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Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

Hyun Kyung Park, Su Kang Kim, Hae Yong Kweon, Kwan Gill Lee, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Young Ock Kim
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease. It causes chronic inflammation of the joint. Recent studies suggested that interleukin 4 (IL4) contributes to susceptibility and severity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Especially, it was reported that promoter polymorphism (-590, T/C) of IL4 gene has been associated with susceptibility of RA. The aim of present study was to investigate whether the promoter polymorphism (-590, T/C) of IL4 gene is associated with the susceptibility of RA using meta-analysis. And in order to perform meta-analysis, comprehensive meta analysis program was used...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Jin-Hyuk Chun, Silbia Kim, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Doug Young Chung, Sun-Ju Kim
Nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P) and potassium (K) are the most limiting factors in crop production. N often affects the amino acid composition of protein and in turn its nutritional quality. In Brassica plants, abundant supply of N fertilizer decreases the relative proportion of glucosinolates (GSLs), thus reducing the biological and medical values of the vegetables. Hence effort was made to evaluate the influence of different proportions of nutrient solutions containing N-P-K on the GSL profiles of rocket salad (Eruca sativa Mill...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Ashraf Mohamed Ali Mashaly
A main objective of the study is the establishment of a forensic entomological database for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Decomposition processes and beetle succession were analysed on rabbit carcasses in three different habitats (agricultural, desert and urban) in the period from May to July 2014. Due to the effects of the high temperature at the study sites, carrion reached the dry stage within 12 days in the agricultural habitat, and 6 days in the desert and urban habitats. A total of 125 beetles belonging to eight species and five families were collected during the decaying process, with their abundances increasing from the fresh to decay stages...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
E Tola, K A Al-Gaadi, R Madugundu, A M Zeyada, A G Kayad, C M Biradar
Characterization of soil properties is a key step in understanding the source of spatial variability in the productivity across agricultural fields. A study on a 16 ha field located in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia was undertaken to investigate the spatial variability of selected soil properties, such as soil compaction 'SC', electrical conductivity 'EC', pH (acidity or alkalinity of soil) and soil texture and its impact on the productivity of Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana L.). The productivity of Rhodes grass was investigated using the Cumulative Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (CNDVI), which was determined from Landsat-8 (OLI) images...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Rangaswamy Madugundu, Khalid A Al-Gaadi, ElKamil Tola, Ahmed G Kayad, Chandra Sekhar Jha
A study was conducted to understand the potential of Landsat-8 in the estimation of gross primary production (GPP) and to quantify the productivity of maize crop cultivated under hyper-arid conditions of Saudi Arabia. The GPP of maize crop was estimated by using the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model (VPM) utilizing remote sensing data from Landsat-8 reflectance (GPPVPM) as well as the meteorological data provided by Eddy Covariance (EC) system (GPPEC), for the period from August to November 2015. Results revealed that the cumulative GPPEC for the entire growth period of maize crop was 1871 g C m(-2)...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Mohamed Elsheshtawi, Maged T Elkhaky, Shaban R Sayed, Ali H Bahkali, Arif A Mohammed, Dikshit Gambhir, Aref S Mansour, Abdallah M Elgorban
This study was conducted to determine the compatibility of Contans® (Coniothyrium minitans) with fungicides against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Results showed that both Contans® and Topsin® significantly reduced the disease incidence caused by S. sclerotiorum by 90% and 95% survival plants, respectively when they were individually applied and compared to control. While, soil application of Contans® and Sumisclex mixture was the most effective in suppressing the white rot disease incidence that produced 100% survival plants, application of C...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Wanxi Peng, Dongli Li, Minglong Zhang, Shengbo Ge, Bo Mo, Shasha Li, Makoto Ohkoshi
