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Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology

Nancy Li, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Matthew A Kemertzis, Paddy Moore, Michelle Peate
PURPOSE: Decisions surrounding fertility preservation (FP) in children, adolescents, and adults can be difficult due to the distress of a cancer diagnosis, time constraints for decision-making, and lack of efficacy data. This review examines the decision-making process of oncology patients and their parents (if patients are in the pediatric or adolescent population) to better understand experiences of decisional conflict and regret. METHODS: Two electronic databases, Embase and Pubmed, were searched using the terms (Decision-making OR Conflict (Psychology) OR Decision regret) AND (Freezing OR Oocyte OR Ovarian tissue OR Semen preservation OR Fertility preservation OR Cryopreservation) AND (Neoplasms OR Cancer OR Chemotherapy OR Drug therapy OR Radiotherapy)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Carolyn Rabin
Increasing physical activity may reduce some of the physical and mental health risks faced by young adult cancer survivors. Unfortunately, most young survivors are sedentary. The aim of this study was to identify barriers experienced by young survivors attempting to increase their physical activity; a better understanding of these barriers may yield more efficacious interventions for this population. Data on physical activity barriers were collected during an intervention for 18-to-39-year-old survivors. Findings indicated that participants faced a variety of barriers, including limited time and health-related issues...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Dina M Flink, Jeanelle Sheeder, Laxmi A Kondapalli
PURPOSE: The Fertility Attitudes and Cancer Treatment Study (FACTS) is a two-phase research initiative aimed to understand factors involved with decision making for future fertility. The FACTS will improve services and utilization of fertility preservation (FP) before cancer treatment. Phase-I examined patient characteristics as associated with FP decision. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 108 reproductive-aged (18-45 years) males and females who received a fertility consultation before cancer treatment from January 1, 2012 to April 30, 2014 was conducted...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Mary Peavey, Sara Arian, William Gibbons, Karen Lu, David Gershenson, Terri Woodard
PURPOSE: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) receiving cancer treatments that may impair fertility should receive counseling about risk of infertility and options for fertility preservation (FP) before treatment and/or during survivorship. Our objective was to define the AYA patient population referred to an on-site fertility consultation service within a comprehensive cancer center and determine factors associated with patients proceeding with FP treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of AYA women who completed a consultation at the MD Anderson Fertility Preservation and Family Building Service during the first year of service...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Ryan Mooney, Mahasen Samhouri, Avery Holton, Katie A Devine, Anne C Kirchhoff, Jennifer Wright, Yelena P Wu
PURPOSE: To explore adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors' internet use in seeking healthy lifestyle behavior (HLB) information on diet and exercise. METHODS: Twenty-five AYA cancer survivors participated in focus groups or interviews. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Most survivors (92%) sought HLB information from internet sources. Key issues included the following: (1) too much information available, (2) information not meeting survivors' unique needs, and (3) concerns about trustworthiness of information...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Inga Maria Johannsdottir, Øystein Karlstad, Jon H Loge, Sophie D Fosså, Cecilie Kiserud, Svetlana Skurtveit
PURPOSE: Survivors of cancer may experience higher rates of psychological problems requiring pharmacological interventions than age-matched controls from the general population. This study compares prescription rates of antidepressants in survivors of cancer, diagnosed in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood, to the rate in age- and gender-matched controls from the Norwegian population. METHODS: Antidepressants prescribed to 5341 cancer survivors, diagnosed ≤25 years during 1965-2000, were studied in a population-based cohort by linking data from the following nationwide registries: the Population Registry of Norway, the Cancer Registry of Norway, and the Norwegian Prescription Database...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Andrea Bradford, Terri L Woodard
Decisions about fertility preservation in young adults with cancer are often made under conditions of high subjective stress and time pressure. In women, these decisions are further complicated by the invasiveness of fertility preservation procedures, concerns about health risks of these procedures, and financial barriers. This article describes the rationale for and development of a brief decision support and stress management intervention for women aged 18-40 who are considering fertility preservation before cancer treatment...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Jaime E Blackmon, Cori Liptak, Christopher J Recklitis
Three previously developed short forms of the Beck Depression Inventory-Youth (BDI-Y) were validated against the standard 20-item BDI-Y; 168 adolescent survivors completed the standard and short-form versions of the BDI-Y. The short forms were evaluated for internal consistency and compared with the standard BDI-Y using correlation coefficients and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. The three short forms had good internal consistency (α > 0.85), high correlations with the total BDI-Y scale (r > 0...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Lisa A Schwartz, Lauren D Brumley
PURPOSE: This study examined health-related hindrance (HRH) of personal goals among adolescents receiving treatment for cancer and healthy peers. METHODS: Adolescents and parents completed measures of demographics and psychosocial variables. Adolescents reported on their HRH, measured by ratings of the impact of pain, fatigue, other physical symptoms, and doing things to manage their health on self-identified personal goals. Disease-related information was abstracted from patient charts...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
James D Cooper, Aimee G Costello, Peter H Shaw
PURPOSE: To examine whether the rates of thrombosis in children (≤14 years of age) and adolescent/young adult (AYA) patients (15-22 years of age) with cancer is different. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the rates of thrombosis in children and AYA patients at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh during the years 2002-2010, using the tumor registry database. This list was then divided into two groups based on age at diagnosis. A review of ICD-9 codes from hospital billing records was then performed to identify patients who carried diagnoses of cancer (140...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Gregory F Guzauskas, Kathleen F Villa, Geertrui F Vanhove, Vicki L Fisher, David L Veenstra
