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Journal of Aging Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634548/decline-in-memory-visuospatial-ability-and-crystalized-cognitive-abilities-in-older-adults-normative-aging-or-terminal-decline
#1
R Bendayan, A M Piccinin, S M Hofer, D Cadar, B Johansson, G Muniz-Terrera
The aim of this study is to explore the pattern of change in multiple measures of cognitive abilities in a sample of oldest-old adults, comparing two different time metrics (chronological age and time to death) and therefore examining both underlying conceptual assumptions (age-related change and terminal decline). Moreover, the association with individual characteristics as sex, education, and dementia diagnosis was also examined. Measures of cognitive status (Mini-Mental State Examination and the Swedish Clock Test) and tests of crystallized (knowledge and synonyms), memory (verbal memory, nonverbal long-term memory, recognition and correspondence, and short-term memory), and visuospatial ability were included...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630771/polypharmacy-among-underserved-older-african-american-adults
#2
Mohsen Bazargan, James Smith, Masoud Movassaghi, David Martins, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Gail Orum
The purpose of the present study was to examine correlates of polypharmacy among underserved community-dwelling older African American adults. Methods. This study recruited 400 underserved older African Americans adults living in South Los Angeles. The structured face-to-face interviews collected data on participants' characteristics and elicited data pertaining to the type, frequency, dosage, and indications of all medications used by participants. Results. Seventy-five and thirty percent of participants take at least five and ten medications per day, respectively...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546878/effects-of-medicare-coverage-of-a-welcome-to-medicare-visit-on-use-of-preventive-services-among-new-medicare-enrollees
#3
Boon Peng Ng, Gail A Jensen, Heather Fritz
In January 2005, Medicare began covering a one-time initial preventive physical examination (IPPE), also called a "Welcome-to-Medicare" visit, during a beneficiary's first 6 months under Part B. This paper examines the effects of offering Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of mammograms, breast self-exams, Pap smears, prostate cancer screenings, cholesterol screenings, and flu vaccines among beneficiaries new to Part B. We adopt a difference-in-difference estimator and estimate a set of multivariate logit models to quantify the effects of introducing Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of preventive services...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409031/patient-perspectives-on-engagement-in-recovery-after-hip-fracture-a-qualitative-study
#4
Joanie Sims-Gould, Sarah Stott-Eveneshen, Lena Fleig, Megan McAllister, Maureen C Ashe
Purpose. To understand older adults' engagement in their recovery experience and rehabilitation after a fall-related hip fracture. Method. 50 community-dwelling older adults recovering from a recent (3-12 months) hip fracture (32 women, 18 men) participated in telephone interviews using a semistructured format at 6 and 12 months after recruitment into the study. Interviews were conducted as part of a mixed-methods study designed to test the effect of a postoperative hip fracture management program (B4 Clinic)...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409030/effects-of-multicomponent-exercise-on-functional-and-cognitive-parameters-of-hypertensive-patients-a-quasi-experimental-study
#5
Hélio José Coelho Junior, Bruno Rodrigues, Daniele Jardim Feriani, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Ricardo Yukio Asano, Samuel da Silva Aguiar, Marco Carlos Uchida
Purpose. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 6-month multicomponent exercise program (MCEP) on physical function and cognitive parameters of normotensive (NTS) and hypertensive (HTS) older patients and verify if age can influence the adaptations in response to the exercise. Methods. A total of 218 subjects, 101 NTS and 117 HTS, were recruited and underwent functional and cognitive evaluations before and after six months of a MCEP. The program of exercise was performed twice a week, for 26 weeks...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367331/knockout-of-vasohibin-1-gene-in-mice-results-in-healthy-longevity-with-reduced-expression-of-insulin-receptor-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-and-insulin-receptor-substrate-2-in-their-white-adipose-tissue
#6
Eichi Takeda, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Tetsuya Yamada, Hideki Katagiri, Yasufumi Sato
Vasohibin-1 (Vash1), originally isolated as an endothelium-derived angiogenesis inhibitor, has a characteristic of promoting stress tolerance in endothelial cells (ECs). We therefore speculated that the lack of the vash1 gene would result in a short lifespan. However, to our surprise, vash1(-/-) mice lived significantly longer with a milder senescence phenotype than wild-type (WT) mice. We sought the cause of this healthy longevity and found that vash1(-/-) mice exhibited mild insulin resistance along with reduced expression of the insulin receptor (insr), insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs-1), and insulin receptor substrate 2 (irs-2) in their white adipose tissue (WAT) but not in their liver or skeletal muscle...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261500/efficacy-of-wii-fit-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-veterans-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#7
