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Industrial Psychiatry Journal

Manoj Kumar Sharma, G Ragesh, Thamil Selvan Palanichamy, Ameer Hamza, Prabha S Chandra, Santosh K Chaturvedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Jitender Aneja, Satyarth Jangli, Parmanand Kulhara, Manish Bathla
Suicide is an important cause of death worldwide, and India is not immune to this major health problem. Suicide by hanging is one of the lethal methods widely practiced. However, literature is very sparse as well as old in the context of neuropsychiatric consequences seen in those who survive such attempts. We present a case of a young boy who survived an attempted hanging and was left with neuropsychiatric sequelae in the form of retro/anterograde amnesia, aggression, lability of affect, and impaired memory and visuomotor deficits...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sathvik G Udayakumar, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Manjula Munivenkatappa, Paulomi M Sudhir, Seema Mehrotra, Noufal T Hameed
Background: Individuals undergoing training in competitive sports are required to deal with various challenges such as real and perceived pressures to perform and invest sustained efforts in rigorous training regimens. Global literature indicates successful inclusion of psychological components in the training of sportspersons. It is well recognized that training programs need to be designed keeping in view the local contextual factors as well as felt needs. However, there are very few studies from India that have explored felt needs of individuals training in competitive sports...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Anamika Sahu, Rishab Gupta, Sushma Sagar, Mohit Kumar, Rajesh Sagar
Background: Amputation following trauma is emerging as a major health burden on the medical services and on the families and the society as well. Loss of limbs causes inability to support self and the family that further leads to various psychiatric disorders in many patients. Therefore, the present study is planned to explore psychiatric comorbidity in patients with amputation following trauma. Materials and Methods: Fifty-nine amputees were recruited by consecutive sampling within 6-month period from amputation clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Vanteemar S Sreeraj, Seema Parija, N A Uvais, Sandhyarani Mohanty, Sudhir Kumar
Background: Nursing fraternity play a pivotal role in psychiatric services. Negative attitudes toward mental illness have been consistently reported in nursing students. Psychiatric conditions and persons suffering from them may elicit different kinds of attitudinal responses. Objective: The current study aimed at assessing the attitude toward mental illness and also at comparative evaluation of the attitude toward persons with different psychiatric, physical, and social conditions...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Bhushan Chaudhari, Daniel Saldanha, Adnan Kadiani, Roma Shahani
Background: Treatment nonadherence is a major obstacle in the successful management of schizophrenia. Finding out factors associated with nonadherence and the reasons for nonadherence are important to improve treatment adherence in patients with schizophrenia. This study was conceived to evaluate treatment adherence in patients with schizophrenia and the factors associated with it. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 50 consecutive patients with schizophrenia with the help of semi-structured pro forma consisting of sociodemographic details, information regarding illness and treatment history, (PANSS), and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 to assess medication adherence...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Suryakant C Deogade, Sudhanshu Saxena, Prateek Mishra
Introduction: Little is known about the relationships between adverse health effects and unhealthy behaviors among dental undergraduate students surfing social networking sites (SNSs). Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the associations between adverse health effects and unhealthy behaviors with social networking usage among dental students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a private university in Madhya Pradesh (India) among 300 dental undergraduate students...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sunil Goyal, Kalpana Srivastava, Chaitanya Kodange, Pookala Shivram Bhat
Background: The role of Immune system in the pathophysiology of depressive disorders is a field of active research, however Indian literature is sparse. The present study was planned to assess the immunological response in depression. Materials and Methods: The study comprised of 100 subjects. There were fifty cases of depression satisfying the ICD-10 criteria with no physical illness and HIV negative status and fifty age and sex matched healthy volunteers. Depression was assessed on HRSD and BDI scales...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Jayita Kedar Deodhar, Savita Sachin Goswami
Background: Health-care staff working in oncology setting experience excessive stress, which if unrelieved can lead to burnout. Staff support groups have been found beneficial. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the structure, process, and impact of a staff support group conducted for field workers involved in cancer screening in an urban tertiary cancer center in a developing country. Settings and Design: Retrospective analysis of staff support group conducted in a tertiary care cancer center...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Shivanand B Hiremath, Mahesh Desai
Context: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric condition seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals. Various biological, sociocultural, and economic factors make women more vulnerable to HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Depression affects medication adherence and immunity against HIV thus contribute significantly to disease progression. Aims: The aim is to assess the prevalence, sociodemographic, and clinical correlates of depression among women living with HIV/AIDS...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sheikh Shoib, Javid A Malik, Shariq Masoodi
