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Frontiers in Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210230/acute-mental-discomfort-associated-with-suicide-behavior-in-a-clinical-sample-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-ascertaining-critical-variables-using-artificial-intelligence-tools
#1
Susana Morales, Jorge Barros, Orietta Echávarri, Fabián García, Alex Osses, Claudia Moya, María Paz Maino, Ronit Fischman, Catalina Núñez, Tita Szmulewicz, Alemka Tomicic
AIM: In efforts to develop reliable methods to detect the likelihood of impending suicidal behaviors, we have proposed the following. OBJECTIVE: To gain a deeper understanding of the state of suicide risk by determining the combination of variables that distinguishes between groups with and without suicide risk. METHOD: A study involving 707 patients consulting for mental health issues in three health centers in Greater Santiago, Chile. Using 345 variables, an analysis was carried out with artificial intelligence tools, Cross Industry Standard Process for Data Mining processes, and decision tree techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210229/longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity-and-personality-disorder-features-among-female-rape-survivors
#2
Michelle J Bovin, Erika J Wolf, Patricia A Resick
This study evaluated how change in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was associated with residualized change in comorbid personality disorder (PD) features and vice versa over the course of 5-10 years. The sample was comprised of 79 female rape survivors who met criteria for PTSD and who were a part of a larger study examining the effects of trauma-focused therapy. PTSD was assessed with the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale [CAPS-IV (1)] and PD features were assessed with the DSM-IV dimensional PD scales on the Schedule for Non-adaptive and Adaptive Personality [SNAP (2)]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210228/discriminating-between-anxious-and-non-anxious-subjects-using-the-toronto-hospital-alertness-test
#3
Colin Shapiro, Lucie Truffaut, Sophie Matharan, Valérie Olivier
BACKGROUND: Alertness designates the internal feeling of wakefulness or arousal and is often described to be linked to the level of anxiety. An adequate level of anxiety favoring the alertness needed to deal with a faced specific situation efficiently; too much anxiety can result in failure to process information and respond appropriately. Thus, it would be of interest to verify if different alertness profiles can be observed depending on anxiety level. The Toronto Hospital Alertness Test (THAT) is a test designed to measure alertness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203209/personality-psychopathology-and-psychotherapy-a-pre-specified-analysis-protocol-for-confirmatory-research-on-personality-psychopathology-associations-in-psychotherapy-outpatients
#4
Michael P Hengartner, Misa Yamanaka-Altenstein
The role of personality trait variation in psychopathology and its influence on the outcome of psychotherapy is a burgeoning field. However, thus far most findings were based on controlled clinical trials that may only poorly represent real-world clinical settings due to highly selective samples mostly restricted to patients with major depression undergoing antidepressive medication. Focusing on personality and psychopathology in a representative naturalistic sample of psychotherapy patients is therefore worthwhile...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203208/changes-in-heart-rate-variability-recorded-in-natural-situation-with-t-shirt-integrated-sensors-and-level-of-observed-behavioral-excitation-a-pilot-study-of-patients-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-psychiatric-disorders
#5
Julie Palix, Michel Akselrod, Charly Cungi, Fabienne Giuliani, Jérôme Favrod
BACKGROUND: The present study investigates the possibilities of using heart rate variability (HRV) parameters as physiological markers that precede increase in observed behavioral excitation of intellectually disabled individuals. The ability to recognize or predict such patterns, especially in patients showing unpredictable reactions and language deficiencies, might be a major step forward in clinical research. METHOD: Thirteen volunteers with intellectual disabilities, who had suffered of at least one event of overt aggression in the preceding 3 months, participated to the study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197107/augmentation-of-psychotherapy-through-alternative-preconscious-priming-a-case-series-exploring-effects-on-residual-symptoms
#6
Melha Zidani, Jean-Sébastien Audet, François Borgeat, Frederick Aardema, Kieron Philip O'Connor, Yasser Khazaal
The current paper describes a case series using a new strategy for facilitating change based on Augmentation of Psychotherapy through Alternative Preconscious Priming (APAP) (1) in the treatment of eight treatment-resistant patients suffering from social phobia or generalized anxiety disorder. The patients had previously only shown a partial response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) despite good treatment adherence. The patients completed APAP using a computerized program, which consisted of three steps during which alternative, more functional thoughts and beliefs relevant to the idiosyncratic difficulties experienced by the patients were formulated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194117/online-positive-interventions-to-promote-well-being-and-resilience-in-the-adolescent-population-a-narrative-review
