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Childhood Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767287/feeding-practices-and-infant-growth-quantifying-the-effects-of-breastfeeding-termination-and-complementary-food-introduction-on-bmi-z-score-growth-velocity-through-growth-curve-models
#1
Mildred A Horodynski, Steven J Pierce, David Reyes-Gastelum, Beth Olson, Mackenzie Shattuck
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are a focus of early obesity prevention. We tested whether infant growth velocity increased after breastfeeding termination and complementary food introduction. METHODS: Our secondary analysis included a sample of 547 mother-infant dyads from a longitudinal randomized controlled trial conducted in Michigan and Colorado. Infant anthropometrics at birth, baseline, and 6- and 12-month follow-up were standardized to BMI-for-age z-score (ZBMI) according to World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts...
August 2, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759255/child-development-and-the-community-environment-understanding-overweight-across-the-income-gradient
#2
Brittany R Schuler, Nicole O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with increased risk of long-term health consequences. Despite the wealth of research, prevalence rates are still high, particularly among lower-income groups. Little is known about variations in risk of overweight/obesity across income gradients and the adolescent developmental stage. This study examines the association between distal community factors and adolescent weight status across income gradients and whether this association is moderated by age...
July 31, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737424/facilitator-and-participant-use-of-facebook-in-a-community-based-intervention-for-parents-the-infant-extend-program
#3
Katherine L Downing, Karen J Campbell, Paige van der Pligt, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites such as Facebook afford new opportunities for behavior-change interventions. Although often used as a recruitment tool, few studies have reported the use of Facebook as an intervention component to facilitate communication between researchers and participants. The aim of this study was to examine facilitator and participant use of a Facebook component of a community-based intervention for parents. METHODS: First-time parent groups participating in the intervention arm of the extended Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) Program were invited to join their own private Facebook group...
July 24, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727935/food-addiction-a-barrier-for-effective-weight-management-for-obese-adolescents
#4
Connie L Tompkins, Jennifer Laurent, David W Brock
BACKGROUND: Findings from studies of food addiction in adults suggest those with food addiction are less successful in weight-loss interventions. Little is known about food addiction in obesity treatment-seeking adolescents; therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of food addiction and correlates of food addiction symptoms in obese adolescents entering an outpatient, weight management program. METHODS: Obese adolescents (n = 26) were administered the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C), measures of appetitive responsiveness, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) before and following a 12-week, outpatient, behavioral weight management program...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727927/technology-components-as-adjuncts-to-family-based-pediatric-obesity-treatment-in-low-income-minority-youth
#5
Gina L Tripicchio, Alice S Ammerman, Cody Neshteruk, Myles S Faith, Kelsey Dean, Christie Befort, Dianne S Ward, Kimberly P Truesdale, Kyle S Burger, Ann Davis
BACKGROUND: Strategies to treat pediatric obesity are needed, especially among high-need populations. Technology is an innovative approach; however, data on technology as adjuncts to in-person treatment programs are limited. METHODS: A total of 64 children [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile, mean age = 9.6 ± 3.1 years, 32.8% female, 84.4% Hispanic] were recruited to participate in one of three cohorts of a family-based behavioral group (FBBG) treatment program: FBBG only, TECH1, and TECH2...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719232/long-term-outcomes-of-a-multidisciplinary-weight-management-intervention-for-youth-with-disabilities
#6
Ashleigh A Pona, Meredith L Dreyer Gillette, Cathleen Odar Stough, Janelle K Gerling, Brooke R Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at increased risk for obesity compared with their typically developing peers and face unique barriers to healthy lifestyles. A limited number of weight management programs have been specifically tailored to accommodate youth with disabilities, and outcomes research in this population is scarce. We investigated the effectiveness of a specialized multidisciplinary weight management program for children with disabilities. METHODS: Youth (N = 115) ages 2-18 years (mean age = 10...
July 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719224/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#7
Anna Pogodina, Ljubov Rychkova, Olga Kravtzova, Juliana Klimkina, Arjuna Kosovtzeva
BACKGROUND: A number of research studies have demonstrated a decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures among obese children. Moreover, the causes of HRQL impairments are not completely clear. Adolescent obesity is oftentimes associated with other cardiometabolic risk factors (CRFs); hence, the aim of our research was to estimate the frequency of CRFs and to determine whether there is an association between CRFs and HRQL scores among obese adolescents. METHODS: Our research included 92 treatment-seeking obese adolescents (11-17 years), 34 males...
