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Depression Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686898/a-psychometric-properties-evaluation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale
#1
Giovanni Galeoto, Julita Sansoni, Michela Scuccimarri, Valentina Bruni, Rita De Santis, Mariele Colucci, Donatella Valente, Marco Tofani
Objective: The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is an evaluation tool to diagnose older adult's depression. This questionnaire was defined by Yesavage and Brink in 1982; it was designed expressly for the older person and defines his/her degree of satisfaction, quality of life, and feelings. The objective of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-IT). Methods: The Italian version of the Geriatric Depression Scale was administered to 119 people (79 people with a depression diagnosis and 40 healthy ones)...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682345/the-effect-of-interpersonal-counseling-for-subthreshold-depression-in-undergraduates-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ami Yamamoto, Emi Tsujimoto, Reiko Taketani, Noa Tsujii, Osamu Shirakawa, Hisae Ono
Background: Subthreshold depression and poor stress coping strategies are major public health problems among undergraduates. Interpersonal counseling (IPC) is a brief structured psychological intervention originally designed for use in primary care to treat depressive patients whose symptoms arose from current life stress. Objectives: This study examined the efficacy of IPC in treating subthreshold depression and coping strategies among undergraduates in school counseling...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610683/assigning-clinical-significance-and-symptom-severity-using-the-zung-scales-levels-of-misclassification-arising-from-confusion-between-index-and-raw-scores
#3
Debra A Dunstan, Ned Scott
Background: The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) are two norm-referenced scales commonly used to identify the presence of depression and anxiety in clinical research. Unfortunately, several researchers have mistakenly applied index score criteria to raw scores when assigning clinical significance and symptom severity ratings. This study examined the extent of this problem. Method: 102 papers published over the six-year period from 2010 to 2015 were used to establish two convenience samples of 60 usages of each Zung scale...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333294/addressing-adolescent-depression-in-tanzania-positive-primary-care-workforce-outcomes-using-a-training-cascade-model
#4
Stan Kutcher, Yifeng Wei, Heather Gilberds, Adena Brown, Omary Ubuguyu, Tasiana Njau, Norman Sabuni, Ayoub Magimba, Kevin Perkins
Background: This is a report on the outcomes of a training program for community clinic healthcare providers in identification, diagnosis, and treatment of adolescent Depression in Tanzania using a training cascade model. Methods: Lead trainers adapted a Canadian certified adolescent Depression program for use in Tanzania to train clinic healthcare providers in the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of Depression in young people. As part of this training program, the knowledge, attitudes, and a number of other outcomes pertaining to healthcare providers and healthcare practice were assessed...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093971/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-variables-and-sleep-quality-in-students-of-medical-sciences
#5
Majid Najafi Kalyani, Nahid Jamshidi, Javad Salami, Elahe Pourjam
Objectives: Students of medical sciences are exposed to many emotional and mental problems. In light of the importance of sleep quality in learning and liveliness, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between psychological variables (stress, anxiety, and depression) and sleep quality of students. Design: This research is a cross-sectional analytical study, where all students studying at Fasa University of Medical Sciences in 2012-2013 year were selected...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912969/migration-related-stressors-and-their-effect-on-the-severity-level-and-symptom-pattern-of-depression-among-vietnamese-in-germany
#6
Simon Wolf, Eric Hahn, Michael Dettling, Main Huong Nguyen, Katja Wingenfeld, Markus Stingl, Bernd Hanewald, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVES: Vietnamese in Germany represent a scarcely researched and vulnerable group for mental health problems, especially under exposure to migration-related stressors (MRS). This study analyzes the effect of those MRS on the severity level and symptom pattern of depression. DESIGN: We analyzed the data of 137 depressed Vietnamese patients utilizing Germany's first Vietnamese psychiatric outpatient clinic. Hierarchical linear regression models were applied to investigate how the quantity of MRS influenced (1) the overall severity of self-reported depression symptoms; (2) the cognitive, affective, and somatic BDI-II subscale; and (3) the single BDI-II items of these subscales...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848679/expression-of-concern-on-invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840042/a-review-of-the-conceptualisation-and-risk-factors-associated-with-treatment-resistant-depression
#8
REVIEW
Jenifer A Murphy, Jerome Sarris, Gerard J Byrne
Major depression does not always remit. Difficult-to-treat depression is thought to contribute to the large disease burden posed by depression. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is the conventional term for nonresponse to treatment in individuals with major depression. Indicators of the phenomenon are the poor response rates to antidepressants in clinical practice and the overestimation of the efficacy of antidepressants in medical scientific literature. Current TRD staging models are based on anecdotal evidence without an empirical rationale to rank one treatment strategy above another...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831310/spiritual-struggle-in-parents-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-increases-odds-of-depression
#9
Rhonda D Szczesniak, Yuanshu Zou, Sophia M Stamper, Daniel H Grossoehme
OBJECTIVE: Spiritual struggle (SS) is associated with poorer health outcomes including depression. The study's main objectives were to characterize change in depression over time, examine longitudinal associations between SS and depression, and determine the extent to which experiencing SS at baseline was predictive of developing depression at follow-up. METHODS: A two-site study collected questionnaire responses of parents (N = 112; 72% female) of children with cystic fibrosis followed longitudinally...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713591/the-effect-of-partnership-care-model-on-mental-health-of-patients-with-thalassemia-major
#10
