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Childhood Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161522/development-of-a-measure-to-assess-parent-perceptions-of-barriers-to-child-weight-management
#1
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato, Manfred van Dulmen, Christopher Flessner, Geoffrey Putt
BACKGROUND: Families face many barriers related to creating or maintaining a healthy lifestyle, which likely contributes to the prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States; however, no measure currently exists to examine these barriers. This study developed a quantitative measure of parents' perceptions of barriers to family healthy lifestyle. METHODS: Parents of children between the ages of 7-17 were recruited using Amazon Mturk (n = 812). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and preliminary convergent validity analyses were conducted...
November 21, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148828/increased-cellular-aging-by-3-years-of-age-in-latino-preschool-children-who-consume-more-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-pilot-study
#2
Janet M Wojcicki, Rosalinda Medrano, Jue Lin, Elissa Epel
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in adults and older children find that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases risk for obesity and cellular aging, as measured by leukocyte telomere length (LTL). METHODS: In a previously described, San Francisco-based Latino birth cohort, where telomere length was measured at birth, we evaluate the relationship between beverage consumption (including SSB and 100% fruit juice), obesity, and LTL at 2-3 years old, as well as change in LTL from birth...
November 17, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099231/effects-of-high-intensity-intermittent-training-on-vascular-function-in-obese-preadolescent-boys
#3
Napasakorn Chuensiri, Daroonwan Suksom, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: High-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) may serve as an effective alternative to traditional endurance training, since HIIT has been shown to induce greater improvements in aerobic fitness and health-related markers in adult populations. Our objective was to determine whether HIIT and supramaximal high-intensity intermittent training (supra-HIIT) would improve vascular structure and function in obese preadolescent boys. METHODS: Before the baseline testing, 48 obese preadolescent boys, aged 8-12 years, were randomly assigned into control (CON; n = 16), HIIT (8 × 2 minutes at 90% peak power output, n = 16), and supra-HIIT (8 × 20 seconds at 170% peak power output, n = 16) groups...
November 3, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028448/characterization-of-the-stool-microbiome-in-hispanic-preschool-children-by-weight-status-and-time
#4
Emily B Hollister, Byron A Foster, Mahmoud Dahdouli, Jesica Ramirez, Zhao Lai
BACKGROUND: Variations in gut microbiota composition and diversity have been associated with childhood adiposity, although most studies describing this have been cross-sectional in nature. Our objective was to evaluate associations between body weight and the gut microbiota over time in obese preschool-age children. METHODS: Obese, preschool-age, Hispanic children provided stool samples at baseline and following a 6-month behavioral intervention. Normal-weight (NW) children also provided stool samples...
October 13, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019419/prenatal-exposure-to-endocrine-disruptors-and-reprogramming-of-adipogenesis-an-early-life-risk-factor-for-childhood-obesity
#5
Ayman El-Sayed Shafei, Enas Samir Nabih, Kirolos Atalla Shehata, Emad Sherif Mohamed Abd Elfatah, Abou Bakr Ahmed Sanad, Mohamed Yehia Marey, Abd Alla Mohamed Ahmed Hammouda, Mounir Mostafa Moussa Mohammed, Randa Mostafa, Mahmoud A Ali
Obesity is a global health problem. It is characterized by excess adipose tissue that results from either increase in the number of adipocytes or increase in adipocytes size. Adipocyte differentiation is a highly regulated process that involves the activation of several transcription factors culminating in the removal of adipocytes from the cell cycle and induction of highly specific proteins. Several other factors, including hormones, genes, and epigenetics, are among the most important triggers of the differentiation process...
October 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019418/texting-motivational-interviewing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-text-messages-designed-to-augment-childhood-obesity-treatment
#6
Sarah Armstrong, Alan Mendelsohn, Gary Bennett, Elsie Taveras, Amanda Kimberg, Alex R Kemper
BACKGROUND: Text messages improve health outcomes for adults engaged in weight management. Little is known about whether text messaging parents of children enrolled in obesity treatment will improve child health. METHODS: We conducted a 2-group randomized controlled study among 101 children aged 5-12 and their parent/guardian enrolling in tertiary-care obesity treatment. Participants were randomized to standard care or standard care plus daily motivational interviewing-based text messages...
