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Safety and Health At Work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924245/hepatitis-b-preventive-behavioral-intentions-in-healthcare-workers
#1
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924244/job-hazard-analyses-for-musculoskeletal-disorder-risk-factors-in-pressing-operations-of-dry-cleaning-establishments
#2
Jung-Keun Park
Job hazard analyses were conducted to assess exposure to musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risk factors in seven workers of three dry-cleaning establishments. In accordance with the Washington State Ergonomics Rule, the analyses were performed in two separate steps: (1) observation and checklist approaches were made to identify a "caution zone job" in the seven workers' pressing operations across the three shops; and (2) detailed posture and motion analyses were undertaken to determine a "MSD hazard" in one worker's operation using a video technique...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924243/comparison-of-real-time-nanoparticle-monitoring-instruments-in-the-workplaces
#3
Seunghon Ham, Naroo Lee, Igchun Eom, Byoungcheun Lee, Perng-Jy Tsai, Kiyoung Lee, Chungsik Yoon
BACKGROUND: Relationships among portable scanning mobility particle sizer (P-SMPS), condensation particle counter (CPC), and surface area monitor (SAM), which are different metric measurement devices, were investigated, and two widely used research grade (RG)-SMPSs were compared to harmonize the measurement protocols. METHODS: Pearson correlation analysis was performed to compare the relation between P-SMPS, CPC, and SAM and two common RG-SMPS. RESULTS: For laboratory and engineered nanoparticle (ENP) workplaces, correlation among devices showed good relationships...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924242/estimates-of-the-number-of-workers-exposed-to-diesel-engine-exhaust-in-south-korea-from-1993-to-2013
#4
Sangjun Choi, Donguk Park, Seung Won Kim, Kwonchul Ha, Hyejung Jung, Gwangyong Yi, Dong-Hee Koh, Deokmook Park, Oknam Sun, Sanni Uuksulainen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the number of workers exposed to diesel engine exhaust (DEE) by industry and year in the Republic of Korea. METHOD: The estimates of workers potentially exposed to DEE in the Republic of Korea were calculated by industry on the basis of the carcinogen exposure (CAREX) surveillance system. The data on the labor force employed in DEE exposure industries were obtained from the Census on Establishments conducted by the Korea National Statistical Office from 1993 to 2013...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924241/sleep-and-fatigue-among-seafarers-the-role-of-environmental-stressors-duration-at-sea-and-psychological-capital
#5
Sigurd W Hystad, Jarle Eid
BACKGROUND: Seafaring is an inherently stressful environment. Because working time and leisure time is spent in the same confined environment for a prolonged period of time, many stressors present in seafaring can also be conceived of as chronic. We explored the effects of duration at sea, seafaring experience, environmental stressors, and psychological capital (PsyCap) on the sleep quality and fatigue of seafarers. PsyCap is a construct that draws upon ideas from positive psychology and positive organizational behavior, and is intended to capture an individual's psychological capacities that can be developed and utilized for performance improvements...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924240/buffering-effect-of-job-resources-in-the-relationship-between-job-demands-and-work-to-private-life-interference-a-study-among-health-care-workers
#6
Sara Viotti, Daniela Converso
BACKGROUND: The present study aims at investigating whether and how (1) job demands and job resources are associated with work-to-private-life interference (WLI) and (2) job resources moderate the relationship between job demands and WLI. METHODS: Data were collected by a self-report questionnaire from three hospitals in Italy. The sample consisted of 889 health-care workers. RESULTS: All job demands (i.e., quantitative demands, disproportionate patient expectations, and verbal aggression) and job resources (i...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924239/key-strike-forces-and-their-relation-to-high-level-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms
#7
Yafa Levanon, Amit Gefen, Yehuda Lerman, Sigal Portnoy, Navah Z Ratzon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relation between key strike forces and musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS). Moreover, this study presents a key strike force measurement method to be used in a workplace setting. The correlation between key strike force characteristics and MSS was previously studied, but the measurement methods used either a single-key switch or force platforms applied under the keyboard. Most of the studies were conducted in a laboratory setting. The uniqueness of measurement methods in the current study is their ability to measure forces applied to a specific key in a workplace setting and to provide more information about specific key strike forces during typing...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924238/work-pressure-and-safety-behaviors-among-health-workers-in-ghana-the-moderating-role-of-management-commitment-to-safety
#8
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawaih, Michael Appiah Adu
BACKGROUND: safety and healthy working environment has received numerous research attention over the years. Majority of these researches seem to have been conducted in the construction industry, with little attention in the health sector. Nonetheless, there are couple of studies conducted in Africa that suggest pressure in hospitals. Therefore the aim of the study was to examine how pressure influence safety behavior in the hospitals. With reference to the relevance of safety behavior in primary health care delivery, there was the need for the study...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924237/an-investigation-of-health-and-safety-measures-in-a-hydroelectric-power-plant
#9
Amevi Acakpovi, Lucky Dzamikumah
BACKGROUND: Occupational risk management is known as a catalyst in generating superior returns for all stakeholders on a sustainable basis. A number of companies in Ghana implemented health and safety measures adopted from international companies to ensure the safety of their employees. However, there exist great threats to employees' safety in these companies. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the level of compliance of Occupational Health and Safety management systems and standards set by international and local legislation in power producing companies in Ghana...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924236/validity-assessment-of-the-persian-version-of-the-nordic-safety-climate-questionnaire-nosacq-50-a-case-study-in-a-steel-company
#10
