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Depression Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847645/the-connections-of-pregnancy-delivery-and-infant-related-risk-factors-and-negative-life-events-on-postpartum-depression-and-their-role-in-first-and-recurrent-depression
#1
Pirjo Kettunen, Eeva Koistinen, Jukka Hintikka
Introduction. The aim of this study is to assess how negative life events and adverse experiences with pregnancy, delivery, the infant(s), and breastfeeding cessation impact on postpartum depression (PPD), specifically in first lifetime and recurrent depression. Method. The study group comprised 104 mothers with a current episode of PPD and a control group of 104 mothers who did not have current PPD. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) was used for data collection. The course of the depression, adverse experiences, and breastfeeding were assessed by self-reports...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747101/suicidal-ideation-attempt-and-determining-factors-among-hiv-aids-patients-ethiopia
#2
Huluagresh Bitew, Gashaw Andargie, Agitu Tadesse, Amsalu Belete, Wubalem Fekadu, Tesfa Mekonen
Background. Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. Suicide is more frequent in peoples living with HIV/AIDS than in general population. Objective. To assess the proportion and determining factors of suicidal ideation and attempt among peoples living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. Methods. Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2015 by selecting 393 participants using systematic random sampling technique. Suicide manual of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to collect data...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703808/depressive-symptoms-among-latino-sexual-minority-men-and-latina-transgender-women-in-a-new-settlement-state-the-role-of-perceived-discrimination
#3
Christina J Sun, Alice Ma, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann, Beth A Reboussin, Manuel Garcia, Jorge Alonzo, Scott D Rhodes
Background. Little is known about the role of discrimination on depression among Latino sexual and gender identity minorities. This manuscript examined the relationship between ethnic/racial discrimination and sexual discrimination on clinically significant depressive symptoms among Latino sexual minority men (i.e., gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men) and Latina transgender women. Methods. A community-based participatory research partnership recruited participants (N = 186; 80.6% cisgender men) in North Carolina to a social network-based HIV intervention...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635258/prevalence-of-antenatal-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-abeokuta-north-local-government-area-nigeria
#4
Okechukwu Thompson, IkeOluwapo Ajayi
Objective. The prevalence of antenatal depression (AD) and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Abeokuta North Local Government Area, Nigeria, was determined. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted, interviewing 314 pregnant women selected by multistage sampling technique from among those attending antenatal clinics. Information was collected using structured questionnaire and a screening tool, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), to assess probable depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313882/invisible-victims-delayed-onset-depression-among-adults-with-same-sex-parents
#5
D Paul Sullins
The relationship of elevated depression risk recently discovered among adult persons raised by same-sex parents with possible precipitating conditions in childhood has not previously been acknowledged. This study tests whether such inattention is supportable. Logistic regression based risk ratios were estimated from longitudinal measures of mental health outcomes observed in three waves (at ages 15, 22, and 28) of the US National Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 15,701). At age 28, the adults raised by same-sex parents were at over twice the risk of depression (CES-D: risk ratio 2...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148457/breastfeeding-and-postpartum-depression-an-overview-and-methodological-recommendations-for-future-research
#6
REVIEW
Carley J Pope, Dwight Mazmanian
Emerging research suggests that a relationship exists between breastfeeding and postpartum depression; however, the direction and precise nature of this relationship are not yet clear. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum depression as it has been examined in the empirical literature. Also, the potential mechanisms of action that have been implicated in this relationship are also explored. PubMed and PsycINFO were searched using the keywords: breastfeeding with postpartum depression, perinatal depression, postnatal depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069680/prevalence-and-severity-of-depression-and-its-association-with-substance-use-in-jimma-town-southwest-ethiopia
#7
Andualem Mossie, Dagmawi Kindu, Alemayehu Negash
