journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Childhood Obesity

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632394/changes-in-eating-behaviors-of-children-with-obesity-in-response-to-carbohydrate-modified-and-portion-controlled-diets
#1
Shelley Kirk, Jessica G Woo, Bonnie Brehm, Stephen R Daniels, Brian E Saelens
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to determine whether two distinct carbohydrate (CHO)-modified diets and a standard portion-controlled (PC) diet differentially impacted children's eating behaviors and whether eating behavior scores predicted lower BMI among children with obesity. METHODS: Children (n = 102) aged 7-12 years with obesity were randomly assigned to a 12-month intervention of a low-carbohydrate (LC), reduced glycemic load (RGL), or standard PC diet...
June 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604080/association-of-childhood-obesity-and-the-immune-system-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#2
Roya Kelishadi, Mohammad Roufarshbaf, Sina Soheili, Farzaneh Payghambarzadeh, Mohsen Masjedi
The growing prevalence of childhood obesity has become a serious health problem over the past decades. As the immune system is greatly affected by excess weight, in this review of reviews, we discuss the findings of review articles about the relationship between childhood/maternal obesity and children's immune system. We searched English-language articles in PubMed, Scopus, ISI Thomson Reuters, and Google Scholar databases. All relevant reviews, either systematic or narrative, were retrieved. Then their quality was assessed by using the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews and International Narrative Systematic Assessment tools, respectively...
June 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604071/longitudinal-associations-of-sleep-duration-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-with-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-health-at-the-age-of-6-years-the-generation-r-study
#3
Ivonne P M Derks, Desana Kocevska, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Melissa Wake, Henning Tiemeier, Pauline W Jansen
BACKGROUND: A short sleep duration is associated with a higher obesity risk from midchildhood onward. However, whether sleep duration in early childhood is associated with body composition and cardiometabolic health remains unclear. This study aims to examine the prospective association of sleep duration in infancy and early childhood with body composition and cardiometabolic health at 6 years of age. METHODS: Data were available for 5161 children from a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
June 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574759/sedentary-behavior-and-cardiometabolic-health-associations-in-obese-11-13-year-olds
#4
Gregory J Norman, Jordan A Carlson, Kevin Patrick, Julia K Kolodziejczyk, Job G Godino, Jeannie Huang, John Thyfault
BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of sedentary time's impact on cardiometabolic health can help prioritize intervention targets. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cross-sectional and longitudinal relations of reported screen time and objectively measured total percent of time spent sedentary with cardiometabolic health in obese youth. METHODS: Participants were 106 obese adolescents age 11-13 (N = 106, 51% girls, and 82% Hispanic) recruited from primary care clinics in southern California...
June 2, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557558/a-social-media-peer-group-for-mothers-to-prevent-obesity-from-infancy-the-grow2gether-randomized-trial
#5
Alexander G Fiks, Rachel S Gruver, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Justine Shults, Senbagam Virudachalam, Andrew W Suh, Marsha Gerdes, Gurpreet K Kalra, Patricia A DeRusso, Alexandra Lieberman, Daniel Weng, Michal A Elovitz, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas J Power
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed obesity prevention among low-income families whose infants are at increased obesity risk. We tested a Facebook peer-group intervention for low-income mothers to foster behaviors promoting healthy infant growth. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 87 pregnant women (Medicaid insured, BMI ≥25 kg/m(2)) were randomized to the Grow2Gether intervention or text message appointment reminders. Grow2Gether participants joined a private Facebook group of 9-13 women from 2 months before delivery until infant age 9 months...
May 30, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520476/early-life-growth-predictors-of-childhood-adiposity-trajectories-and-future-risk-for-obesity-birth-to-twenty-cohort
#6
Richard J Munthali, Juliana Kagura, Zané Lombard, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of variations in adiposity trajectories among individuals, but the influence of early life growth patterns on these trajectories is underresearched in low- and middle-income countries. Therefore, our aim was to examine the association between early life conditional weight gain and childhood adiposity trajectories. METHODS: We previously identified distinct adiposity trajectories (four for girls and three for boys) in black South African children (boys = 877; girls = 947)...
May 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497993/personal-variation-in-preference-for-sweetness-effects-of-age-and-obesity
#7
Nuala Bobowski, Julie A Mennella
BACKGROUND: Use of nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs), which provide sweet taste with few to no calories, has increased, but data on whether children's hedonic responses to NNSs differ from nutritive sugars or from adults' hedonic responses are limited. METHODS: Most preferred levels of sucrose and the NNS sucralose were determined via a forced-choice tracking procedure in 48 children, 7-14 years (mean = 10 years), and 34 adults. Each participant also rated the liking of these taste stimuli, as well as varying concentrations of aspartame on 3- and 5-point facial hedonic scales...