Afzal Shamsi, Fardin Amiri, Abbas Ebadi, Musab Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia major has become a public health problem worldwide, particularly in developing and poor countries, while the role of educating the family and community has not been considered enough in patients' care. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the impact of partnership care model on mental health of patients with beta-thalassemia major. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This experimental study, with pretest and posttest design, was performed on patients with beta-thalassemia major in Jiroft city...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084473/response-to-comment-on-invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#11
COMMENT
D Paul Sullins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078137/comment-on-invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#12
COMMENT
Nathaniel Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025621/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#13
Faeze Panahi, Mahbobeh Faramarzi
Objective. Little research has been done regarding the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on the PMS symptoms and depression and anxiety symptoms in women with PMS. Design. In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 students at Mazandaran University with mild to moderate PMS who had depressive symptoms (Beck depression scores 16-47) were randomly allocated to either an experimental (n = 30) or a control (n = 30) group...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847645/the-connections-of-pregnancy-delivery-and-infant-related-risk-factors-and-negative-life-events-on-postpartum-depression-and-their-role-in-first-and-recurrent-depression
#14
Pirjo Kettunen, Eeva Koistinen, Jukka Hintikka
Introduction. The aim of this study is to assess how negative life events and adverse experiences with pregnancy, delivery, the infant(s), and breastfeeding cessation impact on postpartum depression (PPD), specifically in first lifetime and recurrent depression. Method. The study group comprised 104 mothers with a current episode of PPD and a control group of 104 mothers who did not have current PPD. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) was used for data collection. The course of the depression, adverse experiences, and breastfeeding were assessed by self-reports...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747101/suicidal-ideation-attempt-and-determining-factors-among-hiv-aids-patients-ethiopia
#15
Huluagresh Bitew, Gashaw Andargie, Agitu Tadesse, Amsalu Belete, Wubalem Fekadu, Tesfa Mekonen
Background. Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. Suicide is more frequent in peoples living with HIV/AIDS than in general population. Objective. To assess the proportion and determining factors of suicidal ideation and attempt among peoples living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. Methods. Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2015 by selecting 393 participants using systematic random sampling technique. Suicide manual of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to collect data...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703808/depressive-symptoms-among-latino-sexual-minority-men-and-latina-transgender-women-in-a-new-settlement-state-the-role-of-perceived-discrimination
#16
Christina J Sun, Alice Ma, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann, Beth A Reboussin, Manuel Garcia, Jorge Alonzo, Scott D Rhodes
Background. Little is known about the role of discrimination on depression among Latino sexual and gender identity minorities. This manuscript examined the relationship between ethnic/racial discrimination and sexual discrimination on clinically significant depressive symptoms among Latino sexual minority men (i.e., gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men) and Latina transgender women. Methods. A community-based participatory research partnership recruited participants (N = 186; 80.6% cisgender men) in North Carolina to a social network-based HIV intervention...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635258/prevalence-of-antenatal-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-abeokuta-north-local-government-area-nigeria
#17
Okechukwu Thompson, IkeOluwapo Ajayi
Objective. The prevalence of antenatal depression (AD) and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Abeokuta North Local Government Area, Nigeria, was determined. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted, interviewing 314 pregnant women selected by multistage sampling technique from among those attending antenatal clinics. Information was collected using structured questionnaire and a screening tool, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), to assess probable depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313882/invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#18
D Paul Sullins
The relationship of elevated depression risk recently discovered among adult persons raised by same-sex parents with possible precipitating conditions in childhood has not previously been acknowledged. This study tests whether such inattention is supportable. Logistic regression based risk ratios were estimated from longitudinal measures of mental health outcomes observed in three waves (at ages 15, 22, and 28) of the US National Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 15,701). At age 28, the adults raised by same-sex parents were at over twice the risk of depression (CES-D: risk ratio 2...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148457/breastfeeding-and-postpartum-depression-an-overview-and-methodological-recommendations-for-future-research
#19
REVIEW
Carley J Pope, Dwight Mazmanian
Emerging research suggests that a relationship exists between breastfeeding and postpartum depression; however, the direction and precise nature of this relationship are not yet clear. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum depression as it has been examined in the empirical literature. Also, the potential mechanisms of action that have been implicated in this relationship are also explored. PubMed and PsycINFO were searched using the keywords: breastfeeding with postpartum depression, perinatal depression, postnatal depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069680/prevalence-and-severity-of-depression-and-its-association-with-substance-use-in-jimma-town-southwest-ethiopia
#20
Andualem Mossie, Dagmawi Kindu, Alemayehu Negash
Background. Depression is a significant contributor to the global burden of disease and affects 350 million people worldwide. Substance use could be the risk factor for depression. Objective. We aim to determine the prevalence and severity of depression and its association with substance use. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 650 respondents in Jimma town in March 2014. A multistage stratified sampling method was conducted. Structured questionnaire and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-II) scale were used for data collection...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
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