journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Safety and Health At Work

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344849/developing-asbestos-job-exposure-matrix-using-occupation-and-industry-specific-exposure-data-1984-2008-in-republic-of-korea
#1
Sangjun Choi, Dongmug Kang, Donguk Park, Hyunhee Lee, Bongkyoo Choi
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to develop a general population job-exposure matrix (GPJEM) on asbestos to estimate occupational asbestos exposure levels in the Republic of Korea. METHODS: Three Korean domestic quantitative exposure datasets collected from 1984 to 2008 were used to build the GPJEM. Exposure groups in collected data were reclassified based on the current Korean Standard Industrial Classification (9(th) edition) and the Korean Standard Classification of Occupations code (6(th) edition) that is in accordance to international standards...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344848/occupational-heat-stress-impacts-on-health-and-productivity-in-a-steel-industry-in-southern-india
#2
Manikandan Krishnamurthy, Paramesh Ramalingam, Kumaravel Perumal, Latha Perumal Kamalakannan, Jeremiah Chinnadurai, Rekha Shanmugam, Krishnan Srinivasan, Vidhya Venugopal
BACKGROUND: Workers laboring in steel industries in tropical settings with high ambient temperatures are subjected to thermally stressful environments that can create well-known risks of heat-related illnesses and limit workers' productivity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study undertaken in a steel industry in a city nicknamed "Steel City" in Southern India assessed thermal stress by wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and level of dehydration from urine color and urine specific gravity...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344847/exercise-self-efficacy-as-a-mediator-between-goal-setting-and-physical-activity-developing-the-workplace-as-a-setting-for-promoting-physical-activity
#3
Yoshie Iwasaki, Sumihisa Honda, Shuji Kaneko, Kazuhiro Kurishima, Ayumi Honda, Ayumu Kakinuma, Doosub Jahng
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is ranked as a leading health indicator and the workplace is a key setting to promote PA. The purpose of this study was to examine how goal-setting and exercise self-efficacy (SE) during a health promotion program influenced PA level among Japanese workers. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we surveyed 281 employees. The short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess PA level...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344846/beating-obesity-factors-associated-with-interest-in-workplace-weight-management-assistance-in-the-mining-industry
#4
Tamara D Street, Drew L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Rates of overweight and obese Australians are high and continue to rise, putting a large proportion of the population at risk of chronic illness. Examining characteristics associated with preference for a work-based weight-loss program will enable employers to better target programs to increase enrolment and benefit employees' health and fitness for work. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken at two Australian mining sites. The survey collected information on employee demographics, health characteristics, work characteristics, stages of behavior change, and preference for workplace assistance with reaching a healthy weight...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344845/respiratory-disorders-among-workers-in-slaughterhouses
#5
Abbasali Kasaeinasab, Mehdi Jahangiri, Ali Karimi, Hamid Reza Tabatabaei, Sonia Safari
BACKGROUND: Workers in slaughterhouses are exposed to a wide range of biological contaminants, such as bacteria and fungi, due to their working environment. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of respiratory disorders among workers in slaughterhouses. METHODS: This study was conducted on 81 workers in slaughterhouses and 81 healthy office workers as a reference group. The American Thoracic Society standard respiratory symptoms questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence of respiratory disorders...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344844/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-parental-support-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-chinese-dual-earner-families
#6
Jian Li, Adrian Loerbroks, Johannes Siegrist
BACKGROUND: In contemporary China, most parents are dual-earner couples and there is only one child in the family. We aimed to examine the associations of parents' work stress with suicidal ideation among the corresponding adolescent. We further hypothesized that low parental support experienced by adolescents may mediate the associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from school students and their working parents were used, with 907 families from Kunming City, China...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344843/the-impact-of-job-stress-and-job-satisfaction-on-workforce-productivity-in-an-iranian-petrochemical-industry
#7
