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Journal of Aging Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093973/frail-patient-in-hemodialysis-a-new-challenge-in-nephrology-incidence-in-our-area-barcelon%C3%A3-s-nord-and-maresme
#1
Ioana Bancu, Fredzzia Graterol, Jorge Bonal, Pilar Fernández-Crespo, Jessica Garcia, Susana Aguerrevere, Domingo Del Castillo, Josep Bonet
Introduction: Labeling a patient as "frail" may be useful in assessing the prognosis and therapeutic approach. Objective: The aim of the study is to define a pattern of frailty among our dialysis population, to analyse the incidence and clinical evolution of these patients. Materials and Methods: We analysed a total of 320 patients with stage V chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were on hemodialysis between September 2014 and September 2015...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062575/novel-combined-training-approach-improves-sleep-quality-but-does-not-change-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-women-a-preliminary-study
#2
Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa, Bruno Rodrigues, Marco Carlos Uchida, Olivia de Moraes Ruberti, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Tânia Maria Gaspar Novais, Paula de Lourdes Lauande Oliveira, Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida, Janaína Oliveira Bentivi Pulcherio, Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894609/an-online-platform-to-support-the-network-of-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#3
April B C G Boessen, Renée Verwey, Saskia Duymelinck, Erik van Rossum
Increasing numbers of persons with dementia (PWD) augment the pressure on dementia care, especially informal care. Care technology can support the network of PWD. We tested the usability and perceived value of an online platform that aims to support the communication and collaboration between family and professional caregivers of PWD. A mixed methods design was used for this pilot study, including semistructured interviews, a postal questionnaire, and monitoring of log data. Seven family and thirty-two professional caregivers involved with four PWD participated during a 10-week period...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890833/gender-success-and-drop-out-during-a-resistance-exercise-program-in-community-dwelling-old-adults
#4
O G Geirsdottir, M Chang, K Briem, P V Jonsson, I Thorsdottir, A Ramel
BACKGROUND: Resistance exercise training can be effective against sarcopenia. We identified predictors of drop-out and compared physical outcomes between men and women after such training. METHODS: Subjects (N = 236, 73.7 ± 5.7 years) participated in a 12-week resistance exercise program. Outcome variables were measured at baseline and endpoint. RESULTS: Drop-out was 11.9% and not significantly different between genders. Drop-outs were significantly older and had poorer strength and physical function in comparison to completers...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875042/everyday-health-among-older-people-a-comparison-between-two-countries-with-variant-life-conditions
#5
Cecilia Fagerström, Lena Sandin Wranker, Zarina Nahar Kabir, Ola Sternäng
This study described health factors of importance for everyday health, such as pain, tiredness, and sleeping problems, in a cross-national context. Data for persons 60+ years were obtained from the Poverty and Health in Aging study, Bangladesh, and the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Blekinge. The strongest associations with everyday health in Sweden were found for pain and tiredness, while in Bangladesh they were financial status, tiredness, and sleeping problems. As similarities were found regarding the associations of tiredness on everyday health, tiredness may be a universal predictor of everyday health in older adults irrespective of country context...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656108/home-features-and-assistive-technology-for-the-home-bound-elderly-in-a-thai-suburban-community-by-applying-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#6
Supawadee Putthinoi, Suchitporn Lersilp, Nopasit Chakpitak
The ageing population is having an impact worldwide and has created a serious challenge in Thailand's healthcare systems, whereby healthcare practitioners play a major role in promoting independent interaction of their client's abilities, as well as environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to survey features of the home and assistive technology (AT) for the home-bound elderly in the community of Chiang Mai, Thailand. Home evaluation included features inside and outside the home, and AT was based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) concept...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656107/the-cooccurrence-of-obesity-osteoporosis-and-sarcopenia-in-the-ovariectomized-rat-a-study-for-modeling-osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-rodents
#7
Zahra Ezzat-Zadeh, Jeong-Su Kim, P Bryant Chase, Bahram H Arjmandi
