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Journal of Aging Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770230/the-influence-of-education-and-apolipoprotein-%C3%AE%C2%B5-4-on-mortality-in-community-dwelling-elderly-men-and-women
#1
Duke Appiah, Richard N Baumgartner
We investigated the risk of death in relation to the apolipoprotein ε 4 allele and evaluated how it interacts with education in 504 elderly adults (mean age 73 years, 65.3% women) who were enrolled in 1993 into the New Mexico Aging Process Study. During 9 years of follow-up, apolipoprotein ε 2 appeared to be associated with a lower risk for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.73, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.30-1.71) compared to apolipoprotein ε 3 carriers in models adjusted for age, sociodemographic variables, medical conditions, adiposity, and lifestyle factors...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682348/the-development-of-a-design-and-construction-process-protocol-to-support-the-home-modification-process-delivered-by-occupational-therapists
#2
Rachel Russell, Marcus Ormerod, Rita Newton
Modifying the home environments of older people as they age in place is a well-established health and social care intervention. Using design and construction methods to redress any imbalance caused by the ageing process or disability within the home environment, occupational therapists are seen as the experts in this field of practice. However, the process used by occupational therapists when modifying home environments has been criticised for being disorganised and not founded on theoretical principles and concepts underpinning the profession...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670769/associations-between-ace-inhibitors-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-and-lean-body-mass-in-community-dwelling-older-women
#3
Jennifer W Bea, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Betsy C Wertheim, Yann Klimentidis, Zhao Chen, Oleg Zaslavsky, Todd M Manini, Catherine R Womack, Candyce H Kroenke, Andrea Z LaCroix, Cynthia A Thomson
Studies suggest that ACE-inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) may preserve skeletal muscle with aging. We evaluated longitudinal differences in lean body mass (LBM) among women diagnosed with hypertension and classified as ACE-I/ARB users and nonusers among Women's Health Initiative participants that received dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scans to estimate body composition ( n =10,635) at baseline and at years 3 and 6 of follow-up. Of those, 2642 were treated for hypertension at baseline...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593908/can-driving-simulator-training-enhance-visual-attention-cognition-and-physical-functioning-in-older-adults
#4
Mathias Haeger, Otmar Bock, Daniel Memmert, Stefanie Hüttermann
Virtual reality offers a good possibility for the implementation of real-life tasks in a laboratory-based training or testing scenario. Thus, a computerized training in a driving simulator offers an ecological valid training approach. Visual attention had an influence on driving performance, so we used the reverse approach to test the influence of a driving training on visual attention and executive functions. Thirty-seven healthy older participants (mean age: 71.46 ± 4.09; gender: 17 men and 20 women) took part in our controlled experimental study...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593907/effects-of-a-12-week-exercise-training-program-on-physical-function-in-institutionalized-frail-elderly
#5
Cristiane Batisti Ferreira, Pâmela Dos Santos Teixeira, Geiane Alves Dos Santos, Athila Teles Dantas Maya, Paula Americano do Brasil, Vinícius Carolino Souza, Cláudio Córdova, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira, Ricardo Moreno Lima, Otávio de Toledo Nóbrega
With the increase in life expectancy, the Brazilian elderly population has risen considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, frailty syndrome, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. This randomized controlled trial aimed to verify the effects of exercise training on biochemical, inflammatory, and anthropometric indices and functional performance in institutionalized frail elderly...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593906/estimating-long-term-care-costs-among-thai-elderly-a-phichit-province-case-study
#6
Pattaraporn Khongboon, Sathirakorn Pongpanich
Background: Rural-urban inequality in long-term care (LTC) services has been increasing alongside rapid socioeconomic development. This study estimates the average spending on LTC services and identifies the factors that influence the use and cost of LTC for the elderly living in urban and rural areas of Thailand. Methods: The sample comprised 837 elderly aged 60 years drawn from rural and urban areas in Phichit Province. Costs were assessed over a 1-month period...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593905/conceptions-of-healthy-aging-held-by-relatives-of-older-persons-in-isan-thai-culture-a-phenomenographic-study
#7
Pornpun Manasatchakun, Åsa Roxberg, Margareta Asp
