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Industrial Psychiatry Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659707/meige-s-syndrome
#1
Priyanka Gautam, Manjeet Singh Bhatia, Jaswinder Kaur, Anubhav Rathi
Meige's syndrome consists of idiopathic blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia. The exact etiology is not known and various hypotheses have been proposed for its causation. The hypothesis suggesting dopaminergic and cholinergic hyperactivity is most widely accepted. There is no curative drug for Meige's syndrome although a variety of treatments have been proposed. We report a case which responded to tetrabenazine.
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659706/two-cases-of-male-genital-self-mutilation
#2
Vinay Singh Chauhan, Prateek Yadav, Sunil Goyal, Sahabaz Ali Khan
Male genital self-mutilation (GSM) is a rare but serious phenomenon. Some of the risk factors for this act are the presence of religious delusions, command hallucinations, low self-esteem, and feelings of guilt associated with sexual offences. Other risk factors include failures in the male role, problems in the early developmental period, such as experiencing difficulties in male identification and persistence of incestuous desires, depression, and having a history of GSM. The eponym Klingsor Syndrome, which involves the presence of religious delusions, is proposed for GSM...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659705/aripiprazole-induced-skin-rash
#3
Santanu Nath, Sajjadur Rehman, Kamal Narayan Kalita, Aparajeeta Baruah
Adverse skin reactions are an important type of adverse drug reactions which have been reported with a wide variety of psychotropics including both typical and atypical antipsychotics. Like typical antipsychotics, atypical antipsychotics such as olanzapine, risperidone, and paliperidone have been documented to cause skin reactions. Reports of aripiprazole-induced skin reactions are sparse. We report a case of skin rash that developed after starting aripiprazole in a male patient suffering from schizophrenia and which remitted after the drug was stopped...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659704/high-dose-zolpidem-dependence-psychostimulant-effects-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Abhijna Chandan Chattopadhyay, Lekhansh Shukla, Arun Kandasamy, Vivek Benegal
Zolpidem, an imidazoline nonbenzodiazepine sedative drug, is used widely. Initial reports showed minimal abuse potential. However, multiple reports have appeared of dose escalation and abuse. Subjective effects of high-dose zolpidem are not known. In light of accumulating evidence of abuse potential, we hereby report a case of high-dose dependence and a review of relevant literature. A 33-year-old male presented with 5 years of daily use of 600-1700 mg of zolpidem tartrate. He reported subjective effects of euphoria, intense craving, and inability to stop use...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659703/mental-health-in-mass-gatherings
#5
Shahbaz Ali Khan, V S Chauhan, A Timothy, S Kalpana, Shagufta Khanam
BACKGROUND: Hajj pilgrimage, in Saudi Arabia, is one of the world's largest religious mass gatherings. We have similar mass gathering scenarios in India such as the Amarnath Yatra and Kumbh. A unique combination of physical, physiological, and psychological factors makes this pilgrimage a very stressful milieu. We studied the emergence of psychopathology and its determinants, in this adverse environment in mass gathering situation, in Indian pilgrims on Hajj 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study analyzing the mental morbidity in 1...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659702/a-comparative-study-of-quality-of-life-and-disability-among-schizophrenia-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients-in-remission
#6
Sarada Prasanna Swain, Sushree Sangita Behura
BACKGROUND: Persons with long-term psychiatric disorders have greater deficits in living skills as well as greater problems in employment and relationship to their social environment. Thus, chronic psychiatric illnesses have psychosocial consequences such as disability and impaired quality of life (QOL) due to their symptomatology and chronic course. OBJECTIVES: Assessment and comparison of disability and QOL of patients suffering from schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in remission phase...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659701/psychometric-assessment-of-anxiety-with-the-modified-dental-anxiety-scale-among-central-indian-adults-seeking-oral-health-care-to-a-dental-school
#7
Suryakant C Deogade, Vinay Suresan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety toward dental treatment can cause people to delay or avoid seeking oral health care despite being in need of treatment. Therefore, recognizing such anxious patients and their appropriate management plays important aspects in clinical practice. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of dental anxiety (DA), factors affecting it, and anxiety toward dental extraction among adults seeking dental care to a dental school in Central India...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659700/coping-perceived-stress-and-job-satisfaction-among-medical-interns-the-mediating-effect-of-mindfulness
