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Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

Sahar El Hadad, Saleha Alakilli, Samar Rabah, Jamal Sabir
Little is known about the prevalence of HBV genotypes/sub-genotypes in Jeddah province, although the hepatitis B virus (HBV) was identified as the most predominant type of hepatitis in Saudi Arabia. To characterize HBV genotypes/sub-genotypes, serum samples from 15 patients with chronic HBV were collected and subjected to HBsAg gene amplification and sequence analysis. Phylogenetic analysis of the HBsAg gene sequences revealed that 11 (48%) isolates belonged to HBV/D while 4 (18%) were associated with HBV/C...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Fan Xiao, Hua Cui, Xiao Zhong
Present investigation evaluates the effect of daidzin in dry eye rat model through the suppression of inflammation and oxidative stress in the cornea. Briefly, electron spine resonance was used for the estimation of radical scavenging activity of daidzin and COX Fluorescent Activity Assay Kit was used for the estimation of PGS activity. Dry eye rat model was developed by removing the lacrimal gland and effect of daidzin was evaluated in dry eye rat model by estimating the fluorescein score, tear volume and expressions of heme oxigenase (HO-1), TNF α, Interlukin 6 (IL-6), matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) and PGS-2...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Dong-Yan Huang, Zhi-Rao Dai, Wei-Min Li, Rong-Guan Wang, Shi-Ming Yang
The present study was performed to investigate the effect of quercetin on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) angiogenesis. The real-time RT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were performed to analyze the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines prior to and after the quercetin treatment. Effect of quercetin on the rate of cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay. It was observed that quercetin treatment at a concentration of 10 mg/mL reduced the rate of NPC039 cell viability to 36% compared to control after 24 h...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Hui Zhang, Feng Xue, Hai Jun Xiao
Autologous bone grafting and ilizarov technique are the preferred mode of treatment for bone nonunion, studies suggest that bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells can be effective in treatment of tibial non-union where there is length of bone defect. The current study investigates the beneficial clinical outcome of combining the ilizarov procedure with intraosseous injection of autologous mesenchymal stem cells. The open-label study enrolled 25 patients with infected tibial non-union at the Shanghai Fengxian District Central Hospital, Shanghai, China between April 2010 and July 2014...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Shengbo Ge, Lishu Wang, Jiaojiao Ma, Shuaicheng Jiang, Wanxi Peng
Bayberry has been largely planted in China, and the waste of fresh flesh of bayberry was still abandoned. Therefore, the extractives of fresh flesh of bayberry were studied to further utilize the bio-resources. Through the Foss method, the result shown that ketone, aldehyde, ester and acid compounds were accounted for 1.30, 92.61, 0.54 and 6.09% of the extractives which were extracted from fresh flesh of bayberry by methanol solvents. Aldehyde, bicyclic sesquiterpenes, acid, ester and alcohol compounds accounted for 53...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Keqin Xu, Gongxiu He, Jieming Qin, Xuexiang Cheng, Hanjie He, Dangquan Zhang, Wanxi Peng
There are three key medicinal components (phellodendrine, berberine and palmatine) in the extracts of Phellodendron bark, as one of the fundamental herbs of traditional Chinese medicine. Different extraction methods and solvent combinations were investigated to obtain the optimal technologies for high-efficient extraction of these medicinal components. RESULTS: The results showed that combined solvents have higher extracting effect of phellodendrine, berberine and palmatine than single solvent, and the effect of ultrasonic extraction is distinctly better than those of distillation and soxhlet extraction...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Saira Bano, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Jan Alam, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Zeeshan Ahmad, Inayat Ur Rahman, Habib Ahmad, Abdullah Aldubise, Abeer Hashem
The present study was conducted to elaborate vegetation composition structure to analyze role of edaphic and topographic factors on plant species distribution and community formation during 2013-14. A mixture of quadrat and transect methods were used. The size of quadrat for trees shrubs and herbs were 10 × 5, 5 × 2, 1 × 1 meter square respectively. Different phytosociological attribute were measured at each station. Primary results reported 123 plant species belong to 46 families. Asteraceae and Lamiaceae were dominant families with 8 species each...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Peng Xi, Yan Li, Xiaojin Ge, Dandan Liu, Mingsan Miao
Objective: Observing the effect of nano-silver hydrogel coating film on deep partial thickness scald model of rabbit. Method: We prepared boiling water scalded rabbits with deep II degree scald models and applied high, medium and low doses of nano-silver hydrogel coating film for different time and area. Then we compared the difference of burned paper weight before administration and after administration model burns, burn local skin irritation points infection, skin crusting and scabs from the time, and the impact of local skin tissue morphology...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Atef M Al-Attar, Moustafa H R Elnaggar, Essam A Almalki
The present study was aimed to evaluate the influence of olive, sesame and black seed oils on levels of some physiological parameters in male rats exposed to diazinon (DZN). Body weight changes, and levels of serum total protein, albumin, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), atherogenic index (AI), atherogenic coefficient (AC), cardiac risk ratio (CRR), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MAD) were selected as physiological parameters...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Marwah Bakri
Background:Clostridium difficile has been shown to be a nosocomial infection associated with diarrhoea and pseudomembranous colitis in hospitalized patients especially old patients. In my previous studies, it was shown the occurrence of C. difficile in animals feces and vegetables which may act as a source of infection to humans. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of C. difficile in retail raw cow, sheep, and goat, meat in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Method: A total of 600 raw meat samples from cow, sheep, and goat were collected during June-December 2015, and tested for the presence of C...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Ahmed M Al-Abdulkader, Ali A Al-Namazi, Turki A AlTurki, Muteb M Al-Khuraish, Abdullah I Al-Dakhil