In Thailand, family nurses are expected to provide support for older persons and their family members to promote healthy aging. Family bonds are strong, and relatives are expected to take care of their older family members. However, there is limited research on how older persons' family members perceive healthy aging. This study aimed to describe the conceptions of healthy aging held by the children and grandchildren of older persons in northeast Thailand. In a phenomenographic study, 14 interviews were performed to qualitatively analyze different conceptions of healthy aging...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593904/self-rated-health-trajectories-among-married-americans-do-disparities-persist-over-20-years
#8
Terceira A Berdahl, Julia McQuillan
The purpose of this study is to understand self-rated health (SRH) trajectories by social location (race/ethnicity by gender by social class) among married individuals in the United States. We estimate multilevel models of SRH using six observations from 1980 to 2000 from a nationally representative panel of married individuals initially aged 25-55 (Marital Instability Over the Life Course Study). Results indicate that gender, race/ethnicity, and social class are associated with initial SRH disparities. Women are less healthy than men; people of color are less healthy than whites; lower educated individuals are less healthy than higher educated individuals...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201464/health-indicators-of-us-older-adults-who-received-or-did-not-receive-meals-funded-by-the-older-americans-act
#9
Edgar R Vieira, Joan A Vaccaro, Gustavo G Zarini, Fatma G Huffman
Background: The Older Americans Act (OAA) requires that nutrition programs provide meals and related nutrition services that promote health and help manage chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to compare health status, food security, functional limitations, and chronic diseases of older adults who received or did not receive OAA meals using data from a representative sample of US adults. Methods: Data were from the National Health and Nutrition Surveys 2011-2014 for 2,392 older adults ≥ 65 years of age, including 187 Mexican Americans, 212 other Hispanics, 521 non-Hispanic Blacks, 219 non-Hispanic Asians, and 1253 non-Hispanic Whites...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181198/effects-of-long-term-cultivation-on-medium-with-alpha-ketoglutarate-supplementation-on-metabolic-processes-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#10
Nadia Burdyliuk, Maria Bayliak
During last years, alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG), an important intermediate in the Krebs cycle, has been intensively studied as a dietary supplement with stress-protective and potential antiaging effects. Here, we examined the effects of exogenous AKG on metabolic processes and survival of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae during long-term cultivation. Growth on AKG had no effect on the total cell number but increased the number of reproductively active cells at the late days of cultivation (from day 7 to day 15)...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093973/frail-patient-in-hemodialysis-a-new-challenge-in-nephrology-incidence-in-our-area-barcelon%C3%A3-s-nord-and-maresme
#11
Ioana Bancu, Fredzzia Graterol, Jorge Bonal, Pilar Fernández-Crespo, Jessica Garcia, Susana Aguerrevere, Domingo Del Castillo, Josep Bonet
Introduction: Labeling a patient as "frail" may be useful in assessing the prognosis and therapeutic approach. Objective: The aim of the study is to define a pattern of frailty among our dialysis population, to analyse the incidence and clinical evolution of these patients. Materials and Methods: We analysed a total of 320 patients with stage V chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were on hemodialysis between September 2014 and September 2015...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062575/novel-combined-training-approach-improves-sleep-quality-but-does-not-change-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-women-a-preliminary-study
#12
Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa, Bruno Rodrigues, Marco Carlos Uchida, Olivia de Moraes Ruberti, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Tânia Maria Gaspar Novais, Paula de Lourdes Lauande Oliveira, Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida, Janaína Oliveira Bentivi Pulcherio, Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894609/an-online-platform-to-support-the-network-of-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#13
April B C G Boessen, Renée Verwey, Saskia Duymelinck, Erik van Rossum
Increasing numbers of persons with dementia (PWD) augment the pressure on dementia care, especially informal care. Care technology can support the network of PWD. We tested the usability and perceived value of an online platform that aims to support the communication and collaboration between family and professional caregivers of PWD. A mixed methods design was used for this pilot study, including semistructured interviews, a postal questionnaire, and monitoring of log data. Seven family and thirty-two professional caregivers involved with four PWD participated during a 10-week period...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890833/gender-success-and-drop-out-during-a-resistance-exercise-program-in-community-dwelling-old-adults
#14
O G Geirsdottir, M Chang, K Briem, P V Jonsson, I Thorsdottir, A Ramel