May 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471701/the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-delivery-method-birth-weight-and-night-sleep-duration-as-determinants-of-obesity-in-vietnamese-children-of-primary-school-age
#8
Le Thi Tuyet, Bui Thi Nhung, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Danh Tuyen, Tran Quang Binh, Vu Thi Minh Thuc
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex disease that involves both environmental and genetic factors in its pathogenesis. Several studies have identified multiple obesity-associated loci in many populations. However, their contribution to obesity in the Vietnamese population is not fully described, especially in children. The study aimed to investigate the association of obesity with Val66Met polymorphism in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, delivery method, birth weight, and lifestyle factors in Vietnamese primary school children...
May 4, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471699/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-examining-the-effectiveness-of-mobile-health-technologies-in-using-self-monitoring-for-pediatric-weight-management
#9
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a public health concern related to multiple negative physical and psychosocial problems. While behavioral weight control (BWC) interventions are generally effective in decreasing pediatric weight status, these interventions are not able to reach the third of U.S. children currently classified as overweight or obese. METHOD: This review and meta-analysis examined the overall effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) technologies employing self-monitoring, a central component of change within BWC, to decrease pediatric weight status...
May 4, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467110/examining-sociodemographic-differences-in-playground-availability-and-quality-and-associations-with-childhood-obesity
#10
Shea M McCarthy, S Morgan Hughey, Andrew T Kaczynski
BACKGROUND: Parks and playgrounds are important environmental components for promoting healthy weight among children. The purposes of this study were to examine disparities in access to playgrounds and playground quality by multiple sociodemographic characteristics and the association of playground access and quality with youth weight status. METHODS: Objectively measured height and weight were collected for all third to fifth grade youth (n = 13,469) in a southeastern US County...
May 3, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459602/inverse-correlation-between-helicobacter-pylori-colonization-and-pediatric-overweight-a-preliminary-study
#11
Hadar Moran-Lev, Ronit Lubetzky, Dror Mandel, Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Shlomi Cohen
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori, one of the most common bacterial pathogens in humans, is generally acquired during childhood. The inverse correlation between H. pylori colonization and obesity that was found in adults has not been investigated in depth in children. Our aim was to assess the correlation between overweight and obesity and H. pylori colonization in a pediatric population. METHODS: H. pylori colonization in 70 symptomatic children was determined after antral biopsies during esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
May 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448174/a-school-based-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-engage-spanish-adolescents-in-a-healthy-lifestyle-we-are-cool-som-la-pera-study-a-parallel-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, David Moriña, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner-Høeberg, Francesc Puiggròs, Lluís Arola, Amy Davies, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
BACKGROUND: Encouraging adolescents to adopt healthy lifestyles can be challenging. The aim of the "Som la Pera" study was to engage adolescents by applying new strategies to increase both their fruit and vegetable consumption and their physical activity (PA) while reducing their sedentary behavior. METHODS: In disadvantaged neighborhoods of Reus (Spain), two high schools were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 170 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds) and two were assigned to the control group (n = 223 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds)...
April 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440693/maternal-history-of-child-abuse-and-obesity-risk-in-offspring-mediation-by-weight-in-pregnancy
#13
Stephanie A Leonard, Lucia C Petito, David H Rehkopf, Lorrene D Ritchie, Barbara Abrams
BACKGROUND: Women's experience of childhood adversity may contribute to their children's risk of obesity. Possible causal pathways include higher maternal weight and gestational weight gain, which have been associated with both maternal childhood adversity and obesity in offspring. METHODS: This study included 6718 mother-child pairs from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 in the United States (1979-2012). We applied multiple log-binomial regression models to estimate associations between three markers of childhood adversity (physical abuse, household alcoholism, and household mental illness) and offspring obesity in childhood...
April 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440662/step-tracking-with-goals-increases-children-s-weight-loss-in-behavioral-intervention
#14
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Amber R Jarrell, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Savarra Mantzor, Robert L Newton, Patrice Tyson
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of step goals with pedometers to improve children's weight loss, physical activity, and psychosocial health during obesity treatment. METHODS: Overweight and obese children ages 8-17 years (n = 105) participated in a 10-week family-based weight management intervention, including physical activity, nutrition, and behavioral modification. A quasi-experimental design was used to group eight cohorts into three conditions: no pedometer (n = 24), pedometer only (n = 25), and pedometer with step goals (i...
