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Industrial Psychiatry Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456333/selfie-use-the-implications-for-psychopathology-expression-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#1
Anisha Khanna, Manoj Kumar Sharma
Preoccupation with a body part can lead to indulgence in various forms of coping behavior. Users are frequently using technology as well as selfie to overcome their anxiety to relate to a body part as well as get approval from other online users. The present case highlights the excessive use of selfie to manage the distress-related body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Psychiatric interview and assessment tools were used to elicit information about BDD, technology use, and affective states. Repeated use of selfie has been thought to manage the distress associated with appearance...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456332/clozapine-induced-hypertension-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Sandeep Grover, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Sonali Mahajan
There are very few reports which suggest an association between clozapine and hypertension. We report a case in which a direct link of initiation of clozapine to development of hypertension which required pharmacological intervention. A 32-year-old male who did not have any history of hypertension and had normal blood pressure at the baseline developed high blood pressure (i.e., 150/90 mmHg) while on clozapine 100 mg/day. Reduction of the dose of clozapine to 75 mg/day led to the return of blood pressure to baseline, with increase in blood pressure to 150/90 mmHg on increasing the dose of clozapine again, requiring tablet atenolol 50 mg/day for normalization of blood pressure with concomitant continuation of atenolol...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456331/valproate-induced-hyperammonemic-encephalopathy-treated-by-haemodialysis
#3
Vinay Singh Chauhan, Siddarth Dixit, Sunil Goyal, Sudip Azad
Valproate (VPA)-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy is an unusual, but serious, adverse effect of divalproex sodium (DVPX) treatment and if untreated can lead to raised intracranial pressure, seizures, coma, and eventually death. It can, however, be reversed if an early diagnosis is made. It is therefore extremely important to recognize it and discontinue DVPX treatment. Our patient developed sudden deterioration of sensorium, drowsiness, lethargy, and later severe comatose state after few days of starting DVPX with high levels of serum ammonia despite therapeutic levels of VPA and normal liver function test...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456330/a-study-of-individuals-with-intentional-self-harm-referred-to-psychiatry-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#4
Bheemsain Tekkalaki, Anil Nischal, Adarsh Tripathi, Amit Arya
Background: Intentional self- harm (ISH) is one of the commonest yet neglected entities of Consultation liaison Psychiatry. More researches in the field of ISH are needed to effectively manage this problem. Aim: To study the socio-demographic and clinical profile of subjects of ISH referred to Psychiatry in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: All subjects of ISH referred to department of Psychiatry, of a tertiary centre, on specified days were recruited in to the study after obtaining an informed consent...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456329/a-descriptive-study-of-behavioral-problems-in-schoolgoing-children
#5
Anindya Kumar Gupta, Monica Mongia, Ajoy Kumar Garg
Background: Behavioral problems among schoolgoing children are of significant concern to teachers and parents. These are known to have both immediate and long-term unfavorable consequences. Despite the high prevalence, studies on psychiatric morbidity among school children are lacking in our country. Materials and Methods: Five hundred children aged 6-18 years were randomly selected from a government school in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, and assessed for cognitive, emotional, or behavioral problems using standardized tools...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456328/prevalence-of-depression-and-its-relation-to-stress-level-among-medical-students-in-puducherry-india
#6
S Ganesh Kumar, Shivanand Kattimani, Sonali Sarkar, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
Background: Currently, depression among medical students is an important health issue at the global level. There is also a paucity of information on its relation to the stress level. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of depression and its relation to stress level and other factors among medical students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students at a tertiary care medical institution in Puducherry, coastal south India...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456327/study-of-insomnia-in-rotating-shift-workers
#7
Kaushik Chatterjee, Prakash Ambekar
Background: Shift-workers commonly suffer from insomnia. This study evaluates different domains of insomnia. Aim: This study was aimed to study sleep and insomnia in rotating shift-workers and compare with day-workers. Materials and Methods: This was case-control study. The sleep of rotating shift-workers is compared with day workers using Athens Insomnia Scale. Results: Rotating shift-workers had significantly higher scores on Athens insomnia scale on domains of initial, intermediate and terminal insomnia than day workers...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456326/effect-of-type-of-schooling-and-gender-on-sociability-and-shyness-among-students