PURPOSE: To estimate the risk-benefit trade-off of a pediatric-inspired regimen versus hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (hyper-CVAD) for first-line treatment of adolescents/young adult (AYA; ages 16-39 years) patients with Philadelphia-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia. METHODS: Patient outcomes were simulated using a 6-state Markov model, including complete response (CR), no CR, first relapse, second CR, second relapse, and death...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Sapna Kaul, Rochelle R Smits-Seemann, Eduardo R Zamora, Holly Spraker-Perlman, Kevin J Boyle, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: Examine whether survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer value recommended post-treatment care using focus groups and a willingness to pay (WTP) survey. WTP, a measure of value, indicates the dollar amount individuals are willing to pay to use a service. METHODS: Participants were recruited through the Utah Cancer Registry. N = 28 survivors diagnosed with cancer at ages 15-39 and currently aged ≥18 participated in focus groups, and N = 4 in phone interviews (participation rate = 50%)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Yuki Ito, Eriko Shiraishi, Atsuko Kato, Takayuki Haino, Kouhei Sugimoto, Aikou Okamoto, Nao Suzuki
PURPOSE: To identify the utility and issues associated with the use of decision trees in oncofertility patient care in Japan. METHODS: A total of 35 women who had been diagnosed with cancer, but had not begun anticancer treatment, were enrolled. We applied the oncofertility decision tree for women published by Gardino et al. to counsel a consecutive series of women on fertility preservation (FP) options following cancer diagnosis. Percentage of women who decided to undergo oocyte retrieval for embryo cryopreservation and the expected live-birth rate for these patients were calculated using the following equation: expected live-birth rate = pregnancy rate at each age per embryo transfer × (1 - miscarriage rate) × No...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Deirdre A Caplin, Ken R Smith, Kirsten K Ness, Heidi A Hanson, Stephanie M Smith, Paul C Nathan, Melissa M Hudson, Wendy M Leisenring, Leslie L Robison, Kevin C Oeffinger
PURPOSE: To determine the independent contribution of population socioeconomic and health system factors on childhood cancer survivors' medical care and screening. METHODS: 7899 childhood cancer survivors in the United States and Canada enrolled in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS). Population-level factors were derived from U.S. Area Health Resource File or 201 Canadian Census. Health service utilization and individual-level factors were self-reported...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Merry Lin, Ursula M Sansom-Daly, M Psychol, Claire E Wakefield, Brittany C McGill, M Psychol, Richard J Cohn
PURPOSE: Health literacy is a critical determinant of health and an emerging public health concern. Little is known about the health literacy of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) or about the ability of young patients to communicate health needs and critically evaluate information. We used qualitative methods to investigate the three aspects of health literacy (functional, communicative, and critical) in Australian AYA cancer survivors. METHODS: Forty Australian AYA cancer survivors, aged 15-29 either at diagnosis or recruitment, participated in semistructured interviews...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Cecilie Dyg Sperling, Gitte Stentebjerg Petersen, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton, Christian Graugaard, Jeanette Falck Winther, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Jette Ahrensberg, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Kirsten A Boisen, Pia Riis Olsen, Anne Christine I Stender Heerdegen, Emilie Sofia Sonnenschein, Janne Lehmann Knudsen
PURPOSE: Cancer is the leading cause of nonaccidental deaths among adolescents and young adults (AYAs). In Denmark, there are substantial gaps in knowledge concerning how AYAs with cancer perceive their diagnostic and therapeutic trajectory and report health-related outcomes. The aim of this study is to describe the development of a questionnaire targeting AYAs with cancer aiming to evaluate treatment and survivorship from the perspective of the patients. METHODS: Identification of themes and development of items included in the questionnaire were based on a synthesis of literature and qualitative interviews with AYAs in an iterative process involving both a professional advisory panel and a youth panel...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Olga Husson, Bradley J Zebrack
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a new instrument that measures unique aspects of long-term survivorship for people diagnosed with cancer as Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA), not measured by existing tools. METHODS: A new candidate instrument-the Impact of Cancer for Adolescent and Young Adult (IOC-AYA) cancer survivors-was developed and administered to AYA cancer survivors aged 18-35 years who were 15-29 years old when diagnosed with cancer. Psychometric properties of newly derived scales were assessed...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Sara Giordano, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Navdha Mittal, Kristin Smith, Lee Shulman, Carolyn Passaglia, William Gradishar, Mary Ellen Pavone
PURPOSE: Mutations in the BRCA1/2 genes are associated with breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility. Recent studies have suggested that the BRCA mutation might be associated with occult primary ovarian insufficiency. To evaluate fertility, several studies have validated anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) as a direct biomarker for ovarian aging and it is considered a quantitative marker of ovarian reserve. We hypothesize that BRCA1 gene mutations will be negatively associated with AMH levels...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Emma Walker, Ana Martins, Susie Aldiss, Faith Gibson, Rachel M Taylor
Adolescents and young adults (AYA) face individual and social challenges different to other age groups that shape their experience of cancer and the associated psychological distress. This critical review examined the availability of AYA-specific psychosocial interventions to assess the impact they have and identify elements that make them successful. Five literature databases were searched for psychosocial intervention studies involving AYAs with cancer, on and off treatment, aged 10-30 years, published between 1980 and 2016...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
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