October 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976781/pacifier-use-and-early-life-weight-outcomes-in-the-intervention-nurses-start-infants-growing-on-healthy-trajectories-study
#7
Emily E Hohman, Jennifer S Savage, Leann L Birch, Jessica S Beiler, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: Although widely used by infants, little is known about the long-term effects of pacifiers. We investigated relationships between pacifier use in infancy and appetite, temperament, feeding, and weight outcomes through age 2 years using data from the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories study. METHODS: Mother-newborn dyads were randomized to a responsive parenting intervention for obesity prevention or a control group. Infants with data on pacifier use (n = 250) were categorized as using a pacifier beyond early infancy (≥4 months of age) or not...
October 4, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945463/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-are-associated-with-overeating-with-and-without-loss-of-control-in-youth-with-overweight-obesity
#8
Amy Heard Egbert, Denise E Wilfley, Kamryn T Eddy, Kerri N Boutelle, Nancy Zucker, Carol B Peterson, Angela Celio Doyle, Daniel Le Grange, Andrea B Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loss of control (LOC) eating, both prevalent in children and adolescents, may be related to one another. However, the relationship between ADHD and overeating without LOC has been largely unexamined, thus precluding an understanding of the independent contributions of LOC and episode size in these associations. The current study sought to examine associations between ADHD symptoms and maladaptive eating by evaluating three different types of eating episodes characterized by the presence/absence of LOC and the amount of food consumed: objectively large LOC episodes [objective binge eating (OBE)], subjectively large binge episodes [subjective binge eating (SBE)], and objectively large overeating episodes without LOC [objective overeating (OO)]...
September 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880579/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-chinese-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#9
Yafei Tan, Xiuhong Xin, Xiang Wang, Shuqiao Yao
BACKGROUND: The relationship between psychological factors and obesity has become a hot topic in psychosomatic research. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies in Chinese adolescents with different weight status. METHODS: Using stratified random cluster sampling, 700 and 321 adolescents were defined as adolescents with overweight status and obese status, respectively. One thousand and twenty-one adolescents with normal-weight status were also selected...
September 7, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872346/seasonal-variations-in-meeting-physical-activity-recommendations-and-development-of-overweight-during-adolescence
#10
Melanie L Kornides, Eric B Rimm, Jorge E Chavarro, Matthew W Gillman, Bernard Rosner, Alison E Field
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have examined seasonal variation in meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations in association with incident overweight among adolescents. METHODS: We assessed self-reported, season-specific PA among 12,949 adolescents in two US cohorts (Growing Up Today Studies 1 and 2). We examined the relationship between the number of seasons per year that adolescents met the recommended amount of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA), respectively, and the development of incident overweight at the next survey period...
September 5, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850274/sleep-patterns-and-quality-are-associated-with-severity-of-obesity-and-weight-related-behaviors-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#11
Jacqueline F Hayes, Katherine N Balantekin, Myra Altman, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor, Joanne Williams
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep duration, sleep patterns, and sleep quality have been associated with metabolic, circadian, and behavioral changes that promote obesity. Adolescence is a period during which sleep habits change to include less sleep, later bedtimes, and greater bedtime shift (e.g., difference between weekend and weekday bedtime). Thus, sleep may play a role in adolescent obesity and weight-related behaviors. This study assesses sleep duration, quality, and schedules and their relationships to relative weight and body fat percentage as well as diet, physical activity, and screen time in adolescents with overweight/obesity...
August 29, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639842/evaluation-of-plasma-trb3-and-sestrin-2-levels-in-obese-and-normal-weight-children
#12
Mitra Nourbakhsh, Roya Sharifi, Seyedeh Sara Ghorbanhosseini, Ali Javad, Fatemeh Ahmadpour, Maryam Razzaghy Azar, Bagher Larijani
OBJECTIVE: Obesity in childhood and adolescence is associated with metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. TRB3 (Tribbles homolog 3) and sestrin 2 are two newly found proteins that have been identified to play an important role in obesity and its complications. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate concentrations of TRB3 and sestrin 2 in plasma of obese and normal-weight children and adolescents, and their association with metabolic and anthropometric parameters...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632394/changes-in-eating-behaviors-of-children-with-obesity-in-response-to-carbohydrate-modified-and-portion-controlled-diets
#13
Shelley Kirk, Jessica G Woo, Bonnie Brehm, Stephen R Daniels, Brian E Saelens
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to determine whether two distinct carbohydrate (CHO)-modified diets and a standard portion-controlled (PC) diet differentially impacted children's eating behaviors and whether eating behavior scores predicted lower BMI among children with obesity. METHODS: Children (n = 102) aged 7-12 years with obesity were randomly assigned to a 12-month intervention of a low-carbohydrate (LC), reduced glycemic load (RGL), or standard PC diet...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604071/longitudinal-associations-of-sleep-duration-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-with-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-health-at-the-age-of-6-years-the-generation-r-study
