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Childhood Obesity

LeeAnn Tan, See Hoe Ng, Azahadi Omar, Tilakavati Karupaiah
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy food marketing to children is a key risk factor for childhood obesity. Online video platforms have surpassed television as the primary choice for screen viewing among children but the extent of food marketing through such media is relatively unknown. We aimed to examine food and beverage advertisements (ads) encountered in YouTube videos targeting children in Malaysia. METHODS: The social media analytics site was used to identify the most popular YouTube videos (n = 250) targeting children...
July 9, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Rebecca M Puhl, Mary S Himmelstein
BACKGROUND: With high rates of adolescent obesity, many parents are talking to adolescents about their body weight. Parental "weight talk" is linked with adverse health behaviors in youth, but we know little about what parents say in these conversations. Using a weight loss treatment-seeking sample of adolescents, the present study assessed adolescents' emotional reactions to words their parents use to describe their weight and preferred language for these interactions. METHODS: Adolescents enrolled in a national weight loss camp (N = 148) completed a questionnaire assessing their preferences for, and emotional reactions to, parental use of 18 words to describe their body weight...
July 5, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Jingjing Wang, Yang Gao, Heather H M Kwok, Wendy Y J Huang, Siuting Li, Liping Li
BACKGROUND: The epidemic of childhood obesity has been well documented in typically developing child populations, while situations among children with intellectual disabilities (ID) remain unclear. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 524 Chinese children with ID (males: 68.9%, mean age: 12.2 years) in Hong Kong in 2015. Children's height and weight were measured at school. Parents, in the presence of their children, completed a self-administered questionnaire at home about the children's physical activity (PA), eating habits, and sleep duration in a typical week as well as parenting practices regarding children's eating, PA, and their sociodemographic characteristics...
July 5, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Jinbo He, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the accuracy of using parent-reported data for screening children and adolescents with overweight and/or obesity at both population and individual levels by quantitatively synthesizing previous inconsistent findings in the research literature. METHOD: PubMed, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost were searched up to December 2017. A study was included if it explored the accuracy of using parent-reported data (i.e., BMI based on parent-reported height and weight; BMIpr) relative to directly measured data (i...
July 3, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Juan Antonio Ortega-García, Nicole Kloosterman, Lizbeth Alvarez, Esther Tobarra-Sánchez, Alberto Cárceles-Álvarez, Rebeca Pastor-Valero, Fernando Antonio López-Hernández, Manuel Sánchez-Solis, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health crisis among both children and adults and contributes to significant physical, psychological, and economic burden. We aim to investigate the effect of duration of breastfeeding on excessive weight and obesity at 6 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data on breastfeeding and child anthropometric measurements were collected in a birth-cohort study in Murcia, Spain (n = 350). Breastfeeding status and body mass index (BMI) were established according to WHO definitions...
June 18, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Robert M Siegel, Matthew Haemer, Roohi Y Kharofa, Amy L Christison, Sarah E Hampl, Lydia Tinajero-Deck, Mary Kate Lockhart, Sarah Reich, Stephen J Pont, William Stratbucker, Thomas N Robinson, Laura A Shaffer, Susan J Woolford
Childhood obesity continues to be a critical healthcare issue and a paradigm of a pervasive chronic disease affecting even our youngest children. When considered within the context of the socioecological model, the factors that influence weight status, including the social determinants of health, limit the impact of multidisciplinary care that occurs solely within the medical setting. Coordinated care that incorporates communication between the healthcare and community sectors is necessary to more effectively prevent and treat obesity...
June 7, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Alaina L Pearce, Christine A Leonhardt, Chandan J Vaidya
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of pediatric obesity on executive function and reward-related decision-making, cognitive processes that are relevant to obesogenic behaviors, and evaluated their association with sample (e.g., age, gender, intelligence, and socioeconomic status, SES) and study/task (e.g., categorical/continuous variable, food stimuli) characteristics. METHODS: A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted using Hedge's g effect sizes of published studies from 1960 to 2016, limited to children younger than the age of 21 years without medical comorbidities...
June 6, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Nazrat Mirza, Thao-Ly Phan, June Tester, Angela Fals, Cristina Fernandez, George Datto, Elizabeth Estrada, Ihuoma Eneli
Severe obesity defined as an age- and gender-specific body mass index ≥120% of the 95th percentile in children younger than 5 years is well recognized as a significant challenge for prevention and treatment. This article provides an overview of the prevalence, classification of obesity severity, patterns of weight gain trajectory, medical and genetic risk factors, and comorbid disorders among young children with an emphasis on severe obesity. Studies suggest rapid weight gain trajectory in infancy, maternal smoking, maternal gestational diabetes, and genetic conditions are associated with an increased risk for severe obesity in early childhood...
May 23, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Daniel S Kirschenbaum, Ross Krawczyk
Food addiction has become a popular notion in the media and scientific community, with many proposing that an addiction to food causes obesity. An article published in this journal in December 2017 by Tompkins et al. asserted that food addiction poses a barrier to the treatment of adolescent obesity. This review questions some of the methods, results, and perspectives offered by Tompkins et al. It also considers the extant evidence overall about this construct. The data about food addiction provide minimal support for the discriminant validity of this conceptualization relative to depressed binge eating...