Kalpana P Padala, Prasad R Padala, Shelly Y Lensing, Richard A Dennis, Melinda M Bopp, Christopher M Parkes, Mark K Garrison, Patricia M Dubbert, Paula K Roberson, Dennis H Sullivan
Background/Objectives. Balance problems are well-established modifiable risk factors for falls, which are common in older adults. The objective of this study was to establish the efficacy of a Wii-Fit interactive video-game-led physical exercise program to improve balance in older Veterans. Methods. A prospective randomized controlled parallel-group trial was conducted at Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Thirty community dwelling Veterans aged 68 (±6.7) years were randomized to either the exercise or control groups...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250990/measuring-fluid-intelligence-in-healthy-older-adults
#8
Mohammed K Shakeel, Vina M Goghari
The present study evaluated subjective and objective cognitive measures as predictors of fluid intelligence in healthy older adults. We hypothesized that objective cognitive measures would predict fluid intelligence to a greater degree than self-reported cognitive functioning. Ninety-three healthy older (>65 years old) community-dwelling adults participated. Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (RAPM) were used to measure fluid intelligence, Digit Span Sequencing (DSS) was used to measure working memory, Trail Making Test (TMT) was used to measure cognitive flexibility, Design Fluency Test (DFT) was used to measure creativity, and Tower Test (TT) was used to measure planning...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042484/impact-of-polypharmacy-on-the-rehabilitation-outcome-of-japanese-stroke-patients-in-the-convalescent-rehabilitation-ward
#9
Eiji Kose, Riku Maruyama, Susumu Okazoe, Hiroyuki Hayashi
Background. A risk factor associated with stroke onset is chronic kidney disease (CKD). To prevent stroke reoccurrence, it is necessary to strictly manage blood pressure, lipids, and plasma glucose. Therefore, some cases are forced to polypharmacy, elderly patients in particular. Polypharmacy often leads to adverse drug reactions and has the potential to negatively affect the rehabilitation of stroke patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of polypharmacy using a functional independence measure (FIM)...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990301/robotic-seals-as-therapeutic-tools-in-an-aged-care-facility-a-qualitative-study
#10
Melanie Birks, Marie Bodak, Joanna Barlas, June Harwood, Mary Pether
Robots, including robotic seals, have been used as an alternative to therapies such as animal assisted therapy in the promotion of health and social wellbeing of older people in aged care facilities. There is limited research available that evaluates the effectiveness of robot therapies in these settings. The aim of this study was to identify, explore, and describe the impact of the use of Paro robotic seals in an aged care facility in a regional Australian city. A qualitative, descriptive, exploratory design was employed...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882247/living-on-the-edge-social-exclusion-and-the-receipt-of-informal-care-in-older-people
#11
Lena Dahlberg, Kevin J McKee
Older people have been identified as being at risk of social exclusion. However, despite the fact that care is commonly required in later life and the majority of that care is provided by informal carers, a connection between social exclusion and informal care-receipt has rarely been considered. The aim of this study was to examine how informal care-receipt is related to social exclusion. A face-to-face questionnaire survey on social exclusion and informal care-receipt was carried out among older people (n = 1255) living in Barnsley, United Kingdom...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867662/death-anxiety-reliability-validity-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-form-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-iranian-old-aged-persons
#12
Mahboubeh Dadfar, David Lester, Fazel Bahrami
The present study is aimed at examining the level of death anxiety and the sex-related differences among old-aged Iranian individuals sample to compare the old-aged persons with young college students and to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) factors in old-aged sample. A sample of 146 volunteer Iranian individuals took part in the study. The mean ages were 68.58 (SD = 7.10), men 68.81 (SD = 7.44) and women 68.28 (SD = 6.76), respectively. The mean score of the ASDA was 51...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818798/active-and-healthy-ageing-and-independent-living-2016
#13
EDITORIAL
Maddalena Illario, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, D William Molloy, Enrica Menditto, Guido Iaccarino, Patrik Eklund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800182/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-exercise-program-for-older-adults-in-south-florida
#14
Richard C Palmer, Anamica Batra, Chelsie Anderson, Timothy Page, Edgar Vieira, Laura Seff
Introduction. This study aimed to examine how well an evidence-based physical activity program could be translated for wide scale dissemination and adoption to increase physical activity among community-dwelling older adults. Methods. Between October 2009 and December 2012, reach, fidelity, dosage, ease of implementation, and barriers to translation of EnhanceFitness (EF) were assessed. To assess effectiveness, a pretest-posttest design was used to measure increases in functional fitness (chair stands, arm curls, and the up-and-go test)...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774319/does-sensory-function-decline-independently-or-concomitantly-with-age-data-from-the-baltimore-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#15