July 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650206/socioenvironmental-personal-and-behavioral-correlates-of-severe-obesity-among-an-ethnically-racially-diverse-sample-of-us-adolescents
#8
Katherine W Bauer, Marsha D Marcus, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity among adolescents, also known as class 2 and 3 obesity, is increasing in prevalence, yet, little is known about adolescents with severe obesity. The objective of this study was to identify the socioenvironmental, personal, and behavioral correlates of severe obesity among an ethnically/racially diverse sample of US adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of data from participants in the EAT 2010 study (n = 2706) was conducted...
June 26, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639842/evaluation-of-plasma-trb3-and-sestrin-2-levels-in-obese-and-normal-weight-children
#9
Mitra Nourbakhsh, Roya Sharifi, Seyedeh Sara Ghorbanhosseini, Ali Javad, Fatemeh Ahmadpour, Maryam Razzaghy Azar, Bagher Larijani
OBJECTIVE: Obesity in childhood and adolescence is associated with metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. TRB3 (Tribbles homolog 3) and sestrin 2 are two newly found proteins that have been identified to play an important role in obesity and its complications. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate concentrations of TRB3 and sestrin 2 in plasma of obese and normal-weight children and adolescents, and their association with metabolic and anthropometric parameters...
June 22, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632394/changes-in-eating-behaviors-of-children-with-obesity-in-response-to-carbohydrate-modified-and-portion-controlled-diets
#10
Shelley Kirk, Jessica G Woo, Bonnie Brehm, Stephen R Daniels, Brian E Saelens
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to determine whether two distinct carbohydrate (CHO)-modified diets and a standard portion-controlled (PC) diet differentially impacted children's eating behaviors and whether eating behavior scores predicted lower BMI among children with obesity. METHODS: Children (n = 102) aged 7-12 years with obesity were randomly assigned to a 12-month intervention of a low-carbohydrate (LC), reduced glycemic load (RGL), or standard PC diet...
June 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604071/longitudinal-associations-of-sleep-duration-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-with-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-health-at-the-age-of-6-years-the-generation-r-study
#11
Ivonne P M Derks, Desana Kocevska, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Melissa Wake, Henning Tiemeier, Pauline W Jansen
BACKGROUND: A short sleep duration is associated with a higher obesity risk from midchildhood onward. However, whether sleep duration in early childhood is associated with body composition and cardiometabolic health remains unclear. This study aims to examine the prospective association of sleep duration in infancy and early childhood with body composition and cardiometabolic health at 6 years of age. METHODS: Data were available for 5161 children from a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
June 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574759/sedentary-behavior-and-cardiometabolic-health-associations-in-obese-11-13-year-olds
#12
Gregory J Norman, Jordan A Carlson, Kevin Patrick, Julia K Kolodziejczyk, Job G Godino, Jeannie Huang, John Thyfault
BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of sedentary time's impact on cardiometabolic health can help prioritize intervention targets. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cross-sectional and longitudinal relations of reported screen time and objectively measured total percent of time spent sedentary with cardiometabolic health in obese youth. METHODS: Participants were 106 obese adolescents age 11-13 (N = 106, 51% girls, and 82% Hispanic) recruited from primary care clinics in southern California...
June 2, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557558/a-social-media-peer-group-for-mothers-to-prevent-obesity-from-infancy-the-grow2gether-randomized-trial
#13
Alexander G Fiks, Rachel S Gruver, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Justine Shults, Senbagam Virudachalam, Andrew W Suh, Marsha Gerdes, Gurpreet K Kalra, Patricia A DeRusso, Alexandra Lieberman, Daniel Weng, Michal A Elovitz, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas J Power
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed obesity prevention among low-income families whose infants are at increased obesity risk. We tested a Facebook peer-group intervention for low-income mothers to foster behaviors promoting healthy infant growth. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 87 pregnant women (Medicaid insured, BMI ≥25 kg/m(2)) were randomized to the Grow2Gether intervention or text message appointment reminders. Grow2Gether participants joined a private Facebook group of 9-13 women from 2 months before delivery until infant age 9 months...
