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Childhood Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322576/the-effects-of-exercise-on-abdominal-fat-and-liver-enzymes-in-pediatric-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Katherine González-Ruiz, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Mark D Peterson, Antonio García-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Despite the prevalence of obesity and the multiple position stands promoting exercise for the treatment of obesity and hepatic function, a meta-analytic approach has not previously been used to examine the effects in the pediatric population. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions on abdominal fat, liver enzymes, and intrahepatic fat in overweight and obese youth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized search was made using three databases...
March 21, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267352/the-interplay-among-bmi-z-score-peer-victmization-and-self-concept-in-outpatient-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#2
Dario Bacchini, Maria Rosaria Licenziati, Gaetana Affuso, Alessandra Garrasi, Nicola Corciulo, Daniela Driul, Rita Tanas, Perla Maria Fiumani, Elena Di Pietro, Sabino Pesce, Antonino Crinò, Giulio Maltoni, Lorenzo Iughetti, Alessandro Sartorio, Manuela Deiana, Francesca Lombardi, Giuliana Valerio
BACKGROUND: Research has provided evidence that obesity is associated with peer victimization and low levels of self-concept. No study has examined the relationship between BMI z-score, self-concept in multiple domains, and peer victimization. METHODS: The aim of the research was to investigate the interplay between BMI z-score, self-concept in multiple domains (physical, athletic, social), and peer victimization, testing direct, mediated, and moderated associations...
March 7, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256922/obese-adolescents-show-reduced-cognitive-processing-speed-compared-with-healthy-weight-peers
#3
Victoria Sweat, Kathy F Yates, Renee Migliaccio, Antonio Convit
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity and obesity-associated diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) continue to rise. Obesity has been linked to structural and functional brain abnormalities, particularly in the frontal lobe. METHODS: One hundred sixty-two adolescents (aged 19.53 ± 1.53 years) underwent medical, neurocognitive, and brain magnetic resonance imaging assessments. Participants were either healthy weight (BMI <25.0 kg/m(2) or BMI percentile <85%) or obese (BMI ≥30...
March 3, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398853/the-association-of-parental-caregiver-chronic-stress-with-youth-obesity-findings-from-the-study-of-latino-youth-and-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#4
Carmen R Isasi, Simin Hua, Molly Jung, Mercedes R Carnethon, Krista Perreira, Denise C Vidot, Christian R Salazar, Jessica L McCurley, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Linda Van Horn, Alan M Delamater, Maria M Llabre, Linda C Gallo
BACKGROUND: Prior studies indicate that chronic stress is associated with obesity in adults. However, whether parental/caregiver stress is associated with obesity in their offspring has not been widely examined in Hispanic/Latino populations. In this study, we evaluated the role of caregiver chronic stress on child obesity and whether home food environment or child lifestyle behaviors explained the association. METHODS: The study included a sample of Hispanic/Latino youth and their caregivers (n = 473) from the Study of Latinos (SOL) Youth study and the Hispanic Community Health Study/SOL Sociocultural Study, which enrolled children aged 8-16 years from four cities (Bronx, Chicago, Miami, and San Diego), and provided assessments of adult chronic stress...
March 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398852/two-pilot-randomized-trials-to-examine-feasibility-and-impact-of-treated-parents-as-peer-interventionists-in-family-based-pediatric-weight-management
#5
Brian E Saelens, Kelley Scholz, Kelly Walters, Jane M Simoni, Davene R Wright
BACKGROUND: To examine feasibility and initial efficacy of having previously treated parents serve as peer interventionists in family-based behavioral weight management treatment (FBT). METHODS: Children aged 7-11 years with overweight/obesity and parents (n = 59 families) were enrolled in one of two pilot trials, the EPICH (Engaging Parents in Child Health) randomized trial comparing professional versus peer FBT delivery or the Parent Partnership trial, which provided professionally delivered FBT to families (first generation) and then randomly assigned first generation parents to either be or not be peer interventionists for subsequent families (second generation)...
March 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398851/breastfeeding-reduces-childhood-obesity-risks
#6
Liang Wang, Candice Collins, Melanie Ratliff, Bin Xie, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the effects of breastfeeding and its duration on the development of childhood obesity from 24 months through grade 6. METHODS: U.S. longitudinal data collected from 1234 children were analyzed using logistic regression models and generalized estimating equation (GEE). Child height and weight were measured six times at ages of 24 months, 36 months, 54 months, grade 1, grade 3, and grade 6. RESULTS: During the early 1990s, prevalence of breastfeeding was low in the United States, 60% and 48% at 1 and 6 months, respectively...