#8
Archana Singh, Rajbir Singh
Background: Sociability and shyness are orthogonal personality traits, wherein both are characterized by varying behavioral and psychophysiological correlates. Shyness should not be equated with the lack of sociability, as shyness relates to discomfort that occurs in the presence of others and sociability is identified with an individual's preference for being with others rather than alone. Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of type of schooling on sociability and shyness among students and to study the gender differences between sociability and shyness among students...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456325/a-study-on-different-forms-of-intelligence-in-indian-school-going-children
#9
Yashpal Singh, Archita Makharia, Abhilasha Sharma, Kruti Agrawal, Gowtham Varma, Tarun Yadav
Introduction: Most definitions of intelligence focus on capabilities that are relevant to scholastic performances. However, there are seven forms of intelligences. There is a lack of data on multiple intelligences in Indian children. Hence, this study was conducted to assess different forms of intelligences in students and compared these diverse intelligences with intelligence quotient (IQ) scores. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, we recruited 1065 school children between the age of 12 and 16 years from two government and 13 private schools in five towns, six cities, and two villages across India...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456324/stress-and-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-having-academic-difficulty
#10
Priti Arun, Rohit Garg, Bir Singh Chavan
Background and Objectives: Academically typically achieving adolescents were compared with students having academic difficulty on stress and suicidal ideas. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 75 academically typically achieving adolescents were compared with 105 students with academic difficulty and 52 students with specific learning disability (SLD). Academic functioning was assessed using teacher's screening instrument, intelligence quotient, and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences index for SLD...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456323/cross-sectional-study-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-students-in-preexamination-period
#11
Prateek Yadav, Vinay Singh Chauhan, P S Bhat, Nidhi Agarwal, Charu Yadav, Sameer Bhatia
Background: Preexamination period is an exceptionally stressful time for schoolgoing children and adolescents, and the propensity of having anxiety symptoms increases. Aim: This study aimed to assess the presence of anxiety symptoms in students in preexamination period. Materials and Methods: The study was carried on 619 children from Class VIII to XI. All of them were given a structured questionnaire for sociodemographic profile and Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders questionnaire...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456322/images-of-psychiatry-attitude-survey-of-teaching-medical-specialists-of-india
#12
Suravi Patra, Binod Kumar Patro, Naresh Nebhinani
Context: Attitude of teaching medical specialists shapes those of future doctors. Region-specific data on teaching medical specialists' attitudes toward psychiatry (ATP) are lacking from India. Aims: This study aimed to assess the attitudes of teaching medical specialists toward psychiatry and its association with sociodemographic profile and career stage. Settings and Design: This is a cross-sectional descriptive survey. Materials and Methods: Attitude towards psychiatry (ATP) was assessed from 188 specialists from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Bhubaneswar and AIIMS Jodhpur using modified ATP scale-30...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456321/study-of-personality-traits-individual-coping-resources-and-their-association-in-hiv-seropositive-males
#13
Prateek Yadav, Debajyoti Bhattacharyya, Kalpana Srivastava, Neha Salhotra
Background: HIV infection is an unfortunate consequence of a defined set of behaviors. Individuals with continued high-risk behavior either due to personality factors or due to maladaptive coping skills have higher viral loads and morbidity. Research has shown significant interactions between less effective coping styles and personality factors. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate personality traits, coping skills, and their association in male HIV-seropositive cases...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456320/failure-to-utilize-feedback-during-explicit-decision-making-task-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#14
B N Roopesh, Manoj K Sharma, Saswatika Tripathy, Vivek Benegal
Background: Patients who are diagnosed with alcohol-dependent syndrome (ADS) are shown to have neuropsychological deficits, especially executive function (EF) deficits. Among the EFs, decision-making is one such function which has consistently been shown to be impaired in people who are dependent on alcohol, compared to controls. Decision-making in this population is usually assessed with gambling-type tasks. However, some of these tasks are ambiguous, work on chance factors, rarely match with real-life gambling situations, and/or involve nonconscious mechanisms...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456319/lifetime-alcohol-consumption-and-severity-in-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#15
