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Industrial Psychiatry Journal

Satya K Trivedi, Ajish G Mangot, Siddhartha Sinha
Priapism is a urologic emergency representing a true disorder of penile erection that persists beyond or is unrelated to sexual interest or stimulation. A variety of psychotropic drugs are known to produce priapism, albeit rarely, through their antagonistic action on alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. We report such a case of priapism induced by a single oral dose of 10 mg aripiprazole, a drug with the least affinity to adrenergic receptors among all atypical antipsychotics. Polymorphism of alpha-2A adrenergic receptor gene in schizophrenia patients is known to be associated with sialorrhea while on clozapine treatment...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Satyakant K Trivedi, Ajish G Mangot, Ravindra N Munoli
Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by circumscribed, marked fear or anxiety to a specific object or situation which is out of proportion to the actual danger posed by the concerned object or situation. Worldwide, the prevalence of specific phobia has been found to be 16% in 13-17 years olds. In India, specific phobia has been identified as one of the most common disorders in the school-going age group, with the prevalence of approximately 4.2%. Alektorophobia is the specific term for phobia to hen/chickens...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Arghya Pal, Arpit Parmar, Raman Deep Pattanayak
Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are characterized by an inability to resist an intense impulse or drive to perform a particular act that is excessive and/or harmful to self/others. Till date, there is no published report of an ICD presenting with repetitive urges to inflict burns. We describe the case of an adult male in regular follow-up for 6 months who presented with intense, irresistible, and repetitive urges and acts of causing burns on his skin for past 1 year. The phenomenology shared the core qualities described for ICDs and patient showed adequate response to treatment...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Shruti Srivastava, Manjeet Singh Bhatia, Priyanka Gautam
Neurocysticercosis is the most common and preventable parasitic infection of the central nervous system, but disseminated cysticercosis is said to be rare. We report a case of a 31-year-old male, who presented with anxiety manifestations temporally associated with stress related to job. After initial clinical improvement, he presented with an incapacitating headache which was diagnosed as disseminated neurocysticercosis after thorough evaluation and investigations. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain with contrast showed multiple small hyperintense lesions involving bilateral, temporoparietal, occipital, gangliothalamic with ring enhancement...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Manoj Kumar Sharma
The present case highlights the addictive potential of Wikipedia usage. The users approached a technology addiction clinic for the management of excessive use of technology. A clinical interview was used to elicit information about usages. It indicates the addictive use of Wikipedia and associated dysfunction in lifestyle. It has implication for promotion of healthy use of technology.
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Preethi Menon, Bhushan Chaudhari, Daniel Saldanha, Spandana Devabhaktuni, Labanya Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Researchers have found elevated rates of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients. They have also implicated the role of CSA later in BPD. However, there has been a scarcity of studies regarding this in Indian population. OBJECTIVES: To profile the occurrence of CSA and its parameters in BPD patients and to document symptomatology of BPD associated with CSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients with BPD were administered with a two-staged semi-structured interview by different interviewers with the first stage for collecting sociodemographic details and confirming BPD diagnosis and the second stage for collecting information about CSA...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Rajiv Saini, M S V K Raju, Suprakash Chaudhury, Kalpana Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Treatment of depressive episode often poses a challenge. Although there are numerous medicines available for its treatment but they all have a lag period of 2-3 weeks before they start showing their result. AIM: The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that an initial lithium-tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) combination has a quicker and better antidepressant effect than standard TCA treatment in unipolar depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty unipolar depressed inpatients under lithium-TCA treatment were compared with twenty patients with similar diagnosis treated with TCA-placebo combination...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Biswajit L Jagtap, B S V Prasad, Suprakash Chaudhury
BACKGROUND: Women in the perimenopausal period are reported to be vulnerable to psychiatric disorders. AIM: To assess the psychiatric morbidity in perimenopausal women aged 45-55 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational, hospital-based study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry in a tertiary care hospital attached to a medical college. The study sample consisted of consecutive women in perimenopause as diagnosed by a gynecologist and written informed consent for inclusion in the study...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Ananya Mondal, Pritha Mukhopadhyay, Nabanita Basu, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Tanima Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Accurate evaluation of an individuals' veracity is a fundamental aspect of social functioning that allows individuals to act in adaptive ways. The domain of deception detection ability is still young, and many components in this field are yet to be touched which demands more research in this field. AIMS: The present study aims at deciphering the structural composition of face during felt, posed, and deceived emotions in facial expression unique to Indian culture, using Facial Action Coding System (FACS)...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sandeep Grover, Sunil Gupta, Sudhir Mahajan, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: The aim of this study was to understand the pathway to care among patients with Dhat syndrome and to study the factors leading to delay in seeking professional psychiatric help. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients diagnosed with Dhat syndrome as per the International Classification of Diseases-10 criteria were assessed for sociodemographic and clinical details and information regarding previous treatment taken to determine the pathways to care at their first contact with the outpatient psychosexual clinic...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Nitasha Sharma, Sunita Sharma, Sandhya Ghai, Debashish Basu, Deepika Kumari, Dharamveer Singh, Gagandeep Kaur
