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Depression Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093971/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-variables-and-sleep-quality-in-students-of-medical-sciences
#1
Majid Najafi Kalyani, Nahid Jamshidi, Javad Salami, Elahe Pourjam
Objectives: Students of medical sciences are exposed to many emotional and mental problems. In light of the importance of sleep quality in learning and liveliness, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between psychological variables (stress, anxiety, and depression) and sleep quality of students. Design: This research is a cross-sectional analytical study, where all students studying at Fasa University of Medical Sciences in 2012-2013 year were selected...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912969/migration-related-stressors-and-their-effect-on-the-severity-level-and-symptom-pattern-of-depression-among-vietnamese-in-germany
#2
Simon Wolf, Eric Hahn, Michael Dettling, Main Huong Nguyen, Katja Wingenfeld, Markus Stingl, Bernd Hanewald, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVES: Vietnamese in Germany represent a scarcely researched and vulnerable group for mental health problems, especially under exposure to migration-related stressors (MRS). This study analyzes the effect of those MRS on the severity level and symptom pattern of depression. DESIGN: We analyzed the data of 137 depressed Vietnamese patients utilizing Germany's first Vietnamese psychiatric outpatient clinic. Hierarchical linear regression models were applied to investigate how the quantity of MRS influenced (1) the overall severity of self-reported depression symptoms; (2) the cognitive, affective, and somatic BDI-II subscale; and (3) the single BDI-II items of these subscales...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848679/expression-of-concern-on-invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840042/a-review-of-the-conceptualisation-and-risk-factors-associated-with-treatment-resistant-depression
#4
REVIEW
Jenifer A Murphy, Jerome Sarris, Gerard J Byrne
Major depression does not always remit. Difficult-to-treat depression is thought to contribute to the large disease burden posed by depression. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is the conventional term for nonresponse to treatment in individuals with major depression. Indicators of the phenomenon are the poor response rates to antidepressants in clinical practice and the overestimation of the efficacy of antidepressants in medical scientific literature. Current TRD staging models are based on anecdotal evidence without an empirical rationale to rank one treatment strategy above another...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831310/spiritual-struggle-in-parents-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-increases-odds-of-depression
#5
Rhonda D Szczesniak, Yuanshu Zou, Sophia M Stamper, Daniel H Grossoehme
OBJECTIVE: Spiritual struggle (SS) is associated with poorer health outcomes including depression. The study's main objectives were to characterize change in depression over time, examine longitudinal associations between SS and depression, and determine the extent to which experiencing SS at baseline was predictive of developing depression at follow-up. METHODS: A two-site study collected questionnaire responses of parents (N = 112; 72% female) of children with cystic fibrosis followed longitudinally...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713591/the-effect-of-partnership-care-model-on-mental-health-of-patients-with-thalassemia-major
#6
Afzal Shamsi, Fardin Amiri, Abbas Ebadi, Musab Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia major has become a public health problem worldwide, particularly in developing and poor countries, while the role of educating the family and community has not been considered enough in patients' care. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the impact of partnership care model on mental health of patients with beta-thalassemia major. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This experimental study, with pretest and posttest design, was performed on patients with beta-thalassemia major in Jiroft city...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084473/response-to-comment-on-invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#7
COMMENT
D Paul Sullins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078137/comment-on-invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#8
COMMENT
Nathaniel Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025621/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#9
Faeze Panahi, Mahbobeh Faramarzi
Objective. Little research has been done regarding the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on the PMS symptoms and depression and anxiety symptoms in women with PMS. Design. In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 students at Mazandaran University with mild to moderate PMS who had depressive symptoms (Beck depression scores 16-47) were randomly allocated to either an experimental (n = 30) or a control (n = 30) group...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847645/the-connections-of-pregnancy-delivery-and-infant-related-risk-factors-and-negative-life-events-on-postpartum-depression-and-their-role-in-first-and-recurrent-depression
#10
Pirjo Kettunen, Eeva Koistinen, Jukka Hintikka
Introduction. The aim of this study is to assess how negative life events and adverse experiences with pregnancy, delivery, the infant(s), and breastfeeding cessation impact on postpartum depression (PPD), specifically in first lifetime and recurrent depression. Method. The study group comprised 104 mothers with a current episode of PPD and a control group of 104 mothers who did not have current PPD. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) was used for data collection. The course of the depression, adverse experiences, and breastfeeding were assessed by self-reports...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747101/suicidal-ideation-attempt-and-determining-factors-among-hiv-aids-patients-ethiopia
#11
Huluagresh Bitew, Gashaw Andargie, Agitu Tadesse, Amsalu Belete, Wubalem Fekadu, Tesfa Mekonen
Background. Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. Suicide is more frequent in peoples living with HIV/AIDS than in general population. Objective. To assess the proportion and determining factors of suicidal ideation and attempt among peoples living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. Methods. Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2015 by selecting 393 participants using systematic random sampling technique. Suicide manual of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to collect data...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703808/depressive-symptoms-among-latino-sexual-minority-men-and-latina-transgender-women-in-a-new-settlement-state-the-role-of-perceived-discrimination
#12