Coffee is one of the historical socioeconomic crops. It has received an increasing attention at the global level, due to its positive interlinkage with the economic growth and on the gross domestic product for most of the producing countries, particularly, developing and least developed countries. Saudi Arabia is one of the coffee producing countries that has a relative comparative advantage of coffee cultivation. Yet, coffee cultivation has not received as much attention in Saudi Arabia as that of producing countries around the world...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Arjunan Venkatachalapathi, Thekkan Sangeeth, Mohammad Ajmal Ali, Sulur Senniyappan Tamilselvi, Subramaniyam Paulsamy, Fahad M A Al-Hemaidc
The present study was aimed to explore the traditional knowledge of Irula tribal people who are practicing herbal medicine in Walayar valley, the Southern Western Ghats, India. A total number of 146 species of plants distributed in 122 genera belonging to 58 families were identified as commonly used ethnomedicinal plants by them. Interestingly, 26 new claims were also made in the present study. Through the data obtained from Irula tribal healers, the herbs were mostly used for medicine (40.4%) followed by trees (26...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Bilal Hussain, Tayyaba Sultana, Salma Sultana, Z Ahmed, Shahid Mahboob
This investigation is aimed to study an impact of habitat degradation on proximate composition and amino acid (AAs) profile of Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala collected from polluted, non-polluted area (upstream) and a commercial fish farm. The amino acid profile was estimated by the amino acid analyzer. C. catla collected from the polluted environment had highest lipid, protein and ash contents (12.04 ± 0.01, 13.45 ± 0.01 and 0.93 ± 0.03%, respectively). The high protein content (14...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Mardi M Algandaby
Liver fibrosis is a major health concern that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Up-to-date, there is no standard treatment for fibrosis because of its complex pathogenesis. Crocin is one of the main nutraceuticals isolated from the stigma of Crocus sativus with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The current study aimed at evaluating the potential antifibrotic activity of crocin against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver fibrosis in mice as well as the underlying mechanism using silymarin as a reference antifibrotic product...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Daryoush Fatehi, Mohammad Ali Dayani, Ayoob Rostamzadeh
Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a condition with suffering of neural structures from acute trauma with short-term or permanent sensory and motor problems. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of TSCI in Tehran with emphasis on demographic characteristics of patients and to evaluate the effect of computed tomography (CT) in determining fracture type and severity grade of injury among TSCI patients. In a cross-sectional study, all TSCI and spinal fracture patients ( N  = 520) who referred to the main trauma center in Tehran, Iran, in 2013 and 2014 were selected...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Reda Salem, Ibrahim A Arif, Mohamed Salama, Gamal E H Osman
Psorosis is a damaging disease of citrus that is widespread in many parts of the world. Citrus psorosis virus (CPsV), the type species of the genus Ophiovirus, is the putative causal agent of psorosis. Detection of CPsV by laboratory methods, serology in particular is a primary requirement for large-scale surveys but their production has been impaired by the difficulty of obtaining sufficient clean antigen for immunization. Specific PAbs against coat protein were produced in E. coli using recombinant DNA approach...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Yan Ma, Xingzhuang Wu, Qi Zhang, Vigna Giovanni, Xianjun Meng
Vacuum freeze-drying technology is a high technology content, a wide range of knowledge of technology in the field of drying technology is involved, it is also a method of the most complex drying equipment, the largest energy consumption, the highest cost of drying method, but due to the particularity of its dry goods: the freeze-drying food has the advantages of complex water performance is good, cooler and luster of freezing and drying food to maintain good products, less nutrient loss, light weight, easy to carry transportation, easy to long-term preservation, and on the quality is far superior to the obvious advantages of other dried food, making it become the forefront of drying technology research and development...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Shuling He, Kentian Zhao, Lingfa Ma, Jingjun Yang, Yuwei Chang
To study the effects of different cultivation material formulas on the growth and quality of Morchella spp. With the cultivated species strains extracted from wild Morchella spp. in Diebu County, Gannan Prefecture as experimental materials, an experiment was designed and the data then obtained was anyalyzed using the single factor variable method. By measuring the pileus length, pileus perimeter, stipe length, stipe perimeter and yield as well as the ash content, total sugar content, crude protein content and crude fiber content of wild Morchella spp...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Xuejun Kong, Yanling Gao, Xiuli Geng, Guoqi Xie, Shaojun Hao, Yan Li, Zhengchen Zhang
Observe the effect of lipid-lowering tablets on body weight, liver index and serum biochemical indexes of hyperlipidemia rats. The hyperlipidemia rat model was replicated successfully. Compared with the model group, high, medium and low dose lipid-lowering tablets group could significantly increase the body weight of rats with hyperlipidemia (P < 0.01, P < 0.05); High and middle dose lipid-lowering tablets group could significantly reduce the liver index of high fat rat (P < 0.01); High, medium and low dose lipid-lowering tablets group could significantly decrease levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, AST, ALT, ALP, Y-GT in serum (P < 0...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Hazim A Al-Hazmi, Abdulrahman Al-Ajlan, Mohammad S Masoud, Abeer Al-Amro, Amani Al-Ghamdi, Abdullah M Alnaami, Omar S Al-Attas, Majed S Alokail
Spexin (SPX) is a novel biomarker abundantly expressed in several animal and human tissues implicated in food intake and glucose control, respectively. As new roles for SPX are emerging, the present study explored for the first time, the associations of SPX to several cardiometabolic indices and inflammatory markers in pregnant women, a demographic not yet investigated with respect to SPX. A total of 117 Saudi women subdivided to those with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (N = 63) and those without (N = 54) were included in this cross-sectional study...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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