Background. Depression is a significant contributor to the global burden of disease and affects 350 million people worldwide. Substance use could be the risk factor for depression. Objective. We aim to determine the prevalence and severity of depression and its association with substance use. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 650 respondents in Jimma town in March 2014. A multistage stratified sampling method was conducted. Structured questionnaire and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-II) scale were used for data collection...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042347/psychometric-limitations-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-for-assessing-depressive-symptoms-among-adults-with-hiv-aids-a-rasch-analysis
#8
Caryl L Gay, Anders Kottorp, Anners Lerdal, Kathryn A Lee
The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale is a widely used measure of depressive symptoms, but its psychometric properties have not been adequately evaluated among adults with HIV/AIDS. This study used an item response theory approach (Rasch analysis) to evaluate the CES-D's validity and reliability in relation to key demographic and clinical variables in adults with HIV/AIDS. A convenience sample of 347 adults with HIV/AIDS (231 males, 93 females, and 23 transgenders; age range 22-77 years) completed the CES-D...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042346/a-possible-role-of-anhedonia-as-common-substrate-for-depression-and-anxiety
#9
REVIEW
Luigi Grillo
Depression and anxiety are often comorbid, in up to 70% of cases, and the level of one or the other may fluctuate, leading now to a diagnosis of depression, now to a diagnosis of anxiety. For these reasons, and for the presence of many other common factors, it has been suggested that both are part of the same continuum of problems and that they have a common substrate. This paper proposes the possibility that anhedonia may be an important component of this possible common substrate, and it tries to identify the mechanism with which anhedonia could contribute to causing both depression and anxiety...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981278/symptom-endorsement-and-sociodemographic-correlates-of-postnatal-distress-in-three-low-income-countries
#10
Amanda J Nguyen, Emily E Haroz, Tamar Mendelson, Judith Bass
Background. Maternal mental illness has been implicated in adverse child development outcomes. Factors such as context and culture may influence experiences of maternal distress and explain differences in outcomes across settings. Methods. We analyzed baseline data from 5,647 mothers in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), and Vietnam participating in an ongoing cohort study (Young Lives) to compare symptom endorsement and sociodemographic correlates of distress. Maternal distress was assessed using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 Items (cutoff: ≥8)...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881069/efficacy-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-bipolar-disorder-with-mixed-features
#11
Miguel Palma, Berta Ferreira, Nuno Borja-Santos, Bruno Trancas, Céu Monteiro, Graça Cardoso
Introduction. Mixed states represent a frequent presentation of bipolar disorder, associated with higher resistance to psychopharmacology. Limited evidence supports the use of ECT in these patients. We aim to report our experience on treating bipolar mixed states with ECT. Methods. Retrospective data were collected from all bipolar patients submitted to acute ECT treatment, between June 2006 and June 2011. Three groups were created in terms of affective polarity of the episode. CGI rating was used to establish clinical remission and demographic and clinical variables were compared among groups...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798510/perinatal-depression-and-patterns-of-attachment-a-critical-risk-factor
#12
Valentina Meuti, Franca Aceti, Nicoletta Giacchetti, Giuseppe Mattia Carluccio, Michela Zaccagni, Isabella Marini, Orazio Giancola, Paola Ciolli, Massimo Biondi
Background. This study aims to verify if the presence and severity of perinatal depression are related to any particular pattern of attachment. Methods. The study started with a screening of a sample of 453 women in their third trimester of pregnancy, who were administered a survey data form, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Experience in Close Relationship (ECR). A clinical group of subjects with perinatal depression (PND, 89 subjects) was selected and compared with a control group (C), regarding psychopathological variables and attachment patterns...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783456/illness-attitudes-associated-with-seasonal-depressive-symptoms-an-examination-using-a-newly-developed-implicit-measure
#13
Katherine Meyers, Michael A Young
The Dual Vulnerability Model of seasonal depression posits that seasonal vegetative symptoms are due to a physiological vulnerability, but cognitive and mood symptoms are the result of negative appraisal of vegetative changes. In addition, rumination may be associated with stronger negative attitudes toward vegetative symptoms. This is the first study to examine implicit attitudes toward vegetative symptoms. We hypothesized that illness attitudes about fatigue moderate the relationship between the severity of vegetative symptoms and the severity of cognitive symptoms and that the illness attitudes are associated with rumination...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783455/cognitive-mechanisms-reciprocally-transmit-vulnerability-between-depressive-and-somatic-symptoms
#14
Kaitlin A Harding, Karly M Murphy, Amy Mezulis