#7
Rosa M Baños, Ernestina Etchemendy, Adriana Mira, Giuseppe Riva, Andrea Gaggioli, Cristina Botella
Numerous studies have shown an alarming prevalence of depression, anxiety, and behavior disorders in youth. Thus, prevention of psychological problems in this population becomes crucial. According to the World Health Organization (1), prevention should also include the promotion and development of the individual's strengths in order to reduce vulnerability to suffering from mental disorders. In addition, other key elements of prevention are the reach, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167920/modeling-trait-anxiety-from-computational-processes-to-personality
#8
REVIEW
James G Raymond, J Douglas Steele, Peggy Seriès
Computational methods are increasingly being applied to the study of psychiatric disorders. Often, this involves fitting models to the behavior of individuals with subclinical character traits that are known vulnerability factors for the development of psychiatric conditions. Anxiety disorders can be examined with reference to the behavior of individuals high in "trait" anxiety, which is a known vulnerability factor for the development of anxiety and mood disorders. However, it is not clear how this self-report measure relates to neural and behavioral processes captured by computational models...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154539/temporal-association-of-certain-neuropsychiatric-disorders-following-vaccination-of-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-case-control-study
#9
Douglas L Leslie, Robert A Kobre, Brian J Richmand, Selin Aktan Guloksuz, James F Leckman
BACKGROUND: Although the association of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine with autism spectrum disorder has been convincingly disproven, the onset of certain brain-related autoimmune and inflammatory disorders has been found to be temporally associated with the antecedent administration of various vaccines. This study examines whether antecedent vaccinations are associated with increased incidence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anorexia nervosa (AN), anxiety disorder, chronic tic disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder in a national sample of privately insured children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133452/commentary-addictions-neuroclinical-assessment-a-neuroscience-based-framework-for-addictive-disorders
#10
COMMENT
Udi E Ghitza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167919/practice-and-learning-spatiotemporal-differences-in-thalamo-cortical-cerebellar-networks-engagement-across-learning-phases-in-schizophrenia
#11
Michele Korostil, Gary Remington, Anthony Randal McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Understanding how practice mediates the transition of brain-behavior networks between early and later stages of learning is constrained by the common approach to analysis of fMRI data. Prior imaging studies have mostly relied on a single scan, and parametric, task-related analyses. Our experiment incorporates a multisession fMRI lexicon-learning experiment with multivariate, whole-brain analysis to further knowledge of the distributed networks supporting practice-related learning in schizophrenia (SZ)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149283/plasma-chemokines-in-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorders-association-of-ccl11-eotaxin-1-with-psychiatric-comorbidity
#12
Nuria García-Marchena, Pedro Fernando Araos, Vicente Barrios, Laura Sánchez-Marín, Julie A Chowen, María Pedraz, Estela Castilla-Ortega, Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Guillermo Ponce, Ana L Gavito, Juan Decara, Daniel Silva, Marta Torrens, Jesús Argente, Gabriel Rubio, Antonia Serrano, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Francisco Javier Pavón
Recent studies have linked changes in peripheral chemokine concentrations to the presence of both addictive behaviors and psychiatric disorders. The present study further explore this link by analyzing the potential association of psychiatry comorbidity with alterations in the concentrations of circulating plasma chemokine in patients of both sexes diagnosed with alcohol use disorders (AUD). To this end, 85 abstinent subjects with AUD from an outpatient setting and 55 healthy subjects were evaluated for substance and mental disorders...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149282/influence-of-peer-based-needle-exchange-programs-on-mental-health-status-in-people-who-inject-drugs-a-nationwide-new-zealand-study
#13
Bianca Hay, Charles Henderson, John Maltby, Juan J Canales
Alleviating the personal and social burden associated with substance use disorders requires the implementation of a comprehensive strategy, including outreach, education, community interventions, psychiatric treatment, and access to needle exchange programs (NEP), where peer support may be available. Given that substantial research underscores the potential benefits of peer support in psychiatric interventions, we aimed to conduct a national survey to examine key domains of mental health status in people who inject drugs (PWID) in New Zealand...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149281/serious-games-for-mental-health-are-they-accessible-feasible-and-effective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Ho Ming Lau, Johannes H Smit, Theresa M Fleming, Heleen Riper