BACKGROUND: Obesity, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia may individually occur due to age-related gradual alterations in body composition. This study investigates the cooccurrence of these age-related diseases in female animals with low levels of ovarian hormone in the absence of complex multifactorial process of chronological aging. METHODS: Thirty-six 5- and 10-month-old female rats were chosen to model pre- and postmenopausal women, respectively. Rats were divided into three treatment groups in each age category-sham, ovariectomized (ovx), and ovx + E2 (17β-estradiol, 10 μg/kg)-and were pair-fed...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634548/decline-in-memory-visuospatial-ability-and-crystalized-cognitive-abilities-in-older-adults-normative-aging-or-terminal-decline
#8
R Bendayan, A M Piccinin, S M Hofer, D Cadar, B Johansson, G Muniz-Terrera
The aim of this study is to explore the pattern of change in multiple measures of cognitive abilities in a sample of oldest-old adults, comparing two different time metrics (chronological age and time to death) and therefore examining both underlying conceptual assumptions (age-related change and terminal decline). Moreover, the association with individual characteristics as sex, education, and dementia diagnosis was also examined. Measures of cognitive status (Mini-Mental State Examination and the Swedish Clock Test) and tests of crystallized (knowledge and synonyms), memory (verbal memory, nonverbal long-term memory, recognition and correspondence, and short-term memory), and visuospatial ability were included...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630771/polypharmacy-among-underserved-older-african-american-adults
#9
Mohsen Bazargan, James Smith, Masoud Movassaghi, David Martins, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Gail Orum
The purpose of the present study was to examine correlates of polypharmacy among underserved community-dwelling older African American adults. Methods. This study recruited 400 underserved older African Americans adults living in South Los Angeles. The structured face-to-face interviews collected data on participants' characteristics and elicited data pertaining to the type, frequency, dosage, and indications of all medications used by participants. Results. Seventy-five and thirty percent of participants take at least five and ten medications per day, respectively...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546878/effects-of-medicare-coverage-of-a-welcome-to-medicare-visit-on-use-of-preventive-services-among-new-medicare-enrollees
#10
Boon Peng Ng, Gail A Jensen, Heather Fritz
In January 2005, Medicare began covering a one-time initial preventive physical examination (IPPE), also called a "Welcome-to-Medicare" visit, during a beneficiary's first 6 months under Part B. This paper examines the effects of offering Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of mammograms, breast self-exams, Pap smears, prostate cancer screenings, cholesterol screenings, and flu vaccines among beneficiaries new to Part B. We adopt a difference-in-difference estimator and estimate a set of multivariate logit models to quantify the effects of introducing Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of preventive services...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409031/patient-perspectives-on-engagement-in-recovery-after-hip-fracture-a-qualitative-study
#11
Joanie Sims-Gould, Sarah Stott-Eveneshen, Lena Fleig, Megan McAllister, Maureen C Ashe
Purpose. To understand older adults' engagement in their recovery experience and rehabilitation after a fall-related hip fracture. Method. 50 community-dwelling older adults recovering from a recent (3-12 months) hip fracture (32 women, 18 men) participated in telephone interviews using a semistructured format at 6 and 12 months after recruitment into the study. Interviews were conducted as part of a mixed-methods study designed to test the effect of a postoperative hip fracture management program (B4 Clinic)...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409030/effects-of-multicomponent-exercise-on-functional-and-cognitive-parameters-of-hypertensive-patients-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Hélio José Coelho Junior, Bruno Rodrigues, Daniele Jardim Feriani, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Ricardo Yukio Asano, Samuel da Silva Aguiar, Marco Carlos Uchida
Purpose. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 6-month multicomponent exercise program (MCEP) on physical function and cognitive parameters of normotensive (NTS) and hypertensive (HTS) older patients and verify if age can influence the adaptations in response to the exercise. Methods. A total of 218 subjects, 101 NTS and 117 HTS, were recruited and underwent functional and cognitive evaluations before and after six months of a MCEP. The program of exercise was performed twice a week, for 26 weeks...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367331/knockout-of-vasohibin-1-gene-in-mice-results-in-healthy-longevity-with-reduced-expression-of-insulin-receptor-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-and-insulin-receptor-substrate-2-in-their-white-adipose-tissue
#13
Eichi Takeda, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Tetsuya Yamada, Hideki Katagiri, Yasufumi Sato