May 30, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604080/association-of-childhood-obesity-and-the-immune-system-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#14
Roya Kelishadi, Mohammad Roufarshbaf, Sina Soheili, Farzaneh Payghambarzadeh, Mohsen Masjedi
The growing prevalence of childhood obesity has become a serious health problem over the past decades. As the immune system is greatly affected by excess weight, in this review of reviews, we discuss the findings of review articles about the relationship between childhood/maternal obesity and children's immune system. We searched English-language articles in PubMed, Scopus, ISI Thomson Reuters, and Google Scholar databases. All relevant reviews, either systematic or narrative, were retrieved. Then their quality was assessed by using the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews and International Narrative Systematic Assessment tools, respectively...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467110/examining-sociodemographic-differences-in-playground-availability-and-quality-and-associations-with-childhood-obesity
#15
Shea M McCarthy, S Morgan Hughey, Andrew T Kaczynski
BACKGROUND: Parks and playgrounds are important environmental components for promoting healthy weight among children. The purposes of this study were to examine disparities in access to playgrounds and playground quality by multiple sociodemographic characteristics and the association of playground access and quality with youth weight status. METHODS: Objectively measured height and weight were collected for all third to fifth grade youth (n = 13,469) in a southeastern US County...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459602/inverse-correlation-between-helicobacter-pylori-colonization-and-pediatric-overweight-a-preliminary-study
#16
Hadar Moran-Lev, Ronit Lubetzky, Dror Mandel, Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Shlomi Cohen
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori, one of the most common bacterial pathogens in humans, is generally acquired during childhood. The inverse correlation between H. pylori colonization and obesity that was found in adults has not been investigated in depth in children. Our aim was to assess the correlation between overweight and obesity and H. pylori colonization in a pediatric population. METHODS: H. pylori colonization in 70 symptomatic children was determined after antral biopsies during esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448174/a-school-based-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-engage-spanish-adolescents-in-a-healthy-lifestyle-we-are-cool-som-la-pera-study-a-parallel-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, David Moriña, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner-Høeberg, Francesc Puiggròs, Lluís Arola, Amy Davies, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
BACKGROUND: Encouraging adolescents to adopt healthy lifestyles can be challenging. The aim of the "Som la Pera" study was to engage adolescents by applying new strategies to increase both their fruit and vegetable consumption and their physical activity (PA) while reducing their sedentary behavior. METHODS: In disadvantaged neighborhoods of Reus (Spain), two high schools were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 170 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds) and two were assigned to the control group (n = 223 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds)...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440693/maternal-history-of-child-abuse-and-obesity-risk-in-offspring-mediation-by-weight-in-pregnancy
#18
Stephanie A Leonard, Lucia C Petito, David H Rehkopf, Lorrene D Ritchie, Barbara Abrams
BACKGROUND: Women's experience of childhood adversity may contribute to their children's risk of obesity. Possible causal pathways include higher maternal weight and gestational weight gain, which have been associated with both maternal childhood adversity and obesity in offspring. METHODS: This study included 6718 mother-child pairs from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 in the United States (1979-2012). We applied multiple log-binomial regression models to estimate associations between three markers of childhood adversity (physical abuse, household alcoholism, and household mental illness) and offspring obesity in childhood...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440662/step-tracking-with-goals-increases-children-s-weight-loss-in-behavioral-intervention
#19
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Amber R Jarrell, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Savarra Mantzor, Robert L Newton, Patrice Tyson
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of step goals with pedometers to improve children's weight loss, physical activity, and psychosocial health during obesity treatment. METHODS: Overweight and obese children ages 8-17 years (n = 105) participated in a 10-week family-based weight management intervention, including physical activity, nutrition, and behavioral modification. A quasi-experimental design was used to group eight cohorts into three conditions: no pedometer (n = 24), pedometer only (n = 25), and pedometer with step goals (i...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398853/the-association-of-parental-caregiver-chronic-stress-with-youth-obesity-findings-from-the-study-of-latino-youth-and-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#20
Carmen R Isasi, Simin Hua, Molly Jung, Mercedes R Carnethon, Krista Perreira, Denise C Vidot, Christian R Salazar, Jessica L McCurley, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Linda Van Horn, Alan M Delamater, Maria M Llabre, Linda C Gallo
BACKGROUND: Prior studies indicate that chronic stress is associated with obesity in adults. However, whether parental/caregiver stress is associated with obesity in their offspring has not been widely examined in Hispanic/Latino populations. In this study, we evaluated the role of caregiver chronic stress on child obesity and whether home food environment or child lifestyle behaviors explained the association. METHODS: The study included a sample of Hispanic/Latino youth and their caregivers (n = 473) from the Study of Latinos (SOL) Youth study and the Hispanic Community Health Study/SOL Sociocultural Study, which enrolled children aged 8-16 years from four cities (Bronx, Chicago, Miami, and San Diego), and provided assessments of adult chronic stress...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
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