Arun Kumar Dwivedi, Kaushik Chatterjee, Ranveer Singh
Introduction: Alcohol dependence syndrome is a major public health issue globally and is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. The total dose of alcohol consumed has been linked to liver diseases, pancreatitis, and other alcohol-related medical consequences. However, this has not been studied in relation to severity of dependence; although it is well known that alcohol causes neuronal damage, which in turn potentiates dependence. Thus, there is a need to study the relationship between the amount of alcohol consumed and severity of dependence...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456318/characteristics-of-suicidal-attempts-among-farmers-in-rural-south-india
#16
Ravi S Kumar, Uzma Hashim
Background: Globally, farming as an industry is considered a high-risk occupation for suicides. Certain states in India like Karnataka have a suicide rate higher than the national average, and this is generally attributed to the farmers' suicide. Aims: The aim is to study the characteristics of suicidal attempts among the farmer community in South India, with special emphasis on gender differences, modes used, and the immediate precipitant causes. Materials and Methods: Retrospective, case register-based, explorative-descriptive study of 426 consecutive medicolegal case files of patients whose stated occupation was farming and who were admitted as cases of deliberate self-harm or suicide attempt to a rural tertiary care hospital in rural South India...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456317/clinico-psycho-social-profile-of-patients-brought-under-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-care-in-a-large-tertiary-care-referral-hospital
#17
P Patra, K J Divinakumar, Jyoti Prakash, B Patra, R Chakraborty
Objective: The aim of this study was to access the clinico-psycho-social profile of patients brought under consultation-liaison (CL) psychiatry care in a large tertiary care referral hospital. Materials and Methods: This study included all patients who were referred for CL psychiatry from among the inpatients in the hospital and the emergency department (during off working hours of the hospital) over a period of 1 year. Data were obtained and analyzed in terms of where was the referral placed, by whom, the reason for placing the referral, the primary medical/surgical diagnosis of the patient, the presenting complaints, any past psychiatric history, the psychiatric diagnosis (as per the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition), the investigations advised and their reports, the treatment advised (psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological), the sociodemographic profile of the patients, and the follow-up details...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456316/prevalence-and-patterns-of-tobacco-use-and-nicotine-dependence-among-males-industrial-workers
#18
K J Divinakumar, P Patra, Jyoti Prakash, Arun Daniel
Background: Tobacco use is an important preventable health risk factor in India. Aim: This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of current tobacco use, factors and extent of dependence associated with its use among male workers of an industrial organization. Materials and Methods: A total of 759 participants randomly selected from the population of employees were administered questionnaire in Hindi containing demographic profile, patterns of smoking, and use of smokeless tobacco and alcohol...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456315/stressful-life-events-and-severity-of-alcohol-consumption-in-male-psychiatric-inpatients
#19
Amitabh Saha, Suprakash Chaudhury, Daniel Saldanha, Kalpana Srivastava
Aim: To assess the levels of alcohol consumption and the level of stress faced by male patients hospitalized with psychiatric disorders in a military hospital. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 consecutive patients admitted to a tertiary care psychiatric center and 100 controls. The patients with psychiatric ailments were first stabilized mentally and physically and then assessed. For the collection of demographic data, a questionnaire was prepared which was administered to all patients...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456314/child-sexual-abuse-and-the-development-of-psychiatric-disorders-a-neurobiological-trajectory-of-pathogenesis
#20
REVIEW
Amresh K Shrivastava, Sagar B Karia, Sushma S Sonavane, Avinash A De Sousa
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is an important public health problem with long-standing neurobiological, developmental, and psychiatric abnormalities. The present review analyzes the long-term effects of CSA from a developmental, psychiatric morbidity, neurochemical and neurobiological perspective and then tries to posit a developmental neurobiological trajectory from CSA to the genesis of psychopathology in later life. The role of various neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine affected by CSA are discussed...
January 2017: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
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