Vasohibin-1 (Vash1), originally isolated as an endothelium-derived angiogenesis inhibitor, has a characteristic of promoting stress tolerance in endothelial cells (ECs). We therefore speculated that the lack of the vash1 gene would result in a short lifespan. However, to our surprise, vash1(-/-) mice lived significantly longer with a milder senescence phenotype than wild-type (WT) mice. We sought the cause of this healthy longevity and found that vash1(-/-) mice exhibited mild insulin resistance along with reduced expression of the insulin receptor (insr), insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs-1), and insulin receptor substrate 2 (irs-2) in their white adipose tissue (WAT) but not in their liver or skeletal muscle...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261500/efficacy-of-wii-fit-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-veterans-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#14
Kalpana P Padala, Prasad R Padala, Shelly Y Lensing, Richard A Dennis, Melinda M Bopp, Christopher M Parkes, Mark K Garrison, Patricia M Dubbert, Paula K Roberson, Dennis H Sullivan
Background/Objectives. Balance problems are well-established modifiable risk factors for falls, which are common in older adults. The objective of this study was to establish the efficacy of a Wii-Fit interactive video-game-led physical exercise program to improve balance in older Veterans. Methods. A prospective randomized controlled parallel-group trial was conducted at Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Thirty community dwelling Veterans aged 68 (±6.7) years were randomized to either the exercise or control groups...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250990/measuring-fluid-intelligence-in-healthy-older-adults
#15
Mohammed K Shakeel, Vina M Goghari
The present study evaluated subjective and objective cognitive measures as predictors of fluid intelligence in healthy older adults. We hypothesized that objective cognitive measures would predict fluid intelligence to a greater degree than self-reported cognitive functioning. Ninety-three healthy older (>65 years old) community-dwelling adults participated. Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (RAPM) were used to measure fluid intelligence, Digit Span Sequencing (DSS) was used to measure working memory, Trail Making Test (TMT) was used to measure cognitive flexibility, Design Fluency Test (DFT) was used to measure creativity, and Tower Test (TT) was used to measure planning...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042484/impact-of-polypharmacy-on-the-rehabilitation-outcome-of-japanese-stroke-patients-in-the-convalescent-rehabilitation-ward
#16
Eiji Kose, Riku Maruyama, Susumu Okazoe, Hiroyuki Hayashi
Background. A risk factor associated with stroke onset is chronic kidney disease (CKD). To prevent stroke reoccurrence, it is necessary to strictly manage blood pressure, lipids, and plasma glucose. Therefore, some cases are forced to polypharmacy, elderly patients in particular. Polypharmacy often leads to adverse drug reactions and has the potential to negatively affect the rehabilitation of stroke patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of polypharmacy using a functional independence measure (FIM)...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990301/robotic-seals-as-therapeutic-tools-in-an-aged-care-facility-a-qualitative-study
#17
Melanie Birks, Marie Bodak, Joanna Barlas, June Harwood, Mary Pether
Robots, including robotic seals, have been used as an alternative to therapies such as animal assisted therapy in the promotion of health and social wellbeing of older people in aged care facilities. There is limited research available that evaluates the effectiveness of robot therapies in these settings. The aim of this study was to identify, explore, and describe the impact of the use of Paro robotic seals in an aged care facility in a regional Australian city. A qualitative, descriptive, exploratory design was employed...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882247/living-on-the-edge-social-exclusion-and-the-receipt-of-informal-care-in-older-people
#18
Lena Dahlberg, Kevin J McKee
Older people have been identified as being at risk of social exclusion. However, despite the fact that care is commonly required in later life and the majority of that care is provided by informal carers, a connection between social exclusion and informal care-receipt has rarely been considered. The aim of this study was to examine how informal care-receipt is related to social exclusion. A face-to-face questionnaire survey on social exclusion and informal care-receipt was carried out among older people (n = 1255) living in Barnsley, United Kingdom...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867662/death-anxiety-reliability-validity-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-form-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-iranian-old-aged-persons
#19
Mahboubeh Dadfar, David Lester, Fazel Bahrami
The present study is aimed at examining the level of death anxiety and the sex-related differences among old-aged Iranian individuals sample to compare the old-aged persons with young college students and to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) factors in old-aged sample. A sample of 146 volunteer Iranian individuals took part in the study. The mean ages were 68.58 (SD = 7.10), men 68.81 (SD = 7.44) and women 68.28 (SD = 6.76), respectively. The mean score of the ASDA was 51...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818798/active-and-healthy-ageing-and-independent-living-2016
#20
EDITORIAL
Maddalena Illario, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, D William Molloy, Enrica Menditto, Guido Iaccarino, Patrik Eklund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Aging Research
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