BACKGROUND: Resistance exercise training can be effective against sarcopenia. We identified predictors of drop-out and compared physical outcomes between men and women after such training. METHODS: Subjects ( N = 236, 73.7 ± 5.7 years) participated in a 12-week resistance exercise program. Outcome variables were measured at baseline and endpoint. RESULTS: Drop-out was 11.9% and not significantly different between genders. Drop-outs were significantly older and had poorer strength and physical function in comparison to completers...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875042/everyday-health-among-older-people-a-comparison-between-two-countries-with-variant-life-conditions
#15
Cecilia Fagerström, Lena Sandin Wranker, Zarina Nahar Kabir, Ola Sternäng
This study described health factors of importance for everyday health, such as pain, tiredness, and sleeping problems, in a cross-national context. Data for persons 60+ years were obtained from the Poverty and Health in Aging study, Bangladesh, and the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Blekinge. The strongest associations with everyday health in Sweden were found for pain and tiredness, while in Bangladesh they were financial status, tiredness, and sleeping problems. As similarities were found regarding the associations of tiredness on everyday health, tiredness may be a universal predictor of everyday health in older adults irrespective of country context...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775900/validity-of-the-german-version-of-the-continuous-scale-physical-functional-performance-10-test
#16
Irene Härdi, Stephanie A Bridenbaugh, M Elaine Cress, Reto W Kressig
BACKGROUND: The Continuous-Scale Physical Functional Performance 10 Test (CS-PFP 10) quantitatively assesses physical functional performance in older adults who have a broad range of physical functional ability. This study assessed the validity and reliability of the CS-PFP 10 German version. METHODS: Forward-translations and backtranslations as well as cultural adaptions of the test were conducted. Participants were German-speaking Swiss community-dwelling adults aged 64 and older...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656108/home-features-and-assistive-technology-for-the-home-bound-elderly-in-a-thai-suburban-community-by-applying-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#17
Supawadee Putthinoi, Suchitporn Lersilp, Nopasit Chakpitak
The ageing population is having an impact worldwide and has created a serious challenge in Thailand's healthcare systems, whereby healthcare practitioners play a major role in promoting independent interaction of their client's abilities, as well as environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to survey features of the home and assistive technology (AT) for the home-bound elderly in the community of Chiang Mai, Thailand. Home evaluation included features inside and outside the home, and AT was based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) concept...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656107/the-cooccurrence-of-obesity-osteoporosis-and-sarcopenia-in-the-ovariectomized-rat-a-study-for-modeling-osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-rodents
#18
Zahra Ezzat-Zadeh, Jeong-Su Kim, P Bryant Chase, Bahram H Arjmandi
BACKGROUND: Obesity, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia may individually occur due to age-related gradual alterations in body composition. This study investigates the cooccurrence of these age-related diseases in female animals with low levels of ovarian hormone in the absence of complex multifactorial process of chronological aging. METHODS: Thirty-six 5- and 10-month-old female rats were chosen to model pre- and postmenopausal women, respectively. Rats were divided into three treatment groups in each age category-sham, ovariectomized (ovx), and ovx + E2 (17β-estradiol, 10 μg/kg)-and were pair-fed...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634548/decline-in-memory-visuospatial-ability-and-crystalized-cognitive-abilities-in-older-adults-normative-aging-or-terminal-decline
#19
R Bendayan, A M Piccinin, S M Hofer, D Cadar, B Johansson, G Muniz-Terrera
The aim of this study is to explore the pattern of change in multiple measures of cognitive abilities in a sample of oldest-old adults, comparing two different time metrics (chronological age and time to death) and therefore examining both underlying conceptual assumptions (age-related change and terminal decline). Moreover, the association with individual characteristics as sex, education, and dementia diagnosis was also examined. Measures of cognitive status (Mini-Mental State Examination and the Swedish Clock Test) and tests of crystallized (knowledge and synonyms), memory (verbal memory, nonverbal long-term memory, recognition and correspondence, and short-term memory), and visuospatial ability were included...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630771/polypharmacy-among-underserved-older-african-american-adults
#20
Mohsen Bazargan, James Smith, Masoud Movassaghi, David Martins, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Gail Orum
The purpose of the present study was to examine correlates of polypharmacy among underserved community-dwelling older African American adults. Methods . This study recruited 400 underserved older African Americans adults living in South Los Angeles. The structured face-to-face interviews collected data on participants' characteristics and elicited data pertaining to the type, frequency, dosage, and indications of all medications used by participants. Results . Seventy-five and thirty percent of participants take at least five and ten medications per day, respectively...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
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