Christina J Sun, Alice Ma, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann, Beth A Reboussin, Manuel Garcia, Jorge Alonzo, Scott D Rhodes
Background. Little is known about the role of discrimination on depression among Latino sexual and gender identity minorities. This manuscript examined the relationship between ethnic/racial discrimination and sexual discrimination on clinically significant depressive symptoms among Latino sexual minority men (i.e., gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men) and Latina transgender women. Methods. A community-based participatory research partnership recruited participants (N = 186; 80.6% cisgender men) in North Carolina to a social network-based HIV intervention...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635258/prevalence-of-antenatal-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-abeokuta-north-local-government-area-nigeria
#13
Okechukwu Thompson, IkeOluwapo Ajayi
Objective. The prevalence of antenatal depression (AD) and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Abeokuta North Local Government Area, Nigeria, was determined. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted, interviewing 314 pregnant women selected by multistage sampling technique from among those attending antenatal clinics. Information was collected using structured questionnaire and a screening tool, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), to assess probable depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313882/invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#14
D Paul Sullins
The relationship of elevated depression risk recently discovered among adult persons raised by same-sex parents with possible precipitating conditions in childhood has not previously been acknowledged. This study tests whether such inattention is supportable. Logistic regression based risk ratios were estimated from longitudinal measures of mental health outcomes observed in three waves (at ages 15, 22, and 28) of the US National Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 15,701). At age 28, the adults raised by same-sex parents were at over twice the risk of depression (CES-D: risk ratio 2...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148457/breastfeeding-and-postpartum-depression-an-overview-and-methodological-recommendations-for-future-research
#15
REVIEW
Carley J Pope, Dwight Mazmanian
Emerging research suggests that a relationship exists between breastfeeding and postpartum depression; however, the direction and precise nature of this relationship are not yet clear. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum depression as it has been examined in the empirical literature. Also, the potential mechanisms of action that have been implicated in this relationship are also explored. PubMed and PsycINFO were searched using the keywords: breastfeeding with postpartum depression, perinatal depression, postnatal depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069680/prevalence-and-severity-of-depression-and-its-association-with-substance-use-in-jimma-town-southwest-ethiopia
#16
Andualem Mossie, Dagmawi Kindu, Alemayehu Negash
Background. Depression is a significant contributor to the global burden of disease and affects 350 million people worldwide. Substance use could be the risk factor for depression. Objective. We aim to determine the prevalence and severity of depression and its association with substance use. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 650 respondents in Jimma town in March 2014. A multistage stratified sampling method was conducted. Structured questionnaire and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-II) scale were used for data collection...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042347/psychometric-limitations-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-for-assessing-depressive-symptoms-among-adults-with-hiv-aids-a-rasch-analysis
#17
Caryl L Gay, Anders Kottorp, Anners Lerdal, Kathryn A Lee
The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale is a widely used measure of depressive symptoms, but its psychometric properties have not been adequately evaluated among adults with HIV/AIDS. This study used an item response theory approach (Rasch analysis) to evaluate the CES-D's validity and reliability in relation to key demographic and clinical variables in adults with HIV/AIDS. A convenience sample of 347 adults with HIV/AIDS (231 males, 93 females, and 23 transgenders; age range 22-77 years) completed the CES-D...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042346/a-possible-role-of-anhedonia-as-common-substrate-for-depression-and-anxiety
#18
REVIEW
Luigi Grillo
Depression and anxiety are often comorbid, in up to 70% of cases, and the level of one or the other may fluctuate, leading now to a diagnosis of depression, now to a diagnosis of anxiety. For these reasons, and for the presence of many other common factors, it has been suggested that both are part of the same continuum of problems and that they have a common substrate. This paper proposes the possibility that anhedonia may be an important component of this possible common substrate, and it tries to identify the mechanism with which anhedonia could contribute to causing both depression and anxiety...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981278/symptom-endorsement-and-sociodemographic-correlates-of-postnatal-distress-in-three-low-income-countries
#19
Amanda J Nguyen, Emily E Haroz, Tamar Mendelson, Judith Bass
Background. Maternal mental illness has been implicated in adverse child development outcomes. Factors such as context and culture may influence experiences of maternal distress and explain differences in outcomes across settings. Methods. We analyzed baseline data from 5,647 mothers in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), and Vietnam participating in an ongoing cohort study (Young Lives) to compare symptom endorsement and sociodemographic correlates of distress. Maternal distress was assessed using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 Items (cutoff: ≥8)...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881069/efficacy-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-bipolar-disorder-with-mixed-features
#20
Miguel Palma, Berta Ferreira, Nuno Borja-Santos, Bruno Trancas, Céu Monteiro, Graça Cardoso
Introduction. Mixed states represent a frequent presentation of bipolar disorder, associated with higher resistance to psychopharmacology. Limited evidence supports the use of ECT in these patients. We aim to report our experience on treating bipolar mixed states with ECT. Methods. Retrospective data were collected from all bipolar patients submitted to acute ECT treatment, between June 2006 and June 2011. Three groups were created in terms of affective polarity of the episode. CGI rating was used to establish clinical remission and demographic and clinical variables were compared among groups...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
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