#8
M Vinothkumar, A Arathi, Merin Joseph, Prasad Nayana, E Joshy Jishma, U Sahana
BACKGROUND: Past research studies on the exploration of attributes to the stress of doctors/medical interns were reported more often than the types of coping strategies, healthy practices to strengthen their internal resources to deal effectively with the stressful situations. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to find such internal resource - "mindfulness" as a mediator of coping, perceived stress, and job satisfaction among medical interns. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study comprised 120 medical interns forms from various medical colleges in Mangalore were recruited and completed the assessment on mindfulness, cognitive-emotive regulation, coping strategies, perceived stress, and job satisfaction from doctoral interns were collected...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659699/effect-of-environmental-factors-on-intelligence-quotient-of-children
#9
Archita Makharia, Abhishek Nagarajan, Aakanksha Mishra, Sandeep Peddisetty, Deepak Chahal, Yashpal Singh
INTRODUCTION: A child's intelligence quotient (IQ) is determined by both genetic and environmental factors that start from the prenatal period itself. There is a lack of data on the factors which influence IQ in Indian children; therefore, we conducted a multicenter questionnaire-based study to determine the environmental factors which influence IQ in Indian children. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, we recruited 1065 schoolchildren between the age of 12 and 16 years from 2 government and 13 private schools in 5 towns, 6 cities, and 2 villages across India...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659698/assessment-of-psychological-problems-in-schoolgoing-adolescents-of-aligarh
#10
Nafis Faizi, Suhail Ahmed Azmi, Anees Ahmad, M Salman Shah
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of physical, nutritional, and sexual transition, also remarkable for the accompanying psychological changes. Worldwide, 20% of children and adolescents suffer from a disabling mental illness. Therefore, knowledge of the prevalence of these disorders can be used to design intervention strategies. The present study was conducted in the 13-15 years' age group schoolgoing adolescents, with the objective to estimate the prevalence of psychological morbidity, employing Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659697/a-cross-sectional-assessment-of-stress-coping-and-burnout-in-the-final-year-medical-undergraduate-students
#11
Shantanu Singh, Jyoti Prakash, R C Das, Kalpana Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Medical students undergo significant stress during training which may lead to own suffering or problem in patient care. High level of burnouts and depression is also not uncommon. The transition from preclinical to clinical training has been regarded as crucial to student in relation to the stress. METHODOLOGY: An assessment of perceived stress and its relation to general psychopathology, the pattern of coping, and burnout in the final-year medical student was done to bring out clear nature, pattern, and extent of the problem...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659696/employability-of-mentally-ill-persons-in-india-a-self-report-based-population-study
#12
Chellamuthu Ramasubramanian, Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Rajesh Kannan Namasivayam
INTRODUCTION: The employment status of mentally ill patients is a reflection of their productivity, control of illness besides providing therapeutic benefits and integration into mainstream society. Owing to the associated stigma, self-reporting of mental illness (SRMI) often is rare. Census exercise of India in 2011 provides an insight of SRMI and employment status of such people. This study was undertaken to consider the role of gender, age group, and place on the employment status of SRMI...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659695/depression-and-risk-of-suicide-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-hospital-based-study
#13
Rupesh Kumar Chaudhary, Pankaj Kumar, Bholeshwar Prasad Mishra
BACKGROUND: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a chronic, distressing, anxiety disorder associated with significant functional impairment. Patient with OCD often suffer from one or more co-morbid disorders. Major depression has been the most common co-morbid syndrome. Comorbid Axis I disorders along with increased severity of comorbid depressive and anxiety symptoms, increased severity of obsessions, feelings of hopelessness and past history of suicide attempts have been associated with worsening levels of suicidality in OCD (Angelakis I, Gooding P...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659694/predictors-of-the-work-related-depressive-symptoms-among-blue-collar-male-employees-of-an-industrial-unit-in-iran
