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Frontiers in Psychiatry

Shenghong Pu, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Masashi Itakura, Hiroaki Ohtachi, Masaaki Iwata, Izumi Nagata, Koichi Kaneko
Although prior studies identified a relationship between cognitive insight and subjective quality of life (QOL) in patients with schizophrenia, the brain regions mediating this relationship remain unknown. Recent studies have shown that the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex may be particularly important for cognitive insight in individuals with schizophrenia. Here, we examined whether frontotemporal function mediates the relationship between cognitive insight and QOL in 64 participants, including 32 patients with schizophrenia and 32 healthy controls...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Shuang Liu, Yuqi Cheng, Yueyin Zhao, Hongjun Yu, Aiyun Lai, Zhaoping Lv, Xiufeng Xu, Chunrong Luo, Baoci Shan, Lin Xu, Jian Xu
The aim of the study was to find structural brain changes in systemic lupus erythematosus patients without major neuropsychiatric manifestations [non-neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (non-NPSLE)] using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and possible associations with clinical characteristics. 89 non-NPSLE patients with normal conventional MRI and 84 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The whole brain gray matter volume (GMV) and white matter volume (WMV) were calculated for each individual...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Nilufar Mossaheb, Rainer M Kaufmann, Monika Schlögelhofer, Thushara Aninilkumparambil, Claudia Himmelbauer, Anna Gold, Sonja Zehetmayer, Holger Hoffmann, Harald C Traue, Harald Aschauer
Background: Social interactive functions such as facial emotion recognition and smell identification have been shown to differ between women and men. However, little is known about how these differences are mirrored in patients with schizophrenia and how these abilities interact with each other and with other clinical variables in patients vs. healthy controls. Methods: Standardized instruments were used to assess facial emotion recognition [Facially Expressed Emotion Labelling (FEEL)] and smell identification [University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT)] in 51 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 79 healthy controls; furthermore, working memory functions and clinical variables were assessed...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Ruth Elliesen, Andreas Walther
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, María Teresa Talón-Navarro, Àngel Cuquerella, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Pablo Magaña, José Manuel Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Gambling disorder (GD) is a psychiatric condition that was recently recategorized as a non-substance-related addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders. Criminal activity is commonly associated with gambling; however, few empirical studies to date have examined sociodemographic and psychological variables in this population. In this study, we explored criminal behavior history in a sample of consecutively recruited treatment-seeking gamblers (n = 382) and compared subjects with a history of illegal acts (n = 103, 26...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Daniel David, Ioana Cristea, Stefan G Hofmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Alexandre Wullschleger, Yasser Khazaal, Martin Heinze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Neng Liu, Shaohui Liu, Nan Yu, Yunhua Peng, Yumei Wen, Jie Tang, Lingyu Kong
Objective: We investigated the influencing factors of the psychological resilience and self-efficacy of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the relationships of psychological resilience and self-efficacy with negative emotion. Methods: Eighty-eight participants were enrolled. Psychological resilience, self-efficacy, and negative emotion were assessed with the Psychological Resilience Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), respectively...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, Taylor Cornwell-Hinrichs, Itzel Anaya
Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) poses a major global public health challenge. PPD is the most common complication associated with childbirth and exerts harmful effects on children. Although hundreds of PPD studies have been published, we lack accurate global or national PPD prevalence estimates and have no clear account of why PPD appears to vary so dramatically between nations. Accordingly, we conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the global and national prevalence of PPD and a meta-regression to identify economic, health, social, or policy factors associated with national PPD prevalence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Sandra Fielenbach, Franc C L Donkers, Marinus Spreen, Harmke A Visser, Stefan Bogaerts
Background: Effective treatment interventions for criminal offenders are necessary to reduce risk of criminal recidivism. Evidence about deviant electroencephalographic (EEG)-frequencies underlying disorders found in criminal offenders is accumulating. Yet, treatment modalities, such as neurofeedback, are rarely applied in the forensic psychiatric domain. Since offenders usually have multiple disorders, difficulties adhering to long-term treatment modalities, and are highly vulnerable for psychiatric decompensation, more information about neurofeedback training protocols, number of sessions, and expected symptom reduction is necessary before it can be successfully used in offender populations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Min Jin Jin, Ji Sun Kim, Sungkean Kim, Myoung Ho Hyun, Seung-Hwan Lee
Childhood trauma is known to be related to emotional problems, quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) indices, and heart rate variability (HRV) indices in adulthood, whereas directions among these factors have not been reported yet. This study aimed to evaluate pathway models in young and healthy adults: (1) one with physiological factors first and emotional problems later in adulthood as results of childhood trauma and (2) one with emotional problems first and physiological factors later. A total of 103 non-clinical volunteers were included...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Esther M Ehirim, Declan P Naughton, Andrea Petróczi