Shekhar K Gadkaree, Daniel Q Sun, Carol Li, Frank R Lin, Luigi Ferrucci, Eleanor M Simonsick, Yuri Agrawal
Objectives. To investigate whether sensory function declines independently or in parallel with age within a single individual. Methods. Cross-sectional analysis of Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA) participants who underwent vision (visual acuity threshold), proprioception (ankle joint proprioceptive threshold), vestibular function (cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential), hearing (pure-tone average audiometric threshold), and Health ABC physical performance battery testing. Results. A total of 276 participants (mean age 70 years, range 26-93) underwent all four sensory tests...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699069/personality-traits-in-college-students-and-caregiving-for-a-relative-with-a-chronic-health-condition
#16
Michael A Trujillo, Paul B Perrin, Aaliah Elnasseh, Bradford S Pierce, Melody Mickens
The purpose of this study was to investigate among college students the relationship between personality traits and willingness to care for a relative with a chronic health condition. 329 undergraduate students completed an online questionnaire. Hierarchical multiple regressions found that after controlling for demographics personality traits explained 10% of the variance in willingness to provide emotional care, 7% in instrumental care, and 7% in nursing care. Within these models, greater empathy was uniquely associated with willingness to provide emotional, instrumental, and nursing care for a family member in the future...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656295/perspectives-on-the-role-and-synergies-of-architecture-and-social-and-built-environment-in-enabling-active-healthy-aging
#17
REVIEW
Evangelia Chrysikou, Richard Rabnett, Chariklia Tziraki
Research has demonstrated that enabling societal and physical infrastructure and personal accommodations enhance healthy and active aging throughout the lifespan. Yet, there is a paucity of research on how to bring together the various disciplines involved in a multidomain synergistic collaboration to create new living environments for aging. This paper aims to explore the key domains of skills and knowledge that need to be considered for a conceptual prototype of an enabling educational process and environments where healthcare professionals, architects, planners, and entrepreneurs may establish a shared theoretical and experiential knowledge base, vocabulary, and implementation strategies, for the creation of the next generation of living communities of active healthy adults, for persons with disabilities and chronic disease conditions...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642523/risk-factors-for-six-types-of-disability-among-the-older-people-in-thailand-in-2002-2007-and-2011
#18
Pattaraporn Khongboon, Sathirakorn Pongpanich, Robert S Chapman
Background. There is an important need to characterize risk factors for disability in Thailand, in order to inform effective prevention and control strategies. This study investigated factors associated with risk of 6 types of disability in Thailand's ageing population in 2002, 2007, and 2011. Methods. Data came from the Cross-Sectional National Surveys of Older Persons in Thailand conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO) in 2002, 2007, and 2011. Stratified two-stage sampling was employed. Interviews of 24,835, 30,427, and 34,173 elderly people aged 60 and above were conducted in the respective study years...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597899/the-emerging-roles-of-the-calcineurin-nuclear-factor-of-activated-t-lymphocytes-pathway-in-nervous-system-functions-and-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Maulilio John Kipanyula, Wahabu Hamisi Kimaro, Paul F Seke Etet
The ongoing epidemics of metabolic diseases and increase in the older population have increased the incidences of neurodegenerative diseases. Evidence from murine and cell line models has implicated calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T-lymphocytes (NFAT) signaling pathway, a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent major proinflammatory pathway, in the pathogenesis of these diseases. Neurotoxins such as amyloid-β, tau protein, and α-synuclein trigger abnormal calcineurin/NFAT signaling activities. Additionally increased activities of endogenous regulators of calcineurin like plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) and regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) also cause neuronal and glial loss and related functional alterations, in neurodegenerative diseases, psychotic disorders, epilepsy, and traumatic brain and spinal cord injuries...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595022/hiv-infection-in-the-elderly-arising-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Bonaventura C T Mpondo
Globally there is an increase in the number of people living with HIV at an advanced age (50 years and above). This is mainly due to prolonged survival following the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Living with HIV at an advanced age has been shown to be associated with a number of challenges, both clinical and immunological. This minireview aims at discussing the challenges encountered by elderly HIV-infected patients.
2016: Journal of Aging Research
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