#14
Ivonne P M Derks, Desana Kocevska, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Melissa Wake, Henning Tiemeier, Pauline W Jansen
BACKGROUND: A short sleep duration is associated with a higher obesity risk from midchildhood onward. However, whether sleep duration in early childhood is associated with body composition and cardiometabolic health remains unclear. This study aims to examine the prospective association of sleep duration in infancy and early childhood with body composition and cardiometabolic health at 6 years of age. METHODS: Data were available for 5161 children from a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574759/sedentary-behavior-and-cardiometabolic-health-associations-in-obese-11-13-year-olds
#15
Gregory J Norman, Jordan A Carlson, Kevin Patrick, Julia K Kolodziejczyk, Job G Godino, Jeannie Huang, John Thyfault
BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of sedentary time's impact on cardiometabolic health can help prioritize intervention targets. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cross-sectional and longitudinal relations of reported screen time and objectively measured total percent of time spent sedentary with cardiometabolic health in obese youth. METHODS: Participants were 106 obese adolescents age 11-13 (N = 106, 51% girls, and 82% Hispanic) recruited from primary care clinics in southern California...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557558/a-social-media-peer-group-for-mothers-to-prevent-obesity-from-infancy-the-grow2gether-randomized-trial
#16
Alexander G Fiks, Rachel S Gruver, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Justine Shults, Senbagam Virudachalam, Andrew W Suh, Marsha Gerdes, Gurpreet K Kalra, Patricia A DeRusso, Alexandra Lieberman, Daniel Weng, Michal A Elovitz, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas J Power
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed obesity prevention among low-income families whose infants are at increased obesity risk. We tested a Facebook peer-group intervention for low-income mothers to foster behaviors promoting healthy infant growth. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 87 pregnant women (Medicaid insured, BMI ≥25 kg/m(2)) were randomized to the Grow2Gether intervention or text message appointment reminders. Grow2Gether participants joined a private Facebook group of 9-13 women from 2 months before delivery until infant age 9 months...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520476/early-life-growth-predictors-of-childhood-adiposity-trajectories-and-future-risk-for-obesity-birth-to-twenty-cohort
#17
Richard J Munthali, Juliana Kagura, Zané Lombard, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of variations in adiposity trajectories among individuals, but the influence of early life growth patterns on these trajectories is underresearched in low- and middle-income countries. Therefore, our aim was to examine the association between early life conditional weight gain and childhood adiposity trajectories. METHODS: We previously identified distinct adiposity trajectories (four for girls and three for boys) in black South African children (boys = 877; girls = 947)...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497993/personal-variation-in-preference-for-sweetness-effects-of-age-and-obesity
#18
Nuala Bobowski, Julie A Mennella
BACKGROUND: Use of nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs), which provide sweet taste with few to no calories, has increased, but data on whether children's hedonic responses to NNSs differ from nutritive sugars or from adults' hedonic responses are limited. METHODS: Most preferred levels of sucrose and the NNS sucralose were determined via a forced-choice tracking procedure in 48 children, 7-14 years (mean = 10 years), and 34 adults. Each participant also rated the liking of these taste stimuli, as well as varying concentrations of aspartame on 3- and 5-point facial hedonic scales...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471701/the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-delivery-method-birth-weight-and-night-sleep-duration-as-determinants-of-obesity-in-vietnamese-children-of-primary-school-age
#19
Le Thi Tuyet, Bui Thi Nhung, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Danh Tuyen, Tran Quang Binh, Vu Thi Minh Thuc
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex disease that involves both environmental and genetic factors in its pathogenesis. Several studies have identified multiple obesity-associated loci in many populations. However, their contribution to obesity in the Vietnamese population is not fully described, especially in children. The study aimed to investigate the association of obesity with Val66Met polymorphism in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, delivery method, birth weight, and lifestyle factors in Vietnamese primary school children...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471699/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-examining-the-effectiveness-of-mobile-health-technologies-in-using-self-monitoring-for-pediatric-weight-management
#20
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a public health concern related to multiple negative physical and psychosocial problems. While behavioral weight control (BWC) interventions are generally effective in decreasing pediatric weight status, these interventions are not able to reach the third of U.S. children currently classified as overweight or obese. METHOD: This review and meta-analysis examined the overall effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) technologies employing self-monitoring, a central component of change within BWC, to decrease pediatric weight status...
October 2017: Childhood Obesity
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