INTRODUCTION: The development and use of serious games for mental health disorders are on the rise. Yet, little is known about the impact of these games on clinical mental health symptoms. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of serious games on symptoms of mental disorder. METHOD: We conducted a systematic search in the PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase databases, using mental health and serious games-related keywords...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138319/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-novel-rdoc-based-treatment-program-for-adolescent-depression-training-for-awareness-resilience-and-action-tara-a-pilot-study
#15
Eva Henje Blom, Olga Tymofiyeva, Margaret A Chesney, Tiffany C Ho, Patricia Moran, Colm G Connolly, Larissa G Duncan, Lisa Baldini, Helen Y Weng, Michael Acree, Veronica Goldman, Frederick M Hecht, Tony T Yang
BACKGROUND: The novel group treatment program Training for Awareness, Resilience, and Action (TARA) was developed to target specific mechanisms based on neuroscience findings in adolescent depression and framed within the National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria. TARA contains training of autonomic and emotional self-regulation, interoceptive awareness, relational skills, and value-based committed action. METHODS: We performed a single-arm trial to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of TARA in reducing depression and anxiety levels and assessed whether the specific targeted domains of function reflected the hypothesized symptom change...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133451/commentary-hypnotic-medications-and-suicide-risk-mechanisms-mitigation-and-the-fda
#16
COMMENT
Xiulu Ruan, Jin Jun Luo, Alan David Kaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119636/serious-games-and-gamification-for-mental-health-current-status-and-promising-directions
#17
Theresa M Fleming, Lynda Bavin, Karolina Stasiak, Eve Hermansson-Webb, Sally N Merry, Colleen Cheek, Mathijs Lucassen, Ho Ming Lau, Britta Pollmuller, Sarah Hetrick
Computer games are ubiquitous and can be utilized for serious purposes such as health and education. "Applied games" including serious games (in brief, computerized games for serious purposes) and gamification (gaming elements used outside of games) have the potential to increase the impact of mental health internet interventions via three processes. First, by extending the reach of online programs to those who might not otherwise use them. Second, by improving engagement through both game-based and "serious" motivational dynamics...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119635/non-motor-aspects-of-tic-disorders-new-developments
#18
Daphna Ruhrman, Ella Gev, Noa Benaroya-Milshtein, Silvana Fennig, Orit Krispin, Alan Apter, Tamar Steinberg
The cardinal characteristics of tic-related disorders are stereotyped motor movements and vocalizations. However, they may be accompanied by non-motor features that appear sequentially during the course of the disorder and can sometimes be more disabling than the tics themselves. This review presents our perspectives on several non-motor aspects of Tourette syndrome based on the long experience of the Neuropsychiatric Tourette Clinic of a tertiary pediatric medical center. The effect of premonitory urges, sensory modulation disorder, tic-related cognitions, and environmental conditions on the expression and intensity of tics is elaborated, with suggestions for treatment approaches to each...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101064/resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Jocelyn V Hull, Zachary J Jacokes, Carinna M Torgerson, Andrei Irimia, John Darrell Van Horn
Ongoing debate exists within the resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) literature over how intrinsic connectivity is altered in the autistic brain, with reports of general over-connectivity, under-connectivity, and/or a combination of both. Classifying autism using brain connectivity is complicated by the heterogeneous nature of the condition, allowing for the possibility of widely variable connectivity patterns among individuals with the disorder. Further differences in reported results may be attributable to the age and sex of participants included, designs of the resting-state scan, and to the analysis technique used to evaluate the data...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096796/neuroendocrinology-of-a-male-specific-pattern-for-depression-linked-to-alcohol-use-disorder-and-suicidal-behavior
#20
REVIEW
Andreas Walther, Timothy Rice, Yael Kufert, Ulrike Ehlert
Epidemiological studies show low rates of diagnosed depression in men compared to women. At the same time, high rates of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and completed suicide are found among men. These data suggest that a male-specific pattern for depression may exist that is linked to AUDs and suicidal behavior. To date, no underlying neuroendocrine model for this specific pattern of male depression has been suggested. In this paper, we integrate findings related to this specific pattern of depression with underlying steroid secretion patterns, polymorphisms, and methylation profiles of key genes in order to detail an original neuroendocrine model of male-specific depression...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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