Despite high comorbidity between depressive and somatic symptoms, cognitive mechanisms that transmit vulnerability between symptom clusters are largely unknown. Dampening, positive rumination, and brooding are three cognitive predictors of depression, with rumination theoretically indicated as a transdiagnostic vulnerability through amplifying and diminishing affect in response to events. Specifically, the excess negative affect and lack of positive affect characteristic of depressive symptoms and underlying somatic symptoms may cause and be caused by cognitive responses to events...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693349/childhood-trauma-and-its-relation-to-chronic-depression-in-adulthood
#15
Alexa Negele, Johannes Kaufhold, Lisa Kallenbach, Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber
There is a large consensus indicating that childhood trauma is significantly involved in the development of depression. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of retrospectively recalled childhood trauma in chronically depressed patients and to investigate a more specific relationship between trauma type and depression. We further asked for the influence of multiple experiences of childhood trauma on the vulnerability to a chronic course of depression in adulthood. 349 chronically depressed patients of the German LAC Depression Study completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, a self-report measure of traumatic experiences in childhood...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26688752/seasonal-affective-disorder-an-overview-of-assessment-and-treatment-approaches
#16
REVIEW
Sherri Melrose
Seasonal affective disorder or SAD is a recurrent major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern usually beginning in fall and continuing into winter months. A subsyndromal type of SAD, or S-SAD, is commonly known as "winter blues." Less often, SAD causes depression in the spring or early summer. Symptoms center on sad mood and low energy. Those most at risk are female, are younger, live far from the equator, and have family histories of depression, bipolar disorder, or SAD. Screening instruments include the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ)...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664745/depressive-symptoms-during-an-acute-schizophrenic-episode-frequency-and-clinical-correlates
#17
Ravi Philip Rajkumar
Introduction. Depressive symptoms are common in schizophrenia and are associated with poorer functioning, lower quality of life, and an elevated risk of suicidal behaviour. There are few studies on the occurrence and correlates of these symptoms in acutely ill patients with schizophrenia. Method. 72 acutely ill patients with schizophrenia were assessed for depression using the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS). A cut-off score of ≥6 on the CDSS was used to identify clinically significant depressive symptoms...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26649194/sex-differences-in-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-adolescent-depressive-symptoms-a-meta-analytic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jie Chen, Jing Yu
Although sex difference in the mean level of depressive symptoms has been well established, the sex difference in genetic and environmental influences on adolescent depressive symptoms is unclear. The current study conducted a meta-analysis of twin studies on sex differences in self- and parent-reported adolescent depressive symptoms. For self-reports, genetic factors influenced adolescent depressive symptoms equally for boys and girls, accounting for 46% of variation, but shared environmental factors had stronger impacts on adolescent girls' versus boys' depressive symptoms (13% versus 1% of the variance)...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26617999/depressive-symptoms-the-interaction-between-rumination-and-self-reported-insomnia
#19
Monique Malmberg, Junilla K Larsen
Objective. Prior research has found consistent support that rumination and insomnia are important risk factors for depressive symptoms. The aim of the present cross-sectional study is to examine the interaction between these two previously well-established risk factors (i.e., rumination and insomnia) in the explanation of depressive symptoms. Design. A total of 417 participants (277 women) with a mean age of 39 (SD = 17.59; range 18-85) completed a cross-sectional survey. Main Outcome Measures. Participants filled out the Response Rumination Scale, the Athens Insomnia Scale, and the short version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557993/no-association-of-bdnf-comt-maoa-slc6a3-and-slc6a4-genes-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-healthy-colombian-subjects
#20
Yeimy González-Giraldo, Andrés Camargo, Sandra López-León, Diego A Forero
Background. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the second cause of years lived with disability around the world. A large number of studies have been carried out to identify genetic risk factors for MDD and related endophenotypes, mainly in populations of European and Asian descent, with conflicting results. The main aim of the current study was to analyze the possible association of five candidate genes and depressive symptoms in a Colombian sample of healthy subjects. Methods and Materials. The Spanish adaptation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied to one hundred eighty-eight healthy Colombian subjects...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
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