#14
Masoud Lotfizadeh, Shadi Rahimzadeh, Saeid Zareiy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Possible associations between depressive symptoms and work-related parameters have frequently been discussed in the literature. The present study was aimed to evaluate the work-related depressive symptoms and their possible-related parameters among male employees of Esfahan Steel Company (ESCO) as one of the most important industrial sites in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With a cross-sectional design and a stratified random sampling method in 2010, a total of 400 male employees were enrolled from the operational parts of the ESCO...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659693/insomnia-dreams-and-suicide-connecting-links
#15
Sagar B Karia, Nirali Mehta, Devavrat Harshe, Avinash De Sousa, Nilesh Shah
INTRODUCTION: A growing empirical literature has examined insomnia symptoms as a possible risk factor for a range of suicidal behavior. Not much literature is available in normal adolescent population. AIMS: The aim is to find insomnia prevalence, studying various dream factors, and suicidality prevalence among students of various courses. To check if there is a relation between insomnia and suicidal behavior and dreams, particularly nightmares and suicide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 students of various courses were assessed using Insomnia Severity Index and The Mannheim Dream Questionnaire and Suicide Behaviour Questionnaire...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659692/-one-level-more-a-narrative-review-on-internet-gaming-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Kamal Nath, Chiradeep Sengupta
Due to explosive growth in technology and internet usage in the last few years, internet gaming disorder (IGD) has manifested as rapidly growing public health problem mainly affecting the teen and preteen population worldwide. It has a negative impact upon physical, psychological, social, and occupational functioning of the affected individual, often leading to severe consequences. It was only recently that it has been recognized as a separate diagnosable disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659691/negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#17
REVIEW
Sayantanava Mitra, Tathagata Mahintamani, Anjana Rao Kavoor, S Haque Nizamie
The negative symptoms have been described in association with schizophrenia since the early days of it being recognized as an entity. However, their elusive nature kept them unacknowledged until there was a revival of interest in them following the development of specific quantifying measures. Over the past three decades, there has been a tremendous surge in research on their types, measurements, status in the present classificatory system, and their implications. The developments in modern investigatory methods have provided the researchers with fresh insights into the underlying mechanisms, and a distributed functioning of the neuronal networks has emerged as the major abnormality...
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659690/mental-health-awareness-the-indian-scenario
#18
EDITORIAL
Kalpana Srivastava, Kaushik Chatterjee, Pookala Shivaram Bhat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163420/aripiprazole-induced-priapism
#19
Satya K Trivedi, Ajish G Mangot, Siddhartha Sinha
Priapism is a urologic emergency representing a true disorder of penile erection that persists beyond or is unrelated to sexual interest or stimulation. A variety of psychotropic drugs are known to produce priapism, albeit rarely, through their antagonistic action on alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. We report such a case of priapism induced by a single oral dose of 10 mg aripiprazole, a drug with the least affinity to adrenergic receptors among all atypical antipsychotics. Polymorphism of alpha-2A adrenergic receptor gene in schizophrenia patients is known to be associated with sialorrhea while on clozapine treatment...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163419/a-rare-case-of-alektorophobia-treated-successfully-with-graded-exposure-therapy
#20
Satyakant K Trivedi, Ajish G Mangot, Ravindra N Munoli
Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by circumscribed, marked fear or anxiety to a specific object or situation which is out of proportion to the actual danger posed by the concerned object or situation. Worldwide, the prevalence of specific phobia has been found to be 16% in 13-17 years olds. In India, specific phobia has been identified as one of the most common disorders in the school-going age group, with the prevalence of approximately 4.2%. Alektorophobia is the specific term for phobia to hen/chickens...
January 2016: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
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