
#5
Renjith George, Wesley Joel Tan, Agnes Liong Shih Yi, Preethy Mary Donald
Context: Type of dentition and age related changes may affect the behavior of dental hard tissues under thermal stress. Aim: This study was conducted to analyze the effects of varying temperatures on extracted teeth of different age groups in a simulated laboratory set up. Settings and Design: Experimental pilot study. Methods and Material: Extracted teeth from three age groups (deciduous, young permanent and adult permanent) were collected and were exposed to three different temperatures (400°C, 700°C and 1000°C) in a laboratory set up...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657494/stereomicroscopic-study-on-unsectioned-extracted-teeth
#6
V Keerthi Narayan, V K Varsha, H C Girish, Sanjay Murgod
Introduction: Age has been considered as a reliable marker for establishing the identity of a person in the field of forensic medicine. Teeth are useful skeletal indicators of age at death since it can survive for decades. Nondestructive methods ensure the evident preservation of dental hard tissues that reflect age changes from the cradle to the grave. Therefore, an attempt was made for estimating the age using the nondestructive method. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study to assess whether physiological changes of the teeth allow possible correlation for accurate age estimation and to establish a graduation standard by microscopic observation for a better age correlation...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657493/evaluation-of-sexual-dimorphism-in-arch-depth-and-palatal-depth-in-500-young-adults-of-marathwada-region-india
#7
Pritam Kumar Mankapure, Suresh R Barpande, Jyoti D Bhavthankar
Context: In exhibiting gender dimorphism, the bony pelvis and skull give the most reliable results from morphometric analysis. Palatal dimensions were reported to exhibit racial difference and sexual dimorphism in several studies. Aim: The aim of the present study was to measure the maxillary arch depth and palatal depth in Indian population to assess their use as a tool for sexual dimorphism. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and fifty males and 250 females in the age group of 17-25 years were enrolled in the study, and impressions of maxillary arch were made...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657492/estimation-and-quantification-of-human-dna-in-dental-calculus-a-pilot-study
#8
Udita Singh, Saurabh Goel
Context: Identification using DNA has proved its accuracy multiple times in the field of forensic investigations. Investigators usually rely on either teeth or bone as the DNA reservoirs. However, there are instances where the skeletal or dental remains are not available or not preserved properly. Moreover, due to religious beliefs, the family members of the dead do not allow the investigating team to damage the remains for the sole purpose of identification. Aim: To investigate the presence of human DNA in dental calculus and to quantify the amount, if present...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657491/age-estimation-using-exfoliative-cytology-and-radiovisiography-a-comparative-study
#9
Shilpa Nallamala, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda, Praveen Kumar Manchikatla, Sravya Taneeru
Introduction: Age estimation is one of the essential factors in establishing the identity of an individual. Among various methods, exfoliative cytology (EC) is a unique, noninvasive technique, involving simple, and pain-free collection of intact cells from the oral cavity for microscopic examination. Objective: The study was undertaken with an aim to estimate the age of an individual from the average cell size of their buccal smears calculated using image analysis morphometric software and the pulp-tooth area ratio in mandibular canine of the same individual using radiovisiography (RVG)...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657490/mandibular-canine-index-a-study-for-gender-determination-in-gandhinagar-population
#10
Roseline Ankit Patel, Anjani Ramchandra Chaudhary, Bhavin Bipinchandra Dudhia, Zonty Sylvestor Macwan, Purv Shashank Patel, Yesha Vijaykumar Jani
Introduction: One of the important pieces of information gathered from tooth analysis is the sex of an individual. In most human living populations, mandibular canines show the greatest dimorphism and greatest dimensional differences between males and females. In view of these facts, the aim of this study was to establish the standard mandibular canine index (MCI) and estimate the sexual dimorphism in the population of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat state. Materials and Methods: The study consisted of 400 subjects, 200 males and 200 females in the age group of 20-40 years...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657489/a-radiographic-survey-of-agenesis-of-the-third-molar-a-panoramic-study
#11
Nisha Singh, Shrinivas Chaudhari, Rohan Chaudhari, Sagar Nagare, Abhay Kulkarni, Pratik Parkarwar
Purpose: It is a well-known fact that nature tries to eliminate what is not in use. Because of this, the number of certain teeth which are no longer necessary for function are either getting increasingly impacted or are not developing at all. This is especially the case where third molars are concerned. Furthermore, the presence or absence of the third molar is significant to all branches of dentistry and in particular, forensic dentistry. Objectives: The objectives of this study is to assess (1) The prevalence of third molar agenesis in population of age group 18-25 years...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657488/sex-determination-from-mesiodens-of-indian-children-by-amelogenin-gene
#12
Mohit Srivastava, Swati Tripathi, Madhusudan Astekar, Deepa Singal, Aditi Srivastava, Pallavi Vashisth