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) often results in a wide range of psychological symptoms. The relationship of depressive disorders and depressive symptoms with body mass index (BMI) and severity of sleep apnea were the subject of numerous studies; results, however, were inconclusive in the majority of studies. Keeping this in view, we studied the correlates of depressive symptoms in patients with OSA. Relationships between BMI and depressive symptoms in patients with OSA. Methods: We performed polysomnography (PSG) studies of patients that were referred from various subspecialty clinics from July 2011 to August 2013...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Rupesh Ranjan, Richa Priyamvada, Gyanendra Kumar Jha, Suprakash Chaudhury
Background: Depressed patients are preoccupied with unhappy thoughts which reduce their capacity to focus on attention, memory, and other cognitive performance. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess neuropsychological deficits in elderly depressive and compare it with matched normal controls. Methods: After consideration of inclusion and exclusion criteria, the sample of 30 elderly depressive patients diagnosed on the basis of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition criteria and 30 normal controls were selected...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sudhinta Sinha
Background: Today, women's roles are emerging differently with new commitment and career oriented as well as commitment to families. So, this in turn leads to a number of stress and strain among working women. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the work-family conflict on psychological well-being experienced by working women and to determine whether social support has beneficial role in the psychological well-being of the working women...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Jaideep Kishore Patil, Ivan Stanley Netto, Suprakash Chaudhury, Daniel Saldanha
Background: There are very few Indian studies regarding the psychiatric evaluation of state government workers referred for psychiatric fitness for work. Aim: This study aimed to examine the reasons for referral, psychiatric diagnosis, and outcome of psychiatric referrals for fitness for work at a tertiary-level referral government hospital. Materials and Methods: The study evaluated consecutive psychiatric referrals at a tertiary-level referral government hospital with their informed consent utilizing a specially prepared pro forma, Kuppuswamy's Socioeconomic Status Scale and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview plus...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sneh Babhulkar, Ruchi Kothari, Praveen Khairkar
Background: Electrophysiological research has provided measures of dysfunction of visual pathway in schizophrenia through the use of visual evoked potential (VEP) as the neurophysiologic tool. Objective: The main objective of this study is to examine the morphology and topography of VEP responses in schizophrenic patients and to explore the potentiality of VEP as an endophenotype. Materials and Methods: The study included 20 patients of schizophrenia who were recruited from the outpatient and inpatient department of psychiatry of a tertiary care rural hospital...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Vishvanath Pise, Balaram Pradhan, Manmath M Gharote
Background: Children with developmental disabilities generally experience more pain than the normal children due to chronic systemic conditions associated with their disability. Description of pain is generally difficult in children and more so in children with intellectual disabilities (IDs). Yoga has been regarded as a kind of physical activity as well as a pain management strategy. Previous studies have reported the beneficial role of yoga in enhancing physical and psychomotor abilities of IDs; however, a validated yoga module (YM) for IDs is unavailable...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Bharat Singh Shekhawat, Supriya Agarwal, Shreyance Jain
Context: In India, patients with mental illness and mental retardation (MR) are cared by their families. In caregiving, problems such as disturbance of routine, family leisure, family health, and emotional stress can have a negative impact on quality of life (QOL). Aims: The purpose of this study is to assess and compare the QOL of the caregivers of children of early-onset psychosis (EOP) with caregivers of MR children and also to find out the correlation between sociodemographic variables and QOL...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Smitha Ramadas, Vyjayanthi Bonanthaya
Background: Quality of life (QOL) is a novel and holistic parameter in measuring health outcome. Recently, the concept is gaining importance as an outcome measure in illnesses, with a chronic and progressive course. Schizophrenia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are psychological and physical illnesses, respectively, which share this characteristic. Studies comparing the QOL of psychological and physical illnesses are few. The extant literature did not reveal any studies comparing the QOL of schizophrenia and COPD...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Puneet Khanna, Pookala Shivaram Bhat, J Jacob
Background: Long-term alcohol use leading to frontal lobe impairment has been a cause of concern for many decades. However, there are very few studies from India of evaluation of frontal lobe executive dysfunction among alcoholics. Hence, this study was undertaken to evaluate the frontal executive dysfunction using Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and perfusion deficits by Single-Photon Emission Computerized Tomography (SPECT) among alcohol-dependent patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the frontal executive dysfunction using WCST and frontal lobe perfusion deficits by SPECT among alcohol-dependent patients...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Diptarka Karmakar, Amitav Banerjee
Background: Anti-tobacco policies are focused on curbing smoking. Less attention is given to the use of smokeless tobacco use. This raises the concern whether these policies lead to increased use of smokeless tobacco use. The present study addresses this issue. Materials and Methods: A stratified random sample of 399 participants over 18 years and both genders were part of this cross-sectional study. They included an interview of urban and rural residents by house-to-house survey including outpatients, inpatients, and college students...
July 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
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