Naser Hoboubi, Alireza Choobineh, Fatemeh Kamari Ghanavati, Sareh Keshavarzi, Ali Akbar Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Job stress and job satisfaction are important factors affecting workforce productivity. This study was carried out to investigate the job stress, job satisfaction, and workforce productivity levels, to examine the effects of job stress and job satisfaction on workforce productivity, and to identify factors associated with productivity decrement among employees of an Iranian petrochemical industry. METHODS: In this study, 125 randomly selected employees of an Iranian petrochemical company participated...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344842/effectiveness-of-direct-safety-regulations-on-manufacturers-and-users-of-industrial-machines-its-implications-on-industrial-safety-policies-in-republic-of-korea
#8
Gi Heung Choi
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable efforts made in recent years, the industrial accident rate and the fatality rate in the Republic of Korea are much higher than those in most developed countries in Europe and North America. Industrial safety policies and safety regulations are also known to be ineffective and inefficient in some cases. METHODS: This study focuses on the quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of direct safety regulations such as safety certification, self-declaration of conformity, and safety inspection of industrial machines in the Republic of Korea...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344841/status-of-laboratory-biosafety-and-biosecurity-in-veterinary-research-facilities-in-nigeria
#9
Ismail Ayoade Odetokun, Afusat Toyin Jagun-Jubril, Bernard A Onoja, Yiltawe Simwal Wungak, Ibrahim Adisa Raufu, Jessica Corron Chen
BACKGROUND: This study determined current status of laboratory biosafety in Nigerian veterinary research facilities. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed to obtain information from researchers across Nigeria from July 2014 to July 2015. Information regarding demographics, knowledge of laboratory biosafety, availability and proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE), any priority pathogens researched, attitude on and use of standard laboratory practices, and biosafety awareness was obtained using a numeric scoring system...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344840/simulation-and-damage-analysis-of-an-accidental-jet-fire-in-a-high-pressure-compressed-pump-shelter
#10
Chang Bong Jang, Sang-Won Choi
BACKGROUND: As one of the most frequently occurring accidents in a chemical plant, a fire accident may occur at any place where transfer or handling of combustible materials is routinely performed. METHODS: In particular, a jet fire incident in a chemical plant operated under high pressure may bring severe damage. To review this event numerically, Computational Fluid Dynamics methodology was used to simulate a jet fire at a pipe of a compressor under high pressure...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344839/associations-between-body-fat-percentage-and-fitness-among-police-officers-a-statewide-study
#11
John M Violanti, Claudia C Ma, Desta Fekedulegn, Michael E Andrew, Ja K Gu, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Cecil M Burchfiel
BACKGROUND: Police work is generally sedentary although there may be situations that require physical endurance and strength, such as foot chases and arresting suspects. Factors such as excessive body fat can impede an officer's physical ability to deal with such occurrences. Our objective was to examine associations between officers' body fat percentage (BF%) and performance on a standardized fitness protocol. METHODS: Data were obtained from fitness screening among 1,826 male and 115 female officers in a large US police agency...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344838/establishing-a-policy-framework-for-the-primary-prevention-of-occupational-cancer-a-proposal-based-on-a-prospective-health-policy-analysis
#12
Amanda Veglia, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Despite our knowledge of the causes of cancer, millions of workers are involuntarily exposed to a wide range of known and suspected carcinogens in the workplace. To address this issue from a policy perspective, we developed a policy framework based on a prospective health policy analysis. Use of the framework was demonstrated for developing policies to prevent cancers associated with diesel engine exhaust (DEE), asbestos, and shift work, three occupational carcinogens with global reach and large cancer impact...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344837/exploring-supervisor-related-job-resources-as-mediators-between-supervisor-conflict-and-job-attitudes-in-hospital-employees
#13
Achim Elfering, Christin Gerhardt, Simone Grebner, Urs Müller
BACKGROUND: Conservation of resources theory assumes loss of resources as a cause of job strain. In hospital work, conflicts with supervisors are tested to predict lower resources, that is, supervisory social support, participation possibilities, and appreciation. All three resources are expected to predict, in turn, experienced stress (job strain) and lower job satisfaction, lower affective commitment, and a higher resigned attitude towards the job (job attitudes). METHODS: The sample included 1,073 employees from 14 Swiss hospitals (n = 604 nurses, n = 81 physicians, n = 135 medical therapists, and n = 253 technical and administrative staff)...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344836/human-body-mechanics-of-pushing-and-pulling-analyzing-the-factors-of-task-related-strain-on-the-musculoskeletal-system