Context: The identification of sex is the first and the foremost step in forensic science. Teeth consist of enamel which is the hardest tissue available in the body, protector of DNA presents in pulp tissue at the time of exposure of tooth to adverse conditions. Teeth can be stated as a sealed box of mystery as it contains various human and bacterial DNA for molecular utilization. Aim and Objective: The aim is to determine sex from mesiodens on the basis of gene identification by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657487/anthropometric-study-using-craniofacial-features-to-determine-gender-in-lucknow-population
#13
Ankita Singh, Gadiputi Sreedhar, Jiji George, Abhilasha Shukla, Vaibhav Vashishta, M P S Negi
Background: Gender is one of the main characteristics analyzed for positive human identification in forensic medicine. The methods involving physical anthropology present high rate of accuracy for human identification and gender estimation. Aim: This study aimed to determine gender through different craniofacial variables using physical anthropometric methods. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 individuals (50 males and 50 females) in Lucknow...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657486/current-trends-in-forensic-odontology
#14
REVIEW
Nadeem Jeddy, Shivani Ravi, T Radhika
Forensic odontology is an evolving science and has a greater scope of development. It has established as an indispensable science in medico-legal matters and in the identification of the dead person. The dental tissues are often preserved even if the deceased person is skeletonized, decomposed, burnt, or dismembered. Various methods have been developed to determine age, sex, and ethnicity of the person, using dental tissues. Data collection methods and supplementary technologies used in forensic dental identification have undergone significant transformation...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657485/virtopsy-an-integration-of-forensic-science-and-imageology
#15
REVIEW
T Isaac Joseph, K L Girish, Pradeesh Sathyan, M Shashi Kiran, S Vidya
In an era where noninvasive and minimally invasive techniques are heralding medical innovations and health science technology, necrological analysis is not bereft of this wave. Virtopsy is virtual autopsy. It is a new-age complimentary documentation approach to identify and analyze the details of demise. Utilizing virtual autopsy for orofacial forensic examination is an emerging specialty which holds a plethora of potential for future trends in forensic science. Being a noninvasive technique, it is a rapid method which facilitates the medicolegal process and aids in the delivery of justice...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263621/comparative-assessment-of-maxillary-canine-index-and-maxillary-first-molar-dimensions-for-sex-determination-in-forensic-odontology
#16
Rashmi G S Phulari, Rajendrasinh Rathore, Trupti Talegaon, Prachi Jariwala
Background: Sexual identification of immature skeletal remains is still a difficult problem to solve in forensic anthropology. In such situations, the odontometric features of the teeth can be of immense help. Teeth, being the hardest and chemically the most stable tissue in the body, are an excellent material in living and nonliving populations for anthropological, genetic, odontologic, and forensic investigations. Using tooth size standards, whenever it is possible to predict the sex, identification is made easier because then only missing persons of one sex need to be considered...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263620/mandibular-canine-a-tool-for-sex-identification-in-forensic-odontology
#17
Ramniwas M Kumawat, Sarika L Dindgire, Mangesh Gadhari, Pratima G Khobragade, Priyanka S Kadoo, Pradeep Yadav
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of mandibular canine index (MCI) and mandibular mesiodistal odontometrics in sex identification in the age group of 17-25 years in central Indian population. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised total 300 individuals (150 males and 150 females) of an age group ranging from 17 to 25 years of central Indian population. The maximum mesiodistal diameter of mandibular canines, the linear distance between the tips of mandibular canines, was measured using digital vernier caliper on the study models...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263619/role-of-forensic-dentistry-for-dental-practitioners-a-comprehensive-study
#18
Vanita Rathod, Veena Desai, Siddharth Pundir, Sudhanshu Dixit, Rashmi Chandraker
Objectives: The aim of present study is to analyze assess the awareness about forensic odontology among dental practitioners in center part of India. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 100 dental practitioners in Bhilai-Durg and data was collected by means of a questionnaire. Results: About 30% of dental practitioners not maintain dental records in their clinic, 70% maintained dental records. Nearly, 60% dental practitioners use the appropriate method for diagnosis, while rest are not...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263618/morphometric-significance-of-maxillary-arch-in-sexual-dimorphism-in-north-indian-population
#19
Manisha Jakhar, Vaishali Shende, Raj Kumar Maurya, Narinder Kumar, Mamta Malik, Sanjeev Laller
Background: Tooth is the hardest and chemically (except mineral contents) the most stable structure in the body, which makes teeth as the first-rate material for genetic and forensic investigations. Sex determination of skeletal remains forms an important part of archaeological and medicolegal examinations. Hence, the aim of the present study was to analyse the morphometric and dimensional variation between male and female in north Indian population using maxillary arch parameters. Materials and Methods: Fifty male and fifty female patients of age group 18-35 years were randomly selected after taking detail history...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263617/the-indian-board-of-forensic-odontology-fellowship-a-personal-experience
#20
Aman Chowdhry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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