February 22, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398850/ethnic-differences-in-lipid-profiles-of-overweight-obese-and-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-6-19-years-of-age
#7
Sarita Dhuper, Nagla S Bayoumi, Yash D Shah, Shilpa Mehta
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences in lipid profiles exist in children and adolescents. This study assessed whether variations in lipid profiles present in overweight and obese youth were also observed in severely obese youth. Variations could explain the lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in certain ethnic groups at even severe levels of obesity. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years of 2001 through 2012...
February 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187267/use-of-appreciative-inquiry-to-engage-parents-as-codesigners-of-a-weight-management-intervention-for-adolescents
#8
Shirley M Moore, Cheryl M Killion, Sharon Andrisin, Frances Lissemore, Tonia Primm, Oluwatomisin Olayinka, Elaine A Borawski
BACKGROUND: Focus groups are often used to involve families as codesigners of weight management interventions. Focus groups, however, are seldom designed to elicit families' strengths and positive experiences. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of the Appreciative Inquiry process in the conduct of focus groups to engage families in the design of a weight management intervention for adolescents. METHODS: A convenience sample of 44 parents (84% female; 82% minority) of adolescent children with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile, who were in the 6th-8th grade in a large urban school, participated in focus groups designed to elicit family-positive experiences and strengths regarding healthy living...
February 10, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165758/early-antibiotic-exposure-and-risk-of-childhood-obesity-in-latinos
#9
Annette P Ville, Melvin B Heyman, Rosalinda Medrano, Janet M Wojcicki
We investigated the relationship between early antibiotic exposure before 6 months age and risk for obesity at 2 years in a high-risk, low-income, urban Latino cohort (n = 97), with the hypothesis that antibiotic exposure would increase risk for obesity by 2 years. Data were collected through maternal report of infant 24-hour dietary intake at 4-6 weeks, 6 months, 1, and 2 years; and food frequency questionnaires at 4-6 weeks, 6 months, 1, and 2 years. Antibiotic use data, including type and frequency, were collected through maternal self-report at 6 months and 1 year...
February 6, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128972/leptin-and-leptin-to-adiponectin-ratio-predict-adiposity-gain-in-nonobese-children-over-a-six-year-period
#10
Meixian Zhang, Hong Cheng, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Dongqing Hou, Yinkun Yan, Katherine Cianflone, Ming Li, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: Previous longitudinal studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the influence of adipokines on changes in weight and body fat. We aimed to determine the predictive value of serum leptin, adiponectin, and their ratio on subsequent changes in obesity measures in children. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six obese and 532 nonobese children aged 6-11 years were remeasured for BMI and waist circumference after 6.4 ± 0.2 years. Z-score of BMI was used to standardize for age and sex...
January 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128969/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-body-fatness-in-girls
#11
Terryl J Hartman, Antonia M Calafat, Adrianne K Holmes, Michele Marcus, Kate Northstone, W Dana Flanders, Kayoko Kato, Ethel V Taylor
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are used in surface coatings that resist stains, grease, and water. METHODS: The association between in utero PFAS exposure and girls' body fatness at age 9 was analyzed in The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (UK). Maternal serum [median 15 weeks: interquartile range (IQR) 10 and 28 weeks of gestation] was analyzed for perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA)...