May 2018: Childhood Obesity
Connie L Tompkins, Jennifer Laurent, David W Brock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Childhood Obesity
Ashlesha Datar, Paul J Chung
BACKGROUND: Whether self-control at school entry and changes in self-control in the early school years are predictive of BMI change and obesity onset over the next 8 years using longitudinal data on a nationally representative sample of US children. METHODS: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class 1998 were analyzed. The analysis sample included 7060 children with data from kindergarten (mean age = 6 years) until eighth grade (mean age = 14 years)...
May 2018: Childhood Obesity
Zan Gao
PURPOSE: This study examined trajectories in children's physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and body mass index (BMI) for both genders, and relationships among these trajectories, from childhood through early adolescence. METHODS: A total of 261 seconds and third-grade children (135 girls; Meanage  = 7.81; 73% White) from two U.S. elementary schools participated in this study. Their objective PA, sedentary behavior, and BMI were measured yearly from 2012 to 2015...
May 2018: Childhood Obesity
Felice Sirico, Antonio Bianco, Giovanni D'Alicandro, Clotilde Castaldo, Stefania Montagnani, Rocco Spera, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
BACKGROUND: New findings on adipose tissue physiology and obesity-associated inflammation status suggest that modification of the adipokine level can be relevant for the long-term prevention of obesity-associated chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: The scope of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of physical exercise in reducing the systemic inflammation related to obesity in children. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis of controlled randomized trials, identified through electronic database search, which investigated the effect of physical exercise, without concomitant dietary intervention, on adiponectin, leptin, and/or other inflammatory markers in children up to age 18 years with a body mass index greater than the 95th percentile for age and sex...
May 2018: Childhood Obesity
Tabashir Z Nobari, Shannon E Whaley, Michael L Prelip, Catherine M Crespi, May C Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence among low-income preschool-aged children in the United States decreased between 2010 and 2014. However, this decreasing trend may be varied across socioeconomic subgroups. This study examined trends in obesity prevalence among low-income children from 2003 to 2014 by child's age and household and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: This study used administrative data for all children, aged 2-4 years, participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Los Angeles County (LAC) during the years 2003-2014...
May 2018: Childhood Obesity
Charita Koya, Tsung Yu, Carol Strong, Meng-Che Tsai
BACKGROUND: Two common missense variants in the melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) gene, Thr6Lys (T6K) and Val81Ile (V81I), are presumably correlated with pediatric obesity. This meta-analysis aimed to examine and synthesize evidence on the association between these two common MC3R polymorphisms and the development of childhood obesity. METHODS: A combination of words relevant to the research question was searched on PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane database...
May 2018: Childhood Obesity
Janne Boone-Heinonen, Rebecca M Sacks, Erin E Takemoto, Elizabeth R Hooker, Nathan F Dieckmann, Curtis S Harrod, Kent L Thornburg
OBJECTIVE: Higher body-mass index (BMI) and lower birth weight (BW) are associated with elevated risk of diabetes in adulthood, but the extent to which they compose two distinct pathways is unclear. METHODS: We used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a cohort of adolescents (1994-1995) followed for 14 years over four waves into adulthood (n = 13,413). Sex-stratified path analysis was used to examine pathways from BW [kg; linear (BW) and quadratic (BW2 )] to latent trajectories in BMI from adolescence to adulthood to prevalent diabetes or prediabetes (pre/diabetes) in adulthood, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics...
April 2018: Childhood Obesity
Ross Krawczyk, Daniel S Kirschenbaum, Kristen J Caraher
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is recognized as a worldwide epidemic. Treatment of this problem has proven difficult, but many promising interventions exist, including immersion treatment. The purpose of this study is to examine the potential influence of psychotropic medications on immersion treatment outcomes in a real-world treatment setting. METHODS: This study examines the prescription rates of psychotropic medications and treatment process and outcomes of 642 adolescents in ten different cognitive behavioral therapeutic immersion weight-loss camps in the United States and in the United Kingdom...
April 2018: Childhood Obesity
Jing Zhang, Xinyue Li, Nicola Hawley, Zhijie Zheng, Zhen Zou, Linglin Tan, Qian Chen, Hong Shi, Hongyu Zhao, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: In China, recent rapid economic growth has been associated with increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. This study aimed to provide the most updated prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Shanghai, China, in 2010-2015. METHODS: Annual physical examination data were collected from 66,410, 43,812, 104,887, 113,667, 119,401, and 109,068 school children and adolescents aged 6-17 in Minhang District, Shanghai, in 2010-2015...
April 2018: Childhood Obesity
Gina L Tripicchio, Alice S Ammerman, Dianne S Ward, Myles S Faith, Kimberly P Truesdale, Kyle S Burger, Kelsey Dean, Levent Dumenci, Ann Davis
BACKGROUND: Clinical-community collaboration is a promising strategy for pediatric obesity treatment, but current research is limited. This study examined the effect of a family-based treatment program embedded in a primary care clinic on retention and changes in child weight status at 1 year. METHODS: Children (2-16 years, BMI ≥85th percentile, 87.0% Hispanic) and their parents were recruited from a single pediatric clinic for Healthy Hawks Primary Plus (HHP+)...
April 2018: Childhood Obesity
Chisato Miyakoshi, Yosuke Yamamoto, Hiroki Mishina, Chika Shirai, Ichiro Morioka, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Maternal employment may affect child care styles and contribute to the increasing prevalence of overweight children. We explored the potential risk factors for becoming overweight during early childhood, especially in the child care environment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from health check-up services from 2007 to 2015 in Kobe, Japan. The main outcome was being overweight at age 3 years, which was defined by the International Obesity Task Force cutoffs...
April 2018: Childhood Obesity
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