April 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398851/breastfeeding-reduces-childhood-obesity-risks
#15
Liang Wang, Candice Collins, Melanie Ratliff, Bin Xie, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the effects of breastfeeding and its duration on the development of childhood obesity from 24 months through grade 6. METHODS: U.S. longitudinal data collected from 1234 children were analyzed using logistic regression models and generalized estimating equation (GEE). Child height and weight were measured six times at ages of 24 months, 36 months, 54 months, grade 1, grade 3, and grade 6. RESULTS: During the early 1990s, prevalence of breastfeeding was low in the United States, 60% and 48% at 1 and 6 months, respectively...
June 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398850/ethnic-differences-in-lipid-profiles-of-overweight-obese-and-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-6-19-years-of-age
#16
Sarita Dhuper, Nagla S Bayoumi, Yash D Shah, Shilpa Mehta
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences in lipid profiles exist in children and adolescents. This study assessed whether variations in lipid profiles present in overweight and obese youth were also observed in severely obese youth. Variations could explain the lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in certain ethnic groups at even severe levels of obesity. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years of 2001 through 2012...
June 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267352/the-interplay-among-bmi-z-score-peer-victmization-and-self-concept-in-outpatient-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#17
Dario Bacchini, Maria Rosaria Licenziati, Gaetana Affuso, Alessandra Garrasi, Nicola Corciulo, Daniela Driul, Rita Tanas, Perla Maria Fiumani, Elena Di Pietro, Sabino Pesce, Antonino Crinò, Giulio Maltoni, Lorenzo Iughetti, Alessandro Sartorio, Manuela Deiana, Francesca Lombardi, Giuliana Valerio
BACKGROUND: Research has provided evidence that obesity is associated with peer victimization and low levels of self-concept. No study has examined the relationship between BMI z-score, self-concept in multiple domains, and peer victimization. METHODS: The aim of the research was to investigate the interplay between BMI z-score, self-concept in multiple domains (physical, athletic, social), and peer victimization, testing direct, mediated, and moderated associations...
June 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256922/obese-adolescents-show-reduced-cognitive-processing-speed-compared-with-healthy-weight-peers
#18
Victoria Sweat, Kathy F Yates, Renee Migliaccio, Antonio Convit
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity and obesity-associated diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) continue to rise. Obesity has been linked to structural and functional brain abnormalities, particularly in the frontal lobe. METHODS: One hundred sixty-two adolescents (aged 19.53 ± 1.53 years) underwent medical, neurocognitive, and brain magnetic resonance imaging assessments. Participants were either healthy weight (BMI <25.0 kg/m(2) or BMI percentile <85%) or obese (BMI ≥30...
June 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187267/use-of-appreciative-inquiry-to-engage-parents-as-codesigners-of-a-weight-management-intervention-for-adolescents
#19
Shirley M Moore, Cheryl M Killion, Sharon Andrisin, Frances Lissemore, Tonia Primm, Oluwatomisin Olayinka, Elaine A Borawski
BACKGROUND: Focus groups are often used to involve families as codesigners of weight management interventions. Focus groups, however, are seldom designed to elicit families' strengths and positive experiences. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of the Appreciative Inquiry process in the conduct of focus groups to engage families in the design of a weight management intervention for adolescents. METHODS: A convenience sample of 44 parents (84% female; 82% minority) of adolescent children with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile, who were in the 6th-8th grade in a large urban school, participated in focus groups designed to elicit family-positive experiences and strengths regarding healthy living...
June 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165758/early-antibiotic-exposure-and-risk-of-childhood-obesity-in-latinos
#20
Annette P Ville, Melvin B Heyman, Rosalinda Medrano, Janet M Wojcicki
We investigated the relationship between early antibiotic exposure before 6 months age and risk for obesity at 2 years in a high-risk, low-income, urban Latino cohort (n = 97), with the hypothesis that antibiotic exposure would increase risk for obesity by 2 years. Data were collected through maternal report of infant 24-hour dietary intake at 4-6 weeks, 6 months, 1, and 2 years; and food frequency questionnaires at 4-6 weeks, 6 months, 1, and 2 years. Antibiotic use data, including type and frequency, were collected through maternal self-report at 6 months and 1 year...
June 2017: Childhood Obesity
journal
journal
43281
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"