January 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099048/effects-of-enhancing-school-based-body-mass-index-screening-reports-with-parent-education-on-report-utility-and-parental-intent-to-modify-obesity-risk-factors
#12
Lisa Bailey-Davis, Karissa L Peyer, Yinan Fang, Jae-Kwang Kim, Greg J Welk
BACKGROUND: School-based body mass index screenings (SBMIS) have been controversial. We aimed to determine if parents would indicate improved utility with SBMIS when the report included parent education and whether parental intent to modify obesity risk factors would vary with report type or child weight. METHODS: A cluster-controlled trial was conducted with 31 elementary schools randomized to distribute a standard SBMIS report or the standard report plus education (SBMIS+)...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#13
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092462/adolescent-cardiovascular-functional-and-structural-outcomes-of-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-prospective-community-based-study
#14
Alanna N Hanvey, Fiona K Mensah, Susan A Clifford, Melissa Wake
BACKGROUND: Adult BMI trajectories outperform single BMI measurements as predictors of cardiovascular mortality; however, it is unknown whether this also holds in childhood. We aimed to identify BMI trajectory categories from birth to adolescence, and examine their associations with adolescent cardiovascular function and structure. METHODS: Adolescents from a community-based prospective birth cohort completed 11-16 BMI measurements between birth and adolescence...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075151/multilevel-correlates-of-healthy-bmi-maintenance-and-return-to-a-healthy-bmi-among-children-in-massachusetts
#15
Lauren Fiechtner, Erika R Cheng, Gabriel Lopez, Mona Sharifi, Elsie M Taveras
OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of healthy BMI maintenance (HBM) or return to a healthy BMI (RHB) among children. METHODS: We studied 33,272 children in Massachusetts between 2008 and 2012. We used multinomial logistic regression to examine associations of individual- and neighborhood-level factors with the odds of: (1) HBM: maintenance of a healthy BMI ≥5th to <85th percentile and (2) RHB: transition to a healthy BMI range from an initial BMI ≥85th percentile between two clinic visits spanning an average of 3...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075147/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-the-feeding-exercise-randomized-trial-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#16
Anna Patsopoulou, Zoi Tsimtsiou, Antonios Katsioulis, Eleni Malissiova, George Rachiotis, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
BACKGROUND: The Feeding Exercise Trial in Adolescents (FETA) aimed to evaluate whether a community-based, parents-involving, combined physical activity and nutritional education program was effective in improving adiposity profiles in overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: A total of 181 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-15 years old were randomized in the three study groups ("Diet & Activity," "Activity," and Control). The Activity intervention included a 45-minute, 3-day per week supervised training program, while the Diet & Activity intervention included a supplementary 15 minutes of group-based sessions attended by the parents...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061145/effects-of-exercise-on-carotid-arterial-wall-thickness-in-obese-pediatric-populations-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Antonio García-Hermoso, Katherine González-Ruiz, Hector Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Jordi Olloquequi, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
BACKGROUND: In pediatric populations, the use of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of cardiovascular risk has increased. However, previous studies examining the effects of exercise training on arterial structure and function in obese children and adolescents have shown inconsistent findings. The primary aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to expand on the current body of literature by providing a quantitative estimate of the change in carotid IMT following exercise training as well as to provide an exploratory analysis of potential moderators associated with the variation in response to an exercise training intervention in overweight and obese youth...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996301/factor-structure-of-sizing-me-up-a-self-reported-weight-related-quality-of-life-instrument-in-community-children-across-weight-status
#18
Carol Strong, Yi-Ching Lin, Meng-Che Tsai, Chung-Ying Lin
BACKGROUND: To further understand the psychometric properties of the Sizing Me Up-a newly developed quality of life (QoL) instrument related to weight status. We extended the target population to a community sample, including obese, overweight, normal-weight, and underweight children. METHODS: Based on the data of 497 students in third to sixth grades, we used the following approaches: analysis of variance to detect the QoL scores among groups; confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine the original structure; and Rasch analysis to test the misfit items, disordered response descriptors, and differential item functioning (DIF) items...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936906/metabolic-consequences-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Zachary W Patinkin, Richard Feinn, Melissa Santos
BACKGROUND: Adolescents who are obese are at high risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although there is clear evidence associating OSA with metabolic dysfunction in adults, the evidence is less clear cut with adolescents. The purpose of this review was determine the association of sleep apnea with dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease risk, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and difficulty with weight loss in adolescents. METHODS: A systematic literature review using PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Google Scholar, and PsycINFO was performed and articles were screened and reviewed with an a priori protocol...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854513/child-care-exposure-influences-childhood-adiposity-at-2-years-analysis-from-the-rolo-study
#20
Helena Scully, Goiuri Alberdi, Ricardo Segurado, Aoife McNamara, Karen Lindsay, Mary Horan, Eilis Hennessy, Eileen Gibney, Fionnuala McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of life are instrumental for childhood physical development. Factors contributing to childhood obesity are difficult to determine; child care exposure is one to consider, by influencing food preference and physical activity development. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of child care exposure with adiposity at 2 years. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the secondary analysis of the prospective ROLO study (randomized control trial of low glycemic index diet) in Dublin, Ireland...
April 2017: Childhood Obesity
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