As one of the dominant plantations in north and central China, poplar was considered as the uppermost wood raw materials, however, the chemical constituents of poplar wood weren't effectively used by high added value. Therefore, the molecules of wood extractives in Populus lasiocarpa and Populus tomentosa were extracted and studied to further utilize the bio-resources. The results showed that the LD-010, LD-021, LD-150, LD-174 wood extractives were identified as having 3, 24, 3 27 components, respectively. P...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Mohamed A El-Sheikh, Jacob Thomas, Ahmed H Alfarhan, Abdulrahman A Alatar, Sivadasan Mayandy, Stephan M Hennekens, Joop H J Schaminėe, Ladislav Mucina, Abdulla M Alansari
During the last decade many electronic databases of vegetation plots were established in many countries around the world. These databases contain valuable phytosociological information assisting both governmental and NGO (Non-governmental organizations) agencies to formulate strategies and on-ground plans to manage and protect nature resources. This paper provides an account on aims, current status and perspectives of building of a vegetation database for the Central Region (Najd) of Saudi Arabia - the founding element of the Saudi Vegetation Database (SVD)...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
A B Gurung, A Bhattacharjee, M Ajmal Ali, F Al-Hemaid, Joongku Lee
Protein-protein interaction is a vital process which drives many important physiological processes in the cell and has also been implicated in several diseases. Though the protein-protein interaction network is quite complex but understanding its interacting partners using both in silico as well as molecular biology techniques can provide better insights for targeting such interactions. Targeting protein-protein interaction with small molecules is a challenging task because of druggability issues. Nevertheless, several studies on the kinetics as well as thermodynamic properties of protein-protein interactions have immensely contributed toward better understanding of the affinity of these complexes...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Anfal Arshi
Coal mine spoils (-the previous overburden of coal seams, inevitable by-product in the mining process) which are usually unfavorable for plant growth have different properties according to dumping years. The reclamation of overburden dumps (OBDs) through plantation by using efficient microbes with suitable bio-inoculants is an environmental friendly microbial technique for significant improvement in fertility status and biological activities of the OBD soil. A systematic greenhouse pot experiment program followed by field trial was conducted to investigate the influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and NFB on the performance of plant growth which have resulted in the development of environmental friendly bio-inoculant package for soil reclamation of abandoned mine land by revegetation...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Khalid S Al-Maary, Turki M Dawoud, Ayman S Mubarak, Ashgan M Hessain, Hussein M Galal, Saleh A Kabli, Moussa I Mohamed
The use of molecular techniques for detection and characterization of the Pasteurella multocida is very important for rapid and specific detection and characterization of the organism. During the period from 15th February, 2014 to 15th April, 2015, 425 nasopharyngeal swabs and 175 lung and spleen samples were collected and examined by conventional methods, 80 strains (18.82%) of P. multocida were isolated from the calves, sheep and goat with respiratory manifestation. Meanwhile, 77 strains (44%) were isolated from emergency slaughtered animals...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Bilal Elbey, Burhan Baykal, Ümit Can Yazgan, Yılmaz Zengin
INTRODUCTION: Snake bites have cardiotoxicity, neurotoxic, myotoxic, nephrotoxic, and hemotoxic features. The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) provides valuable information for the determination of the diagnosis and prognosis of various diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between NLR with the development of complications and duration of hospital stay in snakebite cases. METHOD: In this study, 107 patients with snakebite complaints that applied to a tertiary care university hospital between 2011 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Andreza G R Barbosa, Cicera D M Oliveira, Luiz J Lacerda-Neto, Cinara S Vidal, Rogério de A Saraiva, José G M da Costa, Henrique D M Coutinho, Hericka B F Galvao, Irwin R A de Menezes
Evaluations of the therapeutic potential of medicinal plants and their components have been the subject of many studies. Furthermore, the biological activities of various plant species have been reported in various pieces of literature. Hyptis martiusii Benth (Lamiaceae), popularly known as "mad balm" is commonly found in the North, Southeast, and Northeast of Brazil. Its leaves are used ethnobiologically as antiulcerogenic, antimicrobial, antitumor and as insecticide. This study aimed to analyze the chemical composition of the essential oil of H...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Huizhen Li, Zhijun Zhang, Mengxue Li, Xiaojun Li, Ziwen Sun