#14
REVIEW
Andreas Argubi-Wollesen, Bettina Wollesen, Martin Leitner, Klaus Mattes
The purpose of this review is to name and describe the important factors of musculoskeletal strain originating from pushing and pulling tasks such as cart handling that are commonly found in industrial contexts. A literature database search was performed using the research platform Web of Science. For a study to be included in this review differences in measured or calculated strain had to be investigated with regard to: (1) cart weight/ load; (2) handle position and design; (3) exerted forces; (4) handling task (push and pull); or (5) task experience...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344835/a-review-of-mercury-exposure-and-health-of-dental-personnel
#15
REVIEW
Natasha Nagpal, Silvana S Bettiol, Amy Isham, Ha Hoang, Leonard A Crocombe
Considerable effort has been made to address the issue of occupational health and environmental exposure to mercury. This review reports on the current literature of mercury exposure and health impacts on dental personnel. Citations were searched using four comprehensive electronic databases for articles published between 2002 and 2015. All original articles that evaluated an association between the use of dental amalgam and occupational mercury exposure in dental personnel were included. Fifteen publications from nine different countries met the selection criteria...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337368/do-personality-and-organizational-politics-predict-workplace-victimization-a-study-among-ghanaian-employees
#16
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawiah, Francis Annor
BACKGROUND: Workplace victimization is considered a major social stressor with significant implications for the wellbeing of employees and organizations. The aim of this study was to examine the influences of employees' personality traits and organizational politics on workplace victimization among Ghanaian employees. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 631 employees selected from diverse occupations through convenience sampling. Data collection tools were standardized questionnaires that measured experiences of negative acts at work (victimization), the Big Five personality traits, and organizational politics...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924245/hepatitis-b-preventive-behavioral-intentions-in-healthcare-workers
#17
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924244/job-hazard-analyses-for-musculoskeletal-disorder-risk-factors-in-pressing-operations-of-dry-cleaning-establishments
#18
Jung-Keun Park
Job hazard analyses were conducted to assess exposure to musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risk factors in seven workers of three dry-cleaning establishments. In accordance with the Washington State Ergonomics Rule, the analyses were performed in two separate steps: (1) observation and checklist approaches were made to identify a "caution zone job" in the seven workers' pressing operations across the three shops; and (2) detailed posture and motion analyses were undertaken to determine a "MSD hazard" in one worker's operation using a video technique...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924243/comparison-of-real-time-nanoparticle-monitoring-instruments-in-the-workplaces
#19
Seunghon Ham, Naroo Lee, Igchun Eom, Byoungcheun Lee, Perng-Jy Tsai, Kiyoung Lee, Chungsik Yoon
BACKGROUND: Relationships among portable scanning mobility particle sizer (P-SMPS), condensation particle counter (CPC), and surface area monitor (SAM), which are different metric measurement devices, were investigated, and two widely used research grade (RG)-SMPSs were compared to harmonize the measurement protocols. METHODS: Pearson correlation analysis was performed to compare the relation between P-SMPS, CPC, and SAM and two common RG-SMPS. RESULTS: For laboratory and engineered nanoparticle (ENP) workplaces, correlation among devices showed good relationships...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924242/estimates-of-the-number-of-workers-exposed-to-diesel-engine-exhaust-in-south-korea-from-1993-to-2013
#20
Sangjun Choi, Donguk Park, Seung Won Kim, Kwonchul Ha, Hyejung Jung, Gwangyong Yi, Dong-Hee Koh, Deokmook Park, Oknam Sun, Sanni Uuksulainen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the number of workers exposed to diesel engine exhaust (DEE) by industry and year in the Republic of Korea. METHOD: The estimates of workers potentially exposed to DEE in the Republic of Korea were calculated by industry on the basis of the carcinogen exposure (CAREX) surveillance system. The data on the labor force employed in DEE exposure industries were obtained from the Census on Establishments conducted by the Korea National Statistical Office from 1993 to 2013...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
journal
journal
43287
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"