Yadolah Yousefi, Mehdi Jahangiri, Alireza Choobineh, Hamidreza Tabatabaei, Sareh Keshavarzi, Ali Shams, Younes Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: The Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire-50 (NOSACQ-50) was developed by a team of Nordic occupational safety researchers based on safety climate and psychological theories. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Persian version of NOSACQ-50 and assess the score of safety climate on a group of workers in a steel company in Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of NOSACQ-50 was distributed among 661 employees of a steel company in Qazvin Province (Iran)...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924235/evaluation-of-related-risk-factors-in-number-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-carpet-weavers-in-iran
#11
Nasim Karimi, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Majid Motamedzade, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a common problem among carpet weavers. This study was undertaken to introduce affecting personal and occupational factors in developing the number of MSDs among carpet weavers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 862 weavers in seven towns with regard to workhouse location in urban or rural regions. Data were collected by using questionnaires that contain personal, workplace, and information tools and the modified Nordic MSDs questionnaire...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924234/a-descriptive-study-of-occupational-health-services-in-self-employed-enterprises-nanoscale-enterprises-shiraz-iran
#12
Mehdi Jahangiri, Akbar Rostamabadi, Parvaneh Yekzamani, Bahare Mahmood Abadi, Fariborz Behbood, Seyyedeh Fatemeh Ahmadi, Zahra Momeni
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted with aim of providing an overview of the current status of occupational health services and identifying the most common harmful agents at workplaces of Iranian self-employed enterprises (Nano-Scale Enterprises). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among a random sample including 1,758 employees engaging in self-employed enterprises with 5 and less employees. RESULTS: Coverage of occupational health surveillance was very poor, annual health examinations were been conducted only for 64 (3...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924233/the-impact-of-redundancy-and-teamwork-on-resilience-engineering-factors-by-fuzzy-mathematical-programming-and-analysis-of-variance-in-a-large-petrochemical-plant
#13
Ali Azadeh, Vahid Salehi, Mahsa Mirzayi
BACKGROUND: Resilience engineering (RE) is a new paradigm that can control incidents and reduce their consequences. Integrated RE includes four new factors-self-organization, teamwork, redundancy, and fault-tolerance-in addition to conventional RE factors. This study aimed to evaluate the impacts of these four factors on RE and determine the most efficient factor in an uncertain environment. METHODS: The required data were collected through a questionnaire in a petrochemical plant in June 2013...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924232/proposal-for-an-evaluation-method-for-the-performance-of-work-procedures
#14
Mouda Mohammed, Djebabra M├ębarek, Boulagouas Wafa, Chati Makhlouf
BACKGROUND: Noncompliance of operators with work procedures is a recurrent problem. This human behavior has been said to be situational and studied by many different approaches (ergonomic and others), which consider the noncompliance with work procedures to be obvious and seek to analyze its causes as well as consequences. METHODS: The object of the proposed method is to solve this problem by focusing on the performance of work procedures and ensuring improved performance on a continuous basis...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924231/a-tobacco-cessation-intervention-with-rural-medically-underserved-blue-collar-employees-a-quasiexperimental-study
#15
Telisa Stewart, Margaret K Formica, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Dongliang Wang, Meg Gerrard
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase knowledge regarding the dangers associated with tobacco use, and decrease secondhand smoke exposure and tobacco use behaviors with an antitobacco messaging campaign among rural, medically underserved, blue-collar workers. METHODS: A quasiexperimental study was conducted with employees at two worksites. One worksite received the intervention, which consisted of nine different antitobacco messages. Baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted at each worksite to assess change in knowledge and behavior; the data were compared across the two worksites...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924230/trend-of-fire-outbreaks-in-ghana-and-ways-to-prevent-these-incidents
#16
Emmanuel K Addai, Samuel K Tulashie, Joe-Steve Annan, Isaac Yeboah
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, fire incidents have become a regular occurrence, with thousands of lives and millions of dollars lost every year. Hardly a day passes without news of a fire outbreak in some part of Ghana, causing fear and panic among the people. This generates much discussion centering on rumors relating to politics, sabotage, misfortune, religious differences, etc. This article seeks to discuss the trend of fire incidents occurring in Ghana from 2000 to 2013 and the different ways to prevent these incidents...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924229/men-work-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review-of-depression-in-male-dominated-industries-and-occupations
#17
REVIEW
Ann M Roche, Ken Pidd, Jane A Fischer, Nicole Lee, Anje Scarfe, Victoria Kostadinov
Among men, depression is often unrecognised and untreated. Men employed in male-dominated industries and occupations may be particularly vulnerable. However, efforts to develop tailored workplace interventions are hampered by lack of prevalence data. A systematic review of studies reporting prevalence rates for depression in male dominated workforce groups was undertaken. Studies were included if they were published between 1990 - June 2012 in English, examined adult workers in male-dominated industries or occupations (> 70% male workforce), and used clinically relevant indicators of depression...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924228/allied-health-professionals-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Sarah P Anderson, Jodi Oakman
Work-related musculoskeletal injuries and disorders (WMSD) are a significant issue in the health care sector. Allied Health professionals (AHP) in this sector are exposed to physical and psychosocial factors associated with increased risk of developing a WMSD. Clarification of relevant hazard and risk factors for AHP is needed to improve understanding and inform WMSD risk management. A systematic analysis of the literature was undertaken to determine prevalence and risk factors for WMSD in AHP. Databases of Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL (EBSCO), EMBASE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were reviewed...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630798/corrigendum-to-unions-health-and-safety-committees-and-workplace-accidents-in-the-korean-manufacturing-sector-saf-health-work-7-2-2016-161-165
#19
Woo-Yung Kim, Hm-Hak Cho
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2016.02.005.].
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630797/response-to-ergonomic-intervention-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-construction-workers
#20
J S Boschman, M H Frings-Dresen, H F van der Molen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
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