Perilla is an edible medical plant with rapidly increasing acreage in China. In this study, we investigated the potential of perilla stalks (PSs) as an alternative substrate for the cultivation of oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus). P. ostreatus was cultivated on cottonseed hulls (CSH) alone or mixed with PSs in different ratios. The production parameters, physical characteristics, nutritional values, and antioxidant activity of mushrooms cultivated on different substrate mixtures were determined. The addition of PSs to CSH significantly improved the growth rate, yield, biological efficiency, and proximate composition and shortened the cultivation cycle...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Hana Habrova, Jindrich Pavlis
Woody vegetation dynamics and Dracaena cinnabari regeneration have been studied for five years in the conditions of Socotra Island. Woody plants were measured regularly inside and outside the exclosure area, and the growth and survival of D. cinnabari seedlings were observed. In the exclosure of about 1000 m(2) a total of 49 species were identified, including 23 endemics, growing in the average density of 3.82 specimens per m(2). The fenced area was overgrown relatively rapidly by dense grass cover - reaching approx...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Renan Martins Dos Santos, Marcus Vinícius Dias-Souza
This study aimed to investigate the in vitro antifungal effectiveness of five different formulations against dandruff and ringworm dermatophytes. Candida albicans was also included in our assays. Fungal susceptibility tests were performed with planktonic cells and biofilms of reference strains. Microbiological and physicochemical quality parameters were assessed for all formulations. Our data indicated that the formulations were effective against the dermatophytes strains, and to our knowledge, the effectiveness of cosmetic formulations against fungal biofilms is shown for the first time...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Md Ramim Tanver Rahman, Zaixiang Lou, Fuhao Yu, Peng Wang, Hongxin Wang
Cell-to-cell communication or quorum sensing (QS) leads to biofilm formation and causing other virulence factors which are extreme problems for food safety, biofilm related infectious diseases etc. This study evaluated the anti-QS activity of the Amomum tsaoko extract (0.5-4 mg/ml) by using Chromobacterium violaceum a biosensor strain and biofilm formation by crystal violate assay. Experimental results demonstrated that the overall yield of Amomum tsao-ko extract was 11.33 ± 0.3% (w/w). MIC for Staphylococcus aureus (Gram positive), Salmonella Typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram negative) was 1, 2 and 2 mg/ml, respectively...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Shafikha Mohd Saari, Dayang Fredalina Basri, Siti Balkis Budin, Nor Malia Abd Warif
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by lack of insulin production. Immune mechanisms are implicated in the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes. Canarium odontophyllum (CO) fruits and leaves have been shown to possess high antioxidant activity. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of CO leaves aqueous extract on the blood glucose and T lymphocyte population in the spleen of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Nineteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal, diabetic control and CO treated diabetic groups...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
S S Kim, S Y Lee, K J Park, S M Park, H J An, J M Hyun, Y H Choi
Cellulose producing bacterial strain was isolated from citrus fruit juice fungus. The isolated strain was identified as Gluconacetobacter sp. gel_SEA623-2 based on several morphological characteristics, biochemical tests, and 16S rRNA conducted. Culture conditions for bacterial cellulose production by SEA623-2 were screened in static trays. Conditions were extensively optimized by varying the kind of fruit juice, pH, sugar concentration, and temperature for maximum cellulose production. SEA623-2 has a high productive capacity in citrus processing medium, but not in other fruits...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Maria F B Morais-Braga, Joara N P Carneiro, Antonio J T Machado, Débora L Sales, Antonia T L Dos Santos, Aline A Boligon, Margareth L Athayde, Irwin R A Menezes, Djair S L Souza, José G M Costa, Henrique D M Coutinho
Psidium guajava is a Myrtaceae plant whose medicinal properties are recognized in several locations. The use of teas and tinctures prepared from their leaves has been used to combat infections caused by fungi of the genus Candida. In this study, aqueous extracts of leaves and hydroethanolic were tested to verify the antifungal potential and its chemical composition has been investigated. The microbiological assays were performed by broth microdilution to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and from these the minimum fungicidal concentration was performed (MFC) by subculturing on solid media...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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