In clinical settings, nitrous oxide gas is a safe anesthetic used during childbirth, in dentistry, and to relieve anxiety in emergencies. Colloquially known as "hippy crack"' or "laughing gas," it is increasingly taken recreationally for its euphoric and relaxing effects and hallucinogenic properties. Using a self-reported survey, we gathered quantitative and qualitative information on users and non-users of hippy crack among a young population regarding: consumption patterns, knowledge, risk awareness and intentions toward future abuse...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Henner Hanssen, Alice Minghetti, Oliver Faude, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Lukas Zahner, Johannes Beck, Lars Donath
Background: Psychiatric disorders are associated with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Regular exercise has been shown to reduce depressive symptoms and improve arterial stiffness as a biomarker of cardiovascular risk. We aimed to investigate the effects of different exercise modalities on depression severity index and arterial stiffness in patients suffering from unipolar depression. Methods: 34 patients suffering from unipolar depression [female: 25, male: 9, age: 37...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Michelle Colder Carras, Antonius J Van Rooij, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Joseph Kvedar, Mark D Griffiths, Yorghos Carabas, Alain Labrique
Emerging research suggests that commercial, off-the-shelf video games have potential applications in preventive and therapeutic medicine. Despite these promising findings, systematic efforts to characterize and better understand this potential have not been undertaken. Serious academic study of the therapeutic potential of commercial video games faces several challenges, including a lack of standard terminology, rapidly changing technology, societal attitudes toward video games, and understanding and accounting for complex interactions between individual, social, and cultural health determinants...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Thales Vianna Coutinho, Samara Passos Santos Reis, Antonio Geraldo da Silva, Debora Marques Miranda, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz
Problems in inhibitory control are regarded in Psychology as a key problem associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They, however, might not be primary deficits, but instead a consequence of inattention. At least two components have been identified and dissociated in studies in regards to inhibitory control: interference suppression, responsible for controlling interference by resisting irrelevant or misleading information, and response inhibition, referring to withholding a response or overriding an ongoing behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Hilary M Dorton, Shan Luo, John R Monterosso, Kathleen A Page
Sugar consumption in the United States exceeds recommendations from the American Heart Association. Overconsumption of sugar is linked to risk for obesity and metabolic disease. Animal studies suggest that high-sugar diets alter functions in brain regions associated with reward processing, including the dorsal and ventral striatum. Human neuroimaging studies have shown that these regions are responsive to food cues, and that the gut-derived satiety hormones, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and peptide YY (PYY), suppress striatal food-cue responsivity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Anna-Carlotta Zarski, Matthias Berking, David Daniel Ebert
Introduction: Genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD) not only adversely affects women's sexuality and sexual satisfaction but is also associated with a wide range of psychosocial consequences such as reduced quality of life and well-being, mental health comorbidities, and relationship distress. Evidence for effective treatment options is scarce. Aim: This article describes the rationale, treatment protocol, and study design for a randomized controlled trial examining the efficacy of an Internet-based guided intervention for GPPPD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Victor M Tang, Daniel M Blumberger, Shawn M McClintock, Tyler S Kaster, Tarek K Rajji, Jonathan Downar, Paul B Fitzgerald, Zafiris J Daskalakis
Objective: Electroconvulsive therapy is effective in treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) but use is limited due to stigma and concerns around cognitive adverse effects. Magnetic seizure therapy (MST) is a promising new neuromodulation technique that uses transcranial magnetic stimulation to induce therapeutic seizures. Studies of MST in depression have shown clinical improvement with a favorable adverse effect profile. No studies have examined the clinical utility of MST in schizophrenia...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Taro Kishi, Reiji Yoshimura, Toshikazu Ikuta, Nakao Iwata
Accumulating evidence suggests that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). In this mini review, we explored the association between BDNF and MDD using meta-analytic evidence. Our findings indicated that the Val66Met polymorphism in the BDNF gene was not associated with MDD or hippocampal volume in patients with MDD. However, plasma/serum levels of BDNF were decreased in patients with acute MDD compared with healthy controls. Both antidepressant treatment and electroconvulsive therapy increased plasma and serum levels of BDNF in patients with MDD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jesús Montero-Marín, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Marta Puebla-Guedea, Juan V Luciano, William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Javier García-Campayo
Objective: There is a growing interest in evaluating the effectiveness of compassion interventions for treating psychological disorders. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of "attachment-based compassion therapy" (ABCT) in the treatment of fibromyalgia (FM), and the role of psychological flexibility as a mediator of improvements. Methods: A total of 42 patients with FM were randomly assigned to ABCT or relaxation (active control group). Both the intervention and control condition were combined with treatment as usual (TAU)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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