BACKGROUND: Alcoholism is considered as a major health as well as a social problem. Often the family members of alcoholics suffer intense psychological, physical and social trauma due to the core drinking problem of the family member. Most deeply affected are the wives of alcoholics. AIM: The present descriptive study aimed to investigate the problems faced and coping strategies used by the wives of alcoholics. METHODOLOGY: A total of 30 wives of alcoholic clients seeking treatment in De-addiction Centre were interviewed for the same...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Lakshmanan Sethuraman, B N Subodh, Pratima Murthy
BACKGROUND: Work-related problems are a serious concern among persons with substance use but due to lack of a standardized tool to measure it; these problems are neither systematically assessed nor appropriately addressed. Most existing measures of work performance cater to the needs of the workplace rather than focusing on the workers' perception of the difficulties at work. AIM: To develop a standardized instrument to measure work-related problems in persons with substance use disorders...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Kalpana Srivastava, Amool R Singh, Suprakash Chaudhury
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the personality traits of alcohol and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and to compare them with normal controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 100 consecutive patients with alcohol dependence and HIV each and a control group of 100 normal cases without any physical or psychiatric illness. A score of 2 or less on the General Health Questionnaire was taken as cutoff, and the participants were included in the study with written informed consent...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sudhinta Sinha
BACKGROUND: Personality is a major factor in many kinds of behavior, one of which is criminal behavior. To determine what makes a criminal "a criminal," we must understand his/her personality. This study tries to identify different personality traits which link criminals to their personality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, 37 male criminals of district jail of Dhanbad (Jharkhand) and 36 normal controls were included on a purposive sampling basis. Each criminal was given a personal datasheet and Cattel's 16 personality factors (PFs) scale for assessing their sociodemographic variables and different personality traits...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Chandra Kiran, Suprakash Chaudhury
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic and treatment hierarchical reductionisms have resulted in an oversight of anxiety syndromes in schizophrenia. AIM: The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of different anxiety disorders in schizophrenia patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on inpatients of a tertiary care psychiatric hospital using a prospective, purposive sampling technique. The study consisted of 93 schizophrenia patients and a similar number of normal controls...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Susanta Kumar Padhy, Surbhi Mishra, Siddharth Sarkar, Late Govind Bang, Mahima Panigrahi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study aimed to find psychiatric morbidity, stress, anxiety, and depression in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and compare it with patients having non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD). METHODS: This case NUD study compared 50 patients each with IBS and NUD. The two groups were compared on demographic data, psychiatric diagnosis using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis 1 disorders, anxiety levels using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), and depression using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D)...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Naphisabet Kharsati, Poornima Bhola
CONTEXT: Intentional self-directed acts of injury are the most common among adolescents and young adults. Developmental psychopathology theories that conceptualize pathways to self-injurious behaviors (SIBs) implicate insecure attachment representations and inadequate self-regulatory skills to cope with emotional distress. AIMS: The study aimed to examine relationships between SIBs, attachment, and emotion regulation among college students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 470 participants from undergraduate and postgraduate colleges completed the functional assessment of self-mutilation questionnaire, attachment style questionnaire, and the difficulties in emotion regulation scale...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Naresh Nebhinani, Savita Chahal, Amit Jagtiani, Mamta Nebhinani, Rajiv Gupta
BACKGROUND: Majority of health professionals have unfavorable attitudes toward the patients presenting with self-harm, which further compromises their therapeutic endeavors and outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to assess the medical students' attitudes toward suicide attempters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care medical institute of Haryana, a Northern state of India. Two hundred and five final year medical students were recruited through total enumeration method...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Abhijit R Rozatkar, Abhishek Kapoor, Ajeet Sidana, Bir Singh Chavan
INTRODUCTION: Craving is recognized as a formidable barrier in the management of patients with alcohol dependence. Among pharmacological agents that have been used in experimental studies for reduction in craving, baclofen appears to have a significant advantage over other agents. METHODOLOGY: The study is retrospective chart review of patients (n = 113) who have been treated with baclofen for alcohol dependence in a tertiary hospital of North India. Baseline assessments included sociodemography, motivation, quantity-frequency of alcohol use, and other alcohol-related clinical parameters...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Anamika Sahu, Rajesh Sagar, Siddharth Sarkar, Sushma Sagar
Amputation is a major health burden on the families, society, and on medical services as well. Traumatic limb amputation is a catastrophic injury and an irreversible act which is sudden and emotionally devastating for the victims. In addition, it causes inability to support self and the family and driving many patients toward various psychiatric disorders. Extensive information regarding the effects of amputation has not been ascertained and therefore it was decided to do a systematic review. The goal of this review was to provide comprehensive information of peer-reviewed papers examining the psychological distress among amputees in India...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
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